OCR Interpretation

Washington standard. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory) 1860-1921, January 05, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022770/1861-01-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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Subscriptiuii Kates:
Per Annum s•'
" .Six Months 2 00
Invariably in Advance.
Advertising Hates:
One Sijunro. imc insertion !?.'! no
Knelt additional insertion 1 no
Itnsiness ('arils. per i|tinricr, 5 on
pk-A" \ liberal deduction will lie inmlo in favor
of those who udvvrlUe four stiunres, or upwards,
liy tin.' year.
Hfrj,! Notices of births. marriages and ileallis in
serted free.
Blanks. Hill Heads. Cards. Hills of Fare.
Circulars. Catalogues, l*:niij>hlets. kite., executed
itt reasonalilc rates.
OKKICK— In Itarncs's Building, corner of Main
nud First Streets, near the .-teaiii'ioat landing.
taT All communications. whether on business
or for publication .-hould lie addressed to the edi
The Birth of Green Erin.
Wid nil eondeseiusliin,
I d turn your attiiishin.
To what 1 would miiishin iv Erin so green,
And widhont hi'sitashin.
I'd show how dliat naysliin.
Became iv cteaysliln the gim ail' the Queen
It happened wan nioriiiii*,
Widhout iny wariiin',
That Vayiins was born in the beautiful say,
And he that same toUin,
(An' share 'twas provokin',)
Her pinions wur soakiu', nud wudn't give play
So Neptune, who knew her.
1> -gaii to piirshuc her,
In ordlier to woo her, the wirked owld Jew 1
An' lie Very nigh taught her
Atop iv the witther,
Great Jiipitlu r's daughter, who cried "Poolaloo!
Itut Jove, til'' jjre.it jayiiiou.i,
I.ook'd down an' saw Vayuus,
An' Xiptune so haynions pur-diuiii' her woild,
So he roared out in tuuilhcr
lle'il tnre liini iisumllier;
An' sure 'tw.is no wondlief fur tnzing liis tltoiltl
So a shtitr tlnit wits fly in'
Ari■ 1111■ 1 hint e»|iyin'.
He (j:t/.i'i| willllll>■ ■ t sijrliin'. an' linrleit it liovlow,
Where it tiimlileil luike winkin',
While Nipt line WHS sinkin',
An' gave him, 1 in thinkin', the brutli iv it blow !
An' cllint shtnr was ilhry lain!,
Until lowland am' liiirlilaixl.
An' furnicil a swute island, the laud iv me liirtli!
Tliilst plain is me tdilury,
'K.isesint down from tflory,
Tliat Krin so hoary 's n heaven upon earth !
Thin Vnynn«jumped natelv
(In Krin so shtately ;
Itut faynteil, k.ise lately so hother'd an' jirifs'd;
Which her nuirh did hewildher,
lint ere it li.ul kill .I li^r.
Her father dishtill'd her n dlirop iv the lii.-ht!
An' dhat glass so vietorious,
ll made her feel glorious,
A little uproarious I fear it luijrht prove.
Ilinee, how ean ye/. Maine us
That Krill's so favmous
For beauty, an' murther, an' whUlikcr, nn love?
effect of music upon the sick has heen
scarcely at all noticed. In fact, its ex
pensiveness, as it is now, makes tiny
general application of it out of the ques
tion. I will only remark here, that
wind instrument's, including the hu
man voice, and stringed instruments,
capable of continuous sound, have gen
erally st beneficial effect—while the
pianoforte, with such instruments us
have no continuity of sound, has just
the reverse. The finest pianoforte
playing will annoy the sick, while an
air "like " Nome, Sweet Ilome," or "As
sisa n pie d un salice," on the most or
dinary grinding organ, will sensibly
soothe them—and this quite indepen
dent of association.— Misn Nightingale.
A TIIAVKLKH says if he were asked to
describe the first" sensations of n camel
ride he would say: "Take a music stool,
and having wound it up as high as it
would go, put it in a cart without springs
and next drive the cart 2—lo over a
cause-way forcibly reminding you of
tearing corduroys into Fourth of July
Orations, and you will then form some
notion ofthe terror and uncertainty you
would experience the first time you
mounted a camel."
ftf2T A bachelor's face, says Prentice,
is often the worse for wear—a married
one's for wear and tear. Hut Prentice
jttones to the ladies when he says, "next
to God we are indebted to women, first
for life itself, and then for making it
worth having."
