Newspaper Page Text
THE VOICE OP FREEDOM.
r Nw York, notices this pretension as one of ordinary concern, presented to the reader with some " interesting comments !" The Pittsburgh Advocate republishes the sug gestion of the New Orleans Courier, with a short business notice-indicating neither surprise nor dis approbation.. The N. York Despatch speaks in tlie same tone;. I.vthe same trade spirit, the sub ject is noticed in the New York Journal of Com merce. Letter from Prof. Thome. The following letter from this gentleman, so fa vorably known as one of the authors of the great work on "Emancipation in the West Indies," will be perused with interest. It was addressed to the Secretary of the Ohio-Anti-Slavery Society at its late meeting, Obciiin, May 2W, 1839. My Dear Friend : It would have afforded me great pleasure, could I have complied with your solicitations to attend the approaching anniver sary of the State Anti-Slavery Society ; but it seems to be out of my power. 1 assure you I have felt very strong promptings, aside from your ur gent invitation, to be present on this occasion. There will be brought together many from various parts of the state among who.n it was my privi lege to labor during the earlier and feebler con flicts of this growing cause. I earnestly desire to look upon their well remembered faces, to grasp their hands once more and to bespeak them, " watchmen, what of the night ?" There will be assembled others who are later converts to the cause who were more tardy in giving in their adherence, but I trust are no less hearty now. Perhaps among these I might recognize some who four years ago were the avowed opposers, or at least the indifferent hearers of an unworthy la borer and I am sure it would afford peculiar gratification to see them at last on the side of mer cy and human rights. I feel, morever, a strong desire to embrace so favorable an opportunity of noting the progress of our cause since we assem bled in the Granville Barn, surrounded with the weapons of defence and the threats of a drunken mob. That was the last Anniversary I have been permitted to attend. The three interesting years since have doubtless given great extension to our principles in this state ; for it is impossible that such principles, so vital and commanding, identi cal with the foundation truths of our state and Na tional Governments, emanating from the word of God should be proclaimed without meeting a re sponse and a welcome in some hearts in every place. When I consider the activity of your press, the multiplication of pamphlets and books, and the assiduous labors of living lecturers within the bounds of our state, I am almost ready to ex claim " what now remains to be done, but to unite in congratulations and thanksgivings?" But my impulses are checked my emotions are chilled when I open my eyes upon present realities. In stead of exulting over the deliverance of the slave and what else in the name of liberty and truth should we be doing at this late period, in this time of mental and spiritual illumination,, in this day of the outgoings of generous sympathies over the earth, now when the Islands of the sea., are clap ping their unfettered hands instead of exulting over the deliverance of the American slave, alas ! we are constrained to mourn over the thraldom and degradation of Ohio's own citizens. While we should be flocking up from the four quarters on cheerful feet to commemorate the burial ol the last chain and whip ; 0 shame ! we are compelled to drag our own fettered limbs to a melancholy convocation, called to consult over our own wrongs, and to devise a redemption from our own oppres sions. You cannot, my dear sir, but know to what I allude. 1 he late enactments ol our Legislature, in obedience to the arrogant demands of a sister state are too notorious to be for a moment over looked. Ohio laws have enslaved Ohio citizens. The representatives, the creatures of the day, have yoked their own constituents to the car of power and party. A rod of iron has smitten the face of free Ohio. A chain has gone over hill and valley of her free soil, and that chain has been riveted to the staple of Kentucky slavery by parricidal hands. A deep broad stain of foul disgrace has spread from centre to circumference over Consti tution. laws, institutions, every thing of which we had reason to be proud. A worse than van dal extermination has been ordered among the best dictates and kindliest yearnings of our hearts. The promptings of pity and the gushings of sympathy toward the outcast wanderer, have been intimidated by the array of bailiffs, lictors, and prison walls and dungeon damps. The hand of charity stretched forth to relieve, has been palsied by law. The voice-of brotherhood opening upon a stranger's ear, has been hushed by stern com mand. Benevolence has been made criminal, and obedience to Christ punishable with fines and im prisonment. A sentinel has been stationed at ev ery freeman's door to watch who goes in and who comes out. A censor has been appointed over very freeman's table and wardrobe to prescribe who shall receive a loaf of bread and who a coat. A lock bas been fastened upon every