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Washington standard. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory) 1860-1921, December 15, 1860, Image 1

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VOL. I.
THE VASIISCm STAMIAIIII.
-IS ISSl'l'.l) EVERY KATtIiPAY MOUSING BY—
JOHN M. MURPHY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Subscription— S3 «« per Annum.
IX ADVANCE.
.«•
tdtfi'jlslisK Kales:
One Square. one insertion S3 WT
Eni'li additional insertion 1 no
Ilusiness Cyrils, per quarter, 5 00
f)rS' A liberal deduction will lie made in favor
of those who advertise four squares, or upwards,
liv the year.
Urg"Notices of liirths. marriages and deaths in
serted free.
Blank*. Rill Meads,. Cards. Hills of Fare.
Circulars. Catalogues, Pamphlets, &« .. executed
at reasonable rates.
OK KICK —In Ll.irncs'.-i Itnililiiip. corner of Main
mi l I'irst Streets, near tlie steamboat landing.
INT All communications, whether 011 Imsine**
or for publication should he addressed to the cdi
it >r of the WASIIIKOTON .STANDAUII.
The Pacific Coast Survey.
"We copy the following article from
the Alia California.
Much in it is of general interest to
our People, to many of whom is un
known, the weight of obligation they
are under to the gentlemen named, tor
a fund of information published to the
world in regard to the development and
geography of this Coast. AVe hardly
suppose that the name of George David
son, Esq., the talented author of the
"Directory of the Pacific Coast" is new
to many of our citizens, especially those
engaged in commercial, and lumber
ing pursuits. To very many, the article
will be recognized asa truthtuland well
merited tribute to a young man, who has
martyred himself, in his untirifig zeal
in discovering and removing the obsta
cles to navigating the North West • Pa
cific, and especially hi a dvertising to
the world, the topography and hydrog
raphy of our own Inland Sea, now so
well named as "the Mediterranean of the
North West."
Truly do wc join m the hope express
od in tiic article, that relief from the
arduous duties and tlie exposure inci
dent to tlie labors of surveying the va
rious hays, capes etc. upon our extend
ed coast, will restore Mr. Davidson to
perfect health. Many devoted admirers
he has, and none more than ourself will
dcliirht to hear of his future success in
life, and his enjoyment of all of Heav
en's choicest blessings. l>ut we forget
the article, here it is.
THE COAST SURVEY —TEN YEAR'S WORK
OF A PARTY—EXPOSURES AND DAN
OERS —ASSISTANT GEOIUSE DAVIDSON.
Thc early efforts of a portion of the
parties engaged in the survey of the
coast of California, and Oregon and
Washington Territories, are now mat
ters of history. The trials, exposures
and escapes, arc no fancy sketches, but
the plain every-day story of a life,
which, in the pursuit of scientific inves
tigations, were necessarily encountered.
The principal of the party, of whose
work a slight sketch is given below, is
now entirely broken down in health, and
on the steamer of the first of November,
Mr George Davidson took his depart
ure East, a mere wreck, physically, of
his former self. We knew this gentle
man when a boy, and when possessed
of an iron constitution, and now, after
the lapse of a few years, find him bro
ken in health, and unfit for field work,
consequent on the exposure he has been
subject to. His mind thoroughly on
the work of the survey, little attention
was paid to bodily comfort; and after
ten years of arduous service, in which
a vast amount of work has been done,
he is compelled by failing health to quit
the active duties his position on this
coast required.
Mr. Davidson, under the direction
of the able Superintendent of the Coast
Survey, Prof. Alexander D. Bache,
came out to this coast in 18."»0, bringing
with him, as a corps of assistants, .las.
S. Lawson, A.M. Harrison and John
Rockwell.
So little was known at the time re
garding the coast, that only very gen
eral instructions could be given, leaving
great discretionary power with the chief
of party. Mr. Davidson proved himself
equal to the emergency, and failing to
receive supplies of money from Wash
ington, as expected, he applied to Col
lector Collier, an 1 succeeded in bor
rowing SI,OOO. This sum being use
less for carrying on any work in the vi
cinity of San Francisco, he determined
to occupy an astronomical station at
OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, DECEMBER 15,1860.
