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Washington standard. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory) 1860-1921, January 19, 1861, Image 2

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THE W.WHIMiTON STAMIAItt).
SATURDAY, JANUARY R.», IMN.
'•Til.' people ol* these Ullilet State-" MM' tin 1
rightful ni.l.-tcr- lit' IMIIII ("iinjrrc-sc-i unit Courts,
not to overthrow the Constitution. Imt to over
tlirow llic men who pervert the t'im.-titutiim.'
AIIIIAMAM l,:xrot.x.
Indian Affairs in Oregon and Washington.
"We give place to the following ex
tract from the Report of the Commis
sioner of Indian affairs, emhodyingsill
that relates to this Superintendeney.
We feel assured that the information
it contains will prove of sulHcient in
terest to our readers, to justify the room
devoted to it. It is collated from the
annual report of the Oregon and Wash
ington Superintendent, Rev. K. R.
Geary, ami. the reports of the various
agents and sub-agents on duty in said
Superintendeney to that officer. The
Commissioner says:
The report of the Superintendent of
Indian Affairs for Oregon and Wash
ington Territory contains a graphic and
interesting history of Indian affairs
within his superintendeney during the
p »st year.
Ten treaties were negotiated with va
rious Indian tribes in 1854 mid 1855,
but not ratified until March and April,
185S>, ami for fulfilling these, appropri
ations were only made during the last
8 (sston of Congress. This delay oeca
.s'oned discontent and doubt in the
minds of the Indians, and fear that the
country occupied by them would be
taken possession of by the whites, with
out their obtaining the consideration
.specified in the treaties, created such
excitement among them that the peace
of the country WHS threatened, afid the
danger only averted by the conciliatory
conduct of the several Agents and the
presence of a Military force in that
region.
The action already taken to carry out
the stipulations of the treaties referred
to, will it is believed, re-assure the var
ious tribes of the friendship of the Gov
ernment, and tend to restore and con
tinue the amicable relations which
Jiiive been interrupted in consequence
of the delay in the ratification of those
treaties.
The Indians in this Superintendeney
aire estimated at thirty-eight thousand
isouls. Of these, seven thousand are
in Oregon, and thirty-one thousand in
Washington Territory.
There are three thousand Indians
tupon tiie Coast Reservation in Oregon.
Of these one thousand one hundred
and thirty-four (1,134) are provided for
l»y trcaty'sti pu lat ion s, and one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-six (l,80t») are
unprovided for. These latter were col
lected at Fort Vinpqua during the
troubles of 185/S—«», where they were
clothed and fed by Government appro
priations for two years. These appro
priations having been withheld, the
Superintendent is without the means
of supplying their necessities.
The Indians at the Grand Rondo
and Silet/. agencies, can be subsisted
with but little assistance from the Gov
ernment, as the crops at these points
:arc reported to have yielded abundant
.harvests.
The " Gooses" and " Unipqtias," re
cently removed to the " Alcoa," in pur
suance of instructions front this office,
are reported to be in a suffering condi
tion, owing to a total failure of the
crops at that point. To relieve their
present necessities and to provide for
their wants during the Winter, the Su
perintendent was prompted by humane
.consideration to authorize the local
agent to purchase supplies, and sug
gests that an appropriation be made by
Congress at nit early day to reimburse
the amount thus expended.
The reports of Agents Miller and
Newcombe and sub-Agent Sykes, con
tain information in detail respecting
the management of Indian affairs on
the Coast Reservation the past year.
The Warm Springs reservation, se
lected for the use of the Indians of
middle Oregon, parties to the treaty of
.Tune 23rd, 1855, has Itecn occupied
aince 1850. Buildings have been erect
ed atid other improvements made, and
H'lceess has rewarded the efforts of the
Indians to cultivate the soil. They
were embarrassed by delay in tlio rati
fication of their treaty, and their fail
ure to receive the protection of the
troops that had been frequently ap
plied for.