freeman's well, with orders to whom " the cup of cold water" shall be disposed. An arrest has been laid upon every freeman's baggage, and every vehicle North ward bound is subject to a halt and countermarch. A system of the basest espionage has been estab tablished in time of peace, among neighbors and fellow citizens, which converts every man's own household into spies and informers. All this and more has been perpetrated amongst us in 1839. Then, brethren, is there nothing to do? While the enactments of the last Legislature defile our Statute book, have we nothing to do? Before God we are in our measure responsible for the contm uance of the black laws. Let us not, I beseech vou. be lulled into inactivity by the consideration that these laws are likely to be imperative. What is this to us ? Shall we be willing to wa'k under the whin, because it may not for a time descend upon us 'in stripes ! Shall we consent to have manacles made in the chambers of our Capitols, and stored up in'the public vaults, and remain at ease because they are not already fitted to our wrists? No Let us be resolved upon undoing what has already been done as the only means of redeeming our state from reproach and our necks from the yoke. With the earnest prayer that God may grant your convention wisdom to plan successfully for n i -r t r 1 i the repeal or the iaci iaws, ana mess your con sultations to the deliverance of the oppressed both in Ohiand the South, and with assurances of the warmest esteem for my personal acquaintan ces who may be present, I remain, Affectionately yours for th suffering slave. JAS. A. THOME. Dr. G. Bailey, Cor. Sec. From the Emancipator. The Iast Spasm ofAbolition ? It is long now, since the New York anti-abolition papers assured their southern arows that ab olition was going to put forth its last, its mortal spasm. The slaveholders have waited quite pa tiently for the realization of this prophecy ; but hope deferred makes them heart-sick, and they be gin to feel a necessity for some new expedient. In fact, it appears they have so often been deceiv ed by the venality of our commercial press, that they have resolve! to cast oil tne whole pack The following paragraph, now going the rounds of the papers, will show what is going on : " A daily paper of the size of the Courier and Enquirer, (and at the same price,) called the " Uni ted Stales Sentinel and national Union, will be published early next month, by Messrs. E. Hud son 8c Co. of New York. It will advocate the political doctrines of the present administration, and will go strongly against anti-slavery and abo lition principles, in every shape. A large amount of money has already been subscribed to sustain it John C. Calhoun being among its chief sup porters, he alone having put down his name for five thousand dollars." Boston Transcript. That this is not a mere tale, is proved by the following Prospectus, which we have put up in a conspicuous place in the Anti-Slavery office, and which we find also copied in a leading Democratic paper, the New Hampshire Gazette. PROSPECTUS. UNITED STATES SENTINEL, AND NATIONAL UNION, A Daily Morning Taper, to he published in the City of New-York. A FEW words will explain the principles which this paper will advocate. It will be the uncompromising and watchful foe of Aboli tion, which is but another name for Disunion. It will aim to convince the many amongst us, who have been misled by prejudice and fanaticism, that they have no business to interfere with the domestic institutions of the South. It will prove to them that if civil war and separation result from their unholy crusade, the shame and the sin are upon their heads. It will prove to the abolition merchant who is amassing a fortune from South ern patronage that he makes a poor return by waging war upon his brethren. It will spread before our northern community the truth on this agitating question, without tavor and without lear. The time has come when the danger must be looked in the face. Treason is abroad. The ab olitionists no longer work in secret. They have acquired boldness and confidence. They openly avow their determination of dictating the South. They compass heaen and earth to make prose lytes. No deception is too deep, no falsehood too gross for them,, provided they can add to their number. Tliey play upon the passions and per vert the feelings of. the unsuspicious and unen lightened, through the pulpit and through the press and if not checked in their mad career at once and effectually, the day is not far distant when the bonds of our union will be severed. The question is plainly put to us as the people of the North, " What have we to gain by Dis union? What have we not to lose?" Let us open our eyes then to the danger ere it be too late. Let us discountenance the traitors and the treason. Our interests and our honor are at stake, and fa naticism will not hesitate to sacrifice both. The political principles of the Sentinel will be strictly Democratic. It will advocate and uphold the policy of the National Administration, and will support for the Presidency the Candidate who receives the nomination of the National Conven tion of the