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VOL. XVI.-NO. 38.
Xasluugton .ftmuliml. IS ISSUED EVEUY SATURDAY MORNING BY JOHN MILLER MURPHY, £1 TOP AND PROPRIETOR. Subscription Rales > !■ i annum $3 00 ,i\ in lathi l 00 Ailvertslnj; Rates t ■ in.- square, one insertion $2 00 I . .r!i additional insertion 100 liii-iiu-ss cards, per quarter 5 00 •' annum 15 00 "A liberal deduction will lie made in fa v..rof those who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. _ f Legal notices ill l>e charged to the at ui iit'v or otlicer authorizing their insertion. /"Advertisements sent from a distance ani transient nonces, must tie accompanied by the cash. /" Announcements of births, marriages and deaths, inserted free of charge. /"obituary notices, or -'poetry" api>ciid -0.11.> marriages or deaths, will lie charged I,ui-lialf our regular advertising rates. We w ill not hereafter deviate from this rule. 7~ Blanks, billheads, Cards, Catalogues, Circulars. Bills of Fare, Posters, Pamphlets I'l-ogrammes, Ac., printed at reasonable rates OFFICE— Corner of Second and Washington Streels. DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. \\V. the delegate* <>f tlie Democratic |wrty of the Uuilcd States, in national convention assembled, do ii icbv declare the administration ol the Federal Gov ernment to lie in oreat need of immediate reform: do hrrebv enjoin upon the nominees of the convention, and of the Democratic party in each State and a* St. ],.litis, to make etiorts and to eo-opcrate to this end. and d ■ hereby appeal to our fellow citizens of every h.rmer political 'connection to undertake with its this tlr-t and most pressing and patriotic duty for the benefit of the whole country. U e here affirm our faith in the permaneuey of the Federal Union: our devotion to the constitution of the United states with its amendments universally accepted as a linal settlement of the controversies that vugen dered tlie civil war, and do here record steadfast court, deuce in the perpetuity of Republican self eoverninent ia an absolute acquisition in the will of the majority, the pricipie of republics; in the sttpreiuacy of tlie civil over military authority; in the total separation of church and Slate, for tlie sake alike of civil ami , sis freedom; in the equality of all citizens liefore the just laws of their own enacimeut; in the liberty ol individ ual eonduet uuvexed by sumptuary laws; in the faith ful education of the rising generation, thai they may pres tve, enjoy and transmit these best conditions of human happiness and hope. Wc uphoul the noblest products of otic hundred years of changeful history, but while upholding the houd of our union aud thegrcatcliarteroftlieseourrighls. it h. hooves a free people to practice also that eternal vig ilaiu-e which is the price of liberty, lti-lorm is lieces sarv io ri build aud establish in the hearts of tlie whole people of the Union, eleven years ago happily rescued from danger of corrupt centralism wliich alter iritlict ing upon ten States the rapacity of the carpet-bair tyranny, has lionet-combed the offices of the Federal Govern ment itself with incapacity worse than fraud; Inflicted Stales mid municipalities with contagion of misrule and locked fast the property of an industrious people in the paralysis of hanl times. Reform is necessary to establish a sound currency ; restore the public credit and maintain the liatioiiul hon or. We denounce the failure for all these ten years to make good the promise of the legal notes which are changing the standard value in the hands of the people, and the non-payment of which is a disregard of the plighted faith of the nation. We denounce Ihe Improv idence which in eleven years of poucc has taken from the people in frauds ten times the whole amount of the egul tender notes aud squandered four times the sum in useless expense without accumulating any reserve for their redemption. We denounce the tliiancial poli cy aud immorality oi that party which (luting eleven v'ears of peace, has made no advance towards resump tion, no preparation for resumption, but instead has obstructed resumption by wasting our resource* and exhausting all our surplus income; and while equally professing to intend a speedy relurn to specie payment, lias annually added fresh hindinuccs thereto. As such a hindrance, we denounce the resumption clause of the act of 1875, aud demand its repeal. We demand a judicious system of prepaiation by public economics; ov official retrenchments aud by wise iiiiatice, which shall enable the nation to assure the whole world of its perfect ability and perfect readiness to meet any of its promises at the calf of its creditors entitled to payment. We believe that such a system well devised aud intrust ed to competent hands of execution, creates at no lime an artificial scarcity of enrrenry, and at no time alarm ing the public mind in withdrawal of that vaster ma chinery of credit, by which 95 per ceut. of all business transactions are tierformed—a system opcu, public and inspiring gcueraf confidence, would from the day of its adoption bring healing on its wings to all our hurrassed industries; set in motion the wheels of commerce, man ufactures and the mechanic arts; restore employment to labor aud prosperity to the people. Reform is neces sary in the slim aud mote of Federal taxation lo the cud, that capital be set free from distrust and labor lightly burdened. 