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I r' r! "I BUMWH PIIBIUH1.N0 TOMPAM. Proprietors A Journal for the People. Devoted to the Interests or Humanity. Independent In Polities and rtellgion. Alive to all Live Issues, and Thoroaghl IUdlcal in Opposing" and Exposing 1" " Wrongs of tho Masses. OFFICE Cor. Front A Yi'a8HI.nio.v5trebt TKRM8, IX ADVANCE : Correspondents wrltlngoverassumed sign tares mast make known their names to Hi. Editor, or no attention will be given to Ibeli communications. ADVERTISEMENTS inserted on Keton- PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, JTJX.Y IS, 1880. NTJ5IBER -11. ble Terms. o ne yer -fr" 81x DHttt 1 60 1 Three monthi 1 Fhee Speech, Free Press, Fbee People. MRS. HARDIN E'S WILL. Br ABIGAIL 80OTT DOXIWAV, ACTUM mr "JUIHIU KKItV HAW IW1." "ahib akd Mmtr lbs." "the haptt MOMS." "MA DOII XMUKi," "FACT, rm A.VH PAKCT," nr., xrc, ktc Eatar4.aoninltacto Act of Cnncraa.tn the jemr URt, In dw OMto of toe Librarian of Con- tress at Waahlngloa, DlC.J CHAPTER XXXV. MBS. HAKDDfM WIU. "I mo no need of unseemly baste In examining tbe will," saW Airs. Tirzab Hardlne. "I never shall forget bow mortified I was over tbe will of Father Hardlne; and tbe quarrels that grew oat of It are a humiliation to me to this day. "What is your opinion about tbe matter, 'Liza?" "I have nothing to say," was tbe strangely apathetic answer. "Do with the whole baelnee as seems best in your sight. I can only think of my mother now. Poor dear, departed darling ! If I only eould have been near ber at tbe last ! Ob, why is It that this world is so full of disappointments and sorrow?" And for tbe first time the bereaved daughter found vent In tears. "Yonder comes Israel Sapplngton !" exclaimed John Hardlne. "Hewasone of the witnesses of the will, and we'll have it read in bis presence. "Ob, don't.'" cried 'Lize, upstarting In an outburst of grief. "Let us thiuk of something else to-day besides merce nary affairs." John Hardlne gated at bis sister with a look so strangely like that of bis father whenever sinister motives bad stirred him to action, that 'Lize was greatly agitated. That look meant mischief, and she knew it. "I propose to have tbe will examined mow, so we may know at ooee Just what notion tbe crazy oh! woman bad in her bead," be said, with a slgulfieant griu. "I've known for tbe past ten years that she wasn't right In her mind." "For shame, Jobu 1" cried Sally lUdgeway. "How can you speak like this of our mother, and she hardly yet eokl In ber grave 7" "Shut your bead !" was ttye ungra cious answer. "What do you know about business, seeing you're only a woman V "Women know that disrespectful ut terances In reference to one's mother are not to be tolerated by surviving sisters, even if the man who is so unprincipled as to utter them is that mother's un grateful son and their own shameless brother!" exelalmed Mrs. Peter Tubbs, who had been suddenly aroused from ber apathetic state by her brother's wants, and now came forward and con fronted him with flashing eyes and biasing cheeks, her whole form quiver Ins with indignation, grief and excite ment. "There's method in tbe hussy's mad- Dees, Judge," said John Hardlne, who still grinned significantly. "Never you mind 'Llze's tantrums. She always was a wildcat. When you've once read the will, you'll understand the motive that induces ber vehement defense of a erasy old woman, wbo was bedridden and speechless at one time for years. Let her rave. It won't alter the facts In ttteoee." Israel Sapplngton was by this time in their midst, witnessing a tumult of half emotbeeed excitement that astonished him. Dave, tbe superannuated oracle, atone had tbe presence of mind to oiler him a chair. "Mrs. Hardlne left a will, as you know, aud I have thought it advisable, seeing all the family were now present, to have tbe will read at once, that It .may be immediately admitted to pro bate," said John Hardlne, addressing the visitor. "Where Is the will ?" was the quiet "There, la mother's prl vatetecretary," answered Tirzah, wbo bad in late years been a warm friend of ber motber-in-law. But tbe key to a particular drawer wae missing, and, after an hour's search, Judge Hardpan suggested breaking tbe lock, and John Hardlne agreed to tbe proposal. "It seems such sacrilege," said 'Llze, 'for the surviving oblldren to be so eager to enrloh themselves at their dead parents' expense, why couldn't we wait? Maybe we'd find the key. You all know that mother never could bear to see anything broken or wasted. It seems to me as though her silent protest was In the very