Point Conception. This was looked
upon as a very important point, as all
vessels passing through the Santa Bar
barv Channel, the mail steamers inclu
ded, had to make it, and its position
was so variously laid down on different
maps, as to render it somewhat an ob
ject ol' dread.
TIIE WORK OF 1 850.
Tn IT days from their arrival, the par
ty left San Frnrieisco in the barque Burn'
I'lim, for Point Conception. All their
instruments, equipage and stores, were
landed at the mouth of El Coso. The
party were Davidson, Lawson and
Rockwell, as Mr. II arrison did not ar
rive in California for several weeks af
terwards. Having no cook, a man was
hired to net in the latter capacity ; but
at the end of three weeks he got tired
of frying pork, and making detestable
coffee, and getting permission to go
down to Santa Barbara he forgot to re
turn ; but had not forgotten to draw a
month's pay. During the remainder of
their stay, some two months, therefore,
the officers were under the necessity of
performing all kinds of labor.
At the conclusion of the work at the
place, the instruments, tents, and all
the equipage that could be taken away,
were packed on mules to Santa Barba
ra: and after remaining there three
weeks, the party took passage on a iisli
ing smack for San Francisco. While
they were engaged in making the office
work, intelligence came of a new appro
priation being made bv Congress, with
orders to refit the party. This was im
mediately done, ami they started for
Monterey in llie l\ S. C. S. schooner
J'Jiroit/, but a heavy southeast gale com
pelled them to return for repairs. On
the 2nd of January, 18.">1. they again
started on the propeller Carolina , and
arrived there in sal'etv.
TLIK WOKK or 18.31.
The party encamped on Point Pinos,
near Monterey. All the operations
were under the charge of Mr. Davidson,
who personally performed all the astro
nomical work, aided by Mr. Rockwell,
while the topographical work was done
by Mr. Harrison and Mr. Lawson. Af
ter two months' work at this place, the
parly went to San Hiego.
About the end or.Tunc, they went to
the mouth of the Columbia River, en
camping 011 the North Head. Cape Dis
appointment, and in October they went
to Port Orl'ord. At each of these pla
ces. except the last, surveys were made,
and positions reported upon tor the lo
eatiou of light-houses.
While at Port Ori'ord, orders came
for Mr Harrison to he detached and as
sume charge of a separate party, lie
went to San Diego to finish the survey
of the hay, and extend it to the Mexi
can boundary. Mr. Lawson went with
him.
THE WORK OF 18.">2.
Mr. Davidson returned to San Francis
co in .January, and located his camp in
the little valley south-west of the Pre
sidio, and commenced a regular series
of .astronomical observations. In April
he started on a trip with over twenty
chronometers, in the steamer Active, for
the purpose of making the necessary
astronomical determinations for the re
connoissanee from San Francisco to
San Diego. The first of these trips was
abruptly brought to a close by the
breaking down of P. M. S. S. Califor
nia, which put into San Pedro, where
the Art ice then was. The mails were
transferred to the latter, and taking al
so a few of the passengers, the commiss
ion for locating docks, navy yards, etc.,
she started for San Francisco. Some
repairs were found necessary to the Ac
tive, so that nearly a month elapsed be
fore she was again readv to start for the
completion of the work. On the re
turn of the A ctive, Mr. 1 )avidson's whole
party was placed on board, and trans
portation furnished to Cape Flattery.
They remained in camp at Xce-ah Bay
about two and a half months, and for the
purpose of executing such topographi
cal work as might be found desirable in
connection with the astronomical, Mr.
Lawson was ordered to report to Mr.
Davidson for duty, and continued with
the latter until he became chief of the
party in January, 1H<»8.
While at this place, the party (consist
ing of nine persons) were in continual
danger from the attacks of Indians, who
were very numerous in that vicinity.
A plot was made to kill them all and
plunder the camp, but was fortunately
discovered, and by showing themselves
prepared for the emergency, the Indi
ans retired. After that a regular guard
was maintained throughout the night.
In the execution of the topographical
work, the only way of getting along
the greater part of the shore line was
by a canoe, and the party was often
times placed in the most imminent dan-
ger from the heavy surf beating against
the rocks and bold shores.
