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Puget Sound weekly Argus. [volume] (Port Townsend, W.T. [Wash.]) 1876-1882, November 26, 1880, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022761/1880-11-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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”WEWW
WEEKLY AR GU S.
Vul.. m.
HIJ‘NID uVrIY "Hun AT
r”: luau-Md. \Vauhlnr‘un Territory.
\ 1.1.12 N \V 11l 11.
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. 1 ‘ . -|I mnnHI'JLMI.
.I'» -H-‘ \IIYHIH‘ISINGI
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’ '4‘. .E!|'\'|"L|‘11.......... .50
. -. w7\~~.li~«-n;vl1|~ ll! [“san
‘ . . ,-,.:~1:.. .ll‘nHllani'Wlhycu‘h.
I ,- \Il \M-ounln‘u-IIINI nomnly..;n
CORRESPUNHENCE FROM TENNESSEE.
Is)t llne klruluma ul Judge Bmm
\u- lmvc lu-v-n lumialml wiih Um;
mlmving hunt-sung lultm' I'mtn
Travers Dunwl, limit, of (Ilmkavillo.
I'IIIIA'HQQc. which will he found of
mm M immune: to our n-mlers«par--
lu'ularly :lmse .rvsidihg nu Pugvt
Smul. The News of Mr. Daniel
m llu‘ (‘himwre qvwsrinn, llmugll
Jill-471;; {rum llum- ml :4 mujmily ul
lu-mma ml lln: l'uvil'n,‘ ~1-viw, :uv new
o'flllt‘lFSS tho expression of views
hvltl generally by the pmple of the
Emmrn Slams, both Nurtln and
Sumh, «I",th Status of our mlntiuns
with (him, uutl are deserving of the
Itmttghtlul t'tmsldcratlon of all can
tlitl molt:
t't..\t:tt~\ ILLE, 'l'mm., Sept. ‘23, 1890.
JA‘H‘LN‘ (1t Stine, l'lwh Noah Bay,
\‘t'ustmtgtun 'l'vrrmtry.
Mt IH-IML mt::——ln the Antics of
the litl I HUthfe my lt-ttel' w yuu (HI
the wljmrt til' tlin; l'uiumliitt River
and its furutitltthle liar, and my stig—
gt‘stion relative to I system of jet
ties for thwpmting the north channel.
I should have added that there is a
chance, with such jellies. during
high water in the river, Ind in. pet
ststent south west gale outside. of
turning the river into Shoatwnter
Bay, or through the sands of the
Weather heach, leaving the Cape an
Hand. The mouth of the Columbia
I~ u dnttgerOus problem to the Engi
nw-r,.m it is to the ship uttptain.
Ynu :uv El persistent. advocate fur
l't rt 'l'uwnseud, which accords with
my sentiment“. It is the “(Sale
l'ity." literally. l will show the A]:
um letter to Col. House, M. (1., and
Senator Bailey, both of whom live
lit-re and are my friends, and ask
their assistance in the next Congress
to do something for the Sound. I
will take some trouble to explain to
”mm the geography of the country.
inn: unmask uunimox.
i send you the Louisville “Courier
Journal" of Sept. 'JOth, with 'l‘nl
mago’s great aernion delivered hy
him in Brooklyn, N. \'., Sept. llltin
and telegraphed special to the“('ou
tin-r." You will see that my views
on that question are not solitary, in
believing that the Chinese should
he encouraged under proper social
nod sanitary laws and not repelled.
It is a fact not only on the Pacific
«lope but on this side, that the
tooth and a great mnjority of the
white laboring classes are a disso
lute, uncontrollable, 'shil'tless set.
'l‘hereis neither restraint on their
murals, or any tlist'iplllltr on their ac
tions, until they gm. within reach of
the arm of the iaw. Ido not think
there ore any employer! of labor
Whoyvould not rather have more do
cile employees. The nogroes are
Icarcoly any hotter than their white
brethren, while slightly more docile
being by noture a dependent class;
they are largely more criminal, and
the penitentiaries both north and
mm‘ ’|‘()\\'NSl'lNl), W. T.. FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 26.1880.
south are liiled \tith thorn. Tin-rt»
are remlrltahly ft-w paupers among
thi- Chinese who are undeniably
thrifty and frugal.