(6®" The richest man in Great. I)rit
aiu is the Marquis of Westminster,
whose annual income is about seven
millions of dollars.
"We see," said Swift, "what
<!"il 11 ■ inks of riches bv the people to
whom he gives them".
< »<•«»!» ion TIIE SPIN ST!'. nn.—Xo man
c in live piously, or die righteously, with
out u wife—Kit-liter.
tf-ZT" The linu'M friends ask thefvw
Si'iuxci-iian, 1 1.1.., Nov. 20, 185(5.
The jubilee at Lincoln's house, in
honor of his elevation, is one of the
most splendid demonstrations of the
campaign. Large crowds of strangers
arrived on the trains. Springfield to
night is a perfect blaze of light. A
large "Wide-Awake procession, alter
parading through the principal streets,
drew lip in front of Mr. Lincoln's
house, where an immense crowd had
already assembled. Loud calls being
made for him, he appeared in the door
and was greeted witli long and contin
ued cheers. When they at last ceased,
he spoke as follows:
l'lease excuse me on this occasion from
making a speech. I thank vou for the
kindness and compliment of tliis call.
I thank you, in common with all others
who have thought fit, by their votes, to
endorse the Republican cause. (Ap
plause.) I rejoice with you in the suc
cess which has so far attended the
cause. (Applause.) Yet in all our re
joicings let us neither express nor cher
ish any harsh feelings toward any citi
zen, who by bis vote lias differed wiflt
us. (Loud cheering.) Let us at all
times remember that all American citi
zens are brothers of a common coun
try, and should dwell together in bonds
of fraternal lccling. (Immense ap
plause.) Let me again beg of you to
accept my thanks, and to excuse me
from further speaking at this time.
The speech called forth the most un
bounded enthusiasm, and numerous
calls of "good," "that's right," &c.;
and at the conclusion cheers were given
for Mr. Lincoln, Mrs. Lincoln, Mr.
Yates, &c. The crowd then adjourned
to the wigwam, when Senator Trum
bull delivered the following speech:
FKI.I.OW CITIZENS : It is moot that
Republicans should make iiioirv and
ho triad, for tiio spirit of lihorty which
with our rulors was dead, isalivo again,
andthoConstitiition, ordainod tosooiiro
its blessings, is found. In view of the
recent political triumphs, Illinois Re
puhlicans havo special reasons for con
gratulation in common with their polit
ical •brethren throughout the I'nion.
They rejoice in the general result
which seen res to the country a Republi
can President, who, we trust, and be
lieve, is to bring hack the government
to the policy of the fathers, and thereby
restore the fraternal feeling which ox
isted-bolwcon the different sections of
the country in the purer and better
days of the republic. In addition to
this they have the satisfaction of hav
ing secured a Republican Legislature,
and thereby a Republican United States
Senator, and the } tower to enact the
necessary laws to prevent, illegal voting,
and to give to every part of the State
according to population its proportion
ate share in the legislation of the State.
And more than this, we Illinoisians
have special reasons to rejoice in the
fact that the standard bearer in the great
political contest, who has led the Rcimb
lican hosts to victory, our is own fellow
citizen, the pure, incorruptible, patri
otic ami talented Lincoln, than whom
the Constitution inall its parts has not a
more faithful supporter, nor the Union
an abler defender.