Early in October, the Actirc took the
party away and proceeded southward.
It was George Davidson's intention to
spend the winter at Cape JVendoci
no, for the purpose of accurately deter
mining its position, it being one of the
most prominent and important points
on the Pacific Coast, and to make a
survey for the purpose of selecting a
suitable site for a light-house. It was
too rough to effect a landing at that
time, without incurring too great a risk
of life and property. It was also so
rough on the Humboldt Bar as to pre
vent the Arfirc from entering, else the
party would have landed there and
made an attempt to proceed overland.
They therefore were compelled to pro
ceed* to San Francisco.
George Davidson spent the greater
part of the winter in occupying an as
tronomical station on Telegraph Hill:
he spent a few weeks in the vicinity of
San Pedro and Los Angeles in selecting
the site for a base line, and making a
reconnoissance for the triangulatiou of
the Southern Coast, anil islands adja
cent. Mr. Lawson was detailed for to
pographical work at I'unta de los Reyes.
THE WORK OF 18f>3.
In the spring of thin year the party
went to San l'cdro and encamped in
the vicinity of the base lino on the plain,
about nine miles from IJOS Angeles.
This base was measured, and the trian
gulation eon line need, when the party
was ordered to proceed on the steamer
Artirr, for the determination of points
on the Northern Coast, in connection
with the reeonnoissance then to be
made, a portion of the base above men
tioned ran through a pond. All hands
were continually wet; the strong, cool,
westerly winds continued each day,
causing George Davidson a severe at
tack of the rheumatism; and, from that
time, his health continued to fail. His
work on the reeonnoissance trip was se
vere, a landing being effected every
night with instruments. A portable
observatory was set up, and, with his
assistant, Lawson, remained there until
daylight, when a boat was sent and
everything removed on board. I ntil
the vessel reached Port Orford, ttUmi-t
--all the sketching was done by Mr. Da
vidson, he having volunteered to do
this in the absence of the draughtsman
of the hydrographie party.
On the way Northward, orders had
been received to proceed to the Gulf of
Georgia, and make a survey of the Ca
nal de llaro. The triangulatioii of this
was made by Mr. Davidson, and the hy
drographie party made the necessary
soundings. Mr. D.'s health would not
permit of his attempting any active duty
during the succeeding winter. Mr.
Lawson proceeded to Tomales Bav, and
made a survey of the entrance, in en
tering the hay, the vessel on which he
and his party had taken passage struck
011 the bar, and became a total wreck.
All the instruments and most valuable
part, of the equipage were saved, in ef
i'eetingwhich Mr. L. and his men were
very near being lost.
TIIK WOLTK OK 18*4.
Tu the spring, the party proceeded to
Humholt Bay, having to lie ott'the en
trance fourteen days in heavy weather,
before the bar was smooth enough to
attempt crossing it. Here the usual
routine of astronomical and topograph
ical work was executed, and in June
they returned to this port. Mr. D. Hav
ing received orders to purchase a small
vessel suitable for the work, and pro
ceed northward to make the survey of
Bosario Straits and a small portion of
the Canal de llaro, left undone last
year. The brig now called the ft. 11.
Fituntleroy was purchased, in which the
party went up the coast. The work
ordered was finished, and when the
party returned here, the vessel was laid
up tor the winter, und Davidson and
Lawson proceeded to the Atlantic
States, on their first visit since coming
in 1850.
THE WOUK fiiom 1855 to 1860.
After their return in the spring of
'55, the vessel was made ready, and
they proceeded northward; and during
this and the two following summers
the triangulation of Admiralty Inlet
was carried up to Vashon's Id., from a
base measured at Port Townscnd, W.
T. At such times as were most conve
nient, Lawson was detached to make
detailed topographical surveys of the
more important harbors and bays to
which the triangulation had extended.
In the summer of 1857, D'H health
failed so much as to prevent his attend
ing to any work whatever, and at one
time serious fears were entertained for
his life. In November, 1857, another
visit was made to the east; but in the
spring, he was unable to return. Law
son was then appointed to its charge.
and has since remained in that position.