This outcry and persecution of the
('hinvso is no new thini‘r in our his
- r_v; {only than, ago the some out
cry was l'uifil‘d against the Irish, and
fearful riots in Boston and New
York were the consequence. Those
hordes of wild hog trottors were im
ported to work on our canals and
railroads, and 'tlw sumo SPHSPit‘SS
outt-rius m-rc rniswi against them as
urn now nsuil against the (‘hinvsm
u'l‘hulv would ruin the poor whitv
Anituit'lli lahorur; thuy would ‘irootl
[instilenr-o iiv thoir filthy haliits, and
l)l‘t‘t'ti a frnnintr in the land Irv their
utter shil‘tlesnnvas anti prmligality.”
lint the lrinh (mum, and the country
still lives; and now these very Irish,
which caused the formation of the
ltnuw nothing and native American
parties, are themselves the most hit,-
twr in ‘ their denunciation: of the
Chinese. li‘uroium‘rs themselves, us
soon as thvy :n’npiirod a right of cili
zi-nship, anti thousandsol‘ them even
ltt'fttrl‘ they had legally done so,they
sought to he our law-makers and
rulers: u reoplo who never could
govern themselves at home, came to
Arm-rim and sought. to govern us,
antl‘nmv are the noisiost in dictating;
whit l'ort-ignora ahall or shall not be
permitted the same privilvges which
they enjoy. Our naturalization laws,
we Soc. 2169 limited Statutes ii.
5., make special muntion of nogrovs
in these Words: “The provisions of
this title shall apply to aliens of Af—
rican nativity and to persons of Af
rican descent." By this provision,
the wild negroes from tho coast of
Guinea, or tho still wilder hordes of
the interior, can become citizens and
voters. The party of intelligent na
tives who followed Stanley through
his journeyings, or the king of Da—
homey with his hundred wives, can
.hcoonm American citizens if they
wish, which the educated, intelli
gent,and order abiding Chinnman
must forsooth he kept out.
Who are those Chinese, and what
in the. nation We. are so ruthlessly
setting at tlcliunt‘e, and what do they
amount to '.' are questions which the
senseless umli, whose only knowl—
edge of a Chinmnau is as u cook, or
a clothes-washer, have never asked.
In a must valuable work just pul)‘
lished by A. \Villinms & 0)., of Bus
ton, entitled “'l‘hu war ships and
nevies of the world, by J. W. King,
chief engineer U. 5. Navy,” isa full
description of the Chinese navy.
Mr. King says: “It is a mistake to
rognnl the Chinese as an elfete ne—
tion, not to be reckoned as u fnutnr
in international problems. The old
military imtincts of the mingled
.\lunfgul,Tar!ul‘ and Chinese races,
the sumo races whit-h unrler Genghis
Khan and his successors held sway
over the whole of Asia from the Yel
low son. to.the Mediterranean, and
founded the great. Mogul empire in
Indie,ai'e nnt lust, and the marvel
lous resust-itation nf (,‘hina during
the lan eighteen years, whit-h has
been the theme of all obserwre, is
nowhere more apparent than in the
development of her military anal
naval strength.” Mr. King gin-s an
eecount of the extensive dockyards
and naval workshops at Shanghai
and Foochow, and of great and ex—
tensive arsenals, which shows how
wonderfully and extensively the
Chinese have increased the efficiency
of their army and navy. Quietly
have they watched the progress of
ntlwr nations sud have appropriated
all tlu- most modern improvements
in arms hcth naval and military.
