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The voice of freedom. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1839-1848, February 23, 1839, Image 3

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THE VOICE OF F II ErE DOM.
ed lovers of liberty. At the seat of a professedly
free government, ore to be seen not merely thous
ands of slaves, but slave prisons, slave markets,
slave dealers, and droves of manacled slaves on
their way to be sold in different markets, like
beasts of burden. Were our own countrymen
free from such flagrant inconsistency, what would
be the feelings and the .language ot our travellers,
should they witness in London or Paris, such
abominations as are to be witnessed in Washing
ton ? Much has been said of our struggle for lib
erty, and the freedom thus obtained, as an exam
ple for other nations. But what is our example
adapted to teach better than this, that it is very
possible for a people to fight for their own liber
ty, as one of the inalienable rights of man, and
yet become guilty of holding mi lions of fellow
beinffs as property, to be bought and sold like asses
and mules.Cand subjected to the most degradmg
Servitude If the principles of liberty and the
rights of man are better understood in our coun
try, than in any other, then of our course our guilt
in treating men as property surpasses the guilt of
any other nation, r or to him that knoweth to do
good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin ; and he that
knows his Master's will, and does it not, may just
ly be beaten with many stripes. As surely then
as there is a God who judgeth in the earth, so
surely the slavery of our country will bring evil
on its population. The volcano will explode, and
fill the land with desolation and horror, unless the
evil shall be averted by speedy reformation.
A Point Settled.
It is a settled point, with all the intelligent and
worthy of our people, that they will live and die
in their native land. Liberia, Canada, Hayti, or
any other foreign, civilized or barbarous land, shall
never attract them from their homes, nor alienate
them from their country. Here they will remain
and see " the salvation of God." It is idle to talk
of getting them away, and he who indulges such
an idea or hope be he a colonizationist or an
anti-colonizationist, is a simpleton or a knave, and
will yet see his wickedness, or be exposed in his
folly.
, This being the case, this important point being
settled, ought we not, therefore, to use all dili
gence to improve our condition, and elevate our
character ? livery thing that can be done by re
ligious lives, cultivated intellects, industrious hab
its, and by enterprising, economical efforts, should
be done. No departments of trade, mechanics nor
husbandry should be unexplored or untried bv us.
We are not willing to live, nor will we live, as
interiors to our white brethren, in any thing, with
which good morals, industrious habits, or cultiva
ted intellects have to do. Nor will we ever rest
content, until our beloved America is emancipated
irom every vestige 01 slavery and ot unhallowed
prejudice, and all her citizens, bearing the "moral
image of God, are elevated and established in the
true dignity of men and freemen and God is
glorified in them all. Colored American.
Confirmation of Sheridan's testimony con
cerning Liberia. The Pennsylvania Freeman
says, that Davis Thomas, a member of the Meth
odist Church, in good standing in this tity, (Phila
delphia) who accompanied Gov. Matthias to Libe
ria as a machinist,and who, we believe.sympathizes
with him in his opposition to the abolitionists, when
ever questioned on the subject, confirms in a great
degree, the statement in Sheridan's letter. He
says it is to hard to find language to describe the
.wretchedness of the people at Edina, Bassa Cove,
and Monrovia that he cannot see how people
can tell such good tales of the place after visiting
it, for there is nothing but misery to look at ;
rats, mice, and monkeys are resorted to as food
and that he has seen some Kroomen in the Gov
ernor's employ, divide among themselves, and ea
gerly swallow, the entrails of a sword fish, as well
as several half digested small fish, which it had
swallowed. He states that Gov. Matthias fixed
the price on the articles sold from the store, in con
junction with Doctor Johnson, and sold molasses at
$1 25 per gallon, and flour at $16 per barrel. He
thought that the Governor had certainly a chance
to get rich from the power which he possessed.
He states that slave ships used to put in two miles
from Gov. M.'s house, and that the small traders
who sometimes purchased of the Governor, traffic
ked with the slaves. A colonists' woman who
washes for him, on one occasion sold the slavers
some boards to make pens for the slaves.
"Our Fathers: where are theyV The follow
ing are among the "instructions" given by the
town of Worcester, in 1767, to its representatives
in the General Court of Massachusetts:
"That you use your influence to obtain a law to
put an end to that unchristian and impolitic prac
tice of making slaves of the human species in this
province ; and that you give your vote for none to
serve in his Majesty's Council, who, you may have
reason to think, will use their influence against such
law, or that sustain any office incompatible with
such trust; and in such choice, prefer such gentle
men, and such only, who have distinguished them
sejveslh thedefence of our liberty." Mass. Abo,
Totw elaves, their ages not exceeding sixteen
years, vre to be executed at Norfolk, (Va.) on the
second Friday in April, for burglary. The laws
of the slavenolding states specify 71 crimes Tor
which slaves are punished with death? Can so
barbarous a code be found elsewhere on the face
iof the globe ? Vt. Telegraph.
