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The voice of freedom. [volume] (Montpelier, Vt.) 1839-1848, November 23, 1839, Image 2

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from St. Albans.it was whether a report mfght
bo exoccted r.t this session from the committee ap
poinred to iuvx-stigato the Windsor and Essex
.Gunks? No rsply . was .given and Mr. Brown
hai leave of absence. .
Mr. Spraguo introduced a resolution, . empower
ing the aforenamed committee to sit after the ad
, iouriuaent adopts Adj.
bv the chaplain-.
Bills. From tho House, iiicerporating the Pres
ident, Directors and Company of the Bank of
Montpclie-r, with a capital stock of 8100,000 twice
read and referred to the Commitee on Banks.
This bill provides for the incorporation of a new
Bank of Montpelier, with the same privileges,
limitations and restrictions as provided for in oth
er bills incorporating Banks the present session;
relating to the Craftsbury Rifle company, reported
by Mr. Burgess, and passed; relating to trustee
process, from the House, reported by Mr. Converse
adverse to the passage of the bill. It provided for
extending the trustee process to negotiable paper.
The third reading of the bill was unanimously re
fused; granting a ferry to Fhelps and Hazen, re
ported by Mr. Swift, read a third time and passed;
to provide for the security of bill -holders, reported
by Mr. McMillan, that the same ought to pass.
This bill repeals an act past at the present session
for the security of bill holders, in the revised stat
utes, and makes other provisions, for the winding
up of the concerns of banking institutions. Re
jected upon the question of a third reading; incor
porating the Caledonia County Mutual Fire In
surance Company, reported by committee that the
same ought not to pass, and the bill was refused
a third reading; relating to the support of paupers,
reported by committee and laid upon the table;
for the removal of obstructions in f aul's stream in
the county of Essex, read a third time, nnd pass
ed, yeas 12, nays 8 ; relating to militia in the town
of Goshen, reported by Mr. Lawrence, facts sta
led, and the bill rejected upon the question of a
third reading; "in addition to an act " governing
the militia of this state," providing for the revi
ving or reorganizing a company of Cavalry in Cal
ais and adjunct towns, opposed by Messrs. Cobb,
Edgerton, Fierpoint and Eaton, supported by Mr.
Lawrence, and its third reading refused, yeas 8,
nays 13.
Bills. Extending charter of Bank of Rutland
returned to lha Senate with amendments, concur
red in. Chap. 11, of acts repealed, referred to
Messrs. Fullam and Butler. Restoring Cavalry
Co. 1st Regiment 21 brigade, to former privileges
and establishing Weathersfield Light Infantry,
passed; relating to pedlars, dismissed; incorpora
ting Merchant's nnd Farmer's Bank, atVergennes
rejected on the second reading, 87 to 54; incorpo
rating Freehold Bank, amendments of the Sen
ate concurred in ; militia bill returned by the Sen
ate insisting on its amendments : Mr. Fisk of VV.
moved a com. of conference negatived, and the
House insisting on their disagreement; incorpora
ting the Provident Savings Institute at Brattleboro'
laid on tho table for amendment. Relative to
Cambridge artillery company, and relating to mil
itia dismissed. To divide the Co. of Benninjrton,
&c, dismissed. In addition to the several high
way acts, (two bills,) dismissed. In favor of John
S. Pettibone, laid on the table, on motion of Mr.
Needham, with the understanding that it shall not
again be. called up. Providing for the purchase of
maps, dismissed. ueiating to salaries ot cejtam
officers, dismissed.
Petitions. Of inhabitants of Elmore, of L. N.
Stevens and others, and of Selectmen of Worces
ter, leave to withdraw granted.
To repeal act incorporating the village of Wood
stock, the House adhered to its disagreement to
the amendment of the Senate.
