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VOL. 111. <Tl\p ®l;isliinoton Standard. IS ISKLT.n r.VKUY S VTt UDAY MOUNINO lIY JOII\ JIIIifiKSI 111 KFIIY, Editor and Proprietor. Subscription Hates: l'or annum... ; r '<] • 4 six months * t w Simile copies IXr.IttI.UILY IX ADV.I.XCIi. AdvprflMliiff Kales: One square, one insertion #3 00 Kaeli additional insertion 1 00 business cants, per quarter o 00 rj* A. liberal d -Auction will bo inacle in fuvor of those who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. (D*Lej*il notices will be charged to the attorney or officer, authorizing tln-ir insertion. ([7" Advertisements sent from ;i distance, and tran ieat notices, must be accompanied by the cash. |J J» Notices of births, in -images and deaths inserted free of charge. JO* All com nunie iti ins, \\heth-r KM business or for publication, mast be addressed t.) the dlitor of the \VASIIINI! rnx SI VV|P vui). T"S* lil inUs, bill-heads, cards, bills of fare, posters, programmes, circul irs, catalogues, pamphlets, etc., i-x --i .uiVd at reasonable rates. Ot'FH'K —In II irnes's building, corner of Main and Kir-t streets, near til? st ruu'iont landing. orninii. LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES, Pan-Mil at the Third S ■•union of the Thirty- Scri.nth < -oiujrt Cuvi'. LXX.—An act to amend an Act en titled "An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado. Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of lleiirenentatirex of the United States of Amer ica in Congress a use in hied. That, the second section of the act to which this act is nil amendment bo altered so as to read as fol lows: The executive authority in anil over s tid Territory of C dorado shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for four years, and until his successor shall be ap pointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President of the United States. The Governor shall reside within said Territory, shall be commander-in-chief of the militia thereof, shall perform the duties and receive the emoluments of superintendent of Indian Affairs; lie may grant pardons for offences against the laws of said Territory, and re prieves for offences against the laws of the United States, until the decision of the Pres ident can be made known thereon ; lie shall commission all officers who shall be ap pointed to office under the laws of said Ter ritory, and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. Sec. 2. And he it further enacted. That every bill which shall have passed the- legis lative assembly, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the Governor of the Territory; if he approve, he shall sign it; hut if not, he shall return it. with his objec tions, to the house in which it originated, who shall e iter the objections at large on their journal and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two thirds of that house Rliall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall like wise be reconsidered ; and, if approved by two thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all such cas.-s the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, to be entered on the journals of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the assembly, by adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not become a law. Sec. 3. And he it further enacted , Thai section nine of the act to which this act is amendatory be altered so as to read as fol lows: Section 9. Ami he it further enacted. That the judicial power of said Territory shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, probate courts, and justices of the peace. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and two associate justices, any two of whom shall constitute a quorum, and who shall hold a term at the seat of government of said Territory annually, and they shall hold their offices during a period of four years. The said Territory shall be divided into three judicial districts, and a district court shall be held in each of said districts by one of the justices of the su preme court at such time and place as may be prescribed by law ; and the said judges rhall, after their appointments, respectively reside in the districts which shall be assigned them. The jurisdiction of the several courts herein provided for, both appellate and orig inal, and of justices of the peace, shall be as limited by law : Prodded , That justices of the peace shall not have jurisdiction of any matter in controversy when the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute, or when the debt or sum claimed shall exceed three hundred dollars ; and the said probate court shall not have jurisdiction of any mat ter in controversy when the debt or sum claimed shall exceed the sum of two thous and dollars ; and said supreme and district court shall have authority for redress of all wrongs committed against the constitution and laws of the United States ; and the said supreme, district, and probate court, respect ively, shall possess chancery as well as com mon law jurisdiction and authoriiy for the redress of all wrongs committed against the laws of said Territory, affecting persons or property. Each district court, or the judge thereof, shall appoint its clerk, who shall also be the register in chancery, and shall keep his office at the place where the court may be held. Writs of eiror, bills of excep tions, ami appeals shall be allowed from the final decisions of said district and probate courts to the supreme court, under