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VOL. I. THE WASHISIiM STANDARD. —IS ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY MORNING RY — JOHN M. MURPHY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Subscript lon Rates: Per Annum 00 »» Six Months 2 00 Invariably in Atlvnncc. Advertising Kates: <Onc Square, one insertion. 00 Kiu-b additional insertion I 00 Business Cards, per quarter, 5 00 A liberal deduction will be made in favor of those who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. Notices of births, marriages and deaths in serted free. B®"'Blanks, Ilill Heads, Cards, llills of Fare. Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, &c., executed at reasonable rates. OmcK—ln Barnes's Building, corner of Main and First Streets, near the steamboat landing. UfegfAU communications, whether on business or for publication should be addressed to the cdi itor of the WASHINGTON STANDARD. TIIISKIKIi WFTIII2E. DY CKL'H. HOWE The sunset crimsons on the heights, Flushing the cold snow with its kiss, The crags are rich with yellow light,— 1 inn all lost in silent hliss, Thinking of thee. The reil light pales along the range, And glooms to mournful violet, The dving glow grows sad and strange,— My eyes with some stray tears are wet, Thinking of thee. Fall on her, tell her, dying glow, llow 1 am dreaming of her here, And kiss for me her snowy lirow, — Love, I am weak with hone and fear, Thinking of thee. —«>> WOI LD YOl f We publish the following lines for the especial consideration of some of our bachelor friends : LJAHV crowing on your knee, While you sing Anne little ditty, I'ulls your hair or thumbs your eye, Would you think it wasn't pretty ? Tell ine, could you ? If you owSKli "the baby," would you? Wife, with arms about your neck. Says you "look just like the baby," Wants some cash to make A "spec," i And you would refuse her—maybe! Could you. suori.o you? If you owned "the woman," would you? Little labor, little strife, Little cure and little cot: Would you ,-igli for single life? Would you murmur at your lot? Tell inc. should yon? If you owned the COTTAOK, would you? Health and comfort, children fair, Wife to meijl you at thee door. Fond hearts throbbing for you there, Tell me. would yon ask for more? Should you? would you? If you owned "the ready," would you? Waifs. 44 My dear Amelia," said Mr. 0. D. Col lone to the young lady whose smiles he was seeking, 44 1 have long wished for this sweet opportunity, but I hardly dare trust myself now to speak the deep emotions of my palpitating heart; but I declare to you, my dear Amelia, that I love you most tenderly; your smiles would shed—l say your smiles would shed—would shed—" 44 Never mind the wood-shed," savs the dear Amelia; 44 g0 on with the pretty talk." jflgj'- 44 Dick," said a 44 Hoosier" one day to a companion in a sleigh-ride, 44 why don't you turn that buffalo-skin t'other side out ? Don't you know the hair-side is the warmest?" 44 Bah! Tom, not a bit of it," was the reply, 44 do you suppose the buffalo didn't know how to wear it himself? How did he wear his hide? You git out! X follow his plan." flgjy- Tho extremest case of human weakness on record is that of the poet and wit, Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, who was prevented from delivering a lecture on account of illness, and wrote to the committee a letter of apology, in which ho says, 44 1 ant satisfied that were I offered a fifty-dollar bill after my lec ture, I should not have strength enough left to refuse it." JRS2t* In St. Louis, recently, a man nml his wife were engaged in arranging n separation. The principal difficulty was the baby, which the woman tear fully begged to be allowed to keep, while tho man angrily refused. At last tho wife almost threw the child into the husband's arms and exclaimed, 44 Take it; I can soon have another." g*2T A lady wished a scat. A portly handsome gentleman brought one and and seated the lady. "Oh, you're a jewel," paid she. "Oh no, replied he, "I'm a jeweler; I have just set the jewel." JBST* A little boy of a certain village, being asked in Sunday School " What i* the thief end of man?" answered, "The end what's got the head on." K>sr* Temperance, health, and wealth re brother*, living together in peace. