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THE VOI CE OF FREED OM .
From the Vermont Telegraph. Anti-Slavery Convention. Pursuant to nublic noiice, a Convention of the Vt. Anti-Slavery Society assembled at the Con-rrpo-ntional Meeting-house in Manchester, Sept 25th, 1839, at 9o 'clock A. M. for the transaction of business. The Convention was called to order bv Dr. J. W. Hale, one of the Executive Committee of the Society, and was organized by the election of J. W. Half., President Dan Roberts, Jr Secretary, Hon. Wm. Shafter, Timothy Good- ale, Hon. John S. Pettibone, Rev. Justin Par sons, Rev. Benjamin Shaw, and Mr. Allen of Townsend, a Business Committee The Convention then adjourned to meet at half past 10, A. M. for public exercises. 10 1-2 o'clock. A. M. The Convention met, and the meeting opened with prayer by Rev. Mr. Hiirmno-hs. The. Tininr.!! Pnmmiiipn reported the follow ing resolutions : Tl.ni tlip slave :s liable to more cruel lrentment. than domestic animals. 2. Resolved, That our only confidence of suc cess in the Anti-Slavery cause i in the blessing of God upon that truth, which commends itself to every man s conscience in me Mgm ui vuu. 3. Resolved, That it is as inconsistent for the fripnrls of libertv to vote for slavery, as it is to write, speak, or prny for it. 4. Resolved, That as nteli, as Christians, as A merieans, the people of the North have a deep in terest in the abolition of American slavery. The resolutions reported were accepted by the Convention. Resolution, No. 1, was then called up, and af ter discussion by Rev.. Benjamin Shaw, and Col. J. P. Miller, was adopted. On motion of T. Goodale, Resolved, That no member be aliowed to speak to anv one question more than 15 minutes at any one time, without leave of the Convention. Resolution, No. 2, was then called up, and dis cussed by Rev. Justin Parsons, Rev. Asahel Nott, Rev. Mr Stearns, and John S. Pettibone. Ad journed to 1-2 past 1 P. M. Afternoon. Convention met. Prayer by Rev. J. V. Sawyer. Letter of Hon. W. II. Ranney, read. Voted to incorporate the letter with the proceedings of the convention. Resolution, No, 2, was laid upon the table for the present. Resolution, No. 3, was then called up, and af ter being discussed by Col. Miller Mr. Allen, Mr. Pettibone, and others, was adopted. Resolution, No. 2, was then called up, and fur ther discussed by Elder Elon Galuslia and Elder Burroughs, and adopted. The Business Committee then introduced the following resolution, which was accepted by the Convention, and laid upon the table. 5. Resolved, That the action on the subject of slavery by the recent convention of Congregation al delegates at Montpelier, is but an additional evidence, that the churches are not yet doing their whole duty to the enslaved ; and that many of the clergy are wielding a tremcuduous power in favor of slavery. Adjourned to Thursday, Sept. 26, at 10 o'clock A. M. Thursday, Sept. 26. Convention met. Pray er by Rev. B. Shaw. Resolution, No. 4, was called up, and after dis cussion by D. Roberts, Jr., E. D. Barber, Col. Miller and Judge Pettibone, was adopted. Ad journed to 1-2 past 1 P. M. Afternoon. Convention met. Prayer by Rev. James Anderson. Resolution, No. 5, was called up, and was dis cussed by T. Goodale, Col. Miller, J Stedman and Rev. James Anderson, and Judge Pettibone. In reference to the explanations of Rev. James Anderson, on motion of Judge Shafter, seconded by Col. Miller, the resolution was laid upon the table. The followinir resolutions were then adopted. tlesolved. That the grateful acknowledgments of this Convention be tendered to the church and society in mis piace, lor tue occupation oi ineir house, and the courteous reception we have every . i i r . . I . . i .1 where met with Resolved, That the proceedings of this conven tion be signed by the President and Secretary, and forwarded for publication in the Voice of Freedom, and such other papers as choose to publish them. The congregation then joined in singing the Christian Doxology, and were dismissed with a benediction from Rev. James Anderson. . On Tuesday and Wednesday" evenings, Col. Miller lectured to very attentive audiences. Meet ings of prayer for the slave were held on Wednes day and Thursday mornings. The proceedings were conducted with much harmony, and apparrent interest, and it is believ ed that a good impression has been made by them upon the public mind. J. W. Hale, President. D. Roberts, jr. Secretary. Loss of the Schooner New-York. We have mentioned the loss of the schooner New-York, on Lake Ontario, during a severe gale on the 15th ult. The following particulars of the melancholly event we copy from the King ston Chronicle. They are contained in a letter from John