'We denounce the present tariff levied upon nearly 4,0110 articles as a masterpiece of injustice and false pretenses. It yields a dwindling, not a yearly rising rev enue. it has impoverished many industries to subsi dize a few. It prohibits imports that might purchase the products or the country. It has reduced American commerce from the first to an inferior upon the high seas. It has lowered the sale of American manufac tures at home and abroad aud depletes the returns of American agriculture and industries followed by half of oar people. It costs the p. ople five times more than it produces to the Treasury. It obstrncts the processes of production and wast s the fruits of lubor. It pro motes frauds, fosters smuggling, enriches dishonest officials and bankrupts honest merchants. We demand that custom house taxation shall be only for revenue. Reform is necessary in the scale of public expense, na tional. State and municipal. Our Federal taxation has swollen from St*J.OUO.UUU gold, in 18(10 to $450,000,000 currency in 1870. Our aggregate taxation has grown from $190,000,000 gold, iii leHio to $7.10,000.000 currency, or in otic decade from less I ban $5 per head to more than $lB per head. Since the peace the people have paid to their tax gatherers more than three times ihe amount or the national debt, and more than twice of that sum for Fcdcfal outlays. Above all, we demand frugality in all the departments and every office of the Government. Reform is necessary to put a stop to the proflgate waste or public lands and their diversion from actual settlers by the party in power, which has squandered two hundred millions of acres upon railroads alone, aud out of more than twice that aggregate has disposed of less than a sixth to the tillers of the soil. Reform is necessary to correct the omissions of a Re publican Congress and the errors of our treaties aud di plomacy, which have stripped onr fellow citizens of foreign birth and kindred race crossing the Atlantic, of the shield of American citizens, and exposed ourbreth crn of the Pacific coast to the incursions of race no spi-akiug a language from the same great parent stock aini in lact now by law denied citizenship tbrongh natt unitization as being neither accustomed to the tradt, tions of a progressive civilization nor exercised in lili crty under equal laws. We denounce the policy which thus discords the libeity loving German aud tolerates the coolie trade in Mongolian women imported for im moral purposes and Mongolian men held to perform ser vile labor contracts, and wc demand sucha modification of the treaty with the Chinese Empire, or such legisla tion by Congress within Constitutional limitations as shall prevent the farther importation, or immigration or the Mongolian race. Refiirtu is necessary, and can never be effected hut bv making it the controlling issue of the elections and lilting it above the two false issues with which the of tice-holding class and the party in power seek to smoth er it. L, The raise issue with which they would en kindle sectarian strife in respect to the public schools, of which the establishment and support belong exclu sively to the States, which the Democratic party Iras cherished from their foundation, and is resolved to inaiutalu without partiality or preference for any class, sect or creed, and without contribution from the Treas ury. 4. The false issue by which Ibey seek to light anew the dying embers of sectional hate lietween kin dred people once nnuaturally estanged, but now united in urn. indivisible republic and a common destiny. Reform is necessary in civil service. Experience proves that the efficient economical conduct of the gov ernment business is not possible if its civil service be a prize fought for at the ballot box, be a brief reward of nartv zealTnstead of posts of honor assigned for proved competency, and held for fidelity in public employ. That the dispensing of patronage should neither be a tax on the time of all onr public men nor the instru ment of their ambition. Here again profession falsi fied In the performance attest that the party in power now can work out no practical satisfactoiy reform. Re form is necessary even uiorc in higher grades of public service—President. Vice Fresidents. Judges. Represen tatives. Cabinet offlcers-these and ad in anthonty are the people's aervants. Their offices are not private per quisites, they are a public trust. When the annals of this Republic