Democracy, which will be held at Bal timore. Especial attention will bo paid to the depart ment of Commercial intelligence, and all informa tion relative to the Cotton Trade, and the inter ests of that great staple of the country. In the News department, the Sentinel will be surpassed by no other daily paper in the City, and literature, the drama, the arts, and miscellany will all receive their proper share of attention. The people of the Union have before them the avowal of the principles which will govern the "United States Sentinel and National Union." It will never prove recreant to its trust, and those who are to conduct it hope that their efforts may tend to preserve the harmony between North and South, which ought never to have been disturbed. Terms. Daily paper which, will be as large as any of the morning papers of the city, ten dollars per annum. Country paper, (semi-weekly,) hve dollars per annum, payable in advance, or six dol lars half yearly. In all cases where the subscrip tion is not paid in advance, a city reference will be requried." KOnlSKT IS. HUDSON & CO. New York, May 9, 1S39. Do not the men who stand on the platform of lavery, know whether the ground feels firm be neath their feet? Would they be taking such ex traordinary and expensive measures, of which the leading and exclusive object is to counteract the felt influence of abolition, if they believe the tales ol New York editors nay, it they did not know their lalsehood and baseness ( Uie announce ment of this prospectus, subsequent to the Annual Meeting of the National Society, fully justifies the confidence of those abolitionists who then Believed that the slaveholders would take small consolation from that meeting ; and sustains also the cheerful tone of hope which appears in their late " Address to Abolitionists." While we are deeply mortified, as Americans, to think that such an enterprise should originate and be sustained, in a northern city, after seven years' labor of the abolitionists, and in the face of the demonstrative tacts of the British West Indies yet, on behalf of the Anti-Slavery Society, we cannot but rejoice, on many accounts We are glad to see the south putting a proper estimate on the servile press of this city. The mercenary character of their zeal for " Southern Institutions" is seen through. Their rottenness is rejected. The honor for which they have each been so violently striving, of being thought fore most in the infamy of defending slavery, has baf fled them all. Nought remains to them but the traitor's reflection ; that they hnve betrayed the trust of liberty, and lost the reward. We are also glad to know the extent to which slavery has infected the body politic. How can the remedy be applied, until the people at large become cognizant of the depth of the disease ? And nothing will make the people see,, but such de velopments as these-. By and by they will know that slavery is determined to retain its ascendan cy, and to secure it against all possible struggles of liberty. And they well know how possible it 13 for Northern men, like " Robert L. Hudson o. Co.," to devote themselves, for gold, to the car of slaveholding domination forever. We are further gratified at the prospect of hav ing the political game of the South played out in the open view of the North ; because it will show the true reason for the support which the South so unanimously accord to Mr. Van Buren. It is not because thev approve his measures, or love his principles, l)iit solely because he is willing.to be the tool of slavery. And they would drop him, to-morrow, and take up with Henry Clay, should they find that they were more in need of a cham pion than a tool. And, lastly, we arc glad to have a paper that will take up pro-slnvery avowedly, and support it with argument. We, therefore, hereby request Messrs. Robert E. Hudson & Co. to send their pa per to 143 Nassau- street, and receive the Emanci pator in return we paying the difference. N. B. Subscriptions received here. THE VOICE OF FREEDOM MONTPEI.1ER, SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1839. Washington County Conference. It is cheering, amidst the too general supincness of northern ministers and churches, to meet with such clear and plain-spoken resolutions as thefol lowing, unanimously adopted by the Conference of Conretrational Churches in this County at their last monthly meeting. With the exception of the noble testimony of the Black River Confer ence, published last winter, we do not recollect that any conference or association amongst the congregational churches of Vermont, has spoken out the plain language of immediate einancipa tion, until now. True, the General Convention has several times taken up the slavery question with manifest reluctance resolved slavery into an 1 evil,' and then dismissed the subject with al possible despatch. 