Newspaper Page Text
JULY 15, 1880.
THE 0HABCE8 EEFDTBD. The Commute appointed last Spring byU.be lax-payer of School District No. 1, to investigate tbe charges against the eolesey of the pufcite schools of Port land, have rendered Ibeir report, Id nearly every instance refuting tbe accu sations of the enemies of the common school. The report Is quite ieogtby; therefore these eoJumns will admit por tiom.sDly of it. Ib reply lo the asaertion that "the machinery of the sobooU has grown to a toe expeaaivo and cumbrous system," the. Committee nod that, while tbe lax to. support the schools has increased hut 30 percent & tbirteeu yean, the ooet of tbe police department has increased 50 par aetit in Ave years and the Are de partment 44 percent; that tbe increase of eebeol population in the last four years Is four per cent greater than the increase lo expenses in that time; that tbe grotrtb of the school population has required annually a more thorough grading of pupils, and more buildings, rooms and furniture, and teachers of mere skill and devotion, in order to do pood work in all tbe classes. In refutation of tbe Briticism that too too many stadias are crowded upon the pepite, tbe Committee state that such studies only are pursued as are author ised by law, and that they are much the mom as in tbe old-style schools, but that "the present systematic coqrse gives definite and better results of study to larger numbers." Tbe Committee in this connection take exception to tbe number of readers, geographies, arith metics and grammars seed. They es pecially denounce Clark's grammar, which is almost universally recognised as tbe finest text-book extant on tbe subject. In partieelar should it be re taittsd In tbe High School, where Its, complete analysis of sentences and ca re fa 1 explanations of the idioms of the, English language can he comprehended by all who are qualified to enter this n shoot. - After tbe Committee's lauda tion. ,af tbe Portland schools for keeping pace with the times, it Is in bad taste to assert that grammar, one of the prinel pal studies, "can be taught orally with a few varied sentences on the black board iu two or three terms." Clark, would laugh at the construction of num eroue sentences 1 n tbe report. In reply to the charge that "the High School is not a proper part of the system of public education," the Committee re-! port that they find "tbe High School only n extension of tbe grades and classes" its name "ouly a term to de note tbe necessary -advance grades of hffSe pubjie schools like those of Port land." Tbe nae is convenient, but not essential. If offensive, it can be dropped, though Us classes remain. The Committee recommend, Jn refer ence to teaching languages, that Eng lish only be free, and that tuition be charged for instruction in foreign lan guages. To refute the charge that the criminal and pauper classes come from tbe al toiirtants of tbe common schools, much statistical matter from the school re ports of great cities is employed, show ing the falsity of the assertion. In Portland, the case is as follows: "Of tbe C graduates of tbe High School, 56 (88 per cent) are engaged in useful work, and 8 (12 per cent) are in professional study. Of the 301 graduates of tbe grammar schools, 113 (37 1 per cent) are lwrwing higher studies ; 167 (55j per cent) are In useful work ; 21 (7 per cent) are unknown; 3(1 per cent) are of qoes Uouabte character." Taken as a whole, tbe report is satis factory, to the tax-payers and the up botdefBof the public school system. It wm adopted at the eitlaen' meeting at tbe Court House last Monday evening without a dissenting voice. However, if the friends of common education think tbe war on tbe schools is settled by this lepott, they greatly mistake. Tbe muttering are already heard, and next year tbe assault will be renewed. Let friends all remember that "eternal vigilance" on their part is necessary to keep off tbe treacherous hands of the THE BIGHT TO SUPPORT A ETJS- BAXD. .The action of the Chicago School Beard in-forbidding tbe employment of married women as teachers has been de nounced as a ertme by tbe Woman Hof fragtets of tbe country, some of them asserting that & woman lias as much right to support a husband as a man Ins' to support a wife. This statement surprises many opposition ' journals, which think the "antiquated sister hood are -so desirous of "catching the men" that tbe are willing to support husbands. The truth is that no person of sound body and mind has a right to be supported, though, if men claim to support women, tbe latter may as well "have tbe game as tbe Dame." There is nothing more despicable than a pa- hast man who lives off tbe earnings of uis wwe.; and an idle, healthy wife woo.si be equally despicable were she enuowea with the same privileges In the world as her husband. As the matter stands to day, a woman may perform the I W me dalles for a generation, and Jier husband will be