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THURSDAY-... MAY 20, 1SS0.
a juht. Jirtuni; lop All Women who nant to Vote. A Maes Metlng for alt women who want to vote will be hold at Farwell Halt, Xo. IIS Mad- ison street, between Clark and LaKalln.nhi eago, III., -Wednesday, June Jd, lsso, at 10 A. M., ' uuueutsiaies who sera or sears 01 uiis call la most earnestly Invited u ue present at the meeting. If ibis is Impos sible, she is orged to send a letter or a postal card, with her name and wish expressed In her uneiesi ana strongest manner, addressed to Elizabeth Oadt Staston, President 2f.W. 8. A., Ko 4Tfi West Lake St.. Chlcaeo. Ill Letters or postals sure to reach Chicago on jane zo, can be addressed to Farwell Hall. 2fow, let as recelveat least 29103 postals, and let them be sent In ample time to reach our meeting at Farwell Hall In season. The best speakers in the United States will w present. Our delegates will proceed fmm this meeting to the Republican Nominating Convention, to present our demand for their insertion or the following: plank: Resolved, That tlio rieht of suflrace Inheres ltj the erUsen ot the United States, and we pledge ourselves -to secure protection In the exercise of this rlglitto all etMEens.lrresriectlve stitaUou. Let us meet together, and by overwhelming loree or numbers show our earnestness and our determination to secure for ourselves toe aecnowledced right of self-government. 8 08 AX S. Axtuomt, Vlce-Pres. at Large, X. W. a A. Matilda Josltx Gage, Chairman Executive Com. N. w. s. A. All papers friendly to woman's demands are requested to copy this ealL Worn en are every where urged to give It wide circulation. 1?. . S. A. 00HYENTI0H. On Tuesday and Wednesday next, at Indianapolis, Ind., will be held the twelfth annual Convention of the Na tlonal Woman Suflrage Association. This will be the most important Con vention yet held by the friends of wom an's cause. The Presidential struggle is at hand, and the two leading political parties, In their National Conventions, will make bids for the support of voters. It is already decided that the Woman Suffragists shall appeal directly to the Republicans for the adoption of a plank pledging to women the ballot. This plan of action may be altered by the Indianapolis Convention, or it may (and probably will) be heartily endorsed. It will be the aim of the women to Induce the Republicans to take the progressive step, since that party makes great pre tensions to enlighteued and advanced Ideas. But probably the party cannot be led to endorse the movement unless It can be made to see that votes will be gained by such a course. If the Repub licans fall to realize the possibilities of the situation, the Democratic and Greenback Conventions will bo waited upon In tho order of their eesslons. Under all the circumstances, a lively and vivacious time Is expected at In dianapolis, and great interest is ex pressed as to the deliberations of "the troublesome women." OOL. IT. E. KHIQHT'S POSITION. Numerous inquiries have been made In regard to the position of Col. X. B. Knight on the vital question of the day, Woman Suffrage. That tbe friends of the cause in Marion county may be led to help elect him to the State Senate, wo give, in bis own words, his endorse ment of the movement. Also, we will state that be has practically assisted In the work of voicing tbe demands of women, having been a supporter of tbe New Noethwest since Its initial num ber appeared. Thesuffragists of Marlon will support him, because he Is an able, honorable and fair-minded man. lie will be'elected by a large majority over his opponent, who is described by a cor respondent as "an unfledged Democrat, living seven hundred years too late to appreciate vomen or think they have any other rights than to cook, wash, rock cradles, or make and mend cloth ing." Tbe accompanying letter was read before the Oregon State Woman Suffrage Convention in 1ST', and is a complete acknowledgment of tbe cor rectness of tbe clalmB of women. Mr. Knight will deal justly toward women, as this will prove: SALKU, February M, lsTJ. Mns. A. V. Uowxa, Cor. Sec O. 8. W. S. A-, Salem. Oregon Madam: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt ol your Istter Inviting me to addreu the Ore gon State Woman Suffrage Association at Al bany oa the lth Inst. I regret to state that bnslness engagements will prevent me from accepting the Invitation. I cannot, however, refrain from expressing to you my warmest sympathy for the great movement In which your" Association Is engaged, and roy sincere hope to witness tbe day when the women of the Republic shall be emancipated from every legal nad political disability. An enlightened public sentiment has, during the present ctn tury, extorted from tbe lawmaking power a repeal of those laws by which woman's legal identity was entirely lost In the marital con tract, so that now she stands practically upon an equality with man before the law; and I confidently believe Uiat tbe day Is not far dis tant when she will, by the