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T il 13 V O I C 13 O F F lt E 13 J3 O M .
Extracts from Jny's "View of the Action of the Federal fcovprnmeiit in Uehalf of Slavery." . Second EJitiun. ORIGIN OF TUB FLORIDA WAH. It will be recollected, that in 1S1G, the slave holders complained that their fugitive slaves found refuge in Florida, then belonging to the crown of Spjin : and that, regardless ct the oblitrmions neutrality, a naval force had been sent by the Gov ernment up the river Apalachicola, to destroy a fort containing about DDI) negroes, most of whom were slaughtered. Ihis territory was afterward ceded to the United btates; and lor several years past the Government has been waging a relentless and most disastrous war against its aboriginal inhabit ants, with the avowed design of driving them from the Peninsula. It is not our design to write the history of this war, but merely to expose its true origin, and to explain the motives which have led the whiles to insist on the expulsion of the Seminoles, and the causes which have induced the latter to offer assistance unparalelled in sav age wanare, lor persevering ana desperate cour age and ferociiy. The sacrifice on our part, of blood, of treasure. and of military honor in this war, is well known to be prodigious. Thirty millions of dollars Lave already, it is said, been expended our best gener als have been baliieu, and their laurels withered and our troops have perished in great numbers, in contests with their savage foe, and by the sick ness of the climate. And yet no rational cause is assigned by the Government for this disastrous var. No reason is given why it is necessary, a nil hazards, and at every expense, to drive the Seminoles from Florida. The whites are few in number, have far more land than they can occupy ana certainly do not want Hie wet and unwhole some everglades possessed by the Indians, and in to which, we are told, white men can only pene trate at certain seasons of the year, without expo sing their lives to certain destruction. But were the Seminoles so numerous that it was necessary lo remove them, to make room for the whites, or so povverlul as to render it unsafe to plant white settlements in Florida ? We learn from official reports, that they numbered about 3000 ! Ma jor-General Jessup, the commanding officer of the army, and well acquainted with the existing con dition of the Territory, in a letter to the Secreta ry of War, Feb. 11, 1S3S, makes the following canuiu avowal. " We have committed the error of attempting to remove them (the Seminoles) when their lands were not required for agricultural purposes ; when they were not in the way of the white inhabit' lints, and when the greater portion of their coun' try was an unexplored wilderness, of the interior of which we were as ignorant as of the interior ol China .. . I do not consider the country south of Chick asa Hatchee worth ike medicines we shall expend in driving the Indians from it." Why, then, all tms waste ol blood and treasure i We answer TO PREVENT FUGITIVE SLAVES FROM FINDING-AN ASY' LUM AMONG THE INDIANS ! We well know how unwillingly this truai will be received by those among us who contend that the North has nothing: to do with slavery; butwc appeal to facts and to facts about which there is and can be no dispute. Florida borders upon two slave States, Alaba ma and Georgia, and is not far distant from two other?, Mississippi and Louisiana. It is not, there fore, surprising that slaves from these States, es caping from their masters, should seek refuge in the huts of the Seminoles. We have already seen that the Federal Government have lately awarded upwards of $5000 to the gallant officers and sea men who destroyed 300 fugitive slaves in Flori da, in 1S16. The terrible example then made, was not, it seems effectual ; for in 1S25, the War Department issued an order on the subject of fu gitive slaves among the Seminoles, and the Indian Ajent at Tallahassee was directed to take meas ures to enable the claimants to identify their prop erty for its immediate restoration. " Let the Chiefs distinctly understand," wrote the Agent, a greeably to his instruction, "that they are not to harbor runaway negroes ; and that they will be re quired to give such negroes as are now residing within their limits." An Alabama paper, speaking of the war, makes the following confession : "It is the power to entice nwav and instruct in bush-fighting so many of our slaves, that we would wish to annihilate. These Seminoles cannot remain in the Peninsula of Florida without threatening the internal safe ty of the South." In 1S34, a petition signed by about one hun dred of the inhabitants of Alachua County, Flori da, was presented to President Jackson, praying for his interposition against the Seminoies. " While