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THE
VOICE OF FREEDOM.
E. A. ALLEN, Publisher. ' Published under the sanction of the Vermont Anti-Slavery Society. C. L. KNAPP, Editor.
VOLUME I. MOtfl'PELIEK, VERMONT, OCTOlSEi: 3, 1 839. 1 UJII BEK 40.
From tli a Cincinnati Gazette.
Mr. Clay's Letter.
" In the Constitution of the Union there is not a
solitary vrovision, fairly interpreted and fairly ad
ministered, which authorizes any interference of
Congress with domestic slavery, as it exists in the
United States."
This proposition is quoted from the letter of
Mr. Clay, published in another column of this
paper. It is now the received doctrine of all who
have set themselves to reprobate the Anti-Slavery
Societies of the country. The use made of it is,
lo justify the gag-resolutions of Messrs. Patton &
Atherton, upon abolition pe:iuons in Congress.
In reviewing Mr. Clay's abolition speech, the
Cincinnati Gazette combatted the correctness of
this doctrine, and insisted, that many cases must
arise, iu which Congress and the Executive De
partments could be legitimately called lo act upon
the slavery of the States. As Mr. Clay has taken
occasion to reiterate his dogma, the Gazette feels
called again to controvert it.
It is characteristic of most men to have their
judgment warped and biassed by the circumstan
ces that surround them, especially when exciting
subjects agitate the circle of their action. Mr.
Clay would seem to form no exception, notwith
standing his liberality and experience. When it
is desirable to obtain a correct opinion of any man
it is the part ot prudence to look lor it, as expressed
in a dispassionate course of action, when the pub
lic mind is at rest. We contide more in the
opinion of Mr. Clay thus calmly declared, than in
that upon which he acts, under strong feelings of
any kind. We claim to contrast Mr. Clay exci
ted against abolitionists, with Alt. Clay acting up
on undisturbed reflection, in the absence of all ag
itation whatever
Jn the year 1856, taken John Quincy Adams
was President of the United states and HENRY
CLAY was SECRETARY of Stale, and on the
19th of June of that year, a document from the
State Department, from which the following ex
tracts are taken :
Extract from instructions of the Department of
Stale to Mr. Gallatin, Envoy extraordinary A-
Minister plenipotentiary to Great Britain, da-
. ..ted, June YZtli, lbiiG.
You are accordingly, authorized and instructed
to propose a stipulation,
1st. For the mutual surrender of deserters
from the military and naval service, and from the
merchant service, ol the two countries. Persons
who have been naturalized bv the laws of either
party must be excepted from the operation of the
article. The sixth article of our convention with
France, of 1922, will furnish suggestions for the
preparation of an article on the subject.
And, secondly, a mutual surrender of all per
sons held to service or labor, under the laws of
one party, who escape into the territories of the
other. Our object, in this stipulation, is to pro
vide for a growing evil, which has produced
some, and, if it be not shortly checked, is likely to
produce much more irritation. Persons of the a
bove description escape principally from Virginia
and Kentucky, into Upper Canada, whither they
are pursued by those who are lawfully entitled to
their labor; and, as there is no existing regula
tion by which they can be surrendered, the at
tempt to recapture them leads to disagreeable col
lisions. In proportion as they are successful, in
tucky, through her Legislature, had then repeated-1
ly invoked the interposition very like ''interfer
ence," of the Government of the United States with
Great Britain.
