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Kkke Si'Eixir, Fiikk Pittas, Fkek People. VOLUME X. NO. 11. PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 18S0. PER YEAR $3 00. i 1 il EASTERN OREGON. XltS; 1UJTIVAY DBSCKI11KS HBIt VISIT TO CANTON AJI PKAIItIR CITIBS AND TIIK KIDK TO J1AKKK SCKNKS AND INCIDKNTS. 5HE. JinaS MAXY TRIKNIKS OP WOMAN HLTPHAnB TIIK GRANT COUNTY SOCIErY A VJ.VB TO BS IMUtKU AT I'RUKIK CITY. Bakuk City, November 15, 1SS0. Djlvn Kkadkks op ran N'kw Nokthwrst: The more we see of Cnnyon City the more we are amazed at the pioneer thrift and industry that has hewed 'out the necessary accompaniments of our higher civilization and planted the standard of domestic life in the very heart of the rugged gold fields. The town is long and narrow, re minding us of a barn we once read of, which was claimed to be six hundred feet long and only six foet wide. The business of the place occupies the one continuous street, both sides of which are closely lined with stores, saloons, hotels, markets and residences. A number of short side streets branch away into the near-by mountain gorge?, leading to comfortable residences and tasty llower gardens. These streots are as crooked as the famous cow paths of Boston, and their sidewalks though primitive, beat nothing by long odds when the weather is bad. At the end of the main street stands the vine embowered cottage where the now famous Joaquin Miller lived while a resident of Grant county. AVe carried away an apple as a souvenir of the first orchard ever planted in the county, gathered from a tree raised by the Oregon poet. It is a Tolpeharen" if we spell it right and as hard as the heart of a man who would desert his family for the bubble of fame. ' There are three churches, the Catholic, Episco pal and Methodist, in Canyon City, and an excel lent district school, with Mr. and Mrs. M. N. Bouham as teachers. "We did not meet the Cath olic priest or the Episcojral clergyman, both of whom reside elsewhere, but we formed the ac quaintance of Rev. G. E. Wilcox, of the Methodist church, and are happy to be able to testify that he is not only a aealous preacher who is progressive enough to draw large congregations, but is also a stanch Woman Suffragist, who, like many other clergymen we could name, is proud to lead in the work, as becometh a valiant soldier for the right. The stores of Canyon City are large and flour ishing, Messrs. Sels, Muldrick, Clark, Uunlach ami Metschan being tiie leading merchants. A prosperous livery stable is well kept by Mr. I. II. Wood. Dr. Horsley's drug store does a thriving business. Messrs. Herberger ami Gray keep ex cellent meat markets, ami Mrs. E. Turk, whose husband met a melancholy fate last Spring under peculiar circumstances, keeps the store he left and heroically supports her large family. Miss Mary Douthit is proprietor of a very choice line of mil liner' and keeps a handsome little store, our only complaint being that she sells her first-class goods too cheap. The two hotels one kept by Mr. awl Mrs. Thompson and one by John Segerdahl, are comfortable and orderly tempera nee house. The post office Mr. E. Hall, P. M. does an immense money order business, and the daily mail is a great convenience to everylmdy. Lawyers abound in the place, Mr. M. V. Olmsted being the lead ing disciple of Blackstonc who patronizes the People's Paper. Among the ladies whose ac quaintance we shall prize while memory huts be sides those above mentioned, are Mesdames Oim stead, Rulison, Sels, Kuhl, .Southworth, Gray, Horsley, J-ockwood, Herberger, Metschau, Shop awl, Trowbridge, Southerland, and many others, all being amiable, intelligent and womanly, and ail, of course, wanting to vote. We acknowledge ourself under special obliga tion to R. Iockwood, Esq., the obliging deputy sheriff, who gave the use of the Court House for the lectures; also to Professor Baldwin, the efli cient band master, and his obliging pupils who favored us with excellent music, thereby contrib uting largely to the success of the meetings. Tills band, after only two and a half months of praetice, would do honor to any company of amateur musi cians in any country. Mr. S. H. Shcpard, editor of the fSrnu' ('unity jVf, is running a paper well up wth the spirit Of the times. Politics in Grant county are Democratic in ma jority, many of the ladies leiiig earnest Demo crats who want to vote, and whom we would like to introduce to the editors of the Pendletm AW Orcronian, the Jacksonville 'lXme and the Port land Standard. The acquaintance would do them good, for the ladies could teach them a badly needed li ;on. There are also earnest Republican partisans here among the ladies, whom we would be specially glad to see forming the acquaintance of the editors of tho Jacksonville Sentinel and the HiHsboro Independent. Some. men who can never loarn anything from the sensible women