A Convention of delegates has been held
in the Territory of Florida, to form a constitution of
mate Government, with a view to admission into
the Union. The Constitution prohibits the Leg
islature from enacting Laws for the emancipation
of slaves. This is a matter in which the North
have some concern. What have the North to do
with slavery V We shall see. Ch. Reflector.
Foreign JVewst
From the Commercial Advertiser.
VERY LATE FROM ENGLAND.
VIOLENT STORM-THREE PACKETS
LOST.
Oar late storm seems to have been far exceeding in ie
erity and extent of disaster by one which swept over the
West of England on the 6th of January. No less than
13 columns of the "Liverpool Mail" are filled with de
tails of Its ravages. In that town the damage was so
great that not one street entirely escaped. Great numbers
of.chimnfei were blown down, crushing the houses in their
fall roofs were carried away garden walls prostrated,
fcc. and, in some instances, entire houses were reduced
to heaps pf ruins. Several lives were lost but in a ery
extraordinary number of cases, persona who were buried
by (he fall of bricks and ruins, were subsequently extrica
ted alive, and for the most part little injured, '
The disaster! among the shipping were terrible. No
leu than, three of the New ork pack eta were lost the
nfnr,l, St. Andrew, 'arid Pennsylvania. The Oxford went
on shore in Bootle Bay, on the night of the 6th, with all
h.r masts standing. J. no next morning, me passengers
IS in number with the captain and crew, landed in safety,
with their luggage. The masts fell in the course of the
fcltfht. I
Near to the same spot, the steamer Redwintf a tender
for the mail went ashore. So violent was the hurricane,
that although the Redwing had three anchors' out, and her
lull power of steam on, one of the cables snapped, and the
other two anchors dragged, the vessel going bodily on
snore, till at last the captain was obliged to sup his cables,
to avoid running into the Oxford. The wind then drove
the vessel on her beam ends and being unable to get her
head to windward, she wont on shore sideway.
, The St. Andrew struck on the Burbo Sands. The pas
sengers were taken off by a steam vessel, the Victoria.
High encomiums are paid, in the Liverpool papers, to the
cool and steady conduct of Capt. Thompson. The ship
was a total wreck.
The ship Lockwoods with a great number of passen
gers on board went upon the North Bank, her fore and
main roasts falling in the shock. She was boarded by the
same steamer, the Victoria, which took on thirty-three
passengers and about seventeen of the crew. Forty or fif
ty persons were believed to have perished on board the
Lockwoods.
The packet-ship Pennsylvania went on the same North
Bank, about a quarter of a mile eastward of the Lock
woods, where her hull was nearly covered by the sea.
The captain, crew, and passengers, were seen in the rig
ging on Tuesday, the 8th. On that evening, the steamer
Victoria put off to their assistance, and was within sight
of them the next mording, but could render them no aid.
The sufferers could be seen in the rigging, and their cries
could be heard.
One of the passengers Mr. Thompson, of New York
had been seen by Captain Nye, of the Independence, at
Leasowe. He reported, that himself and three other pas
sengers and five seamen left the ship in one of the boats,
which was swamped, and the other eight were drowned.
Mr. Thompson ascribed hit own safety to a life preserver
which he had on.
It was reported on the 10th, that 2G persons had been
rescued from the Pennsylvania 44 from the Lockwoods
and 23 from the St. Andrew.
The accounts from the interior are quite as frightful as
those from the sca-coast. At Manchester, the violence of
the storm was terrific. In the surrounding country the
destruction of trees was immense. In one park alone 150
were prostrated, and 170 more very much injured by the
loss of large limbs and branches. Atl Blackburn, no less
than eleven factories had their chimnies levelled, doing
great damage in their full.
The storm extended to Ireland, committing great ravages
in Dublin and other places.
Seven days later. The ravages of the hurricane
appear to have extended all over the island and to have
been felt in Ireland and the Isle of Man. The loss of
lives, both in these last mentioned inlands and in Scotland,
appears to hare been very great.
Ireland, from Londonderry to Cork, and from Dublin to
Galway was swept by the tempest in an awful manner
leaving the country a Bcene of desolation.