Rose, Esq., N. Y. Spec. To-day has been exhibited in this place an aw lul scene; during the severe storm of yestarday a vessel was discovered some 8 or 10 miles from shore, apparently in an ungovernable situation. At about 12 o'clock she neared the land so as to be distinctly seen, when it was discovered she was lying on her be.un ends, driven forward by a mighty sea toward the shore. On crossing the bar at the entrance of the bay, she struck and went to pieces. Two men were discovered cling ing to a piece of the deck one was soon washed off, the other continued to hold on till he came so near as to be heard calling for assistance, arid beckoning with his hand for the people on shore to come off. Attempt were made to launch a small boat into the boiling surf, but all efforts wore unavailing; the sea run so high that it was utterly impossible. He was cheered and encour aged from the shore for some time. At length, weary and exhausted, he washed from the piece to which' he- held, and sank to rise no more. 'J?a day the inhabitants have been buisily enga ged1 in saving what the fury of the waves has spared' consisting of masts, blocks, and rigging, ice. The vessel was laden with staves, a large fjuantilvof which came on shore, amd have been sa ved. Jii sounding round the wreck two men were found tashed to the main shrouds; one had lash e4 Hirnself by the middle, the oth 9T found the arm, and in this situation were driven ashore with the wreck ; one man is apparently about 30 years of are. sandv liair. arre whiskers, about lour ieet o - j ' o ' eiffht or nine inches in heip-ht. had on a coarse roundabout, cloth vest& coarse canvass trowscrs. In his pocket was found a small pocket-book containing 1. 3s. 4d. in silver, but no papers whereby to designate his name nnd place of resi dence ; 'die other was nbout twenty-one or two; dark brown hair, fair complexion, had on a pair of fustian trowsers, and over them a pair of coarse canvass ones, striped cotton shirt, but no coat or vest. It is expected that there are still more per sons under the wreck, which is now lying bottom upwards, in about seven feet of water; neither of the two men seen from shore has yet been found. From the size of the vessel it would be supposed to require a crew of eight or nine per sons ; al! on board, however, be they many or few, hafe perished. The Oswego Herald' says : The New-York was under the charge of Capt. George Carlisle, of this village, an excellent officer, and an esteem ed cilixen ; and her crew is supposed to consist of 6 men. She left the Welland Canal on the 13th or 11th, bound to French Creek. Touch up the Publishing Agent. Be it known that on Tuesday, the 17th of Sept. al 3 o'clock, P. M., a gentleman called at the Anti-Slavery Office to purchase $5 worth of "American Slavery as it is,"' for a worthy old gentleman in Schoharrie Co., who wanted them for distribution, when, lo ! there was not a copy on hand, and the bearer was told to call next morning, by which time a supply would come from the binderv. The? Publishing Agent, y way of apology for the emptiness of his shelves, told a story about his having soldi since the 7ih of May, at wholesale, 17,239 Wpies, of which more than 2(i00 had been ordered within the last fortnight. Besides these, the retail sales at the desk and the gratuitous distributions have been 4,957; making the whole number put in circula tion, in four months and ten days, upwards of TWENTY TWO THOUSAND. If any body thinks the work ought to be driven faster, we advise him to send in his orders with the cash, and spur up the Publishing Agent. 1 lie nmont ol paper consumed in the manufac ture is 680 reams, medium size for the good ol the trade. Eman. Another Bereavement. " We are sorry to to learn, (says the Boston Daily Advertiser, of yestarday,) that the Hon. James C. Alvord, of Greenfield, member of Congress elect for Frank lin District, died on Friday night last, after a se vere illness of several weeks. Mr. Alvord was a young gentlman of fine talents and excellent char acter. He has been a member ol both branches of the Legislature, of which he was a useful and efficient member, and as a member of the bar, he bade fair to reach the highest honors of his pro fession. His premature death is a severe loss to the State, and it produces a vacancy in our Con gressional delegation which is much to be regret ted." Mr. Alvord, though a young lawyer of eminent promise, with the ordinary avenues to distinction wide open before him, took an early and decided stand in favor of liberty. His reports on the sub ject of slavery, lexas, and the District of Colum bia will remain as proofs at once of the sincerity of his devotion to justice, and of the statesman like qualities