,‘rul-z NEW CHINESE (it-'x- “DATE-
The (‘hinese do not rely entirely
nthn their own ulireltyurds and con--
struetcrs. In addition to the llcet
of native production they have re-
Ct'ntly had constructed in l‘iugluntl a
series of gunbouts of the latest
types, armed with the most improved
and heaviest guns. They have four
built by Sir “'illinm Armstrong, 01‘
only 400 tons displacement each, but
our-h carrying- 38 tm guns of the
British sci-rice pattern. The mount
ing of these guns, says Chief Engi‘
ncerliing, on vessels of only 4-00
tons displncemcnt, was :1 most daring
innovation, and its boldnesss be
cumes more apparent when we re
mcmhcr that the only guns of the
same weight and ('nlihrc then allmt,
were those in the fore turret of the
great British ship Thundcrer, a res
so-l :tt‘ over nine thousand tons dis
plucwuont. These vessels are of
iron and they 11l made successful
passages to China, two being deliv
ered at Foochuw in 1876 and um at
Tientsin in 1873. But the Chinese
did not stop with the construction
of these four boats. Four more,
built on the Tyne by the same firm,
each armed with it 35 ton gun of the
Armstrong new type, sailed from
England in July 187 E). This new
type of gun whih- it greatly reduces
the weightol' metul hususuperiority
over all other guns which is obtained
by the marvellous charges of powder
they burn, these being 233 pounds,
or 35 pounds more than the heaviest
experimental charges which have yet
been fired from the British service
12% inch 38 ton gun mounted on
board the Dreadnuught. This new
gun has superior velocity and en
ergy, also a greater range at given
elevations, which is of great moment
in at navul gun where a man-cf-war
is required to bombard a town of
high elevation, or reach an enemy
escaping into shallow waters.
It will thus be seen that China,
the “efl'ete” nation of the East, but
just entered into the race between
the modern naval powers, has al
ready put to Sea more powerful guns
than has any other nation on the
globe, for the English lnllexihle and
the Italian Duillo carrying 80 and
100 ton guns respectively, are not
yet ready for service, while the heav
ir-st guns now mounted afloat by the
French, Germans and lluseians, burn
smaller charges and have less power
than the guns on board these gun
boats. In addition to these “armed
wasps,” as Engineer King terms
tlium, the Chinese have a naVy of
gunboats, frigates and torpedo boats
now ready and in active service,
with which our miserahlo and inef
ficient navy could not cope success
fully for a single «lay.
1m; lu-Lsurr or .\ umrmn‘ wrrn
I ”IVA.
Let us Sllpplla': for an instant that
the great [Thine-st: nation, it natiOn of
three hundred millions of people,
should resent the indignities put
upon her people by the hoodlmns of
the Pacific Coast, and demand that
every provision of the Burlingnine
treaty should be fulfilled to the let
ter, and that her subjects should bl!
admitted on American soil on term
of the lame equality given to all
other aliens. How could we resist
such ademnnd. We do not realize
a power which we are trying to
thrust from us, but who wishes to be
friendly with us.
wttA'r CHINA comm no iron Pum‘r
sotxn. '
Now that the elections are over
and the Chinese question is. no lon
ger a factor in our choice of Preai-i
dent, we can look upon this matter
calmly and dispassionately, and re
view the situation. All facts, all
information, and all statistical ac
counts prove that China, which for
centuries lms lmcn a giant sleeping,
has at last \vnketl up, mnl is stretch
inzgr his limits ninl arousing from his
lengthened tcrpor. ls it wise for us
to close our (“yes and attempt to
light the inevitable? ll" it hall not.
been for the senseless ulamor which
would rental these Asiatics, China
“'Olllll hnvo sont t 0 Puget Sound for
her merchant marine, and all her
wmulnn war vessels. She would
hare lwcome’thc great consumer and
made it lnll'liet for'your lumber,
~your flour. and all the products of
tho Western slope. Is this not
wor‘h thinking about ?
A NAVY mm» o.\' I'L’GE’l‘ SOL‘NI).
Our country is in no danger of :1
land attack; if we have any trouble
with foreign nations the hattle must
be anaval one. The conflict must
he upon the water. Thori- is on
plucu on the Pacific coast in all the
American possessions that is to be
nntnml with l'ugut Sound; it. is su
purior in every detail to every other
place for a grand naval stntion. The.