such reg ulations ns shall be prescribed by law : but in no case removed to the supreme court shall trial by jury be allowed in said court. The supreme court, or justices thereof, shall appoint its own clerk, and every clerk shall hold his office at the pleasure of the court for which he sludl have been appointed. Writs of error, and appeals from the final decisions of said supreme court shall be allowed and may be taken to the supreme court of the United States, in the same manner and un der the same regulations as from the circuit courts of the United States, when the value of the property, or the amount in controver sy, to be ascertained by the onth or affirma tion of either party, or other competent wit ness, shall exceed one thousand dollars : and each of said supreme and di .trict c uirts shall have and exercise the same jurisdiction in all cases arising under the constitution and laws of the United States as is vested in the cir cuit and district courts of the United States; and the said supreme and district courts of saiil Territory, and the respective judges thereof, shall and may giant writs of habeas corpus in all cas-'s in which the same are granted by the judges ol the United States in the District of Columbia: and the first six days of every term of said courts, or so much thereof as shall b,- necessary, shall be appro priated to the trial of rinses arising under the said constitution and laws ; and writs of error and appeals in all siieh cases shall be made to the supreme court of said Territory the same as in other easts. The s tid clerk shall receive in all such cases tlu- same fees which the cleiks of the dis ri t courts of Or egon Territory received for similar services. See. 4. And he it further enacted , That, the provisions of sections on<» and two of this act shall be applicable to the Territory of Da kota, and shall have like effect as in the Ter- ritory of Colorado. Ai'Pßovr.n, March -, 1 Mi;i. [Prni.ii' —X<>. 77. ] An act to modify existing laws imposing Duties on Imports, and for other Pur poses. lie it enacted hi/ the Senate and House of llepresentatires of the United States of Amer ica in Congress assembled, That, all goods, wares, and merchandise now in public stores or bonded warehouses, on which duties are unpaid, having been in bond more than one year and less than three years, when the act entitled "Ail act increasing temporarily, the duties on imports, and for other purposes," approved July fourteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, went into effect, may be en tered for consumption and the bonds can celled, at any time before the first day of June next, on payment of duties at the rates prescribed by the act aforesaid, and all acts, and parts of acts, inconsistent with the pro visions of this aet are hereby repealed. See. 'J. And hi' it farther enacted, That section fourteen of an act entitled, " An aet increasing temporarily the duties on imports, and for other purposes," approved July four teenth, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, be, and the sitne hen by is, modified so as to allow eotton and raw silk as reeled from the cocoon, of the g owth or produce of countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope, to be ex empt from any additional duty when im ported from places this side of the Cape of Good Hope, for two year; from and after the passage of this aet. See. 3. A/id he it farther enacted, That so much of an act entitled " An act to author ize protection to be given to citizens of the United States, who may discover deposits of guano," approved August eighteen, eighteen hundred and fifty-six, as prohibits the export thereof, is hereby suspended in relation to all persons who have complied with the provis ions of section second of said act for two years from and after July fourteenth, eight een hundred and sixty-three. Sec. 4. And he it further enacted, That the proviso in section fifteen of an act enti tled "An act increasing temp irarily the du ties on imports, and for other purposes," ap proved July fourteen, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, shall bo construed to include any ship, vessel, or steamer to or from any port or place south of Mexico down to and in cluding Aspinwall and Panama. Sec. 5. And he it further enacted. That in lieu of the duties now imposed by law there shall be levied and collected upon printing j paper unsized, used for books and newspa pers exclusively, twenty per centum ad val orem ; upon seedlac and sticklac the samo duties now imposed upon gum shellac; upon polishing powders of till descriptions. Frank fort black, and llerlin, Chinese, Fig and wash blue, twenty.five per centum ad val- i orem. Sec. 6. And be it farther enacted. That from and after the passage of this act, the duty on petroleum and coal illuminating oil, crude and not refined, when imported from foreign countries in a crude state, shall be twenty per centum ad valorem, and no more. Sec. 7. And he it. further enacted, That from and after the passage of this act, there shall be allowed a drawback on foreign salt petre, manufactured into gunpowder in the United States and exported therefrom, equal in amount to the duty paid on foreign salt petre from which it shall be manufactured, to be ascertained under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, and no more: Prorided, That ten per centum on the amount of all drawbacks so allowed shall be retained for the use of OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29, 