Irresistible force of pubHc opinion, enjoy, In common with him, every political privilege of an American citi zen. In the consummation of her political en franchisement I can foresee no new peril to the State, bat, on the contrary, believe It will be an additional security to liberty and a sure pledge of good government. Believing this, I have no hesitancy In assuring yon that the women of Oregon may confidently rely upon my votee and vote, at all times and In all places, to place In their bands the ballot of the eommeawealth. I am, Madam, Yoat mu.i oidient and humble servant, N. li. Knight. Hon. Sidney Dell's r-peechat Rose burg last Saturday was a masterly er fort, and as complete an exy f tbe corruption of the Oregon Kuprtmo Court as could be given In one evening Purchaser Kelly and Imbecile Tri who are attempting to stifle comment on their Judicial shortcomings, were placed in their true light before the people of Roseburg, and as a result many Democrats are said to have ex pressed a determination to help keep them at home. Tbe Republican State Ceutral Con; mlttee placed Hon. W. H. Odell in nomination for State Printer, and, it is thought he will be elected. A PBOPHETIO SIGN. Although Paul, whose writings the Methodists cherish, commanded women to "keep silence" and ask their hus bands for any desired Information, yet the General Conference of tbe M. E. Church, now in session at Cincinnati, voted to request Miss Frances Willard to address them on tho temperance question. Tbe enlightened clergymen have slighted Paul's words In fact, completely "gone back" on them and yet the Methodist Church Is not ruined. To those who have aud are maintaining a struggle to put women on an equality with men everywhere, this "condescen sion" on tbe part of tbe Conference, composed of representative ministers of the greatest of Protestant churches, Is gratifying. There was some opposition, not particularly to Miss Willard, but to extending an invitation to any one to address the Conference; but the major ity, fully cognizant of tho eloquence and ability of the lady, and appreciating hergreatefforls in behalf of temperance, was decidedly in favor of hearing her, and sho was Invited. When she re ceived the invitation, she exhibited her good sense by declining, showing the few who feared that woman's silence was forever past that she cored not to discuss the question before men who ought to bo as fully conversant with the evils of Intemperance as she. Her work Is not with those who are out of danger, but among tbe classes who overlook the evils of liquor-using. She Is particu larly interested in arousing the women of tbe country to action on tbe question; for nlnety-hundredtbs of thorn already favor tbe suppression of the whisky traffic. Miss Willard doubtless secured tbe good will of those who opposed ex tending an invitation to her, and lost no friends. She proved that a desire to "break silence" is not tho motive that impels her to the course sho has taken, but a wish to assist in the elevation of humanity. The Conference has made a concession that Is a source of much sat isfaction to the workers for equal rights, and the great Methodist Episcopal Church will be tho gainer. This sign of tbe times is prophetic, and in n score of years women will be on equal footing with men iu tho work of spreading Christianity. DOING GOOD SEBYIOE. Elsewhere will be found an interest ing letter from Union county, detailing the efforts of a few brave women to get the views of nominees for the Legisla ture on the Woman Soffraco question. Tbo ladles havo gone to work in a good manner, and the agitation will be of great help to the canse, as It will force candidates In the future to study the question, and study will soon bring them to consider the demands of their sisters favorably. Wo regret that tbo names of tbe nominees In Union county are not Riven In our correspondent's letter, that tbe women throughout the State may know who their enemies and the one friend are. However, the friend will reach tho Legislature, while three of tbe enemies must necessarily bo left. Work, ladles of Union county, for the one man who had tho courage to assert bis adherence to the (rue principles of freedom, and gain him a majority that will show hl colleagues tbe popularity of the movement; no matter to which party he may belong, labor earnestly for bis election, and teach both tho Democrats and tbe Republicans tbat your support is desirable, and you will soon be recognized as a power. If In every county In tbe State the women would display the earnestnesi which marks the action of tbe Union county suffragists, the Leglslatureof thecoming Fall would not have the courage to re sist tbo popular demand. In tbo address to the women of tbe United States, tbe Executive Committee of tbe National Woman Suffrage Asso ciation makes a point against tho Re publican party, which unfairly claims to champion freedom of the ballot and the personal rights of the citizen. Wit ness this : "Great stress Is laid by the Republicans upon the fact of