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1st. That they have taken up arms hi defence of
their rights and liberties. 21. 1 hut Texas is no longer morally bound by the compact cif union. 3d. That they do not acknowledge that the pres ent authorities of the present nominal Mexican re public, have the right to govern within the limits ol Texas." This was considered an absolute separation from Mexico, and on the 2d of March, 183G, delegates of the people from nil the districts, declared Texas a " free, sovereign, and in dependent State." Under the constitution of 1821, New Mexico, Tamiiulipus, Couhuilu, and Texas were States of the Mcx'cun re public ; each having its fixed and well-defined boundary the Nueces being the southeastern boundary of Texas. But Texas, as I have said, not having a sufficient population for a separate State, was provisionally united with Coaliuila, and called the Slate of Coahiiila and Texas. After the abolition of the Stale Governments Texas acted for herself, as a separate power. She had no connection with Coaliuila or the other Mexican States. She declared that the authorities of the nominal Mexican repuhHr. had no riiht to aovern within the limits of Texas. What, Mr. President, at that time were the limits of Texas ? Mrs. Mary Austin Holley, in her History of Texas, published in ISM, says : "Texas is situated between 27 (leg. 30 min. and 80 dep. '.O mill, north latitude, and i)H dep. 30 min. and UU ileR. lib min. west longitude. Its boundaries arc, the Red river, separating it. from Arkansas, on the norths tho Gulf of Mexico on the south ; the S.ibiue river and Louisiana, nn the east; nnd the river Nueces, separating it from Tamaulipas and Coaliuila, on tho w est. Mr. Murray in bis Encyclopedia of Geo graphy, published in 183S, gives the Nueces an the western boundary of Texas. Mr. Morlit, an agent sent by General Jackson to Texas, in t83G, to ascertain its political, mili tary, and civil condition, says, in his report, that " The political limits of Texas proper, previous to the last revolution, were the Nueces river on the vest ; along the Red river on the north ; the Sabine on the east ; nnd the Gnlf of Mexico on the south." Mr. Morfit, in speaking of the Texan Gov ernment formed by convention, further says: " This convention took place by writs of election issued by the provisional government, mid it is said that all parts of Texas were represented in if, from the extreme western settlement at San Patricio, on the Nueces, to the Sabine and lied rivers." The "extreme western settlement of Tex as was at San Patricio on the Nueces." Now, sir, by what nuthoritv did Texas, at the time she became one of tlie States of this Union, claim the Rio Grande as her western bound ary ? Had she conquered the Mexican States of" Coaliuila, Tamaulipas, and New Mexico, and subjected them to her jurisdiction and laws? No, sir, she had done no such thing. Her extreme western settlement was San Patricio, on the right bank of the Nueces. Mexico, as T will show from our own docu ments, was, at the time of annexation, in the quiet and peaceful possession of the left bank of the Rio Grandi!, claiming it as a part of her republic. Mr. Donelson, our Charge d' Affaire in Texas, in his letter to our Sec retary of State, Mr. Buchanan, under date of June 23, 1845, says: "It is the policy of thoe who nro cn tho side of Mexico in the present crisis, to throw upon the Uni ted States the responsibility nf a war fur the country between the Nueces and the lt o Unmdo. Thctern torv, you are an nro, has been in the possession of li'i'h parti'-. Texas bus held in pence Corpus Clirisfi. Mexico has held Santiago, lloth parties have had Decisional possession of Lorcdo, and other higher points." All that Texas held in peace west of tho Nueces was Corpus Christi. On the 2Ctli of June, 1845, Mr. Donelson, in a despatch to General Taylor, says: " Corpus Christi is said to be as healthy as Pen sacola a convenient place for supplies, and is the most western point now occupied by Texas." Again, in the same despatch, ho says : " Texas holds Corpus Christ , Mexico holds San tiago, near the mouth of tho Rio G.au.le." Again, sir; on the Cih of July, 1845, Mr. Donelson, in another letter to K: Buchanan, says : " You nro already advied of my letter to General Taylor, of the :2Stli ultimo, in which 1 leave the question nf marching to the Kio Grande to be deci ded by developments yet to be made. If Mexico passes that stream, menacing Texas, or otherwise threatening to dis'urb the territory of Texas, as it stood when our joint resolution passed, our right to repel her commences, and wo may force her to re tire west of the Rio Grande." Crossing the river without menacing Tex as, or threatening to invade her terriio y, would be no cause of complaint. Pray, sir, if Texas extended to the left bank of the Rio Grande, would not passing that river be tin invasion of her territory' Most certainly it would. But no force was