credited with sup porting her. To get any credit at all. she must do both her work and her bus- band's. If she wishes to rapport him. nobody will deny her tbe privilege of doing so; but all will think her .more generoBS'tban wise, and that her bns-j hand is certainly little of a man. The Chicago teachers may so tier some in convenience from the senseless ruling of tbe School JJoerd, but tbe Woman Sof fiAgi cause will be tbe gainer, as it will arouse "many persons (particularly tbe husbands of the teaehars) to the. fad that woman must have the ballot If her rights are to be respected and her bus .band is lo be supported. THURSDAY.. IULISG THE HEABT. An Olympia minister recently deliv area an address on "Woman's Bights nBa tbe Secret of Woman's Inflostoee ." based on the history of loosen Esther, and which was replete with nicely worded sophistries. His claim is that woman mu't. rule man through his heart, as a pilot controls a vessel by Its helm, and that Esther saved her people by corr.rolllng the heart of Abasueras. Tnis I a- neat cbcniarlson only com paring a gigantic eelbottou of matter with a sentient human being is very silly. Wby should a woman control man through his heart ? To gratify his vauity by making him think be is exer elsing his own vqlition? If woman's ideas are right, why Is It necessary that site should waste time in laying siege to the heart of man? Ought she not rather lo have the power of openly expressing her convictions? Is not Vashtt'a sad fate good proof tliat the Itearts of men are sometimes inconstant? Does not her history testify that woman must be certain as to her ability to control man through his heart ? A portion of this minister's twaddle is insulting to every noble-souled womsu, and proves his failure to comprehend me unties and responsibilities of worn aubood. He says that "the destiny of woman Is to be admired ;" that "to fail of this, would be to fall of the appointed end or her being." This frank assertion of the imbecility and worthleesness of one-half the people of the world is enough to cnrl with scorn the lip of every care-worn mother, every loving wire and every dotlfnl daughter. The incorrectness of his assertions re garding woman's "omnipotent" power over man can be so easily shown, and Is so potent to every one who will lake tug trouble to think for a moment, that it Is surprising that he fell into tbe error, If woman possessed tire unlimited power be profess s to believe she does, she would not be a victim of one-sided laws. She would not be taxed without repre sentation, governed without consent, robbed by probate courts, tried by a jury not her lwera, denied tbe benefits of land laws when married, and in many other ways be made to feel that she Is a slave Instead of a ruler. The Washington Standard has these remarks to make upon the reverend gentleman's conclusions from the his tory of Esther: It Ik a waste of rhetoric to assume that wom an 1 protected as she should be nnder man- made lavs, although "the charms which make her omnipotent" have been exerted ever si nee th historical event upon which the argument depends parsed into the annals of antiquity. If woman rules the heart, she does not always sway tbe judgment of man. POLITICS P0E WOMEN. Viscountess Harberton's remarkable speech at tbe recent mass meeting at St. James's Hall, London, on the subject of Woman Sufi rage, has attracted much attention in Kngland, and some in America. The Timet and other great journals of the old oouutry contained lengthy and respectful reports of the meeting, and mentioned tbe Viscount ess's speech in particular, calling the at tention of tbe nation to the fact that tbe woman movement can be no longer ig nored. The New York Evening Pot, the San Francisco Chronicle, and other journals in tbe New World, have beet) equally just. They have published a small portion of the lady's remarks. She said that the objection is made tbat women cannot understand politics, nud that the word "politics" is used to mis lead. It generally conjures up visions of drainage acts, army estimates, judica ture bills and agricultural holdings; bnt her bearers must remember that it re fers also to married women's property, and to laws touching the care (at pres ent denied to them, except on suQerauce by their husbands) of their own children. Politios includes, all questions relating to drink, in which women are greatly, though Indirectly, Interested ; also tbe question whether the labor of women is to be free, whether they are to have the right of making the best arrangement they can for employment, or whether they are to be harassed by absurd re strictions made by men. It Is said tliat if women are allowed to vote, they must be prepared to tike the rough with the smooth. They agree to that, for at pres ent they take tbe rough without .the smooth. She understands "the rough" to be paying taxes and. "tbe smooth" to be having votes. WAXM6WAElf. We are sorry to see