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Washington standard. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory) 1860-1921, January 12, 1861, Image 1

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"wm Standard.
VOL. I.
THE VISIIHTII ST Willi I).
—IS ISSUKII KVKUV SATI'UDAV MOIININO IIY—
JOHN M. MURPHY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Subscription Kates:
Pit Annum 00
" .Six Months * 0<)
Invariably in Advance.
.idterlislng Itatcn:
One Square, one insertion 00
Kneli additional insertion 1 00
Business Cards, |>er quarter, 5 00
A liberal deduction will lie made in favor
of those who advertise four squares, or upwards,
by the year.
gsjjp Notices of births. marriages and deaths in
verted free.
Wanks, Hill Heads, Cards, Mills ot Fare,
Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, &c., executed
at reasonable rates.
Urni'i: —In Barnes's Building. corner of Main
nn<l First Streets, near the steamboat landing.
gsdjy-All communications, whether on business
or for publication should be addressed to the cdi
itirofthe WASHINGTON STANDARD.
New Year's Calls.
Some cynic, who has probably been ''out call
in"" on New Year's i)av and not .'iv/.V'/ exactly to
his liking, '-lets himself oil"' u= follows :
'Tis New Year's Day. 'ti* New Year's Calls—
The tiunkev's time has come:
And some arc rushing round for smiles, '
Some reeling round for nun :
Each parlor changed to a salo..n,
With glass and ware arrayed.
Knell loaded board becomes free lunch,
Each hostess a bar maid.
'Tis funny just to walk around
And quiz the ru.-hiiiu mats,
And soo aristocratic floors
Receive each fawning
To sec c.ich gourmand and each sot,
Whirl wild along tin; street,
And note ho-.v aristocracy
And plebianisni meet.
At every door a crowd g"i«; in,
Or leaves—from one to seven —
Kqualily is king to-dav.
Karth dares a spire,. to Heaven.
The rowdy and the flunkey call
Where they never called before,
And if they should h -realtor, wou'.d
Be booted from tliL' door.
But all to-day arc welcomed, for
Knell dame desires to say
And boast hereafter of the ' alls
She had on New Year's D.iv.
Oh ! it is not the quality,
The number is tin- tiling.
Kadi counts fir oil", tli • suob or clown,
Kqiiality is king.
Kncli parlor's made n ry
Of cocktails iiml free lunches,
Kuril board ii li.ir. each wi~li n gulp
Of colli rum i>r 'ii.il punches.
Gin. whisky, julep-. b-unily straight*,
Usurp tin? soul's e!i\:r.
Anil ivoniaiih.Mijjlc.-cendi to bo
A strychnine Tti|iiormi\er.
Julm Ilarlcycnru isetn;i mr.
Allegiance is IN I'IIIMIO.
Till friendship. TIC" 11- y und love.
Anil sen ;c nrc ••nil a mud l!
Now out mi such n low übiue
Of New Ve ir ! since it inu.it come.
Why greet it with n friend's embrace,
Hut not this g-.t//.ling custom.
Waifs.
jfjy ,\ .Superintendent was catechising a Sab-
Initli Silinol. when he took occiisioli to remark that
« tree was known by its fruits, itnd that no one
would expect apples from :i pine tree.
** Yes tln:v would !" exclaimed on incipient
#prig of Vuiing America on a back -eil.
"Indeed!" replied the surprised Superinten
dent, •• what kind of applet my son ?
" Pine-tipples !" vociferated Young America tit
Hie top of his voice.
g/rff" A physician passing a marble worker's
one morning bawled out to him :
" Good morning. MM \V„ hard nt work, I sec.
You finish your monument lis far as ' In memory
of, mid then you wait, I suppose, toseewho wants
monument next
'• Why, yes," replied lb- old man. resting upon
liis mallet, 11 unless somebody is sick, and you
tire doctoring Mm—then 1 keep right on !
\ coteinporary describing a dance in ti
rountry village in Ills neighborhood, said : '• The
gorgeous strings of glass beads glistened on the
licaving bosoms of the village belles, like rubies
resting on the delicate surface of ti warm apple
dumpling.
_\ fpw years ago the ladies wore a kind of
hood called 4 * Kiss-ioe-if-you-dare. A later stile
<if bonnet might he called with equal propriety,
" Kiss-me-if-yon-want-to."
JBSf" People who always talk sentiment have
usually no very deep feelings. The less water you
hive in » k"ttle. the sooner it begins to make n
noise and smoke.