of his mind. Had he lived to bear his part in the great conflict, and to share in the elorWius victory, which awaits the advocates of equal rights in Congress, we have no doubt his name would have occupied a worthy niche among the worthy. But so a just and wise Providence has not ordained. Let us all bow to his goodwill, who doeth all things well. Our shnpathies are tendered to the father bereft of his first born, and to other mourning friends. Emancipator. Objections Answered. We are often told that " England forced slavery upon America." This is not strictly true. She permitted her neo- pie to course along our coasts with her slave ships crying out who'll ivy? and our guilty forefathers n n rtnl ti'm II I. tut t .i ml ml r mil t v mroln thpr responded W e! and eajrerly sougnt tneir cargoes nf slnves. But if their mult were a naliation of our crime, ought we not to imitate their recent deeds of repentance ! But " God permitted his chosen people to hold slaves, as we read in the Bible." So he did, but he likewise made the following command : " lc shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim Liber ty through!, all the land unto all the inhabiants thereof." It is now fifty years since our govern ment was instituted ; will our Bible-quoting slave ites obey the positive command ? Montrose Spec tator. The position of the pro-slavery clergy is such in regard to the anti-slavery enterprise, that they cannot defend it a moment, nnd therefore will not, if they can avoid it, allow it to be discussed. They know they are in the wrong grossly terribly and (it is gelling to be) unpardona'bhj. And they cannot now get off their position, with out compromising their dignity and their pride. This is the whole of it. It is palpably so. Self evidently. Otherwise they would some of them discuss it and defend it. If any ofthcin thought they were right, they would some of them vindi cate it. So soon as any one becomes willing to examine it or rather to examine himself in re gard to it, he comes off and joins the anti-slavery ranks, where we have, I fear, nearly all that is conscience and moral courage in the community. The question has been too long before the coun try, fur any man of common intelligence to excuse himself on the score of inattention or ignorance, especially a clergyman, whose business is moral and spiritual reform. Herald of Freedom. Missionary. The late Anniversary of the A merican Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions at Troy, N. Y.- appears to have been one of the most interesting meetings of that noble institution. There were in attendance about 250 ministers, " representing the thousands of Israel." The Board have laid out their work for the coming year, which will require for its support, three hun dred thousand ActWaxs. It appears that 20 addi tional missionaries are to be sent oat the coming year. - At the Sandwich Islands, five thousand were added to the Church during the year ending June 1, 1838; and more recently this number has been increased to ten thousand. Morn'mg Star. To the whig celebration in Taunton, J. Q. Ad ams sent the following characteristic toast: " Uncle Sam The teacher of nations. Hampshire Gazette. ,A notable sehoolmaster, no doubt! But what is the lesson ? Let the letter of John Quincy Ad ams to the anti-slavery petitioners answer ! Lib erty for the text, and fetters for the comment. " In alienable rights" without the "right of petition !" Friend of Man. THE VOICE OP FltEEDOM. MONTPELIER, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1839. State Semi-Annual Meeting. A Semi-Annual meeting of the Vermont Anti-Slavery Society will bp holdenat Montpelier, on the 17th day of October inBt. Business meeting will commence in the Free Church, at 10 o'clock, A.M. and public exercises will be held at 2 o'clock, P M. All Auxiliary Societies are urgently solicited to send delegates; ull persons who are avowed abolitionists and in favor of the great movement now making to a considerable extent throughout the civilized world, to do away slavery, are invited to participate in the deliberations of the Society. A general attendance is requested at all the public exer cises. It is expected the session of the Society will occu py most of two days. J. A. ALLEN, Ste. of Executive Committee. Middlebury, Oct. 1,1839. Freedom of the Pulpit. We are so well pleased with the manly spirit of Rev. Mr. Pierpont's Letter that we offer it, en tire, to our readers. Mr. P. has officiated as the pastor of Hollis street church in Boston, about twenty years. During the last two or three years, it would seem, he has occasionally pieached with greet freedom, on the Christian duty of temper ance. This has been the ostensible occasion of repeated attempts, on the part of a minority of the pew-holders, to oust him from the pulpit; but an other ground of opposition is, that he has 'opened his mouth for the dumb' by preaching two dis courses liaving reference to slavery. The subject matter of this letter is by no means of merely lo cal interest. Its arguments are unanswerable- As a literary production it has uncommon merit. We commend it to the notice of those ministers and laymen who are at their wits' end in their at tempts to stifle discussion on questions most vi tally affecting the purity and peace of the Ameri can church. 