At Gallway five persons were kill. At Athelone from
45 to 50 houses were blown down. Orchards, groves, av
enues of trees in every direction were lain prostrate. Two
thousand trees were blown down on one estate; on anoth
er, the estate of Lord Chaleville, near Fullamore, upwards
of 1000 worth of timber were destroyed. Troops of
workmen are employed in cutting timber to clear the roads
The passenger on board the Lockwoods, who refused to
leave his wife in a dying state, was afterwards, with her,
brought safely to land.
We perceive that 900 bales of cotton on board the Vic
toria, from Charleston, ashore at Casowe, have been saved
without, damage.
The Liverpool Albion of the 12th, savs that the St. An
drew, Pennsylvania, kockwood, and Brighton, were or
would be total wrecks; that much of their cargoes was al
ready washed out and strewed along the shore.
Dreadful Earthquake at Martinique.
By the Pauline, which sailed from St. Pierre on the 12th
ult., and at New Orleans on the 3d inst., information is
brought, givine: the particulars of a terrible earthquake
which visited that island on the 11th ultimo, and spread
ruin and havoc over the whole French colony. The de
vastation was immense. Accounts were coming in, des
cribing the destruction of buildings the laying waste of
plantations" add the swallowing up and burial of many
families. Of the towns, Port Royal appears to have been
the greatest sufferer.
The last shock of the earthquake left scarce a building
stadning, and the whole city may be said to be overwhelm
ed, tour hundred persons, it is supposed, were buried
under the ruins. Of these, three hundred had been with
drawn from under the wreck and rubbish ; and excavations
were going on, to extend relief to others in the same situa
tion. In the town of Pierre, the shock was not so severe as at
Port Royal. The commotion lasted about five minutes.
The Governor of Martinique has issued his proclamation,
calling upon the citizens to succor each other in their
frightful disaster, and promising the sympathy and assis
tance of the French Government.
Hundreds of plantations on the island had been utterly
destroyed, and intelligence of new disasters was contin
ually pouring into the town.
To augment, if possible, this sad calamity, the yellow
fever committed terrible ravages. Among other victims,
is M. Lucotte, aid-de-camp to the Governor.
If o me stic
From the Boston Atlas.
HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM THE NORTH-EASTERN
BOUNDARY CAPTURE AND IMPRISON
MENT OF THE LAND AGENT OF MAINE!!
Correspondence of the Atlas.
State House, Augusta, )
February 15, 1839. )
Information was received here this morning from the Ex
pedition that was sent by our State authorities a few days
since, to arrest the trespassers on the public lands near the
Aroostook river. Before the Land Agent with his forces
reached the territory occupied by the trespassers, they had
received information of the movement against them; and
the most of them had removed with their teams over the
line into the province of New Brunswick, where they have
embodied and armed a force of about three hundred men.
The authorities sent from this State succeeded in arresting
about twenty men, with a few teams, which they suppose to
have been engaged in committing trespasses on the public
lands, and they are on their way to Bangor, guarded by a
sufficient forpe,
The Land Agent, Mr Mclntire, with four other gentle
men, left the main body of his forces, and went about four
miles to put up for the night. The trespassers got informa
tion of this, and at midnight surrounded the house, and
took Mr Molntire, the Land Agent, and Messrs Gustavus
Cushman and J. H. Pillsbury of Bangor, and Thos. Bart
lelt and Col. Ebenezer Webster of Orono, who were with
him, into custody, and up to the time when the messenger
who brings the information, left, it could not be ascertain
ed what had been done with them. Three persons had
been sent to where the trespassers were encamped, to as
certain, but they were all detained. The forces pf this
State have eneamped near the Aroostook, about four miles
from the line, and are waiting for a reinforcement and or
ders from the Governor.
I learn that Col. J. P. Rogers of Bangor, has been sent
this morning to Fredericton to demand of Sir J. Harvey the
release of Mr Mclntire and the others who were taken, if in
his custody, and to Ascertain if the movements of the tres
passers are sanctioned by the British authorities.
This information resetted here this morning, and was
brought by Hastings Strickland, Esq. Sheriff of Penobscot
county, who accompanied the expedition to the Aroostook,
and who oame through express to communicate with the
Executive, and inform him of the abduction of the Land
Agent, Ypu can rely on it as being substantially eoirect.
The oiroumstanoes which led to the arrest of Mr Mcln
tire by the British authorities, are briefly thesei
On the 28d of January last, Gov. Fairfield addressed a
confidential message to the Legislature of Maine, recom
mending the passage of a resolution empowering the Land
I Agept to proceed to th Aroostook river. with a sufficient
force, and disperse the trespassers from the British province
of New Brunswick, who were extensively engaged in the
work of devastation and plunder upon the lands belonging
to Maine. The following resolution was accordingly pas
sed by. both houses on tjie following day!
state of maine!