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, JANUARY 26,1801. legislative Proceedings—Eighth Session. REPORTED KXI'RKMSI.Y FOK THE "STANDARD." Council. SATURDAY, Jan. 12.—Mr. Hubbs— A memorial praying the establishment of a Post office iceat Muckelteo, Tulalup Res ervation, and a l'ost Route from thence to the town of Snohomish, in the pro posed new county of the latter name, which memorial under a suspension of the rules, passed. Council passed the bill from the House, amending the law relating to liens of mechanics and others. The House Rill amending the Common School law, read twice and referred to the comittee on Education. The bill from House amending the license law referred to committee on Ways and Means. The Council referred two divorce hills to the committee on .1 udiciarv. Mr. Miller, introduced a bill to create the Town of Olympia a School District. By this hill the* Trustees of the Town are ex officio, the School Directors of said District, and have control of the school fund collected within the Town limits. On motion of Mr. Hubbs, referred to committee on Education. Several acts of Incorporation and Ferry charters were read and referred to committee on Corporations. On motion of Mr. Clark, Council proceeded to Hall of Representatives, to meet the House in Joint Conven tion, under the Joint Resolution to elect Territorial OtHcers. The follow ing proceedings were had in said JOINT CONVENTION Mr. Hubbs, President of the Council in the chair. On the 31st Rallot, George Gallagher Esq., was elected Territorial Printer by the following vote: For G. Gallagher—Mc-rs. Copies, Clark and Simms, ot the Council, and Messrs. Howies, Bozarth, Briscoe, Chap man, Cline, Coupe, Cunningham, Fer guson, Foster, llyatt, McCarv, Phillips, Ruth, Settle, Taylor, Van Yleet, War bass, and Mr. Shatter, Speaker, of the House of Representatives. Total, 21. Scattering IS. It will be observed that the Democ racy of the House from the counties of Tltiirsloii, Pierce and Clarke, harmo nized to effect this result. Tell us not hereafter that oil and water will not mix. Everything is possible, when you have the means to effect results. After the exciting question of Pub lic Printer was disposed of, the Joint Convention, had little or no difficulty iu selecting thv following otliccrs. J no. J). Biles, I). 11. Ferguson and G. W. < Sibson, Capitol Commissioners; •las. C. Head, of Thurston, Librarian and Auditor; I T . G. Warbass M. 1). of Thurston, Territorial Treasurer; T. P. Page of Wallo Walla, Brigadier General; Richard Lane of Thurston, Quarter Master General; B. R. Stone, of Kitsap, Commissary General. The Council soon after retired to their cham ber and thereupon adjourned. MONDAY, Jan. 14th, —Mr. Miller pre sented a remonstrance numerously signed by citizens of Seabcek, Kitsap county, against the removal of the Cap ital ; referred to committee on Public Buildings and grounds, with instruc tions to print. Mr. Miller introduced a bill making an appropriation for transportation of the territorial arms. Under suspension of rules bill passed. The Council took up and referred to the committee on federal relations, the House Memorial praying the continu ance of the Semi Monthly Mail from San Francisco to Olympia, via Puget Sound. A Joint Resolution passed the House tendering thanks of onr peo ple to Lieut. John Mullan U. S. Army, for his services in developing roads &c., in this territorv. The House Bill locating permanently the County Seat of Kitsap county, passed under a suspension of the rules. The bill incorporating the Alphean Library Association of Olympia, re ferred to committee on Corporations. The Council passed the bill divorcing John and Ann Cantwell. Mr. Hubbs presented a petition from citizens of Jcttcrson county in refer ence to the county revenue ; referred to committee on Ways and Means, with instructions to print. Mr. Hubbs—a petition from Morris 11. Frost, in regard to building a wharf. Referred to committee on commerce. Mr. Denny, from committee on Edu cation, reported the Olympia School District bill, recommending the striking out of repealing section. Reportadopt ed, and bill as amended passed. Then adjourned. TUESDAY, Jan. I"».