WP sec there is a Denio-Tatic Association in
Plorida calling themselves "The Tads." 1U
wonder, says Prentice, if they raised n Tadpole ?
tStjJ" It has been a matter of dispute as to the
time of day when Adam was created. It is now
decided that it was a little before Eve.
BfriJf* The wise man is humbled by a sense of his
own inlirmities ; the fool is lifted by those which
he discovers in other'.
Surely it is a blessed privilege to be kissed
by the breeze that has kissed all the pretty girls in
the world.
ti-jy* - It is extraordinary how many defects we
cin see in a friond uficr we have quarreled with
liim.
yiy* The only persons who are always dignified
ate those who are always dull.
BUj. The eye r f n m i -ler v. ill do more work
th-«b'.th ol hi- b ; id-.
OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, JANUARY 12,1861.
The Upper Columbia Gold Region.
We take the liberty of adopting as a
basis for this article, the recent inter
esting "notes on the valley of the Up
per Columbia River," in the Attn Coli
fornia, with but very trivial alterations
and amendments:
" We have been permitted to see a pri
vate letter of Mr. S. Mattinglv, now
residing at Clickatat Prairie, in Wash
ington Territory, near the Dalles, on
the Columbia River, to a friend here.
In this letter he gives some interesting
information about the Valley of the
Columbia, and we shall make a couple
of articles from its substance. r l he
prairie lies north of the Dalles, about
two hundred miles from the ocean
along the course of the Columbia river.
The scenery is beautiful, and the valley,
covered with grass and bare of trees
except along its borders and near
streams, is gently undulatingiu its sur
face. The timber is mainly pine, fir
and oak. Numerous springs rise in it.
and supply water to never-failing rivu
lets. The herbage is chiefly of that
species known as " bunch grass," one
of the most nutritious and palatable, to
cattle, of all the grasses. The soil is a
warm, light sand, and will ptobablv
produce good crops of wheat, oats, liar
ley and potatoes, but the settlers in the
valley occupy themselves chietly yitli
stock-raising, and have never given the
soil an opportunity to prove what its
capabilities for farming are. The grass,
the rivulets, the belts of trees'crossing
the valley in every direction, the sur
rounding hills and the distant moun
tains, with several peaks covered with
eternal snow, make the view very
pleasant.
To the southwest is Mount Ilood, said
to bo IS,OOO feet high, and higher than
anv other peak in the I nited States.
In the northwest appears Mount Adams
and Mount Rainier, in the west, Mount
St. Helen's, all of which are as white
as milk to their very bases, though St.
Helen's is still a volcano—as sill the
others once were—but she gives no sign
of fire in her bosom, save by sending
up a thin little cloud of while steam
like smoke, which the passing traveler,
uninformed of the character <>l the
peak, seeing it but once, standing, in a
clear, still dav, over the mountain like
a funnel, might consider to be singu
lar, without supposing it to be from a
volcano.
A remarkable feature (if the l'|»|»or
Columbia Valley is Chelan Lalco. be
tween tlio Cascade Mountains ami the
Columbia River, about latitude -IS\
Then. 1 is some very fiili ami beautiful
land about this lake, with a fertile soil,
abundant grass, a healthy elinuite. and
just enough timber for the convenience
ot settlers. The lake runs far into the
Cascade Mountains, but at a low level,
so that it nearly cuts through the
range. * * * * * * The lake is nav
igable throughout its length for the
largest ship that floats, but its outlet,
connecting it with the Columbia, is not
navigable for any craft, because it tails
two hundred and fifty feet in two miles."
The Indians say they can juidt L
from the head to the foot of the lake
in three days. Lieut. .Duncan, in the
Report of the Northern Pacific K. R.
survey, estimates its length at thirty
four or thirty-five miles ; pays that the
water in it is perfectly stdl. We were
informed sometime ago, by an entirely
reliable gentleman, who was unable to
cross at the ferry at the southeast end,
(the point crossed in traveling to the
mines from the Dalles,) that he was
obliged to go all around it. 1 lis esti
mate, was not to exceed thirty miles in
length. The information in regard to
its length, direction, extent is
conflicting, but a bill has recently passed
our Legislature, for the establishment
of a ferry there, so we hope this im
portant feature cannot long remain
undeveloped. In this connection we
may state, we shall be happy to learn
froin any of our readers, any particu
lars touching the topography &c., of
Lake Clielan.
