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a Tkkk Spkfxjh, Kkkb Pkess, Fkee Pboi-i.k. VOLUME X. NO. 10. PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1880. PER YEAR S3 00. ii.ii .., . , n - i ' " "t ' "' -- " .1. . i i. . i ... I,, , i. , ,, 1 1 EASTERN OREGON. MR. PUNIWAY'S DBSCRIlTION OP HBR Tit II FItOM MI'UST KANCHK TO CANYON CITY. PHUblxs ch woman supWcaok fou am. aino thk l.TNH A "CTIARIviKt" I'AKTY OITTWITTKO. Canyon City, November S, 1S80. DiUJt Headkrs of thk Nkw Nokthwtkt: After mailing the editorial letter of last week from the Saltznmn House, in the John Dny Val ley, we retired early to rest. After a dreamless sleep, we were ready to mount the Thursday morning buck-board, bound for the village of Mitchell, seventeen Cayusc miles away. Our route lay over and through alternate hills and valleys, creek beds and mountain gorges, and we experienced half a dozen varieties of climate in as many half miles, and saw more sidelong ridges than we would ever care to count. The valleys are low and level, and are capable of producing fruits and vegetables of both temperate and semi- tropical character. Everywhere, upon either hand, the great ragged bluffs rise up in Iraki array, casting black shadows into the gorges from one side, and reflecting back the sun's rays from the other, and so tempering the atmosphere that ap ples, peaches, tomatoes, pears, plums and cherries grow and ripen in profusion wherever they are cultivated. Irrigating ditches are noticeable here and theie, the waters they supply being clear and pure, like melted snows. The basaltic rocks of The Dalles region have given place to concrete mountains, blufls of sandstone, and banks of washed gravel cement. Sea shells abound on the highest peaks, and petrified trees, and even M?r feet loaves of stone, are found in many places, of a character to prove that inconceivable changes have occurred in these fastnesses at some remote period in the ages gone. Some of the great rocks are castellated, like those of the Wind River country, some of the billowy bluffs are variegated in color, and one great castle-like structure of sandstone slabs, with a huge dome at the summit, the driver told us, wis called "Senator Mitchell," in honor of the gentleman whose name it bears. A mile or two beyond this mammoth rock is the village of Mitchell above mentioned, which con sists of half a dozen new, uniMtinted frame liMtses, with "the po-t office, hotel ami store in one of them, and all cuddled cosily down upon the bosom of a friendly valley, around which great blufl's keep tireless and eternal vigil, like sentinels for ever at their post. Mr. T. N. Surgent, the leading man of the vil lage, and proprietor of the aforesaid hotel, post office and store, welcomed us in the hospitable manner peculiar to the country, and ushered us into the cheery presence of his amiable wife, who informed us that a wedding was in progress, and our help was needed to arrange the drapery of the bride. In a little while all was ready, and the groom-elect, an honest young rancheman from Baker county, led forth the bride, who was lovely to look upon in her floating veil and snowy orange blossoms, and Elder Rowe, who had halted by the way for the purpose, proceeded to pronounce Frank Hundsakcr and Fanny Sargent huslmnd and wife. The wedding was a private allhir, only the parents of the high contracting parties and half a dozen invited guests besides ourself and the stage driver being present. But the occasion was all the more enjoyable because of its simplicity. In a little while we all sat down to a sumptuous feast, and the afternoon was spent in neighborly chit-chat and the friendly interchange of views upon many widely different topics. Where the crowd came from that attended the lecture in the evening, was hard to conjecture; but it was promptly on hand, and a more respect ful and attentive auditory we have never had. Ranchc-men and ranche-women were there, the former roughlj- and warmly chid and fully equipped for the stock business, and the latter, for the most part, pale and anxious-visaged, and ap parently in need of the ducking overcoats and fur lined boots that made the men comfortable and kept thorn warm and jolly. When frontier men and women learn that women must clothe them selves as warmly as men do, there will be far less of 111 health and mortality among pioneer farmers' wives than now. The interest in our work was respectful and demonstrative, anil the women were much encouraged by the favorable opinions of their husbands relative to their inalienable rights. After the lecture, the "boys," as men of all ages are called on the road, to the number of a couple of dozen, began to tune themselves up around the freight wagons and camp-fi res for the dulcet har monies of a grand charivari. The newly-married couple took the