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The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-188?, August 28, 1879, Image 2

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THURSDAY.......-..AUGUBT 2S, 1S7S.
A SPEOIMEN OFUNJUST LAW.
A woman, well known in Portland,
some time ago brought a suit in the
Circuit Court to recover from the father
of her illegitimate child means for its
support am! maintenance. Tlio suit
was brought because the child's fattier
bad violated an express contract with
her. As a matter of course, the woman,
who, in ber girlhood, was so protected
and caret! for by ber seducer, lost the
ease. The generous law-makers had so
"provided for women," in such a case
of Infamy as this, that the father should
escape all pecuniary as well as moral
obligation. The woman appealed the
ease ti theSupreme Court, hoping that
that august tribunal would not condemn
a woman to the entire maintenance of a
oh ltd because its father was so unprin
cipled as Dot to help support IU The
betrayed and abandoned outcast hoped
that the misery, degradation and suf
fering all being hers the father would
be punished for hiscrlmeeveu so lightly
as to he responsible for the food and
clothes of his offspring. She knew
that, after the child was bora, when she
tried to obtain .work, np one would give
her a ohance to earn a penny by labor,
and she was forced into a life of dis
honor; but she did not suppose tlio in
justice was so deep in the hearts of men
that it was carried into their statute
books. She is wiser now. In looking
over the proceedings of the Supreme
Court of the State of Oregon under date
or August 16, 1679, she finds that, al
though the putative lather of her Ille
gitimatecaild solemnly agreed with her
that lie would pay her for boarding and
clothing their child, suoli contract Is
"without consideration, and cauuot be
legally enforced." She also learned, ac
cording to the laws of men, made by
themselves for their own benefit and
protection, and to shield them in the
commission of the greatest possible
crime against woman, that the "mother
of an Illegitimate child is Its guardian,
and bound to maintain it." She also
learned, according to the laws of men,
framed In such a mauner as to allow
those without moral responsibility to
eeeape peeuulary accountability, that a
"moral obligation, unsupported byouly
pre-existing obligation, is not a euffl-
eient consideration to support au ex
pfme contract that can be enforced at
law." She has found that she cannot
depend on the child's father, wealthy
though lie is, for one cent toward feed
ing the child, above the paltry sum
awarded her for her loss of honor.
Such eases as the above are all too
common, although comparatively fow
ever receive the attention of the public.
How the fathers and brothers of girls
can allow suoh shameful laws to dis
grace the statute books, is a mystery
pawing tho"' understanding of all moth
ers. The mother is made by law to be
the guardian of a child begotten with
out marriage bonds, and alone responsi
ble for its maintenance and support.
How unjust! how cruel! how Inhu
man 1 how barbarous ! That the mother
should bave the care of the child, is well
enough; but, If she has the care and
anxiety of raising the infaut, as little as
could be exacted is that the father fur
nish Its support. This mueh is of rig!
expected of men. A man who betrays
a pure and oonfiding girl is dangerous at
large; If he does not atone for his crime
by honorable marriage, the manner iu
which society allows a wronged woman
to regain ber standing (although hit po
sition ic seldom or never affected), then
the only place for him is behind prison
bare. Marriage is a weak redress, hut
society regards It as an atonement.
Women appreciate the enormity of the
orlrae, and in their just judgment the
proper punishment for seduction is im
prisonment for life.
IEEE GOSPEL-PBEE PEWS.
On Monday, in the Oregonian, a
correspondent signing himself "Not a
Churchman," growled because he was
unable to bave his pew in one of the
churches on "extra" occasions, for the
reason that interested people would
erowd into it. He admitted that lie did
not attend regularly, but said that when
he dW go he wanted hit pew fer him
self and bis friends. The Bee thus
notices this matter, and it is hoped the
purse-proud, semi-occasional attendant
at the house of Qod will read and pon
der it carefully, though the fact that be
Is "Not a Chuiobmau" may prevent
him from understanding the liberal
ideas advanced : "A pew-owner makes
complaint in the Oregonian that those
who pay pew rents ore frequently
crowded out of their place by Interlopers
In the house of God. The only remedy
for this is to have the gospel free, seats
free, and first eorae first served in the
matter of seats. There Is no sight more
forbidding to strangers or those unable
to pay exorbitant pew rents in a fash
ionable sanctuary than the gilt letters
ostentatiously announcing the special
ownership of certain portions of the
church, posted at the entrance of the
pews. It is mockery for a church to
ad vertli a nrdl welcome to all, where
money boys exclusive privileges."