the lawless and indomitable people (says the petition) continue where they now are, the owners of slaves in our territory, and even in the Slates contiguous, cannot for a moment, in any thing like security, enjoy the possession of this des cription of property. Does a negro become tired of the service of his owner, he ha3 only to flee to the Indian country, where he will find ample safe ty against pursuit. It is a fact which, if not sus ceptible of proof, is, notwithstanding, and upon good ground, firmly believed, that there is at this tinie living under the protection of the Seminole Indians, a large number, probably more than one hundred slaves, who have absconded from their masters in the neighboring States and in Florida, since the treaty of Camp Moultrie. Within a few weeks several parties are known to have sought and found shelter in the nation where t'.ey con tinue secure against exery effort of their owners to recover them. . There are, as it is beleived, more than five hun dred negroes residing with the Seminole Indians, four-fifths of whom are runaways, or descendants of runaways It is perfect ly obvious that during the existence of such a state of things, the interests of this fertile and promis ing section of Florida cannot flourish : and we are constrained to report that there is no rational pros pect for the better so long as the Indians are suf fered to remain in their present location." The petition concludes with recommending " the immediate and efficient action of the Gov ernment." In the spring of 1S39, a sort of armistice was concluded with the Seminoles. This gave vast offence to the slaveholders, and at n public meet ing held at Tallahassee, it was resolved, "That the peninsula of Florida is the last place in the limits of the United States wherein the Indians j should be permitted to remain." For this as sertion, thefollowing among other reasons was as-tigted. " If located in Florida, all the runaicay slaves will find refuge and protection with them." The New Orleans Courier of the 27th July, 1839, in reference lo this same subject remarks, ' Every year's delay in subduing the Seminoles. adds to the risk of their being joined by runaway slates from the adjacent Stales, and increases the danger of a rising among the serviles." Slavery, then, is the key which unlocks the enigmas of the Florida war. To break up a ref uge for runa vay slaves, thirty millions have al ready been expended: and if necessary thirtv millions more will be expended for the same ob ject. But it may be said, however satisfactorily the foregoing facts may account for the conduct of the federal Uovernment, they do not explain the as tonishing and peculiar inveteracy manifested by these Seminoles towards the whites. Other tribes have without difficulty been removed to the west of the Mississippi ; why then do these Indians a lone offer n resistance to a superior power, deter mined and more heroic than perhaps any recor- ueu in nisiory f Again does slavery solve the difficulty. It is very obvious that the Seminoles have been universally exasperated. Their extreme hatred to the whites, has unquestionably been owing in part to the gross and wicked frauds which they believe iw.tnioo mucn apparent reason; were practiced in the treaty of Payne's Landing, under which they were required to remove from Florida. But the great and prevailing cause of their deep-seated hos tility, is to be sougnt lor in a long train ol Irauds and injuries of which they have been the victims. on account of their slaves ; and likewise in the dread of Christian slavery, entertained bv the negroes who belong to, or have joined the Semin oles. Of all the hostile chiefs, the most active, perse vering snd daring, was the celebrated Oseola. It is said that this man's mother was seized and car ried into Georgia as a slave, under pretence that she was the daughter of a fugitive ncgress. If this story, which has found its way into the pub lic papers, be true, the wrongs of the mother have been terribly avenged by the son. lhat the reader may understand the narratives we are about to lay before him, he must bear in mind that the Seminoles, like their more civilized neighbors, are slaveholders but, unlike them, thev exercise their authority in such a manner as to ren der their slaves unwilling to leave them. The ives are in lact little more than tenants of kind ind familiar landlords, and regard with horror the very idea of being transferred from their hea then to Christian masters. But there were many of the whites, who were exceedingly anxious to make the transfer. The agent, YVily Thompson, thus wrote to the Secretary of War : (Oct. L'7, lad-l.) " lhere are many very likely nejrroes in this nation. Some of the whites in the adjacent settlements manifest a restless desire to obtain them and I have no doubt that Indian-raised nerrroes are now in possession of the whites." 