The Snake Indians, their hereditary
enemies, are continually depredating
upon them, and by their frequent in
cursions they arc kept in constant ap-
Itrehension. During the absence of the
{eservation Indians on a hunt, the
Snakes made a descent upon the Agen
cy, drove off the cattle and horses be
longing to the Government and Indians,
killed or captured a few women and
children remaining at home, plundered
the agency, and compelled the Agent
and employees to flee for safety.
Directions were subsequently given
the Agent to establish his headquarters
itt this Reserve. This being done, the
Indians were induced to return and re
sume their work in the cultivation of
the fields. Their confidence was par
tially restored, but the Snakes continu
ing their annoyances, the Superinten
dent, in .lune last, attempted to discov
er their rendezvous, and, if possible
bold a council with them, with a view
t.> induce them to cease their continual
warfare upon the tribes who are in
junitv with the I nited Stat • . llew: -
unable to lint! them sifter rceoniioiter
ing nineteen diivs witli a military force,
and returned home, It'uvin«; tin* iuili
tary in the field engsiged in opening an
emigrant wsigon road 1 liroiivrli the
Willamette Valley. Two days after
tin; Superintendent loft, the military
wore attacked by a huge body of
Snakes, who, owing to the rugged
rhaiwter of the country, were enabled
to escape with but little punishment.
Following closely upon the returning
troops, these adroit and daring savages
made a sudden attack upon the Warm
Spring Reservation, ami drove off all
the stock found there.
The Superintendent reports that
these repeated disasters on the Reser
vation leaves no alternative to its aban
donment t but the establishment of a
military post for its protection.
These Indians, though known as
"Snakes," must not be confounded
with the "Sho-shonees" and " l»an
naeks," or " Snakes oft he Rocky Moun
tains." The latter are all well' moun
ted, and procure subsistence by hunt
ing buffalo on the betid waters of the
Yellowstone, while the former tire a
miserable race who subsist upon roots
and insects, except where successful
thieving expeditions furnish them bet
ter food.
The Indians with whom the treaty
of 15th .June, 1855, was concluded, are
reported as being very tractable in
their disposition. The remote distance
at which they are located front evil in
fluences, and the aptitude evinced by
them in adoption ol the dress and forms
of civilized life, encourage the hope
that they will make rapid improvement.
The protection of the Government
should not longer be withheld from
them.
The rmatilla Reservation is describ
ed as being most abundantly adapted
to the purposes for which it was select
ed. Being well watered, containing
timber and much fertile land and excel
lent natural pasturage, ample for graz
ing large herds of cattle and sheep, it
is regarded as posse'suing superior ad
vantages, and would soon be self-sus
taining. It borders upon the white set
tlements. which, its well its the reserva
tion, would seem to require military
protection against the Snake Indians,
who inhabit the adjacent country beyond
the " lllne Mountains."
The Nez I'eree i are located upon a
reservation of immense area, and great
natural resource?, embracing extensive
pastures and agricultural tracts, abun
dance of game and fish, while forests
of pine, cedar and larch, found along
tiie course of Clear-water river, with
the timber of the mountains, would
yield a permanent income to the tribes,
the streams being adapted to rafting,
and navigable for hattoaux.
The Nez I'crces are reported as hav
ing generally adopted civilized dress,
and a considerable number profess
Christianity, and are exemplary in their
conduct, although for thirteen years
they have been without any white
teacher of religion.
The various tribes confederated tin
der the name of the Yakima nation,
are on a reservation east of the Cascade
mountains, having an area of about
eight hundred square miles, of which
the Siincoe valley is the chief inhabit
able part, and where the Indians tire
located.
These Indians—parties to the treaty
of the tub of June, 1855—were ail
among the hostilcs during the late In
dian war. The survivors are said to
be fully sensible of their folly, and ap
preciate the advantages of peace.
They sire considered sis entirely sub
dued, and are subservient.
Although inferior to other interior
tribes in their physical and mental
powers, it is believed thsit marked suc
cess will attend the efforts to carry out
the policy of the Govcrumcut in rela
tion to them.