The letter from our venerable friend,
Colonel John A. Collins, will be read
with Interest, Jlr. C. was ooutempore
neoes with William Lloyd Garrimw,
Gerritt Smith and Wendell Phillips in
the old anti-slavery days; and, though
he and bis excellent wife are Hearing
the iuvlsible shores of the Hereafter,
they are as keenly alive to the Interests
of humanity, and as clear-headed and
far-seeing In its behalf, as in their
younger and healthier days. May they
be spared to see the fruition of tbeir toll
in the complete emancipation of the
whole people from the tbralldom of
tyranny and Ignorance, is the sincere
wish of their legion of friends.
THE ATTEliPTEDAS8A8SIHATlOS.
The shooting of Rev. I. S. Kalloch by
Charles De Young, of the Snu Prauolsco
Chronicle, on last Saturday, was the
culmination of the bitter personal war
that has been waged by that paper on
the Worklngmen's candidates. The
Chronicle is responsible for the creation
of tlio Worklngmen's party; for, if that
journal bad nut given utterance to the
mouthings of Kearney, the power that
now so alarms it would never have
sprung into existence. Appalled at the
proKrtlontiuf theoommuuistic element
it created, It now tries to prevent tbeir
getting coutrol of the olty government.
Last week that journal published the
details of all the scandals that have
from time to time besmirched the repu
tation of Kalloch, the Worklngmen's
candidate for Mayor. It found plenty
to make n very lengthy article, which
was written in the dashing style for
which that journal is noted. That the
Chronicle had a right to discuss the
cbaraoteraud qualifications of the can
didate for the position of Mayor, Is true;
but that journal overstepped Its bounds
and raked up the records of Kalloch's
father. Kalloch Is not a fit man for
Mayor, and it was the duty of the news
papers to proclaim 11; but the doings of
his father had nothing to do with the
matter. Kalloch, in retaliation, an
nounced that he would read au article
about the De Youngs published iu Nap
tbaly's Shh four or five years ago, and
would comment on thesame. The arti
cle caused a shooting scrape between
the De Youngs and Napthaly at the
time It was published, and Charles De
Young sent Kalloch word that he would
kill him If he read It. The latter did
not beed the warning, aud iu a speech
at Metropolitan Temple, on Fridav
night last, referred to the article and re
Iterated his intention to read it on Sat
urday, and said he had appointed a
committee to obtain a copy. The arti
cle In question reflects very severely on
the mother and the sisters of the De
Youngs, charging that the former kept
an asslguatfon-house in St. Louis, and
that the latter were prostitutes. These
women had nothing todo with the elec
tion In California, and how the defarua
lion of their reputations could help Kol-
iocu, no one can see. ir tuey were as
bad as he proclaims them, It doee not
benefit his candidacy in the least, or
render the stories about him any the
less true. The attempted assassination
was cowardly; tut no one could expect
a man to sit idly by ami allow auother,
eveu with a character above reproach,
to vilify the mother who gave him birth
and the sisters who played with him In
childhood, much less permit a man like
Kalloch to defame them. There is no
excuse in law for the assault; but the
great majority or people will applaud
him for his defense of his mother and
sisters, although condemning the cow
ardly advantage he gained by having
Kalloch come to his carriage under the
expectation of meeting a lady.
Kearney exhibited good sense in mak
ing the rabble keep quiet. He promised
them that, in case Kailooh died, they
should hare revenge. He sold that the
machinery of the city government
would soon be In their hands, and they
could then punish the assassin. Al
though the rabble was thoroughly
aroused and clamoring for the blood of
the De Youngs, the sand-lot agitator
showed his complete mastery over his
horde or ignorant followers by exacting
compliance with his wishes. Never
was the power of the "dictator" more
clearly shewn. He bade them to dis
perse and keep the peace, aud they
obeyed.
It Is hard to foresee the outcome of
this sad event. The communistic ele
meut of San Francisco, iu case Kailooh
dies, will endeavor to make this the ex
cuse for putting in practice their theo
ries. If he recovers, his election can be
prevented only by a miracle. In that
case, the city government will be in the
bauds of the ignorant, excitable and
prnpertyless foreign element, and the
ooudltion of the city would be indeed
deplorable. Some appear to think that
the Republicans will be the gainers;
but it will hardly give them euougb
votes to elect their candidates.
The newspapers which receive Asso
ciated Press dispatches denounce De
Young, without even admitting that
there was the slightest cause for anger.
Their antagonism arises from the fact
that De Young broke their combination
and arranged matters so as to allow the
Chronicle to get telegraphic news.
While we condemn the course of the
De Youngs in the affair of last Satur
day morning, as in a great many other
matters, we will not allow the opportu
nity to pass without saying that the
Chronicle has exhibited the most enter
prise of any newspaper on the coast, al
though frequently directed In a very
uuwise mauner. While it has assailed
men In private life, it bas not, like too
many others, failed to show up to the
world the wrong-doings of those who
bave been the people's servants. Charles
De Young should he punished for his
cowardly assaolt ; but, as the Standard
saj's, tue son or uromor who win not
defend the character of his mothers or
sisters is worse than a Ilbeler, slanderer
or coward. Even if the dirty and in
famous assault on the women Is true, uo
son or brother should allow any man to
publish it to veut his spleen.