1 he volume of documents submitted to Congress 3d June, 1S36, and entitled "Seminole hostilities," from which we nuote, contains many illustrations of the agent's assertion ; we can spare room for only a portion of them. It appears that Conchattunico, a Florida chief, was the possessor of a number of slaves, the title to whom was disputed by another Indian, who sold his claim to a white man. The means taken by the publisher to obtain the slaves, are thus descri bed by the Agent in his letter to the War Depart ment, Jan. 20, 1S3-1. "1 was informed by the sub-ngent, that Con- chattimico sent a runner for him not long since ; that he immediately repaired to 'he old chief's town, where he nrrived in the night, and found the Indians and negroes greatly excited and in arms; ind that verv soon thereafter Vacca 1 echasse, with fifteen or more of his warriors in arms arrived, for the purpose of aiding in resistance of a threatened violent attempt to force the slaves out of Concha. -timico's possession. Persons interested in the nd verse claim, were frequently seen hovering about the reserve; and the chief was informed that at tempts had been made to bribe commanders of steamboats, on the river, to aid in accomplishing capture of the slaves. Under such circumstances I could not but approve the order given by tho sub-agent to Conchattimico, to defend his property by force should a violent attempt be made to wrest it lrom linn. Shortly after this, Judge Cameron, of the Uni ted States District Court, investigated the white man's claim to the slaves, and pronounced groundless. Notwithstanding this decision, the claim was again sold to a company of whites, who resolved to relieve the chief of his property. But as the chief intended to protect it by force of arms, the enterprise was not free from danger. I he expedient resorted to by the kidnnppers is thu explained in a letter from the late Governor ol the Territory to the Secretary of War, 23d May. ' I herewith transmit you a petition from the In dian chief Conchattimico, to be laid before Con gress should you consider that necessary. Tu- king forcibly the slaves ol this chief, alter those men had created on alarm amonc- the white in habitants which resulted in disarming the Indians, was an outrage well calculated to rouse them to hostility. The alarm was concertedby these vio ators of all law, solely with the view of obtaining without danger of resistance, the slaves ol the chief. have no expectation the slaves referred to in the petition will ever be obtained, as I take it fcr granted they have been carried to a great distance and sold." This Conchattimico was a friendly chief, hav oc no intercourse with the hostile Seminoles; but on the report being raised that he was about to join the enemy, he surrendered his arms to quiet the apprehensions, real or affected, of his white neighbors. JNo sooner had h'j thus rendered him self defenceless, than a party of Georgians carried off his slaves twenty in numher, and valued at $15,000. We have already seen how profitable it is for a Georgian to loose a slave among the Indians ; but Congress has provided no fund to indemnify the ndian master lor the slaves ol which he may be robbed by the Georgians. Another friendly Florida chief, Pechassie, thus complains to the agent, (2Sth July 1S35,) "I am induced to write to you in consequence of 1 lie de predations making, and attempted to be made on my faim. by a company of men, negro-stealers ; some of whom are from Columbus, (Georgia) and have connected themselves with Brown and Doug las. It is reported, nnd believed by all white people around here, that a large number of them will very shortly come down here, and attempt to lake off Billy, Jim, Rose and her family, nnd oth ers (slaves.) . . . I should like to have you atK ise how I should act. I dislike to make any trouble, or have any difficulty with the white peo ple ; but if they trespass on mv premises, and on mv rights, I mu.n defend myself the best way I can. ..... Please direct me how to net in ihis matter. Douglas nnd his company hired n man, uho has tiro large trained clogs for the pur pose, to come down and take Billy. The man came, but seeing l;e could do nothing alone, lias gone oil somewhere, prohahly to recruit. lie is from Mo bile, and follows for a livelihood catching runaway negroes with these large dogs." By a letter from the United States Attorney, we find that Pechassie was subsequently "robbed of nil the negroes he had, some six in number." As these robberies were committed on friendly chiefs, and after the commencement of the Semi nole war, they excited the attention and alarm of the officers of Government, and hence probably it is that official notice was taken of them. They