017" In consequence of the general indisposition of the hands inthis office, nnd the utter impossibil ity of procuring other help sufficient, it has been very difficult, and sometimes quite impossible for several weeks, to get out our paper in due sea. son for all the mails. This, we presume, will al so be sufficient apology for any delinquency in the typographical execution of the Voice. Pub. CC7"Several communications are received, and on file for an early insertion. For the Voice of Freedom. Congregational Convention .--No. 3. Mr. Editor: The apostolic Elliot used to say, when he met with his ministerial brethren, "The Lord Jesus is very attentive to the conduct of his ministers, when they are assembled together; Come let us prat." Now we will suppose, that the Lord Jesus was present in the late convention of ministers; when Rev. Mr. Hodges called up the memorial of the Black RivejftAssociation on the subject of slavery, that he witnessed all the move ments of his ministers; and heard all, that fell from their lips; that his e3-es as a flame of fire penetrated every heart, and that he understood the secret springs of every action, what must have beenhis feelings! Could he behold the entire pro cess until the expunging vote was passed without weeping over the Convention, as he did once over Jerusalem? And had he have sent a letter to these angels, what wojld have been his language? Well, he was present, and all the churches shall know, that he scarcheth the reigns and hearts, and that he will give unto every one of them according to their works. Mr. Hodges wished to have a committee appoin ted to prepare a circular letter, to be addressed by t lie Convention to christians in the slaveholding states. And he placed the question, where it should be placed, not on the ground of policy, but of solemn duty. Could a body of ministers, ac ting in the presence of Jesus Christ, reject such a proposal? Alas they did ! The reasons, which they offered for so doing are before the world, and will one day have to pass again in review before Him, whose eyes are as a flame of fire. And I hope they have already been reviewed by those, who offend them, in their closets and at the bar of conscience. I' or sell-examination is a very good exercise for ministers, as well as for their hearers. And those, who preach to others, should not forget to preach to themselves. In the nineteenth century, in the State of Ver mont and after some discussion, the proposition was rejected by a majority of the convention. I am grieved, that such a fact is now a matter of record, which cannot be expunged. And I do hope, that the Black River Association will renew their memorial, that other associations will send forward their memorials, and that the next Con vention will do what the last should have done ; send a letter to their brethren at the south on the subject of slavery. I am now ready to offer the reasons why I think this course should be taken. 1. Such a course would have a tendency to promote union among the churches in this state. "Love is the bond of perfectnpss." And had those brethren, who opposed, advocated the meas ure, the best feelings of their hearts would have been drawn out, and excited to action. And all their churches would have seen their christian movements, and would have felt united as one body. 2! The relations, which subsist between the churches at the North and the South, require that something should be done reepectiong slavehol ding. It is a fact well known, that northern churches have long held Christian fellowship with the churches at the south; have met them in eclesias tical bodies, and freely interchanged communion with them. They are therefore bound by every principle of propriety and Christian courtesy, lo reprove them, if they have fallen into any sinful practice, and to exhort and persuade them to turn from their evil ways, that iniquity be not their ru in. Such was the practice of the apostles. When evil practices crept into the churches, and evil re ports were spread abroad, they wrote to them, ex horted, warned, and reproved them. And chris tian ministers and churches