.Reports. By General Committee, against pe
tition of inhabitants of Dummcrston, relative to
Putney poor-house, concurred in; against repeal
ing fox bounty. By com. of Ways and Means,
their estimate of probable expenses ($74,932.) and
receipts (73,618,) for the year ending 30th Sept
Resolutions. Relating to small bills (introduced
by Mr. Brown,) on their passage ayes 64, noes
bl. Un the same subject (introduced by Mr.
Partridge,) dismissed. , For printing of one copy
of revised statutes for each town, dismissed. On
the resolutions of the state of Indiana on Slavery-
passed. Adj.
2 c'clock, P. M.
Mr. Pierpoint, of the committee of finance, re
ported the result of the conference with the House
on the amendments to the chapter " ot slanes and
fees," and the Senate concurred with the recom
mendations of the committee of conference, in re
ceding from a part of their objection, and adher
ing to the remainder.
Bills. From the House, to pay Jos. Rollins
the sura mentioned, for apprehending a felon;-
facts stated by Mr. Cobb, and the hill read a third
time and passed; to restore the Tunbridge Caval
ry company to its former privileges, reported by
JYlr. Burgess, the bill was refused a third reading ;
assessing a tax for the support of government; au
thorizing the 1 reasixrer to borrow the sum men
tioned; making appropriations for the support of
government, severally read a third time and pass
ed; to pay Anstin D. Arms tne sum mentioned
for services as Librarian, reported by Mr. Jones,
facts stated, the bill was refused a third read ing;-
Jaymg a tax on lands in Greensboro' reported by.
Mr. Hemmanway, with proposals of amendment
nicri were adopted, and the bill was read a third
time and passed; incorporating the Bank of Mont
pelier, reported by Mr. McMillan with proposed
amendments, which were adopted, and the bill
was read a third lime a'ld passed, yeas 14, nays
6 ; in alteration of an act providing for reporting
the decisions of the Supreme Court, read a third
time and passed; relating lo common schools, the
two Houses disagreeing in proposed amendments,
the Senate'resolved to insist and ask a conference
with the House committee of conference Messrs
Swift, Edgerton and Eaton; relating to steamboat
stock, referred lo the committee on the Judiciary;
relating to paupers, called up, the question being
upon a proposition to amend, was decided in the
ntgiiive; .relating to steamboat stock, a 3d read
ing refused, yeas 8, nays U; relating to Lamoille
Co. Cavalry, tb'trd reading refused.
.Ifeiofoi'ions.-Authorizing the Secretary to make
dul, receive and pay over the debentures of the
Senate. Adopted ; relatine to committee of inves
tigation! on Windsor and Essex Banks, sent up
from the House, and the Senate resolved not to
concur 'j from the House, for a comrnfttee of two
from each House to report on amendments to 1 1 1th
. v it, ioitiiutes, concurred ifc and I
Messrs. Pierpoint and Swift appointed-o the part
of the Senate.
Mr. Edgerton introduced the-following resolu
tion: ' , . .