tbe war between "H. H. M." and "X. E. Z." waxing so warm. Evidently both are in earnest ; and certainly each carries tbe argument weU. But, Jte their differences are sueb as preclude tbe possibility of an amica ble conclusion, we hope tbey will let tbe matter rest hereafter. We confess that the principles advanced by "H. II. M." are much to our liking, though we agree with "X. E. Z." as to the means to be adopted to gain the end for which both are striving. Having given both a fair bearing, we now rest Ibe ease with our readers, believing their honesty and in telligence will lead them to do just what is best, All parsons attending tbe Spiritualist grove meeting at New Bra, Clackamas county, will be returned free by the rail road and steamship companies upon presenting a certificate of attendance front Mr. Thomas Bookman. This ar rangement will prevail' from July 23d to S6lb, inclusive. Hon. Allen Parker, of Ysquina, Is lo tbe city. He is a moaiber of tbe legisla ture from Benton county, and will aver be found on (be skleof right and justice. The women may nly on his friendship nd assistance when any measure for Faff ref!ef eomw ib House this , !"LXW EHa-d Woman Suffrage Assoeratlou will co-operate wtu tho Vermont suffragists ia holding a grand convention in October. A 1IE0ESSITT. In ISM, In 1S70 and In 1880 has tbe northern pari; of the oily of Portland been submerged by the June floods. It is a possibility that the overflow may occur every year; hence It Is evident to all that tbe grade of the lower portion-of the city should be raised. A levee will not prevent tbe overflow, as the flood is eaused by "back water," which seeps through tbe sell. The OregoniaH speaks as follows of tbe necessity of Immediate aotion In this matter: To establish such trade Is the Brvi 11, lu to be done, Tbe plaeaaf beginning on Front and First mlcht properly be AIdr or even Morri son, and from there It should be carried resa. larlr so as to give a (III of at least roar feet These taeCurendnn Hotel stands. The lower part of Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth should be raised In similar manner. It is no great undertaklnc.and can bedonr pnily if the city only resolves to do it. lu many of tho large cities of the United States it lias been necessary to elevate the grades. In Chicago, many of the heaviest building stand on ground ubich was raised from Ave to twelve feet, while in San Francisco blocks of fine buildings occupy manu factured land, acre upon sore having been made by filling In the bay. For instance, the NIanttc building, oorner Clay and tnsomo streets, ami several squares from the city front, elands over the spot where a vessel of tbe same name sank. We quote from tbe OregoniaH again : If we now establish anew grade lor the lower end of U elty.lt will not be necessary to raise many large bul'dlngs-snd tbe chance Is In dispensable U. tbe business streets north of Washington are to continue the business streets of tbe city. Bostatxs cannot be subject to these Inlerrapttoas and the expense they entail, and owners of property in tbat part of me city must looK at the fact as It la. . General James B. Weaver, tbe Green back candidate for President, Is said to be' confident of his ability to carry Ala bama, Tenuessee, Texas, Mississippi, West Virginia, Missouri and Kansas, and that he will malfo heavv trains In Maryland, Iowa, Michigan and Minne sota. He asserts that If he does not re ceive a majority of tbe electoral votes, neither of the other candidates will, and the matter will go to the House of Repre sentatives. If thrown into the House. be will stand an equal chance with the rest. Ie la Matyr, he claims, has the balance of power there, and no conces sion will there be made by his partisans favorable either to Democrats or Repub licans. Jn tbe event tbat no agreement Is reached there, tbe matter becomes a constitutional question, and it will be with tbe Senate to decide what disposi tion to make of it. He will atumn every State he can before election, but confines himsoif to no section, and thinks Kearney's support will enable him to carry California. He will doubt less find that Kearney is a heavy load when the California returns arn counted. Tbe Greenbaekers of the Golden Stale have repudiated the blatant agitator. An exchange says: "Among tho fiercest assailants of Mr. Bradlaugh's right, to a seat in tbe House of Com mons were tbe Jewish and Roman Catholic members. Although they had to fight their way into tbe House, a generation back, against a similar ex clusion, tbey opposed the removal of the restriction "in this case, and set themselves against Mr. Bradlaugh's ad mission, not on moral, hut on theologi cal grounds." 