Again on the 24th of February, 1827, John
Quincy Adams still being President of the Uni
ted States, and Henry Clay Secretary of State,
a document emanated from that
which the following is an extract:
their retreat to Canada, will the number of fugi
tives increase, and the causes of collision multi
ply. They are generally the most worthless of
their class, and far, therefore, from being an acqui
sition which the British Government can be anx
ious to make : the sooner, we should think, they
are gotton rid of, the better or Canada. It may
be asked, why, if they are so worthless, are we
desirous of getting them back? The motive is
to be found in the particular interest which those
have who are entitled to their service, and the de
sire which is generally felt to prevent the exam
ple of the fugitives becoming contagious. If it
be urged that Great Britain would make, in agree
ing to the proposed stipulation, a concession with
out an equivalent, there being no corresponding
class of persons in her North American continen
tal dominions, you will reply,
1st. That there is a similar class in the Brit
ish West Indies, and although the instances are
not numerous, some have occurred, of their es
cape, or being brought, contrary to law, into the
United States;
2dly. That Great Britain would probably ob
tain an advantage over us, in the reciprocal resto
ration of military and maratime deserters, which
would compensate any that we might secure over
her in the practical operation of an article for the
mutual delivery of fugitives from labor; and,
3dly. At all events, the disposition to cultivate
good niaghborhood, which such an article would
imply, could not fail to find compensation in that
or in some other way, in the already immense, Sc
still increasing intercourse between the two coun
tries. The States of Virginia and Kentucky are
particualrly anxious on this subject. The Gener
al Assembly of the latter has repeatedly invoked
.the interposition of the Government of the United
States with Great Britain. Vou will therelore
press the matter, whilst there exists any prospect
of your obtaining a satisfactory arrangement of it.
Perhaps the British Government, whilst they re
fuse to come under any obligations by treaty,
might be at the same time willing to give direc
tions to the colonial authorities, to afford facilities
for the recovery of fugitives from labor; or, if
they should not be disposed to disturb such as
have, heretofore, taken refuge in Upper Canada,
(few if any, are believed to find their way into the
Lower Province,) they might be willing lo inter
dict the entry of any others in future. Any such
regulations wouldhave a favorable tendency, and
are, therefore, desirable, if nothing more eflectual
can be obtained."
Here is a direct "interference" of the Govern
ment of the United States, with " Domestic Sla
very," as it exists in the separate States. This
interference would seem to have been made as
a voluntary offering from the National Executive
of the United Statvs, to the special interests of
Virginia and Kentucky. It appears that Ken-
efforls; and hence the speech which has com-lers of the land away ? Africans have made for-
mended itself lo the approbation of the Whigs of tunes for thousands, who are yet unwilling to part
Nansemond. That speech is but an expansion with their services ; but the free must be sent
of the argument embodied in the resolutions of away, and those who remain must be slaves. 1
the previous session. And I shall be most happy have no doubt that there are many good men who
if it should contribute any thing towards arresting do not see as I do, and who are for sending us to
the mad career of these misguided men, and toward Liberia ; but they have not duly considered the
Department, of preserving the Union, which is the truest guaran- matter they are not men of color. This land
ty oi an me nign privileges wnicn we enjoy. wnicn we nave wartored wan our tears and our
" Mr. Clav to Mr. Gallatin dated Feb. 24 1S27 Jn tlle Constitution of that Union there is not blood, is now OUR MOTHER COUNTRY,
Thp GpiipmI Asspml.lv nf Kpnturlfv nn nf a solitary provision, fairly interpreted and fairly AND VL ARE WELL SATISFIED TO
the States which is most affected bv thoep-mp nf administered, which authorizes any interference STAY where wisdom abounds and the gospel is
slaves into Upper Canada, has again, at their ses- 01 congress with domestic slavery, as it exists in iree.
UIJIlcU OlillcS. Xljcjc JS I1UI UllC, ICIilUM lu
the subject, which do( s not recognize and treat
slaves as lawful property. The clause which fixes
the representation in the popular branch ol Congress
establishes the ratio founded upon the acknowledg
ed existence of slavery, and, in the apportionment of land of Trinidad are of a very flattering charac
direct taxes among the States, slaves are assumed ter; but at the same time, we are persuaded that
to be lawlul property. Un the occasion ot the they exhibit only the favourab e side o t ie nicture
mposition of a direct tax, to prosecute the late and those who emigrate will find many privations
war with Ureat JJntain, slaves were taxed by and hardships which they now little apprehend
Congress as slaves, and their proprietors paid the We think that there ought to be a committee of
ThU flnrnmpnt shows, tlmt iIip T,pmlninro nf tax accordingly. i he provision which secures the 1 llituu intelligent and trusty men sent out to
i I l r I . i r . . t i. .1 i
Kentucky had then recently called for the " in- Purrenaer oi iugiuve slaves to tneir owners, oi examine me country, and to stay there long enough
tcrference" of the National Government in a mat- course a('m'ts tnat l'ley are legitimate property, to investigate the whole business,&see how things
. . . : . .ii rr a i , r
iinu was irueuueu 10 preserve peace anu narmoiiy iuuit in me eyes oi iree Americans. A rusn ol
among the States. I have seen, with inexpressi- emigrants to a country of which so little is known,
bie surprise and deep regret, that it has been con- might involve an amount of human suffering and
tended not only that this conservative stipulation disappointment, hardly paralleled by the bloody
may ue evaueu, out mat it is even meritorious to experiment oi tne colonization oociety.