Resolved," That the -rgem.bers of the Senate be
ing about to close their session and separate, take
the occasion to express to his Hon. David M. Camp
their entire approbation of his official conduct, as
their presiding officer, '.be high sense they entcr-
. t :r : i--. . . , ,
tain oi me umiurui impartiality, courtesy ana noil
ity, with which he has presided over their deliber
ations, nnd their ardent desire for his uninterrup
ted health and happiness. -
The Senate, -with a hearty andspontaneousex
pression in the affimative, unanimously adopted
me resolution, wncn
Tho President addressed tho Senate, in sub
stnncens follows :
Gentlbmeii, The sentiments of the resolution,
so kind and so commendatory, which vou have
just pnssed.call upon me in a manner not to be resis
ted, n 1 would nvoid the imputation of insensibili
ty or ingratitude, to endeavor to express my thanks
and a sense of the obligations imposed. . The ap
probation ot our tellowmen is ever a stimulus to
exertion and presents a legitimate object of ambi
tion. We diligently seek and highly prizethe no
probation of those whom we esteem, our associates,
our friends and familiar acquaintances. That I
stand in these relations to you, Gentlemen, is my
pride and boast. With some of you I have long
labored in the service of our common constituents
and though with others my acqunintance has been
more brief and less intimate, yet has it been so
distinguished by uniform courtesy and kindness
that I forget how short has been the period of our
Your commendation derives additional value
from the circumstance that it is not the hackneyed
eulogium of approving political friends, or the
senseless formula of parting with a presiding ofii
cer, uniformly and periodically tendered when
the connection is about to be dissolved, often con
ferred without discrimination and acquired with
out merit. You have delayed the expression of
your approbation until, it may be presumed, you
are able correctly lo judge, and by so doing, given
it a value which under less favorable circumstan
ces, it would not posses. Much as I must ad
mit, I am indebted lo your partial kindness, no
ground is left to suspect your sincerity. In return, I
can only say, Gentlemen, I tender you my cordial
thanks, and cheerfully acknowledge you have
laid me under obligations of gratitude, which must
remain until the final wreck of all my moral per
ceptions. To the credit of the Senate of Vermont, I must
be permitted to say, that during the four years I
have had the honor and the happiness to preside
over your deliberations, not an instance has oc
curred, in which I have found the indication of
even a willingness, much less a settled purpose
on the part of any senator, to obstruct the progress
of business, or cast nn odium upon myself as pre
siding officer. When laboring under the embar
rassments of inexperience, or erring through want
of care, I have ever found a ready resource in the
sympathy, forbearance and kindness, which have
been conspicuous in the conduct of every senator.
Mv mistakes have been passed over in silence, or
pointed out in the spirit of friendship, aud a tri
umph, which sometimes might have been obtain
ed at my expense, has been indignantly spurned
as utterly worthless.
If the character of the neonle of this state, in re
gard to the practical principle of rotation in office,
be preserved, or my own wishjs consulted, my
connection with this body will terminate with the
present session. To carry with me into retire
ment your approbation has for sometime been my
anxious desire. Beinir now -ratified in this, lean
devolve the duties, responsibilities nnd honors of
office on my successor, with the hope that a much
greater fund of wisdom and experience may be
obtained for the services of the state, securing for
all future time a hisjh reputation to the senate and
the unwavering regard an dsupport of the people.
Resolution. On the subject of education (Mr
Partridge's dismissed.
Peiitions. Of R. T. Robinson, and others laid
on the table, not nsroin to be considered.
Bill. Repealing license act of 1S38 Senate
bill amended and passed, and the House bill dis
missed; incorporating Windham Co. Piovident
Savings institution, amended and the ayes and
noes taken ayes 3S, noes 60 no quorum and
the bill was laid on the table, not again to be con
sidered. r Adj.
Tuesday Eve., Nov, 19.
Bills. In addition to an act regulating and gov
erning the militia. On motion of Mr. Bowen,
committee of conference was appointed upon the
disagreements of the two Houses. Committee,
Messrs. Jenness, Cobb and Converse. To pay
A. D. Arms the sum therein mentioned vote re
fusing to pairs reconsidered, and the bill was re
fused a third reading.
Resolutions. From the House. Tclating to the
proceeds of the public lands, read from the chair.
when Mr. kr-erton proposed so to ntnena me
first resolution that the public lands be sold to ac
tual settlers, and no others, and the proceeds there
of be distribted. &c. when Mr. McMillan moved
that thn resolution be laid on the table. After de
bate by Mr. Cobb, the question was token and de
cided in the negative, yeas 10, nays 10 ; the Pres
ident voting in the negative ; and the question Te
curring upon the amendment offered by Mr. Eg
erton, it was rejected, yeas 10, nays 10, the Pres
ident voting in the negative. After remarks by
Mr. Cobb, opposing the resolution, the question
was taken by ayes and noes, and the resolution
passed, yeas 1(5, nays 10, the president voting in
the affirmative. The 2d resolution Was then adop
ted without a call of the yeas and nays. Providing
for the oublication of that portion of the revised
statutes which go into operation before the first of
July next, in all the newspapers in this state; iaia
on the table. -From the House, relating to the
publication of a portion of the revised statutes in
all the news papers of the state, amended, on
motion of Mr. Pierpoint, by adding, after the word
state, " not exceeding two in each county," exclu
ding the chapters on " chancery" and on " salaries
and fees," from publication in the papers, and pro
viding that the Secretary of State do not publish
tht revised statutes with the other laws of the
session, but deliver them te the revising commit
tee for publication; and the resolution, as amend
ed, passed. , . ,
Air Vabb called up the resolution irom me
House, relating to internal improvement, and of-
ferrcd an amendment, which was adopted. Th
resolution, as amended, was then concurred, in,
yeas 16, nays 5.