air." "Observe, Judge Hardpan," said ber brother, with another significant grin, "that 'Lize is the only one of us wbo protects so much against this business. She has some sinister motive behind it all, I'll warrant. You'll understand it before tbe reading of the will is over." "I objected to the Indecent baste with which you pounced upon my father's will, as all of you who were present re member. You also recollect that my share In that great legacy was the old hand loom that now forms tbe frame of b nlg-sty In the back yard. I know there is a better fortune in store for me In my mother's will, forjudge Hardpan osce told me so. But I feel awfully outraged over tbe baste we're In to get to quarreling over ber hard-earned pos sessions. I know there will be quarrel ing, and I'd like to put the evil day oO as loner as possible." "And how do you know there will be auarrellne?" asked John Hardlne, with a profusion of winks at his friend, tbe Judce. "I know It because I know tbe dispo sition of John Hardlne !" was the scorn ful reply. Tbe lock to the private drawer was broken, but no will was to be found. "Thank Ood !" said 'Lize, devoutly, "Now we shall have no trouble among ourselves, for all eon be divided equally among us, sbare and share alike." "Not much it won't! Not if the court knows himself!" exelalmed Judge Hardpan, pulling out tbe drawer and fetching from behind It a huge buff en velope. "Here's Mrs. Hardlne's will." Silence fell at once upon tbe awaiting and expectant heirs. Tbe news of tbe will, with vague rumors of Us contents, bad been circulating among them for mouths. "I hope poor 'Lize will get tbe lion's share this time, for she deserves it," said Tirsab, In a tearful whisper, as though speaking to herself. "So does the devil deserve It !" ejacu lated John Hardlne. Judge Hardpan made slow and bung' ling work of reading tbe will, aud It was Anally handed over, with apparent re luctance, to Israel Sapplngton Again, as In tbe reading of tbe senior Hardlne's will, I will pass over the numerous technicalities and complex verbosity of tbe legal document, and content myself with interpreting for the reader's benefit tbe practical facts.. "I will and bequeath to my daughter, Sally Hurdine lUdgeway, my Jersey cow Laura ' "That cow's dead !" cried the benefi ciary, In surprise. "If she survives me " "The cow or the daughter?" asked Jobu -Hardlne, with a grating laugh. "Tbe ok woman's proved ltereelf crazy already." "Bat, should I survive her, the next direct Issue of said cow shall be the said daughter's property." "That never was her way of wording au idea," said 'Lize, Impatiently. "Whatever else my dear mother might have passed for, nobody who knew ber would believe her an Idiot!" "To my son, John Hardlne, I be queath my spinning-wheel and my blessing. He will find the whsel in the loft of the old cabin, In a good slate of preservation." "A match for 'Lize's loom !" said Tir zab, laughing, in spite of herself. John Hardlne was livid with rage and indignation. He trembled violently, but did not attempt to speak. Tir rail's laugh was contagious. Every body caught it but John himself. 'Lize buried her face in her handkerchief and reproaohed herself for tbe mirth she could not restrain. "May the wheel be of as much use to John as my daughter Eliza's loom has been to ber," continued the will, "ami may my son remember that with what measure be metes It shall be measured to him again." "Strange wording for a will," said Judge Hardpan. "I told you my mother was mad !" cried John Hardlne. "Mo mpfml iIati mn!iiMui dull. A exclaimed Dave, the oracle. "I will and bequeath to my beloved daughter Eliza, wbo took sole care of me without fee or reward during the years of my paralytic helplessness, aud who, of all my children, Is the only one wbo never spoke to me unkindly, my homestead or Donation Laud Claim of three hundred and twenty acres." "Whew!" cried John Hardlne. "It is also my will that my daughter Eliza should reside upon aud cultivate the same, using at all times ber own discretion in. its management. But, should she not wish to reside upon the land, then I wish her to place a member of the Hardlne family no matter how many generations removed, but always a relative (through her mother's branch) a tenant upon tbe same; such a person as will keep the place In good order, as a memento of tbe pioneer whose home It has been since tbe days when Oregon wa9 a primeval wilder nest." "Didn't I telhyou the old womau waB crazy 7" cried John. "Why, she was crazier than a moon-struck bed-bug! Whoever beard of such a will ?" "Mother