violate it. Meritorious to violate an express in- Our colored friends of Philadelphia, who con-
: r.i. i. r 1 ,i..t .u tt.t i t, r ., ., .'
jumuiun oi uie cuiimiiuuoh which many oi us are uuct me iiauunui xveiormer, uius express their
solemnly sworn, and all are bound laithlully to views ol the matter:
. ,, . t ,1.1
sion wnicn nas just terminated, uivohcu the in
terposition of the General Government. In the
treaty which has been recently concluded with
. I IT '.iTiir fl . 1 I t
tne united Mexican states, and which is now
under consideration of the Senate, provision is
made for the restoration of fugitive slaves. As it
appears from your statement of what passed on
that subject with the British Plenipotentiaries, that
they admitted the correctness of the principle of
restoration, it is hoped that you will be able to
succeed in making a satisfactory arrangement."
" Richard Allen,
Bishop of the African Methodist
" Episcopal Church in theVniled
" States."
We admit that the proposals sent from the
conse-
ter of slavery, as it exists in the United States.
It shows that the United States Government
promptly interfered upon that request.
We have a third document from the Depart
ment of State, John Quincy Adams continuing
President ol the United States, Henry Clay Sec
retary of State, and we make a third extract:
Mr. C.lmiln Mr. Bnrhm.T ilntpj lime If? IfiOO
"I transmit, herewith, a copy of a resolution of support! If any citizens of the United State
the House ot liepresentativcs, requesting the Pres
ident to open a negotiation with the Uritish Gov
ernment, for the recovery of fugitive slaves,
who make their escape from the United States
into Canada. On that subject, Mr. Gallatin found,
in his conference with the British ministers, that
they were unwilling to treat. You will ascertain
if the same indisposition continues to exist. The
evil is a growing one ; and is well calculated to
disturb the good neighborhood which we are de
sirous of cultivating with the adjacent British
Provinces. It is almost impossible for the two
Governments, however well disposed, to restrain
individual excesses and collisions, which will a
rise out of the pursuit of property on the one side,
and the defence on the other, of those who have
found an asylum. You will find in the instruc
lions to Mr. Gallatin, of the 19th June, 1826, and
of the 24th February, and 24th May, 1S27, all
that was communicated to him on this subject,
who object to a particular part of the Constitution
may elude, and disregard it, other citizens, dissat
isfied with other parts, have an equal right to viO'
late them; and univeasal nullification of the sa
cred instrument would be the necessary
quence,
" We publish below an interesting account of
the island of Trinidad. If the half be true, (and
we have no reason to doubt but what the whole
is so,) no ordinary inducements are offered to
many of our people who are perishinjr for the want
of such a field. We believe, under God. that
those islands of the sea, (British West Indies.
Mr. Clay has been often celebrated for his gen
erosity. We should like to know his response to
the following appeal in the case, which, coming
from a devoted political friend, it is possible he
may think worthy of consideration. The ed
itor of the Cincinnati Gazette, after copying the
anecdote above, very properly asks
"And how has Mr. Clay requited this noble
conduct ? this self-devoted free-will offering, in
support of the Aivored iustitutions of the South ?