Mr. I), remained in the Atlantic
States a year, when he returned and
assumed charge of the triangulatiou
north of San Francisco, the execution
of which has been attended with such
severe work and exposure as most ef
fectually to break him down; and find
ing himself physically unable to con
tinue his arduous work, he left, at the
urgent advice of his physicians, for the
east. *We hope, under relaxation from
active duty, his health maybe restored;
though it is hardly possible he can re
cover to ever assume active field work
again, lie has done much to the credit
of the survey, and his labors have made
his name a part of the history of that
branch of the service on the Pacific
American coast.
REPORTED EXPRESSLY FOR TIIE STANDARD.
THURSDAY, Dec. o.—Council bill No.
'2 introduced, an act. to divorce W. I{.
Stockand and his wife.
Read second time and referred to
committee on Judiciarv.
C. I». No. 3, an act to provide means
for cleaning and repairing the Territo
rial arms.
C. B. No. 8 read a second time.
,1/r. Caples moved that the bill be
considered engrossed and read at bird
time now. Carried.
Dill read third time and passed.
C. J. R. No 1 introduced:
Hcjolral, By the Council, the House
concurring, that the committee 011 rule*
and orders of the two houses, he and
are here constituted a joint committee
011 rules and orders for the two houses.
Hiilcs suspended read a second and
third time and adopted.
C. B. No. 4 introduced, to divorce
Carson D. Boren and wife.
Dill passed second reading, and
was referred to committee 011 Judi
ciary.
C. B. No. an act to divorce James
and Joanna Cawlev.
Read second time and referred to
committee 011 Judiciary.
C. B. No. 0. an act tu divorce Robert
Anderson and wife.
Bead second time and referred to
committee on Jndieiarv.
Adjourned.
Fr.nuY, Dee. 7,. —Council met pur
suant to adjournment.
Mr. ilublw introduced a petition
from the citizens of Jefferson county
in reference to the road law, accompan
ied l»v a bill.
On motion of Mr. Burbank was re
ferred to the committee on Roads and
Highways with instructions to report a
bill.
Mr. lltilths introduced a like petition
from the citizens of l'ort Ludlow, in
Jefferson counlv.
On motion of Mr. Denny the peti
tion was referred to committee on
Boads and Highways.
Mr. Denny moved that the Gover
nor's Message he taken from the table.
Carried.
Message from the House received,
informing the Council ol'tlie introduc
tion of liouso bills No. 1, 2 and '5.
Mr. llubbs introduced the following
resolution:
Hctiohrif, That a committee of three
be appointed to report in relation to the
different portions of the message from
the Governor. Resolution agreed to.
[Saturday's proceedings have not
been received. The deficiency will be
supplied on the sceondpnge.]— EDlTOß.
MONDAY, Dec. 10.— Mr. Caples intro
duced C. B. No. 8 entitled an act to re
view and relocate as much of the Ter
ritorial road leading from jl/onticello
to the Upper Cascades as lies between
Vancouver and the cast line of Clark
county.
There being no objection flic bill was
read a second time, and referred to the
(jonnnittec on Roads and Highways.
C. B. Xo. 7 read a second time hv
title and referred to committee on eonn
tic.".
Mr. Clark introduced C. B. Xo. 0,
an act to divorce Patrick Coylo and Ann
Covle his wife.
Read first and second time and re
ferred to committee on Judiciary.
Mr. Simms introduced C. B. Xo ; 10,
entitled an act to incorporate "Walla
Walla Clearwater Road Company.
Bill read a first time, laid upon the
table and ordered printed.
Mr Clark introduced C. B. Xo. 11,
entitled an act to pay Joseph Water
house for certain services.
Bill read second time and referred to
committee, on Claims.
Adjnumcd.
LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS.
Council.
House or Representative*.
THURSDAY, Dec. 7.—Mr. Ferguson,
on leave, introduced 11. B. No. I—to
! divorce Samuel Baldwin and Rachel
j Baldwin. Read first time. Also, 11.
B. No. 2 —to authorise J. 11. Bush to
establish a ferry across the Columbia
river. Read first time.