may give us some idea of the provocation which preceded and caused the war. Indeed the docu ments before us incidentally show, lhat the "likely negroes" of the Seminoles now in arms," were as strongly coveted .by the whites, as the slaves of the friendly chiefs. By a treaty made with the Seminoles in 1S32, the Federal Govenment with its usual solicitude for the interests of slaveholders, assumed the payment of all claims on the Indians lor " Slavics and other property to the amount o 7,000. A scramble of course ensued for the mon ey, & a voluminous correspondence took place be tween the Agent and Secretary ot War, respec ting claims for Indian slaves ; & it appears that the Seminoles had been harrassed for years by the contrivances ol the whiles to rob them of their slaves. The following is a sample. It seems thai a Mrs. Ilanna claimed a negro woman and her increase, in possession of the Seminoles. The claim had been made known to the war department, and so long ago as the Sth March, 1S2S, the following mandate had been issued to the Indian agent. " The Secretary of War directs that you forthwith deliver to Mary Ilanna, widow, or her agent, the slaves claimed by her, and take a bond imposing the obligation on her to abide by such decision as it may be esteemed proper to seek, in testing the righr of ownership in the property in question." VV e have here a specimen of the justice meted by our government to the Indians. A woman claims a slave in the possession of an Indian. Without the slightest inquiry into the justice of the claim, the property is ordered to be wrested forthwith from the possessor and delivered to the claimant', and then as il m utter mockery, the wo man is to ffive her bond to abide any decision lhat may hereafter be made as to the legality of her claim. Who is to obtain this decision ? Certain ly not the woman, and should the poor ignorant Indian go to law, where would he look for Mrs. Ilanna and her slaves ? From some cause not xplained, the wicked and absurd order of the Secretary was not executed ; and on the 2d March, 1S35, seven years after, a second order from the Secretary ol War directed the agent " to n fiord whatever facilities may be in his power, upon the claim being established by proper proof before the competent tribunal, to have the property restored to Mrs. Ilanna. Should the reader be struck with the remarkable moral difference between these two orders, the explanation is easy the office was filled nt the time of the first order by a sluvsholder; at the time of the second, by a north ern gentleman. The agent now investigated ihe case, and it was discovered that the faiher of Mrs. Hannn, about the year 1S1-5, had sold the wo man in question, then full grown, to a Seminole, for forty steers, and had afterwards, as was alleged given the same woman to his daughter : and on this pretended gift Mrs. Ilanna claimed, noi merely the woman, who had now lived twenty five years with the Indians, but also all the chil dren she had bouie with i h that lime! On the 12th of December, 1S3-1, the agent wrote to the Secretary, that a Seminole woman of the name of Nelly, inherited from her father "a con siderable number of slaves," that n man named Floyd claims the whole of them by virine of a bill of sale, and that Nelly insists that " Floyd im posed upon her by presenting for signature a bill of sale for all her negroes, instend of a written au thority to him to recover some from her.'' The acrcnt add?, he has seen one who pretends that Floyd paid her for the negroes, and that the uni versal impression is that she Was grossly imposed upon. If civilized and Christian slaveholders are ready to murder, or, to use Jlr. rreston s phrase, to HxVNG abolitionists for questioning their moral right to hold property in man; we may judge what must have been the exasperation of the Seminoles at these multiplied attempts to rob them of their slaves. There is still another mode in which slavery has operated to produce and continue the war in Florida. Although the expulsion of the Semin oles from the peninsula was devoutly desired by the whites, no inclination was felt to send their " likely negroes" to the the west of the Mississippi. Of these negroes some were stolen, others claimed under fraudulent pretexts, and others it was pro posed to purchase of their masters. General K. K. Cal addressed a letter to President Jackson, (22d March, 1S35,) asking leave " to purchase one hundred and fifty" of the Seminole negroes. " These negroes," he affirms, " are" violently op posed to leaving the country. If the Indians are permitted to convert them into sr-cciE, one great obstacle in the way of removal may be overcome." The applicant was informed that no permission was necessary there being no legal prohibition to the Indians selling their