Hardlne was eccentric and peculiar, but she wasn't daft," quietly remarked Joe lUdgeway. "No more daft in her will than In anything else," responded Tlrzah Har dlne. "Mother always was peculiar, but I don't know of anybody wbo bad a better right to be. It was always a bobby of hers to keep her iiome In ber family, and thus perpetuate ber name." "I'm sure 'Liza's welcome to tbe homestead if she wants it," said Sally Rldgeway. "The rest of have more land than we can cultivate, the Lord knows, and 'Liza hasn't any. For my part, I consider tbeeprovisions of mother's as being wise In tbe extreme. PeterTubbs can never ouet 'Liza from this home, for tbe conditions of the will will protect t i, i -i i . . in her her rights." "D n the will I" said John Hardlne. "You interrupt the reader," mildly expostulated Judge Hardpan. "I further bequeath to tbe said Eliza Hardlne Tubbs tbe sum of ten thousand dollars in bank certificates, which she will And attached to tbe margin of this document, and which are to be hers in dividually to have and to hold, without any restrictions whatsoever.'.' "More evidence of insanity !" growled John Hardlne. "Tbe old woman never made such a will as that of her own ac cord. You needn't tell me!" and he shook his head Insinuatingly. "Judge Hardpan, 'Lize can't give mo nuthin. She had" hand In making that will." "But I swear I iltiMt!" cried 'Lize, hotly. "Here's a letter that may possibly throw some light on tbe subject," said Judge Hardpan. "I've looked carefully among the papers, and I find no evi dence to prove that any of her other children have taken tbe same pains as Mrs. Tubbs to influence their mother to undue partiality in making her will." "Let me see that letter, please," sold Mrs. Tubbs. "Let her," growled John Hardlne, rubbing bis bands In a sort of glee over bis own pun. "No, I profer to read it myself. This fis an important document." "But this Is not a legal court, Judge Hardpan. Give mc my letter, I say. You're meddling with that which doesn't concern you." Judge Hardpan.wiuked at John Har dlne. "Read It aloud," said that worthy, who bad suddenly changed his mind. Judge Hardpan proceeded to read, amid tbe general silence of his auditors. "It's easy enough to see now why It was that 'Lize got the old woman's property. She systematically bored for It," said John Hardlne. t Tbe insulted woman rose to ber feet and confronted her defamers. Judge Hardpan, you are a designing villain, and you kuow It!" she ex- olalmed, while fairly quiverlug with ex citement. shall flue you, niudaai, for con tempt of court 1" "But the court is not In session." "I'd have you to know, you sassy lade, that this court Is alwavs in session. I and always an object of contempt !" That latter remark Is wholly unnec essary, sir," sbo replied, with ineflable scorn. I know It, mom," he answered, without perceiving the self-evident sar casm. "You, sir, oaroe to me with the first Intimation that I. had concerning my mother's will. After I bad fed ynu, I took my seat, and In the fullness of my heart I wrote that letter. It was writ ten, I reiterate and afllrm, after the will was made; and In it I expressed' my honest and afleclionate solicitude for my mother's health, and my earnest de sire that she should deny herself noth ing that would make her declining days comfortable. If that be uudue ititlu- ence, make tbe most of It." I shall, mom; I shall. You see, you'll find it hard to prove that thh letter was not written before tbe will was made. It Isn't dated." "Then you'll find It equally hard to prove that It was written before the making of tbe will. It's a poor rule that won't work both ways," was the qulek rejoinder. Tbe Judge was not c rapid thinker aud this unexpected sally silenced him for the nonce. "Let us finish die reading of the will," said Israel Sapplngton. "I will and bequeath to each of nuy other children, all and separately, au equal proportion of the undivided live stock of which I may die possessed ; the division to bo made by themselves through two such arbitrators as they shall mutually agree upon, tliee two to select a third for final adjudication In all selections where they shall fail to agree." Again I pause to remind tiie reader that I am eliminating from the original document the tedious verbosity that would, if admitted, mar the meaning of this otherwise faithful translation "And so all the rest are well remem bered, and I'm cut otl with the old splnnlng-wbeel !" cried John Hardlne. "'Lize, you hussy! you needu't preach to me.' I know tarnation well that you had a hand In this business !" "Did you have a hand in making my father's will, John? Tbo will that be queathed to me my mother's old loom aud left you rich ?" "A plain admission that you've been inciting your mother to spite-work,-mom," said Judge Hardpan. "If I believed in physical argument, and this was not a house of mourning, I'd horsewhip both of you !" said 'Lize, her voice husky with smothered Indig nation. "And you claim that women are protected and supported by men, do you ? A fig for such protection ! I never bad anything to do with law, lawyers or law-suits, but I am deter mined to fight for my rights lutblscase. And I'll win them, too see if I don't!" "And I Intend to contest the will!" said John Hardiue. "By tbe terms of the will, I am to take possession at once," quietly an swered Mrs. Peter Tubbs. "And to you, my brothers and sisters, who have not I joined in this disgraceful attack upon . ... ..... . my honor, I will say that I bad no more to do with making our mother's will In my favor than you had. I would have scorned to ask ber to do such a thing. Nevertheless, I believe tbe conditions just. You well know that I burled my chances for success In life in the sick- bed of our poor mother In the long gone years. Had It not been for that, I would not now be Mrs. Peter Tubbs. Who and what I am as Mrs. Tubbs, you all know. My mother knew also, and she was deeply grieved because our father cut me off without property when' I needed it so much, and when I was certainly as deserving of it as John Har-J dine or Judge Hardpan, whoso already large possessions were nearly doubled by his bequest. I scorned to sue for my rights, though I could have done It had I been willing to be represented by an other whom tbe law makes ray execu tive, but whom I kuow was not entitled to it auy more than any other man, lua strict moral sense. I would not suo; but now, if I am sued, I shall contest the matter to the bitter end. I should wrong my mother's hallowed memory if I did not carry out her voluulary wishes. I knew her too well to believe for an instant that she was unduly in fluenced by anybody in dictating the terms of her will." "But she was crazy!" cried John Hardiue. "Crazy only for au opportunity to do right," said Tirzab, firmly. "Another bit o your slack, wife, and I'll shut your jaw with my kuuckle !" was the quick conjugal reply. Tirzab turned ashy pale and shrauk back In the chimney corner, wounded to the quick. "John Hardiue, you're a demon!" exolaimed 'Lize, hotly. ."Would to heaven that I had not been so wickedly unwiso as to urge poor Tirzab to con tinue to share your lot for one minute after you proved yourself a perjured villain before you were tweuty-four hours married !" "Ob, no! ou don't want any quarrel ing in the house of mourning! It's somebody else! What a lamb you are, to be sure!" "I beg your pardon," she said, burst ing into tears, and turning to each oue of the excited throng. "I did not mean to lose my temper. John Is at liberty to remove his spinning-wheel, Sally can have her cow, aud the rest can choose their referees aud divide their stock whenever they are ready. I shall send for my family and begiu at once to carry out the conditions of my part of my mother's will." "And I'll contest the whole business in tbe Probate Court !" exclaimed John Hardlne, shaking his fist violently in his sister's face. "Did I contest our father's will, John?" "That was diilereut. You're only a woman !" She turned away from him in disgust, and went about ber. duties, si!ently weeplug. I To be eouUnued.l The Kisgof Death. In Titusville, Pa., a few days aco, Mrs Joseph Bushnell died from the effects of klsslug the dead body or her father ten days ago while atteudlng his funeral lu Pittsburgh. Her father died of erysipe las, and at the time mentioned she had a sore on her lips, through which her blood was poisoned. Her little daugh ter, Ella, is uot expected to live from kissing her mother. Exeliangc. The kissing of dead bodies is a relic of barbarism, as clearly so as are any and all other modes of treating dead bodies ns it tlie spirit still dwelt lu them. Ma ture, by inaugurating immediate disso lution and renderiug contact poisonous, is peremptory in her mandate that we no longer respect tho dead body as the abode of tho living person. Yet this worship of the dead lingers everywhere, aud everywhere carries Its punishment with it In New Orleans, the dead are buried in ovens above ground because the superstition of the people leads them to think it sacrilege to bury the dead In moist ground, or!n a grave that fills with water. Hence, every