The Senate resolved to insist on their disagree
ment, and ask Lr a conference in velatiou to the
23th chapter of the revised statutes or. process,
committee of conference, Messrs. Swift, Pierpoiai
and McMillan.
Mr. Converse reported the results of the commit
tee of conference, on the disagreements of the two
Houses :o the bill relating to the militia, recom
mending the Senate to recede from the amend
ments axcept tho first and 2d, and the Senate re
solved to concur in the report.
Mr. Egcrton, of th6 committee io whom was re
ferred resolutions from different states, reported
resolutions, with the opinion that no action was
necessary upon them, the subjects to which they
relate having been already embraced in resolu
tions passed by both Houses..
Mr. Pierpoint, of the committee of conference
on the disagreement of the two Houses upon the
chapter of the revised statutes, relating to process,
reported the result of the conference, in which the
Senate resolved to concur, and amended the 63d
section, relating to imprisonment for debt.
Mr. Converse was delegated to inform the gov
ernor that the Senate, on its part, had finished
the business of the session, and was now prepared
for an adjournment, without day.
.On motion of Mr. Pierpoint, the Senate resolv
ed that when it adjourn it adjourn without day.
The secretary was directed by the President to
inform the House that the Senate had no further
communications to make.
Mr. Converse, having informed the Senate that
the Governor had no further communications to
make to the General Assembly, the Senate ad
journed without day.
Militia Bill. The Senate, by message, asked
a conference on this bill, which was agreed to, and
on the part of the House, Messrs. Needham, Ful
lam and Dean, were appointed the committee.
Subsequently the committee reported, recommen
ded the House to concur in the first and twelfth
amendments (leaving the law of exempts as here
tofore, and requiring drills but once in two years,)
the Senate receded from its (15) other amend
ments. Messrs. Rice, Fullam, Chandler and War
ner of Newhaven supported concurrence in the
recommendation of the committee as to the first
amendment, opposed by Messrs. Thomas and Ty
ler: the House receded from its disagreements
to both the 1st and 12th.
Resolutioti. Mr. Needham offered the follow
ing: Resolved, That the thanks of this House be
presented to the lion. Carlos Coolidge, for the
able, impartial, and dignified manner, in which he
has performed the unusually laborious and res
ponsible duties of Speaker of the House during
the present session ; that our best wishes will ever
attend him hereafter; and that we shall remem
ber our intercourse here only with feelings of fra
ternal interest and regard : which was read and
adopted unanimously ; whereupon the Speaker
responded, in handsome terms, reciprocating the
kind feeling expressed by the House.
Mr. Butler offered a resolution for publication,
in all the newspapers in the state, of those parts of
the revised natutes which go into operation previ
ous to the first of July next, adopted.
The House having insisted upon its amendment
to chapter 23, extending the trustee process, and
the Senate htving insisted upon their disagree
ment and asked a conference, it was aereed to,
and Messrs Dillingham, Fullam and Needham,
were appointed on the part of the House. The
committee of conference recommended a substi
tute for the amendment of the House, which was
agreed to.