tbo unlaw ful power of tbo South in Congress 'be' canse every colored man is counted to swell the representation, and yet the colored vote is trampled out and Ig nored.' What Is a voto but an author! tative expression of opinion, and yet for the hundred years and more of our country's life, In every State and Terri tory, woman has been counted In the basis of representation, to swell the power of one or the other of tbe parties in Congress and the country, while her rights of self-government have been 'trampled out and ignored.' " Mrs. M. C.CIIne, the defrauded victim of tbo same unconstitutional Supreme Court which has counted its robberies In tbe interests of wealthy clients by millions of dollars during Its briet tea- Bon of authority, has now ready for pub lication, and will soon Issue for gratul tous distribution, tbe entire legal state ment of the Greenwood will case, in tbe form of a folio newspaper. Sho does this without prospect of feo or reward, and for the sole purpose of instructing the voters of tbe State in regard to the Infamous transactions of tbe two men who are now before tbe people for re election to an office, which, itself a fraud, has been used by designing marauders upon -public and private property to prostitute tho aims of justice in a man ner that the United States Supreme Court, will not overlook when tbe facts are out. "The mills of God erlud slow. oat grind exceeding small." to tue nne8tior "What will th -Methodist church dr. for l.r Wnb.0.lblDk themselves called to preach nil ..w pMlor" "e Welcome i S Ve glTe u "P. hut In the betl da r " uufc ,a lne oetter husbandirthem infer that w.n,es. ono wonid " ""Sion irom a woman. TWO WOMEITS "BIGHTS." The National OUtttn, ot which Ma tilda Joslyn Gage is editor, is doing ex cellent work In holding up to the public numerous unfair lawe, many persona believing tbe objectionable statutes ta exist In tbe minds of women, or to be distorted out of their meaning. In tho Stato of Xew Jersey, recently, an American woman teacher, well ei ucated and refined, married a young German. He wan poor, and soon after his marriage was taketi ill. His disease proved to bo consumption. Durlug his Illness his wife teuderly cared for him, supporting him with her own money. Had It not beeu for this ten der, loving wife, his last hours would have been spent Iu the hospital or alms-house, -fur his sickness proved a mortal one. A few weeks before his death he wished to see a lawyer. His wife was surprised, as ho had no prop erty, and was dependent upon her for every comfort; thinking his desire a whim, she still, with loving fotidnesi, gratified that whim. The lawyer came. The husband and lie were doweled for an hour. In a few weeks tho husband died. The wife sincerely mourned fur him, as she sincerely loved him. A few weeks more passed aud she became a mother. As sho looked upon the tiny face of her babe and traced In it her husband's lineaments, she began to bo comforted. A few more weeks passed, and ehe was surprised by tbo entrance of two men, strangers to her. They came for her child ; they were nrmed with that dead husband's will, a will ho had executed during that hour he was closeted with the lawyer. By this will ho had given his child unborn at his death to his parents Iu Germany to be brought up. That wife and mother had no redrew, for tho child had belonged that unborn child to her dead husband not to her. Sho was simply bearing the child for him. She had no "right" to It by "law," the "laws of her country," which some women think they can trust. The child was not here, hut his. In Virginia, that grand old "Mother of Presidents," a woman was recently whipped six lashes with a cat-o'-nine tails, t. c. fifty-four blown, for "stealing" some clothing from her husband. A friend went to a lawyer to find out juat what rights sho possessed under the law." The pompous lawyer, thumbs in armholes, -heels bearing tho weight of his body, head thrown back, said, "Well, madam, you have the right to one calico drees a year, to lire euough to keep you warm, and to such food as your nusuanti cnooses to lurnisu you These are nil tbe rlgbts you possess under tho law; anything more you havo is furnished you by your husband's favor." And tbe lawyer raised himself upon his heels, as he looked half con temptuously down upon tbe little1 wom an who was questioning him. "POLITIOALSLAVEEY." One man, at least, in editing law books, has had tho candor to tell the readers of the statutes the true position which women occupy in America. Ills words aro sown where they will reap a rich harvest, as more lawyers aro found among our Legislators and Congress men than any other class. "Wo refer to Professor Walker, of Cincinnati, who, In his "Introduction to American Law," uses these memorable words, than which no more concise statement of the wrongs which women suffer can ho found : "Willi regard to political rights, women form positive exception to the general law of equality. Tbey have no parlor lot In the formation or administration of government. They