hint, and, disguising themselves, departed in a hack for the house of a neighbor, several miles away. It was hardly nine o'clock before the fun began. And such fun ! The "boys" threw stones at the house, and fired blank cart ridges at the windows, and rang discordant bells, and drummed on dry goods boxes, and frightened a baby, and made good Mrs. Sargent nervous and j angry and all for nothing. The married couple had "vamosed the ranche." We thought the musicians had enjoyed about fun enough after half an hour, and the cider ?Irs. Hundsakcr ac companied us out to the teamsters' camp-lire, around which the serenaders had assembled for a few minutes' consultation; and when we gra ciously informed the amateurs that their victims had "skedaddled," it was our turn to enjoy the fun. Some of them held their guns awkwardly in their hands and gazed straight down their noses in silence, others toyed idly with the discordant bolls and said nothing, and others asked ques tions incredulously. After being repeatedly as sured tlnit their game was gone, they felt that their music had been made in vain; but we begged them to believe it was all right. It was a grand serenade, we said, in honor of Mrs. Hundsakcr and ourself in particular, and woman's rights in general. We were very thankful and compli mentary, and bowed ourselves away at the close of the little speech acconiianicd by "Three cheers for the Nkw Northwhst" and a grand "hurrah for Hardscrabble." The revelers then suspected the whereabouts of the bride and groom, and, after further consultation, departed for their place of entertainment But the groom, auticipatingsuch a visit, and determined to mislead them, had hid den his hack in n ravine over am adjoining hill, and, as they could not 11 ml it on the premises, they supposed he had gone in some other direc tion; and they returned, crestfallen but jolly, and consoled themselves by giving another outdoor concert in honor of their own discomfiture. The morrow came, and wc were off for Spanish Gulch, or Camp Watson, the former being the local and the latter the geographical name of the village to which we had previously forwarded the announcement of the next lecture. Our route lay through another long, unvarying stretch of alter nate gorges, vales and mountains, and brought us at three r. M. to the dinner station kept by Mr. Emil Shutz, formerly sheriff of Wasco county, but now an extensive rancheman of Grant. An ex cellent dinner and a pleasant chat with this gen t It-man and his enterprising wife, both of whom are good Woman Suffragists; prepared us for the next ride of a dozen miles to our next appoint ment. Spanish Gulch is a noted mining camp, situated high up in the John Day Valley if that may be Milled a valley which is composed of alternate stretches of mountains, with only deep gulches between. Here are three prosperous mining claims, where men are engaged in Summer in searching through the auriferous rocks with hy draulic rams in quest of yellow ore. At present the mines are idle, owing to the scarcity of water, but the Summer yield has been a good one, and the prospects for the coming year are flattering. We reached the village at nightfall, after having been cheered in the afternoon by information ten dered by the returning stage driver, that the station-keeper and landlord of the one hotel couldn't keep us over night on account of a rush of travel. But we scented the breath of Jacksonville in the story, and pushed confidently on, well knowing there was nothing but a little opposition ahead in the shape of man's rights bulldozing. (We'd use a better word if there were one; but language making isn't our forte, and there's no other that will do the subject justice.) Arriving at the station, we found, as we ex pected, that the landlord had drawn upon his imagination for his facts about the "rush of travel." But we were not without friends, as the sequel proved, for Mrs. Kerns, a bright, Intelligent lady from East Portland, whose husband, Samuel Kerns, Esq., is largely engaged in mining here, had heard of our arrival, and she favored us with an invitation to her cosy and charming cottage, where wc were soon enjoying a hearty welcome and a hospitable board. The station-keeper and landlord had "smothered our bills in committee," and there was no lecture announced. But the amiable schoolma'am, Miss Marshall,- of Linn county, who boards with Mrs. Kerns, had the school-house warm and in order, and the little children soon spread the news of our coming. All the ladies of the place (except the wife of the station-keeper) and all their bright and rosy chil dren, with two or three gentlemen, were soon as sembled at the school-room, and we had a grand good time. We hope the station-keeper will read his good wife's Nkw Northwest during the coming year, and learn therefrom that