The usual messages having passed between the
Executive and both Houses, the Speaker declared
the House adjourned without day.
are happy to record the noble act of Mr. Birney
of which the particulars are lo be found on our
last page. We see not, however, how it can be
justified on the principles of the Anti-Slavery
society.' leiD Haven llccord.
" It is of course not a little gratifying to us to
nnd that, when tho matter comes home m such a
practical and pe-sonal case, a gentleman so iden
tified with the movements of the Anti-Slavery
Society feels himself impelled to abandon its
principles nnd adopt ours as a rule of action."-
Vermont Lhromcle.
Neither the Record or the Chronicle has quoted
from any ami-slavery publication of repute, a sincle
sentence, that either expressly, or by necessary im
plication condemns this proceeding of Mr. JJ. I he
attempt to chow that he has in any degree depar
ted from the principles of the anti-slavery society,
is a mere piece of Iracy-ism. 1 he apologist in
the North blind themselves, by the way they have
of regarding-the slaveholder as thrown unfortu
nately into a certain slate. The abolitionists re
card him as beintr fiuilty of a certain act. The
apologists pity him. The abolitionists blame him.
When the abolitionists speak of slaveholding ns
invariably sinful, aud prove it by showing irom the
slave laws, what slavery is, they have respect to
the voluntary act of holding slaves under those
laws, and not in any involuntary stnto or relation
into which a man may be placed without any con
sent of his owp. The slate of Alabama might
by statute declare Gernt Smith tho owner of a
thousand slaves, and enact that no deed of eman
cipation which he could make should be valid
Would Gerrit Smith thereupon be guilty of the
sin of slaveholdinj? ? Certainly not, for it is a
matter with which his consent or refusal has noth
ing at all to do.- If he exercised any acts or did
any thing which virtually implied consent or in
tention to hold slaves, then he would be guilty of
this tin. In Mr. Birney s case the laws of Ken
tucky nut it into his power, by the sacrifice of near
ly all his patrimony, to set free a certain number
of slaves who had served his father'; and he im
mediately exercised that power. The whole act
was one of emancipation, it was sq in fact, in
form and inj intention. The law so regards it,
conscience so regards it. God so regards it.
Whether it took an hour to accomplish it through
all the forms of law, or twelve hours, or a month,
is nothing to the purpose ; every court of justice
in out country would regard it as one transaction.
The attempt to weaken the influence which this
single act of "justice" is calculated to exert over
the slaveholding mind, in this country involves a
responsibility which might mako Beelzebub turn
As the Vermont t-lironicle has charged Mr.
Birney with having adopted its principle as hit
rule of action in tho care, wo will ask the conduc
tor of that paper to take the trouble of showing
in what single instance he has ever advanced a
principle, ot stated a case, or laid dowa a rule of
acton as the duty of slaveholders generally, coin
cident with this act of Mr Biniey's.. It will be a
marvel; indeed, when Mr. Birney is driven to
Edwin Tracy to 'learii principles of moral action.'
We are much obliged to the clerical friend
who sends us the annexed letter to the President
of the Vermont Colonization Society, it being a
review of the last report of that notable institu
tion. An unusual pressure of engagements, has
prevented our giving some attention to the same
budget of inconsistencies. We hope to hear from
the reviewer again. Editor.
For ths Voice of Freedom.
To E. Paine, President of the Vermont Coloniza
tion Society.
Sm : The Report of your Society, for 1839, I
have just read, and have done it with more than
common attention ; and deem the relation you sus
tain to it as a sufficient apology for addressing
what follows to you.