" I ha ve read or heard an anecdote of a weal
thy northern man, ofnorthern principles, of this
import. In visiting his large estate, he tarried
over night with his tenant that kept a snug coun
try tavern, on a farm of 200 acres of land. The
tavern keeper owned a beautiful poney, which be
came an instant desideratum to a little son of the
proprietor. A proposal to purchase was made,
but a sale was declined. Soon after the morning
departure the lad came cantering on the poney to
his father's carriage, with a note from the owner
requesting the father to permit the boy to receive
it, as a present, from one upon whom he had be
stowed many unrequited favors. The poney
was accepted, and from the first stopping place, a
complete and fully executed deed of the farm and
tavern-house he occupied, was forwarded to the
poney's late master. This was somewhat of the
olden time, when great men rightly understood
the true sense of the maxim, 'one good turn de
serves another."
I agree with you, gentlemen, in most of what are destined to have such a bearing on this coun
vou sav in rerrard to the nresent condition of our tra as W1" ultimatly lead to the abolition ol slave
public, affairs. In contemplating it there is much T We hoPe tlla srae of our brethren will
to denress. but I reioice to sav much also to ani- val1 themselves of the privileges there offered
mate and encourage, the genuine patriot, and to Wc are opposed to any general movements for em
stunu ate his most enerp-etic exertion. New and Mgiauon, any wnere, among our people, but we
alarming principles, dangerous practices, great can no objection to individuals ' bettering their
l i . i i . lrinrlitmn ' an noni Iim-vwi "
nnnsps nnn PYipnsivr rnrrnnnnn nnvp nppn imrn- "v .iu, .jum.
From the Emancipator.
Mr. Clay's Slave.
The following anecdote is related in the Balti
more Chronicle :
" When Mr. Clay visited Canada a few weeks
duced into the general administration, during the
lew last years. I have witnessed their progress
with profound regret and deep mortification. But
sentiments of despair are never to be indulged as
to the fortunes or fate of the Republic. An en
ightened and virtuous people require only to be
from the Department. If vou ascertain that the convinced of the evil to apply an efficacious reme- ago, he took with him his servant man, Charles
British Government is in a favorable disposition, dy ; and tfapuconviction is lorcing itself upon them, who, we believe, was bom- in bis service, :md has
you are authorized to renew the proposal which in spite of all the efforts which have been made, waited upon him many years. At Montreal, we
he was instructed lo make, embracing- fugitive and are making to deceive and betray them. believe it was, some of her Br ittanic Majesty's
slaves and deserters from the military, naval, and I thank you, gentlemen, cordially, for the friend- subjects approached Charles with assurances that
merchant service ol the two countries." iv and nattering manner in wnicn you nave exe- ne could now leave nim without the least tear
From this document it appears that Congress euled the commission assigned to you by the Whigs ever being compelled again into hisservice.
had " intcrlered with the domestic slavery ol the ' iansemonu, ana request you to be assured oi some nine, onaries listened to tnese suffjestions
tne sentiments oi esteem ana regard, wun wnicn,
I am, faithfully,
Your friend and obedient servant,
H. Clay.
Messrs. John C. Crump, Thos. II. P. Good
win, and John C Uohoon, &c. etc.
of
For
States; that this interference had not been ques
tioned, and that the Executive made no delay, in
recognizing the right of Congress to "interfere,"
but hastened to carry that resolution into effect
It must be borne in mind, that these things were
transacted when men had their old, undisturbed
common sense about them. Then a question of
slavery could be mooted without exasperation seiZ'
nig upon any body. Ihen Congress and the
President held, that the " interference" of bolh,
or of either, might be requested, by individuals or
by States. Ihen an application for such "inter
ference" was treated with respect even in
gress ; no person suggusted that the Constitution
conferred no power to " interfere "
Upon these facts, it seems to me, that Mr. Clay's
dogma against " interference" is untenable ; oth
erwise it was an act of usurpation, when the ad
ministration of Mr. Adams, backed by a vote of
the House of Representatives, did " interfere," and
did repeat this "interference," in the cases stated.
LETTER FROM MR. CLAY.
The Whigs of Nansemond county, Virginia,
having passed resolutions approving of the course
taken by by Mr. Clay and other distinguished
From the Emancipator.
Trinidad.