to be used unless she attempted to go further, threatening to dis'urb the territory of Tex; s. But to proceed. Mr Donelson, on the 11 th of July, 1845, in a despatch to Mr. Bu chanan, says : "The proclamation of a truce between the two nations, founded on pr positions equally ncccp'oble to them, leaving the question nf boundary not only nn open one, hut Mexico in possession of the east bank of the Rio Grande, seemed to mo inconsistent with the expectation that in defence of the claim of Texas our troops should inarch immediately to that river." Here, sir, is the express declaration of our Charge d'Affaiies in Texas, that Mexico was in the actual possession of the left bank of tho Rio Granite, and that Texas had never been able to hold the country by the force of her arms. Mr. D melsoti proceeds to argue the question as follows: "The grounds on which the claim (to the Rio C ramie) would appear to me defensible, after the admission of Tex ts in'o the Union, if there bo no declaration of war or invasion by Mexico, may bo generally stated as follows: " 1st. The revolutionary right to tho people of Texas to resist oppression and enforce sued a politi cal orgmiziitio i as they deem necessary to the en joyment of their happiness. The destruction of the 'Constitution nf 1b.'l, and the despotism which fol lowed it, furnished the most ample grounds for ro sisttmce. "2J. Tho acknowledgment of Sintn Anna, hy whose concessions, in IKiO, his army was allowed to return to Mexico, and curry with thein valuble arms and munitions, and by which Texas was prevented from following up the advantages of victory, among which was the opportunity of establishing herself on the Rio Grande. "3d. The certainty of Texas, if not now, nt least in a short period, to establish by force her claim to this boundary. This capacity is liiirlv inferable from tho offer of Mexico to recognise her indepen dence, nnd was admitted by the British and French Governments when they become tlie medium of the otter. But in lependciitlv of such circumstances, this capacity is self-evident to nil who have any knowledge of tho relative power and position of Mexico and Texas. If Texas, then, bv herself, with out nuv connection with the United Stages, had reached the point whore she could compel the re cognition of the claim to the liio Grande, her riht to do so ought not to be lessened by becoming u mem ber of the Americm Union, "4th The United States, nf:et annexation, in ad dition to the foreniinff grounds, will have the older one founded on the Louisiana claim. That claim went s far n the Rio Grande, is now much more npparent than it was in 1819, when the Sabino was fiad iu tha wmtorn limit of the conccsnions to ti, especially if it bo true, as is alleged, that the iehnb itants of" Texas at that time, protested agullist t lie right of tho United States to deprive thein of the benefits secured to thein in the treaty with trance. Does this reasoning of our Charge d'Al faircs look as though ho believed Texas had curried her revolution to the left bunk of the Rio Grande, and subjected thirt country to her jurisdiction and laws ? No, sir fur from 'it. f there should be no declaration of war or invasion of Texas by Mexico, to fur nish us an excuse for seizing that country, wo must rest our claim to it on the ground that Texas could and would have established, by force, her claims to that boundary, if she hail no, been prevented by the agreement she made with Santa Anna, on the 12th of May, 183G, by which his army was allowed to return to Mexico, and carry with them valu able arms and munitions of war. But this is not all, Mr. President. In 1839, nearly three years a ler the passage of the act of the Texan Congress, delining her boundary to be the Rio Grande, Canutes, a Mexican chief, tittenipled, with the consent and aid of Texas, to establish the republic of the Rio Grande, to be composed of tlie Slates of Tamaulipas, Coaliuila, and Durnngo. lis independence was declared and Canities elected President. He collected nn army and encamped nt Laredo, a snuiil town of Tiimaulipas, on the east side of the Rio Grande, where he remained five or six months. In April, 1810, General Arista, at the head of a large Mexican force, attacked and defeated Ciinalos, and he retreated into Texas. In this struggle the navy and army of Texas co-operated with Canutes. Before Canutes undertook the expedition lie entered into a secret agreement with Texas, three articles of which have been published in the newspa pers of the day, as follows : " 1st. The President of the republic nf the Rio Grande (General Cannles) pledges bimselfto declare the independence of the republic of the ltio G'-andc, and to declare ami establish the State and Federal Constitution of lb-M, ns soon as he shall establish his headquarters within the limits of the territory claimed by tho said republic. "2. That tho republic of the Rio Grande shall immediately after the mid declaration of indepen deuce, recognize