cannot vote or bold office. We require them lo contribute their share in the way of taxes to the support of the Govern ment, but allow them bo voice In Itn direction. We bold them amenable to the laws, when made, but allow them no share In making them. This language applied to men would be the exact definition of political sJavery ; applied to women, custom does not teach us so to re gard It Ch. Louis Kuhn's "open letter" of ad vice to Hon. J. H. Mitchell In Monday's Oregonian is opportune, aud will doubt less prevent a serious blunder on the part of tbo ex-Senator, who is so Illy acquainted with tbe sentiment of Ore gon Republicans on tbe Presidential candidacy. Probably tbo ex-Senator does not know that tbo Renublican Convention, which cboeo him by acclo' matlon as delegate at large to Chicago, unanimously favored Blaine, and It was tbo duty of tbe German citizen to Im part tbe Information; or, perhaps Ch Louis Is not aware tbat Mr. Mitchell telegraphed to the Republican Conven tion that he Is a Blaine man. But tbe true inwardness of tho letter Is that the Oregonian desires to make Mitchell ap pear a Grant man, In order to damago his standing with his party In Oregon, Tho "only newspaper" Is aware, If Mr Kuhn is not, that tbe "opeu letter" Is impudent and without any point, and might with equal propriety be addressed to any other delegate, not excepting the editor of "the" Oregonian. Tbe Sunday Mercury's articles on J. K. Kelly will convince any one that he not only understood the cipher dispatch asking for money to "purchase Republi can elector," hut that ho composed it Tbe public never accepted as truthful his testimony tbat he did not know the rdnher's meaninc for he wrote at tbe bottom of the dispatch "I fully en dorse this," and signed his name; and now he stands condemned for perjury, He cannot oven hope that the people will trust him In the position of Chief Justice. Manv lecturers and writers on tho woman question leave out of their dls cusslons all remarks bearing on tbe right of women to tbe ballot, aud speak of policy or expediency only, maintain Ing tbat tbe age is so far advanced that no one will deny tbe right of a human 1 being to theoretical equality. EDITOBIAL O0BEESP0HDEK0E. DtlR RBADEBSOFTnEXBW KoitHtTBT: Tbe peregrinations of the undersigned feem destined to indefinite perpetuity; for, as the season advances and the weather Improves, and subscriptions ex pire, nnd moonlight evenings come, ami tbe woman movement increases in in terest, and the public meetings multi ply, there Is more and more Itinerant work continually presenting Itself for our personal consideration. When we contemplate the great galaxy of reapers for whom the harvest js already ripe In the Pacific Northwest, and then look ruefully at the one pair of willing though feeble hands engaged In the field work, the progress seems so unnec essarily slow tbat (t requires more phi losophy than we can always command to reconcile us to tho idea that the pub lic toll lias been, or is likely to be, ad justed equitably. But, constant as the work l, ami trying as some persons might consider it, there Isa vastamount of genuine enjoyment connected with it, as anybody would fiud who would uullst, not f ir a reon, but for the en tire caiiiMljfi). On Tliurrday nf hist week, while the rain was (muring, and the night, as dark as Erebus, hung over the swollen Wll lamette, wo rushed aboard the good steamer-Wide West and took refuge till the morning In a handsome state-room, above the rumbling roar of busy truoks aud trampling feet, and- listened all night loo;; to the babel of sounds that drove sweet bleep to desperation. Our destination was Vancouver, which the great craft mailt? by tlx A. 31. Here we were met by Mr. Ed. Slocum, of tho ho tel, who kindly carried tbe "Pllerim" that's our traveling basket while we walked leisurely beside him to the trav eler's home, where the good landlady was already astir, and troops of merry children ditto. Breakfast, aud then sight-teeing. Tho town has evidently awakened from lis long season of lethargy, for many signs of improvement are lo be seen on every hand. Several new and elegant residences have been ereeted since our last visit, one of the most noticeable being that of W. Byron Dan iels, whose estimable mother presides over Its destinies, though (softly be It whispered) there is strong talk that "ucarer one yot, and a dearer one," is soon coming home to assist In this labor of love. Found Mr. Daniels hard at work In his law ofllce ; also Judge Stew art, speaker of the late Territorial Leg Isiature, whom many Washingtonisns aro talking up fur Congress, and Captain bmallwoou, wbose term or Jbeueral np polnlment is soon to expire, but whoee ability as a lawyer will enable him to command an excellent practice at the bar. Found our friend Auditor Brown at work, as every good man ought to be, with his capable wife as chief assistant, and enjoyed a long call at the pteasaut home of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Cochran, who are engaged In