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Washington standard. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory) 1860-1921, January 26, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022770/1861-01-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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Ussbiigfvi fit §fani»rl-
Subscript lon Rates:
Per Annum 00
»» Six Months 2 00
Invariably in Atlvnncc.
Advertising Kates:
<Onc Square, one insertion. 00
Kiu-b additional insertion I 00
Business Cards, per quarter, 5 00
A liberal deduction will be made in favor
of those who advertise four squares, or upwards,
by the year.
Notices of births, marriages and deaths in
serted free.
B®"'Blanks, Ilill Heads, Cards, llills of Fare.
Circulars, Catalogues, Pamphlets, &c., executed
at reasonable rates.
OmcK—ln Barnes's Building, corner of Main
and First Streets, near the steamboat landing.
UfegfAU communications, whether on business
or for publication should be addressed to the cdi
The sunset crimsons on the heights,
Flushing the cold snow with its kiss,
The crags are rich with yellow light,—
1 inn all lost in silent hliss,
Thinking of thee.
The reil light pales along the range,
And glooms to mournful violet,
The dving glow grows sad and strange,—
My eyes with some stray tears are wet,
Thinking of thee.
Fall on her, tell her, dying glow,
llow 1 am dreaming of her here,
And kiss for me her snowy lirow, —
Love, I am weak with hone and fear,
Thinking of thee.
We publish the following lines for the especial
consideration of some of our bachelor friends :
LJAHV crowing on your knee,
While you sing Anne little ditty,
I'ulls your hair or thumbs your eye,
Would you think it wasn't pretty ?
Tell ine, could you ?
If you owSKli "the baby," would you?
Wife, with arms about your neck.
Says you "look just like the baby,"
Wants some cash to make A "spec,"
i And you would refuse her—maybe!
Could you. suori.o you?
If you owned "the woman," would you?
Little labor, little strife,
Little cure and little cot:
Would you ,-igli for single life?
Would you murmur at your lot?
Tell inc. should yon?
If you owned the COTTAOK, would you?
Health and comfort, children fair,
Wife to meijl you at thee door.
Fond hearts throbbing for you there,
Tell me. would yon ask for more?
Should you? would you?
If you owned "the ready," would you?
44 My dear Amelia," said Mr.
0. D. Col lone to the young lady whose
smiles he was seeking, 44 1 have long
wished for this sweet opportunity, but
I hardly dare trust myself now to speak
the deep emotions of my palpitating
heart; but I declare to you, my dear
Amelia, that I love you most tenderly;
your smiles would shed—l say your
smiles would shed—would shed—"
44 Never mind the wood-shed," savs
the dear Amelia; 44 g0 on with the
pretty talk."
jflgj'- 44 Dick," said a 44 Hoosier" one
day to a companion in a sleigh-ride,
44 why don't you turn that buffalo-skin
t'other side out ? Don't you know the
hair-side is the warmest?"
44 Bah! Tom, not a bit of it," was the
reply, 44 do you suppose the buffalo
didn't know how to wear it himself?
How did he wear his hide? You git
out! X follow his plan."
flgjy- Tho extremest case of human
weakness on record is that of the poet
and wit, Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes,
who was prevented from delivering a
lecture on account of illness, and wrote
to the committee a letter of apology, in
which ho says, 44 1 ant satisfied that were
I offered a fifty-dollar bill after my lec
ture, I should not have strength enough
left to refuse it."
JRS2t* In St. Louis, recently, a man
nml his wife were engaged in arranging
n separation. The principal difficulty
was the baby, which the woman tear
fully begged to be allowed to keep,
while tho man angrily refused. At
last tho wife almost threw the child
into the husband's arms and exclaimed,
44 Take it; I can soon have another."
g*2T A lady wished a scat. A portly
handsome gentleman brought one and
and seated the lady.
"Oh, you're a jewel," paid she.
"Oh no, replied he, "I'm a jeweler;
I have just set the jewel."
JBST* A little boy of a certain village,
being asked in Sunday School " What
i* the thief end of man?" answered,
"The end what's got the head on."