The representation at theStateTeach-
era' Institute has been better this year
than ever before. We regret that our
space is so limited that wb cannot prop
erly notice Its interesting proceedings.
If it were possible, we should like to
give the addresses of Rev. S. C. Adams,
Hon. J. N. Dolph, Rev. M. May and
several others in full.
The Standard has said some sensible
things this week. It is folr to presume
that this Is the result of the "bread and
milk" the interim olalms to bave been
feeding on. -
A HOVELWEDDING.
The Oakland, California, papers tell
of a most novel and luterestkvtr mar
riage ceremony that was recedtly per
formed in that city of roses. TJjb high
contracting parties were GeorgeTyburn,
M.D., County Physician of Sacramento,
and Dr. Jeuule Bearby, of Oakland.
The ceremony was performed by a lady
clergyman, the Rev. Ada C. Boa-lee, of
San Franoisen.
Tlio wedding took place at Dr. Rear
by's . parlor, in the Oregon Block,
Broadway and Thirteenth street, Oak
land, in the pieseueo of a select com
pany of the most Intimate friends of the
contracting parties. Several suites of
parlors were thrown open and gracefully
decorated with evergreens and floral
ornaments. On the wall of the main
parlor appeared the monograms "B. P.,"
In large Greek capitals qf senl-hrnwn,
shaded with gold, on either side, and
forming the base or a cret-eent-shaped
reading, "At Home, 6th July, 1879." A
table, elaborately embellished with
floral offerings and rich bridal presents,
stood at the end of the room.
At half-past ten in the morning the
less than two score of specially-invited
guests quietly assembled Iu the above
described parlors, the brlds and groom
took their placos, and then Rev. Ada C.
Bowles proceeded to "make the twaiu
one" by the following original cere
mony :
The lady said: "Friends, the
hour having arrived to proceed to thej
marriage of the couple before you, It Is
my pleasure to state that, by their re
quest, I shall dispense with the usual
religious services ami marry them by a
strictly civil ceremony, according to the
laws of the State of California. And
you are Invited here to be witness to
their mutual contract." Directing the
gentleman aud lady to join their right
lianas, be proceeded, addressing the
bride:
1 1 r i . i . t .. .
uu jou iBKe mis man wnnm you
now hold by the right hand to be your
lawfully wedded husband, and promise
to love and cherish him ?"
The bride responded. "I do."
Mrs. Bowles then handed lo Dr. Jen
nie a fine solitaire diamond riiif, and
continued :
"In token of that promife, do you In
presence of these witnesses place this
ring upon the hand of this man?"
"I do," again responded the bride,
aud the ring was transferred to the
fourth finger of the left hand of the
bridegroom.
The same questions were addressed to
the gentleman, aud the same answers
received ; but the ring placed upon the
finger of the bride by the bridegroom
was a massive band or native gold, with
the monogram "B. P." wrought iu a
beautiful design thereon.
Turning to the guests present, Mrs,
Bowles concluded the ceremony by say
ing: "I'rieuds, you bear witness to the
contract entered into between this man
ana this woman, and I have only to
add," again add resell) g the bride aud
groom, "that, by the laws or the State of
California, I now pronounce you hus
band ami wife."
SPEAGUE-CONKLING.
The New York Time Is severe in its
denunciation of Conkllng in theSpraguc
scandal. It declares that duriug the
past two years there has been in Wash
ington "an open, flagrant scandal con
cerning the relations of a vaiu, ambi
tious and Indiscreet woman and an
equally vain, ambitious and indiscreet
Senator. Deccut and conservative peo
ple have looked on with real grief.
They have seen a foolish woman
'throw herself at the head' of a man
who bad uot self-respect uor manliness
to bold up a hand or warning and chiv
alrous remonstrance." A well-mau-nered
press has constantly suppressed
the scandal about a mau whose "moral
sense is blunted by au abnormal ego
tism." Does auy one believe that ir pure
women were Iu the councils or the na
tion at Washington that there would be
opportunity for the licentiousness that
Is so rampant there? If the good and
true wives of Senators and Representa
tives oould be witli their husbands at
the seat of Government, the adventur
esses that ho swarm iu that city could
not find the willing aud easy victims
that abouud on every side, and free and
easy law-makers would be restrained,
by the presence of their better halves,
from the actions that are bringing dis
grace on the American people. Senator
Conkllng aud Mrs. Sprague may aud
we hope have conducted themselves as
people in tbeir stations in life should,
but the popular belief iu the Immorality
of Washington society will probably
render a verdict of guilty In their case,
unjust though it be.