the independence of Texas. '3d. The republic of Texas pledges herself to aid the federalists of the Rio Grande in their strug gle for independence, directly after her indepen dence is recognized by the republic of the Rio Grande." Mr. Rusk said he had lived in Texas for fifteen yeais, and had never heard of such agreement, nnd lie asked when and where the paper was signed, its date, and who signed it? Mr. UriiAM. I cannot give tlie date of ihe agreement nor the names of the persons who signed it. I have only tlie three fiist articles as I found them in the newspapers of the day. Mr. Rusk said that no agreement was ever made with Canutes, or any body, of tlie kind alluded to. Cannles was considered there a public highway robber. lie had often at tempted to raise insurrections in Texas, as did other Mexican oflicers, but he always kept on the other side of the llio Grande. Mr. TJpiiam. The agreement makes up a part of the history of Texas, and I have nev er before heard its truth called in question. It has been the rounds of the newspapers, and it was read in the other end of the capi tol in debate last, winter in presence, I pre sume, of the members from Texas, and not, to my know ledge, denied. Mr. IUvsk said if it was a part of the histo ry of Texas, it had never teached Texas. Mr. Upiiam. If the agreement be a forge ry it ought not to prejudice the claim of Texu to territory west of the Nueces; but if it be u genuine instrument, it goes very far to show that she had abandoned all claim west of that river. But to pass on : Gen. Taylor's account of his march from Corpus Chtisli to ttie Rio Grande shows that tlie country was in pos session of Mexico. At the Arrovo Colorado he was met by a party of Irregular cavalry, (rancheros,) who informed him that crossing the river would be considered an act of hos tility; and that they had express orders to fire upon him, if tie attempted it. He, how ever, crossed the river without molestation anil proceeded on his way. When wiihin ten miles of Point Isabel he discovered a party on his right flank bearing a white flag. It turn ed out to be a deputation from the northern district of Tamaulipas, with a formal protest against his occupation of the country. When he approached Point Isabel the inhabitants set fire to their buildings and fled to Muta nioras for protection. When he readied the Rio Grande ho was summoned to withdraw his force and fall back beyond the Nueces that is, into Texas. It was Mexican, and not Texan territory that he was desired to abandon. Aiiuin, Mr. President, an officer in Gen. Taylor's army, in a letter to the New Yoik Spirit of the Times, dated camp opposite Matumorus, April lOtti, 1846, says: "Our situation hero is an ex'raordinnrv one. Ilitjd in the enemy' (imni-i, actually ounmjinq their (oVim and torn jiiUls, the people of the toil teminy their homes," o"'(. Another officer, in a letter to the Albany Atlas, dated at the camp before Mutamoras, says : " West of the Nueces the people are all Spaniards. Tho country is uninhabited excepting tlie valley of tlie Rio Grande, and that cnicaiin u pretty dense population, and m no pari of the lountry are tlie peo ple nuire loyal tnthe Mtjchan Government." The testimony of these oflicers, sir, needs no comment. It shows beyond all doubt that the country was in the quiet and peaceable possession of Mexico, when General Taylor invaded it. Mr. President, I will go further and show that the United States have regard ed and treated the left bank of the Rio Grande as Mexican territory. On the 3d of March, 1845, two days after the approval of the resolution of annexation by the President, Congress passed an act declaring "That anv important merchandize, which tins boon entered and tlie duties paid, or secured accord ing to law, for drawbacks, may bo exported to Chihuahua in Mexico, or Santa Vo in New Mexico," &c. Here, sir, is a positive law of Congress, from which ihere is no escaping, touching Sa ila Fe in New Mexico regulating com merce with her as wi'h other foreign nations, and grilling tho principle of drawback. Santa Fo, it should lie remembered, is on the east bank of tlie Rio Grande. But this, sir, is not the only instance in which the United States have treated tho left bunk of the Rio Grande as Mexican territory. Our military ch'el's, under instruction from the President of the United States, have established a ter ritorial government over tho Santa Fe coun try, thereby recognizing it as Mexican terri tory. No Senator, I presume, will contend that a territorial government can be estab lished within the jurisdiction of one of the sovereign States of this Union. Now, Mr. President, how ana tbeso fact mt and an. swored by Senators on tho other side of the chamber V The honorable Senator from Illi nois, (Mr. Douglass,) made an able speech the other day to prove the light of Texas to the right bank of the llio Grande; but, in my judgment, he failed to establish the fact. Ho contended that