'Twas over thus. Among tbe most rabid opponents of Individual political liberty for all, are the Immi grants from foreignlauds, who come to America to escape tyranny, and yet en deavor to prevent American women's emancipation from oppression. Mrs. Julia Foster writes as follows to Woman' Words: "Grace Greenwood speaks of Miss Abbott as the 'little woman' and the 'brave little woman.' It seems to me It would be better to speak of women as women, without adding the word 'little.' It always seems to me to suggest somethiug Infe rior, or to be used to increase tbelr at tractiveness ; bnt it should not. Wo never speak of a man as a 'noble little man,' no matter how small be may be ; Indeed, we avoid speaking of his stature, If he Is, unfortunately, below tbe me dium." Anna Randall-DIehl, to whom the New York Timet gives tbe credit of clambering upon tbe railing, waving a Msg In each hand, and at the same time shouting In the Republican Convention at Chicago, writes lo that paper to say she was in her country home on'Long Island ail the titne, and in reading the reports of the Convention was shocked to find herself ie railed in that undigni fied and untrue manner. She says: "Oh, Grant me hottest fame, or Grant me none.'' Iu tbe July u umber of tbe A'orth American Review, Miss M. A. Hard aker tries to prove the Inferiority of women. Mary Ann is doubtless able to speak about herself, bat is altogether tpo general with regard to the rest of Iter sex. However, she-will secure tho adoration of msn like Francis Parkman. It will tickle his vanity to have one simpering Miss coyly acknowledge his worth. Messrs. J. R. Lewis, Francis Heury and J. S. Herndou, tbe Committee ap pointed by Governor Ferry to investi gate certalu charges against Dr. Wil- kird,. Superintendent of tbe Hospital for the Insane of Washington Territory, report tbat they "are convinced that there are no just grounds for complaint against tiiehuspltalorlls management." The Woman's Journal soys tbat never since Us establishment has It been so often asked to "exchange" as now. Tbe requests come from all shades of belief iu politics and religion, and indicate a growing Interest In Woman Suffrage. Tbe New Nokthwkst's experience la similar. EDITORIAL OOBSESPONDENOE. Dkar Ukaiikrs or the New. NoKTiiwnrr: Now tbat tbe State Fair la over, a few thoughts In referenco to its management will probably be in order. Only those who have attempted tbe management of any llko unwieldy enterprise can form an idea of the perplexity and worrlment arising from It. There are a thousand aunoyances" continually com ing up, which uo amount of sagacity could have foreseen or prevented. Everybody whose only business consists In looking on and criticising feels per fectly ablo to manage the whole busi ness In whole, iu part, or In detail. Thon, too, everybody has a hnbby, and delights In riding it. It would bo vastly amusing, were it not so sugge9tlvo of woman's iuipeeuni oslty, as well as her Inborn acquisitiveness,-to note the many little expedients the sex resort lo In order to obtalu u premium of a fow dollars. Many of the articles they enter for competition are wholly useless, and certainly possess not' the- slightest claim to being beautiful. Oner little rocking chair, that we have noticed every year for a long time in a conspicuous posltiou, has become so old aud worn that the bits of silk that form its upholstered covering caunot laet many decades longer. The number of dollars that chair has brought at dlfler ont fairs in premiums would form an interesting example for tbe new light ning computator. Some of the quaint devices of women suggest a struggling genius for Invention that makes us fairly tremMo wlth-eager desire to strike tbo shackles from tbelr hampered lives and permit them to Indulge their won derful lfls In Edisonlau enterprises, where money could aid their efforts in a practical direction. One of the greatest curiosities of the fair was a pair of Iaudecnpo pictures, made of the hair from the beads of the Oregon pioneers. Judged merely as pic tures, these landscapes were nothing re markable; but tho material of which tbey were made will startle any be holder Into an exclamation of surprise and wonder. Houses, windows, trees, rocks, mountains, flowers, rivers, boats and boatmen are all made of human hair, iu every hue and shade, Ingenu ously interwoven according to its color. The author of this unique speolmen of handiwork Is Mrs. Ross, of Monmouth, who designs it for tbo State House when another landscape is completed. Our hobby is (and we've said before that everybody has a hobby) to offer premiums to women's handiwork a lit tle moro on a por with those offered for horso-raclng. Let these extra pre miums be for babies, butter, starch, 6oap, candles, cookery, etc., etc., not omitting any one of tho thousand femi ninities already named, unless it he 'the ever obtruding and always ugly patch work quilt. Any fool can mako a quilt; and, after wo bad made a couple of dozen over twenty years ago, we quit the business with a conviction that no body but a fool would spend so much time in catting bits of dry goods into yet smaller bits and sewing them to gether