This document appears to have been written
with care, and evidently not without much concern
for the reception it might meet with from the pub
lic. There is, in it, a strong effort to set off the
colonizalionists, as the only friends of the colored
man who unite liberality and discretion in their
efforts ; taking marked care, at the same time, to
impress the slaveholder with the assurance of
your purpose to do nothing without his concur
rence. Having never connected myself with the aboli
tionists, for reasons which imply no reflection on
them ; I hoped to find in the colonization society
those principles, which would furnish me an op
portunity of uniting with the benevolent in an ef
fort for the liberty of the slave. With this view
I read your report, where, besides the principles I
was in search of, I found another set, which ap
peared lo be their oppesites. I do not intend by
this remark any reflection on your consistency,
but because I was strongly impressed with this
fact, feel it my duty to expose it. Far be it from
me lo adjudge your society culpable for holding, on
the slave-question, the doctrine of the slave-states ;
but lo do so covertly, aud yet study lo seem utter
ing the language of northern humanity in refer
ence to the oppressed, 13 not only disingenuous
and disreputable, but deeply wicked. And that
this is done in the report before me is, to me, very
The report states the object of the society to be
"the extinction of slavery." And, as if not con
tented with this excellent avowal, it presently in
forms us that colonizationists "feel that the libera
tion of 3,000,000 of slaves is not enough to com
pensate for all the wrongs inflicated upon the count
less millions of robbed and murdered Africans.
Their seme of justice, therefore, reaches to Africa,
herself." Soon after this we are informed that
" many of the slave states" (who, the report says.
are embraced in the " fields" of the society,) are
ready to yield their property in man when it can
be 'done advantageously to the slave and master.
And that it will be at anytime advantageous to
to the latter is plain from the fact disclosed by
the report, that these states do not hold slates as a
benefit, but endure it as an evil. The inference is
that, as reason and cxperiepce satisfy of the safe
ty to the slave himself of freedom, abolition is to
be, ere long'looked for by these states. Thus
does the report contain, as colonization doctrines
that the colonization society, embracing many
slave states, are deeply impressed with a sense of
the guilt of slavery that to testify that sense
they are about to not only liberate our ovm slaves
but even "elevate Africa to a rank among ciciliz'
cd and christian nations."
Now, sir, does the report mean so ? Not at all.
It means just the contrary. It maintains, sub
stantially, that the general and immediate aboli
tion of elaveryjis impracticable that though "be
nevolent slave holders" may occasionally free
some, yet if they be effidive, "the just and nat
ural sentiment, of compensation is to be observed,
since such manumissions, without compensation
would be an "unreasonable sacrifice" that if
funds be procured free Africans "may be" coloni
zed that this is all which the society can do
but, this it is capable of "effecting" that in do
ing this it has the "blessing" of "benevolent
slaveholders," and their fraternal co-operation in
other respects that for the reasons above given
even tho "benevolent slaveholders" and much
less tho others, need not be expected at any time
to free, gratuitously, any effective slaves, yet they
will, as just stated, aid the society in carrying off
the free people of color.
What now, sir, are these admission and avow
als less than positive proof of that for which I
have adduced them ? You not only tell us of the
"impracticability" of "general abolition," but, in
substance, that no "useful purpose" can be answer
ed by asking for it that the "abstract condition
of liberty" could not much improvo "the physical
or moral condition of the slave." And yet, it is
your society that are about to free our 3,000,000
and then enlighted Africa 1 And "by the success
already attained, colonization is disposed to ba
tested ia ajl its objects and. professions." .Sir, I
ask no. more. You shall fcavo the benefit of this
rule. Your object is the "extinction of slavery"
at least this is your "profession.'" Tho proba
bility of your, success, ultimately, is to bo deter--mined
"by the success already attained." Your
society was formed- in 1818. "Its object was to
colonize the fr.ee. people of color residing in this
country." To say that this was done under the
auspices of the noted slaveholders, John Ran
dolph, Henry Clay and Judge Washington is not,
called for here, though true. All, the slaves freed:
since for the purpose of colonization, your report
puts at 2,500. Deduct from this, 20O,. who, prob
ably, would have been freed had the society never
existed, and you have 2,300 manumissions
against 23 years. Thus, on your own shdwing,.
100 manumissions a year is your success, which
at the same rate for the future, (the slave-population
remaining stationary,) shows that 30.000
years would be required to free the 3,000,000..