organizing a lecture bureau. Mrs. Cochran has lately been giving some addresses at Pekin, W. T., on the woman qnesiion, wbich are highly spoken of by the local press, and we are hoping lo hear her before a Port- laud audience at an early day. Mr. S. D. Maxon, who from the beginning of the publication of this journal has been one of Its stanchest allies, has lately been suffering from an acute neuralgic affection, which has resulted in tbo loss of his right eye; but we found him hopeful aud cheerful, aud trust ere long to be able to chronicle his complete re covery. Air. Maxon has been much allllcted with a dislocated ankle during the Winter. Mrs. Sperry, a dear friend of the long ago, Is very low witli con sumption ; but none of the good people named permuted their physical, or temporal ills to dampen their enthusi asm over the one live issue of the day which Is human liberty. An hour was most agreeably spent at the pleasant home of the Haydcns, wbose fruit farm, llko that of the Lamberts or Luelllngs of Milwaukle, Is a vision of paradise Made a good visit and spent tho night at tbo elegant new Daniels residence before tpoken of, aud could not but wish that all the young men and women Iu the couutry would eavo their dimes, quarters aud dollars, as the owner of this homo has done, until they can make a like showing of thrift and enter prise. Vancouver Is the most prettily situ ated towu of the Pacific Northwest, and one cannot but wander that Portland did not plant herself and grow there, upon the banks of tbo Columbia, instead of a dozen miles further inlaud, ou the Willamette. Property has advanced considerably in value, though the con tested claims of a number of trouble some heirs havo unsettled a good many titles. It will take humanity a long time to learn tbe great, Important fact tbat tbe earth is our common mother, and that It Is not the land, but the Im provements upon it, that are every body's rightful possession. ' Arrangements were made by our friends for lectures on Wednesday and Thursday evenings of this week, after which we engaged a seat in the over land hack and departed for Portland and home. The way led across the Colum bia by Captalu Willis's steam ferry, where the river at this seasou of the year is several miles In width and occu pies half an hour Iu the crossing. Tbe Immense bridge across the lowlands was next encountered; and certainly we do not blame tbe Vancouver folks for be ing proud of this structure, which Is a grand triumph of the art of A. S. Miller & Son, builders. Off the bridge and Into the mud we plunged, the ride for an hour taking us through muck and mire and past stumps and logs and over knolls and ridges. Then came a pretty stretch of upland road, and after tbat East Portland, the Stark-street ferry, and home. Vancouver has much faith In a plank road to Portland, but tbe cit izens express little confidence in the nartow-gauge railroad enterprise. Tho East Portland open temperance meeting, which for more than a year psst has been a noted feature of the olty's sooial life, is still booming, under the leadership of its able founder and President, Rev. Mr. Dennlson. On last Monday eveuing we aecepted an invita tion to address this meeting, and, upon entering the M. E. Chureh, were greeted by a rousing house and much enthusi asm. The singing by the choir was ex cellent, Mr. Dennlson's hits were happy, and friend Cason's Idea-j cooJ. Rev. Mr. Wolverlon of Portland made a brief address, ami the undersigned attempted to do likewise. A (ire alarm was sounded just as we were getting under full sail ; but the ruse didn't work. A few (toys started t run at tbe first tap of lite tire-bell, but a word of-explana tion instantly quieted the incipient panic, aud gave us a grand opportunity to forget both brevity and solemnity. At the clwe of the epeech, aud when there had been mote singing ami a good deal of pledge signing, It was unanimously voted ilial wesiiould innkt otir arrangements to meet w.lh thin, again on uext Monday evening. At thin writing (Wednesday) we are again at Vancouver, whence you shall hear more anon. A.S I). Vancouver, May 19, 1S80. TJHIOK GODHTY WOBKEBS. La Grande, May 14, 1SS0. To tub KnrroKoF the Kbw Xobtuwest: Having received some tracts from the National Woman Suffrage Association, I decided to wait upon the county con ventions and opn the campaign in Union county. Accordingly, Mrs. Hen- dershott, Mrs. Ames. Mrs. II. Eaton and myself attended the Democratic Con vention. After the business of tlto Convention was finished, the ladles, by vote of the Convention, wore Invited to address the meeting. Beiug called, I stated briefly, as I uu derstood It, the plan nf the National Woman Suffrage Association for the Presidential campaign; also, that we expected to petition our State Legists ture this Fitll, and would like to know whether tho candidates nominated for the Legislature would respect our rlgh of petition, or would presume to know the needs aud wants of womeu better than thousands of the best women of the State, and some of