K>sr* Temperance, health, and wealth
re brother*, living together in peace.
legislative Proceedings—Eighth Session.
SATURDAY, Jan. 12.—Mr. Hubbs— A
memorial praying the establishment of
a Post office iceat Muckelteo, Tulalup Res
ervation, and a l'ost Route from thence
to the town of Snohomish, in the pro
posed new county of the latter name,
which memorial under a suspension of
the rules, passed.
Council passed the bill from the
House, amending the law relating to
liens of mechanics and others. The
House Rill amending the Common
School law, read twice and referred to
the comittee on Education. The bill
from House amending the license law
referred to committee on Ways and
The Council referred two divorce
hills to the committee on .1 udiciarv.
Mr. Miller, introduced a bill to create
the Town of Olympia a School District.
By this hill the* Trustees of the Town
are ex officio, the School Directors of said
District, and have control of the school
fund collected within the Town limits.
On motion of Mr. Hubbs, referred to
committee on Education.
Several acts of Incorporation and
Ferry charters were read and referred
to committee on Corporations.
On motion of Mr. Clark, Council
proceeded to Hall of Representatives,
to meet the House in Joint Conven
tion, under the Joint Resolution to
elect Territorial OtHcers. The follow
ing proceedings were had in said
Mr. Hubbs, President of the Council
in the chair.
On the 31st Rallot, George Gallagher
Esq., was elected Territorial Printer by
the following vote:
For G. Gallagher—Mc-rs. Copies,
Clark and Simms, ot the Council, and
Messrs. Howies, Bozarth, Briscoe, Chap
man, Cline, Coupe, Cunningham, Fer
guson, Foster, llyatt, McCarv, Phillips,
Ruth, Settle, Taylor, Van Yleet, War
bass, and Mr. Shatter, Speaker, of the
House of Representatives. Total, 21.
Scattering IS.
It will be observed that the Democ
racy of the House from the counties of
Tltiirsloii, Pierce and Clarke, harmo
nized to effect this result. Tell us not
hereafter that oil and water will not
mix. Everything is possible, when
you have the means to effect results.
After the exciting question of Pub
lic Printer was disposed of, the Joint
Convention, had little or no difficulty
iu selecting thv following otliccrs.
J no. J). Biles, I). 11. Ferguson and
G. W. < Sibson, Capitol Commissioners;
•las. C. Head, of Thurston, Librarian
and Auditor; I T . G. Warbass M. 1).
of Thurston, Territorial Treasurer; T.
P. Page of Wallo Walla, Brigadier
General; Richard Lane of Thurston,
Quarter Master General; B. R. Stone,
of Kitsap, Commissary General. The
Council soon after retired to their cham
ber and thereupon adjourned.
MONDAY, Jan. 14th, —Mr. Miller pre
sented a remonstrance numerously
signed by citizens of Seabcek, Kitsap
county, against the removal of the Cap
ital ; referred to committee on Public
Buildings and grounds, with instruc
tions to print.
Mr. Miller introduced a bill making
an appropriation for transportation of
the territorial arms. Under suspension
of rules bill passed.
The Council took up and referred to
the committee on federal relations, the
House Memorial praying the continu
ance of the Semi Monthly Mail from
San Francisco to Olympia, via Puget
Sound. A Joint Resolution passed
the House tendering thanks of onr peo
ple to Lieut. John Mullan U. S. Army,
for his services in developing roads &c.,
in this territorv.
The House Bill locating permanently
the County Seat of Kitsap county,
passed under a suspension of the rules.
The bill incorporating the Alphean
Library Association of Olympia, re
ferred to committee on Corporations.
The Council passed the bill divorcing
John and Ann Cantwell.
Mr. Hubbs presented a petition from
citizens of Jcttcrson county in refer
ence to the county revenue ; referred to
committee on Ways and Means, with
instructions to print.
Mr. Hubbs—a petition from Morris
11. Frost, in regard to building a wharf.
Referred to committee on commerce.
Mr. Denny, from committee on Edu
cation, reported the Olympia School
District bill, recommending the striking
out of repealing section. Reportadopt
ed, and bill as amended passed. Then
TUESDAY, Jan. I"».—Mr. Woodard,
an act to apportion the debts and cred
it: of Chenalir. county. Under a sus
pension of the ride. : , the bill parked.