Resolve relating to trespasser! upon the Public Lands.
.. Resolved, That the Land Agent be and hereby js au
thorized and required to employ forthwith sufficient force
to arrest, detain and imprison al1 persons found trespassing
on the territory of this State as bounded and established
by the treaty of 1783, and that the Land Agent be and is
hereby empowered to dispose of all the teams, lumber and
other materials in the hands and possession of said tres
passers in such way und manner as he may deem necessa
ry and expedient at the time, by destroying the same or
otherwise. And that the sum of ten thousand dollars be
and hereby is appropriated for the purpose of carrying this
Resolve into effect, and that the Governor, with the advice
of the Council, be and is hereby anthorized to draw his
warrant from time to time, for such sums as may ho requi
red for the purposes aforesaid.
January 24, 1889. Approved:
JOHN FAIRFIELD.
Thus authorized to act, the Land Agent made his prepa
rations, and leu Bangor for the Aroostook river with a
company of one hundred and fifty men, a force which he
deemed sufficient to drive off the trespassers and prevent
further pillage. He was accompanied by Mr Strickland,
Sheriff of Penobscot countv.
STILL LATER.
From the Bangor Democrat of Saturday.
NEWS FROM THE AROOSTOOK.
Seizure and imprisonment of American Citizens!
The expedition against the trespassers, under the direc
tion of the Land Agent, arrived at the mouth of the little
Aladawaska last Tuesday night. -Most "of the trespassers
had left before the expedition arrived at the theatre of ope.
rations, but. a company of 20 men, driving before them
ineir teams, wag overtaken. VV hen the expedition came
up with them, five armed men were found stationed on the
road, in rear of the teams, who discharged their muskets,
but with small efiect. Thereupon the whole were taken
into custody, but subsequently all but five of their ring
leaders were discharged.
It was supposed that no further resistance would be made
that the trespassers had completely and finally abandon.
ed the ground, and the expedition returned to the mouth of
the ot. Lroix. The Land Agent, Mr G. G. Cushman of
this city, and Mr I nomas Bartlett of Orono, were induced
by Col. Webster and Mr Pillsbury, not belonging to the
expedition, but who were engaged in other business, to go
down the river some half a dozen miles from the encamp,
ment, to a Mr Fitzherbert's, on the pica of obtaining a com.
fortable night's rest. While there they were taken in the
night, and disposed of in a manner, as will be seen by the
subjoined letter, received in this city last evening, giving
an account of a meeting holden in Houlton. The letter is
dated
"Houston, Feb. 14, 1839.
"Night before last the Hon. Rufus Mclntire, Land Agent,
G. G. Cushman and Thomas Bartlett Esars. attached to
the expedition, and Col. Ebenezer Webster and John II
Pillsbury, of Orono, who were not part of said expedition,
put up at Mr Fitzherbert's, about one n.ile and a half west
of the Province line, on their way to the mouth of the A.
roostook, where they expected to meet the Warden of the
Disputed Territory, (Mr McLaughlin,) for the purpose of
consultation, &c. as to the objects of the expedition, about
twelve o clock at night were awakened by a mob of armed
men entering the house, numbering from 20 to 25, by whom
they were peremptorily ordered to get up, dress Si go with
them. On being asked by what authority they were thus
molested, the attacking party made a display of their arms,
saying that was the authority.
"They, the Land Agent and the others were then taken
as prisoners, about six miles to a Mr Tibbetts on the St.
Johns, where they were kept quartered till the next morn
ing, when they were taken down I lie river to Wakefield,
12 miles above Woodstock, as prisoners, where they arri
ved to-day, Messrs Webster and Pillsbury having been re
leased at the former place as not belonging to the expedi
tion, and the others were brought into Woodstoc't, where
they arrived to-day about 10 or 11 o clock, A. M. Here
the proceedings of the mob were sanctioned by a consulta
tion of magistrates, a company of militia were called out
and paraded before the inn where the prisoners were quar
tered, the doors were guarded by armed sentinels, and no
American citizen permitted to see them unless by special
consent. Between 12 and 1 o'clock this day, they, the
Land Agent, Messrs Cushman and Bartlett, were sent,
strongly guarded by armed men, on a horse-sled, to Fred
erickton, for the all edged purpose of being committed to
jail, or to wait the pleasure of the Lieut. Governor. The
prisoners were informed by a man named Dow, who head
ed the party at Fitzherbert's, that there was a force of 200
men, including 25 Indians, who were hired for the purpose,
all armed, who would attack last night a part of their force,
who had in custody about a dozen trespassers whom they
had taken prisoners, rescue and arm said prisoners, and
then make an attack at night on the main body of our for
ces. The arsenal at Woodstock was broken open a few
nights since, and some two hundred stand of arms taken out.
