Newspaper Page Text
THE MStiW ST AN HAM). —IB ISSRGD KVKKY SATT'LIIUV MOHNINU IIY JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. —.«» MkKrlptlon - M OO per Annum, IN ADVANCE. ■ " »• ♦ MvertUlßß Rales: One Square, one insertion ?•'! 00 Kach additional insertion 1 00 business Cards, |>er quarter, 5 UU A liberal deduction will lie made in fuvor of those v. ho advertise lour squares, or upwards, by the year. N'nlices of liirtlis, marriages and deaths in serted free. |tg*Hl;inks. Hill Head*. Cards. l'.ills of Fare. Circulars, Catalogues, l'anqdilets, &v., executed at reasonable rates. OrricK —In lhirnes's Building. corner of Miiln nml First Streets, near I lie steamboat lauding. communications, whether on business or for publication should he addressed to tlie edi itoroftlie WASHINGTON STANHAHI>. P<>K Tll Y . For the Washington Standard. IIALLGR'S IIIIJIII BV FANNIE L. COCIIRAN 'Twft« on a dark October night. The chief arm veil his band to fight ; Their war whoop seemed to rend the air, Ifut silent was the soldier's prayer. Fierce was that conflict! ere the morn, Many » soul from earth had lionrn ; There lay the whitenian and his foe Now cold in death, they knew no woe Low l>os a soldier true and brave, Mulhotlnnd till* a soldier'* grave; The savage fired, his spirit lied. And now he's numbered with the dead. Now lay his sword close by his side, Unit, through lift* he looked with pride; Oh glorious cause ! the soldier brave His country's rights he died to save. Now when we hear of Hallei's Hill, Our eyes with tears unbidden fill; There brave ones fell, they'll fight no nyriro, Death the viet'rvwon. their battle's e'er. WIT. Wit is but reason to advantage drest— What oft was thought but ne'er so well cxprcst Tlt I FI I 1 : S . VEXATIONS. —To buy a large farm in the " fertile West," and find it a fishing jtond with "nary" rod to haul the miii ows out. To THINK of traveling all over the world, and find three quarters and one clime on I v. To <Ji\'K a fellow a sound thrashing for unequalled impudence, anil in ten" minutes after to learn he has a pietty sister. To DREAM of paradise, and beings an gelic, and wake to find yourself at home with your wife. To nK fascinated with a traveling companion, ami hear " my. dear bus hand" at the first station as she caress ingly her liege lord embraces. "A NICK LITTLE ARRANOEMEXT."— Recently a couple of young folks called on Esquire F., ami after considerable hesitations, requested to be united in the "holy bauds of matrimony," which request the Squire at once proceeded to comply with. The bride, from the lateness of the hour and the peculiar nature of the call, thought some ex planation necessary, and so very inno cently remarked : "We came from Co lumbia couuty to attend the Fair, but finding the taverns all full, and no place for Aleck to sleep, we concluded to get married, so he could sleep with me!" She was a girl worth having. "MY FRIEND," said a hotel keeper to an over-voracious boarder, "you cat so much I shall charge you an extra dol lar." An extra dollar!" replied hislioarder, with his countenance the very picture of pain, "For goodness sake don't do that! I'm almost dead now eating five dollar's worth; nml if you put on an extra dollar I shall certainly hurst— I shall!" "THE ugliest trades," said Jerrold have their moments of pleasure. Now, if I were a grave digger or even a hang man, there are some people I could work for with a great ileal of enjoy ment" A WISE man said that there is but one perfect woman upon the earth. Many a man think# that he has got her, hut a really lucky fellow knows that he has. AN OLD EPITAPH REVIVED. —On Wil liam Walker, filibuster: Here lie* the body of W. W. Who never more will trouble you, trouble yon COCKNEY. —'Any, 'op 'up hand go to Mr. 