Mr. Denny, a bill in relation to the
road tax iu Kitsap county. Under a
suspension of the rules, bill read three
times and passed.
Mr. Biles introduced a Joint Resolu
tion providing for a .Joint Select Com
mittee to revise the fee bill. This is
really one of the most meritorious sub
jects of legislation introduced this ses
sion. No "one can tell what fees and
costs are chargeable by our law. Some
services are rated much too high, and
many which are compelled by our law,
entirely overlooked. A thorough cure
of this evil to our people will be hailed
with hearty satisfaction by the people
of the Territory. It passed unani
mously—the rules suspended.
The bill amending the Common
School Law reported with amendment,
by committee on Education, was passed.
It seems this law is amended every ses
sion. Is it not time to repeal all the
different acts and begin anew'! While
striving to patch up the old law, would
it not be better to adopt a new school
system altogether V
The Avery divorce hill was then tak
en up, the testimony read, and the bill
passed. Also the hill divorcing IS. 11.
Thompson and Elizabeth, his wife.
Mr. Miller introduced a bill abolish
ing the olKcc of ('ounty Assessor. Re
ferred to committee on Ways and
The Council took up House bill rela
ting to legislative divorces. It provides
that no case will be considered by any
subsequent Legislative Assembly, with
out a notice shall have been published
six weeks in some newspaper, of the
intention of party to make application.
Mr. Denny moved to lengthen the
time to Ihnr month's publication of no
tice. Adopted. Bill as amended read
third time and passed.
The passage of such a bill after the
flood of divorces of this session, is really
wholesome. It exhibits a return of
proper feeling. Surely this act deserves
great commendation, if for no other
reason, the attempt to discourage such
constant appeals to the assembly for
legislative divorces.
Following this, Mr. Miller introduced
a memorial praying Congress to amend
the Organic Act so as to expressly pro
hibit the Legislature from granting di
vorces. This assertion of a itesirc to be
jn't'l'fnh'tl from t/tiiiti/ eeil, speaks will fur
the Council. It is a matter of gratula
tion that the Council, under a suspen
sion of the rules, passed this memorial.
TIIVUSDAY, 10— Afternoon Session.—
The House took up House bill No. 2*,
the new Interest Law, introduced by
Judge Hays, of Thurston county. It
had been defeated in the morning by it
vote of 17 to 15], and reconsidered, on
motion of Mr. Chapman. Being again
put on its final passage, the following
was the vote:
AYES —Messrs. Anderson, Tlerry, Bris
coe, Coupe, Cline, Cunningham, Hate,
Harris , Jfui/s, McCary, J'imli/, Ruth,
Shme of Cowlitz, Stcarncs, and Taylor
NOES —Messrs. Bowles, Bozarth, Can
nady, Chapman, Ferguson, Foster,
Hastings, Hyatt, Pingrce, Phillips, Set
tle, Stone of Kitsap, Van Vlect, War
bass, and the Speaker— ls.
[Republicans in italics.] — REP.
This hill made, the legal rate ten per
cent, per annum, Irfit allowed a special
contract to be made in writing whereby
the maximum rate to be charged was
one per cent, per month.
Several ferry bills, and bills of local
character, acted upon aud passed, and
House adjourned.
FRIDAY, Jan. 11.—Mr. Van Ylect in
troduced a bill to incorporate the Van
couver Hibernian Benevolent Society.
Under a suspension of the rules, bill
Mr. Phillips, a joint resolution rela
tive to the examination of the accounts
of Territorial Auditor uud Treasurer.
This also passed.
Mr. Hays,a bill for the relief of R. M.
Walker. Referred, on motion of Mr.
to committee on Claims.
Mr. Cannady introduced ajoint reso
lution expressing thanks to Lieut. John
Mullau, IT. S. A. Mr. Bowles moved
to indefinitely postpone, and called the
yeas and nays. Tho following is the
AYES Messrs. Bowles, Bozartli,
Chapman, Ferguson, Foster, Hyatt,
MeCjiry, and Stearnes—B.