atom ot the bodies returns a3 effluvia into the atmosphere, sooner or later, aud doubt less aids in generating tbe pest of the Mississippi alley yellow fever. In Arabia, millions of pilgrims gather nn- nually to adore the dead relics of Maho met, aud, being Inadequately provided for, on their journey, and while stop ping at tbe tomb of the prophet, they generate Asiatic cholera, aud send It over the world as a punishment for su perstition, i'ernaps behind these pun ishments nature may bava some impor tant scientific revelation to make known, which shall give us a clearer knowledge of the means by which both the germs of death and the ccrms of life operate. Meanwhile, however, those who are most natural and unaffected In lettiug the dead alone will outlive those who allow their grief to become dramatic at tbe funeral. J!. J Journal. Photographs that Wixk. The last new kink In photography surpasses tbe Ingenuity of the man who Invented the spirit photographs, and suggests bow handy it would have been had that crafty person added this to his devices. A Frenchman takes one negative of a sitter with open eyes. Then he makes the sitter shut bis eyes and remain in exactly tbe same position while another negative is taken. The two negatives are printed on tbe same paper, one on each sldeexactlycolnclding. When this double-faced picture is held in proper position before the lamp, and tbe lamp is rapidly moved or caused to flicker, the curious effect Is produced of long continued winking. It is. not claimed that a person looks more beautiful when he keeps winking, but it caunot be de nied that It gives one a very interesting appearance. Philadelphia fiecord. A musical Instrument, however excel lent, without a competent performer, Is nf nn use: aud a person, thouzh beaute ous In form, without loving qualities of mind, could never necome an agreeable companion, but would freeze the genial flow of soul and become distasteful. Compulsory attendance upon school Is now the law In Iowa. IEEE SCHOOLS. BY C. W. COOC A recent number of the Advance pub lished an Important article entitled 'tParochlal Schools." After observing tbe promptness with which the Catho lics are establishing and supporting these, the writer says: Tbe time Is not far distant when a lnrge pro portion. If not the majority, or Itoman Catho lic children will be furnished with the means of education In tbe parochial schools. Then will arise a demand either for emancipation from I he requirement of taxation for the sup port of public schools or for a division and al lotment of their sbare of tbe fund thus pro duced. This demand wilt be successful In spite of opposition, for It will be founded on tbe eternal principle of Justice. For one, I confess that I was not pre pared to see such ground tajten by so Protestant a sheet as the Advance. (It Is held by many that Catholicism desires the destruction of our common school system ; that she teaches that "Ignor ance is tho mother of devotion;" that sbo desires tbe masses to be ignorant; benee she opposes the public school sys tem, because It disseminates loo much knowledge. Is it possible that Protest antism is going to occupy this same ground? Has she not sufficient Inher ent truth in her creeds and dogmas to bear the light of trained Intellect and awakened reason ?) I had supposed that Protestantism favors intellectual light and liberty ; that she Is so confidant of her strength as to favor aud ask the most scrutinizing search and study df ber tenets as compared with the reveal meuts of science in the fields of nature : and that to abridge, the rights, privi leges and opportunities of a child for developing tbe germs of its being, she would consider tbe height of injustice. But listen to tho .riifiwnce.- To compel a man who Is spending bis money for tbe education of his children in the man ner which be believes to be for the highest good to compel such a man to submit to bur densome taxation for the maintenance or a system of education which he believes to be erroneous and dangerous, is the height of in justice. There, now ! Close the' doors of our public schools! Divert their fund to sectarian purposes, and, above all, don't you dare to make education compul sory ! Because, "To compel a man wbo believes that child-labor," or lounging about the streets, saloons and slums of cities, conduces to tbe "highest good ;" "to compel those who believe that ignor ance is the highest good;" "to compel such to submit to burdensome taxation for the malntenauco of a system" of free schools, "is the height of Injustice." But we will