Bishop Haven Is doubtless sincere In
bis opinion that the proper way to as
similate the Chinese Is by educating
them in the public schools and receiv
ing them in our churches. He has not
been on this coast long enough to know
that this is impossible iu practice,
though very nice In theory. The Chi
nese won't assimilate, and that Is all
there is about it. They don't come to
this country with the expectation of
maklug it their home, aud won't do so.
And as they don't wish to stay here
and won't stay here, they can't be
"Americanized."
What is known as the "Yaioo plan"
in Mississippi is furnishing Republican
journals a good deal or campaign
"thunder." A gentleman who was an
independent candidate for the shriev
alty In Yazoo county was assassinated
to get him out of the way aud check
"radicalism," the Southern newspapers
claiming that it was an effort to revive
Republicanism. Oue Southern Journal
calls this laying dowu sound political
doctrine by deeds, and not by words.
All of which shows that the struggle
over tbo "lost cause" will have to be
fought over again.
EDITOBIAE O0BBESP0HDENOE.
DKAR ItKADEESorTUKXEW NORTHWEST:
The peregrinations of the uudersicned
are so constant as to almost entitle us to
tlio unenviable sobriquet of la femme
Salalhiel. The circuit of our labors Is
so large, aud its fiscal year so short, that
ere we are aware, strive we never so dil
igently, the by-gone twelve-month has
overlapped the coming one, and yet the
auuual circumlocution bas not been
completed. The weather was hot iu
Portluud aud cool at the sea-side. Aud
no, to combine business with pleasure,
we departed for Astoria on the morning
of the 19th, carrying with us a vivid
recollection or such profuse perspiring
while packiug the "Pilgrim" that we
dreaded the thought of returning to the
metropolis during the dog days. Itut a
sudden change came over the spirit or
our dreams, for when wo reached Asto
ria the Summer rain was there too, aud
tho change from almost tropical heat to
severe Oregon Winter lias induced neU'
ralgia and geueral personal discomfort
for which there Is but one remedy the
stay-ut-home cure and that Is reserved
for those who can afford It.
The little city by the sea gives evi
dence of healthy growth. There is
within its borders an odd admixture of
the provincial and tlio cosmopolitan,
both Iu Its dwellings aud society, the
result of its gradual transition from the
proportions of a villngo to the preten
sions of a city. Everybody Iu the Wil
lamette Valley w ho can get away from
business, or bring business with him, is
here Iu search of cooler air, and the ho
tels aud boarding-houses arc full to
overflowing. The Occident, where we
havo quarters for the week, is one of
the best hotels we And anywhere.
Messrs. Meglerit Wright know how to
keep hotel on the metropolitan plan.
Mrs. Megler and her sister do the hon
ors of the house In agreeable style, their
many guests being unanimous iu com
mendation ot their genial, unliriug care
for their comfort. Tho exodus to the
sea-side has been greater this year than
for some time in the past. Last year
everybody went to San Francisco, be
cause the faro was down, aud life ou the
icean was as iuexpeuslve as life at
home. But tho wreck of the Great Re
public stopped this season's current of
travel this side of the Columbia bar, and
Astoria, Clatsop, Skipanon, Sea View,
Ilwacoaud Oysterville are the gainers
Then there arc numerous points of lesser
note to which the people are flitting,
Fort Clatsop, Young's River, the cau-
neries, etc, etc, attracting those of
more quiet dispositions and Inexpensive
habits who havo friends along the line
I of Summer travel, whom they visit reg
ularly at this season of the year.
Circuit Court is in session in Astoria,
and quite a number or Portland's offi
cial dignitaries are sojourning here,
Judge Bellinger and District Attorney
Caples, Mr. Bronaugh, aud Mr. Ball and
wife being guests at the Occident.
MayorThompson'snnd Collector Kelly's
families are yet at Ilwaco, enjoying the
delightful experiences of camp life in
the rain. Quito a number of campers
have returned to Portland and Salem
since tho rain began, among them Mr.
Stowell's, Geueral Tolan's and Secretary
Earhart's families, who got enough of
camp life several days ago.
Iu Astoria we are pleased to greet the
genial faces of many frleuds or human
rights, among them the excellent fami
lies or Collectorllare aud MayorParker,
whom official position has empowered
with added opportunity to use their in
fluence In tbo cause of right and liberty.
The Merrimans, Merrills, Taylors, War
rens, Corwins, Chances, Cleveland,
Henrys, and a host of other friend-, both
new and old, arc also enthusiastic In the
work for equal rights.