the men too, for we intended to get a few men to sign our petition. The nominee for Stale Senator was called, aud said pluinly that he was op posed to the movement, and would never consent to drag tbe women down In the "filthy pool of'politics." One of tbe nominees for Representa tive dodged with the shallow pretext that he had never given the question a thought. Tbe other nominee for Representative came bravely to the front ami cham pioned our cause. Mrs. Hemleraliott was called, aud made some very appropriate remark", which were well received by the audi ence. Ou Saturday the Republicans held their Convention, and ijuite a number of ladies attended. As the women bad no votes and were not a money power, they reeelved no recognition. But, uot belug willing to dowu at the bidding of any party, we waited till tbe Convention was through, when I made a few re marks, in substance the same as at the Democratic Convention, aud asked, on behalf of the womeu of Oregon, and of Union county In particular, to hear from the Republican caudldatea. The audience, appreciating our plunk, or wanting to see fair play, called loudly for the nominee for State Senator, but he failed to appear. One of the nominee fr the lower House, belug culled, came forward and made quite a speech about u great many other things, and finally reached the petition question; but there he got mud dled. This took some of the ladies by surprise, as tbey had counted him os a friend, aud consequently were not pre pared to bear him state, that he would bo guided by circumstances or condi tions; but he failed to tell under what situation ho would respect our petition. We havo succeeded In agitating the question, if nothing more. L. F. Proebstei. P0LI0Y VS. EIGHT. " What If the foot, ordained tbe dost to tread. Or hand, to toil, aspired to be the head V By every revealed law of Holy Writ, by every Instinct, by established order, woman's Inferiority is proven beyond a doubt. Then why the useless badinage of words about iquality? Tbe repeated attempts at self-government of such a class only blunt tbe Instruments em ployed and prove tbo impregnability of ourloog-establlahedaudmuch-cberished Institutions. When Woman Sufirnge becomes a question of jHjffcy, we'll consider it; as a right, never ! For lnstauce, It may be well to give the ballot to women, if their voles are needed to oflVet the power of the Chinese. In San Jose there has been quite a revival of the womanish nonsense. Where will -it end? Caunot some one quiet this constantly-recurring clamor? Nemo. San Jose, Cal. The telegraph daily brings account of the condition of the Pope. If he re mains in Rome all Summer, his life will pay the forfeit, or be materially shortened ; but he is "not prepared to face the storm of opposition, reproaches and menaces he will have to encounter if he goes to Peruvla." Verily, Catho lics are queer beings, to object to their bead's prolonging his life by a Sum mer's recreation. Lady Charlotte Bacon, widow of General Bacon, daughter, of Edward Ha r ley, fifth Earl of Oxford, and one of the famou3 beauties of the early part of the ceutury, who died in Loudon re cently, was the Lady Charlotte Ha r ley to whom Byron refers In his poem to "I an the," which forms tbe prologue lo "Chllde Harold." THE IflsT SHAME OF MAINE. Everybody, says tbe Woman's Jour nal, remembers the desperate endeavor lately, made by Republicans in Maine to prevent the disfranchisement oi a lew men of that party whose votes had been thrown out by tbe Democrats. They told how documents were toru, letters scratched to alter names, and all -the dishonorable meanB used to deprive them of their rights. crime against the rights of men had beon committed. It must uot be al lowed. The hue ami cry so justly raised about it created discussion all over tbe United States. Maine became one great stamping ground of Republicans, who contended with hot words for their "con stitutional rights." Ministers preached about it, editors wrote about It, women prsyrd about it, and in the end the dis franchised and unseated Republicans got their rights. Then they settled into quiet possession of the State House with t lie comfortable assurance that there would not soon be another attempt to llefranohise them. ThU vehement ellort encouraged the women of Maine, who for many years have tried to secure their political rights. Presuming that those who had shown such zeal to defend aud keep their own rights would respect the rights of others, the women of Maiue petitioned to be made secure in their right to vote. One petition ran thus : To the Senate and Home of Representatives of the Slate ot Maine : The undersigned, disfranchised women of Maine, who feel as keenly a some ol yon have lately been made to feel the evils ol a ditfraa eblsed condition, pray yoor honorable bodies to take sueh steps for the amendment of the Constitution as shall prevent any citizen of this Slate from being disfranchised on account of sex. But, as this might be considered per sonal, the following petition was substi