'Arris's hand liax 'im hif 'e 'as a hit of hash or hoak to make a 'uniiner 'andle. CHARLES asked Mary "What animal fell from the clouds?" rain dear," was the whispered OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, DECEMBER 22, 1800. CHRISTMAS. "We know of nothingwhieh will prove more interest to our readers than the history of the festival so dear to even- Christian, the anniversary of the hirth of our Redeemer. From that most valuable of recent publications, the new American Encyclopedia and Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge, edi ted hy George Ripley and Charles A. Dana, we copy at length the following article: Y Christmas (Christ and mass), a fcsti ih*al of the Christian Church, observed on December 2oth, us the anniversary of the birth of tlu* Saviour. Its insti tion is at tri IHI te« I l»y the decretal letters to Pope Telesphorus, who died A. D. 1i:-JK, and throughout the snl»sf«juont | history of the Church it lias Wen one j of the most noted of Christian solemni ties. At tirst it was the most movable of the Christian festive (lavs, often con founded with the Epiphany, and cele brated by the Kastern churches in the months of April and May. In the fourth century the urgency of St. Cyril of Jerusalem obtained from I'ope >1 uli tis J. an older for an investigation to be made concerning the day of Christ's nativity. The result of inquiry by the theologians of the Hast and the West was an agreement upon the 2.lth of December. The chief grounds for the decision were the tables of the censors in the archives of Koine ; aiiTl although, in the opinion of some of the fathers, there was not authentic proof of the identification of the day, yet the decis ion was uniformly accepted, and from that time the nativity has been celebra ted throughout the Church on the same day. It has also been a common taadi tion that Christ was born alnnit the middle of the night. The custom in Roman Catholic Countries of ushering in Christmas day by the celebration of three masses, one at midnight, the sec ond at early dawn, and the third in the morning, dates from the sixth century. | The day was considered in the double | light of a holy commemoration and a ! cheerful festival, and was accordingly I distinguished by devotion, bv vacation from business, ami bv merriment. J >u ring the middle ages it was celebrated by the gay, fantastic spectacle of dra matic mysteries and moralities, per formed by personages in grotesque masks and singular co.-tuines. The scenery usually represented an infant in a cradle, surrounded by the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph, by bulls' heads, cherubs, Kastern magi, and manifold ornaments. The custom of sinking canticles at Christmas, called carols, which recalled the soi.gs of the shep herds at the birth of Christ, dates from the time when the common people ceased to understand Latin- The bish ops and lower clergy often joined with the populace in caroling, and the songs were enlivened by dances and by the music of tambours, guitars, violins, and organs. Fathers, mothers, sons, ami daughters mingled together in the dance; if in the night, each bearing in Ins hand a lighted tapci\ Many col lections have been made rif these me diaeval carols which filled the hours be tween the nocturnal masses, and which sometimes took the place of psulms in the churches. Of perhaps the oldest of these collections, only a single leaf remains, containing two carols, pre served in the Dodcuiau Liarary, in a volume of " Christinas Curols," prin ted l»y Wynkin de Worde in 1 521. Da vies Gilbert published a volume of "Ancient Christmas Carols," with the tunes to which thev were formerly sung in England, ami William Sandys made a more complete collection (Lon don, 1N38.) The carols of the Welsh are especially celebrated, and their IjJh/r Cur oh m (Book of Carols) con tains sixty-six, and their Uluitciu/crihl (Anthology of Wales) contains forty-eight. The' German carols were collected by Wcinhold ((Jratz, 18o2>), and one of the best of the many edi tions of the French enrols (noils) was published at I'oiticrs in 1824./' During the last days preceding Christmas it is still the custom for Calahrian minstrels to descend from the mountains to Na ples and Home, saluting the shrines of the virgin mother with their wild music, under the poetical notion of cheering her until tne birth-time of her infant at the approaching Christmas. In a picture of the nativity by Raphael he lias iutrothiecd a shepherd at the door I playing on a sort of bagpipe. Prepar atory to Christinas the bells arc rung at dead midnight throughout England and the Continent; and after the sol emu celebration of the mass, for which the churches in France and Italy are magnificently adorned, it is usual for the r.vclcrs to partake of a collation, (wiuiid'tp), that they may bo better able to sustiiiii the fatigues of the night. Among the