The continued incursions of the In
dians residing beyond our territorial
limits are referred to by the Superin
tendent, who reports that constant col
lisions occur between them and the In
dians at the Reservations, and that the
lives ami property of the white settlers
are jeopardized.
The employment of a small swift
war steamer is again recommended for
service agsiinst the "outside barbsir
isins" of Puget Sound.
lu consequence of the failure of
Congress to provide for the employ
ment of additional agents in Washing
ton Territory, the different tribes with
whom we have treaty stipulations and
for whom the additional agents were
intended, have been transferred to sin
other Reservation with other bands not
embraced in any treaty. It is impor
tant thsit sill the Indians in Oregon and
Washington Territory, not provided
for by existing treaties, should be ne
gotiated with, at an early day, and con
federated with those bands and tribes
already removed to and supported upon
the Reservations now established, and
appropriations should be inside bv Con
gress to meet the expenses incident to
such negotiations.
jgtjT' We arc informed that the pub
lic will he entertained with a debate
upon the right of a State to secede, be
fore the Alphean Society, on Monday
evening next. Speakers—Messrs. S.
(Jarficlde, T. M. Reed and others.
tOT* Gov. Francis Thomas of Md.,
has been appointed Sec. of the Treasu
ry, in plnee of IL>n. 1 Towel 1 Cobb, re
-'■•Hcd.
Ths British Colonist and Mr. Hyatt.
In a recent number of the Pritish
(',fum'sl, an article entitled " Washing
ton Territorial Legislature," gives an
improper impression of a short edito
rial note, accompanying the report of
certain remarks made by Mr. Hyatt,
in our Legislative Assembly. Mr. Hy
att is a representative from Whatcom
countv, which Americans in this.Tcrri
%■ '
tory as unanimously believe, includes
the Island of San .Inan within its
boundaries and limits, as that Victoria
is situate upon Vancouver Island. We
took occasion to approve the general
vein and sentiment of Mr. H's speech ;
but we expressed a doubt as to the pol
icy of that gentleman using terms of
reproach against individuals entrusted
with the administration of Pritish Col
onial affairs. Had we then known that
several of that gentleman's constituents
had recently been removed from their
settlements on San Juan Island, by the
100 marines on duty there, as an " army
of occupancy," making u reservation
of sonic eighteen miles square, we
could have found extenuation for the
feeling he displayed. Put as it was,
we expressed no doubt whatever that
the Pritish authorities deserved unqual
ified condemnation by every American.
Our only doubt was whether any good
would result by calling their officials
hard names.
The Colonist admits that in 18">8, the
course of those authorities deserved
and received the censure of all people,
was discountenanced by the Pritish gov
ernment, and was abandoned. For
this reason Mr. 11. has no further rea
son for complaint. Hut it seems to for
get, that Americans in 1S;"J» were pre
vented from celebrating the birth-day
of the immortal Washington. That
although Victoria is a //•<< port, yet
American vessels are obliged to pay s;*>
for entering, while Pritish vessels are
charged ?1 50.
That the '■ Southern Poundarv Act,
1800," mid the comments upon it by
the Pritish Colonist, in its weekly issue
of Jan. *>th, 1801, establish the fact (hat
the same narrow-minded, restrictive
and unjust policy actuates the authori
ties of that Colony in ISOI as in 1S">8.
The Colonist justly condemns Gov.
Douglas, first for evading a law. in order
to tax Americans traveling through
Pritish territory who cannot possibly
enter their goods at Xew Westminis
ter. Kccoitil, in his effort to subject
American traders to such restrictions
and exactions, as to amount to prohibi
tion to them to import merchandise,
thereby precluding competition with
Pritish tnvlers.
A\'o regret that tlio articles in lliiit
issue on the " Southern Boundary
trade" cannot appearnt length in this
week's issue, from the crowded state of
our columns, hut we really believe that
(hose two articles have supplied Mr. 11.
with all the evidence to make good his
charge against the colonial authorities
for the restrictive policy pursued
towards Americans.