11 we mistake not tne signs of the times, the- feeling is becoming general, that it is time to abandon the policy of quiet reserve and meet the question as one of grave and practi cal interest, vitally affecting the character of the church and the interests of religion. The Con grcgationalists of Vermont are, to some extent beginning to see that, as a denomination, they are. in this respect, far behind their Baptist and Meth odist brethren. They are looking forward, with more or less solicitude, to the meeting of the Gen eral Convention to be holden at Montpelier in Au gust, as a fitting occasion to give utterance to their convictions through their representative bo dy. It is most earnestly to be hoped that when the Convention meets, there will be no attempt to introduce the Philadelphia fashion of lynching dis cussion," or any evasion of just responsibility We subjoin the Washington County resolutions only adding our hope that not only the- ministers and churches who adopted them, but all others may henceforth be found faithful. in the open ad vocacy of the doctrines they set forth, until the church and country shall be purged of the " com plicated villany." At a Conference of the Congregational Church es in Waslnnsrton county, ho den at JVJidd esex on the 20th and 27th of June, 1839, the following resolutions on the subject ol slavery were unani mously adopted : 1. Resolved, that the buying, selling, and hold ing men as property, is a great sin against God, a moral evil, fraught with incalculable mischief to society, and destructive, in its tendency, of our republican institutions, and opposed to the spirit of our Constitution, and to the letter and spirit of our Ueclaration ol Independence. 2. Resolved, that slavery, or thus holding hu man beings as mere chattels or property, ought, immediately and everywhere, especially in a gov ernment like ours, to be abolished. 3. Resolved, that immediately ceasing to claim and hold the slave as a slave, or property, is not inconsistent with such lesral and temporary .ecu lations and restraints, demanded by public good, as may be necessary to prepare him tor the lull en joyment of all the rights of a citizen. 4. Resolved, that it is the duty of the Legisla ture of every slnve-holding State to adopt such measures immediately as will renounce the prin ciple of slavery as a right, and as will qualify the enslaved population of our country properly to ap preciate, enjoy and exercise the full privileges of treemen: that when a slate legislature do adoptsuch measures, they do virtually abolish slavfc-y and cease to commit the sin involved in it. 5. Resolved, that it is the privilege and duty of all the friends of human rights and the Consti tution, in every part of the Union, to defend and advocate the principles here advanced, to plead the cause of the oppressed' in our land, and en deavor by every lawful means, to convince our fellow citizens at the South, who are guilty of this sin, that it is a sin and a great political evil. That in doing this, no ' carnal weapons' should be used ; " speaking the truth in love" is the only remedy God will own and bless. That while these principles of universal liberty arc advocated with a Gospel spirit, with gentleness, meekness ana love, our oretnren at tne south ought to lis ten to us, and heaf and consider our petitions with candor. 6. Resolved, that in the present highly excited and feverish state of the public mind on both sides of the question, it is peculiarly the duty of profes 11 i.i ..t-i.i sing christkms, and especially of the ministers of our holy religion, while they aredecided, and firm, and bold in defence of correct principles and prac tice on this subject, not to forget their peculiar ob ligations to act as peace-makers. That ob?oquy, language that casts ridicule and contempt on men, severe, harsh and disgraceful epithets towards those who differ from us on this subject, is not calculated to convince and persuade men but, by an invariable law of our fallen natures, tends rather to increase the evil we would correct in others, and renders us, perhaps, equally guilty in the sight of God. Voted, that the Publishers of the Voice of Free dom, Watchman, and Patriot, be respectfully re-J quested to give the foregoing an insertion in their respective papers. Attest, B. W. SMITH, Moderator. J. Stone, Scribe. A False Issue. In a lecture delivered in Middlebury, not long since, Col. Miller animadverted with some severi ty upon the conduct of slaveholding professors of religion, who not unfrequently, in their contribu tions to benevolent societies, may be said to pre sent " robbery for offering." For the purpose of illustration, a case was supposed, the American Board being one party, and a slaveholding Vir ginia deacon the other. A correspondent of the Chronicle interprets the Colonel's remarks as a deliberate attack upon the missionary cause, a thrust at the American Board. The simple ques tion is, on what terms our benevolent societies should receive contributions from robbers. We think this matter has been very ably and satisfac torily discussed by Gerrit Smith in his letter to John Tappan a document which we would commend' to the notice of nil who have any doubts as to the proper line of conduct of the American Board and other societies whose treasuries are, in part, supplied by the traffic in the bodies and sou of the brethren of Jesus Christ. We intend to publish Mr. Smith's excellent letter as soon as we can obtain