But while we rejoice over a victory so
complete, let. it not be by way of tri
umph over political opponents, for we
are all, by whatever name called, breth
ren of a common country, and inter
ested alike, in so guiding the ship of
State through the boisterous waves of
these tempestuous times as to bring it
to a haven of peace and safety, leath
er let us rejoice over the success of the
principles we advocate, the maintain
, anco of which we believe essential to
| the preservation of our free institu
! tions and the perpetuity of constitution
al liberty. >lr. Lincoln, although the
candidate of the Republican party, as
Chief Magistrate, will neither belong
to that or any other party. When in
augarated he will. In', President of the
country, and I donht no/ trill he as ready
to defend awl protect the State in which he
■ ho* not recriml a solitary rote against
una encroachment upon its constitutional
1 rights, as the one in which he has revet red
the largest majority. While they, by
whose votes he has been designated as
Chief Magistrate of the republic, will
expect him to maintain and carry for
ward the principles upon which he was
elected, they know that in doing so, no
encroachment will he made upon the
reserved rights of any of the States ;
they know that the federal government
is one of delegated powers; that it
it nan do nothingexcepttheautliority for
the Act can he found in the instrument
which created it, and that all pawers
not conferred aro reserved to the States
or the people of the States. Hence,;
when ir n ,, l' t '' , al o/tpnncni"ch'irffi'il then) '
ii'illi abolitionism, or altrdmti >1 to them a
<lt tire to inter/arc with slarery i the St<ih
as some/(unities have insisted thei/ om/ht
to (to, the rcjj/i/ has inrariabh/ been that
the 2>eo/>te who made the Federal Govern
ment did not think proper to confer oil
it such authority, and it has therefore no
more, ru/ht to meddle with slarery in a
State than it has to interfere with serf
dom in Jltissia. Xor are the people
of the non-slaveholding States in any
way responsible for slavery in the States
which tolerate it, because as to that ques
tion they are as foreign to each other
as independent governments.
I have labored in ami for the
lican organization witli outi lU* confi
dence that whenever it should bo in
power, each am! all of the {States would
be left in as complete control of their
own affairs respectively, and at as per
fect liberty to choose and employ their
own means of protecting property and
preserving peace an<l order within their
respective limits, as they have ever
been under any administration. Those
who have voted for -Mr. Lincoln have
expected and still expect this, and they
would not have voted for him had they
expected otherwise. 1 regard it as ex
tremely fortunate lor the peace of the
whole country that this point, upon
which the Rep iblicans have been so
long and so persistently misrepresent
ed, is now to be brought to a practical
test and placed beyond the possibility
of doubt. It should be a matter of
rejoicing with all true Republicans
that they will now have an opportu
nity of demonstrating to their political
adversaries and the world, that they are
nut fur iiih i ll I'IIII/ ii'illi l/n' doutenftc insti
tutions of <llll/ of the Shift s, It'll' the tide u-
When this is shown a reaction will
surely take place in favor of Republi
canism. The Southern mind even will
be satisfied, the rights of Northern
men will be respected, and the frater
nal feeling existing in olden times,
when men from al! parts of the country
went forth together to battle for a com
mon cause against a common enemy,
will be restored. Disunionists per se,
ot whom, unfortunately, there have
been a few in the country for some
years, understand this; and are now in
hot haste to get out of the I'nion, pre
cisely because they perceive they can
not much longer maintain an appre
hension among the Southern people
that their homes and firesides and lives
are to be endangered by the action of
the federal government. With such,
"now or never" is their maxim, and
hence they seek to inflame the public
mind, by misrepresenting the objects
and purposes of the Republican party,
with the hope of precipitating the
Southern States into a position from
which they cannot, without dishonor,
afterwards recede, well knowing that if
they delay until after the new udminis
trat ion is inaugurated and tested, it will
furnish no cause for their complaint.
Secession is an impracticability, or
rather an impossibility. Tltc Constitution
pror tiles no tray hy which a State may
irilhtlrair from the I'nion—mi tray for
the dissolution of the (furemment it cre
ates. The General Government inter
feres hut little with the individual rights
of the citizens, except for protection.
It is chiefly felt in its benefits and its
blessings, not in its exactions.
If every Federal officer in South
Carolina were to resign, their offices
remain vacant, and its Legislature de
clare the State out of the Union, it
would all amount to little, except to
ineonvenicnco the citizens of that
State; so long as the State did not in
terfere with tlio collection of revenue
on the seaboard, tho people in other
portions of the Union would not bo in
the least incommoded. What is the
South Carolina army to do when raised ?
Whom is it to light ? Manifestly, if it
commences a war on the United Staites
officers "engaged in collecting the reve
nue, it becomes the aggressor. This
would be revolution, and making war
without a cause, for South Carolina
makes no complaint against the pres
ent revenue laws. Is she prepared to
thus become the aggressor? The only
use I can see for her Minute Men is
that they will enable the people the
more readily to suppress any uprising
in their midst which their misrepresen
tations of the purposes of tho Itepuh
licans may have encouraged. She
complains that the Fugitive Slave Law
is not executed in somo of the States.