Again, Americans have just occasion
to complain of the conduct ot those
same authorities in regard to the mur
dercis of Hehroter and others. That
conduct was shuttling and evasive, un
worthy a Christian nation. Fir.it, a hope
was held out to the authorities of this
Territory that thoso pirates would he
surrendered on requisition. Our effort
to secure them, of course further in
censed the Indians; failing to get them
we are now the more subject to their
depredations. Second, if they were not
encouraged to escape by the authorities
of the Island, no assistance was ren
dered to bring the guilty to justice, and
the omission thus to aid was equivalent
to harlforing them. Does any sane
man doubt for a moment that had the
authorities of Vancouver's Island de
sired the punishment of these heathen
murderers, that they could possibly
have escaped the just retribution they
so richly deserved ? Thus aro those
Indians taught that the British are their
friends, ami the converse, that the
Americans are enemies, naturally fol
lows. This policy is useful in two
ways. It secures Indian trade, it pre
serves the friendship of these miscre
ants. Heaven forbid ! they ever med
itated the necessity of converting them
to allies.
Nor did wc intend to be considered
as censuring Mr. 11. for ridiculing as
utmiiril, the claim of Great Britain to
the Island of San Juan. We think
Great Britain lias not a shadow of title
to that Island. AVo are of those who
believe, the American title to Oregon,
was clear and unquestionable up to
.04° 40'. AVe regarded as a great blun
der, the surrender of the Territory
north of 4!>\ A CUT giving up that
much, we are now averse to relinquish
ing any tiling secured to us by tlic
Treaty of 1840. That Treaty cvi
(lcntly meant to give up the whole of
Vancouver's Island OXI.Y, which had the
parallel of -l!»° been continued to the
Pacific Ocean, would have been divi
ded between both nations. We protest
against being made uttercrs of senti
ments, which no fiiir-minded man, no
American should entertain. We saw
no advantage in Mr. Hyatt in our Leg
islature saying Gov. Douglas was a ty
rant, and unfit to govern ; but when
so good authority as the Pritish Colonist
proves him so, we will not differ with
that journal. We thought these out
rages condemned themselves, without
the use of harsh phrases. That is all
we meant. We are no defenders of the
authorities of Vancouver's Island, or
the Hudson's Pay Company. We
therefore respectfully protest against
any one imputing to us sentiments, we
never meant to express. We regard
the claim of Great Britain to San Juan
Island as rapacious as it is unjust. We
would unsparingly condemn the citi
zen who attempts to wrong his neigh
bor out of his farm or strip of land,
without other title than mere coveting
its possession. Why then palliate in a
nation, what we condemn as criminal
in an individual ?
LKUISI.ATIVK. —We are again obliged
' to defer publishing this week much of
our reports of Legislative proceeding!*.
The news from the Federal capitol, and
the Kast, is of such interest that our
readers will pardon the preference it has
in our columns. As an item of interest
we will state that the Legislative As
sembly in .Joint Convention, on Satur
day, the 12th inst., eleited the following
officers: George Gallagher, Territorial
Printer; IT.l T . (5. Warbass, Treasurer;
T. I'. Page, Prig. General; Kichard
Lane, Q. M. General; P. ]{, Stone,
Com. General; •!. I). Piles, ]). 11. Fer
guson, (J. W. Gibson, Capitol Commis
sioner. On the 10th Jan. Geo. Galla
gher Fsq., sent to the assembly a com
munication declining to qualify as
Printer. No action as yet has been ta
ken upon his resignation.
JJoth Ilouses have evinced an unmis
takaMc determination to discounten
ance hereafter npplioations to the Leg
islature for divorce. Several plans
iiave been passed upon with great una
nimity, wincing a desire to wipe out
the disgrace of such Legislation. A
disposition if. now manifested to do
husines and we hope that much Legis
lation of u practical and bot»ciici..l char
acter, will 1 e uuisiMiiliia'cd yet nut by
this Legislature.
«#•
FUOM THE IxTKitioiu—Favorable re
ports continue of the Xez IVroe mines.