Texas never rebelled against the constituted authorities of Mexico; but that a few military leaders, with Santa Anna at their head, conspired and rebelled against the republic of Mexico seized the reins of Government abolished tlie federal constitution and State Governments, and es tablished a military despotism in their stead; that Santa Anna reduced to submission all that portion of the republic of Mexico which ties to the south and west of the Rio Grande; that tlie people on this side of the Rio Grande took up arms and confined the power of the revolutionary Government to the right bunk of that river. Now, sir, suppose all this to be true. How docs it prove the right of Texas to the State of Tamaulipas, or any other Mexican State1 on this side of ihe Rio Grande ? If the revo lution was confined to the right bank of the Rio Grande, the Mexican States on this side of the river retained their separate existence and original boundaries. But, Mr. President, Santa Anna, it is said, while a prisoner ofv war in Texas, made a treaty with that Gov ernment establishing the Rio Grande, from its mouth to its source, as the southwestern boundary of Texas. Santa Anna made no treaty with Texas while a prisoner of war, or at any other time. On the 12th day of May, 183G, while a pris oner of war in Texas, he entered into arti cle of agreement with Texas, by which he bound himself to use his influence with his Government to procure a treaty acknowl edging the independence of Texas and estab lishing the Rio Grande ns her southwestern boundary. His Government, however, repu diated the agreement and refused to make any terms whatever with Texas. In December, after this agreement, the Texan Congress passed an act declaring tlie Rio Grande, from its mouth to its source, to be her western boundary, and that, it is claimed, gavs her a rilit 1o the country. This act of Congress, sir, gave Texas no right whatever to one foot of territory beyond her ancient limits, that she had not conquered from Mexico and sub jected lo tier jurisdiction and laws. The question was largely discussed in ttis chamber when the treaty" of annexation was before us in 1844, Judge Woodbury, then a Senator from New Hampshire, and now one of the Judtres of the Supreme Court of the United States, in his speech in favor of the ratification of the treaty, said: " Texa, by n mere lnw, could acquire no title but what she conquered from Mexico, and actually gov erned. Hence, though her law includes more than the. ancient Texas, she could hold and convey only that, or at the uttermost, only what she exercised clear jurisdiction over." The honorable Senator from Missouri, (Mr. Benton,) in tlie course of his able speech against tlie treaty, introduced the following lesolution ; "IietoM. That the incorporation of the left bank of the Hio del Norte, (Rio Grande,) into tho Amer ican Union, bv virtue of a treaty with Texas, com prehending, n"s the said incorporation would do. n part of the Mexican departments of New Mexico, Chihuahua, Coaliuila, and Tamaulipas, would bean act of direct aggression on Mexico; for all the con sequences of which the United States would be re sponsible." The Hon. Silas Wright, then n member of Ihe Senate, but since deceased, in a speech deliveied at Watcrlown, New York, just af ter he had voted against the treaty, said : "I felt it mv duty to vote ngaint the ratification of the treatv for the'anncxatioii of Texas 1 believ ed that the" treaty, fn m the boundaries that must be implied from it, embraced a country to which 1 exas had no claim, over w Inch she had never as serted jurisdiction, and which she had no right to cede." r The claim of Texas to tlie left bank of tlie Rio Graidc derived i.o stienglh whatever from her act of Congress. If she had no title before, she had none afterwaids. ''I wash my hands," said Col. Benton, " Of all the attempts to dismember the Mexican republic, by severing her dominions in Now Mexico, Chihuahua, Coaliuila, mill Tamaulipas, the treaty, in all that relates to the boundary of the Rio Grande, is an act of unparalleled outrage on Mexico. It is the seizure of two thousand miles of her territory without a word uf explanation with her, and by vir tue of a treaty w ith 1 oxas, lo which she is no party." After full discussion, ihe treaty, us 1 have before said, was rejected by a vote of 35 nays, to 16 vens. Mr." Prer-ident, I have already trespassed too long upon the patience of the Senate, and I will bring my remarks to a close. The car eer of conquest upon which we have entered, is full of danger and peril lo the country. It may bring under our do.i ii. ion foreign states and provinces, but it will bring with them an ignorant, degraded population, wholly un prcpuicd for the enjoyment of our free and liberal institutions. Willi the extension of our ten iloiiul limits, will come an increase of armies and navies, and tlie building up of a great military power, newt contemplated by tlie fiumcrs of