" The mines of Rock Creek and Ket
tle River, in the valley of the Upper
Columbia, are highly spoken of. Rock
Creek is about 300 miles distant from
the Dalles, in a northward direction.
It is a tributary of Kettle River, which
empties into the Columbia near Fort
Colville. Boundary Creek is another
tributary of Kettle River, and has some
rich bar*, where some mipera are now
at work, but there is room for five times
as many. All the country in this vicin
ity is auriferous, but it has not been
prospected save along a portion of the
streams named ; but the paying bars
already found, contain much dirt that
has not yet been washed. The amount
made per hand per day varies, of course,
as in all mines; but the wages for good
laborers is four dollars per day. There
have been cases where men have made
more than SIOO a day with a rocker-
Two men working with a rocker aver
aged §3(5 a day each, for ten consecutive
days. Mr. -\i. has three acquaintances
who have worked with one another for
over two months, and they told him
that the lowest day's work was B*4 18
each, and the highest was sl7 60.
They were mining on Boundary Creek,
part of which is in British Columbia.
A nugget worth £3OO was found a few
weeks since on Rock Creek, which is
entirely in British Columbia. All the
other auriferous branches of Kettle
River are in Washington Territory.
Kettle River itself is about as large as
Feather River. Much mining will be
done on this stream and its tributaries
next year. There is good grass and
rich soil in the basin of Kettle River.
Due thousand persons are wintering in
the Rock Creek mines. The Wenatchee
is a small tributary of the Columbia,
rising in the Cascade mountains, near
the Sno<|Ualinie I'ass and running east
ward. It has long been known to have
some rich diggings in its bars and ra
vines. Twenty-live miners winter
there. Flour is worth from 20 to 23
cents per pound, fresh beef from 1- to
13 cents."
J. L. Fcrgivon, Esq., member of
the House of Representatives of this
Territory, from the Counties of Clwka
tat and Skamania, furnishes the follow
ing information, for the benefit of per
sons travelling to that region ria Co
lumbia River and the Dalles:
l'y Steamboat, Portland to Koekland
opposite tin- Dalles, 117 miles, thence
t<» Fort Simooo I>v military road, <>.">
mill's, to At-ah-nim crook at tin* ru
ins of J'aiulozv's Mission 10 miles,
(sometimes railed Mission Crook) l<>
miles to ('liv-woe chess. miles to tie.'
Nah-ohoss River. miles to the We
nass. 1(1 miles to Canyon oreek, K miles
to the oro sin/; of the Yaki-ma four
miles below Kio-o-tas, thence 2~> miles
to the Columbia River. 1" miles njithe
river to the crossing of month of Wc
natoh-cc, 17 miles to Etty-on-co crook,
20 miles to the Firry on Lake Chelan.
i"> miles to the Mot-how, -0 miles to
Okinagane Kiver, •!"> miles to the
Forks, month of Similka-moen, ami IS
miles to l{oek Crock. Water ami grass
abundant the entire route.
The ahove Road can he traveled
from the tirst day of May to the first of
November without the slightest diili
eulty. Mr. Forijuson recommends for
the remainder ol the year, taking what
is known as the White IJlutf Route,
that is pa wing through the Canyon in
the Simeoe and Xeanainio mountains
and cross the Columbia at White Bluff
thence through the Grand Coulee, re
crossing the Columbia River at Fort
Okinagan. A portion of the above
route is the same for persons going to
the mines bv either of the various
pusses through the Cascade mountains.
Front Seattle by Snoqualmic I'ass, the
itinerary would l>>', following the Sno
qtialmie trail down the Yakima some
20 miles, thence easterly to the Wena
chee, at the forks about 2f» miles above
its mouth, thence to Etty-en-co creek,
down which creek some six miles to
the Columbia Kiver. Other routes by
the Passes of the Cascade Mountains
are favorably known, and will be devel
oped in a future article.