Thin, if trite, the whole, country knows to
be a sham: for so far as South Carolina
is concerned, she is so situated that no
stave can escape from her limits into free
States. However much cause the bor
der slave States may have to com
plain of the escape of their negroes
into the free States, it is clear South
Carolina can have no such complaint.
In her resolves she professes to be pre
paring to defend herself against en
croachments on her rights. Let her
adhere to this policy, and not attempt
to dictate to other States what they
shall do, and no collision will occur,
for no encroachment will be made.
The disunion fouling in the South
is doubtless greatly exaggerated. A
sort of terrorism seems to prevail in
some places, which tor the time appears
to lu»v«» crushed out any manifestations
of I'nion sentiment; but as the causes
for tlii-s excitement are all imaginary,
the election of a Republican President
in the constitutional mode certainly
affords no excuse. It is reasonable to
suppose that a reaction will soon take
place among Southern peoplo them
selves, which will overthrow the disun
ionists at home. It is a great mistake
to class the supporters of Mr. Breckin
ridge as disuuionists. His supporters,
as a class, are, I doubt not, as sincerely
attached to the Union as manv of those
who, for political purposes, during the
recent excited contest, sought to fasten
on them the stigma of disunion.
Should the conservative and Union
men in any particular locality be unable
to cope with their adversaries, and
South Carolina or any other State, un
der the lead of nullitiers and disuniou
i-<ts, who have for years been seeking a
pretext for breaking up the Govern
ment, plunge into rebellion, and with
out cause aSsail bv force of arms the
constitutional authorities of the Union,
there will he but one sentiment among
the great mass of the people of all
parties : "TilK Uxiox— lT MIST AX it
SHAM. IT 10 I'ItKSKKVKD," and woo to the
traitors who are marshaled against it!
Should any Republican inquire what
has been gained by the triumph of Re
publicanism, J answer much. We have
gained a decision of the people in favor
Pacific Railroad ; a Homestead policy:
a judicious tariff; the admission into the
I'nion of Kansas as a Free State; a
reform in the financial department of
Government; and, more important
than all, the verdict of the people—the
source vt power—that the Constitution
is not a slavery extending instrument.
No more Dred Scott decisions will now
be made. Freemen, both of the North
anil South, will hereafter be protected
in all their Constitutional rights. The
policy of the Government, as of old,
wil! set in favor of freedom, and not for
the supremacy of slavery, as has been
the case for the hist six years. Free
dom will henceforth be the law of the
Territories, because the people, in their
majesty, have so ordered, und neither
Courts nor Congresses will be able to
thwart their will.
Wheu full effect shall have been
given to all these great measures of the
Itcpuhlican party, and the prejudices
engendered against it iu the minds of
many, by the artful appeals of dema
gogues who have misrepresented its
objects, shall have been removed by
actual knowledge of its acts, we may
expect the bitterness of party spirit to
subside, the cry of disunion to be
hushed, and the principles of Republi
canism to become the permanent pol
icy ot the Government, under which it
will flourish and prosper, I trust, forever.
After Senator Trumbull, speeches
were made by Governor Yates, Don
Piatt, of Ohio, Judge Palmer and oth
ers. A magnificent display oi lire
works closed the jubilee.
An Amuaing Curtain Lecture.
Been out all night again. I'd like
to know where you keep yourself till
this time in the morning. It's not ten
minutes since the clock struck lour.
You didn't hear it! No, of course you
didn't. You wouldn't hear the last
trump —the noise would have to travel
through an acre or two of German beer
before it would get to your hearing.
Had to go among your German friends?
Had to go? I'cflike to know how you
had to go? Some folks are dreadful
willing to "had" to go. Yes, I know
it's coming on election times; that's a
good excuse to get awav from your fam
ily ami home. I wish there was lit)
election iu tl ic whole count ry—i t would
be much better off il It hadn't any.
What did you do all night long? Who
diil vou elect? What did you see?
Tl lea'tro and dance? Now, turn over
here. () Lord, am lin the honyard or
distillery, or where am I? What have
you got' outside of you ? Didn't drink
tijo much ! You must have got into a
beer barrel, then, for it's coming out all
over you, and how it smells. You
danced, oh! You must have cut a
pretty figure; guess itwas a lager reel.