the. Constitution. An in crease of Executie patronage will follow, and an ambitious President, selected from the successful commanders of the army, may trample the Constitution under foot, and sub ject the people to tho despotism of military rule. It they appeal to the Constitution and laws for protection, they will be answered in the language of Caesar to Metellus " that arms and laws never flourish at tfic same time." Mr. President, 1 call on the student of history, ami we have many in this chamber, to point me to a nation, either ancient or modern, that lias by its wars of conquest, ac quired any enduring glory, or conferred any lasting benefits upon its people. Did Greece gain any eudui ingfamc by the wars of conquest in which she engaged ! No, sir, Grecian liberties perished at Chaeroncn, more than two thousand years ago. Rome tarried her victorious anus into neighboring prot incus, and subjected them to her domin ion, but she could not save her republic Roman liberties were cloven down by Roman armies on the battlefield of Philippi, more than thirty years before the Christian era. What lias Franco gained by the wars of invasion and conquest in which .-he has been engaged V She dethroned kings and estab lished her power in tlie countries around her. She dienclied the continent of Europe in blood, in tier wars of conquest. And what is her condition now ? She is confined to her ancient limits, and quietly reposing under the reign of tier Bourbon sovereign. What has Russia gained by hor conquest of the Caucasian country? Notliing sir; she re ceived the submission of tho people in 179C, and from that day to this, she has been com pelled to keep in tho field nn army of twenty thousand men to defend and protect, her. Mr. President, aggressive war is no part of our mission we can gain no enduring glory by tho conquest of foreign states and provin ces. The victories that redound most to our honor arc achieved in the workshops and c unting houses of the country. W have a broad domain with every variety of soil and climate, anil by industry, enterprise, and en ergy, we can command ull the comforts and luxuries of life, and secure for our country the admiration of the world. THE VOICE. BRANDON: THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1843. Nkw-Yoisk Citv Flection. The election which took place in New-York on Tuesday of last week resulted in tho choice of Havemeycr, democrat, ns Mayor, over Brady, whig, by 019 majority. Leon ard, democrat, over Ilerrian, whig, as Alms House Commissioner, by 4,211 majority. The wings elected 10 of the 18 Aldermen. The Assistant Aldermen stood 9 wings to 9 democrats. A pretty even run, we think. Brooklyn gave n largo majority of votes for the whig candidate for Mayor, and elected a lnrje ma jority of the other officers. Fatal Occvriikkce. On Friday morning, 14th hist., Jons Cowan, aged nbout 19, wns Hasting rocks in the garden of Col. J. D. Mitchell, nenr the east furnace in this town, nnd wns instantly killed. As we Iinve the report, nnother mnn stood near by when Mr. Cowan wns nbout firing the fuse but wns walking away from tho rock, when lie lienrd the report turned round nnd saw the decenscd about six feet in the nir nnd descending. The face wns most shocking ly mutilated, and this dentil sum mons wns so effectual thnt no struggle was seen nf ter the body fell. AVc learn that the deceased wns nn Englishman, and had been in this country only about eight mouths. FrtF.E Press. The editor of this paper recently gave i s a sly touch for throwing " mud" on a por tion of the mail contractors in this State ; but more recently the General gives a bnck-hnnded thrust nnd covers the whole lot of mnil carriers south of Bur lington away down East nnd South, into other Stntcs ! It appears to u, neighbor Clarke, that if we had the Telegrnph,ns you have, we would spar the mnil carriers till better traveling. We notice in the last St. Albans Messenger, a hard touch on mail contractorsjuid carriers up that way, but ns we think the traveling will soon admit of transporting the mails nnd passengers too, in season, we shall let the mail delays pass for this season. Genus and Eela Hall. We notice in the last Genius of Liberty, that the editors pounce upon Bela Hall, an old brother blacksmith of ours, in real eagle shape. They not only tear the pockets of the poor fellow, but actually dig the eye-balls out of his head ! Although these editors are rather savage in tltis case, we do not attach much blame to them, bo cnuso Bela had just thrown his hammer nt them, through the Mercury, and if we were in their places we should try to fix the fellow so that he could not find nnother hammer to throw. As titat ns we can learn, this Vulcan chap was about as efficient in his recent agency ns lie was in obtaining subscribers to the Voice n few years since; nnd when we learned thnt he was the Agent cf the Genius, we guessed to ourself about how much benefit that paper would derive from the man who