pay, without a murmur, the expenses of jails, poor-houses, peniten tiaries and criminal prosecutions which this class engenders. We will willingly pay the billions which our late civil war cost a war which a system of free schools In the South would have made Impossible, just to show our love of jus tice for tbe paiochlal system which did exist there; nor will we drop one tear over the half-million graves of the war, all because those people believed seces sion was for tbe highest good ! Is it not perfectly evident that tbe belief of this man or that man does not at all atlect this question ? The facts are that in a government like ours a "government of tbe people, by -the peo ple, and for the people" It Is absolutely necessary that .the people themselves be enlightened; and it is eminently just that such enlightenment shall be pro vided for by a system of taxation which Imposes relatively equal burdens ol tax ation upon all, since all alike derive tbe benefits of our free institutions, and since these Institutions themselves are upheld and perpetuated by the enlight enment of the masses more than auy other one thing. It Is equally just that a vigilant eye be kept upon these funds, to the eud that they be applied to the purposes for which they were raised, and not diverted to mere sectarian prop agandlsm In short, to parochial schools. This whole outcry In favor of parochial schools is a deadly thrust at our free school system. It comes from the ene mies of republicanism, the enemies of free thought, tbe enemies of free speech, the enemies of free religion, the enemies of free governmeut, the enemies of free dom. But says lbs Advance again : It Is useless to assort that Intellectual train ing will make men more moral, or that It will nddtolbesecurityoftheSuite. History teaches to tbe contrary. This in face of tbe fact fresh in every man's memory that want uf intellect ual training among the masses In the Southern States was what rendered possible tbe late disastrous attempt to overthrow this Governmeut. When, it all the history of tbo world, did Intel lectual training of the masses overthrow a government? But how often alas! bow often has their sectarian training overthrown governments, even from tbe barbarities which the Jews inflicted upon the iunocent Canaanites down to the horrors between Christian and Mo hammedan in tbe late Busso-Turklsb war. Tlien, too, our free schools train tbe moral as well as the Intellectual nature; for It Is conceded on all bands that those great moral truths which are universally accepted should be Inculcated. This can be done aside from any Ism. That It Is done, is evidenced from tbe fact that an exceedingly small percent of our crimi nals come from the public schools, while a very large per cent of them do come, If not from tbe parochial schools, from those wbo are thoroughly imbued with tbe isms which it is proposed to Incul cate therein. But we get the gist of the article in the Advance in tbe following: Tbe Itoman Catholic Chnrch Is right In Its theory of churehly education for the younc. If the clergy are to Influence the community otherwise than by tlielr lives and t&eir official ministrations; Iftheyare to retain their hold upon the masses, they must fashion the minds of the rising generation. Cardinal McCloskey or the Pope him self would scarcely have written differ ent from that. It Is a bold, bad asser tion. So, then, justice requires that tbe rising generation be given over Into tbe hands of the clergy, does It? This would soon give the Government also into their hands, and we should have a union of Church aud State with all the sad consequences which history tells for ourwarulng. Does the Advance desire this? Will tbe Advance allow me to tell it, aud tbe clergy generally, that if tbe free school system be maintained and continually improved In tbe future as It has been In tbe past, cultured in tellects, pure lives, and tbe plain simple truth will alone enable tbe clergy "to retain their hold upon tbe masses." Is It because tbey lack these things that tbey claim the training of our children? Truth needs no such "dark wavs" to render it gladly acceptable to the un trammeled mind. No, gentlemen, tbe youth of America are not to be hauded over to your tender mercies. Tbelr minds are to be strengthened by culture and left free to search for and accept truth "wherover found, on Christian or on heathen ground." As an endeavor to sugar-coat this nauseous compound In the Advance, tbe writer says : Our public school system shodtd never be wholly abandoned. Dot It has far outgrown Its