in their own neighborhoods might yet be able to learn the truth if they could see equally sensible ladies from abroad. Major Joseph Magone, whose untiring assiduity in the Woman Suffrage cause had already paved the way for our visit, rode in on horseback, though a rheumatic invalid, a distance of fourteen Cay use miles, to attend the lectures. The Major may be a little sensitive about his age, being a widower, but rumor places him at about seventy; and yet he is moreenterprisingand public-spirited than many men of forty. The Grant County Fair, which was inaugurated and has been carried for ward mainly through his exertions, was a finan cial and popular success this year, and the Major deserves great credit for his zeal in the work. The weather, which was line at the opening of the lectures, grew fearfully bad as they proceeded; but the good people, nothing daunted, assembled to hear them nightly, the attendance each evening being large, and the order and appreciation all we could ask for or expect. As an evidence that our labor was not in vain, we are proud to state that, on tho afternoon of the 12th, a convention of gen tlemen and ladies of Canyon City met at the Methodist church and organized the Grant County Woman Suffrage Association. A constitution, briefly stating the objects of the Association, and making it auxiliary to the State Society, was adopted. Mrs. Duniway gives the list of olllcers of the society, the proceedings of the meeting, and the resolutions adopted, which we have marked out of her letter, as the matter was published on the fourth page of tho New Nokthwbst of last week. Jvs. En. The next meeting of the so ciety will be held on Thursday, Novo nbor 18th, for the purjMise of adopting by-laws and arranging for the future work of the Association. Our labors being over in Canyon City for tho present, we reluctantly bade our many friends adieu, and on Thursday morning mounted the Baker City buck-board, our destination Prairie City, lifted! miles further on our Wintry way The snow lay on the ground like a mantle of ermine, profusely besprinkled with diamond dust. and the air was biting and keen. Our route lay through John Day town, which by daylight showed to much better advantage than when we had seen it skeleton proportions in the darkness on a former occasion. We should have been pleased to tarry here for a season if the weather had jiermitted. ' There is here an excellent grist mill and a line hot-house. The gulches, as at Canyon City, are all burrowed out, and the gravel Iteds have all been worked, sluiced and turned over. The mines in these regions are by no means exhausted, and we have no doubt that diggings equal to any yet known await the future discovery of somebody. On ami on and on goes the bobbing buck-board, through n winding and widening valley, with mining cabins here and there, and big ranches there and yonder, and at noon we halt at Prairie City, a literal village of the plain, where we take refuge at the primitive hotel kept by J. W. Mack, Esq., formerly of Linn county, and where we are, of course, at home. Here wu shiver around the red-hot stove till lecture time, when we repair to Grange Hull, a commodious and comfortable audi torium, and meet a large, orderly, intelligent am respectable multitude of farmers, miners, me- chanics, merchants and stockmen, and nearly an equal number of equally intelligent and enterpris ing business women, with their rosy children and good-natured babies. Professor Baldwin, who alo ha a band of cornet pupils at this place, again favored the public with excellent music; and tho lecture, which was voted a success in every way, held the people in silent attention to a laU hour. In the morning, accompanied by Mrs. S. M, Cleaver, a successful dry goods merchant, whose enterprising husband keejw a Hour and general produce emporium next door, we sallied forth in the snow a-eanvnssing, and, thanks to Mrs. C, we met with excellent success. We formed many new acquaintances and met quite a number of old-time friends. Among the latter were Mrs. S E. Settlemire and Mr. and Mrs. Hardman, for mcrly of Linn county. The public school, kept by Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Fweek, is in a nourishing condition. A gentlemanly blacksmith, whom we found hard at work at his anvil, subscribed for the People's Pajer, after assuring us that he was pleased to know that we were not only not an on emy to men, but had always been their linn friend on general principles. Surely nothing but con science has ever made the newspapers such cow ards in the past, as fo lead them to puhlis'h us, though a mother of men, as a man-hater. AVe met .1 nice old bachelor miner living at Dayville, who deserves a good wife and a better lot than single loueliness, and several other bachelors, whom we advised to subscribe for this journal and carry it with them when they go