revolt* of the Christmas season were the so-called leasts ot fools and of asses, grotesque saturnalia, which were sometimes termed "Peeeni ber liberties," ill which everything seri ous was burlesqued, inferiors personify ing their superiors, great men becom ing frolicsome, and which illustrate the proncness of man to occasionally re verse the order of society ami ridicule its decencies. In the Protestant dis tricts of (Jerinany and the north of Eu rope, Christmas is often called the "children's festival," and Christmas eve is devoted to giving presents, espe cially between parents and children, and brothers and sisters, by means ol the so-called Christmas tree. A large yew hough is erected in one ol the par lors, lighted with tapers, and hung with manifold gifts, sweetmeats, apples, nuts, playthings, and ornaments, Each of these were marked with the name of the person for whom it is intended, but not with the name of the donor, and when the whole family party is assembled, the presents art' distributed around the room according to their labels, amid joyful acclamations and congratulation's/ A more sober scene succeeds, for the mother takes this occa sion to say privately to the daughters, and the father to the sons, what has been observed most praiseworthy and what most faulty in their conduct. Formerly, and still in some of the smaller villages of North (Jernianv,the present-* made by all the parents were sent to some person, who, in high bus kins, a white robe, a mask, and an enor mous flax wig, becoming the bugbear of children, known as Kmc/it goes from house to house, is received by the parents witn great pomp nml reverence, calls for the children, and bestows the intended gifts upon them according to the character which he hears from the parents after severe in quiries. A beautiful poem of TTebcl, Christ- Itmiiii, celebrates the (Jermau ceremo nies on Christmas eve. It is an old Swedish tradition, preserved in the his tory of Oullis, aivhbisbop of I psal, that at the festival of Christmas the men living in the cold northern parts are suddenly metamorphosed into wolves; and that a huge multitude of them meet together at an appointed place during the irght, and rage H> fiercely against mankind ami other creatures not fierce by nature, thai the inhabitants of that country suffer more, from their attacks than ever they do from natural wolves. Christmas has atways been at once a religious, domestic, and merry-making festival ill England, equally for every rank and every age. The revels used to begin on Christinas eve, and contin ued often till Candlemas (February 2), every day being a holiday till twelfth night (January (!). In the houses of nobles a "lord of misrule," or "abbot of unreason," was appointed, whose ofHce was "to make the rarest pastimes, to delight the beholder," and whose dominion lasted from " All-hallow eve" (October 31) till Candlemas day. The larder was tilled with capons, liens tur keys, geese, ducks, beef, mutton, pork, t»ics, puddings, nuts, plums, sugar ami loney. The Italians have the follow ing proverb: "lie lias more business than English ovens at Christmas." The tenant, arc entertained at the hull; and the lord of the manor ami his fani ilv encouraged every urt conducive to mirth. * ' On Christinnsi cvr the hell* were rung ; Oil Christmas eve I lie mass WIIS snug; Tlmt only night, in nil the year, Nnw tlio stolcd priest tlie eluilice rear. Then <i|ieii"il w itle the liamn's hull, To vassal, tenant, serf, nml nil ; Power Iniil his mil of rule aside, Ami ceremony itofl'eil his pride, The heir, with roses in his shoes. That night might village partner choo'C. All haileil, with iineontriilleil delight Alul general voice, the hnppy night. That to the cottage, as the crown, 111-ought tidings of salvation down. Knjlnml was merry Kngtnml when Old Christinas brought his Kporls again, 'Twas Christmas told the merriest tale ; A CliristmiiK pimliol oft would rlieor A poor niiin'o lii'iirt t hall'tln* your. A glowing tire, made of great logs, the principal of which was termed the yule log, or Christmas block, which might be burnt until Candlemas eve, kept out of severity of the weather; and the abundance was shared amid music, conjuring, riddles, hot cockles, fool-plough, snap-dragon, jokes, laugh ter, repartees, dances, forfeits and dan ces. The generous