sometimes lovkt one way but Hauls another! Stsipatiiy for Franck. We have accounts from all quarters, of enthusiastic gatherings of peo ple in thit country for the purpose of sending a word of cheer to the successful rebels against kingly gov ernments ill the old world. This is right; but the slaveholders in this country who unite in such de monstrations may find that tho thirst for freedom across the Atlantic will soon find its way into the breasts of their $lavcs. President Tolk sends his message to Congress, congratulating the French rebels, through that body, on their glorious success, while one of their frst acti was to declare freedom to their slaves. Yet the President Is a large slave holder. We hope the slaveholders of this country will profit by the cxnmple of the French. Henry Clay's Refusal. The report has been quite extensively circulated thnt Mr. Clay would soon publish a refusal to be considered a candidate for tho next presidential term. A letter from him, dated at Ashland the 10th inst., however, places tho matter in a different li;ht. He leaves it to his friends to use his name, or not, ns they shall judgo the in terests of the country to demand, nnd ho will acqui esce in the decision of the National Whig Conven tion. " Hefused." In supposing case for the consid eration of the editor of the Freeman, ns published in tho Voice March 30th while alluding to tho fact that the meeting in Brandon for voting on tho license question, was not warned by the selectmen, we used the terms 'disobeyed' 'neglected and 'refused,' or 'refusal,' supposing from their connection tho read ers would understand theso terms to convey the same meaning. The first two selectmen, however, think wo did thein injustice in using so strong a torm ns refused. Wo will now say, we meant noth ing moro than that they did not know the law, or, f.irgotto post up the win ning, They can have tho privilege of telling our readere which was tho case. Voice op Industhy This pnper, which was formerly published nt Lowell, but more recently nt Boston, closed its existence last week, John Or vis, from Ferrisburg, Vt., hns had tho editorial management of tho paper for a short time, but he and Mr. Jaques sent out their valodictories on Fri day last. The Boston Daily Whig establishment i offered for sale, nnd wo judgo tho publisher, Mr. Shepard, designs soon to discontinue thnt pnper. We were well pleasod with both papers, and regret that the publishers have found it necessary to soil out or discontinue. News. We hopo in the course of two weeks not to bo far behind our neighboring publishers on tho soore of tho htett intelligence. Until then wo a;,k cur wader to ae:cf pt tho bwst w oan furnish tbrai. Concbessional Speeches. As some of our renders complain of our publishing so many long spcetfhes, we Will now sny i it is not onr desigu to fill the paper with more of them nt present, although we have a large number on hand which we consider very valuable to those who will attentively read them. Among them is the speech of Mr. Webster recently delivered. This speech will hot come amiss nt any time. We shall therefore preservo it for fu ture use. We bespeak for Mr. Upliam's speech, which we finish copying this week, a thorough perusal, and this because we believe its merits will satisfy nil who thus examine it. Novel Cow-Milker. We recently lienrd of a yearling gruntcr that took upon himself the very ngrecablo task of milking a cow belonging to his owner. The scene is laid in a section called " Sa tan's Kingdom" in the town of Leicester, and as the authentic report comes, when his gruntership desired to perform his scmi-dnily tasks he would advance towards the cow she complying with tho signalfor stopping, ho would scat himself on his rear pnrts, clcvato the front, nnd perform the milk ing in a scientific manner 1 Is there " no new thing under the sun" ? Birth Day Festivals. Festivals, in commem oration of the birth day of Henry Clay weio held in New-York and Philadelphia on Wednesday eve ning, 12th inst. As reported in the Tribune, fine times were had in both places of gathering on thnt occasion. Mr. Clay is admitted by men of all par ties to be nn able statesman ; nnd if he enn stand the eulogising lie hns had of lnte he must be a vary itrong man. Lake Navigation. We notice from Whitehall and Burlington papeis, thnt stenmbonts have passed through the Lnke, but do not yet see any advertised times for the running of each Boats. Should tho Directors see fit to send us a no ticc of regular trips we will try to help them to some custom. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. Hon. A. Stewart will accept thanks for a pam phlet copy of Mr. Gallatin's treatise on our relations with Mexico, and Hon. W. Henry for copies of Mr. Webster's and Mr. Levin's recent speeches delivered in the Senate and House. COURT MARTIAL AT MEXICO. The telegraphic accounts have stated that the difficulties between Gen. Scott and Gen. Worth, had been renewed at the Court Mar tial at Atexico about the middle of last month. This, unfortunately, appears to be too true, ns wilt be seen by the following pa per addressed by Gen. Scott to the Court of Inquiry, and the subsequent proceedings: " Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Court : Here in the Capital of Mexico, conquered by the American arms, under my command, I find myself but a prisoner at large the chief criminal before this court. Deeply wounded, my military pride is cast down into the dust not by the public enemy but by tlie long arm of power at home. All that could be done, in that quarter, to injure, to degrade and humble me here and elsewhere, has been accomplished. But sustained by tlie Almighty arm; feeling niyself strong in conscious rectitude, strong in mind und. body strong in all the means of self-defence, 1 bid defiance lo my accusers. I shall not plead the letter, withdrawing tlie appeal against me, in bar of trial. Nay, I challenge the writer of ..at letter to come forward and do his worst. Put, no doubt he thinks and with reason that lie has done his worst. Here, in view of the enemy, he has caused me to be struck down from the high and hon orable command of a most gallant and tri umphant army. He lias caused me first to be prejudged and punished at home, and then to be brought forward to be tried again, while he, my junior, has been pre-acquitted and rewaided. The President has, we are exultingly told, done him f full and ample justice" yes, sir, in double measure i justice to his pride, and justice to tiis vengeance. Let him, Mr. President, go forlh, rejoicing, in the plenitude of Execu tive favor. Without envying him his honors, I shall, at the end of this court, have done with him forever. Again, Mr. President, 1 repeat, mv attitude is thnt of deatice. WtsriEj-u Scott. Mexico, March 17, 1848. On the reading of the above document Gen. Worth rose and asked if he might be permitted to ask a question of the Court. Gen. Scott here interrupted, and said that he understood that gentleman Gen. Worth to be here only as a prosecutor, and as such had no right to speak. President. These interruptions cannot be indulged in. Gen. Scott. Don't apply those remarks to mc, sir. At this point the proceedings were, it ap peared, about to take a violent turn, when tlie President again arose and said that these irregularities should be stopped, nnd ordered the '"room to be cleared, in order that the Court might deliberate upon the document then before them. On the opening of the Court, it was an nounced that proceedings in the case would be stayed, provided no objections were made by the parties. It was also announced that the Court adjourned the case of Scott for the present, in outer to give tlie members time to consider the paper "presented by him more fully. In the meantime the case of Gen. Pillow was ordered to commence lto. Daily Advertiser. Five Fihes in Pittsburo...A Telegraph ic despatch to the New York Tribune, states, that on Wednesday morning, Pittsburg was visited by five terribly destructive fires. At tlie first, twenty-six houses and three smoke houses, containing 700,000 pounds of bacon was destroyed. The latter were the property of Holmes Brother, Jordan St Son, Acheson & Dairg, J- Dalzell, and Carson & McKingle. The snloko house was insured. Four houses were consumed at tho second fire At the third firo, four houses wero destroy ed, two of them dwellings, besides a stable. At the fourth, two houses. At the fifth, three stables and a dwelling. The loss must be immense, although no cor rect estimate can be made at present. Fortunately there was no wind, or else half the city would now be a mass of smouldering ruins. " The flaw nro. eomplntoly mibdue!. n-- -i -in i i rnj-Lmj From the Boston Daily Bee. Washington, April 14, 1848. In tlie Senate, agreeably to notice, Mr. Da. vis, of Mass., asked and obtained leave td bring in a bill, which was read a first aud second time, by unanimous consent, and re ferred to the committe on Patents. It relat ed to amending tho act for the promotion of the Useful Arts. Mr. Ashley moved that tlie bill relating ta conferring judicial powers on the American Consuls to China and Turkey, be made; the special order of the day for Wednesday next The motion was agreed to. In the House, the New York contested election case was taken up,and Mr. Van Dycko udvocated Mr. Munroe's claim to tho seat, showing that Mr. Jackson was elected by il legal votes. The whole subject was laid aside, and lli day wns spent in the discussion of private bills. Washington, April 13, '48. The entire city is one scene of glorious en thusiasm on tlie occasion of celebrating tho late revolution in France. Messrs. Morso, of La., Foote, of Miss., Thompson, of Ta.