—Mr. Woodard, an act to apportion the debts and cred it: of Chenalir. county. Under a sus pension of the ride. : , the bill parked. i Mr. Denny, a bill in relation to the road tax iu Kitsap county. Under a suspension of the rules, bill read three times and passed. Mr. Biles introduced a Joint Resolu tion providing for a .Joint Select Com mittee to revise the fee bill. This is really one of the most meritorious sub jects of legislation introduced this ses sion. No "one can tell what fees and costs are chargeable by our law. Some services are rated much too high, and many which are compelled by our law, entirely overlooked. A thorough cure of this evil to our people will be hailed with hearty satisfaction by the people of the Territory. It passed unani mously—the rules suspended. The bill amending the Common School Law reported with amendment, by committee on Education, was passed. It seems this law is amended every ses sion. Is it not time to repeal all the different acts and begin anew'! While striving to patch up the old law, would it not be better to adopt a new school system altogether V The Avery divorce hill was then tak en up, the testimony read, and the bill passed. Also the hill divorcing IS. 11. Thompson and Elizabeth, his wife. Mr. Miller introduced a bill abolish ing the olKcc of ('ounty Assessor. Re ferred to committee on Ways and Means. The Council took up House bill rela ting to legislative divorces. It provides that no case will be considered by any subsequent Legislative Assembly, with out a notice shall have been published six weeks in some newspaper, of the intention of party to make application. Mr. Denny moved to lengthen the time to Ihnr month's publication of no tice. Adopted. Bill as amended read third time and passed. The passage of such a bill after the flood of divorces of this session, is really wholesome. It exhibits a return of proper feeling. Surely this act deserves great commendation, if for no other reason, the attempt to discourage such constant appeals to the assembly for legislative divorces. Following this, Mr. Miller introduced a memorial praying Congress to amend the Organic Act so as to expressly pro hibit the Legislature from granting di vorces. This assertion of a itesirc to be jn't'l'fnh'tl from t/tiiiti/ eeil, speaks will fur the Council. It is a matter of gratula tion that the Council, under a suspen sion of the rules, passed this memorial. Adjourned. lIOIINC. TIIVUSDAY, 10— Afternoon Session.— The House took up House bill No. 2*, the new Interest Law, introduced by Judge Hays, of Thurston county. It had been defeated in the morning by it vote of 17 to 15], and reconsidered, on motion of Mr. Chapman. Being again put on its final passage, the following was the vote: AYES —Messrs. Anderson, Tlerry, Bris coe, Coupe, Cline, Cunningham, Hate, Harris , Jfui/s, McCary, J'imli/, Ruth, Shme of Cowlitz, Stcarncs, and Taylor —ls. NOES —Messrs. Bowles, Bozarth, Can nady, Chapman, Ferguson, Foster, Hastings, Hyatt, Pingrce, Phillips, Set tle, Stone of Kitsap, Van Vlect, War bass, and the Speaker— ls. [Republicans in italics.] — REP. This hill made, the legal rate ten per cent, per annum, Irfit allowed a special contract to be made in writing whereby the maximum rate to be charged was one per cent, per month. Several ferry bills, and bills of local character, acted upon aud passed, and House adjourned. FRIDAY, Jan. 11.—Mr. Van Ylect in troduced a bill to incorporate the Van couver Hibernian Benevolent Society. Under a suspension of the rules, bill passed. Mr. Phillips, a joint resolution rela tive to the examination of the accounts of Territorial Auditor uud Treasurer. This also passed. Mr. Hays,a bill for the relief of R. M. Walker. Referred, on motion of Mr. to committee on Claims. Mr. Cannady introduced ajoint reso lution expressing thanks to Lieut. John Mullau, IT. S. A. Mr. Bowles moved to indefinitely postpone, and called the yeas and nays. Tho following is the vote. AYES Messrs. Bowles, Bozartli, Chapman, Ferguson, Foster, Hyatt, MeCjiry, and Stearnes—B. NOES — Messrs. Berry, Cannady, riinc, Coupe, Cunningham, Ilale, Harris, Hastings, Hays, I'engrec, Phil lips, Purdv, Knth, Kettle, Stone of Kit sap, Stone of Cowlitz, Van Vieot, Wai'- bass and the Speaker—l 9. Absent—Messrs. Anderson, Briscoe and Taylor. The rules were suspended and the resolution passed. Ayes, 20 ; Noes, 10. Mr. Taylor voting ai/c and Messrs. An derson and Briscoe, no. A