NOES — Messrs. Berry, Cannady,
riinc, Coupe, Cunningham, Ilale,
Harris, Hastings, Hays, I'engrec, Phil
lips, Purdv, Knth, Kettle, Stone of Kit
sap, Stone of Cowlitz, Van Vieot, Wai'-
bass and the Speaker—l 9.
Absent—Messrs. Anderson, Briscoe
and Taylor.
The rules were suspended and the
resolution passed. Ayes, 20 ; Noes, 10.
Mr. Taylor voting ai/c and Messrs. An
derson and Briscoe, no.
A consioerable amount of business,
consisting of recommendations of the
standing committees to whom bills had
been referred, mostly acts of incorpo
ration or ferry charters, was taken up
and disposed of, after which the House
Restrictive Policy, in British Colombia to
From the weekly British Colonist of
the sth inst., we extract the following:
Governor'* Proclamation.
WHEREAS, under and by virtue of
un Act of Parliament, made and passed
in the 21st and 22d years of the Reign
of her Majesty Queen Victoria, entitled
an Act to provide for the "Government
of British Columbia," anil by a Com
mission under the Great Seal of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, I, JAMKS DOUGLAS, have
been appointed Governor of the said
Colony, and have been authorized by
Proclamation under the Public Seal of
the said Colony, to make laws, institu
tions, and ordinances, for the peace,
order and government of the same, and
WHEREAS, the Port of New West
minster is the only Port of Entry for
goods in British Columbia—
And whereas, many persons have im
ported goods into British Columbia
across the southern boundary thereof,
contrary to law—
And whereas, it is expedient that all
persons importing goods into British
Columbia across the said boundary
should be notified that such importa
tion is contrary to law, and can he-per
mitted only pending the completion of
the communications in British Colum
bia— \
And whereas, the collection of the
Customs duties is rendered very expen
sive by the importation of goods across
the southern boundary aforesaid, and it
is expedient to impose u fine on such
importation, to meet the additional
cost of collection-
Now these are to give notice,
1. That no goods, wares, animals, or
merchandise, shall be imported into
liritish Columbia, which shall not have
been entered at New Westminster
aforesaid, unless the duties, tolls,
and tines hereinafter specified, shall
have been first paid to some duly qual
ified oflicer of customs, and such officer
shall have first- granted to the importer
a permit on behalf of such goods.
2. The duties and tolls aforesaid shall
be as follows:
A. The duties at present imposed by
virtue of the Proclamations of the sec
ond day of June, one thousand eight
hundred and fifty-nine, and the twen
tieth day of August, one thousand eight
hundred and sixty.
' B. For every fifty pounds weight
avoirdupois of such goods, wares, or
merchandise, (and so in proportion for
si greater or less quantity than fifty
pounds weight of goods), one shilling;
miners' packs, carried by the owners
and not exceeding thirty pounds weight
.avoirdupois, for each man's loud, being
exemnt from such duty as aforesaid.
C. For every Foh of "RtTch goods,
wares, or merchnndrsf^twelvcshillings.
8. In addition to the aforesaid duties
and tolls, a fine equivalent to three per
cent, on the market value of such goods,
wares, animals or merchandise, shall
be paid to such officer of Customs—
such market value of the goods, wares,
animals or merchandise, at the place of
4. Any person evading, or attempt
ing to evade, the payment of any of
the duties, tolls, or tines aforesaid, shall
be fined treble tho amount of tho du
ties, tolls, or fines, or any sum not ex
ceeding One Hundred Pounds, at the
discretion of the Magistrate.
5. Any penalty under this Act may
be recovered and enforced before any
Magistrate in British Columbia in a
summarv wav.
l». Tins Proclamation mav l>e cited
as the " Southern Boundary Act, 18fi0."