again, just for the sake of mak ing believe that they were busy at prac tical work. A dozen such quilts at. we saw at tbe fair wpuld be noeded to keep one comfortablo through an Oregon Summer night, aud any one of the dozen would require two mouths' labor to complete It. Though tbo officers of the fair made no provision for premiums for human stock, Dr. Pfunder of this city and Dr. Wcalberford of Salem, assisted byE. O. Norton of tbo Vuletle, got up a side show and offered premiums for the prettiest girl and boy babies, ibe choice falling upon two very pretty and prom ising ones fiat carried off the blue rib bo u amid tbo general rejoicing of friends and relatives. If the Society will offer a handsome premium next year for the largest family of healthy and bright and pretty children, accompanied by the fresh, healthy nnd happy mother, we'll give more to see that show than any oilier, aud so would' any Intelligent lover of humanity. Thoroughbred hu manity must be tho next consideration of agriculturists. Ono very grievous detriment to the fair how grievous uobodyjet con tell was the Illegal and yet constant exhibi tion of monstrosities. Ono of these was a woman without feet nnd legs, who sat upon a rocking chair and propelled her self by trestles worked by hand power. She was accompanied by a villainous accordion and two women, each armed with a like abomination, with which they attracted large crowds about the monstrosity, and told pitiful tales, In broken French and Jargon English, of their "sister's" misfortunes. On of these beggars rattled a cup under the face and eyes of the undersigned, and asked alms as follows: "Will ye, madame, be zo good as lo glvo one leetle zum for ze zupport of me zister, who Iz ze cripple from ze typhoid levarev" "Beforo I'd make sueh an exhibition as tbat of my sister's misfortunes, if she were my sister, I'd opon a wash-house by the sldo of a Chinaman," we were foolhardy enough to reply. "An you'ro a China lover, that ye arc bad looeh to ye ! Ni ver a bit would I demane meself by wor-r-kin' alongside o' a Chinaman, at all, at all! But, If yez wants to put yeraelf on a llvel with tbe dlrtby haytben, there's no law In Amerlky to hinder ycz; but I'll 1st yez know that I'm a daceut woman, an' will put up wljli none o' your Insults!" she exclaimed, marching off with a lofty air, and doubtless remembering her French again when sbo encountered a wiser customer. Wo went 'on our way rejoicing; but we'll soon see whether or not tbe Grand Jury will do Its duty by enforcing the law against such exhibitions. There are scores of temporary booths for trading purposes on the grounds that ought to be destroyed. The new Pavil ion Is so much finer that its presence calls loudly for better surroundings. The camping grounds for men and horses should be kopt separate. The premlumsson racing should be so re duced tbat a hundred dollars could be afforded for tbe best beshel of wheat, fifty dollars for the best butler, and a like sum for cheese, etc., etc. . There should also be premiums forautborsbip, agricultural essays, poetry, and tbe like, aud a liberal reward for the best treatise on cookery, accompanied by practical illustrations by tbe author of tbe same. This would call forth a sharp contest among women, aud effectually Moor paloh-work aud kindred nonsense. The Agricultural Society deserve great praise for their zeal and enterprise in carrying forward tho work for so many years under, so many difficulties. We are glad to learn that the receipts of the present year are sufficient to so re duce tbe indebtelne&i as to place tbe Society, beyond the Mwer of speculators, who have been hoping to secure the lauds through mortgages and twelve per cents. Salem, after the fair, relaxed into her wonted quietude. Tbe hotels onee more assumed their normal condition, and tbe merchants and restaurant-keepers relapsed Into their usual non-exciting routine of plodding endeavor. The Su preme Court is now iu session, and, though the figure of Justice yet stands on the Court House steeple with her back to tbe State House and tbe scales iu her left band as of yore, she no longer looks hopelessly solemn and despair-, lngly anxious, as she did while Prim and Kelly swayed her scepter to snit themselves, regardless of her claims for one-half of her people. So many smiling faces of old-time friends gre ted us everywhere tbat we were hardly conscious of tbe passing hours. " Spent Friday at the Peniten tiary, aud were much pleased with what we saw of lu geueral manage ment. But, bow our ffenrt did ache for the weeping mothers some of whom we met whose sons are iiere suffering tbe penalties of outraged law. If all erring sons could see tbe terrible so lie r- mg thai is brought npon parents through the misconduct of those Incar cerated here, it wonld certainly (tut a check upon tbeir downward career, now and forever. On Saturday afternoon we- took tbe express train for Jefferson, tbe quiet lit tle home of many a friend of -human rights, and here we remained for two days, the guest of good Mother Roland, I aud the recipient of the glad greetings !of everybody. We were loo tired for riectures. and last in tiia mood for visit. iug. Tbe Sunday School, with IU quaint leader, seemed not to have changed a partlele since our visit a year ago, Uncle Jimmy Bates, tbe leader in ques tion, is the oldest of all the Oregon pio neers, having first set foot upon tbe soil Iu 1832. He retains and teaches the theology of the Puritans, and lias an abiding faith in the power and person ality of "the old serpent, called tbe devil." Take tbe belief in the doctrine of total depravity a.