show the oisgiace and censure of a V Ice President; of a late Speaker of the House of Represen tatives marketing* hie railings as a presiding officer; or three Senator* profiting secretly by their voting as lawmakers; of five chairmen of Ihe leading commit to-'s of the late House Of KepresenWtlves exposed in robbery; of a late Secretary of the Treasury, forcing balances In the public acconuts; of a late Attorney Gen eral mi*apDropri*tio« public fundr-; of a Secretary of the Navy, enriched, or eurichlnj? friends, by percentage levied off the profit* of contractors with hi* depart ment ; of au Embsaeador to Eugland censured for a dis honorable speculation; of the fre#ideut * private sec retary barely escaping conviction ui»on trial for guilty complicity in fraud* upou the revenue; of a Secretary of War impeached for high crime* and confessed ml* demeanor*: The demonstration ie compjete that the fir-t step in reform must be the people's choice for hon est inen from another party, lest the disease of one po litical orgaixation infect the body politic, and lest by making no change of men or party we get no change of measure* and no reform of ail these abuses, wrong* and crime*. That the production of sixteen yeur* of as cendancy of the Republican party create_• neceMly ftw reform, ia confessed by th« theaMelvea. but their reformer* *r* voted down iu convention ami displaced from the CUfctoet. Thepaity* minis of the lamest voter* I* powurluM to resist to* 804» oOce bolders,it* leader* aad guide*. Reform caueniybe bad by a peaeefrtl, dvte revolution. We dautiuda c han,'e or narttaa tket w* may bar* a ckauge of mm bf** aud of IMB. JkvotMl to SRtivs, iJtaHtu'o. the ffisstmiuatitm of fistful information nnd th« promotion of the 3!cot interests of -Washington ?erritorri. THE INSIDE WORLD; STORY OF THR FUTURE. By JULIA K. FEItX. ruAPTKi: xi. After reading the letter with which the last, chapter closed, Miss Cushiug drew a long sigh of relief, but not o? satisfaction. She was relieved to know that he was alive arul somewhere in the world. Iu tho world, and alas! in the Earth also. But ho had asked her to come to him instead of holding out the least hope of his ever returning to her, aud he had asked in a very improper way. It was the object of bis letter, he said, and yet he had not thought of it till after the letter was begun. And why did he want her to come V Glorious opportunities, indeed! But he ought to know her better than to think her ready for these adventures, and seek her for tune in any such way as that. Did he wish her to come at all ? Would he not be surprised to see her ? Did lie wish to see Iter? All these questions passed upon her inind, aud already she was preparing mentally an answer to the letter. She would begin it, Respected Sir, and it should be a very cool docu ment throughout. She would let iiitn know that she had no desire whatever to see either himself or tho dark and nasty world which she had heard that they hail discovered. She would tell him that his expetienee in tinding new and pleasant friends was matched by her own; that it seemed to her that each succeeding college class brought a more pleasant set of young men than any be fore it. She would solemnly declare it as her opinion, that our minds were providentially self-adjusting, so that present friends always fully made up for the loss of tlioseabseut. She would send a great deal of love to Arthur—but no! that would not do, for then he would be asking her in quite a different fashion to take up her residence in the new world. No doubt he would do so anyhow. There was his letter unread, and she had serious thoughts of return ing it uuopeued. But it might coutain something about Intnau. That she must see at any rate. She made no pretense to herself of fceliug as coolly upon the subject of his welfare and whereabouts as she had been planning to write. She opened the letter glanced at its closely written pages and said, " icy oh, what a letter!" and proceeded to read. And this is what she read; the parts omitted relate to what has al ready been told in this narration: CITY OK IIOI.TEUSHINDA, I INSIDE WOULD, January 17, 1877. J My Dear Miss Cusiilng: If tliis letter reaches you, all Boston will be abla/.e with excitement concerning our great tiiscovery before you break the seal; so I need not say that we have accomplished our object. Hav ing written your name and begun this letter I must first of all say, " Having discovered a world, 1 lay it at your feet!" Figuratively speaking I lay it at your feet; literally it is at your feet and lam at your feet. Never love before placed himself so far below his mis» tress in order to win her, and never lover loved as I do. You r.ced not think of Lean tier or Parseus, or any of those old fellows that swam seas or slew monsters, to win or rescue their beloved, I have dared as tuucli as any of lliem, I have loved more, and have succeeded in doing more. Yet I would not boast; I have beeu fortunate, that is all, I really have done little. For more than it year" I have done what I could. 