women who want their rights are making no raid upon his domestic felicity or that of any other man. It is only ignorance, fostered by prejudice, that ever leads any well-intentioned man to oppose the enfranchisement of women or mistreat its advo cates. The bed of the gulch at Camp Watson has been sluiced out, rolled up and turned over in search of gold, till the grounds resemble those around Silver City in Tdaho or Jacksonville In Oregon. Children here are healthy, rosy and numerous, and there is no more hospitable place on the road than this. Several gentlemen returned from a two days' hunt in the adjacent mountains during our visit, bringing with them eleven deer as trophies of their success'. All were sorry that we could not remain for an other lecture, as we were strongly urged to do. At six r. m. we were off again, a night ride of fifty-five Cayusc miles before us. As it was all we could do to see the horses and keep our seat, we must of necessity spare the reader the descrip tion of the country with which he would other wise be alllictcd. Suffice it to say, that the road in most parts was surprisingly good, and the driver the fifth we have traveled with on tlie route informed us that farms abounded upon al most every hand. How long the miles were, and how cold and tired and sleepy we grew, cannot be expressed upon jMipor; and when, at last, at four a. M., we left the rolling upland and rushed for miles adown a zigzag gulc- ItU we reached the City of Canyon, the horses and driver were not more thoroughly rejoiced than we. The City Hotel was full, and could not give us a room till daylight; but the friendly night-watch procured us a room at the Eagle House, where we were sobn fast asleep and as profoundly oblivious to bobbing buck-boards as other sublunary things. The day was spent in rest and repose, and by Monday morning we were ready to work. The Canyon City people are hospitable, accommodat ing and respectful, and it is as surprising as grati fying to note their interest in the Woman Suffrage cause. Our lectures begin to-night, and after they arj over we shall be ready to "rise and report progress." A. S. T. CLEOPATRA'S NEEDLE. THK OLDKSrr NATION IN THK WOKVD TO TK YOUNGUST." The Republicans are pushing the investigation of the Garfield-Morey Chinese letter forgery, and claim to be "closing in on prominent Democrat"." Thy National Democrats Committee has found it necessary to issue an address disclaiming any coijjiucljon vwith tho forgery; but the disclaimer coijrafrverv late," a1Pll possible use was mode of thlOter, even after Garfield had denied it au thorship. BaritOin enn nver convince the pubU" of .his innocence in this matter. It is known that he and his aHoeiates sent telegrams all over the land, and to the Pacific coast in particular, up to the day of the election, trying to bolster up the authenticity of the letter, and lead the voters to believe it genuine. It is among the probabilities tlfat he and other members of the committee, in cluding Abram S. Hewitt, will be punished for Mleir participation in the disgraceful rascality. From tho Olympia Standard: "A woman ad vertises in the Portland Standard for a situation a cook or housekeeper, and closes her announce ment with, No Republican need reply.' That is 'ijuTrying the war into Africa' with a vengeance. While we do not dispute her privilege, of favoring Hancock men, we have always thought it a capi tal idea to corral all the Republic-tin money lying around loose. It keeps just that much out of the corruption fund, you know." Among the strongest supporters of Woman Suffrage are thcagrieultural classes. The Western Light has made some investigations, and it reports that "all Grangers are suffragists." They almost universally "believe in taking their wives to thuir clubs and electing them to offices equally with themselves, and not letting them be wall-flower, to smile and wave handkerchiefs when some as tute citizen is overflowing with eloquence Jit our free' country." From the Canyon City News of the 1.1th inst.: "Perhaps no man in Oregon is a stronger advo cate of Woman Suffrage than Major Magonc. He rode fourteen miles, with one foot disabled and only clothed in a sock, and did without his supper, to hear Mrs. Duniiyay lecture." Eureka C. Browne, a Hobokcn lady, has in vented and received a patent for the "Eureka Street Sweeper," which is pronounced a remarka ble machine by capitalists and railroad men who have examined it. We learn that the Yamhill County Womnn Suffrage Association will soon begin to hold regu lar meetings again. The members are awake to the necessity of doing good work iu the coming four years. The late Mary Shields, of Philadelphia, left an estate valued at nearly $935,000, nearly all in per sonal effects. Her bequests to Pennsylvania chari ties amount to ?S55,000. The Egyptian