Issued under the Public Seal
of the said Colony, at Victo-
L. 8. ria, Vancouver Island, this
twenfy-socond day of Decem
ber, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty,
and in the twenty-fourth year of Her
Majesty's reign, bv me,
By his Excellency's command,
WILLIAM A."(*. Voir NO,
Ailing Colonial Secretary,
ITphn which tho Colonist comments
as follows:
Wo publish to-day a proclamation
which i equivalent to an act to <vtah-
American Trade.
lish u Custom llotfse on the Boundary
line stretching from the Cascades to
the Rocky Mountains. Ostensibly the
proclamation is merely for the imposi
tion of a fine for introducing mercnan
dise into British Columbia via the
Dalles; but actually it is the extension
of the revenue laws of the Colony to
that section to accommodate the Ore
gon overland drovers ; traders and mi
ners. The manner in which it is put
together forcibly reminds tis of the fa
mous resolution of the Convention in
1688 which declared the British throne
vacant, and the abdication of James 11.
complete. That famous resolution said
something to please all parties, satisfied
Cavaliers and Soundheads, divine-right
monarchists aud republicans, and re
sulted in placing the Prince of Orange
on the throne. The "Southern Bound
ary, Act" in like manner, says some
thing to please all parties and it is likely
to do it. The preamble tells the New
Westminster people that it is the only
port of entry; and yet any amount of
yoods may cross* the boundary, provided
they pay three per cent, ad valorem. NeJff,
to please the Hope, Douglas and Yale
packers, who pay the road tax and ton
nage dues, goods are only to be allowed
so long as the communications are in
complete,—which is tantamount to say
ing " pay up your taxes to the road-fund,
and the Dalles trade will be stopped" A
happy idea certainly, but one that is
not likely to be fulfilled; except on the
simple ground that the roads leading
from Douglas, Yale and Hope will be
Cut in such condition that goods can
e transported into the interior cheaper
than from the Dalles. Even then it
will be difficult to foresee when the
overland trade will cease. For some
time Oregon will supply British Co
lumbia with beef; and herds of cattle
are very likely to be used first to trans
port merchandise before they are sold
"lor beef; and consequently the over
land trade will be kept alive; except
a». 44 1 do order and enact" lay otfi an
embargo. Next follows a clause in the
preamnle which tells us that it is more
expensive to collect duties on the fron
tier than at New Westminster; consc-
Suently, a fine must bo imposed. Un
er guise then of a fine the expedient
of making a Custom House on the
boundary is carried out. It is an admi
rable expedient to extend the revenue
laws to the boundary, and hoodwink
New Westminster, and others inter
ested in the Fraser River trade. Much
more straightforward, we think, would
have been the conduct of the govern
ment, if they had instituted a Custom
House at once on the boundary ; than
by adopting such a roundabout mode to
accomplish the same thing; still the im
position of a three per cent fine on all
goods crossing the boundary, in addi
tion to the duties collected at New
Westminster valuation, will act as a
cheek to the Dalles traders, and as a
protective tariff to Victoria merchants,
Fraser River traders, up-country pack
ers, and inter-colonial and river steani
boatiuen. Whether the protection will
amount to as much as its admirers im
agine, is a question of which we have
many doubts. The three per cent, cal
culated on the value of merchandise at
the boundary, will virtually amount to
four, five, and ten per cent, at Now
Westmiuster valuation. This certainly
will benefit our traders, or at least tend
to turn tho tide of trade from the over
land route to Fraser River; yet it is
difficult to conclude that so small an
additional per centage will effectually
check the Dalles trade. The only
thing certain about the "Southern
Boundary Act" is that it will swell the
finances of the country.
We have often had occasion to en fa
gizc the skill of the British Columbia
government in inventing new modes
of gettiug taxes; but we cannot refrain
from expressing our admiration at their
ingenious expedient of avoiding differ
ential duties by studiously holding nn
that the overland trade is contraband,
and a fine must bo imposed. Were our
laws to make a certain fixed amount
the penalty for an assault, say five dol
lars, we could well imagine a man
knocking his man down and then run
ning to the Police Magistrateand say
ing " there's your five dollars for an as
sault." 80 it is with importing mer
chandise over tho boundary : it is all
the time " contrary to law," and yet
tho law is satisfied by the payment of
tlic tlifoe per cent, and no confiscation.