"This information comes authenticated bv citizens of
this town, and other persons who were also at Fitzherbert's,
Tibbett's, &c, where the events related took place. It is
seriously apprehended here that there was an attack and
bloodshed last night. There is a messenger despatched to
Woodstock to-night, for the purpose of learning if these
apprehensions are well founded. When this is known, you
will be forthwith apprised of the same. The prisoners were
informed by two magistrates to-day at Woodstock, that
they would be taken to Frederickton under the escort of the
captain of the militia company, (then paraded,) and they
were accordingly started under the escort of said captain.
"Yours, lie "
CONGRESS.
Monday, January 21, 1839.
Mr. Everett presented the following resolutions of
the Legislature of the State of Vermont, adopted on the
5th of November, 1838, viz.
Resolved bu the Senate and House of Representa
tives, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and
our Representatives be requested, to use their utmost ef
forts to prevent the annexation of iexas to the united
States, and to procure the abolition of Slavery and the
slave trade in the District of Columbia and the territories
of the United States, and the slave trade between tho sev
eral States and Territories of the Union.
Resolved,. Tht the adoption, by the House of Repre
sentatives of the United States, on this twenty-first of De
cember last, of the resolution by which "atl petitions,
memorials, and papers, touching the abolition of slavery,
or the buying, selling, or transferring of slaves in any
State, or Territory of the United States," were "laid upon
the table, without being debated, printed, read, or referr
ed," was a daring infringement of the right of the People
to petition, and a flagrant violation of the Constitution of
the United States; and we do, in the name of the people
of Vermont, protest against the passage of the same, or any
similar resolution, by the present, or any future Congress
of the United States.
Resolved, That our Senators in Congress be instructed,
and our Representatives requested, to present the foregoing
resolutions to their respective Houses, and use their influ
ence to carry the same into effect,
Resolved, That the Governor be roqueated to transmit
S copy of the foregoing tesolutions to the President of the
United States, and to each of our Senators and Represen
tatives in Congress.
Mr. Everett moved that these resolutions be read, re
ferred to the committee of the Whole on the state of the
Unioq, and that they be printed.
The Speaker said that they camo within the resolu
tion of the 12th December last, and would go upon the ta
ble under that resolution, -without being read, debated,
printed, or referred. Ha tberefote decided that the motion
of Mr. Everett was not in order.
From this decision Mr. E. appealed,
Mr. Sladc said he was glad his colleague had appealed,
as it would bring the House to a solemn decision upon the
question of the application of the resolution of the 12th
December last to papers presented here from the sovereign
States of this Union, He wished to have those who voted
for that resolution put to the test, and say, by a direct vote,
whether the States, as well as individuals, shall be gsggad,
when they think proper to present to the House of Rep
resentatives of the United States an expression of ' their
sentiments on ant of the great topics which concren the
country ; ana especially rnose naving respect to rights as
essential as those to which the resolutious of the Legisla
ture of Vermont related. Mr. S. said he did not doubt
that the resolution of the 12th of December, whatever
might be its extent, however it might invade and outrage
the rights of the People, applied to sovereign States as
well as to individuals. Its terms were unlimited: "Every
petition, memorial, resolution, proposition, or paper." &c.
There might, perhaps, in the estimation of some, be some
what due to courtesy towards a sovereign State, and an in
clination to yield to that, what would not be yielded to in
dividuals. But it might be well questioned whether a res
olution, perpetrating as flagrant a violation of right as did
the resolution of the 12th of December, could have been
intended to yield any thing to courtesy. Mr. S. said he
was willing, for one, that those who voted to put the gag
into the mouths of the members of the House, and to im
pair the right of the People to petition, should, if they
thought proper, sustain the Speaker's decision, and insult
the states by a refusal to permit the resolutions of their
Legislatures to be read here.
xut arbitrary and mimical as that resolution w
there was one prohibition that it did not contain, While
it declared that "every petition, memorial, resolution, pro
position, or paper, tout-lung or relating, in any way or to
any extent whatever, to slavery, or the abolition thereof,"
should not be "debated, printed, or referred," it did not
declare that such papers should not be read. He trusted,
therefore, that, as to the Speaker's decision that the reso
lution should not be read, the House would overrule it,
and permit the State of Vermont the poor privilege of hav
ing her resolutions read at the Clerk's table.