consioerable amount of business, consisting of recommendations of the standing committees to whom bills had been referred, mostly acts of incorpo ration or ferry charters, was taken up and disposed of, after which the House adjourned. Restrictive Policy, in British Colombia to From the weekly British Colonist of the sth inst., we extract the following: Governor'* Proclamation. WHEREAS, under and by virtue of un Act of Parliament, made and passed in the 21st and 22d years of the Reign of her Majesty Queen Victoria, entitled an Act to provide for the "Government of British Columbia," anil by a Com mission under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, I, JAMKS DOUGLAS, have been appointed Governor of the said Colony, and have been authorized by Proclamation under the Public Seal of the said Colony, to make laws, institu tions, and ordinances, for the peace, order and government of the same, and WHEREAS, the Port of New West minster is the only Port of Entry for goods in British Columbia— And whereas, many persons have im ported goods into British Columbia across the southern boundary thereof, contrary to law— And whereas, it is expedient that all persons importing goods into British Columbia across the said boundary should be notified that such importa tion is contrary to law, and can he-per mitted only pending the completion of the communications in British Colum bia— \ And whereas, the collection of the Customs duties is rendered very expen sive by the importation of goods across the southern boundary aforesaid, and it is expedient to impose u fine on such importation, to meet the additional cost of collection- Now these are to give notice, 1. That no goods, wares, animals, or merchandise, shall be imported into liritish Columbia, which shall not have been entered at New Westminster aforesaid, unless the duties, tolls, and tines hereinafter specified, shall have been first paid to some duly qual ified oflicer of customs, and such officer shall have first- granted to the importer a permit on behalf of such goods. 2. The duties and tolls aforesaid shall be as follows: A. The duties at present imposed by virtue of the Proclamations of the sec ond day of June, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-nine, and the twen tieth day of August, one thousand eight hundred and sixty. ' B. For every fifty pounds weight avoirdupois of such goods, wares, or merchandise, (and so in proportion for si greater or less quantity than fifty pounds weight of goods), one shilling; miners' packs, carried by the owners and not exceeding thirty pounds weight .avoirdupois, for each man's loud, being exemnt from such duty as aforesaid. C. For every Foh of "RtTch goods, wares, or merchnndrsf^twelvcshillings. 8. In addition to the aforesaid duties and tolls, a fine equivalent to three per cent, on the market value of such goods, wares, animals or merchandise, shall be paid to such officer of Customs— such market value of the goods, wares, animals or merchandise, at the place of collection. 4. Any person evading, or attempt ing to evade, the payment of any of the duties, tolls, or tines aforesaid, shall be fined treble tho amount of tho du ties, tolls, or fines, or any sum not ex ceeding One Hundred Pounds, at the discretion of the Magistrate. 5. Any penalty under this Act may be recovered and enforced before any Magistrate in British Columbia in a summarv wav. l». Tins Proclamation mav l>e cited as the " Southern Boundary Act, 18fi0." Issued under the Public Seal of the said Colony, at Victo- L. 8. ria, Vancouver Island, this twenfy-socond day of Decem ber, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty, and in the twenty-fourth year of Her Majesty's reign, bv me, JAMES DOUGLAS. By his Excellency's command, WILLIAM A."