( Stanton, of Tenn, and Grund, of Washing ton, addressed an immense concourse of peo ple; and tho Marseilles hymn was sung; many houses are illuminated, and a torch light procession is moving through the streets, midst shouts of assembled thousands. From the New York Tribune. LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM NEW MES-. ICO RESUMPTION OF HOSTILITIES SUICIDE OF LIEUT. S 11 ULL. St. Locis, April 12. Mr, Burts has just arrived from Fort Ar kansas. He left the river on the 9th of March and brings intelligence of a highly importanl character. When he left, the most conflicting reportt had reached the Fort, relative to the stale of affairs in that country. There can be no doubt that a large body of hostile Indians and Mexicans had assembled at a place 200 milei South of the Fort. It was the intention of Col. Gilpin to march the following day with his command and attack them. The Chequenc Indians had relurncd from a hostile expedition against the Snakes and Pawnees. They brought with them 25 scalps. Lieut. Shull, of the artillery, committed suicide by shooting himself with a pistol. He was stationed at Fort Mann. Father Matiiew. It wilt be seenbyfho following letterthat the visit of Father Malheir to this country has been deferred till next fall. The letter is iiddrestcd to Rev. Mr. Marsh of New Yotk City. Cork, 10th March, 1848. Dear Rev. Friend : When last I bad the pleasure of addressing you, I fully calcu lated on being able to gratify n.y anxious de sire of visiting the States this season. Cir cumstances have lately occurred, which will, I regret to say, compel mo to postpone Dij journey until the fall of the year. I am commanded by my superior to go to Rome prior to my departure for America, and I have been hitherto prevented from leaving Ireland by a eevere attack cf influ enza. It will be out of my power to return from Italy in time to take pRssage in tho "New World." Add to the favors aheady conferred, by apologizing for mc to the gen tlemen of the Committee, ard to my other friends, and assure them that I shall have tho happiness, God willing, early in September, of enjoying a personal interview. Believe me, with high respect, Rev. dear Mr. Marsh, yours affectionately, Theobald Mathkw. Mr. Astok's Bkcjiesto. The Y. Y. Ex press gives some further abstracts of Mr. As ter's will. Tlie bequest to the German So ciety was conditional upon establishing an of fice where emigrants could obtain advice ar.rt information without charge. The original amount was SS0,O00, subsequently reduced to $25,000, and then lo 820,000, on which there is an endorsement that 15, Cy? has been al ready advanced. To tlie association for the relief of respec table aged indigent females, he gives 526,000, on condition that they cause the same to bo put out and kept at ml crest, and applied to the objects of their association. To the Insti tution of ihe Blind $5000 ; to the Half Or phan Society, 86000; to the New-York Lying-in Asylum, S-2000. An appiopriation of $2.r),000 to the Columbia College, (or the CI tablishment o,a German Professorship, was withdrawn in a later cordicil, as also a legacy of $2000 to the German Reformed Congre gation, to which he belonged These, with i ho $50,C00 forttie poor of his native village, make up the pu'ulic bcquesls. To " his friend, Fitz Green Hulleek," he gives 8200 a year during life. Tlie bulk of the property is given to his son, Wm. B. Astor. An Accident almost Fatal. It hn seldom been our lot to record a narrower ea cape from probable, if not certain death, than occurred Saturday night at Huvro do Grace. Md. The cars which left Baltimore at 8 Saturday evening, whether from being behind their time, or from son e other n'.otivo unknown to the writer, approached Havre do Grace at .more than their usual speed. Tho locomotive was detached while it was under a powerful head of steam, and before the cars could be arrested they had run thice-quarters over the boat which awaits their approach and passes their passengers across tlie Sus queharniiih and were within fre feet of ill furthest limit. Had 1 he motive power been but a shade greater, one hundred persons would have been precipitated down a decli vity thirty feet into twenty feet of water, with all the superincumbent weight of four car. It is not necessary to dwell upon their proba ble fate N.Y.Trib. Surgical Orr.RATiON. An important surgical operaiion was successfully pcifbimed in Northbridgo on Thursday last, by Dr. L. L. Miller of Providence. The Subject wai Rev. Jonathan Longley. Some forty sfonet, varying in size from that of a pea to that cf a filbert, were taken from the bladder. Chlo roform was successfully administered. The operation occupied about half an hour, dur ing which time tlie patient was apparently insensible to pain. Blacksone Chronicle. Singular Coincidence. The work of demolishing the" old house in Front St., which Louis rhilippe occupied during his residence in this city, was commenced on the day on which he abdicated the throne of Franco. Pennsylvania (Phila.) Freeman. The Methodist church at South Faris, Mc, was destroyed hy fire on Monday morning, s about two o'clock ; no insurance. Ihtism. Whiff.