Miss MAUTIXF.AU ON CIUXOMNK.—
The following very sensible remarks,
from the pen of Miss Martincau, we
take from a Loudon paper:
" Po the petticoats of our time serve
as any thing but a mask to the human
form—a perversion of human propor
tion ? A woman on a sofa looks like
a child popping up front a haycock. A
girl in the dance looks like the Dutch
tumbler that was a favorite toy in my
infancy. The feat is so the reverse of
accurate, as to be like a silly hoax—a
masquerade without wit; while, at the
same time that it is not an easy tit. The
prodigious weight of the modern petti
coat, and the difficulty of getting it all
in at the waistband, creates a necessity
for compressing and loading the waist
in a way most injuriousto health. Un
der a rational method of dress the waist
should suffer neither weight nor pres
sure—nothing more than the girdle
which brings the garment into form and
folds. As to the convenience of the
hooped skirts, only ask the women
themselves, who are always in danger
from fire, or wind, or water, or carriage
wheels, or rails, or pails, or nails, or, in
short, everything they encounter. Ask
the husbands, fathers or brothers, and
hear how they like being cut with the
steel frame when they enter a gate with
a lady, or being driven into a corner of
the pew at. church, or to the outside of
of the coach for want of room."
Letters in the United States, per half
ounce, (fractions same) not over 8000
miles, three cents, prepaid ; over 8000
miles, ten cents. Letters dropped for
delivery, one cent prepaid. Advertised
letters, one cent extra. To or from the
Provinces, not over 3000 miles from
the line, ten cents per half ounce; over
{sooo miles, fifteen cents, prepaid ornot.
Transient Newspapers, periodicals,
unsealed circulars, or other articles of
printed matter, not exceeding three
ounces in weight, to any part of the
I nited States, one cent, prepaid; each
additional ounce or fraction of an ounce,
one cent.
Regular Newspapers or periodicals,
paid yearly or quarterly in advance,
when circulated in the State where pub
lished, not weighing over one and a
half ounces, one quarter cent; over
one and a half and not over three ounces,
one half cent; every additional ounce or
fraction of :m ounce, one half cent.
When circulated out of the State, all
weighing three ounces or less, half a
cent, every additional ounce or fraction
of an ounce, half a cent.
Weekly Newspapers within the coun
ty where published, single copy free
to each subscriber. Periodicals, monthly
or oftcncr, and pamphlets not contain
ing m hv than sixteen Bvo pages, in sin
gle packages of not less than eight
ounces to one address, prepaid by
stamps only, half a cent on each ounce;
fractions same.
Books', not weighing over four lbs.,
one cent p 'roz., under 3000 miles, over
80(1 miles two cents peroz., prepaid.
Newspapers, or regular or transient
periodicals, pamphlets, and all printed
matter to the British provinces in North
America, same rates as in the United
States, and must be prepaid.
l'uhlishers of Newspapers and peri
odicals may send to each actual subscri
ber, enclosed in their publications, bills
and receipts for the same, free.
All ]<>• iuk<l witter must be mailed
either without cover, or so enveloped
that a portion tnav be open for inspec
tion.
Newspapers to Great Britain or Ire
land, two cents each, payable in the
I'nited States.
Periodicals and pamphlets, not over
two oiim-os, two cents each, and lour
. flits for each extra ounce, payable in
ilie I niti'd States; and same postage is
payable in the United Kingdom, except
inir that for the third ounce it rises to
MNpriii-o, and eaeh extra ounce two
peiiee.
England. Ireland, Scotland and Wales
i wenty-fotir cents, prepayment optional.
France, fifteen cents. Holland and
Belgium, twenty-one rents, prepay
ment optional. Canada, New Bruns
wick, Cape Breton, Prince Edward's
Island, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland,
all ten cents, prepayment optional. On
newspapers and periodicals, the postage
niiift he prepaid. Aspinwall, Cuha,
Mexico and Panama, ten cents, if dis
tance front mailing otHce does not ex
ceed 2«>"0 miles, and 'JO cents where
the distance exceeds 2500 miles, pre
payment required. British West In
dies, &c., ten cents, prepayment re
quired. West India Islands, (British)
except Cuba, thirty-four cents, prepay
ment required. Equador, Bolivia,
Chili, thirty-four cents, newspapers six
cent'?. This is the United States and
foreign postage, and must he prepaid.