a copy. National Anti-Slavery Convention. Remember the great National Convention to be held at Albany N. Y. on Wednesday, the 31 inst. It will probably continue in session two or three days. The call does not confine itself members of the society, or to those who approve its meamres, or even of the existence of an organ ized association. It is addressed to " all such free men of the United States as adopt the principles embodied in the constitution of the American An ti-Slavery Soeiety." Vermont should have, aud we trust she will have her full share of represen tatives in that important assembly. In a circular letter, which has been addressed to many individ uals in the free states, inviting their attendance at the Albany convention, the committee say : " The leading object of the Convention is to de vise and adopt measures for uniting the strength of all the true friends of liberty, to break the pow er which slavery has usurped over our nationa policy, over the Federal Government, over the pulpit and the press, and even ever the legislation of the free states. 1 he great doctrine of Inalien able Human Rights, on which our own right to nationality is founded, must be restored to its pow er. Ihe extensive abandonment of this pnncip in all parts of our Union, the tendency to substi tute might for right, the tame acquiescence in a the demands of slavery, must be arrested, or our country is undone. " We are convinced that the only remedy is to strike at the root ol this complicated villany, and to make our statesmen and our free citizens see, that the abolition of slavery, by peaceful and con stitutional means, is the greatest political interest ol the nation, and one which must engage the counsels of the prudent, the eneigy of the influen tial, and the united, persevering and steadfast de termination of all who truly love and reverence the cause of Human rreeuom.. In this point view, we feel that much, perhaps every thintr de pends on the approaching Convention. We do not yet despair of the Republic ; but we know- that it cannot be saved without a speedy, united and powerful rally of the- true-hearted. And where shall this begin, unless at such a Conven tion ? That we may not be lacking in any influ ence or any wisdom, of which each individual friend of the cause owns and owes his proper pro portion, we earnestly desire your attendance. Sabbath Schools. A correspondent of the Boston Atlas states that the most interesting part of the celebration in New York was an assem blage of thirteen thousand children, attendants on Sabbath Sshools, accompanied by more than two thousand teachers. They embarked on board steam boats prepared for the occasion, and procee ded to Staten Island, about nine miles from the city, where they landed, partook of refreshments and returned. The President of the U. States and Governor Seward of New York, were in at tendance. The Governor made an address. Daniel Webster, in a letter dated London June 12, addressed to the People of Massachu setts, withdraws his name as a candidate for the Presidency at the next election. ' Ihe July lerm of the Supreme Court for Washington County, will commence on Tuesday next. It is expected that the question of surren- dry, in the case of Holmes, the alleged fugitive from the justice of the, British Government, will come- before the Court on Wednesday. It is understood that Mr Van Ness, the late Min ister to Spain, will appear as one of the counsel for the prisoner. The argument of Luther Lee, on the first page n worthy the close- attention of every reader. We especially ask those who may have read the long letter of Francis S. Key, in which the sinfulness of slavery is made to depend on circumstances, to give Mr. Lee a careful hearing. Will the Ver mont Chronicle publish the article, with com ments, if need be ? President Lord. In 1S34, the Rev. Dr. Lord pronounced iumie diate. emancipation " the only philosophical notion of the duty of this nation in regard slavery." We are glad to see, by a recent letter from the same gentleman, published in the last Chronicle, that he has not deteriorated in his philosophy. Re serving the very able and timely letter of Presi dent Lord for a future number, we cannot refrain from giving a single extract, at once evincing the characteristic independence of the man, and the elevated tone of moral sentiment which prevails in the flourishing institution over which he presides : " I am an abolitionist. I hold to the moral and political evil of slavery, and to the correspond ing obligation of all men to attempt the immediate and entire removal of it, according to their best jndgment, and in such modes of action as are proper in respect to other moral and patriotic en terprises. I am as truly for abolitionism as for Christianity, believeing them to be essentially re lated. But I am no more concerned with the follies of any individuals or parties of the one, than of those individuals or sects of the other, who may have grafted their own conceits upon the parent stock. And it is proper to add, that I should not feel myself called to answer for such follies more in the one case than in the other. I am responsible