Our meetings began on Saturday
evening in the Congregational Church,
the audience being excellent as to both
numbers and quality, composed, as it
was, of tiie thinking and leading ele
ments of the city. Wo were much
gratified to see, prominently among the
other gentlemen of note, the genial
faces ol the Collector of Customs, the
District Judge aud Prosecuting Attor
ney. Tho lecture subject, "The Legal
Root of Evil" occupied au hour and a
half iu delivery, aud was received by
both press and peoplo In a spirit of fair
ness, commendation and just criticism
highly gratifying to oue so fresh as our
seir rrom tho eggs and scurrility nnd
effigies of Jacksonville.
The Atlorian, under the efficient man
agement of our good friend, D. C. Ire
land, Is growing constantly In financial
standing, literary excellence and popu
lar favor. We know of uo gentleman
whose success In the face of difficulties
has been more markeJ than Brother
Ireland's. And the best of it is, he de
serves It all.
Astoria does not yet give up her pre
tensions of rivalry with Portland. Her
real estate is held at fancy figures, and
her riparian rights, Judging from the
many acres of piles upon which her
business rests, must extend into the Co
lumbia to somewhere within a few feet
of the opposite shore line. A little way
back or the broad area or "planken terra
firma," the mountains rise abruptly,
making terracing both necessary and
expensive, and giving the really hand
some towifSk picturesque appearance.
Tho church and school interests or
Astoria are about the same as In other
towns of its size, the hotel and boarding
house business seems rather better than
in other places, aud the saloons, if one
rcan judge by their number, are exceed
ingly thrifty. The blue ribbon club of
Dr. Watts bas gone to smash. Of the
pledges of eighty-seven teetotalers
taken by Mrs. Peckham, the majority
hold firm. The temperance work that
Ignores the enfranchisement of woman
Is nothing but child's play, its real ob
ject amounting to little more than en
abling its public speakers to air their
oratory at the public expense.
Professor Plummer gave an enjoyable
entertainment here one night last week,
and the Hutchlnson'famlly have left
behind thorn a satisfactory record. The
citizens generally seem bent upon en
joying the most there Is In life. The
health of the place Is generally good,
and the hospitality of the people pro
verbial. A. S. D.
Astoria, August 23, 1S70.
In tho M. E. Conference, an luvalid
minister, Rev. S. S. Vandersal, re
quested to be given a location, as he was
physically unable to perform effective
itinerant labor, aud the tequeet was de
nied. He then wished his connection
with the church to bo severed. Rev. J.
L. Powell thought If the brother could
labor for the cause of Christ equally
well in some other denomination, that
would he greater than working for the
M. E. Church. Bishop Haven reproved
Mr. Powell, saying that the obligations
or a Methodist minister to his church
are araniouut to all other considera
tions. Rev. 1. 1). Driver could not un
derstand how a Methodist minister
could preach for auy other denomina
tion, and considered everything subordi
nate to the Interests or the M. R Church.
From which remarks it Is evident that
there Is a great deal or bigotry and in
tolerance In some Methodist Episcopal
ministers. Reverends Powell aud Van
dersal both showed themselves superior
to the Bishop who presides over them.
They recognize that the cause or Christ
Is paramount to that or any denomina
tion. The invalid finally withdrew
from thecontroliug powerof thechurch,
and is well oil iu being out or the com
pany or men whose Ideas or Christianity
are so narrow as thoso expressed by
Bishop Haven, I. D. Driver, and others.
The following is the article adopted
by the Louisiana Constitutional Con
vention, giving women recognition In
school matters: "Women twenty-one
years or age and upwards, shall be ell
gible to any office of control or man
agement under the school laws of this
State." This is another step in advance
In all quarters of the United States
women are receivlug recognition. Iu
every portion of the laud concesslous
are being made to their just requests.
Ia but a few years the popular demand
will ring out so loud aud clear that it
can no longer be ignored Iu relation to
the great Idea of universal political
equality.
Do women, when thinking of societies
for the prevention or cruelty to animals,
ever call to mind the Immense numbers
or birds that are yearly sacrificed to the
decrees of fashion used as adornmeuts
for hats and bonnets? Woman, be
merciful, anil stop the foolishness of
sacrificing beautiful birds to the adorn
ment or your person. It is every per
son's place to be neat and attractive,
"Cleanliness is nest to godliness," aud
neat aud handsome appearance comes
only with cleanliness; but there Is
plenty of opportunity for adornment
without preying upon the birds.
It Is reported that Mrs. Asa B. Hutch
inson, one of the famous family of slug'
ers, has become exceedingly wealthy by
the purchase of an undeveloped mine at
Lead vi lie, Colorado, which has since
proved to be of remarkable richness.
LETTER FBOM J5AN PBAN0IS0O.