Peru, United States and foreign post
age, twenty-two cents, newspapers eight
cents, prepayment required. German
States, different prices, according to
conveyance, viz: via France, twenty
one cents, English steamer, five cents,
American steamer twenty-one cents,
Prussian closed mail, thirty cents; Swit
zerland by the same conveyances, five,
twenty-one, and thirty-five cents, via
Franco twenty-one cents, prepayment
optional. Brazils, via Falmouth, forty
five cents; Cape Verde Islands, sixty
five cents; China, except Hong Kong,
via Southampton, thirty-three cents,
and via Marseilles, forty-three cents;
via France, open mail, twenty-one cents,
South Australia, via Plymouth, thirty
three cents, IlongKong, via Southamp
ton, five or twenty-one cents, Malta and
Gibralter, five or twenty-one cents, pre
payment for all these required.
jfrST" Young LINCOLN (U student at
Harvard College,) has, within the past
week, grown vastly in popularity with
liis fellow students and the towns-people
generally. On Wednesday night, in a
body, the students called upon him,
congratulated him upon the successof
his lather and the jollys tate of atthirs
in the country generally. Mr. LINCOLN
made a very neat speech in reply, which
is said to be worthy of the stock from
which sprung.
Rates of Postage.
FOUICItiX CO I'NT It IKS.
The Four Georges.
A late number of the Cornhill Mag
azine lias the first of Thackeray's ex
cellent lectures 011 " The Four Georges
of England." The following extract
therefrom relates to the life and times
of George I:
Delightful as London city was. King
George I. liked to be out of it as much
as ever he could; and when there, pass
ed all of his time with his Germans. It
was with them as with Blucher, one
hundred years afterwards, when the
bold old reiter looked down from St.
Paul's and sighed out, "Was for Plun
der?" The German women plunder
ed; the German secretaries plundered;
the German cooks andiutendants plun
dered; even Mustapha and Mahomet,
the German negroes, had a share of the
booty. Take what you can get, was
the old monarch's maxim, lie was
not a lofty monarch, certainly; he was
not patron of the fine arts: but he was
not a hypocrite, he was not revengeful,
he was' not extravagant. Though a
despot in Hanover, he was a moderate
ruler in England. His aim was to
leave it to itself as much as possible,
and to live out of it as much as he
could. His heart was in Hanover.
When taken ill on his last.journey, as
he was passing through Holland, he
thrust his livid head out of Jhe coach
window, gasping out, " Osnaburg, Os
naburg! " lie was more than fifty years
of age when ho came amongst us; we
took him because we wanted him, be
cause ho served our turn ; we laughed
at his uncouth German way, and sneer
ed at him. He took our loyalty tor
what it was worth ; laid hands on what
money he could; kept us assuredly
from Popery and wooden shoes. 1,
for one, would have been on his side
in those days. Cynical and selfish as
he was, he was better than a king out
of St. Germains, with the French
king's orders in his pocket, and a
swarm of Jesuits in his train.
The Fates are supposed to interest
themselves about royal personages;
so this one had omens and prophecies
specially regarding hiin. lie was said
to be much disturbed at a prophecy
that he should die very soon after bis
wife, and sure enough pallid* death,
having seized upon the luckless princess
in her castle of Ahlden. presently poun
ced upon 11. M. King George 1. in his
traveling chariot, on the Hanover road.
What postilion can outride that pale
horseman ! It is said, George promised
one of his left-handed widows to come
to her after death if leave were granted
to him to revisit the glimpses of the
moon; and soon after his demise, a
great raven actually flying or hopping
in at the Duchess of Kerdar's window at
Twickenham she chose to imagine the
king's spirit inhabited these plumes and
took special care of her sable visitor.
Affecting metempsychosis—funeral
royal bird! How patheticis the idea of
the Duchess weeping over it! When
this chaste addition to our English ar
istocracy died, all her jewels, plate and
plunder, went over to her relations in
Hanover. I wonder whether her heirs
took the bird, and whether it is still
flapping its wings over Herrenhausen ?
The days are over in England of
that strange religion of king-worship,
when priests flattered princes in the
Temple of God; when servility was
held to be ennobling duty; when beau
ty and youth tried oagerly for royal
favor, and woman's shame was held to
be 110 dishonor. Mended morals and
mended manners in courts and people,
are among the priceless consequences
of the freedom which George 1. came
to rescue and secure. He kept his
compact with his English subjects; and
if he escaped no more than other men
and monarchs from the vices of his
age, at least we may thank him for pre
serving ami transmitting the liberties
of ours. In our free air, royal and
humble homes have alike been pu
rified ; and truth, the birthright ot
high and low among us, which quite
fearlessly judges our greatest person
ages, can only speak of them now in
words of respect and regard. There
arc stains in the portrait r>f the first
George, and traits 111 it which none of
us need admire ; hut among the nobler
features are justice, courage, modera
tion—and these we may recognize ere
we turn the picture to the wall.