1 hope to live fifty years, aud all my life is at your ser vice. Shall 1 sail to the moon; shall I bring you a star ? l>o not laugh at me, lam per fectly aware of the bombastic style ill wliiclt 1 am writing, aud yet there is meaning, there is truth, in my very extravagance, for my love for you cunuol be exaggerated, and my fortune lias been great, I bring a gift worthy of even you. Having freed my mind thus far, in the very beginning, 1 must tell you the story of ibis new world." No newspaper for tlie next three months will have so full an account of our journey and our discoveries as this lover's letter will give you. We bad many adventures nnd pretty hard times, especially in the polar regions, upon our in ward voyage. How often I thought of you as wc sailed along tlie coast of Maine. Not that you were ever out of my thoughts, but I soon bad so much else to think of. * * * And so we were safely domiciled at last in this city of Hotlccsliinda, as we call it. I hardly know whether we ought to call it a city or a town, for certainly it has no city government, such as outside cities have, and yet it is almost as large as Boston, so far as people and houses are concerned. And it is at! so very, very strange. When I have done my poor best at describing and you have stretched your imagination to tlie utmost, you will not have a perfect mental picture of it. Everything is built of stone, for wood is scarce and exceedingly precious. No trees such as wc are used to, or would call trees at all, grow in tlie inside world. The fuel is coal which is übnndant and of tlie best quality. But you have little idea of the num ber of things whiclt we are used to seeing, made of wood, that here arc make of some other material. Tables, chairs, beds, nay rou see nothing of the kind, you can hardly imagine that you arc in a house, where peo ple live at all, everything is so different. Let me tell you about the house Inmau and 1 live iu, which is a fair specimen of the dwelliugs ia this city. As you approach the house you sec no roof, but simply a high stoue wail witli many irregular projections and angles and many large windows, both above and below. The entrance is u large arched way provided with ponderous iron gates, which rusty with age, arc seldom or never closed. From this passage way, which must be twenty feat wide, arched doors open to the different rooms of the basemeut of the building. This is naturallv used for house* hold stores, fuel etc., and I will not describe it. One side of this passage is occupied by a stone stairway to the story above. Here we have tbc same spacious entry, but the stone floor is richly carpeted and tlie whole long room furnished with books, pictures, chande liers, ornaments of many curious kinds, but not a table nor a chair! And yet here are most inviting scats. First r. scat nearly three feet wide, extending along the wall oil cither side, built up from the floor of solid masonry, but so cushioned above as to be both beauti ful and comfortable. Then under each chandelier is a solid block of marble that answers for a table, aud beside each one, cer tain other curiously fashioned and superbly cushioned blocks of stone, which though immovable on account of tbeir great weight serve instead of chairs. We a enter what may be called tlie sitting room, though it would be also drawing-room and parlor, iu the outside world, and wc are greeted by a bright fire burning upon what I always want lo call the altar, directly in the middle of the large room. Above this is the funnel m*e of brightly polished brass, arranged so that it is easily raised or lowered so ss to svoid »oJ dlOoolty conoern|ng smoke. Around OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 5,1870. ilic fire is a s.irt of glass well-curb let us call it, upon which the lower edge of the funnel, which is widely Hired, rests when brought down. The lower edge of this glass curb rests upon, what I have called the altar, (through association' with certain pictures in anoldHible.) This altar is a solid lilock of stoue with a depression on the top to receive the coal and retain the ashes. The glass curb serves to keep in the tire and yet not hide it, and in its lower edge are certain notches to produce draft when the funnel is down. This is the common heating and ventilating apparatus in Holtecshinda. The ceiling of the room is an arch of solid stone. Beautifully shaped windows of stained glass, however, relieve the room from anything of a tomb-like appearance. A light iron stair way in one angle of the room leads to the balcony, above which, indeed, is the entire roof of the house. From the ceiling hang two beautiful chandeliers, which, witli their chains and rings and long symmetrical arms, seem to be made of solid gold. Around the room again runs the broad, comfortable seat, aud in