One evening last week, we attended a meeting
of citizens of color, called to inquire into theexpedi
Con-enel f "ba"do"'n? ei,r country, and emigrating savery is better thanVedom, as the
with silent disregard but, as they were pertina
ciously pressed upon him, he at length put a slop
to the entreaties ot his philanthropic lriends, by
telling them that he was as well aware as they
were ol the ease with winch he could now gain
his freedom; but that, in fact, in the service of
Mr. Clay, he had as much liberty as he needed or
desired ; that he preferred to remain with him, and
that, in short, he would not leave him for Loth thr
Canadas."
This is a very pleasant story indeed, and quite
novel withal, proving just as conclusively that
oluntary
xt inp i nrin ni I iinir,fii I no c in npi iq neenm. l r . i ht . .m.t.
w. j " removal oi tne '.ones to lova acotia in vo, prov
"S u" ""i'"11"""5 "-" i.u, ed that coloma bondage was preferable to nation
rrrrwxr imnntinnt imlai tVtait wrmnrro o n r? Inn rr tn i i i
I' '" miimwi " vtfj'-, ""-.-""fa " many sieeu divines and servile editors, among
abandon a country wnicn treats its native cnu- white folIcS) ave reaUy t0 argue that slavery is
aren wun sucn reienuess cruelty, inueeu, we k Winn- ill nnt Wm.Hnr ihnt nm,, nm,l nr
have sometimes thought that it might be a just .vhprp , pvprv hnAv p..nprts tfl srp m,,,.p,.
I II - J J 1 - .
ana at tne same time a merciiui as wen as a - spirjt, here and there a pampered menial should
propriate revenge, were ine three anunai: nun- be founci who misiht nctuall v prefer the lnzv in
inns nt Ampncnn nprpnrlnntQ nf A fripn tn Inlrp i i r . ,f r ,
. , . , , , auigencies oi a waiter on iienry tiay to the ne
tne nation at us wora, ana unaer some saoie mo- cessh of earnin,r free bvead b 1)01lc,t industry
ses, move on en masse to luexico anu tne vest T, , Pll,lJnlnT- mnn .nl,i.
Indies, remaps notnmg couiu so enectuauy u..a llc ,,, ,ilot .u0,.0rra ; r-'h, rnr nr.
taken by by Mr. Clay and other distinguished coriVince our money-loving countrymen of their Clav to hold his fellow-man as a slave
Whigs, on the abolition excitement, and having present foliy, a3 fhe sttMen withd,awment of r 0
-13 tOO
one-fourth part of the available labour of the coun
try. It would be the greatest blow upon our po
litical, commercial and asricultral interests that
could be struck more destructive than half a
dozen wars, tsut we hone better tninjrs. as
isut it is possible this colored man, ii he were
free lo tell the whole truth, might put a very dif
ferent face on the niattef. The Jords of the Phil
istines, when they wanted to tempt the Almighty
put the ark of the covenant on a cart, and yoked
communicated them to Mr. Clay, he returned the
lollowing answer, the sentiments of which must
metjt with the approval of every friend of the U
nion of the States. Bait. Chron.
Ashland, 2.5th May, 1S39.
j-w .1 r i i -lit t.ti. . ... '
- rl I nmnn I rill i vninnini hn L.IIh . l-t I . - . . . . w
uu."";",cu 1 uuij, ii-v.ci.cu me jciici HiiiLn native rtineiiuuiis, leeinig a ureji li.u,i mem. w the cows in the team, but " shut up the calves at
you aid me tne Kindness to address to me, trans- the land ot our lathers, and ready to peril every home." It is one of the refinements of American
mnung a copy ot a nesoiuuon aaop'.ea at a meet- thing lor its true honor and advancement, we slaveholders, to lay hold of the finer sympathies
mi; u Li.c nuigo u. iiauacuunu luuuij, Keenly earnestly uesire our injureu le iiow-couuiryineii i" 0f human beino-s as the subject of their wanton ex
bear up under the peculiar unequal burdens thrown perjments. And as the day of miracles is past,
and the Almighty does not interrupt the course ot
held.