legitimate sphere. Ye gods ! then save us from the legit imate sphere of parochial schools sup ported by a public fund ! Says the Advance again : The time has come when oar PrdtesUnt churches must resume the responsibilities which they have resigned. By tbe side of every church should stand the parochial scbool-uouse. Then tbe unjust system of school taxation which now disgraces our civilization would soon become a thing of the post. Notwithstanding the above appears in a leading paper of one of tbe most liberal brunches of the Protostant Church, I cannot believe it will be en dorsed by a majority of Protestants. It savors too strongly of tbeCittbolic plan, which, Indeed, the writer of It pro nounces wiser than the Protestant. Take awa tho support of our free schools, aud you destroy tbe schools themselves. Destroy the free school, and you destroy tbe Governmeut, of which they are tho chief bulwark; I cannot yet bring myself to believe that a majority of Protestants will lend their aid and Influence to do this thing. Will uot a wise love of truth, of hu manity, of all inspiration, induce us to perpetuate our free institutions, give physical, mental and spiritual culture to our youth, and leave them unlrara meled by this or t'-at dogma of sectari anism, aud free to reverently and lov ingly explore every department of God's great temple, and wisely employ what they shall obtain therein to the up building of a divine humanity on earth ? One of the passengers on the ill-fated Xarragansett. that went down lu the collision on Loog Island Sound a few nights ago, said to the men who were tryiug to save the unhappy people: "Xever mind me; I'm an old woman. Save the young." That lady's name should go down to posterity as one of tne uravest Heroines ttiat America has produced. Her noble self-sacrifice, her thoughtfulness for others, stand out more prominently in contrast with the conduct of others of the unhappy com pany, strong men neat ou Willi tlie oars the hands of dying women wbo were clinging to the boat sides and nlte- ously beggiug to be taken In; stout young fellows heeded not the cries of the weak aud helpless, but In their struggle to save themselves heartlessly thrust aside and cast of! women and children. Appeals to their manhood were of no avail, as they possessed no manhood. The bravery of the noble old lady, who wanted the younger people saved, would have preserved many lives on that occa sion had It been apportioned amonc tbe strong hands but coward hearts of tbe panic-stricken men. Salt Zake Herald. Morse became a revelator when he applied electricity to machinery for transmitting intelligence from one sta tion to another. The beginnings were small, but to-day every nation on the globe Is united by these connecting wires. So perfect Is tho system, that you may station yourselves at a given point aud hold communion with the whole world; and yet 'tis but a short rim ,in Mora was declared to be In sane. Ttnt the seouel proves that.her was, of all, tbe most sane. So far the beads put on postage stamps are as follows : On tbe 1-cent stamp Is tbe head of Benjamin Franklin; 2-cenl stamp, Andrew Jaokson ; 3-cent stamp, George Washington ; 5-cent stamp, Zacbary Taylor ; 6 cent stamp, Abra ham Lincoln; 10 cent stamp, Thomas Jefferson; 15-cent stamp, Daniel Web ster; 30-cent stamp, Alexander Hamil ton; 80-cent stamp, Commodore Perry. A man must be dead to be thus hon ored. A French artist gave bis last work to a servant to convey to a salon. "Be careful I be careful!" said he; "the work is scarcely dry." "Ob, never minut" exclaimed the porter, clothes are old." "my Tbe apparitions and cures at Knock, county Mayo, Ireland, have not ceased, and day by day the locality Is more and more thronged by visitors of all classes. WOMEH AT THE00NVEHTI0NS. Lucy Stone points ie out as a note- -worthy fact that at each of tbe political nominating Conventions held this year a place was made on the platform or elsewhere for women and more or less recognition was accorded their claim for political rights. t the Republican Convention in Chi cago, ssventy-six women from the Na tional Association bad seats assigned to them on tbe platform, to which they were politely escorted. Senator Ferry, of Michigan, bad made special arrange ments to secure tbe seats. Susan 15; Anthony, Belva A. Lockwood and Mrs. Clay Bennett had a bearing before tbe Platform Committee, and presented a memorial, asking tbe party to pledge Itself " to secure women citizens In tbe exercise of their right to vote." No ac- tion was taken by tbe Convention on this