for my own opinions, and conduct, and habitual associations. Others must stand or fall to their own masters." Henry Clay. The National Gazette, leading Whig paper in Pennsylvania, after speaking rather lightly of the late Chambersburgh Convention, whereat J'"r, Clay received an approving vote of 50 out c. 7-5 delegates twenty-five counties fh. the state beinf entirely unrepresented remarks :. " We entertain as high respect for Mr. Clay as any of our fellow-citizens possibly can, and would wish him, above all others, to succeed the present Chief Magistrate. But personal preference can not b lind us to plain facts. We do not believe from the evidence of the past that Mr. Clay can get the electoral vote of Pennsylvania. Ohio he will also lose, and probably Indiana." Col. Miller. The last Vermont Chronicle charges this gen tleman with the design of " breaking down minis ters and breaking up churches that will not pro nounce his Shibboleth." The editor says, " We understand on good authority that he avows it." Col. Miller desires us to say that he has made no such avowal as the Chronicle imputes to him. "Courts Martial." We are pained to learn that the so-called courts martial, recently held in this town and in Worces ter, have been characterized by highly reprehen sible proceedings on the part of persons summon ed as delinquents. Intoxicating drinks,, it seems, are to be thrust into court in the place of good manners. If there is either authority or self-respect remaining with the court, we hope it will yet be made to appear ; if not, let it be understood that the law has lost its supremacy. A Testimonial. The widow of the martyred Lovejoy, who, with her mother and family, now resides at Quincy, Illinois, has just received a letter from the " Hai tian Abolition Society," tendering a present of four bags ofcoffee, in the purchase and shipment eX which about seventy dollars had been expended. We copy from the Philanthropist : " Port au Prince, August 27th, 1838. ! "Madam : I conceive that the Board of Managers of the Haitian Abolition Society have conferred an honor on me, by instructing me to inform you of the sym- patny anu condolence ol our -society with you m the loss of your beloved and ever to be lamented husband. I am gratified to inform you further that we hav transmitted to Mr. Lewis C. Gunn, of Philadel phia, per schooner Cyrus, four bars of coffee. subject to your order. Accept, Madam, this small donation as a token of the high esteem in which we hold the funda mental principle your husband advocated, and of the respectful consideration in which you are held by this Institution- Your obedient servant, L.. G. HAMILTON, Cor. Sec." ' Could the chivalrous Mr. Wise himself have done a nobler deed ? Which one of all the institutions o our refined country, has expressed sympathy with the martyr ed widow, more delicately and substantially than me emancipaieu slave republic f Yet with more than pharisaic pride, we shrink from them, and cry 'stand thou there, for I am holier than thou.' Ohio. The following are among the resolutions adop ted by the abolitionists of Ohio, at their" recent state meeting at Putnam : Resolved, that the Honorable Henry Clay, in his ate speech on Abolition in the Senate of the Uni ted States, so far from occupying the high position of an American statesman, comprehending in hi. views and solicitudes the interests of the whole country, and founding his opinions and policy on the principles of eternal justice, has prostituted himself to the support of an interest, sectional in character, radically wrong in principle, despotic in demand, violent and reckless in measures, adverse to the highest welfare of the Union, and at war with Humanity. ihesotved, that while his grave and inflammato ry misrepresentations of the movements, motives and principles of abolitionists, qualify him to as sume the championship of the slaveholding inter est : the false and dangerous principles, mercena ry arguments, rank selfishness, apathy to the wrongs of the oppressed, unblushing sympathy with the oppressor, everv where nrominnnt in hi speech, and the complacent presumption with which he calculates on the continued blessing of God upon a system of never ending slavery, ad ded to his own nerststance in the accursed nrac tice of slaveholdincr. disnualifv him foranv officf of honor and influence among a free people. Uesolved, that, since Mr. Van Jiuren, as rresi- ent of the Senate, rave his casting vote in favor of Mr. Calhoun's bill to prohibit the free circula tion by the mail, of papers favorable to. Human Rights afterward, at his inauguration as Presi dent of the United States, pledged himself to veto any bill which might be passed by both Houses f Congress for the abolition ol slavery in the Dis- ict of Columbia, unless the same should be sup ported by the slaveholding States has given no vulence, so lar as is known to this meeting, that he is not, up to this time, favorable to the perpet uation of slavery in the South, and that he is not to the full a ' Northern President with Southern principles' he is therefore undeserving of sup port, as a candidate for the first ofhec of this Gov rnmcnt.