The Speaker said that, although the resolution of the
12th of December did not, in terms, prohibit the reading
of the resolutions, it did so impliedly. It declared that
"no further action should be had thereon," after the pre
sentation; and, as the reading could only be to inform the
House of their contents, with a view -to its action on them,
it was a fair construction of the rule, that it prohibited the
reading, as well as the debating, printing, or reference.
He referred to a decision of the Speaker to this effect, at
the second session of the 24th Congress, upon the resolu
tion offered by Mr. Hanes, of Kentucky, which decision
was sustained, on an appeal to the House. That resolu
tion was in the same terms as that of the 12th of Decem
ber last. It did not, in terms prohibit the reading of the
papers, but it was decided that they could not be read.
Mr. Slade said he was aware of that decision, hut he
believed it was wrong and ought to be reversed. It was
a strained construction. He thought it a great perversion
of all sound principles of construction to lean, in doubt
ful cases supposing this to be doubtful in favoi of res
tricting the rights of th". People. Constructions, in ca
ses of doubt, should always be in favor of liberty; and, if
there was a case in the world in which such a rule of con
struction should prevail, it was one in w hich the People of
this Union undertake to exercise the important right of
petitioning the Government for a redress of grievances, or
in which one of the States addresses Congress, in the
form of resolutions, on great questions affecting its own or
the interests of the nation. This construing away the
rights of the People and of the sovereign States of this Un
ion he regarded as a refinement of injustice. It was e
nough that they must submit to the letter of a resolution
which so grossly outrages their rights, without being for
ced to submit to be gagged by construction. Mr. S. said
it might seem to be a small matter that, as there could be
no action on the resolutions, he should insist on their be
ing read. But when rights, dear to the People and the
States, were involved, he would contest every inch of
ground with those who were assailing them. There might
be many good reasons why a State or individuals should
desire to have the resolutions and petitions which thev
send here read, without special reference to on v action of
this House on them. At anv rate, it was but respectful
to them to permit the reading; and, if he could not secure
for them any essential rights, he would hold on to those
which are unessential, if, indeed, it could he regared as
unessential that the States and the People should not be
insulted by a refusal to permit their resolutions and peti
tions to be even read in the hearing of their Representa
tives here. He was disposed therefore, to insist on the
reading of the resolutions.
But (Mr. S. said) it was still more apparent that the de
cision which the Speaker had made two years ago, and
which was now relied on as autboritv, should not be re
peated, fionr another consideration. The jag resolution of
the 21st of December, 1837, not only prohibited the de
bating, printing, and reference of resolutions, propositions
and papers touching the subject of slavery, as the gag of
the preceding year has done, but it went further, and ex
pressly declared that they should not be read. That res
olution was matured with great care, in a midnight con
clave; and it is fair to presume that its authors inserted in
it the additional prohibition of reading, from a conviction
that it would be unsafe to rely on the construction which
had been given to the resolution of the preceding year,
to secure that object. They well knew that that construc
tion was in derogation of the rights of the people, and
that on no sound principles of construction was it defensi-'
Die. 1 hey therefore took the precaution to inssrt an ex
press prohibition of Reading. This shows the estimation
in which the present Congress, at its last session, hold the
decision of the previous Congress, wnich is now Relied on
to exclude the reading of the Vermont resolution.
But this is not all. After having, at the last session.
passed a gag resolution containing an express prohibition
of reading, this House, ot its present session, repasses the
same resolution, with the omission of that prohibition.'
Why this omission. The resolution of December, 21,
1837, must have been before the coalition during their
grave deliberations how they should perform the operation
of gagging the States nnd the People. Why was it deter
mined to leave out the prohibition to read ? Sir, f said Mr.
S.) they dare not put it in. The Northern party in this
coalition were afraid of the People. They dared not
strain the resolution up to the point of a prohibition to
read the resolutions of the States and the petitions of the
People. It would not do thus to add insult to injury
They must have the credit of so far relaxing the rigor of
gag-tyranny as to allow the resoultions and petitions to be
read by the Clerk, before consigning thcin to the "tomb of
the Capulets."