slaves. Agents were forthwith despatched to the nation, to buy up negroes. Mr. W, Thompson, the agent, howev er, assumed the responsibility of prohibiting these agents faom commencing their negotiations; and assigned his reasons in a very able letter to the Secretary of War (27 lb. April, 1S35.) The in tercourse law," he remarked. " prohibited the pur chase of an Indian pony by a member of civilized society, without permission from the agent, nnd why ? but because the Indian is considered in a state of pupilage, and incapable of protecting him self against the arts and wiles of civilized man. If the Indian's interest in a pony is of so much importance in the estimation of the government. as to require such strict guards to be thrown a- round it, the protection ol his interest in Ins slave should be esteemed more important, by as much as the latter is more valuable than the for mer species of property. If in the regulation of! ponies the United States exercise a rightful pow er, the obligation on them to guard the interests of the Indian in his slave, is more imposing. The negroes in the nation dread the idea of being transferred from their present state of ease and comparative liberty, m bondage and hard labor, on sugar and cotton plantations. "They have always had a Lvent influence over the Indians. They live in villages separate, and in many instances remote from their owners, and enjoy equal liberty with their owners, with the single exception that the slave Mipplio his own er annually from the product of his little field, vviili corn in proportion 10 inc amount oi the crop in no instance that has come so my knowledge, ex ceeding ten bushels; the residue is considered the property of the slave. Many of these slaves have stocks of horses, cows and hogs, with which the Indian owners never assume a right to inter meddle. I am thus particular on this point, that yo'." may understand the true cause of the abhor rence ol the negroes of every idea of change. Ann the indulgence so extended to the slave, will cna able you to credit the assertion, lhat an Indian would almost an soon sell 7iis child as his slave, ex cept when under the influence ol intoxicating liquors." We nave here a picture ol certainly a very ex traordinary system of slavery. Slaves abhorring- a change, and masters no more thinking of sel ling a slave than a child ! But then these Indians were heathen, and perhaps it was from not adver ting to the fact, that General Call took for grant ed they would be glad to convert men, women, and children into specie. President Jackson was equally inconsiderate. The agent was answered, "The President is of opinion, that the opportuni ty to sell their slaves will ba an inducement for the Seminoles lo remove. . . . Nor is it con sidered that the permisssion to the Indians to sell, would be. an inhuman act. It is not to be presumed the condition of these slaves would he worse than that of others in the same section of the country." lo this presumption of executive philanthropy the agent forcibly replied, (June 17th, 1535,) "The remarks in your letter that "it is not to be presumed the condition of these slaves would be worse than that of others in the same section of country, is true: yet you will agree with me, that the same remark is applicable to myself, or aay other individual in theUnited States, as we should, if subjected to sla'very, be in the precise condition of our fellow slaves. . . . Any one at all ac quainted with the condition of the negro, as con nected with his Indian owner here, could not fail to admit that the change with him would be op pressively great." Mr. Thompson farther remar ked lo the Secretary of ar, "II the department could be satisfied that the undeniable abhorrence of the negroes in this nation to the idea of being transferred from the present state of ease and com parative freedom, to sugar and conlton plantations, under the control of severe task-masters, had been made lo subserve the views of government by in ducing the negroes to exert their known influ ence over the Indians, through pledges made lo them, accompanied by assurances that their remo val west would, more than any thing else, serve to secure the existing relations between them and the Indians, then surely the department, instead of classing ihem with the Indian skins nnd furs, would require a punctillious redemption of those pledges. 