tuted: To the Senate and Hoase of Representatives of the State of Maine : We, the anderslgned, residents of and citizens oi the ntate of Maine, twenty-one years of age and upwards, re-pectfully pray yoor honorable bodlei to enact a law enabling women to vote la ibebool district meetings and for school officers; alw, to take steps so to amend tbe State Constitution as to establish the equal political rights of all American eiti zens. Irrespective ot sex. This petition, with several hundred names, was referred to the Judiciary Committee. In due time this commit tee reported, "The petitioners have leave to withdraw." The women of Maine number hun dreds of thousands. To deprive them of their right to vote, tbe Bill or Rights of the State of Maine, which afUrms "Po litical power Inheres In the people," is trampled under foot. The theory of our Government about "the consent of the goverued" Is utterly ignored. Women are governed, and women are people. But these men, who in their own case made the welkin ring when a single let ter scratched out in a name cheated a fe.w men of their right to vote, will not hesitate to ignore their own Bill of Rights, and the fundamental principle of the Government itself, tbat they may keep women from their rights. Tbe action of the fuslonists of Maine, and of those they sought to disfranchise, is historic ; so is that of the Legislature of that State, which has just closed its session. Iu the coming time, when the two are compared, shame and discredit will attach to both. But tbe larger hare will forever cling to those who, having come out victorious In a contest for their right to vote, coolly denied tbe same right to their own mothers, sisters, wives ami daughters. lirj. Frank Leslie has removed from 511 to 21 Fifth Avenue, in tbe vicinity of Washington Park. The lady is fill ing the editorial chair formerly occu pied by her late hnsband in the Frank Leslie establishment a position fur which by education, experience and natural ability she is well fitted. Sbe is regularly at the editorial desk, aud tue printers come to her for "copy nnd for directions as to the make up of the diifereut periodicals just as they would to a "abler of the sterner sex. And she meets their demands, says the Home Journal, In a prompt and bus! nets-like way. Writing articles for uewenapers and preparing mauascripts for printers is not a novel employment fur Mrs Leslie. A lady who attended tbe Workiog meu's Congress in Paris was very en thusiastic about it, and especially so concerning the speech of Madame Raoult, or as sbe is culled there, Citi zen es Rnoult. It would seem that, small as women's wages are here, aud hard as tbey have to labor, it is worse even In Paris and throughout France. There the convents undersell them by taking garments from the manufacto ries, and have them made at a merely nominal price. Tbe nuns also do wash ing, and by that means deprive honest laboring women of a chance to earn a livelihood. This is occasioning much hard feeling amoog thevorklng classes. Woman's Words Is authority for say ing that the law of Maryland Incapaci tates a colored woman from testifying to the paternity of an illegitimate oh I Id born to her, so that tbe father caunqt be required to give bonds for its support. "At every session of tho Legislature," adds the American, "bills are Intro duced to strike the word 'white' out of the act, but the Democratic majority guards that restriction as If it were the palladium of their liberties." At tbe recent applied science exhibi tion, Paris, M. Riolmrd, a clothier, ex- nimieu a motor wuicu was turned by a poodle dog, confined In a revolving cage. The dog was able to drive four sewing-machines. Tlie&ienifcylmer- iean remarks that women who have heretofore been accustomed to support their poodle dngs In idleness may now make them useful. Gi e a Congressman an ax to grind, and he will want some other party lo turn the grindstone. BUBAL JtDBIHOS. Mrs. Kve!in Maxon, an Indilatrioas and enterprMne woman, a woaid-be voter in the rural districts, who is en gaged in. raising poultry, and is doing housework, dairy work, laundrywork and needlework in the bargain, writes us tbat she is rearing poultry for market with good success. She chooses the largest breeds for. ber busices, and each year reserves tbe largest members of tbe liock for tbe next year's stock. But, while "be N )hu buey with her baud-', her mind Is not idle, as the following brief essay fiooi ber pen will prove : As new life is awakened in theerewhiledend vegetation, we are reminded that Spring ia here. And, as Nature's God la busy, with un seen lingers, laying tbe foundation for forth coming beaatyand loveliness, we cannot but panseand wonder at the mysterious perfection of Nature's laws. And yet, how unrelenting and uncharitable they are when perverted or defrauded of their rightful heritage. The se cret of t'f and growth Is Ineomprebenslblt-. Tbe muiicat little daisy that grows at my bum ble doorstep, where we have every opportunity to watch the progMss oi Its growth. Is