Do you think I'll stand this going off
to a dance at night? Who did you
dance with ? I'll bet she was as homely
as a pumpkin with two poles in it.
Look- here, you needn't pretend to
sleep; I want to have a little domestic
conversation with you. I amyour bet
ter half, aud your bettet half proposes
to discuss matters a little; Late ? How
do you know it is late? ft is earlv
enough to give you a bit of my mind.
Tonguey! Yes, I am' tongey. Tlitit's
part of woman's prerogative, and I'm
going to use some of it 011 yotti, Let
you alone! Did you say that to' the
girl that you danced with? Ob, 110!
Nothing of the sort; it was, 44 Miss,
shall I have the pleasure of vour beau
tiful person for the next cotillionl
wish I could see her; I'd take the beau
tiful out of her with a jerk. Can get
110 peace! Yes, you can get plenty
of it—go to thetheatre; go eletjionecr
ing: dance with the Dutch girls till
morning, nud come home and I'll
give you a piece of my mind. Don't
dear me, I'll be dcarenough if you don't
reform your where are you going?
To get into another bed! Not exactly;
this has been large enough heretofore,
and has not grown any smaller lately.
You danced, did you ? I'd like to see
you dance with me. Oh, I'm too old,
I suppose. I ain't too old to give you
fits. I declare, the man's asleep!
Mineral Oils.
The American Gas-liyld Journal, thus
interestingly discourses, on the subject
of those hydro-carbonaceous products
known as Petroleum or coal oils.:
The geological position of the rocks
yielding petroleum, is often in the coal
measures, and although the chemical
processes by which it is produced are
little known, it is undoubtedly of veg
etable origin. The precise nature of
the methods of its generation is envel
oped in mystery. M. Uarouler's exper
iments, recorded in the Comptes lien
das for February 15, 18.>8, are intcrat
ing in themselves, and peculiarly so as
throwing light upon some of those
hidden processes in the great laboratory
of Nature, by which liquid ami gaseous
hydro-carbons are produced beneath
the surface of the earth. lly some wri
ters the changes are supposed to be due
to fermentation only, while others as
cribe them to processes of distillation
by heated vapor.
The oil of Pennsylvania, which lias
lately caused so much excitement, diff
ers in some important respects from
ordinary varieties of Petroleum. Its
chemical composition appears to be al
most entirely identical with that of coal
gas. This oil is of a brownish-green
color, and had a strong bituminous
odor. When exposed to the air, it
docs not thicken or skin over, ami it
can easily be poured from a bottle when
cooled to the temperature of 15° below
zero. Its density has been stated at
.81*2 t0.882, and though its boiling point
is very high, a vapor begins to come
over at about 220°. As atmospheric
action does not cause this oil to tlnckeu,
or grow hard and resinous like mineral
pitch or bitumen, the surface of the
ground near the springs lias no crust or
deposit such as is usually found else
where in the neighborhood of tho Pe
troleum Springs. Its lubricating and
illuminating properties are so great
that the large quantity which is at prcs
ent being pumped from tho numerous
wells, cannot fail to contribute greatly
to develop the resources and to increase
the material prosperity of the district
in which it has been discovered.
Mineral oils are observed in tn a no
places to issue from the earth, ami often
in considerable abundance. In Persia,
on the north-west side of the Caspian
Sea, near Baku, extensive beds of marl
are found saturated to such an extent,
that when wells are sunk to the depth
of about ten yards, large quantities of
naptha and water collect which are
easily evaporated. In some parts ot
that district, so much combustible gas
or vapor rises from the ground, that
when set on fire, it continues burning,
and even affords heat for economical
purposes. A considerable quantity of
an impure variety of petroleum is ex
ported from Burmali, in the East In
dies. The country consists of a sandy
clay, resting on a series of alternate
strata of sandstone and shale. Beneath
this reste a bed of pale blue shale, rich
in petroleum, which lies immediately
on coal. Petroleum springs have nlso
been found iu the coal districts of
Shropshire and Derbyshire, In England.
The sea near the Cape de Verd Islands
has becu often seen covered by a tiltn
of rock oil. The finest specimens,
however, are said to be obtained in It
aly, where petroleum is found in sev*
eral places.