Had tho proclamation established a Cus
tom llouso on the frontier instead of
recognizing dnd " contrary to law," the
tln'ee pei* cent, could never have been
collected. For tho latter would have
been a differential doty: and otli* Amer
ican neighbors entering their merchan
dise there would allego that they were
not received on nn equality with other
nations ; inasmuch as Chili shipment
could enter at less duties at New West
minster than an Oregon pack train on
the boundary line. But the fine and a
pertinacious assertion that it is contra
ry to law to bring goods over the fron
tier is very likely to avoid an interna
tional question, and leave the Dalles
traders to do the grumbling.
On the whole, we arc inclined to be
lieve the policv of increasing the fron
tier duties will benefit our merchants ?
whether the policy can be defended
or not, is another question. But like
everybody else, our commercial com
munity are not likely to question the
Southern Boundary Act so long as it
" brings a grist to their mill." Neither
can the Dalies traders make such an
outcry against it, as they would were
the proclamation not made known till
spring. Now they have received ample
notice of the three per cent, fine, and
will have from now till spring to ""go
vern themselves accordingly."
A Virginia Congressman to his Constituents.
One of the few Southern men in the
present Congress who were eager for
the election of Speaker, whether it was
to' be Sherman or anybody else, was
Sherrard Clemens, who represents the
Panhandle or Wheeling District in
Congress. Mr. Clemens, it will be re
membered, was severely wounded in a
duel with O. Jennings Wise, son of
Gov. Wise, some three years ago, ami
lias been a cripple ever since. His south
ern friends supposed that his anxiety
to go ahead with the election of Speak
er arose from his sickness, but as the
session progressed, Clemens was found
to be a man of liberal sentiments to
wards the North, owing, perhaps, to the
rapidly growing free-soil sentiments
among his constituents. Mr. Clemens
has given further proof of this by a pure
gent address, denouncing the disitnion
ists as follows:
To (tic People of the Wheeling Coixjrcs
sioml District, Virginia:
Before the Inst Congressional Elect
ion, I announced to you my desire to
retire from public life. In now repeat
ing that determination, 1 have to de
clare to you, my deep and unqualified
thanks tor your kindness extended to
me upon so many occasions in the past:
and to assure you that whatever my fu
ture late may be, your favor shall* not
be forgotten.
As a border people, you have peculi
ar Interest in the integrity of the Fed
eral Government. The result of the
recent Presidential election is made the
pretext for an assault upon the Consti
tution under the forms of which it has
been decided.
The hot and indecent haste of South
Carolina meets Witli my unqualified
condemnation/ It perils whatever
there may have been of merit hitherto
in the cause of the South. It aftbrds
no remedy for alleged grievances, but
will intensify every one of them. It
may precipitate a revolution, which will
en A in a return to colonial dependence
under the crown of England, or in mak
ing the Cotton States mere stipendia
ries upon the despotism of Fraucc.
It is not necessary now to enlarge
upon these considerations. I thank
God, I have lived tct do you some ser
vice in this crisis. I shall resume my
seat at the commencement of the ses
l sion, and by my vote and by my voice,
I shall resist the consummation this
great wrong against the Constitution
aud the laws.
I &btfll obov no command except that
which comes from you. Should you dif
fer in opinion with me, shoti'ld you
think that treason to the Confederacy -
should be dignified with the name of
patriotism, let yotfr instructions meet
me at Washington, and T will at once
resign into yotfr hands all the official
Stowcr yoii have so generously con
ferred upon inc..
Your obliged fellow-citizen,
New Orleans, Lai., Nov. 15, 18»>0.

It is a fact little known, that
for the first five years of our «'.Jovern
ment, the United States Senat# always
sat in secret. The first time the door*
were opened for public discussion was
on the contest as to the right of Albert
Gallatin to a scat in the United State.-*
©op At a recent private fancy ball
.In Savannah, a Miss Aldama appeared
as Music, with fit least amillion dollars'
worth oF diamonds in her attire. Truly,
"Music had charms" on that occasion.
tig* Boasting is sometimes out of
place. We once heard a gentleman
remark that he was a bachelor, as his
father was before him.
BCg=- Sloth is the key to poverty.
NO. 11.

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