But you remind me of the rapid increase of your,
facilities for colonizing; does this increase exceed
that of the slave-population ? This time is prob
ably a truer expression of the rninds of coloniza
tionists, generally, than the 150-or 200 years
named b$ that arch demagogue, Henry- Clay..
Eut in view of either, the poor slave may well'
adopt the language of afflicted Job "Miserable
comforters are you all !" Ah, yes ! miserable,,
indeed ! Poor wretched slave ! They brutify
you, soul and body, generation after generation,,
by the most cruel bondage and then mock your
wish for freedom by your "unfitness to enjoy it !"
" The abstract condition of liberty" would do yout
"but little good!" .
But, sir, to return to the point : When do you
say this time will come? When wo can pay the
slaveholders the $1200,000,000? You have
no authority to presume that even if that sum was
forthcoming the time for "general abolition" had
arrived. I know your report says, that master
" are ready to yield their property in man when it
can be done without an unreasonable sacrifice to
themselves." And why does it say so? Are
you warranted by any expression of your slave
holding auxiliaries ? or by any of their numerous
northern friends, in their name ? I cannot believe
it in the face of so much evidence to the contra
ray. What, sir, are states ready to yield that up
(when ihe act implies past guilt,) what is right
in itself which "constitutes the foundation of the
Republican edifice?" I admit that this is the
raving of atheists and infidels ; but does the ren
ding of Presbyteries, Synods, and General As-
temblies show this question to have a less hold
upon the affections of the "benevolent slavehol
ders themselves?" What has person, and prop
erty, and even Ufa been in the comparison with
slavery's contiuance ? With slavery's contin
vance, did I say ? rather, with the most delicate
discussion of the subject? Ask James G. Bir
ney, ask Dresser, ask Lovejoy ! yes, ask Love
joy. Sir : Were I in your place I would hesitate
before affirming the readiness of slaveholders to
liberate thuir slaves at least 1 would, when facts
in the case are known as they are amongst us.
But, sir, perhaps your report, like General Jack
son's slanders of abolitionists, was not intended
for home eyes. Be that as it may, the sentiment
that "many of the slave-states are ready to yield
their property in man" is flatly contradicted by
every day's occurrence.
Why, sir, what slaveholder has it not in' his
power to free his slaves ? Does he do it ? Does
he give your society his "blessings'' and his mon
ey that you may do it? No, sir, the very men
tion of the thing would ailenate him ,from yoi
forever. Hence, whatever your motive be in
carrying off free blacks, it is plain that his is not
the ultimate freedom of his slaves. Do you ask
me what it is ? That the example of the free black
may be removed from before the eye cf the bound
black. This is it. Look at it it Maryland. She
voted your society 8200,000 to use in carrying
off her free blacks. Do you think she wished
them with her when, by her laws, it is hardlabor in
her state-prison for twenty years to any free Hack
who will be found reading a book favorable to his
bond-brother i Georgia, instead of voting your
society the funds for carrying off her most dan
gerous free blacks, as Maryland has done, has got
rid of them by the more expeditious and summa
ry method of making it perpetual slavery for
those of them, who may be found in the state af
ter a given number of months.
Allow me one word more, sir, and I close.
That the abolition of slavery is not the object of
your society, is now'plain. Yet it is as much so
now as it ever can be. It was not founded, we
have seen, for that purpose. , In what light then
are we to view some sentences in your report?
What but disgusting trifling is it to talk about
not being "satisfied with freeing 3,000,000 of
slaves," Arc. It shows how heartessly men can
swagger over subjects the most solemn nnd mo
mentous. They go to elevate Africa! O yes!
see Clay, Van Buren and the Vermont Chronicle,
headed by President Paine and his knot of Di- .
rectors, scudding off lo Guinaa for the exalting of
Tbii ii recent la. Tho first tranaereor wj ien-
tenced lo the minimum time, which it TinVtAm; bat
the aentencing Judge declared that every one guilty after
Would be aeutenced for the maximum lime, which ia twik
TV YCAe. . -

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