It is plain, then, (said Mr. S.) not only from the mere
fact of omission, but from the reasons which obviously
dictated it, that those who drew the resolution did not in
tend that it should have the effect of a prohibition to read,
unless they intended to deceive the People, by holding
out to them, on the face of the resolution, the idea that it
was not as bad as that of the previous year; at the same
time that they intended to rely on a construction which
should give it precisely the same effect. If this was the
purpose of the plotters of this scheme, I will not permit
myself to believe that this House, in the forced absence of
all discussion, and in its headlong action upon the resolu
tion, seriously intended to second such a purpose. Having
modified the resolution of tho 21st December, 1837, by
the omission of that part which prohibited the reading of
resolutions and petitions on the subject of slavery, it said
to the Slates and the People, in language too plain to be
misunderstood, that that restriction was removed. It re
mains to be seen whether that omission shall be rendered
entirely unavailable by a construction which gives the
same effect to the resolution as though it contained the ex-
press prohibition whioh was intentionally omitted
Mr. S. in conclusion, said he trusted that, fur the reas
ons he had suggested, the House would sustain the appeal
which had been taken from the decision of the Chair, and
permit the resolutions of the Legislature of Vermont to be
read at the Clerk's table, as it was but respectful to the
State they should he.
Upon taking the question on the appeal there appeared
not to be a quorum present, and the House thereupon ad
journed. .
NOTICES.
A Temperance Meeting will be holden at tlie Brick
Church on Tuesday eve, 2(Uh inst. at 7 o'clock. Dele
gates will be appointed to attend the State Convention at
Woodstock. All are earnestly invited to attend,
Music by the ohoir accompanied by the organ, together
with addresses, he, tc may be expected,
Montpelier, Feb. 20, 1839.
A STATE TEMPERANCE CONVENTION
Will be holden at Woodstock on Wednesday and
Thursday the 6th and f th days of March next, to com
mence at 10 o'clock A. M. of the 6th.
The eipedienaey of establishing paper, similar to the
Temperance Recorder published t Albany, and tp devise
and adopt all such measures for carrying forward the tem
perance reformation as may be thought mqst efficient, are
the great objects of the proposed, meeting.
Many of our friends of temperance in different parts of
the Slate.'h'aving consulted together, feel the necessity and
concur in the calling of the above conventicn; and, they
hope that measures-may tie promptly adopted to secure tho
attendance of delegates from every town in the state
The clergy, without exception, are respectfully re-,
quested to give the earliest possible notice of the above
meeting to their respective congregations, and publishers
of papers throughout the State are also requested to give
this notice one or more insertions in their several journals,
ERASTUS FAIRBANKS, ) ,.
JAMES SPALDING Executive
- GEO. B.MANSER (Committee.
Feb. 11, 1839.
BRIGHTON MARKET,
Reported for the Boston Patriot & Daily Advertiser.'
Monday, February 11, 1835.
At market 172 Beef Cattle, 6 yoke Working Oxen,
12 Cows and Calvoa"425 Sheep, and. 88 Swine.
Prices, Beef Cuttle. In consequence of the lieht
Stock at market, an advance In prices were realized. First
quality, $8 a 8 60; second quality, 7 00 a 7 50 ; third
quality 6 25 a 6 60. One prime yoke of Oxen was sold
to Messrs Cook & Conant of Faneuil Hall Market for $300
supposed to be over 9 cts, per pound.
Working Oxen. $110,120, and.140.
Cows and. Calves. $35, 40, and 45.
Sheep. $3,25 was obtaided for an ordinary lot; some)
good Wethers were sold for $'6,50,
Swine. At retail, 7 to 9 cts.
MARRIAGES.
In this village, 18th inst., by Rev. Mr. Kellogg, Mr.,
Cyrus Huktoon, to Miss Emily Harrington, allg
of this place.
In Hardwick, 5th inst. by Hon. Timothy P. Fuller, Mr..
Josiah Dodge to Miss Hannah C. Webber.
In Danville, on the 7th inst. by Rev. S. Kelley, 'Mr.,
Nelson Durham, of Newport, N. H. to Miss Abigail Hard,
of Danville,
DEATHS
In Bradford, on the 14th inst. Benjamin C. Vcse,
son of Mr. Vnse, of this village.
In Hardwick, Feb. 10th, Mr. Levi Webber, aged about
60.
PROSPECTUS
OF
THE TE.UPJUBIAIYCE ST A It,
To be published at Montpelier, Vermont, on the first
of every month, under the direction of the Executive
Committee of the Vermont Temperance Society.
This Journal will be exclusively devoted to the sub
ject of Temperance. Its design will be to advocate the
cause of total chstinence from all that intoxicates, as
the only possible ground on which the ultimate triumph of
Temperance piinciples can be expected. And, as temper
ance is the great moral field in which all can unite, and la
bor, it will be the object of this journal to invite to a
hearty co-operation, all the friends of the cause, through
out the state, regardless of any of those distinctions which
are connected with most other public or benevolent objects
of the .day.