may now safely fol low their example. There may indeed be a point, as in the case of heresy persisted in, when this duty is no longer required. But then all Christian fellowship must cease, and you can no lontrer recognize them as brethren. And we cannot say, that we have arrived at this painfu point, until we have taken gospel measures to gain our brother. It is assuming too much to say, that a Christian letter will do no good, that Christians at the South will not hear yo,ti. "Charily hopetl all things." And the grace of God can soften hearts at the south as well as at the north. But granting, that they are past feeling and incorrigi ble, you have been in fellowship with them, and how can you withdraw your fellowship until you have dealt with thein ? Bo your duty, and if they will not hear you, then treat them as heath en men and publicans; have no fellowship with them. 3. Northern chuiches cannot free themselves from the charge of being partakers of other men's sins, unless they do reprove their southern breth ren, and try to persuade them to abstain from the sin of slaveholding. It is notorious that the churches at the south are polluted with the sin of slavery. They buy and sell men. women, and children, yea even those, who are members of their own bodies, and refuse to do that unto them, which is just and eaual. And it is no less notorious, that northern churches have and do maintain friendly inter course and Christian fellowship with them. Do they not then' fellowship evil doers, and practically justify all the abominations of slavery? Is not the partaker as bad a3 the thief? In a moral point of view where is the difference between him, that worships an idol, and him that justifies his conduct? lean see none and I believe the world can see none. The northern churches must then be partakers in the sins of southern churches, un til they do bear a public testimony against their crying sins, and withdraw fellowship from them. And all impartial observers will say, that northern churches do as really countenance and uphold slavery as their brethren at the south. , The one is a partaker in the sins of the other, and must be so until they come out from among them. "Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he"? What fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness ? and what concord haih Christ with Be'ial, or what part hath he that be- lieveth with an infidel?" or a slaveholder? "and have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them." 4. A regard to consistency requires northern Christians to speak out their minds on the subject of slavery to southern churches. If "slavery he abhorrent to every feeling of their hearts,'' they.are ready to call it a sin, nnd do really believe "that it is the greatest curse of our country," why not say so to southern churches? why not sound the alarm? why not say to the wicked thou shalt surely die, if thou turn not from thy wickedness? If slavery be a moral evil, it is a sin of the blackest die; and Paul was correct in classing men-stealers with the unholy and profane, mur derers of fathers and murderers of mothers, man slayers and whoremongers, Sodomites and liars and perjured persons. And he tells us the law was made for such. Why then should it not be executed upon them? Now if southern chuiches admitted to their communion purjured persons and whoremongers, and murderers, and allowed liars, and Sodomites to occupy their desks, how long would northern churches hold communion with them? Would not a note long and loud soon be uttered from the north and the west, say ing come out from her my people, that ye be not partakers of her plagues? Southern churches do nourish among them a sin, which the apostle classes with these horrid crimes, and which does embody them all, why then should not northern christians awake and net, lift up their voices and cry aloud, warn them of their wickedness, and refuse all Christian fellowship with them? Surely they can not act consistently, while they call slavery a sin, a corse, and yet treat the slavehol der, who commits the sin, as a Christian brother. And as little do they regard the apostolic injunc tion, Now we command you, brethren,, in trie name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disor derly, and not nAcr tho tradition ho received of us." 2 Thessa. 