Bv Mr. Foster—Resolution instruct
•*lc * * •
ing the Sergeant-at-Arms to procure six
| copies of any newspaper published in
the Territory, or such number of each
as the person entitled thereto may se
lect, for each member of the House.
Adopted.
By Mr. Chapman—ll. B. No. B—to
authorize James A. Barron to establish
a ferry across the outlet of Lake Che
lan. in Walla Walla county. Read a
j first time.
Mr. Ilenness—that all bills and re
! solves of a public nature be printed
' upon their first reading, to which WPK
offered an amendment to include all
bills on the table; when, on motion of
Mr. Hale, the original motion and
amendments were laid on the table.
! Mr. Ferguson—moved that 11. B?
No. 1, betaken up. Lost.
Mr. Hyatt—that the Scrgeant-at
! Arms procure two maps of the Terri
tory with all the latest delineations, (in
i eluding county lines distinctly marked)
for the use of the House. Adopted.
| Mr. Cannady—that the Secretary of
the Territory bo requested to furnish
the House with a statement of the
number of votes polled in the respect
: ive connties of this Territory at the last
annual election, also the census of legal
ters returned by the county assessors.
Adopted. House adjourned.
Fnin.w, Dee. 7.—Mr. Foster intro
duced 11. B. No. A—to legalize the acts
; of Thos. J. Carter and J. A. Karr aud
| itors for Chehalis county for the years
1850-00. liead first time,
j Mr. ('hapman—ll. B. No. f>—to grant
to Thos. Coupe the right to establish a
ferry between Port Townsend and
I Whidby's Island. Read first time.
11. B. No. 1 was read second time.
Mr. Chapman moved to refer to a se
lect committee of three.
Mr. Hale moved to amend by refer
ring to committee on Judiciary, which
amendment prevailed.
11. B. No. - was read second time.
On motion of Mr. Van Yleet, re
ferred to committee 011 Counties.
11. B. No. B—Read 2d time, and re
ferred to committee on Corporations.
Council Bill No. 2—read first time,
rules suspended and read a second time.
On motion of Mr. Van Yleet. the
bill was referred to committee of Ways
and Means, with instructions to inquire
into the expenditure of money for re
pairing public arms.
Mr. Ilyatt introduced IT. B. No. G—
an act for the protection of game. Read
a first time.
The House was in committee of the
whole (Fcrgusoa in the chair) upon the
(!ovcrnor's message—reported progress
Mr. Hastings moved that a commit
tee on tlirorce he appointed.
Mr. Clannady thought the committee
should consist of married men.
Mr. Ferguson moved that it consist
of sin trie men.
Mr. Ilays thought they should be
equally divided.
Mr. Van Vleet thought Mr. Speaker
never having been married, knew noth
ing about it. Adjourned.
SATURDAY, Dec. B.—Mr. Taylor, of
the committee on Counties, to whom
was referred 11. B. No. 2, reported the
same back, and recommended its pas
sage.
Mr. Cline, of the committee to whom
was referred 11. B. No. 3, reported the
same back without amendment, aud
recommended its passage.
Mr. Anderson, of the committee on
Judiciary, reported back 11. B. No. 1,
and recommend its passageed.
Mr. Foster, on leave, introduced 11.
Memorial No. 1. Bead tirst time.
On motion of Mr. Ferguson, rules
suspended and 11. Memorial No. 1 read
id time.
Moved by Mr. Hyatt that rules bo
suspended and memorial read third
time. Lost.
On motion of Mr. Van Vleet, referred
to committee on Memorials.
On leave, Mr. Van Vleet introduced
11. B. entitled an act to incorporate
Steam Navigation Co. Read firsi time.
Mr. Stone, of Kitsap, introduced 11.
B. Xo. 8, to divorce E. 11. Thompson.
11. It. Xo. 4 read second time, and on
motion of Mr. Ilale referred to commit
tee on Judiciary.
11. B. Xo. 5 read second time, on mo
tion of Mr. Chapman referred to com
mittee on Corporations.
H. B. Xo. 0 read second time. Moved
that hv Mr. Cline that the bill be re-
; ferred to committee on Ways and
; Means. Lost.
i On motion of Mr. Ferguson bill re
! ferred to committee on Judiciary.