Whilst I but too sensibly feel that they have upon them, and stand firm in the determination
placed an estimate too high and flattering upon to save the country, or perish in its fall. As abo
my capacity and upon the public services which I unionists, too, pledged to our enslaved brethren,
have been able to render, it affords me very great " as bound with them," we call upon our brethren
satislaction to learn that 1 have been so fortunate of kindred descent, who are nominally free, to
as to obtain their approbation ; and I request you bear their iust part in hastening the day of uni-
to communicate to those whom you represent, my versal emancipation ;-which they can do in no way
respeciiui ana grateiui acknowledgments lor the so elfectually as by contining in the country. We
sentiments of respect and esteem with an expres- also take this opportunity of recalling to the minds
sion ol wnicn they nave Honored me. or our brethren, the sentiment, worthy of imper
At the session of Congress prior to the last, I ishable renown, "beyond all Greek, all Roman
presented Resolutions to the Senate, touching the fame," which was adopted by the great meeting
institution oi aomestic slavery, embracing ail the ol people ot color at the Bethel church in rhila
principles applicable to the t-ubject, the maintcn- delphia, in January, 1S17, shortly after the form
anee of which appeared to me necessary to the se- ation of the American Colonization Society.
curity ol property, the stability ot our system ol 1'erhapsthat resolution has not of late, been brought
general government, and harmony among the forward so frequently as it oujrht. We find it in
States of the Union. At the last session of Con- Garrison's Thoughts on Colonizntion, Pnrt 1, p. 9
gress, the ultra-abolitionists had presented them- " Resolved, That WE WILL NEVER SEP.
selves under a new and alarming aspect. Instead ARATE OURSELVES FROM TIIEJSLAVE
of restricting their exertions to moral persuasion, POPULATION IN THIS COUNTRY; they
addressed to the consciences of slaveholders, keep- are our brethren bv the ties of consanguinity, of
ing aloof from party and politics, as they origin- suffering, and of wrong ; and we feel that there is
ly professed to be their intention, they had openly MORE VIRTUE IN SUFFERING PRIVA
proclaimed their purpose to enter the political TIONS WITH THEM, than fancied advarrtag-
arena, and denouncing all who did not adopt their es for a season."
doofmas and acree with them, to force their prin
ciples and their men by the aid of the ballot-box.
It required by little foresight to discern the fright
ful consequences which would result from this
change of their position, if they should succeed.
The Union would bo first convulsed throughout,
and finally broken into fragments. I thought,
therefore, at the last session, that the time was
suitable to warn these country of the designs and
We also copy nn extract of a letter from the
venerabl bishop Richard Allen, which was pub
lished twelve years ago hy brother Cosnish, in
his " Freedom's Journal." The excellent old bish
op says ;
" bee thethousands of foreigners, emigranting
to America every year : and if there be ground
sufficient for them to cultivate, and bread for them
to eat, why should they wish to send the first til-
nature, even to save republican servilesfrom be
ing caught in the delusions they covet, our mod
em Philistines are able to keep the ark of the Lord
in the temple of Dagon. Perhaps Mr. Clay :
"servant-man Charles," having been " born in his
service," (i. e. born contrary to the Declaration
of Independence, which says all men are created
equal,) has also a wife and children that he loves,
or an ao-ed mother towards whorne he wishes to
fulfil the fifth commandment, or some yOung sis
ters or brothers, or other beloved relations, that are
subject to the absolute and irresponsible control of
1111. vlll Vf l Ml UIO IIH IIUO) ditu nuuiu
incur the fearful inflictions of a slaveholder's fury
as the penalty, if " Charles" did not return. And
his spirit was too manly to let them sutler as his
hostages, even though his own liberty, dearer than
life, must be the forfeit. This npplause which
sixty generations have bestowed on the self-sacri
ficing Damon may find worthier objests among
the subjects of many a more relentless tyrant in
republicnn America.
If, then, on these or any other grounds, Charles
had made up his mind to return, there is not a
slave in the whole South so stupid as not to know,
without being told, how he must answer such pro
posals, if he would avoid being sent down the riy
re, to the New Orleans man-shambles, or to his
master's sugar plantation, as soon as he returned
home.
Mr. Clay is welcome to all the honor which
the well-informed will give for the well-considered
answer of his "servant man Charles."
From the Mass. Abolitionist.
CONSUL TRIST.