1803. the United States by the collectors paying such drawbacks respectively. AI'I'IIOVRD, -March 3, LBGJ. [PCHLIC —No. 78.J An act to promote the efficiency of the Corps of Engineers and of the Ordnance De partment, and for other Purposes. He it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre*entatire.i of' the United States of Amer ica in Congress assembled. That the corps of topographical engineers, us a distinct branch of the army, is hereby abolished, and from and after the passage of this act, is merged into the corps of engineers, which shall have the following organization, viz : one chief engineer, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of a brigadier-general: four col onels : ten lieutenant-colonels: twenty ma jors: thirty captains; thirty first lieutenants, and ten second lieutenants. Sec. 2. And he it further enacted. That the general officer provided by the first sec tion of this act shall be selected from the corps of engine rs as therein established: and that officers of all lower grades shall take rank according to their respective dates of commission in the existing corps of engin eers or corps of topographical engineers. Sec. 3. And he it further enacted. That no officer of the corps of engineers below the rank of a field-officer shall, hereafter, be promoted to a higher grade before having passed a satisfactory examination before a board of three engineers senior to him in rank : and should the officer fail at said ex amination, he shall be suspended from pro motion from [for] one year, when be shall be re-examined, and, upon a second failure, shall be dropped by the President from the armv. Sec. -I. Anil he if further cnactnl. That there shall be added to the ordnance depa«t incut one lieutenant-colonel, two majors, eight captains, eight first lieutenants; the additional officers herein authorized to be ap pointed bv promotion, so far as the present officers of the ordnance corps will permit: and the residue to be appointed by transfers from other regiments or corps of the army ; Prorhled, That no ofliccr of the ordnance department below the rank of a field oliicer shall be promoted or commissioned to a higher grade, nor shall any oliicer of the army be commissioned as an ordnance officer until lie shall have passed a satisfactory ex amination before a board of not less than three ordnance officers, senior to him in rank: and should such officer fail 011 such examination he shall be suspended from pro motion or appointment for one year, when he may be re-examined before a like board : and if, upon such second examination, an ordnance officer fail, he shall be dismissed from the service, and if an officer of the army he shall not he commissioned. Sep. o. And In' il furthn • innrlnl, That section two of the net approved March three, eighteen hundred and forty-nine, entitled " An act to provide fur the payment of horses and other property lost or destroyed in the military service of the United States," shall be construed to include steamboats and other vessels, and " railroad engines and ears," in the property to be allowed and paid for when destroyed or lost under the circum stances provided for in said act. Sec. G. And he it further enacted, That all payments of advance bounty made to en listed men who have been discharged before serving out the term required by law for its payment in full shall be allowed in the set tlement of the accounts of paymasters at the treasury; but hereafter, in all such cases, the amount so advanced shall be charged against the enlisted men. unless the discharge be upon surgeon's certificate for wounds re ceived or sickness incurred since their last enlistment. Sec. 7. And he it further enacted, That upon any requisition hereafter being made by the President of the United States for militia, any person who shall have volun teered or been drafted for the service of the United States for the term of nine months, or a shorter period, may enlist into a regi ment from the same state to serve for the term of one year, and any person so enlist ing shall be entitled to and receive a bounty of fifty dollars, to be paid in time and man ner provided by the act of July twenty-sec ond, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, for the payment of the bounty provided for by that act. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the officers of tlic medical department shall unite with the line officers of the army under such rules and regulations as shall be pre scribed by the Secretary of War, in super vising the cooking within the same as an important sanitary measure, and that said medical department shall promulgate to its officers such regulations and instiuctions as may tend to insure the proper preparation of the ration of the soldier. Sec. 9. And he it. further enacted, That cooks shall be detailed, in turn, from the privates of each company of troops in the service of the United States, at the rate of one cook for each company numbering less than thirty men, and two cooks for each company numbering over thirty men, who shall serve ten days each. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted , That the President of the United States, be, and he is hereby, authorized to be enlisted, for each cook, two under-cooks of African de scent, who 6hall receive for their full com pensation ten dollars per month, and one ra tion per day—three dollars of said monthly pay may be in clothing. See. 11. And be it j>n ther enacted, That the army ration shall hereafter include pep per, in the proportion of four ounces to ev ery hundred rations. Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the increase of rank of officers, and in the number of officers provided for in this act, shall continue only during the existence of the present rebellion; and thereafter the several officers promoted under this act shall have the respective rank they would have had if this act had not passed, and the number shall be reduced by the President to the number authorized by law prior to the pas sage of this act. APVHOVKD, March 3, 1803. WHAT is CillißK ?— PROY pardon tin* nan of a slang limi; Impudence will not do, tor it may exist without shrewdness; nor Self possession, for tliat is a passive rather than an active virtue; nor Courage, which is often allied with inodestv; nor IJoldness, which a man may have without humor. True, vou may say that a man has tho face to sav or do anything; hilt that is a roundabout way of expressing oneself, and you cannot speak of his face in an allegorical sense, or call him /inn/, (irant me the term, then, ami I will endeavor to explain it to my young-brotlier less lady readers. Cheek, is a rare union of fun, impudence, readiness, persever ence, and intelligence, endowing its possessor with thi' powi-r of walking quietly over social obstacles ; which form an impassable brrrier to the majority of mankind. For example, it was " check " that gave IMagones the ndvan tagu over Alexander; that procured wives (it is groat at that) for the early Unmans; that got dearold Falstnft'out of all his scrapes, enabling him to "make a good end" instead ot a parlous b-d one j that procured James Hoswell admission to a club and nicli in his tory denied to many a better man; that en abled tin) great Partium to gull his fellow creatures out of a fortune, and when he had spent that, to make a second by telling his dupes, fire to fice, how he had done them.— Onre it 11 'n k. TIIB ADVANTAGE AT CHARLESTON ON THI: L\X ION SI IM:. —The rebels begin to have 'vivid glimpses of the "situation," since the fall of Yieksburg, and Port Hudson, the de feat of Leo, and the nearly successful as sault upon Fort Wagner, which the Charles ton Mercury says is the key to Charleston. That paper of the 14th of July, says: It appears to us useless to attempt to dis guise from ourselves the situation. By whose fault we got into it is vain now to in quire. The Yankees have gotten possession of the southern half of Morris Island. There is but one way to save the city of Charleston, and that is the speedy and un flinching use of the bayonet. If the fight on Morris Island is to be now fought by en gineering and cannon merely, the advantage is with the enemy. With their iron-dads 011 water, and their men in occupation of tho land, it is likely to become a question of time. The fall of Fort Wagner ends in the fall of Charleston. Fort Sumter, like Fort Wagner, will then be assailable by both land and sea, and the fate of Fort Pulaski will be that of Sumter. (Jen. (iilmorc, commander of the department, is the man who reduced Fort Pulaski. fgr" An old lawyer was giving ad vice to his .-on who was just entering upon the practice of liis father's* profession. "My sou," said the councellor, "it you have n case where tleilaw is clearly on your side, but justice seems to be clearly against yon, urge upon the jury the vast importance of sustaining the law. It on the other linnd you are in doubt about the law, but your client's case is founded on justice, insibt on the necessity of doing justice though the heavens should fall." " But," asked the son, " how shall I manage a case when both law and justice are dead against me?" "In that, case," replied the lawyer, " talk round it!" SOMKTHI.VU TO LOVE. —The human heart has of course its pouting fits; it determines to live alone; to fieo iuto desert places; to have no employment, that is, to love nothiug; but to keep on sileutly beating, beating, boating, until ueath lays his little linger on the sulky thing, and ail is still. It goes away from the world, and strnightwny, shut from humau coinpany.it falls in love with n plant, a stone, yea, it dandles cat or dog, and calls the crea ture darling. Yes, it is the beautiful necessity of our nnture to love something. A\' KIIROR CORRECTED. —Jerrold was se riously disappointed with a certain hook written by one of his friends. This friend heard that Jen old had expressed his disap pointment. Friend, (to Jerrold) —" I hear you said was the worst book I ever wrote." Jerrold —" No, I didn't. I said it was the worst book any body ever wrote. THH HEASO.N WHY.— One evening at the Museum Club a member very ostentatiously said, in a loud voice: " Isn't it strange, wc had no fish at the Marquis' last night ? That has happened twice lately'. I cau't account for it." " Nor I," replied Jerrold, " unless tbey ate it all up stairs." YOUNG LADIES' ACCOMPLISHMENTS. —BIess their little fillagree hearts! before they marry they ought to perform quarantiuo in cotton, and servo seven years to pies and puddings. SELF-RESPECT. —SeIf-respect! why it's the ballast of the ship. Without it, let the craft be what eho will, she'a but a fine sea-coffin at the best. [Prom the Sacramento Union.] Military Growth of the Nation. In tile lmrry of exciting events attending the death throes of the Southern rebellion, we are apt to overlook the astonishing growth of military capacity upon the Union side. Turning hack to the Spring of 1861, when the confident traitors opened their batteries