1 have not heard of a solitary Indian desiring the privilege to sell." The President at last yielded, and the agent was authorized to prohibit any person entering the nation to buy slaves. But it was loo late the negroes well L ew how anxious the whites were to possess them and ihey reasonably feared that if Hie iudians were expelled, instead of being permitted to accompany their kind masters, they would l e consigned to the cruel and detested ser vice of Georgia and Alabama planters. Hence, impelled by the most powerful motives which can stimulate the heart and nerve the arm of man, they resisted to the utmost the emigration of their masters, and in the deadly struggle that ensued, evinced their devotion to the Indians, and success ful courage which may well send a thrill of fear ful anticipation throughout the slave region. We now submit to our readers whether the facts we have exhibited do not prove beyond ail doubt lhat the blood and treasure expended in the Flori da war, have been expended for the sole purpose of breaking vp a refuge, for fugilice slaves ; and thntrme Seminoles have been goaded into their extraordinary and desperate resistance, hi the. frauds and robberies of slaveholders ? PROSPECTUS OF A NEW PERIODICAL l'LjiOM'NATED THE OR MORAL EXPUEGA i OR, AND SCIEN TIFIC AND LITERARY EXPOSITOR. ST ia in contemplation to commence Hie issue of a sem monthly Periodical, upon (lie first of January, 1840r willi tlio foregoing unique cognomon, and whicli is design ed to bo entirely original, and lo be presented to its patrons' in (lie slate of a well executed royal octavo of sixteen double-column piis s, nnioiinling, in the year, to nearly one thoiisaud of thoe ordinarily prcsemed in the book form; constituting n volume which, it is intended, shall be as useful as ample, and which is oiTered lo subscribers, a the uncompcnsalory price of two dollars a year, payable however, unexceptionably in advance. The object of the present enterprise is Mi lo create r subslilule for those more elaborate, volumiuons and supe rior Periodicals, with which persons who are able may be abundantly supplied from abroad; but to alford a cheap and convenient vehicle for recording and circulating the . readable lucubrations of our sectional Literati; and which, we hope, will be, the more abundantly elicited in tliechai actcr of manuscript contributions, by the proffered opfor unity for promulgation. The character of the work is designed to be neither tL ec ological, political, sectarian nor partial; and, therefore, open to universal, chasie discussion and recuperative irony Its columns are intended tobe, mostly, appropriated to the investigation of physical and intellectual humanity; to the contemplation of man as a moral and social being, whelm ed in responsibilities, ignorance and delinquency, with their, inevitably, disastrous consequences; to expose and reform the ignorance, error and viccB of society, by reflec ting, convincingly, upon each, ils deformity, hazards nnd eatastrophips, and lo scourge or ridicule, both, fashionable anil unfashionable licentiousness and folley, out of credit with their votaries, and nut of humor wilh themselves: Iir fine, it is intended as an oracle, through which, (ruth may be fearlessly tillered; and in whose responses, Virtue sltaH find ample encouragement to emulation, while Vice shall see Mene Tel,el written on every wall of its habitation. These arc tlmself-evidently, laudable objectp, for thecal--tainment of whicli our conlemp'alcd periodica! is lo be in-- stituted ; and for whoso encouragement, we would, confi dently, yet courteously, present our claim (o public pat.jon agc; not, however, without the provision of its being cheer fully relinquished, whenever the value of the work ifcalL havo tailed to jnstifv ils continuance. Monlpclicr, Oct.'lS3!. Bv the nrovisional Editorial Committe- EMERY A. ALLEN, ook, Jot Ij'a, .2WW f WAVING procured from Biiston new and elegan' founts A of the mos.t FASHIONABLE TVPE, is prepared, to prosecute the above business, in all ils branches : ;ind has no hesitation in saying that all work entrusted to h'im will be executed in a style not inferior to that of a v oth er establishment in Vermont. ICJ ('dice, one door east from the Post-Oflice sti's! "J? y 3TERINOS, cheaper than ever, mav be found at lV.al J EWETT, I IOWES & C( ' .?. Sept. 27. 39:1 Jwis HAT, CAP AND FITII STOiRR J. STATE St., MONTPELIER, Vt. E. BADGER & SON, have this day receiv ed into J partnership Mr. DAVID PARTRIDGE: r md tha business, at the old stand, will in future be conclude. under the firm of BADGER & PARTRIDGE, who have on hand, and will constantly keep for sal t Hats Caps, Furs, Suspenders, Gloves, Hosiery, &c. Tliey wuld return their thanks to the citizens of Monlpel tec and" vicinity for the liberal patronage heretofore extendet" I to thist establishment, and solicit a continuance of the sam c. N. B. Merchants supplied with Hats, of all V inds, at citv prices. All persons indebted to the late firm of J. E, & Son, are requested to call and settle, and m ments. Montpelier, Oct. 7, 1839. Badger le pay- 40:tf Mr. Thompson was not an abolitionist, but had lately been a representative in Congress from the Slate of Geor- NATURE'S GRAND