(*. Voir NO, Ailing Colonial Secretary, (ion SAVK TIIK QUEKN. ITphn which tho Colonist comments as follows: Wo publish to-day a proclamation which i equivalent to an act to <vtah- American Trade. lish u Custom llotfse on the Boundary line stretching from the Cascades to the Rocky Mountains. Ostensibly the proclamation is merely for the imposi tion of a fine for introducing mercnan dise into British Columbia via the Dalles; but actually it is the extension of the revenue laws of the Colony to that section to accommodate the Ore gon overland drovers ; traders and mi ners. The manner in which it is put together forcibly reminds tis of the fa mous resolution of the Convention in 1688 which declared the British throne vacant, and the abdication of James 11. complete. That famous resolution said something to please all parties, satisfied Cavaliers and Soundheads, divine-right monarchists aud republicans, and re sulted in placing the Prince of Orange on the throne. The "Southern Bound ary, Act" in like manner, says some thing to please all parties and it is likely to do it. The preamble tells the New Westminster people that it is the only port of entry; and yet any amount of yoods may cross* the boundary, provided they pay three per cent, ad valorem. NeJff, to please the Hope, Douglas and Yale packers, who pay the road tax and ton nage dues, goods are only to be allowed so long as the communications are in complete,—which is tantamount to say ing " pay up your taxes to the road-fund, and the Dalles trade will be stopped" A happy idea certainly, but one that is not likely to be fulfilled; except on the simple ground that the roads leading from Douglas, Yale and Hope will be Cut in such condition that goods can e transported into the interior cheaper than from the Dalles. Even then it will be difficult to foresee when the overland trade will cease. For some time Oregon will supply British Co lumbia with beef; and herds of cattle are very likely to be used first to trans port merchandise before they are sold "lor beef; and consequently the over land trade will be kept alive; except a». 44 1 do order and enact" lay otfi an embargo. Next follows a clause in the preamnle which tells us that it is more expensive to collect duties on the fron tier than at New Westminster; consc- Suently, a fine must bo imposed. Un er guise then of a fine the expedient of making a Custom House on the boundary is carried out. It is an admi rable expedient to extend the revenue laws to the boundary, and hoodwink New Westminster, and others inter ested in the Fraser River trade. Much more straightforward, we think, would have been the conduct of the govern ment, if they had instituted a Custom House at once on the boundary ; than by adopting such a roundabout mode to accomplish the same thing; still the im position of a three per cent fine on all goods crossing the boundary, in addi tion to the duties collected at New Westminster valuation, will act as a cheek to the Dalles traders, and as a protective tariff to Victoria merchants, Fraser River traders, up-country pack ers, and inter-colonial and river steani boatiuen. Whether the protection will amount to as much as its admirers im agine, is a question of which we have many doubts. The three per cent, cal culated on the value of merchandise at the boundary, will virtually amount to four, five, and ten per cent, at Now Westmiuster valuation. This certainly will benefit our traders, or at least tend to turn tho tide of trade from the over land route to Fraser River; yet it is difficult to conclude that so small an additional per centage will effectually check the Dalles trade. The only thing certain about the "Southern Boundary Act" is that it will swell the finances of the country. We have often had occasion to en fa gizc the skill of the British Columbia government in inventing new modes of gettiug taxes; but we cannot refrain from expressing our admiration at their ingenious expedient of avoiding differ ential duties by studiously holding nn that the overland trade is contraband, and a fine must bo imposed. Were our laws to make a certain fixed amount the penalty for an assault, say five dol lars, we could well imagine a man knocking his man down and then run ning to the Police Magistrateand say ing " there's your five dollars for an as sault." 