Council Resolution No. 1 read first
| time. On motion of Mr. Van Vleet
rulc3 suspended and resolution read a
second time and carried.
Moved hv Mr. Hale that C. J. R. No.
1 read be ihirdfimc—passed.
On motion of Mr. Hale the Sergeant
at-Arms was instructed to put wrappers
on all papers furnished to membess of
! tlie House.
11. B.No. 2 passed second reading.
On motion of Mr. Ilale laid upon the
table and ordered printed.
11. R. No 3, on motion of Mr. Chap
man, laid upon the table and ordered
printed.
Mr. Bowles, on leave, introduced H.
; B. No. !), entitled an act relating toine-
I chanic's lions.
j On motion of Mr. Van Vlcet, rule?
; suspended and 11. B. No. 7 read second
! time and referred to a select committee
of five.
Chair appointed Messrs. Van Vleet,
Chapman, Oannady, Ilalc, and Stone of
Cowlitz.
House resolved itself into committee
of the whole to take into consideration
the matter of contested seats.
After some time spent in the commit
tee of the whole, the committee arose
and reported in the case of contested
seat between Messrs. Hcnncss and Ber
ry, that the committee do recommend
the adoption of special committee on
elections, and ask to lie discharged.
On motion of Mr. Hale report of
>pecial committee, that Mr. Berry be
iciitith-d to the contested seat, was taken
up and passed unanimously, with the
exception of Mr. Hastings, who voted
in the negative.
Mr. Buvy came forward, and the oath
of office was administered by J. W.
Johnson, Notary l'nblic.
On motion adjourned.
MONDAY, Pee. 10.—Mr. Hyatt—H. M.
Xo. 2, for an appropriation to complete
the military road front Steilacoom to
Beliingham Bay.
On motion of Mr. Ferguson, rules
suspended, and memorial read second
and third time and carried.
was referred the matter of contested
seats between Messrs. "Winston and
.Stearns, recommend that the whole
matter he referred back to the people
of Lewi-! county.
On motion of Mr. Ferguson House
resolved itself into committee ot the
whole, Mr, Pengree in the chair, to
take into consideration the report of
select committee.
On motion of Mr. Pengrce amended
to lav over until regular order.
Motion as amended carried.
Mr. Cunningham introduced Hi B.'
No. 10, to divorce Wm. Young and
Jenny Young.
Mr. Caimady introduced H. B. No.
11, for an act to incorporate Spokane
Bridge Company.
Mr. Cannady introduced 11. B. No.
12 for an ii't to authorize Sanford Owen
and U. V*\ Anderson to establish a
ferry across Snake river.
On motion of Mr. Pengrce, 11. B.
No. 11 laid on the table and ordered
printed.
Mr. Hyatt introduced* lt. J. R. No.
1, relative to joint committee on en
roled bills.
On motion of Mr. Pengrce rules sus
pended and 11. J. R. read a second
and third time.
Resolution on final passage carried.
11. 15. No. 8 read a second time, and
on re-feared to committse on Judiciary.
11. 13. No. 1 read third time and
passed.
On motion of Mr. Anderson the com
mittee on rules and orders was allowed
until to-morrow to report rules and or*
ders for the government of the House.
The committee of the whole recom
mended the adoption of report of spe
cial committee, and the House declared
the seat vacant held by 11. N. Stearns,
by the following vote:
AY I s—Anderson, Berry, Bowles,
Bozarth, Chapman, Coupe, Cunning
ham, Ferguson, Foster, llale, Harris,
Hastings, llays, Hyatt, McCary, Peu
gree, Purdy, Settle, Stone of Kitsap,
fetone of Cowlitz, Taylor, Speaker— 25?.
NOES—Briscoe, Cannady, Phillips,
Ruth, Van Vleet, Warbass—6.
received and adopted.
The following resolution was offered
by Mr. Anderson, and on motion was.
adopted:
Jiesolvcd, That a committee of three
be appointed to wait upon the Gover
nor and inform him of the vaeaney ex
isting in the representation from Lewi*
county.
Chair appointed Phillips, Taylor and
Coupe a* said committee. Adjourned.
NO. 5.

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