3, 6. The point at issue is this, are the ministers of Christ bound to obey his commands, or may they cast them behind their backs, or treat them with sullen neglect?" And why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things, which I say?'' KIAH BAYLEY. For the Voice of Freedom. SPLENDID MEETING IN WEST BETH EL, ELLIOT CRESSON PREACHING COLONIZATION. Bro. Knapp, As I entered the beautiful vil lage of West Bethel last evening, at 7 o'clock, 1 observed a brilliant light in the meeting house I inquired of a lad I met in the road, what was to be the order of the evening. He said he could not tell, but believed there was to be a lecture on slaves; the speaker was going to show that it was the du ty of the white people to buy up all the slaves and send them to Cape Palmas. This created an anxiety in my mind to attend. Accordingly t dropped into the meeting the number in attend ance first attracted my attention my eye fixed upon individuals with whom I was acquainted, from some four or five different towns of men, women and children, who were present, there were in all fifty-three, assembled to be enlightened on the subject of Colonization by a lecture from Mr. Cresson. The speaker commenced by referring to the nu merous and deeply interesting topics connected with Colonization ; he hardly knew on what topic or part of the subject to dwell its friends, how ever, when tired of one could take the other, and so be constantly interested. In short, Coloniza tion, said Mr. Cresson, is like the nobieman's deg, who by some accident was cut in two; an individ ual present, having a sovereign remedy for such wounds, in his haste to restore the dog, put him together with two legs up and two down, so tho dog when he become tired of travelling with one side, would take the other. True, thought I, to the life Colonization is like a dog, and in the south he is clamorous in favor slavery, and in his abuse of the free man of color he is beyond endur ance. The Society's Friendship for Slavery. " It is no Abolition Society; it addresses, as yet, arguments to no master. It denies the design of attempting emancipation, partial or general. Af. Rep. III. 197. " Into their (the Society's) accounts, the subject of emancipation does not enter at all. Af. Rep. IV. p. 206. " The friends o( Colonization wish to be dis tinctly understood on this point. From the be ginning, they have disavowed, and they do yet disavow, that their object is the emancipation of slaves." Speech of J. S. Green, before the New Jersey Society. "From its origin, and throughout the whole pe iod of its existence, it has constantly disclaimed all intention whatever of interfering in the small est degree with the rights of property, or the ob ject of emancipation, gradual or immediate." Af. Rep. VI. p. 13. " The emancipation of slaves, or the ameliora tion of their condition, with the moral, intellectual, and political improvement of the people of color within the United States, are objects foreign to the powers of this Society." Address of the Board of Managers to its Auxiliaries. Af. Rep. VI. p. 291. Thus we see that the language of this Coloni zation dog is, when traveling on one side, unqual ifiedly in favor of slavery, aud he utterly denies that emancipation, partial or general, gradual or immediate, direct or indirect, in theory or in prac tice, is included among its objects. The real ob ject of the Colonization Society is 4o enhance the value and security of slave labour, and is a rich source of pecuniary profit to slaveholders, as the following extracts abundantly show : " All that has been done in Mississippi has been through the exertions of the planters, and large arge slaveholders many of whom were enemies. but have become friends from witnessing the pe cuniary benefit that has resulted to the slave holders, from the influence of the Society," Af. Rep. Vol. XIV. p. 96. " The injury they (the free blacks) do to the slaveholder's property, by their influence upon his servants, would, if valued, amount to more than sufficient to convey them from us." Af. Rep. III. 59. " To remove these persons from among us will increase the usefulness, and improve the moral character of those who remain in servitude, and with whose labours the country is unable to dis pense." Af. Rep. III. p. 67. The Society's abuse of the free people of color. " Of all the descriptions of our population, and of either portion of the African race, the free per sons of color are by far, as a class, the most cor rupt, depraved and abandoned." Af. Rep. VI. 12, This class of persons is a curse a?id contagion wherever they reside." Af. Rep. III. 203. " It the Society proposes to renounce a clast of population from among us, which from its de graded condition, and its want of proper induce ment to energy, activity, and industry, is a pest to every society in the midst of which it is located. r. the north they are not received into association with the whites ; they are riotous, disorderly, and debased. In the south, in addition to these char acteristics, they disquiet nnd corrupt the slaves, and incite them to disobedience and rebellion. It