wassail bowls and bowls of punch never failed to bring tumultuous joys. The favorite ami first dish on Christmas day was a soused hour's head, which was borne to the principal table with great state and solemnity, "upon a silver platter, with minstrelsvc." There is a tradition that this cu.ttom originate ! at Queen'. College, Oxford, in commemoration of the valor of a student, who, while on u walk reading Aristotle, being furiously attacked by a furious wild boar, rammed the volume into the throat of the aggressor, crying Grwcnm cut till he had fairly choked the beast to death. It was long observed in the Christmas festivities of the inns of court, and it is still "retained at Queen's College, where the dish is brought in to the chant of an old half-Latin dittv: <'iipiit :ipri dofi-ro Ucilili'iis lauded Domino. Tlio Imre's licnil in liundo lirinj; I, Willi yiirilhintles piiy ami roscmiirv, 1 jirny you nil syngt; mcivly, Qui i-stiii in convivio. The common custom of decking the houses IIIHI churches :it Christmas with evergreens is derived from ancient Druid practices. It was au, old belief tliat sylvan spirits might flock to the evergreens, ami remain unnipped by llie frost till a milder season. The holly, ivy, rosemary, hays, laurel, and mistletoe furnished the favorite trim mings, which were not removed till Candlemas. Chaplcts of these were also worn about the head, a practice to which the phrases to "kiss under the rose," to " whisper under the mistle toe," arc allusions. In old church cal endars Christmas eve is marked; Ton ]>l<i (.runitnilnr (adorn the temples). Ilollv and ivy still remain in Knglaml the most esteemed Christinas ever greens, though at the two universities the windows of the college chapels are decked with laurel, y It was an old English superstition that on Christmas eve the oxen were all found on their knees, as in an atti tude of devotion, and that after the change from old to new stvle they con tinued to do thisonlv 011 tftc eve of old Christmas day. This wan derived from a prevalent mediseval notion that an ox and an ass which were present at the nativity fell upon their knees in a suppliant posture, as appears from nu merous prints and from the Latin poem of Sani/.arins in the fifteenth century. It was an ancient tradition, alluded to by Shakspearc, that midnight spirits forsake the earth and go to their own conlincs at the crowing of the cock, and that Ever "irniii-1 Unit gritson romi'« Wliciriii our Suvioiii's liirtli i* ITICIIIMICII, This liii il of il n\ nin.r siiijrrtli nil nlj.'lit long ! Anil iticn. I In* y snv, no spirit stirs ulirniiil ; Tlio nights UIT W Inilr-ninc ; thru no pi.met stiil.i's : Nnl'iii v t:ikiM. norwitrh Imth pmvcr to ctnrm, So hi 111 >\\ i-tl mill so (irnrioiH is tin l time. N There was a famous hawthorn in 1 lio churchyard of < ilastouhury Abbey wliit-li always budded on tin- 24th ami blossomed on lite 2~>th ot December. After the change of stylo it was ob served that it blossomed on January/*, wlii«*li would liavo boon Christina* day O. S. It is said that slips from this thorn arc preserved which blossom on •lannary . r > to the present tin/p. Near Raleigh there is a valley said to have hoen caused by an earth(|iiako which swallowed np a wholo village and a church. It was formerly a custom for peoply to assemble hero on Christmas mojming, to listen to the ringing of the lu4s of the church hcucath Christ mas cclehrations in Knglaud have lost their primitive boisterous charac ter, the gambols and carols are nearly gone by, and family reunions and ever green trimmings are nearly all that re main ot the various rough merriments which used to mark the festival. The last memorable appointment of a lord of misrule was in 11527, when he had come to be denominated "a grand eap taine of inischiefe." The poems of ITerrick contain many descriptions of old English Christinas celebrations hi the I'nited States, since the Puritans were at first stern opponents ot Christ mas pastimes, the day has been less generally celebrated in Now Ku<;land than in the Middle and Southern States. It has boon made a legal holiday in some of the States, and is usually ob served by a religious service and making presents, and not mi frequently by trim houses and ehiuvhos with evergreens, and bv imitating the German custom of Chrtstmns trees. once said to a rich but dirty patient, who consulted him about aii crupution, "Let your servant bring to vou three or four pails of water, and put it into a wash-tub; take off your clothes, get into it. ami rub yourself well with soap and a rough towel, and you'll recover." "This advice seems very much like telling me to wash myself," said the patient. "Well," said Altcrnethy, "itmay be •pen to such a construction." Ykx mors—To have conscientious K'ruples when there is a chance to make a hundred i>ft" vour friend. Legislative Proceedings—Eighth Session. KEI'OHTKLL EXPITKRSLY FOB TIIK " HTANDAKD," Council. THUKHTIAY, Dec. 13.