a-courting, and show it to their sweethearts. Resides the Cleav ers, there are engaged in merchandising the firms of Shearer & Laurance and W. J. Galbreath & Co., md Mr. W. R. Fisk. We found all the people ready for the gospel of peace on earth and good will to men and women, and not or.e lady who did not want to vote. They intend to form a Woman Suffrage club here, that will be auxiliary to the Grant County W. S. A. High noon and stage time. Again we mount the buck-board, wrapped like an Esquimau, and hot rocks at our feet. The rarefied atmosphere cuts our breath and freezes veil and nubia stark still"; but the sun shines, and we jog along without much discomfort. Two o'clock and dinner, after which we journey on again, climbing up and up into the snow belt, and atter awhile entering a mighty forest of yellow pine and mammoth fir and deciduous taumrac, all loaded down with snow blankets, and all as white :nd stark and cold as Vpernavik ever was in mid-Winter. All the ifturnoon and till nine at night we plowed through tiie snow in the dazzling moonlight, passing Burnt River so near itssource that a little foot-bridge spans it, and coming down at last to the :foothilIs, -where we were yet seven thousand feet above the level of the sea. Here we emerged into a little open prairie, guarded all around by tall timber, and halted, after half an hour's further driving, at the hotel in the solitary wilderness, whore we were welcomed bv the obliging land lord, Mr. W. C. Parker, and his hospitable wife, and were soon shivering beside the glowing stove and enjoying a supper of venison steaks and baked potatoes. Slept at night with hot irons in the bed, in an unfinished room, where a rift in the outer wall close to our nose reminded us, even in our dreams, that it was mid-Winter. Spent the follow ing day in agreeable chat with the landlady and in patting hergrei.t dog, Tiger, who beats a Gat ling gun on short range as a defense against wild beasts or wilder savages. 1 lo has more sense, too, than many a voter we wot,jof,for it is easy enough to seo that he is all right on tho woman question; and he won't drink whisky. Nine i it., and stage time again. We wrap in overcoats and furs and blankets till a grasshopper wuuutw a burden, and climb to our perch on the buck-board and bowl away, leaving Tiger to the solitary association of his gitod mistress and Nieo dcruas the cat. That night ride to Baker City will never be forgotten. How the stage-drivers endure the alternate cold ami heat and mud ami dustlhey encounter yearly in carrying the mail is beyond our comprehension. Ami then the miles are m long ami crooked tliat they must have been measured on writhing anacondas. No Cayuse horse could have done them justice. But the country, mountain and plain alike, is passing beautiful, ami there is vacant land enough adja cent to the stage lines to make ten thousand farms. The land fever catche, or rather we catch it, every Autumn. There is apparent! v enough timber on these mountains to supply the world for centuries, and prairies enough to raise the wheat And graze the cattle of a score of Middle States. Nobody can thoroughly know Oregon until permitted to travel over the entire State on a tjuck-board or the driver's seat of a Concord coach. The friendly moon, which had dazzled us witli its radiant light through tho long hours of the arctic ride, sank below tho horizon at four a m., but at this altitude tho day was even then breaking; and the rush of cold air that even in mid summer heralds the approaching dawn, is sucl: at this season of the year as to chill the very mar row bones of the benighted wanderer. How glad we were to discover tho dim outlines of Baker City in the hazy distance, we can never tell you, good render. Wo shook as if in an ague fit, and if our tocth had been false we should surelv have losttilem. But the weary and faithful horses jogged steadUy on, bringing us nearer at every bound of the iHimping buck-board. If there isn't a horse heaven, there ought to bo. AVe had loft the snow behind us and on the mountains round about, and the bare frozen ground was rougher than a cordu roy budge. s Sixto'eloek, and Raker City. The brick hotel whenj we halted was overcrowded, and we could not get a room, but the landlord kindly procured us a refuge at Mrs. .Howard's home for travelers. wh era we soon fell asleep, ami went to dreaming that everybody was an actor and all the world a buck-boa lit To-day (Monday we have accepted the invita tion of Mr. and Mrs. J. AV. Cleaver, and liave be- iiiiuc ii guwi ai meir uopimuie noine. Mrs. Cleaver's mother, Mrs. SM. Peters, and her sister. Miss Georgia Peters, of Portland, are-here visitimr for tho; AVinter, and their many friends in the val ley will be pleased to learn that they are well and happy. Thislevening we are to begin a course of lectures in tho Court House. Adieu till next week. i