The discovery of mineral oil is bv no
means of modern date, for in various
part* of the world springs of bitumi
nous fluid have been discovered in
times very remote from our own. llc-
rodotus, for example, mentions the
wells of Zakunthos, the modern island
of Zante, from which bitumen is at
flic present day obtained. Plutarch, in
his account of the expedition of Alex
ander the G'Vetrt?, graphically describes
the awe inspired bv the spectacle of a
"gulf of tire which l steamed continu
ally," near Ecbatana, the modern Ilam
adau.- This historian also describes "a
flood of inflammable fluid, which issued
from variouk gpvftigs, formed a lake,"
near the burning gulf, and' records the
tact that " tlie inhaliitants of the neigh
borhood exhibited to the king the force
and subtilty of its nature by scattering
some drops of it hi the street lending to
his lodgings, standing at one end in
the darkness of the night, they then
applied their torches to some*of the
first drops; and; the street became in
stantaneously all on fire.
Similar fact's are recorded by other an
cient writer»;aiid it is far from' improba
ble that the perpetual fires of some of
the celebrated pagan shrines of the an
cient world had their origin in springs
of petroleum, or in jets of inllammable
gas accidentally discovered,and in accor
dance with the superstitions views of
Eastern nations.iuvcsted with the attrib
utes,and ascribed to the special presence
of some presiding deity.
Protection to Immigrants.
The following extract from a letter of
Col. Wright, Commander of the Pa
cific Division, to Gov. Whiteaker, of
Oregon, indicates the policy to be pur
sued towards the Indians engaged in
the recent massacre of immigrants :
Unfortunate a* is the event of this
massacre, and calculated a's it is to'
check immigration, I am confident in
the belief that during the coining sea
son no similar disaster can befall an
immigrant party, provided the author
ities at the Kast will adopt the meas
ures we have suggested, and furnish
me necessary means to carry tlrem into
execution. I transcribe in this connec
tion the following extract from my re
port to the Head Quarters of the Army
of the 10th hist.
" Tlicy (the Snakes) liavo ever been'
n source of an novo nee from tlieir thiev
ing propensities ami their habits of lurk
ing around immigrant parties, and with
other hands of In liaus, to stu.il ani
mals, cutting off small parties or indi
viduals straying from their companies.
They have rarely attacked troops. * *
Every new success iu a scheme of plun
der, and murder if necessary to thatcnd r
of course emboldens them to a certain'
extent, but I do not see that any new
source of danger is to arise from tlresw
Indians. * * All that can be done now
[certainly this winter] is to elwistise
them as we may. * ♦ AVell organised
parties of immigrants who will keep to
gether, march, camp, and guaid their'
animals as "military expeditions must
necessarily do, an reach'his country in
safety, but this we cannot expect. If
they start m large l>odies, tliey soon
break into fragments, ami hence as they
approach this country they readily fall
a prey to any wandering baud of Indi
ans. From the nature and extent of
the country through which these im
migrants have to pass, it will be some
years before they can do so without
military escorts, stationary posts
alone will not nccom|Jish the end* A
liostlhasbeen recommended and ordered
>y tlie Secretary of War to be placed
in the Boise region. It will be service
able for various reason*, but will not
dispense with the necessity of moving
columns. TCoops must travel with the
immigration from the time of their leav
ing the Salt Lake country until they
reach the settlements. If it were an
nounced that military escorts would
leavo Utah about the loth of July and
15th of August and loth of September,
it is believed that all Who desired it
could easily avail themselves of such op
portunities to travel in safety, and thus
the yearly immigration be perfectly pro
tected. * * I suggest, as the country
in the Boise region is almost entirely
without resources, that $1 ">O,OOO at
least, be included in the Quartermaster
Department for building a post of five
companies there. The transportation
of rations, supplies, &<_>., must bo like
wise increased should a post be estab
lished. Estimates in form will be sub
mitted in due course."
I may here observe that steps for the
establishment of a post at Boise were
deferred by the late commander of till*
department until the result of certain
explorations was ascertained, with the
approval of the Secretary of War. Xo
appropriation for building a powt there,
however, passed last winter.
Troops will be sent into the field
against the Suakcs early in the Spring
and will be prepared to carry on tho
war vigorously.
In conclusion, I have to as lire yort
NO. 8,

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