Miners are making from §7 to #lO per
day. A company is engaged in con
structing a ditch. Miners continue to
flock thither. A Walla Walla corres
pondent of the Tiiius says the Indians
are perfectly quiet and likely to contin
ue so, notwithstanding reports to the
contrary. Tliev are aware that they
were never so well cared for as at pres
ent. Another correspondent, writing
the Ai/i'crHscr, says there is some dissat
isfaction among the Indians. We are
inclined to think that no fears need he
apprehended of an outbreak.
We have been shown by l'rof.
Lippiucott specimens of writing by the
members of his evening writing school.
The proficiency attained by some of the
scholars, in the short space of time the
school has been in operation, is surpris
ing. All who have tried to improve
have made considerable advancement.
gt#" The usual Friday afternoon lite
rary exercises of the Institute will be
held at the M. 12. Church on Friday
evening next. The exercises will con
sist of reading the Bouquet and Olym
pian, declamation, and singing. We
hope the youthful participants will be
greeted by a large audience.
S. W. MOORE'S SEED WAREHOUSE.—
The annual catalogue of this eminent
Seedsman appear* in another column.
All seeds, grains and plants from this
responsible house arc warranted. lie
member, 110 California Street, below
Montgomery, San Francisco. Send
for a complete catalogue.
No CAUSE TO BE THANKFUL. —The
Press saws that Gov. AVhiteakor, of Or
egon, has written to the "devil" of that
olHco stating that he would not appoint
a day of Thanksgiving, as the Democ
racy have nothing for which to return
thanks.
FOUND. —On Tuesday, Jan. 15th, a
Gold Pencil. The owner can have the
same by calling at the STANDARD oißce
and proving property.
Arrival and Departure of the Mails.
The Overland Mail Southward, ria
Winsor's daily stages to Monticello,
closes every evening at 7i o'clock. Sun
days excepted, the stages leave every
morning at 7 o'clock. We receive a
daily mail from tho Columbia river
every evening, Monday evening except
ed, about 7 o'eloek. Weekly mail
down the Sound, to Vfctomand uTter
inediate ports, closes Sunday, at 4 o'-
clock I*. M, and leaves every Monday
by the Eliza Anderson, at 7 A. M.
Overland Mail for Steilaeoom, leaves
Olvmpia at 8 A. M., Mondays and Thurs
days—returns leaving Steilaeoom every
Tuesday and Friday about the same
hour.
Mail for Shoalwatcr Ihiv leaves Mon
days, at 3 o'clock A. M.
Coatcs* Semi-Monthly Mail to Oys
terville, ria Gray's Harbor, leaves Olvm
pia alternate Mondays, at 8 A. M., arriv
ing at Ovstervillc at 3 P.M. on Wednes
day. Leaves Oysterville every other
Thursday at 7 A. M., arriving at Olym
pia by Saturday, at 2 p. M.
There is a Weekly Mail to Skookum
Bay, and the Post Offices in Sawamish
county. Received at Olvmpia on
Thursday; the return Mail from this
place leaves on Friday morning.
Henry Winsor, Esq., Mail Contractor
on the route between Olvmpia and
Monticello, has kindly furnished us the
following information:
DISTAXC'F. TOTAI. !>.
Olympiii to Tnmivnter 2 uiilcs miles
Tiimwnter to llnilfrdcn's 15 " 17
llorlgilen's to Tillev's ,1 " 22 "
Tillcv's to flrnnil MOIIIHI .1 " 27 "
(iriiml MOIIIKI to Vim Wormer's... 5 " H'J "
Vim Wormer's to Clai|uiito !• 14 41 "
I'ln<|iiiito to McDonald's " 501 "
Mc DonnM's to Drew's., H " 58.1 "
Drew's to I'mnplirey's H " mil "
l'mn|ilirey'a to t'listle Jlock 10 li 7CI "
Castle Rock to Ohn|inrin's 0 " 82.',"
Cliii|iiii in's to Montieello (i " BRJ "
Schedule time, Olympia to Monti
cello, 28 hours, returning in 30 hours.