—Mr. AVoodard, of the committee 011 Roads ami High ways, to whom a petition had l»een re ferred from Jefferson county, praying a reduction of road tax, reported by bill. The hill read a first time. Two or three bills for divorce, orig inating in the Council, were acted upon and [Hissed. [For convenience of reference, iftimc and room permitted, we would present a list of the candidates tor divorce now urging the passage of hills.] —En. The bill from the House, the "Ore gon Steam Navigation Charter," was read twice and referred to committee on Corporations. 011 motion of Mr. Denny, proceeded to consideration of House Memorial relative to establishing a military road from Seatte to Walla Walla. On its second reading, on motion of Mr. Den ny, amended by inserting "FortCol ville" in place of"Walla Walla." Mr. Hnbbs moved to insert after "Snociualinie," the words "orCadv's," and on this motion, the yeas and navs were ordered, with the followingresiiit: AY LIS —Messrs. Catples, Simins and the I'resident—3. NOES —Messrs Piles, Purbank, Clark, Dennv. Miller and Woodard—(». Memorial read a third tinicand passed. Mr. Sinims introduced a bill incorpo rating the Tend d'Orcille Mining Co. Head and ordered printed, after which Council adjourned. FUIDAY, Dec. 14.—Mr. Purbank, of committee 011 Claims, to whom had been referred the bill for the relief of K. H. Tucker, Sheriff of l'ierce county, for expenses of the care and custody of Penitentiary convicts, made a report, cutting down verv seriously the claims of the Sheriff. 'l s he report and docu ments were ordered to be printed, ami 011 motion of Mr. Clark, were made the special order for Monday, Dec. Hi, and that Chief Justice O. P. MeFaddenand others be summoned to give evidence in regard to the services of said Sheriff. Several bills and memorials reported from the House were read and referred to appropriate committees. [The Council spent the usual hour in the consideration of divorce bills.] Considerable time was occupied in discussing the "Union Resolution" in troduced by Mr. llubbs, (Mr. Piles in the chair). The Council was lengthily addressed by Messrs. Hnbbs and ISurhauk in sup port of the same—Mr. Dennv opposing. Mr. Clark pithily remarked he was for I'ltrrllnt .* UHUIH 7 " and had noth ing more to say. Mr. Hnbbs gave a history of the Conventions at Baltimore and Charles ton, and many other things for the ed ification of Democrats. We are promised a printed copy of this discussion, by order of the Coun cil, and forbear. * Suffice it to say, 011 the passage of the resolutions, Mr. Denny, (Hep.) was the only one voting against their adoption. These resolves are very eloquent, and would suit a mar ket whore one is used to prate ahout ag gressions upon State sovereignty. But as we rceogni/.e 110 State sovereignty which can subvert the Constitution and the Union, or nullify any law passed by Congress, fflhlai however, as was this secession pill, the Jfrpuhtican Jtrprcucn ftifion in the Council voted NO. Mr. Simm's introduced a memorial relative to eatablishing "Harney De pot," as a Miltary Post.—Then ad journed. SATI UDAY Dec. loth, 1800.—Consid erable House business was road and referred to various Conunittes. (Mr. Denny in the chair.) —Mr.llublw introduced a'llill legalizing the net of J.J. 11. VanHokkelin as County auditor of Jefferson County, from Aug. Ist, to Aug. 15th 18tJ0; under a suspension of the rules, this Bill was read three times and passed. Mr. Ifuhhs—An net to legalize the acts of J. J. 11. Van Jtokkolin, as No tary Public from May 14th, IS.V.t, to April 30th, 1S(>0. Bill read three times under a suspension of the rules, and passed. Mr. Simms—a memorial for a Com missioner to bo ap]N)intcd to treat with tho Xez Perec Indians, for a change in tlic boundaries of the Reservation, tinder a suspensionof rules, thismcmo rial received throe readings and passed unanimously. Mr. Miller, from committee on Fed eral Relations, reported the memorial concerning Harney Depot, recommend its passage. The memorial was read a third time and passed. Council adjourned. Home. THURSDAY, Dec. 13.