United States will be forced, for
their own protection, to have a navy
yard and a great naval depot some—
where on your waters. Your people
should bestir thmnsolves and have
an intelligent and detailed descrip
of your incomparable advantages
laid before the next Congress,'to the
end that-a. commission may be sent
out to secure a suitable site for a
navy yard on Puget Sound which
will meet. the requirements of the
present age and he a credit to the
nation. '
This Chinese question is no chim
ern or myth; it. is a stern grim vis
aged fact, which our statesmen will
have to meet; our government has
suffered our citizens, unrebuked, to
heapindignities upon the Chinese,
which if offered to the subjects of
any other nation would have caused
a declaration of war long before this.
It is not too late to retrieve a grave
error, and the statesman in the
next Congress, who will have fore
sightto propose a solution of the
problem, will deserve the thanks of
the whole country.
mm: mutims.
In a former letter I mentir'ned
the manufncture of fire brick as an
industry that can be (levclude on
Puget Sound in connection with the
iron business. In commencinga lire
brick factory, the first brick ma-le
are for stock to grind up and make
“nemvnt” of; many factories hurt)
the crude clay for cement when they
get short (if imperfect bricks, WlllL‘h
nre grnmnl up In about the size of
wheat grain» to make what is called
cunmnt, whuse office is to arrest the
.mnthmity of cracks in the hicks,
and Man to prevent an excess of
shrinkage in the high hosts to which
they are ”posed. It takes many
experiments to get the exact propor
tion fur the paste of which to make
tire lull-Ls. There are no two clzy
beds which are alike in composition,
NO. 41.
so when proportions of material are
once determined which will make a
good fire brick they must be adhered
to; this constitutes the value of the
different brands of brick. This sort
of manufacture requires some exper
ience, or e good deal of patient in
vestigation which is somewhat ex
pensive, which the men of experi—
ence can in e measure avoid. The
clay used generally, is not at all a
clay, but a clay rock which has to be
ground into powder by powerful iron
rollers of great weight. I have used
pure Kaolin, from near Macon, Geor
gia, but it did not answer well until
burned in a kiln. There are plenty
of places on the Sound where clay
ruck can be had inehundunce. When
1 spoke of “alumina,” I did not
mean chiy containing sufficient alum
or any alum, but as the technical
name for pure clay. I remember a
deposit of clay rock at Lip Lip point
on Marruwstnne island. and other
places in the vicinity of Port Town
send.
IRON SMRLTINH.
Ido not class the ori- tlint. I re
ferred to at Chimscum, as hug ore,
but as brown hematite. I am satis
fied that it will work by itself, from
experiments I made with Dr. Mc-
L‘urdy and others over twenty years
ago. I think that furnace ought to
pay. It is about the best location
in America for charcoal iron, but it
requires skill to manage a blast fur
neev, that can only be acquired by
practical experience. Such skill all
over the iron districts is well paid in
salaries ranging from three to seven
or eight thousand dollars per year.
MACHINE snors AND SHIP BUILDING.
I do not think that in blast furnace
will necessarily develop machine
shops or ship-building, for between
the blast furnace and such develop
ments must come extensive rolling
mills and foundries, and before even
these, very cheap iron of various
(Continued on eighth page.)
Causing Chills and Fever
DumbAgueJntermlttentJle
mittent and TyphoidJ-‘evers,
Biliousness, Liver, Stomach.
and Kidney disorders. and
manyotherlilments,destroy
lng the Health and lives of
millions, is driven out of the
system, and radically cured
by the use of the LION MA
LARIA AND LIVER PAD and
GANGLIONIC BODY AND
FOOTPLASTERS,thecheap
est and only perfect treat
ment by the Absorption prin
ciple. The Plasters acting in
conjunction with the Pad up
on the nerve centers and re
mote parts of the body, in ab
sorbing and thoroughly rid
dingthe system from MALA
RIAL POISON.
The whole treatment. PAD,
BODY PLASTER and FOOT
PLASTERS, all combined.
sold for SI .00 the cheapest
and best remedy ever discov
ered, and a positive cure
guaranteed if worn accord
lng to directions. Remem
ber. Pad, Body Plaster and
Foot Plasters, the whole.
SI .00. Sold by all druggists.
gr mailed on receipt of 'price
Y _
THE LION MEDICINE co.,
NEW YORK.

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