To the KmroK op the Nkw JTokthwkst:
The news of Mrs. Duulway's straight
forward, self-possessed and more than
womanly bravery during the recent riot
in Jacksonville has reached us iu Sau
Francisco and challenged our admira
tion aud renewed our enthusiasm. Her
mameuveriugs and protracted light and
glorious victory over the trained
canaille, and the permanent discom
fiture aud complete rout of their titled
backers, laugh to scorn their boasted
masculine supremacy. Nevermore can
they proclaim man as woman's master
by divine right; for oue woman with
speech and peuall has out-generaled the
whole ofllciul crowd.
The purse aud sword, with addled
eggs aud other lesser weapons com
bined, are powerless in au open field
witli the divine allies of moral force.
"The bcl laid plans at mice and men,
(Jung at agile."
Mrs. D.'s experience is analogous to
that or the abolitionists from l&lltolSGO.
Now, as then, mobs contributed largely
to advauoe the movemeut they sought
to overthrow. Opposition to any good
movement evolves discussion, aud re
sults Iu healthy growth. And when it
leads to public disturbances aud vio
lence, even though secretly Inaugurated
by men of wealth and influence, it al
ways enlarges the souls of the assailed,
and practically demonstrates the truth
or the proverb that "the blood of the
martyrs is the seed of the church."
I shall be very much mistaken in my
estimate of the character of the people
of Southern Oregon If auother Woman
Suflrage mob is tolerated Iu Jackson
ville, be the alleged offender male or
female. Tbearraigumeut of Judge Prim
was timely, eminently proper, and In
Mrs. D.'s legitimate line of busiuessaud
duty. As a public official, and an oppo
nent of woman's liberty, his own exam
ple was a proper subject for comment
and criticism; aud Mrs. D.'s able expo
sition, eloquent utterauces aud good
natured deportment from first to last
challenge our highest admiration.
The Congressional Committee to In
quire luto the cause of our present de
pressed condition or labor is uow In this
city, and will doubtless be in a working
condition in a fow days. It Is my In
tention, ir lean command the necessary
strength, to meet that augutl body, aud
submit my views thereupon. But ir
strength does not come, I shall make
one supreme effort of will and attempt
It, be the cost what It may. Man's re
lation to nature and to his kiud is the
great problem mat demands prompt in
vestigation aud quick solution, aud all
other questions are Involved therein.
Fraternally,
John a. Collins.
San Francisco, August 15, 1879.
OEHEEAL NEWS.
An oil train of twenty-eight ears was
burned In Pennsylvania on the 21st.
S. S. Rlohlev'a bank, at Columbus,
O., was robbed of $20,000 on tho 26th.
Cubans In New York propose to aid
the revolutionary committee or Cuba.
General Grant, it Is thought, will be
Preslde'ut or the Darieti Canal Company.
Louisiana Republicans will hold a
convention in New Orleans on October
20th. .
There isau increase or 30.080.800 bush
els of Spring wheat iu the Middle West
this year.
Proceedings or the court martial
against Surgeon-General Hammond
have been annulled.
Utica Republicans have chosen Sena
tor Conkllng as delegate to the New
York State Convention.
Two farmers in Kansas. Dobbins nnd
Burus, had a combat over a debt on the
22d, ami both were killed.
It is charged that ministers have lied
from Memphis, "leaving their Hooks to
the ravages of the fever."
Colonel John C. Cremonv. a well-
known Journalist ami author, died at
Sau Francisco m the2lth.
The business porliou of Farmer City,
III., was destroyed by fire on the 24lh.
Loss, $100,000; insurance, $40,000.
"Castle Thunder" and other buildings
at Richmond were burned on tiie 26th.
Loss, 5100,000; insurance, $51,000.
By the explosion of the boiler of a
tug in New York yesterday, Loon Mas
l-uller and Joseph l.ellay wore killed.
Hi ties, a constable, was killed iu Fort
Thomas, Nevada, yesterday, while try-
lug to arrest J. li. Collins, a merchant.
The United States steamer Massa
chusetts is ashore at Portsmouth, N. H.
She will be saved, but is badly injured.
No apprehension of a geueral fever
epidemic is felt at New Orleans, the
sanitary condition of the city being ex
cellent.
Several hundred employes or the
Luke Shore Railroad are on a strike In
Chicago, their grievance being overwork
aud pour my.
A white man named Atwell killed a
negro named Allen in Memphis, on the
25in. A coroners jury declared It justl
liable homicide.
Workingraeu's and Grenbaekers'
meetings throughout the Etst are se
vere in denouncing De Young's cow
ardly assault ou Kalloch.
Mrs. Nelson, wife of one of the part
ners in the old steamship firm of Good
all, Nelson & Perkins, is suing for a dl
vision or commuuity property.
Large numbers of thieves infest the
fever-stricken city of Memphis. The
unprovided colored citizens say that
tuey will nave lood at any price.
A German named Kerster. living in
Inxiuois county, III., shot away his
wife's lower jaw on the 24th, and com
uleted the murder with an axe. He
then escajed.