A. S. D. A pally of twenty-one ladies in New York City have filed articles of incorporation of a society for the care of infanta and young children. A SOCIETY FOR POLITICAL EDUCATION. There ha.s recently been established in New York an association .under the name of "The So ciety for Political Education," which claims to be 'non-partisan in its character and, in the ba& disc, National in its scope." It is to be marnw;ci by an Executive Committee of twenty-five mem- hers selected from different sections of the Ffilteil tates, "many of them being experts in different lepartments of the study of social and political cience." A singular feature of its organization is that it has no President, and thus avoids the risk of having its aims confounded with the idio syncrasies of any individual chosen for its head. It will have five Corresponding Secretaries, one each for the East, the Northwest, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the Pacific slope. Its Execu tive Committee is not yet filled up, but it now comprises Prof. AV. G. Sumner, of Yale College, New Haven; Hon. David A. AArells, of Norwich, Conn.; Charles Francis Adams. Jr.. of Boston. Ma.-s. ; and several other gentlemen from differ ent sections of the country. R. L. Dugdale, Sec retary for the East, No. 79 Fourth avenue, Note- York, or M. L. Scudder, Secretary for the Nortli- west, No. 40 Portland Block, Chicago, will furnish any desired information of the Society's plans. The course of reading for the year will be Nord- bofPs "Politics for Young Americans," Perry's "Introduction to Political Economy," Johnson's "History of American Politics," and McAdani'a ' "Alphabet in Finance." These volumes will be issued in a cheap edition, costing only 53 00. Next year another set of books will be selected, and it is planned to extend the library gradually according to the growth of the Society, until at tention shall have been given to the whole range " of subjects comprised under social seienee. At. the indications are favorable for the enfranchise- ' ment of women in Oregon, the different suffrage societies should secure these books. AVhile a rood portion of the members are familiar with,. American political history and economy, yet allj would be benefited by studying standard books. When women rote, a better element will be In troduced in public affairs, and this element must be politically educated. There is too much ignor ance among tiie voters of the present, and the voters of the future must be preimred to correct error and abuses. . A young lady in Connecticut, feeling a desire to contribute personally to the triumph of Remtbli- m. - a. - m. can ism, had her father's horse harnessed on elec tion day, and earned Republican voters to the polls all the morning. She was treated with dis tinguished consideration. No fear was expressed, that she was in danger of degradation. No ery was raised that she was "out of her sphere.' But had she, after coming to the polls without con- ' tamination, offered to slip a little piece of unde- filed paper into the ballot-box, the howlers would have commenced their cries about the terrible " ruin threatening her. The Republican party, like the Democratic, is very willing to have tho help of women, provided the women don't wish to help themselves at the same time. The Towa AVomnh Suffrage Convention, which was held at Fort Dodge on tiie 12th ultimo, is said by a local paper to have been "eminently respectable in the number and personnel of dele gates," there being present "a very good number of ladies of ability and social position in the State." The otlicers of the society are : President, Mrs. (Caroline A. Ingham ; Corresponding Secre tary, Mrs. Iiiuim A. Berry; Recording Secretary, Mrs. N. IK Allen. Executive Committee Mjs M. J. Coggeahall, Mrs. J. C. MeKinney, Mm. M., G. Davenport, Mrs. M. C. Haviland, Mrs. E. HI Hunter, Mrs. L. B. Recti, Mrs. M. A. P. Darwin, Mrs. M. AV. Campbell, Mrs. M. J. Green. Edward D. Mansfield, who died recently at his home near Morrow, Ohio, contributed much to aid the woman's rights movement in its early days by the publication of a volume on Unr. "Legal Rights of Women." This book showed . the disabilities of wives as they then existed, 'and. the very statemcut of them in a consecutive man ner called attention of both men and women to . the cruel ami barbarous laws which afflicted wives, and by which they were held in subjection. . Mr. Mansfield was a distinguished lawyer, ami hTa book carried the weight of his name and position,. and was a great help. Mrs. Hayes, wife of tho President, and Mia Waite, wife of the Chief Justice, have been elected j respectively President and ATice-President of tha AVoman's National Relief Society. AVisconsin lias introduced the Constitution of the United States as an obligatory study hi hjer" public schools. Every State in tho Union )ontd do likewise.