The United States have a functionary at Ha
vana who is probably doing more to facilitate the
African slave trade, than ever has been done, or
ever will be done, to check it by the Colonization
society. A single day of his operations, wa
doubt not, brings into slavery more humci be
ings than Colonization ever helped out of it. It
would lake several hundred such colonies as Li
beria to make any obstructions to his operations.
It is time that abolition steam-power was applied
to the piston of our Federal Government machiJ
nery in sufficient force to move such felons to the
quarters where they belong. The Great West
ern brings intelligence that the matter is causing
a proper sensation on the other side of the water,
and we shall watch with great interest, the con
duct of our "Northern President, with Southern
principles," both in the case of consul Trist and
the Amity. Shall the civilized world be disap
pointed ?
On the 31st of December, 1S3S, Mr. Theophn
lus Barker, British consul for the Cape de Verd
Islands, wrote to his Government as follows:
" I have heard from the last American vessel
that arrived at this place, that the American con-1
sul, Nicholas F. Trist, will be removed from tho
consulate at Havana. -He ought to be, -having
granted, lo my knowledge, more than ten false .
bills of sale of vessels and passes to these isj ,
lands." " - ,
That this may be understood, it maybe necess
ary to stale, that the American vessels engaged id
the trade, resort in great numbers to the Cape de
Verds, where they change their flag, and by a
fraudulent sale, are for the time converted into
Portuguese or Spanish vessels, and thus get a
double set of papers. If overtaken by a British
cruiser they are American vessels, and cannot
be searched ; it, by any wonder, they should btf
spoken by an American cruiser, they are Spanish
or Portuguese.
The following item has probably grown out of
the more recent operations of Consul Trist :
Look at this. 'We learn that the Campbell,
formerly a U. S. Revenue Cutter, has been sold
at Havana for the slave trade, and on her arrival
there from New Orleans, will be sent to Africa
for a load of human flesh, under the star-spangled
banner ! We further learn that since Dec. last)
twenty-three vessels, wider the American flag,
have left Havana to engage in the same infamous
traffic ! ! Can nothing be done by the U. S.
Government to protect itself from this foul dis
grace, and Africa from such tremendous wrongs?
Joltr. of CoHi
es ; we reply lo the Journal of Commefcej
let the U. S. honestly carry out its action against
lavery, and the trade, to the extent of its consti
tutional power, and all will follow. The axe
must be laid at the root of the tree. The market
must be broken up. If our soil were made as sa
cred as that of England, who would import
slaves ?
Jay's View;
The unjust and cruel war, which lias been
for a few years past waged against the Indians of
Florida, had its origin in Slavery. The circum
stances were these ! " A female slave, a number
of years ago, escaped from Georgia into Florida,
and was married by an Indian. In process of
time the daughter of this pair became the wife of
Oceola, the far-famed Indian Chief. The propri
etor of the fugitive, or a person holding his claim
after her death, ascertained that the wife of Oceo-
a was her daughter, in person, or by proxy, seized
her in an unguarded moment, dragged her into
Georgia, and made her a slave. The great and
greatly injured son of the forest resolved on re
venge, and, pursuing his kidnapper, availed him-
lf of an opportunity to shoot him through tho
heart.". A cry was at once raised against the un
happy Indians and the blood-hounds of war let
loose upon them. And thus commenced an exter
minating warfare, which, besides the misery which-
has occasioned, and the Jives it has sacrificed,
. . rt- ..J 1 I
and northern oniceis mm t"'VJlC3 nuc ut-tu
ragged to the South, to be shot down by Indian
ifles or sicken and die m Florida marshes,) ha
Ireadv cost our government an amount ol money,
equal to two dollars fpr every man, woman and
child in the country. A fair proportion ot this
money has come out of northern purses. Have
we then nothing to do with a system which, with
in a few years past, has put its hands into our
pockets, rind abstracted from the purse of every
citizen wilh a family of six, nearly twelve dollars,
to meet a single item of its expenditures? But
for the war, from ten to fifteen millions of surplus
revenue, might now be divided among the non
slaveholding States. And have we nothing to da
with a system which filches from us our money
by millions ?"

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