RATIV A portion of (hem were claimed by another Indian. I THIS VALUABLE VEGETABLE MEDI CINE STANDS UNRIVALLED FOR THE FOLLOWING COMPLAINTS VIZ: I,ISPEPSIA or Indigestion, Diseased Liver, Bilious w Disorders, Dropsy, Asthma, Costiveness, Worms and loss of appetite, and by cleansing the stomach and bowels, cures pains in the side, stomach and breast, Colds and Coughs of long standing, Hoarseness, shortness of breath, Nervous complaints &c, which are frequently the effect of. disease. For Fever and Ague it is a most val uable preventative as wall as a sovereign remedy. Ils virtues surpass any thing heretofore known in removing St. Vitus' Dance, two bottles have hesn known to cure j this afflicting disease, after having baffled every exertion : lor lour years, it lias a mom puwcnui uiuuciice in reiuu- ving nervous complaints. It is pleasant to take, and so easy in its operation, that it may be administered to the infant with safety. The above medicine is highly recommended bv the Rev. E. J. Scott, of Barre ; J. Buck, Attorney at Law, North field; S. Hicks and L. Beck ley, Hardwick; Rev. Charles D. Cahoon, Lyndon; Rev. E. Jordon. Bollows Falls; Doct. Cyrus Butterfield, Brattlebnro; and G. Horn, Rochester, Vt.; and II ev. Geo. .Vtorrs, Portsmouth, N. II.; and Har riet G. Raymond N. Y.: aud many others who have been cured by thisvMedicina. It may be had wholesale or re tail of S. Britain, Barre; and J. C. Farnam.Wiliiamslown, sole proprietors; and E. II. Prentiss Montpolior, and it may be had in most of the principle towns in the state. 40: Cm Attention Artillery Companies i ! R. R. RIKER, X (Slate srect, opposite the Ban' ,) AS this day received from NEW-YORK, Scarlet Broad Cloth, for Military Companies' Unifor ns, Ar tillery Buttons, Yellow Wings for Saigeants, Re i Cock feathers, Red Pompoms, Red 12 inch Vulture ?lumes Yellow Lace, Yellow F.pauletts, Red Sashes &c. Jot sale cheap for cash. SO doz. Infantry Hal Plates, While CocV feathers, White Wings for SargcaniF, 12 inch White Vulture 1 umes Swords and Belts, Flat Eagle Buttons, Laces, Ep ulettpr &c. for sale cheap for cash. Montpelier, June 10, 1830 ; t4:tf MILITARY GOODS. TUST received from New York, by It. R. HI KERr 9S Slale street, opposite the Bank, a large assortm nt of MILITARY GOODS, suitable for the present regu Jatibn. of tha Militia of this Slate. Torms Cath. b:iieos. A FEW pieces of choice Bonnet Ribbons may be 1 4und? at JEWETT, IIOWE9 it CO..TB Sept. 27. 39:8v ris THE VOICE OF FREEDOM Is published every Saturday morning, at $2 a year, pay able in advance. If payment be delayed till the eirl of.' (he year, Fifty Cents will be added. Advertisements inserted at the usual rales. Subscriptions, and all letters relating to business, shctild. be addressed to the Publisher : letters relating to. the di torial department, to the Editor. Communications intend ed for publication should bo signed by the proper name of the writer. CJf foilage must ue paw. in au eases. Agents of the YVmont Anti-Slavery Society, and offieern. of local anti-slavery societies throughout the state, are au. thorized to act as agents for this paper. IrU3 Office, one door West from the Post-Oflice, SlaU si CUTLER & JOHNSON, SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK State Street, (Opposite the Bank $ Mont ilieb, Vt lirandon, Dr Hale. Jamaica, L Merrifield, Esq. Hubbardton, W C Denison. Norwich, Sylvester Morris. Hartford, Geo. Udall, Esq. Tunbrhlge, Hervey Tracy. Strafford, W Sanborn, Esq. ISamet, L f 1'arks, Esq. Morristown,Uev S Robinson Morrisville, L P Poland, Esq Cornwall, B F Haskell. , Craflnbury, W J Hastings. Westford, R Farnsworth. Ksncx, Dr J W Emerv. Uunderhill, Rev E B Baxter. Barnard, Bey T Gordon. East Barnard, W Leonard. TValden, Parley Foster. Starksboro', Joel Battcy. St. Albans, E L Jones, Esq. Rutland, KR Thrall, Esq. Royalton, Bola Hall, C C Carter. Danville, M Carpenter. Clover, Dr Bates. St. Johnsbury, Rey J Morse. Middlebury, M D Gordon. Cambriilge, Martin Wires. Bristl, Joseph Otis. Hiuetburgh, Mr.Allen. Berk$Mre, Ret. JhonGleed AGENTS. Dirby, Dr Richmond. Perkinsville, W M Guilftri. Brookfield, D Kingsbury Esc Randolph, C Carpenter, Esq! East Bethel, E Fowler, Esq. Watcrbury, L IIutchins.Esq E S Ncwcomb. Waitsfield, Col Skinner. Morelown, Moses SpoAoraT Warren, FA Wrig'it, Esq.. Waierford, R C Benton.Es East Roxbury, S Rugglei. Fcrrisburgh, R T Robinson-. Vtrgennes, 3 E Roberts. Wesifield, O Winslow, Esq.. Corinth, Insley Dow. Williams town, J C Farnnm. . Chester, J Stedman, Esq. . Springfield, Noah Safford. tYanklin, Geo S Gale. Waterville, Moses Fisk, Esq, IJydepark, Jotham Wilson.. Elmore, Abol Camp, Hmesbvrgh, W Dean. Builinetan, G A Allen. Montgomery, J Martin. Lincoln, Benj Tabor. Calais, Her. tieni rage. Sudbury, WA Williamt, Pomfret, Nation Snow. Johnton, Elder Uyington..