-xl eternal damna tion from him, and he'd be so upset tbat he'd relapse into insanity. He's an in teresting character In his way, and he ought to visit the next Pioneer meeting and make a speech. Sueh men as Chad wick, Deady, Nesmith et al would be nowhere. A year has brought death to some Jef ferson households, and marriage ami birth to others, but this is about all tho change we note. The people are sober, steady and Industrious, and deserve the prospeilty that crowns them with peace and plenty. Monday, and Salem and tbe Cheraek eta Hotel again. Here wespeud another day In active association with many friends, and retire early, only to be for gotten by the call-boy ou Tuesday morning, aud so miss the express train. But tlie forenoon Is agreeably and prof itably spent among -the friends of Hu man Rights, who are looking forward with much anticipation to the work of Uie Suffrage Convention before the coming Legislature. Afternoon train, and home, where again we sigh for a lodge on an Ararat, or a boat on the "raging eanawl." What North Portland is going to do with her superabundance of dirty water this Hummer we cannot eveu goes. A. S. D. Portland, July 14, 1SS0. From tbe Woman's Journal: "The late Mrs. Elizabeth Waldron Wiggin, of Stralham, was a lady of great patriot ism. Her father. Lieutenant ' Wm. Shannon, was an officer in the war of 1S12, and gave Ids life for bis country. And on her mother's side t-he was a di rect descendant of tbe celebrated Major Waldron of Dover, who was killed by the Indians iu a most barbarous manner in tbe 17th century. In tbe recent civil war, Mrs. Wiggin saw five of her six sons go fortli to battle. One of tbem was killed at tbe storming of Fort Wag ner, and another was seriously wounded iu the military service. And yet, be cause women do not fight, this woman, who reared six sons to serve their coun try and fight its battles, is disfranchised along with eriminalsand Imbecile men." Au editorial correspondent of tbe En glish Women's Suffrage Journal states tbat "the first official measure creating any lortn of systematic provision for the poor was passed si nee Victoria as cended tbe throne. By that act women rate-payers are admitted to vote in tbe election of poor-law gnardlana, which continues to this day to be tbe tbe only local franchise of any description which is enjoyed by duly qualified women in all parts of Ireland." Howard's "Art of Computation" beats tbe "Lightning CalouhUor" all hollow. As a concise and comprehensive tesehcr of business arithmetic, it is certainly worthy of notice.: A new Spiritual paper, entitled the Jtiting Sun, has been laid on our table. We have sketched It throagh, and And it too intensely spirilaal for our comprehension. FDBTHER OONTBOYEBSY. To thk Enrroa or the N'rw Kobthwsst: A careful perusal of "H. H. M.'s" last effusion, which your native eharity so far got tlie better of yonr jpdgwent as to cause you to designate as "thoughtful and dispassionate," to my mind clearly reveals tbe ambush that hides the ene my's gun. I fail to find one word in either of bis letters to convince tbe reader that he is a friend, much less an advocate, of Woman Suffrage. He must know that tbe "Greenback Lbnr party" has no power, except it be to di vide the vote and thus elect an anti snflragiet. Tbat I am a Republican, I freely admit. Will "II. H. M." deny that he is a Democrat? Now for tbe fscts : There are two great parties ami no other before the country, demand ing power aud place. The Republican party based ou man's supremacy, and therefore deserving defeat, If it. were possible to do better is one, and the stronger faction. The Democratic party bated on slavery and disunion, ami, because of its past record and present friends, demanding defeat is tbe other and weaker faction. Tbe party of tbe first art is not a good party, because it is one-sexed, and consequently incapa ble of attaining to excellence; but it is the best we have, and the only hope we iiave for preserving the Nation's exist ence. The party or tbe second part Is also one-sexed, iu addition to its well- known opposition as a party to woman's rights. That one of these parties is to be successful, "II. II. M." well knows, and there is no difficulty in deciding as to Ids