Samuel Liner, a member of the town
council of Pottstown, Pit., was killed
and several other gonllemen injured on
the 25lh by the falling of au-areh that
was being removed to make repairs at a
blast furnace of the Pottstown Iron
Company.
The Board ot Underwriters of San
Francisco have presented CapL Arm
strong and his daughter, Miss Emma,
$500 each, for their conduct iu bringing
a yellow fever ship from Kio Janeiro to
that port, aud to Thos. II. Patterson, of
the same ship, $250. Extremely com
plimentary letters accompanied each
presout.
There Is trouble at Bodie, Cal., be
tween the miners aud Superintendent
Dal)', of the Mono and Jupiter miuiug
claims. The miners, nu the evening of
the 23,1, destroyed a cabin built by order
or the Superintendent over tue uynee
shaft, aud afterward resolved lo hang
Daly. A man named Gon was killed on
the morning ol the 23d in a fight be
tween the miners.
On last Saturday morning, Charles
De Youug, of the San Fraucisco Chron
icle, attempted to assassinate lie v. I. S.
Kalloch, Worklngmen's candidate for
.Mayor. He rode to tue tatter's study
and sent a messenger boy for bim, aud
tbeu shot him down, one shot taking
effect in the breast and the other Iu the
thigh. De Young was mobbed, and
was with, difficulty taken to the City
Hall by the police. The Workinguien
threaten to lynch him if Kailooh dies.
De Youug has waived examination to
appear before the County Court. The
city has not been in such a turmoil
since Lincoln was assassinated. The
police and military guarded the Chron
icle office to keep it from being sacked.
This (Thursday) morning's dispatches
say Kalloch is out of danger.
P0BEIGN HEWS.
Sir Rowlan Hill Is dead.
A $500,000 lire occurred at Sophia ou
Saturday last.
The reports from the Cassiar mines
are discouraging.
The plague has appeared ou the
Turko-Persian frontier.
Cholera is reported at Oslend, Brus
sels aud Western Flanders.
The deaths from yellow fever In Ha-
vaua duriug July were 475.
Four more Cardinals will be created
at the consistory next month.
Several more executions for political
oiieuces are reported from Russia.
Starvation still prevails at Cashmere.
India. Cholera Is increasing at Cubul.
The last rain in England did more
damage than all tho previous excessive
rains.
The crops in the interior of British
Columbia are the most bountiful ever
known.
After the Greek frontier Is settled.
the Turkish army will be reduced to
10,000 men.
Forty thousand tons of steel rails have
been ordered iu London for the Cana
dian Pacific Railway.
Joseph Pistoria, who took part In the
meeting on board the Casswell iu 187G,
bas been hanged Iu Cork.
Catholics wrecked the windows of a
number of dwellings of Protestants iu
Lurgain, Ireland, last week.
A mammoth seam of bituminous coal
has been discovered on Suit Spring
Island, about twenty miles north of Vic
toria, B. C.
English skilled workmen are prepar
ing to emigrate. The spinners of Old
ham urge emigration as a means of Im
proving their condition.
The great shooting contest was con
cluded at Versailles on the 21th. Mil
ton Farrow, an American, marksman,
gained the first three prizes.
One cause of Turkey's financial dis
tress Is found Iu the fact that over half a
million Mussulman refugees are being
maintained in addition to the army.
Another strike of colliers is reported
In North Staffordshire. Fife, and Clunk.
wanna, England, and their request for
an ndvauce- or 12J per cent in their
wages nas ueen rolused. The poor.
nvfir.hiinUna.1 t ..... . I. . . . 1
couclusion that they will starve In idle
v.- uuiuciicu IUIUCIO I 1 1 III f in lllu
ness ratner man torce themselves to
" m ineir present condition.
NEWSITEMS.
STATE AND TERRITORIAL.
Yamhill county's gruiu yiehl is fair.
Walla Walla county script is as good
as gold.
Norway rats havo made tbeir way to
Ro.seburg.
The Presbyterian church at Ashland
has n new bell.
A fino mineral spring has been struck
near Rsehurg.
The dredger is operating at tbo mouth
of tile Willamette.
Thre nas n lig'il fall of nuow at The
Dalles ou last I'mirsday.
A large number of business booses
nre being built at The Dulles.
Work on the lighthouse at Tillamook
Head will be commenced soon.
The newly-discovered silver ledge
near Port Towusend assays unfavorably.
A large amountof California mouey is
loaned upon real estate in Jackson
county.
The Union Comity Fair commence
on Wednesday, Sept. 24, ami eoutinues
one week.
The new building of the M. E. Church
South, at Phueoix, will be dedicated
in October.
The furnace being nut up at the New
fdrian cinnabar mine will soon com
mence work.
The lime recently found on tbo Toii-
chet, 22 miles from Walla Walla, is of
llrst-'cluss quality.