against the Government, it will be found that thrt nu-n who were conspicuous agents in firing the Southern heart, held and expres sed n cheap estimate of the fighting temper of those busy, toiling, trading communities north of the Potomac. In fact, while preach ing the beauties of seceFsion, some of the ora tors of Dixie assured their ignorant auditors that there would bo no war, because the " Yankees " had no stomach for the struggle. Others were confident that if President Lin coln dared to take up the gauntlet of the Palmetto knights, a Southern army could im mediately march for the North and dictate the terms of peace in Philadelphia. The con ceited Peauregard sneered at our first raw levies as an " armed rabble led by an octoge narian," adding that the person who cocld doubt tho issue of the contest must be demen ted. We have been subject to taunts on ac count of the ninety days prophecies of Secre tary Seward—predictions probably designed tot>crve a diplomatic purpose; but it is the simple truth to say that, at the beginning of the war, there was scarcely a rebel orator or editor who did not predict the decisive tri umph of the usurpation, by force of arms as well as by foreign recognition, before the close of the first year of the contest. Foreign critics sneered at the military movements of both belligerents. We were told that volun teers would not submit to rigid discipline; that we had no leaders capable of handling large armies, and that our battles would be nothing more than skirmishes. Allowance can lie made for the ignorance and intense prejudice of these foreign critics. Put how are we to account for the absurd boasting of Jeff. Davis, Peaureganl and others who had fought side by side with Northern soldiers in the Mexican war I Were they blinded by the mists of conceit, or were they deliberately deluding the ignorant masses of the South? The truth was that while there was abundance or personal pluck 011 both sides, when the re bellion began, neither belligerants was pre pared to carry 011 a war on a grand scale. Moth found immense difficulty in organizing armies, subjecting the volunteers to discipline and selecting competent commanders. The advantage of preparation was with the rebels. They were drilling and scraping lint while those who represented the North were toy ing persuasively with olive branches of peace and compromise. The enemy also had better horses and more practiced horsemen for the cavalry service than wo could command. A more decided advantage still was with the rebel side. Thoy had a definite purpose and their leaders were zealous in seeking a cer tain aim. Our Generals—except the earnest, resolute Lyon—were compromise men, who affected to discredit tho idea that the rebels really wanted to dissolve the Uuion. | We often speak of 'GI as our year of pre paration. We havo never ceased to prepare —to improve our plans and organization—to correct our early mistakes—to prow in fight ing capacity and knowledge of the art of war. The strife has bred its own Generals—men capable of handling large armies, and of ex l li.misting the resources of attack and defense, i We have no Napoleon—for such Generals 1 are century plants. Old Europe, with her chronic wars and huge armies cannot boast of a General of a higher order of ability than Sonlt or Dessaix. Allowance must he made, also, for the natural difficulties of the country, the lack of topographical knowledge, and the use of new artillery, requiring special study. Our infantry, cavalry and artillery will now, we think, stand the test of comparison with any in the world. The foreigner has ceased to sneer at our " skirmishers," and begun to protest against the terribly destructive char acter of ttie battles fought. As for the plan tation opinion of the capacity of free States to sustain a protracted war withont financial ruin, to withstand the array of "Southern steel," to send horsemen into the field able to meet th« troopers of Stuart, to fight successful ly beyond tbe cover of gunboats, and to sub jugate traitors, we imagine there has been a mighty, but tardy, revulsion. Hut one battle has been fought upon Northern soil. South ern cities carefully fortified and defended, have been captured and held. Our cavalry have defeated Stuart's horsemen in H dozen fights and raided the South ina style uever equaled by the enemy. We have repeatedly attack ed and driven the foo from tno strongest po sitions, and the majority of the battles fought in the open field have terminated in National victories. Finally, while the slave States have been devastated, and their power of rais ing armies exhausted, the free States have maintained peace within their borders, enjoy ed an extraordinary degree of prosperity, and shown that, should the emergency require it, they can put another army in the field out numbering the huge masses of the past and present campaigns. A more decisive vindi cation of democratic institutions could not be desired. Beneficent in peace, they have de monstrated their tendency to strengthen the siuews of war. It is now said that the South is the weaker section, and that she has dis played wonderful ability in maintaining the struggle so long against superior numbers. But the leaders and orginators of the rebel lion contended that the slave States were the strongest, and they never would have begun the fight if they had not thought so. They asserted that we were a nation of sordid tra ders, whose numbers would not avail in a cou test with the " military