of it are the most in viting of easy climrs, placed two and two in the most coquettish of positions. But what strikes a person fresh from the outside world most strangely of ail in these houses, is the absence of right angles and straight lines. Not many rooms are quadrunqular, nor many circular, many clliplical and more entirely irregular. But I have so many other things to tell you, that 1 must not take more space now in telling about the hauscs. Buch a time as we are having with this in side language! Names of all common tilings we soon acquired, and a few common verbs, but to come at the exact signiticancc of ab stract terms and adjectives derived from these is a question of time, to say the least. But Inmun is makiug great progress, lie learued the meaning of the word love in the new language ia a few hours, and the young girl of whom he learned that word, is his de voted teacher, and already he is interpreter for all of us. As a written language this has many advantages over ours, especially in the matter of brevity. There are at least a thousand word-signs, which can he made with a single stroke of the pen, aud these stand for any ordinary man's vocabulary. The consequence of this is that every writer is a verbatim reporter. This contributes doubtless largely to the truthfulness of these people, for no one ever feels sure that his words are not being accurately written as be speaks. The printing is a species of engrav ing. Upon some wax like preparation a man writes rapidly withpn iron point. This plate of wax is inked some way that 1 do not fully understand, which leaves the ink only in the depressions made by the graver. The press is simply an elastic roller, that is passed <>ver the paper quickly, and as you see from the enclosed specimen a very clear impres sion is made. Can you read it ? In mar. says it is a love song of his own composition. Perhaps lie will send jou a translation. The productions of this world, in the way of grains, roots, and vegetables, is something to wonder at for a life time. Everything seems at lirst something known, but proves upon examination to be something else. For instance, 1 approach a tree to get what seems an apple; when I get it in my hand, I tiud it, indeed, to be a goosberry. Something like apples we have, but are more like potatoes in taste being more mealy iustcad of acid. But here 1 am iu a ticld that it will take the scientific men many years to explore. 1 cannot either enter upon a description of the strange beasts imd birds that we see here, further than 1 have already done incidentally. But there is one thing concerning the min eral productions of this region that I must tell you. Gold is us abundant here as iron! Of course you are not foolish cnougli to sup pose this will in any way enrich the outside world. On tlie contrary, it will cause great trouble. But we will get rich out of it, dur ing the transition. The ship tlmtenrries this letter to you takes gold enough to coin more tliau a hundred million of dollars! This will be sold judiciously, not too rapidly,or cx cliangc for real estate in and about the great cities. Then within a few years gold will fall below standard of value, and an uncer tain one it will lie And now I must close. Long as this is, I have told you almost noth ing of this strange world. The most inter esting and important part must be left for my next letter, that is the laws and customs and beliefs of the inhabitants here. Wc sec many strange and interesting things every day hut as we acquire the language and es pecially the ability to read, wa will learn a great (leal more. And the next ship outward shall bear you another long letter. Oh, how I long to hear from you! Will you not write to tne ? I can wait years for your love if you will only yield me your friendship now. Write to inej or I shall be obliged to conic and see you the next steamer, and then I guess you would be sorry. And, now in all sincerity, I am yours truly, AKTIIL'K THOMAS. (To be continued.) A HOUSE OF MANY WOODS. —The Philadelphia Times says, " One of the most interesting of the State buildings is the Mississippi log cabin. Every foot of timber used in its erection was shipped from Mississippi, and curpen ters from that State came here to put it up. With its walls of native wood fresh from the forest, its rustic-framed win dows, Gothic doorway and overhanging eave9 fringed with moss; its balconies of naturally and curiously carved roots and limbs, and its numberless reminiscences of the untrodden forest, it forms one of the most interesting, if not the most in structive, baildings on the grounds. There are in the building sixty-eight different kinds of wood in the super structure, not iucluding the door pan els, which are made of forty-eight dif ferent varieties. The outside walls ure chiefly of hickory split logs with the bark on, while the door and window frames are made of maD}' varieties of pine. The entire structure