memorial. Nevertheless, It was a point gained to have had It presented to tbe Committee. At the Labor Greenback Convention in Chicago, the same ladles bad seats on tbo platform, and, as some of them were delegates, they shared -in tbe discus sions. Mrs. Matilda Joslyn Gage pre sented a memorial from the National Woman Suffrage Association, and Susan B. Anthony supported It. Later In tbe discussion, Mrs. Sara Andrews Spencer, Mary E. Haggart and Mrs. Chandler bad a bearing. But when tbe final vota was taken on the suffrage question, It was "referred to tbe States with favora ble recommendation," by a vote of 52S to 124. At tbe National Democratic Conven tion in Cincinnati, the Committee awarded sixteen seats on tbe floor of the Convention, in tbe rear of tbe dele gates, to tbe representatives of Woman Suffrage. Miss Anthony, Mrs. Spencer and others urged the delegates to permit a woman to be beard for ten minutes in advocacy of tbe adoption of a Woman Suffrage plank. Tbe same resolution which bad been presented at tbe Repub lican Convention was brought to tbe Democrats with a preamble, both of which tbe Committee on Resolutions were asked to incorporate in the plat form. This was not done. , At the Prohibitory Convention in Cleveland, many ladles were in tbo hall. Mrs. E. D. Foote, of Wisconsin, atfd Mrs. McCIellan Brown, of Pennsyl vania, were among tbe Vice-Presidents. The latter was colled up for a speech. In which she said she "believed tbe day would come when all the prominent conventions would consist of women and .men side by side; and tbe Prohibi tion party would be tbe proudest party of history, because It carried forward tbe two great reforms of anti-rum traffic and Woman Suffrage." Tlie platform contained this passage in the eleventh resolution: "We also demand as a right that women having privileges of citizens in other respects shall be clothed with tbe ballot for their protection and as a rightful means for a proper settlement of the liquor question." When it came up for discussion, it appeared a large part of tbe Convention were favorable to giving women the full and unquali fied right to the ballot. Several speak ers thought the platform equivocal on this point. Others declared the state ment was as broad as it could be made aud covered all points of suffrage. But it was finally adopted. Mrs. McCIellan Brown bad the honor of presenting the name of the candidate for Vice-President. Thus more aud more each political party is drawn or driven to larger recog nition of the rights of women. The New British Premier. Mrs. Gladstone, if not tbe power behind tbe throne in tbe new English Cabinet, has, It is said, no little influence over the public conduct of her distinguished husband. She is an active, earnest and pleasant woman, but not a stylish dresser. Hervbouuets are said to be par ticularly dowdy, and some of tbe Tory ladies are reported to have expressed a spiteful wish that she would buy a new oue in time for tbe ovation in prepara tion for the Premier. She has two sous in Parliament, and takes a deep interest In Mr. Gladstone's political fortunes. While It was still a mooted question whether the Queen would not induce Hartlngton or Granville to accept the responsibility of forming a ministry, Mrs. G.said: "William shall be Premier or nothing." Tbe aforesaid William is himself the reverse of foppish in his dress. His coats seldom fit him, and his trousers are baggy at tbe knees, and bis gloves are too long in the fingers. But when he is going to make a great effort he is well brushed, bis hair is oiled, and he wears a flower in bis button-bole. Tho old members of the House know when be comes In that rig that he in tends to "make an eflort," New Or leans Picayune. It Is always healthy for voum? riAonlo. and also for everybody, to note th riu of a man like Garfield, and of a woman, lunjr nuu, H.IH aits, uarneiu. it Is an old tradition, but It is a precious one that comes true every State and.Na tlonal election, that future Presidents, governors and statesmen and their wives sit on tbe benches of tHn nri marv schools of to-day, and taste the life of iniancy in all the common-plaee cir cumstances of the great people. A lady who was once vlsitlog one of our city churches commenced singing a hymn which was given out, when the sexton crept softly to ber and told her that In that church tbe cbolr did tbe singing. The lady replied that the church had better strike from her lit urgy, "Let the people praise-tbee, O Lord; yea, let all the people praise thee." Michigan has appropriated SSO.OOO for a reform school for girls.