people " of the South. Wo concede the vnlor of tlieir soldier* and the proficiency of some of their Generals. They have shown their ability to defeat any European army that may iuvado their soil. Dnt we have established beyond controversy that for development in pertfce, for creating the resources of war, and for inspiring a respect for the law and order, the democracy of ill* North has an immense advantage over the aristocracy of the South. May our glorious flag soon float over a united people, from the Aroostook to the Rio Grande, rejoicing iu the blessings of free institutions—prosperous in peace—triumphant in war! Mining Under the Sea. Mining can hardly boa pleasant occupation. The absence of suu and all natural lignt, tba dripping sides of the Hliaft, tli« danger of ex plosion from the fire damp, of jutting rock* and numerous*other perils, invest it with vague terrors to active imaginations. But when the shafts run under the sea, and the swell of the ocean is distinctly audible, it must suggest many fears to the diligent miners. The fol lowing graphic discription is taken from an English paper: We are now four hundred yards out under the bottom of the sea, and twenty feet below t'le sea level. Coast-trado vessels are sailing over our heods. Two hundred and forty feet below us men are at work, and there are gal leries yet below that. The extraordinary po sition down the fare of the cliff, of the engine* and other works on the surface, at Bottallie in now explained. The mine is not excavated like other mineH under the earth, but under the sea. Having communicated these partic ulars the miner tells us to keen silent and lis ten. We obey him, sittiug there speechlesa and motionless. If the reader could only liave beheld us now, dressed ill our copper colored garments, huddled close together in a mere cleft of subterranean rock, with a flame burning on our heads and darkness enveloping our limbs, he must certainly have imagined, without any violent stretch of fancy that he was looking down upon a conclave of gnomes. After listening a few minutes, a distant sound becomes faintly audible—a long, low, mysterious moaning that never changes, a sound that might proreed from incalculable distance—from some fir, invisible height—a sound unlike anything that is heard on upper ground, iu the free air of heaven— a sound so sublimely mournful and still, so ghostly and impiessive when listened to in the subterra nean recesses of the earth, that we continue instinctively to hold our peace as if enchanted by it. and think not of communicating to each other the strange awe and astonishment which it has inspired in us from the very fint. At last the miner speaks ngain, and tells us that what we hear is the sound of the snrf lashing the rocks a hundred and twenty feet above us and of the waves that are breaking on the beach beyond. The tide is now at the flow, and the sea is in no extraordinary state of agitation, so the sound is low and distant just at this period. But when storms are at their height, when the ocean hurls mountain after mountain of water on the cliffe, then the noise is terrific; the roariug heard down hen in the mine is so inexpressible fierce and aw ful that the boldest men at work aro afraid to continue their labor; all asceud to the surface to breathe the upper air, and stand on firm earth, dreading—though no catastrophe has happened yet—that the sea will break in upon them if they remain in the cavern be low. Hearing this, we get up to look at tbe rack above us. We are able to stand upright in tbe pobition we now occupy; and flaring oar canales bitber and tbither in the darknesa, cnn see tbe bright, pure copper at roaming through the gallery in every direction. Lunpa of ooze, of the moat lustrous green color, trav ersed by a natural network of tbin, red veins of iron, appear here and there in large irregu lar patches, over which water is drippiug slowly and incessantly in certain place*. This is the salt water percolating through invisible crannies in the rock. Ou stormy days it spirts ont furiously in continuous streams. Just over our heads we observed a wooden plug of the thickness of a man's leg; then la a hole there, and that plug is all we have keep out the sea. Immense wealth of metal is contained ift the roofs of this gallery throughout its fqtfm length, but it will always remain untouched} the miners daro not take it. for it is a part (nnd a great part) of tbe rock which la their only protection against the sea, and whleh hat been so far worked away here that iis thick* ness is limited to an average of three feet onlv betweeu tbe water and the gallery in which we now atand. No one knows what might ha the consequence of another day's labor with the pickaxe on any part of it. Music. —There is something very wonderful in music. Words are wonderful enough, bat music is even more wonderful. It speak* Mi to our thoughts as words do; it speaks straight to our hearts and spirits—to the very son and root of our souls, If osic soothe* us, at in us up; it puts noble feelings into ns; it Melte us to tears, we know not bow; it is a lan* gunge by itself, jnatas perfect iutta wayaa speech, as words; just as divine, just as blessed. Whenever I find a great deal of irati tude in a poor man, I take it for granted that there would be as much generosity if he wan a rich man.— CW/M. i ■ . , ti A WIFE AT Forrv.—"My notion offwlfc at forty," said Jerrold, " Is, that a nan should be able to change her, like a bank Bote, far two twenties." NO. 42.