— Mr. Bozartli, of committee of Ways and Means, reported favorably upon Council Bill providing means tor cleaning and repairing Ter ritorial arms. The said bill having l>cen read a third time, on motion of Mr. Ilyatt it was recommitted, with in structions to report the items for which the appropriation (the sum of $100) was asked. | Mr. Harris, of tlic select committee to wait upon George Gallagher, Esq., and receive his report as Acting 1 Capi tol Commissioner tor IHISO, presented a lengthy communication from that gen tleman, together with the correspon dcnce between said (Commissioner and tlic Governor of Washington Territory. The communication was laid upon the tahle and #OO copies ordered printed. Mr. Ferguson introduced a resolution railing upon Acting Governor McGill tor copies of all the correspondence in liis office relating to the erection of the Capitol. Adopted. Mr. l'hillips—an act amendatory of the Town Charter. This bill reduces the corporation tax to two mills on taxable proi»crty, and road tax to two davs or §4. Mr. II astings—a bill for the creation of the office of Territorial Superintend ent of Common Schools. Mr. Berry—an act to legalize the proceeding* of County School Superin tendent of Thurston county in leasing School Lauds. Mr. Hays—:t usury law, fixing the le gal rate at 10 per cent, per annum, au thorizing special contracts for 12 per cent, ifin writing. Several divorce billseoming up, with strong symptoms of indefinite multi plication, Mr. Hays moved that a spe cial committee of five he appointed, to whom all divorce bills should be refer red. Carried. The Speaker ap|>oiutcd as said com mittee Messrs. Waibass, Van Vleet, Stone of l\its;ip, and Hyatt. On motion of Mr. livatt, Mr. Ilnys was added to said special committee on Divorces. Alter some time spent in tlie consid eration <>f the memorial praying un ap propriation tor a Military Itoad from Olympia cin (Jray's Harbor am) Shoal water Hay, to connect with Military Road from Astoria to Salem, it was read a tliinl time and passed. Council Hill organizing county of Missoula read and referred to commit tee on Comities. The animal reports of the Territorial Auditor and Treasurer were received, laid upon the table and ordered priutcd. Fiu I>AY, Dec. 14.—Mr. Hyatt intro duced a memorial for increased mail facilities to the people of l'uget Sound. This very meritorious memorial, under a suspension of the rules, received its three several readings and passed unan imously. Mr. Howies—a memorial for an ap pointment of ii Supervising Inspector of Steamboats. I'as.sed under a sus pension of the rules. Mr. Ferguson—two local bills. One to appoint officers, and the other to designate the county seat of Klikatat county. Mr. Canuady—a hill to legalize the acts rff'S. W. llabcock and Walters. Mr. Hays—an act to pay Edward Furste for certain services. Mr. Kuth—au act amending tho road law. Mr. Chapman—a ferry charter to Daniel Ladeaux, across the Columbia river. Mr. Cunningham—an not to restrain swine from running at large in Piereo county. Air. Taylor presented tlio ainual re port of (Jay Hayden, Esq., Acting Pen itentiary Commissioner. Council Bill establishing the county of Missoula read u third time uud passed. The usual number of divorce bills were up for consideration. Some two or three were passed, after which the House adjourned. SATURDAY, Dec. 15.—Mr. Hyatt in troduced a memorial for the placing of two steamers U|MUI the waters of Puget Sound for protection against Northern Indians, and the rescue of mariners. The usury law introduced by Judge Hays was read and referred to commit tee on Judiciary. The namo disposition was made of the bill ameuding the town charter of Olympia. Tho bill for relief of Edward Fursto. was referred to a special committee of Messrs. liowlcs, Hays and Foster. Various other bins were read a sec ond time and referred to appropriate committees. Mr. Cline—a memorial for appropri ation to build a Military Road from NO. 0.