preference, for lie has built an am bush and called it "Greenbacks," with which he hopes to decoy a few votes from tbe Republican candidate, to form half votes for tbe Democratic nominee. By talking to the Woman Suffragists through the People's Paper about tbe semblance to a "plank" which he in vites them to stand upon inside tbeam bnsb, well knowing tbe while that if tbey accept tbe invitation the plank will sink, be expects -to do good service for General Hancock. I am not obly a Republican, but a Woman Suffragist. I know tbe party will never do its doty till it has enfran chised woman; but I also know that tbe Democratic party will not only never enfranchise woman, but will re enslave the colored man if it ever gets the power. I believe tbe Republican party can and will be compelled, by stress of i public intelligence, to accept this next great phase of human progress. I have no sush hope fur the Democratic party, hence my desire to warn the Woman Suffragists to ateer clear of the Green back ambnsh. I trust that I am now understood. "H. II. M." asks me to tell him who tbe enemies of human liberty are. I answer unhesitatingly Everybody, in dividually or collectively, who is op posed to tbe enfranchisement and equal ity of every other human being under tbe sun. I made no attempt to belittle or dis 1 mi rage the Greenback party. I simply told tbe truth when I called It a "boom erang." And I only make tbe argu ment yet more emphatic when I prru. nounee it an ambnsh. "H. H. M." says truly tbat an upright man 'when leading a band of robbers Is a robber himself; and In this sense all men are robbers, for we bate robbed woman of her natural right to equality with us before tbe law. Until we de mand the restoration of her rights, and demand them in such a way that pur claims and hers mtylio made effective, we have no right, while excusing a Hancock for being a robber and glory ing in it, to attack a Garfield, who pro tests against a like robbery. With all my heart, I wish the Green back party was of a nature that it conld command national respect; but, r - e it works hand iu glove with It pre -. it lea dors composed of tbe klckef-on ers, fanatics and dreamers of tbe rag-'.:iby stamp, whose chief claim to financial leaderabip consists in their Inability to earn their own livelihood you will ex cuse me if I prefer better company. N E 55 Portland, July 12, 1880. MBS. J0SS JEABD P10M. Salem, July lg, i860. To the Editor or thk New Xobtbwest: Women have been blessed from time to time by the passage of Acts by the Legislature, professing to give tbem equal property rights with men; bat women are not free, nor, can tbey be till tbey are enfranchised. Men may deny this as much as they please, but the denial will not change tbe fact of woman'a subjugation. Nor need tbey lay tbe fluttering Unction lo tbelr sonN tbat women will grow tired of demand ing their freedom. Men will continu ally be reminded tbat rebellious women live and are constantly recruiting tbelr ranks. The lordly usurpers of women's inalienable rights will uever know peace again until they put forth tbelr utmost ability to secure tbe enfranchise Blent of the subjugated sax. Let but one. mm of influence and power contend as earnestly for tbe lib erties of women as be would eouteml for but own freedom were it denied him, and much would be gained for our cause. Man has no more right to rule woman than woman has to rule the Deity. Man never obtained the right to rule woman in the first place except by force or fraud. An Assessor, in pursuing the dalles for which the privileged olaas gets re muneration for labor at the expense of the taxed and unrepresented class, de manded that Mrs. Ramp, of this oily, should give in her Individual property, for taxation. Mr. R. referred tlie officer to be husband her representative and head. But the protector of women pro ceeded at onee, and upon his own mo tion, to levy a tax upon hifl own est!--male of her personal effects, placing them at six thousand dollprs. Mrs. R. refused to pay tbe tax, and the sum was so large that.it was not pleasant for Mr. It to settle it, so it required a good deal of official crookedness to set tlie matter straight. Jusr how the affair was set tled, I cannot tell ; bnt I do know that tbe lady would not pay tbe tax. If every unrepresented woman who ia taxed would stand her ground as firmly as Mrs. Ramp did, tbey would soon worrv tbe men Into granting them their Inalienable right to 'vote as lo the man- . a. kl nor of applying weir taxes to puouc use. Oir Siffrscr-1 S iety iu Salem still keeps upua oiganizstion. I can seldom attend of late, on aooono'l of making me a home in the mountainsa home of which r shall tell yon tho part tenia r In a future letter. Mrs J. A. Johns. 