Trips daily, Sundays excepted, leav
ing Olympia at 7 A. M. and Montieello
at 11 p. M.
Compensation, per annum, 911,008.
Expiration of contract, Sept. 1804;
commenced, Sept. 1800.
Mr. Winsor also carries a mail from
Olympia to Steilaeoom on Monday and
Thursday of each week, returning to
Olympia every Tuesday and Friday.
Compensation per annum, $1,.'">38. He
has also very recently commenced car
rying a weekly Overland Mail from
Steilaeoom to Seattle, leaving Steila
eoom everv Fridav, and retnrninsr from
»i ' ■
Seattle every Saturday. For this ser
vice lite compensation its §744 per
annum.
G-.therings by the Wayside.
The lime works on San Juan Island,
make 500 bbls. per day. The bark
Cora. 350 tons, which escaped from
New York last winter, was recently
captured off the coast of Africa, by the
11. S. ship ( oMtfelhition. She had a car
go of 705 slaves on board. Col. .1 la
ker was to spend Christinas, at Spring
field, 111., on a visit to his mother.
Senator Douglas says, ".Secession is an
areliv, and it would bo better that a
million of men should tall upon the
battle-field, than that anarchy should
prevail in this country." The Pacif
ic Kail road bill passed the House, is
the Curtis liill of lust Session. It ap
propriates $120,000,000 and 120,000,000
acres of laud to build two roads.
Col. Fremont left San Francisco on the
steamer of the Ist, for Europe, on busi
ness connected with the Mariposa es
tate. Indigenous chestnut trees huve
been found in Sonoma and Mendocino
counties, California. A letter from
Springfield, 111., says that Mr. Lincoln
" does not recognize the right of a State
to secede; but that he woidd not use
coercion unless compelled to do so by
the passage of a torce bill by Congress."
A verdict has been rendered in fa
vor of Mrs. Bnreli, at Chicago, who
was charged with infidelity to her hus
band. The main Croton water pipe
burst recently in New York; within
fifteen minutes thereafter, over 100
acres of land were inundated. Snow
fell at the Dalles, during last week, to
the depth of five inches. Wesley 11.
Gosncll Esq., succeeds Col. Simmons,
as Indian Agent, Puget Sound District.
Gov. Seward says of the President's
Message: " I think he has proved two
things; Ist, That no State has ft right
to secede, unless it wishes to ; 2nd,
That it is the President's duty to en
force laws, unless somebody opposes
him." The South Carolina Con
gressmen draw their mileage, although
that State is out of the Union. On
the 24th Nov. an immense rock fell at
Niagara Falls. A short time before a
large party had been walking under it.
Lt. (Jen. Scott has expressed the
opinion that additional forces should lie
sent to South Carolina to protect the
public property there. The President
dissents. There was a foot-race in
San Jose, Cal., a few days ago, for
000 a side. A native California!! won
it by fifteen feet. The N. Y. Tri
buite thus f peaks of a speech by Mr.
Latham in the Senate: " Senator La
tham impressively declared yesterdry
the fidelity to the Union, of California.
She will remain a part of the power
whirl: am and which willhuihl ihcl'n.
citfc ]{nil-r<nd." Silver nii.efshavo
lu'cn discovered in the? vicinity of Gray's
Harbor. A weekly line of staujos
between the Dalles and AValla "Wafl.t,
has been established.——l'. J. Malono
Ks<j. is now editing the Albany, (Ogn.)
Democrat. We have received ncoin
mnnieation signed l>y a " Kiver Mem-
Iter," who hails from Clark comity,
lie denies having advised our citizens
to petit ioiffbr a change of the ('ormtv
Seat of Thurston county. If he dill
not individually do it we did not allude
to him, and we freely assure him hi*
denial " lets liiin out;" hut an no re
sponsible name accompanied the letter,
the matter simply resolves itself tlnw
(Dic-JifU) of that delegation is vol guilty.