80 it is with importing mer chandise over tho boundary : it is all the time " contrary to law," and yet tho law is satisfied by the payment of tlic tlifoe per cent, and no confiscation. Had tho proclamation established a Cus tom llouso on the frontier instead of recognizing dnd " contrary to law," the tln'ee pei* cent, could never have been collected. For tho latter would have been a differential doty: and otli* Amer ican neighbors entering their merchan dise there would allego that they were not received on nn equality with other nations ; inasmuch as Chili shipment could enter at less duties at New West minster than an Oregon pack train on the boundary line. But the fine and a pertinacious assertion that it is contra ry to law to bring goods over the fron tier is very likely to avoid an interna tional question, and leave the Dalles traders to do the grumbling. On the whole, we arc inclined to be lieve the policv of increasing the fron tier duties will benefit our merchants ? whether the policy can be defended or not, is another question. But like everybody else, our commercial com munity are not likely to question the Southern Boundary Act so long as it " brings a grist to their mill." Neither can the Dalies traders make such an outcry against it, as they would were the proclamation not made known till spring. Now they have received ample notice of the three per cent, fine, and will have from now till spring to ""go vern themselves accordingly." A Virginia Congressman to his Constituents. One of the few Southern men in the present Congress who were eager for the election of Speaker, whether it was to' be Sherman or anybody else, was Sherrard Clemens, who represents the Panhandle or Wheeling District in Congress. Mr. Clemens, it will be re membered, was severely wounded in a duel with O. Jennings Wise, son of Gov. Wise, some three years ago, ami lias been a cripple ever since. His south ern friends supposed that his anxiety to go ahead with the election of Speak er arose from his sickness, but as the session progressed, Clemens was found to be a man of liberal sentiments to wards the North, owing, perhaps, to the rapidly growing free-soil sentiments among his constituents. Mr. Clemens has given further proof of this by a pure gent address, denouncing the disitnion ists as follows: To (tic People of the Wheeling Coixjrcs sioml District, Virginia: Before the Inst Congressional Elect ion, I announced to you my desire to retire from public life. In now repeat ing that determination, 1 have to de clare to you, my deep and unqualified thanks tor your kindness extended to me upon so many occasions in the past: and to assure you that whatever my fu ture late may be, your favor shall* not be forgotten. As a border people, you have peculi ar Interest in the integrity of the Fed eral Government. The result of the recent Presidential election is made the pretext for an assault upon the Consti tution under the forms of which it has been decided. The hot and indecent haste of South Carolina meets Witli my unqualified condemnation/ It perils whatever there may have been of merit hitherto in the cause of the South. It aftbrds no remedy for alleged grievances, but will intensify every one of them. It may precipitate a revolution, which will en A in a return to colonial dependence under the crown of England, or in mak ing the Cotton States mere stipendia ries upon the despotism of Fraucc. It is not necessary now to enlarge upon these considerations. I thank God, I have lived tct do you some ser vice in this crisis. I shall resume my seat at the commencement of the ses l sion, and by my vote and by my voice, I shall resist the consummation this great wrong against the Constitution aud the laws. I &btfll obov no command except that which comes from you. Should you dif fer in opinion with me, shoti'ld you think that treason to the Confederacy - should be dignified with the name of patriotism, let yotfr instructions meet me at Washington, and T will at once resign into yotfr hands all the official Stowcr yoii have so generously con ferred upon inc.. Your obliged fellow-citizen, HIIKHRAKI) CLEMENS. New Orleans, Lai., Nov. 15, 18»>0. — It is a fact little known, that for the first five years of our «'.Jovern ment, the United States Senat# always sat in secret. The first time the door* were opened for public discussion was on the contest as to the right of Albert Gallatin to a scat in the United State.-* Senate. ©op At a recent private fancy ball .In Savannah, a Miss Aldama appeared as Music, with fit least amillion dollars' worth oF diamonds in her attire. Truly, "Music had charms" on that occasion. tig* Boasting is sometimes out of place. We once heard a gentleman remark that he was a bachelor, as his father was before him. BCg=- Sloth is the key to poverty. NO. 11.