is rich with ornaments found carved by nature in Mississippi forests, while the inner walls are of finely-polished spocimons of every variety of pine. Some of these resemble bird's-eye .maple in their delicate vein tracings, while others, from the heart of the tree, are al most as dark and brilliant as mahog any, The porticos on both sides are ornamented with mosses, while from the arched verandas are pendant beau tiful hnnging baskets. This anecdote is told of Dr. Samuel Jolmson and wife previous to their marriage: He said that ho very much wished to marry her, but there were three obstacles. First he was of very humble origin; second, he had no money, third, he had an uucle who was hung. In reply, Bhe said she honored no man more or less because of his par entage; second, she had no money her self; and third, although she had had no relatives bung, she had twenty who deserved it, and she wished they were. far Theodore Tilton's four children —two young ladies and two boys—art all living with their father at the old homestead in Brooklyn. The wife and mother will the next to oome, though it mnst be as the children have come— without asking. WHAT HAS PASSED FOR MONEY. Many things have been used at dif ferent times for money— cowre shells in Afiica; watnpum or beads made of clam shells, by American Indians; soap jby Mexico. The Carthagenians used lea'her for money, probably bearing some mark or stamp. Frederick 11., at the siege of Milan, reviving this cus tom, issued stamped leather as money. In 1330, John the Good, King of France, who was taken prisoner by the celebrated Black Prince, and sent to England until ransomed, also used leather tnonej-, having a small silver nail in the middle. Salt is the money in Abyssinia; codfish in Iceland and Newfoundland. "Livingmoney,"slaves and oxen, passed current in ancient Greece and among the Anglo-Saxons, in payment of debts. Adam Smith says that in his day there was a village in Scotland where it was not uncommon for the women to carry nails iustead of money to the barber's shop and ale house. Marco Polo found in China money made of the bark of the mulberry tree, bearing the stamp of the sovereign, which is death to counterfeit, it being the earliest specimen of paper money. Tobacco was generally used as money iu Virginia, up to 1000, fifty-seven years after the foundation of the colony, and men bought wives for such a weight of tobacco; while in Canada the beaver-skin being the great staple, was, in like manner, made a unit, and all transactions estimated in beaver. The legislature of Massachusetts once enacted that wheat should bo received in payment of all debts, and the con vention .in France, during the revolu tion. on the proposition of Jean Bon Saint Andrea, long discussed the pro- j prietv of adopting wheat as money, as ; tho measure of the value of all things. | Platina was coined in Russia from 1828 j to 1845. But tbe metals best adapted ; and most generally used as coin are ; copper, nickel, silver and gold, the first | two being now used for coins of small value, to make change; the two latter, commonly designated as the precious metals, measures of value and legal ten-: ders. On the coutinent of Europe a composition of silver and copper, called bullion, has long been used for small cuius, which are made current at a much higher value than that of the metal they contain. In China Syeee silver is the principal currency, nnd is merely ingot silver of a uniform fineness paid and received by weieht. Spanish dollars also circulate there, but only after they have been stamped as proof that they are of the standard fineness. As Asia Minor pro duced gold, itsearliest coinage was that of metal. Italy and Sicily possessing copper, bronze was first coined there. Heroditus says the Lydians were the first people known to have coined gold and silver. They had gold coins at the close of the ninth century B. C. Greece j proper only at the close of the eight century B. C. Servius Tullius, King of Route, made the pound weight of copper currency money. Tho Romans first coined silver 281 B. C., and gold 207 B. C. Some nations, although they worked the metals with skill, seem never to have coined money, and such was the case with the Irish, of whom no coins are know prior to the English in vasion in the twelfth century. SEVERAL GLASSES TOO Mrcu.