The leading design of the Temperance Star will
be, to endeavor, by argument and porsuasjon, to awaken
the attention of the whole community, to the necessity of
speedily banishing intoxicating drinks from among us;
and while it shall faithfully and fearlessly pursue its ob
ject, it will endeavor to avoid that ultraism which leads to
indiscriminate denunciation. - "
AH experience demonstrates that, in free governments,
legislative aid cannot be safely relied on in matters of mor
al reform, unless public opinion precede and stand ready
to sanction legislative enactments; to prepare the way for
which assistance to the Temperance' reform, will be anoih
er object of the proposed publication.
The Star will be issued in quarto form of eight pages,
in the early part of each month. The first number will be
issued in March next.
TERMS. The Temperance Star will be sent tq
subscribers for one year on the following terms; copies di
rected singly 50 cents; 12 copies tonne address 25 cents
each; 26 copies do. 23 cents each) 50 copies do. 20 cents
each ; always ill advance, Address George B. Mansur,
Montpelier, post paid,
MALCOM'S TRAVELS.
GOULD KENDALL & LINCOLN, have in press,
and will publish about the first of March, Malcom's
Travels in Burmah, Hindoostan, Malaya, Siam and China,
in 1 vol. 8vo. and 2 vols. 12mo with a superb original
map of South-eastern Asia five steel plate engravings
and about 100 wood cuts.
Characteristic of the Work.
It is not a mere diary of events which befel the travel
ler, but contains thousands of facts dates, numbers, prices,
&c, &c. which are either oeiginal or gleaned from sources
not accessible in this country. ,
Incidents, anecdotes and scenes have been freely intro
dueed; but -only such as tend to make the reader better ac
quainted with the country.
The most perfect impartiality is shown to every sect of
Christians, and such details given of the various Missions
as will mav.e the work equally acceptable to every persua
sion. Such sketches are given of the history of the Country.
Towns and Missions which are described, as serve tq
throw light upon their present condition.
The map is beautifully executed, and may be consider
ed original. Many important corrections have been made
by actual observation, and the remainder is chiefly drawn
from original and unpublished surveys by British ofliceia.
and Engineers and Surveyors, to which the author was
politely granted access.
The pictures are wholly new, and form an important
addition to our stock of oriental illustrations; no pains or
expense has been spared in these or the mechanical execu
tion. Five of these are on steel, showing landscapes of
Maulmcin, Tavoy, Mergui and Sagaing, and a curioua
page exhibiting specimens of 15 different oriental languages
A great part of the work relates to countries almost en
tirely unknown, even, to the host informed persons in our
country.
The author from the important character of his mission,
his intercourse with distinguished civilians and experien
ced Missionaries, his deliberate stay at each place, his pre
vious familiarity with foreign countries, and his long expe
rience in the board of Missions, enjoyed the highest ad
vantages for gathering ample and correct details for the
work.
Chapters on the mode of conducting modern missions;
or on the measure of success which has attended the en
terprise; on the almost unknown tribes in and around Burr
mah; and other important subjects are added at the close of
the work, and must constitute no small part of its value.
The cost of the two volumes will probably not exceed
$2 50, at which price it will be one of the cheapest worVs
issued from tho Amorican press. The publishers rely for
remuneration rather on a large sate than a high price.
A portion of the proceeds of the wprk aro to be appro
priated to the Foreign Missionary Board,
ICpThe publisher of any paper, giving the above ad
vertisement threo inside insertions, shall be entitled tfl a
copy of the work, on application to the publishers.
8 3w Washinglon-st., Boston. .
roTAsii Iii;tti,i:!
OF superior quality, and extra sized Cat-dkons, suit
able to set in Arches, for sale by the Brandon Iron
Co., at the Foundry, and bv their Agent, Zenas Wood,
at Montpelier. Also, CORN SHELLERSj IMPROVED
PLOUGHS; CULTIVATOR TEETH, and general v,
rioty of STOVES. Including the Improved ''Conant P
nt,'; which is believed to be superior to. any of the rood
em stoves with small fire arches,
Sheet .Iron, elevated ovens will be furnished bath at
Brandon and Montpelier for the Conant Patent, Rotary,
tVerrnontCook, which, with, the Cast Iron Oven attached,
to each of these Stoves, renders them the most desirable
CooHng Stoves now in the market. ,
The oost of the corn shelter will be saved in labor by
ordinary farmers in two seasons, besides tho saving nf rooffl
thev afford in getting out corn.
,,. JOHN A. CONANT, Agent,
Brandon, Jan. 1835. '' 8 if

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