taking on the most delicate tints of loveliness, and yet we cannot see it grow; we cannot watch the process by wbich It changes. We only know that it has changed. Yes, life Is a mys teryJut as incomprehensible in the little daisy as In ourselves. A little while ago the earth W3S frozen, and the chill air filled the Wintry world with the presence of death. Bat after a while the unchanging and yet ever changeable power we call Qod speke the Spring sunshine into being, and Nature obeyed the summons, and, in obedience to the eternal decree, the seeming dead sprang Into life, IU onrreata began to circulate, and with a mys lerioos activity they emerged from the grave. XJfe Is a mystery, bat death is not annihila tion ; for. in all the boundless universe, there to nothins that can be destroyed. Ufe is a mystery, bnt death is a myth. There la no death. STATE AUD TKBBlTOKlai. Reports come from Milwaukle of the discovery of gold. TbeSilvertou Appeal will be issued on Saturday of eacu week. The out-worm Is doing some damage to wheat in the vicinity of Weston. Mrs. Laura Stepbeson has been ap pointed postmaster at Fort Clatsop. Pierce eouuty, W. T., bad $3,706 in the treasury at tbe annual settlement. Murphy, who muidered French at Heppuer, has beeu arrested at Pendleton. - A large deposit of iron ore has been discovered nine miles from Olynipia, W.T. Major Jos. Magnne is tbe Republican nominee for State Senator in Grant county. The Universalis! Convention will be held at Dallas, Polk county, on the 'Jtb of June. The people of Ashland are making efforts to abolish the saloon recently started there. Otympiaps are diseassing the feasi bility of making a deep channel through tbe mud flats. A chunk of ton coal fell on aud killed John Thomas in tbe New Castle (W. T.) mine ou tbe nth. Silvertoti maintains a nine-mouths public school. There is a present attend ance of 41 scholars. The tax levy of Walla Walla county, W. T., this year, was $48,225, of which but $2,591 Is uncollected. Post offices have been established at West Uuiou, Washington county, and Meadow, Umatilla county. Well-informed persons say that Mr. Jag. A. Yantis will undoubtedly be elected Prosccutlog Attorney ot theSec oud District. King county, W. T., gives a bounty of $3 for blaek bear and $1 for wildcats. Pierce county gives $4 for tbe former and $2 for tbe latter. The Red Men's celebration, held in Jacksonville on tbe 12th and 13th inst., was the grandest demonstration ever held in Southern Oregon. The school-house on Young Mountain, Umatilla county, was burned last week. It bad just beeu refitted. Tbe Are was tbe work of au incendiary. A man near Silverton harvested six tous of hopi from five acres of grouud, n I he sold for $3,372. They were raised in Silver Creek bottom. Tie directors of tbe Wasco Academy, The Duties, have levied a 10 per cent i tax on tbe capital stock of the company. It is determined to erect buildings at an early day. Tho town of Heppner, in Umatilia eouuty, shows all tbe signs of rapid and permanent profc ress. The citizens are public spirited, intelligent, and allow no trivial matters to Create diecord in the work of advancing all tbat pertains to tbe interests of the place. W. II. C. Lorr, for some time night clerk at tbe Occidental Hotel In Cor vaiiis, msde an lueflectual attempt on tbe life of a Mrs. Longdoo, at Dallas, on layt Friday, and then committed sui cide. A letter indicates poverty as the cause of his death, bat no explanation cast be given of bis attempt ou Mrs. L.'s life. POBBHWHEWS. The Ministerialists carried the Italiau election. . The Falk laws of Germany are to he modified. There is great revival of tbe slave trade on the Red Sea. Tbe chances for a peaceful settlement of disturbances in Cabal are good. Recent reports of the famine In Persia are authenticated by a missionary. Rou mania ami Bulgaria are com pletely estranged, aud war is ImminentV Among the Jews ordered to lenve St. Petersburg is a cittzeu of the United Slates. Farnell has been cboeen sessional chairman of the Home Rale meeting at Dublin. The Powers propose an international commission to manage the financial aflairs of Turkey. Masters In Padesam, Clitbers and Great Harwood, England, are consider ing the advisability of a general lockout in order to stop a strike. The Mexican Government Is takinz prompt steps to crush the revolution of Marquez, who proclaims neither moral ideas nor political principles. It Is proposed to liberate 200 political prisoners in St. Petersburg and 4,000 throughout the Russian Empire, and re lieve 11,000 from surveillance. Tbe German Catholics are making a determined- fight for the repeal of tbe May laws. Their press has undertaken a general crusade to exeite hatred and mistrust against the Government. Three of five of the steamship Amer ica's boats have been picked up. The passengers were landed at Grand Basin. The British steamer Seuegal took" them to Grand Canary Island, where she struck a sunken rock, and was run ashore to save life. The twice-wrecked crowd aro in a sad plight.