8EXEBAL XBWS. The Hooaae tunnel is nootied. Mlni o ;h)IIs has 48,825 inhabitants. Wm. i'. Pel too, nephew of Tlldeo, is dead. Tucson, Arizona, ha 7.000 inhabi tants. Vermont's population ia smaller than lit 1870. Cotton is said to be in fine aondltioii In tbe South. Stevens & Wilcox, dry goods dealers of Omaha, have failed. San Francisco's population ia 23S.068, including 20,540 Cbitraae. Hancock Is said to be weak in his own State, Pennsylvania. Drouth has caused tbe exhaustion of the water supply ot Petersburg, Va. Mobr & Mobfe. Cincinnati whisky house is burned. Late, $60,000; insored. ' Tbe Cabinet ia resolved on a thorongh investigation of the Narragansett disas ter. A "corner" in pork ha been put up in Chicago and New York by Armour & Co. President Hayes has appointed John B. Neil, of Salt Lake City, Governor of Idaho. Disastrous storms in Minnesota, Iowa, Michigan and Wisconsin are re ported. Last Saturday 134 deaths occurred iu New York, CO being children nnder five years of age. Tbe connlence fund since the war amounts to $'300,000, and eoutri buttons are Increasing. Merced, Cal., is overrun with roughs, and the citizens have formed a Cotn mitte of Safety. In Baltimore, the heat ts very op pressive. Several deaths have resulted from sunstroke. The Orangemen celebrated tbo 12th in New York, Cleveland aud Montreal without trouble, Dr Tanner baa now-fasted seventeen" days lu New York, fie is weak and evidently failing. The readj asters of Virginia have nom inated a full electoral ticket for tbe coming campaign. Tbe thermometer at Chicago has reached 100. Saveral deaths from sun stroke are reported. Don Cimernn's heilth ia said lo bo badly shattered, and fears are enter tained that he will not recover. Tbe schooner Joe Dovall has been wrecked on Lake Michigan, and It hi feared tbe crew are all drowned. Mrs. Brown, of Indianapolis, Ind.,. haa been convicted of the murder of her husband; with tbo penalty" of death. Blanchet, a French engineer, denoun ce De Leatep's canal sebeaie, showing Nicaragaa to be preferable lo Panama. Colooel Casb, who killed Colonel Shannon iu a duel in Sooth Carolina last week, Is under arrest for the crime. In a roadside fight between .Texas desperadoes and rangers, one on eaeh sjiie was killed, when tbo oatlawa sur rendered. ; - Oneffourtb of the force of. the Govern ment printing o nice -will be discharged, the appropriation for mafnlaining it being small. Hie Germans of Indianapolis (En glish's home are very sever in tbeir denunciation of the Democratic nominee for Vice-President. Capt. Lincoln, of the Tenth Infantry, wbo shot and killed a drunken n-rivale soldier who liKHiltetl him, has been ac quitted by court-martial. Very lanze numbers of immhzranta are marching on Indian Territory, ami it me military are instructed to eject the Invaders tbera trill be trouble. Beecber denies that he has abandoned the orthodox faith, and says he believes in tbe inspiration of th Bible, the doc trines at tbe trinity and atonement, and the apostles' creed. A Milwaukee woman of excellent family is nnder arrest, 'charged with having having poisoned her step-mother and atep-broilier In order lo get posses sion of tbeir property. The Commissioner of Agriculture says tea can and will be extensively raised In the uulf States In tbe future, ft will yield 250 Bounds to the acre, at a profit of 20 cents a pound. Lawrence It. Jerome and Edward M. Patched, two well-known and wealthy young men of New York, recently stole $37,200 worth of stock from a meosenger boy, and have been arrested. The removal of U. B. Marshal Fita- sioiHiooa ef Georgia is asked, because be Is in sympathy with "moonshiners," and retards the U. S. revenue olticers in their efforts to capture illicit stills. The National Educational Association began He nineteenth annual geseion at Cbatauqua, N. Y., on tbe 13lb, witli en couragiug attendance. Prominent edu cators from ail parts of the country were present. Yellow fever has appeared in New Orleans. A sailor of a Rio Janeiro ves sel died there ot the disease. Tbe crew were not iu quarantine, and every pre caution has been taken to protect the city's health. It Is Impossible at present to tell any thing about tho crops in tbe est, as manipulators of the grain maraei nave their agents in all localities, and mag nificent lying la done both as regards Jail are and success. Kearney was not present on the sand lota of Han Francisco last Soaday." Three meetings were ruunlug, and there doubtless woo Id have been a row had not the police, to the number of 100, been detailed to prevent disturb ances. Ths Minneapolis KepoMlcans have nominated Washbuino for Congress without a dissenting voice,. .This will severely rebuke tbe attempt of Ignatius Donnelly to overthrow the will of the people as expressed at the polls two jeirs ago. At Danville, Vs., on tbe 9th, Thomas DeJarnette, aged 20, allot his sister Mol lis five limes iu an effort to kill her. She was an inmate of a bagnio, and he wished to "wipe out the drscraee of hia family." Tbe girl embraced hlui before he was taken, to prison, saying he was right, and begging tbat he be not punished.