The Rosebure Star says the damage
by rust iu that locality is much less
than was anticipated.
The average yield of wheat this year
throughout Walla Walla aud Columbia
counties Is 45 bushels to the acre.
Fir blocks, to make staves, are shipped
from Coos Bay to San Francisco. Large
lots of wood for matches are also sent.
The citizens of Yamhill county have
subscribed liberally for the erection of
a new college building at AleMluuviiie.
Roseburg is rapidly increasing iu size,
several costly buildings having reeeully
been erected, and more iu process of
erectiou.
Heretofore the average weight of
Walla Walla wheat has iieeii from 118
to 125 pounds er sack. This year it is
130 pounds.
Old Kitsap, the Puyallup murderer,
has been acquitted because bis miud is
unsound, lie is ninety years old and
nearly blind.
The channel of the Luckismute River
Is being cleaned out. The steamer
Nellie will carry off produce as soon as
the water rises.
W. C. Myers flue Percheron horse
"Pride of Perohe" died on tbe ISth insL,
from the effects of poison administered
by some unknown person.
A record kept bY Mr. Ream, of Eu
gene, shows that only about twenty per
rent of the usual number of deaths have
occured iu Line county duriug the year
past.
The Daily Evening Capital is the
name of an evening paper just siarted
at Salem. It is Republican in politic,
hut will give particular attention to
local allairs.
A dispatch from Victoria states that
an American vessel has been denied
a permit to take charge ot the wreck of
tbe Gem of the Ocean for the benefit of
its purchasers.
W. R. Maeumber, local of tbe Seattle
Daily Pott, aud W. M. Leach, foreman
iu the same office, were capsized in a
Rail boat On Puget Sound ou the 23d.
They were adrift four hours, aud the
former died from the exosure.
A woman witli two little children
arrived at Walla Walla last week, hav
ing come from Ohio in search ot her
husband, a follow named Chas. Cole,
who failed to meet Iter as he promised.
The good people of Walla Wallii con
tributed to relieve her distress.
Leiuteuant Joseph Neuzil, a crazy
Austrian, has started on a three-log
raft from Seattle for San Francisco. H
says it is all right if he perishes; but if
he reaches Sau Francisco, his fortune is
made; he will plaoe his eraft ou ex
hibition on Long Bridge, aud will
clear $10,000 In a week.
"U0THING NEW."
The following fable, by Mrs. Lillie
Devereux Blake, which was sent to the
St. Louis Convention, will auswer one
of the hackneyed slurs apt to be repealed
against Woman Suflrage:
rV little girt wbo had been many times to a
rich man's door begging for tbe menus of gap-
port met aim one day with the old appeal,
whereon he looked at her angrily and drove
her away, aaylng. "Why do yon always come
with the name complaint T 'I am culd and
bnngry, I am cold and hungry,' yon repeat
until I am weary of the sound. II yon only
had some new argument to use, I might listen
to yon, bat I am tired of this old story.'
Ala! sir," replied the child. -( am cold and
hungry, and until my neeeaattiea are relieved
I can only plead my cause In the name weari
ful fiMhkra."
MoKAh-Km m, when women nlead for
their libertlea and opportunttlea for aelt-sup
port, they are blamed for reratlnr the um
old argument.
Qtiile a discussion has snruiie un in
Massachusetts over the action of th n.
sessors at the City Hall in Boston, who
have informed ladies who came to l
assessed that they were to be taxed two
dollars each, presumably a poll-tax.
inasmuch as tbe ladies are allowed only
partial suffrage -the rieht to vote for
school committees they object to pay
ing twice as much as tbeir brothers do
for unrestricted ballots. This is a mat
ter so small that It was hoped gentle
men would not stoop to it.
Mrs. Harriet Eaton Stanton, dauehfor
of Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, will
make ber debut on the Lyceum platform
the coming season. Miss Stanton r.l-
uated with houors at Vasear College In
raits, and has been one year In the
Boston school of oratory. Her tliemes
win he ivlmund Burke and "A Snlid
South." EueaeementH nan Im nimln
with her throueh Slavtou's Lvceiim
Bureau, 122 La Salle Street, Chicago,
ill.
The Indiana Legislature last Wluter
elected Miss Maggie Fitzgibbon State
Librarian. Subsequently, Miss Maggie
married Assistant Secretary of Slate,
W. A. Peelle. Result, confusion in the
rural Democratic press, which is seri
ously saying: "Tbe question now is,
what name will she attach to Stale pa
peis? She is no loncer Maeeie Filz-
glbbou, and the official records do not
recognize her as Mrs. Peelle."
The sum of $32,000,000 is due from the
First National Bank of New Yotk aud
the Bank of Commerce of the sume eitv
on subsurlulions to the four-per-ceut

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