Lieut. Mullan, U. S. A. left Portland
for Washington 1). C. on Monday, tho
14th inst., on the stumer Pacific.—lz.
The'P. M. S. S. Co's. steamer Oregon,
was advertised to leave San Francisco,.
on the loth inst.
later from the Atlantic Side.
ST. LOUIS, Deeeuil)cr 20, 1860.
A Correspondent of the New York
Times says that conservative mcit find"
very little cause tor confidence in the
speech of Crittenden and hold that tho
manner in which it was received fur
nishes no indication of a disposition on
the part of the Bepublicans to accede
to the terms proposed; though some
Southern Senators expressed the opin
ion that it would be satisfactory to mod
erate Southern States.
The messenger with the vote of
Louisiana, reports that tlie Legislature
of that State refused almost unani
mously to appoint Commissioners to
the other States, being determined to
act withour eonsultation.
Mr. Hamlin, Vice-President eject,
had a long eonferenee with General
Scott. The General expressed the hope
that the present ditHeulties would he
overcome and settled, llamliu and
Cass silso had an interview.
An article in the Richmond JEnquirer
recommends the seceding States to take
Washington City, with the public build
ings. It is laughed at in Washington
City by Southern men, and Virginians
expressed themselves ashamed of such
puerile stuff.
The New York World learns that
the British and French Consuls at
Charleston have been approached by
the Secessionists, but they replied " that
any eommuuication to them would be
transmitted to the State Departuicut at
Washington."
In the Georgia Legislature one of
the ablest Secessionists, (Hill) in a blaze
of eloquence characterized separate ac
tion as the right way of accomplishing
its own defeat—liberty forging it* owa
chains; happiness poisoning it* ewu
cup, and prosperity committing sui
cide. Resolutions in. favor co-ope
ration were accordingly adopted. 1 lie;
Mississippi Commissioner was courte
ously received by the Georgia Legisla
ture and made a speech, of which ai
thousand copies were ordered printed.
At a quarterly meeting of the Irish
CharitftMe Society, of Boston, on the
night 01 the 17th, after the transaction
of business, strong Union resolutions
were unanimously adopted. Several
patriotic addresses were delivered.
Private advices from New York,
published, represent the feeling pre
vailing there, if possible worse than in
Boston ; the writer would not be sur
prised to see blood shed in those cities
lie fore long.
The Postmaster Genfro! wiKE trfop
the South Carolina mails; the Post
master at Charleston having MgaJJUil
his intention to resign after secession
takes place, there can be no distribu
tion there.
The St. Louis Democrat ani»«THK>etl
on the authority of both Lin««liii ami
Hates, that the fatter will occupy aipliimr
iu the new Cabinet, probably Se«mtury
of the Interior.
A large mass meeting was htWlastt
night at Norfolk. Resolutions- wero
adopted in favor of a National stata?
Convention, opposing coercion iu liver
of aiming the State, and declaring
against the re-opening of the AfiriwuH
slave trade.
The Methodist Conference of South
Carolina, on the 18th, passed resola
tions favoring secession.
Alwut eighteen young ladies sece
ded from the scmiuarics of New York
and Pennsylvania, and passed through
Washington yesterday.
The Governor of Alabama, in conse
quence of the present crisis, IIM as
sumed the responsibility of advising
the Banks to suspend, and all have
done so but three.
Congressional New>.
At a meeting of the Committee of
Tliirtv three, the proposition of Davis
of Maryland, requesting the several
State Legislatures to revise their laws,
and if any were conflicting with tl o
Constitution or laws of the United
States to repeal them, was adopted,
with but two dissentiug voices.
Davis of Miss, unsuccessfully at
tempted to have tho question of tho
Territories first disposed of.
A proposition of Davis of Maryland,
previously submitted, embodying a bill
which requires tho Marshal to deliver
fugitives to the District Judge in the
District of the Stato from which the
fugitives escaped, for trial by jury, was
referred to a sub-committee of'nicin
bors from the border States.
The Post-office Committee have the
Pony Express matter under considera
tion for a contract with lvVkst'U £

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