obelisk, bearing the abore amine, is-now in place in Central Park, New Yrk. It took the name of Cleopatra's Needle, ssjps.tke National Citizen, because that luxurious quean caused it to be transported trom Hjiiopolis, tho City of the Sun, to Alexandria. Cleopatra lived about the time of Christ, but the obelisk had then been standing fifteen hundred years. It -was a thousand and fivohundred yenrsold at Cleopatra's birth. Although its erection was not due to Cleo patra, another more ancient, more powerful queen than she caused it to be hewn from its quarry, covered with hieroglyphics, and set before a tem ple in that olden city of temples, Heliopo lis. Cleopatra was of Greek origin, a Ptolemy, but Queen Hatasu, to whom the obelisk is due, was a Pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty, and one of the wisest and most powerful monarchs thai ever reigned over Egypt. Hers was the golden art age of Egypt, when the whole country was adorned with finest sculpture. Egypt possessed several distinct jHjriodsof archi tecture, known as the pyramid period, the tempio period, and the obelNk period. The obelisk period continued for fifteen hundred years, but was at it" ; culmination during the reign of I fatnsu. The tw largest obeli-ks ever cut from a single stone were those erected by Hatosu before the Divine Gate of, Karnak, the most magnificent temple in Thebes, in honor of tho god Amun-Ra. They were of fclit; rose-colored Syene granite, ninety-four feet u height, the tops broad enough for a hundred men to stand upon, and were ornamented by pyramid of gold made from the spoil of captured enemies. Eighteen figures of life-size were sculptured upon each, and so exquisitely done that it resembles tlie finest intaglios of the Greeks rather than -sculpture. No tools known to moderns are capablaof doing such work to-day. One of them Is still standing where first erected three thousand fie hundred years ago, and still bears record to tho world that it wis erected in the sixteenth year of Hatasn's reign. The quarries from whence thoy were brought were six hndrni m!ic f-nT'b?. Modern science, with all its boasted advancement, could not to-day cut such monuments as these or move them into place. These two obelisks are very much larger than Cleojmtra's Needle pre sented to the United States by the Khedive. This needle, which must be remembered as also dating back to Hatusa's reign, is seventy feet square at, the base, five feet three inches on top, and weighs two hundred tons. It is in as perfect condition as the day it left the quarry, a thousand live hundred years before Christ. It is a monument that ha been conspicuous iu history for ages, not only for the fifteen hundred years it did duty as a religiout monument in the City of the Sun, but for the nineteen hundred years it stood by the sea in that city built by Alexander the Great, until now, un wrecked by time, solid and unbroken, but brows from the storms of nearly four thousand years, it has been brought to adorn the proudest city of the new world. At the time this obelisk was hewn, not only was the throne of Egypt occupied by a powerful quccu, but women over the whole land were on an equal ity with men. They entered the professions, wero priests and physicians, "the medicines of the daughters of Egypt" being mentioned by the prophet Jeremiah. A queen of Egypt, Aleandra, wife of Polybius, gave to Helen of Troy the famous, potion Nepenthes, which was said to cure sor row and render a person insensible to pain. Women taught in temples of learning, woman1 colleges abounding. In one of these Moses re ceived his training. The women of Egypt were engaged in commerce and manufactures, although the men chiefly wove, and Herodotus paints the latter as sitting in the house at work while their wives traded in the markets. Every position open to man in Egypt was also open to woman, and now that we shall have this obelisk of forty centu ries looking down upon us, we hope the inspira tion of its presence, the message of equality it car ries, and its record of woman's power in the past, will be to the men of our country a constant re minder of woman's inequality here. Over tire door of the Egyptian Pavilion at the Centennial Exposition was this inscription: "The Oldest Na tion in the World to tho Youngest." May this monument of the oldest nation in the world bo a constant reminder to the youngest that rights.are not of sex, but belong to humanity. Buffalo Bill (Hon. Wm. F. Cody), "the scout, actor and statesman," is a pronounced advocate of universal suffrage. The passage of the Woman Suffrage resolution by the last Legislature has given an impotus to the cause, and before another Legislature assembles the question will be thoroughly agitated. The Republican ratification mooting on las Friday evening was large and enthusiastic.