80- Mrs. S. D. Curtis, a of
some reputation, died at Madison, Wis.,
lately. She wai a nativa of Pomfrot,
Conn., and had contributed to the
Boston Journal.
The mother of Hon. ITowell
Cobb received at a late Fair in Georgia,
the premium of a silver goblet for five
handsomely embroidered shirts, work
ed by herself.
Tho Pacific Telegraph.
The intelligence of a change in the
route of this Pacific Telegraph has been
confirmed. According to the St. Louis
correspondent of the Union, the route
adopted i.s south of Fort Kearney, pass
ing through Denver City and the min
ing towns in advance oV it, to Santa
Fe; thence to El Paso; and thence to
Los Angeles. Various reasons have
been assigned for the change. It is
thought that the line on the new route
would be self-sustaining, while the wires
would be kept in repair with more fa
cility than on a more central course
where thunder storm* arc frequent and
unfavorable atmospheric influences are
feared. It is also complained that the
stockholders of the Placervelle and Car
son Valley Telegraph Company are
intractable; that they set too high a
value upon their privileges and it is
therefore impossible to consummate the
necessary arrangements with them. It
is likely, however, that there are two
sides to this story; and we think it
more than probable that the Govern
ment contractors are more exacting in
their demands.
The principal objection urged against
the new route is, that the line will
pass through a hostile Indian country,
and be necessarily subject to frequent
accident*. Indeed, the correspondent
above alluded to says that the con
tractors are only making an experiment
to ascertain whether the line now built
to Fort Kearnov, and which will bo ex
tended early in the spring to Julcsberf%
at the crossing of the Platte, cannot
advantageously be carried south through
the l'ike's Peak gold region. Should
the experiment fail the contractors will
have to fill back on the Butterfield
Mail route from Fort Smith, to which
place the Stebbin's line has already
been extended. Fort Smith is some
1200 miles distant from Angeles. We
believe that already a contract has been
made for extending the line from Fort
Smith to lied liiver, at Sherman, in
Texas; another for poles for nearly two
hundred miles up the valley of the Gila,
in Arizona : and still another for push
ing the line forward, on this side, from
Los Angeles to Fort Yuma.
AVe apprehend that it matters little
to the people of California which route
is chosen. All they are anxious for id
to be in instantaneous communication
with the East; and as the contractors
have an immensely valuable franchise it
is to be hoped that they will permit no
unworthy jealousies or rivalries to in
terrupt t lie great national work.— Sun
I'Vaui'ttico llcrahl.
"WHAT IS MEERSCHAUM ?—AVe notice
tlint these pi pus are becoming very pop
ular and common, yet their component
parts are very little known. A New
York paper thus explains the manufac
ture :
"In the inlands of Negropont and Sa
moa, in the Archipelago, a peculiar va
riety ot magnesia is found on the coast
beneath a thin stratum of earth. When
first obtained, it resembles the foam or
froth of the sea, and bonce is termed
meerschaum by the Germans, while the
French style it ccumc clc mer. Analy
sis proves that it is composed of mag
nesia, carbonic acid, water, and four per
cent, of silex. The idea so common in
this country that meerschaum is foam
of the seu, originated in the resem
blance referred to, and also to the old
fashion of calling meerschaum pipes.
When first dug from the earth, the mag
nesia is soft and easily moulded into
any shape that fancy may dictate. In
this condition it is formed into pipes
and cigar holders, and exposed to tho
air until it hardens. Before being
boiled in wax*or oil,it is nearly aslight
as pitch, and full of minute pores
through which a pin or knife may be
stuck with no more damage lliau the
same operation performed on a line
sponge. The pipes are boiled in wax
or oil, in order to give them a polish,
as well as to render them durable; but
smoking soon burns out the oleaginous
secretions, and the oil of the smoke
sinks into the pores gradually until the
outer surface is covered."
There is an old story which rep
resents a couple of sagacious cronies
discoursing on the probable principle
which guided Adam in tho names ho
gave to animals.—One asserted that he
did not see why he called a lion by the
name of lion. 41 Why," replied the
other, "that is simple enough to me.
He called it a lion because it looked
like a lion !" We doubt if the Demo
cratic party could get it 3 appellation on
such a principle of naming. Nobody
would think of calling it a Democratic
party because it looks like a Demo
cratic party.— N. Y. Post.
» ■■ ■ ■ »•'
s3s® Free homos for free men.
NO. 9.

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