—During Mr. Charles Pope's management of a Southern theatre, ono night when some high-toned star was holding forth, a great sensation was produced by a nau tical-looking old gentleman, who, with all dignity, produced a spyglass, and when the lorgnettes were directed at the stage, with a report like a young pistol pulled the critter out to its full proportions and levelled it at the per formers. The novelty in the way of an opera glass created so much diversion that word was sent to the offending old sailor that he must put it up, which he would not, as he said it was his style of glass, and he was going to use it. Further remonstrance resulted in the spyglass shutting up and the old gentle man indignantly waking out as the cur rain fell on the tirst act. Before it rose again in walked the seafaring man in company with eight others of the brand as himself. Solemnly they were escorted to seats, all near together. The play proceeded; of a sudden crack, fizz, squeak went nine spy-glasses, some of them a yard long. Simultaneously the whole liiue were pulled out to their extremest length, and the weather-beaten old countenances brought to bear on the end of them. The audience howled, the players struggled on, but the instant an exciting passage was reached,, whang went the nine spy-glasses, and the crowd yelled with delight. Iu this way the performance dragged along, till, as actors and audience could stand it no longer, the play was brought to an untimely end; the eight old sea dogs who had been summoned off the levee to assist the original offender un sntilingly filed out behind him, fully avenged for all interference, with the triumphant spy-glasses under their arms. — Stephen Fiske, in the Illustrated Weekly. ■ 33C George Eliot: There are mo ments when by strauge impulse we con tradict our past selves—fatal moments, when a fit of passion, like a lava stream, lays low the work of half our lives. ty Mary dear,'' said a mother to her little girl, " if I was a little girl I should pick up all those chips." " Well, mam ma," auswered Mary, '• ain't you glad you are not a little girl ?" Nothing will make a woman so mad as to have her husband pull a straw out of a brand new broom to clean bis pipe with. Pa:er Uorperdeclines to withdraw It would be too bad if he were to rush in between Hayes and Tildeu and grasp the prise. A SLPPLKMEXTAL DECLARATION, The Washington National Intelligencer lately contained the following article in relation to Charles Carroll of Carrolltou, the only survivor in 1826 of the men who signed the Declaration of American Independence: " In the year 1826, after all save one of tbe band of patriots whose signatures are home on the Declaration of Inde pendence had descended to the tomb, and the venerable Carroll alone re mained among the living, the govern ment of the city of New York deputed a committee to wait on the illustrious sur vivor and obtain from him, for deposit in the public hall of the city, a copy of the Declaration of 1776, graced and au thenticated anew with his sign manual. The aged patriot yielded to the request and affixed, with his own hand, to a copy of that instrument, the grateful, solemn and pious supplemented declar ation which follows: " Grateful to Almighty God for the blessings which, through Jesus Christ our Lord, he has conferred on my be loved country in her emancipation, and on myself in permitting uic, under cir cumstances ot mercy, to live to the age of eighty nine years, and to survive the fiftieth year of American Independence, and certify by my present signature my approbation of the Declaration of Inde pendence adopted by Congress on the Fourth of July, 1770, which I originally subscribed on the second day of August of the same year, and of which lam now the last surviving signer—l do hereby recommend to the prcseut and future generations the principles of that im portant document as the best earthly inheritance their ancestors could be queath to them, and pray that the civil and religious liberties they have secured to my country may be perpetuated to remotest posterity and extended to the whole family ot men. CHARLES CARROLL of Carrollton. Any. 2, 182(1. As HISTORIC CLOCK FOR HAMILTON COLLEGE. —John Eliot of Clinton has presented to the Memorial Hall of Ham ilton College an historical clock, which Charley Lamb might have characterized as " ratherish old." It has timed at least 245 years, and is still a good timekeeper. It was brought from England by Rev. John Eliot, " the apostle to the Indians, who landed in Boston from the ship Mary Lyon, Nov. 3, 1631." It was handed down as a family inheritance from him to his son, Joseph Eliot, who was graduated from Harvard College in 1658; from Joseph to his son Jared Eliot; from Jared to his son John Eliot; from John to his son Edward Eliot; from Edward to his son John E. Eliot of Clinton, the sixth in descent from "the apostle to the Indians." This old clock faithfully marked off the hours, months and yenrs which the missionary Eliot devoted to the translation of the Bible into the Indian language. Before this translation could be made, or even be gun, it was necessary to reduce the rude oral dialect ot the natives to the form of a written language. The work was completed in 1663, and published at Cambridge, Mass. Only sixty copies of this work are now in existence. The last one that was sold brought $1,156. The only living man that can read it is J. Hammond Trumbull of Hartford, Conn.— Ulica Herald. —— - i tm ♦ A GIRL'S CHANCES. —A Cincinnati girl sends to the Enquirer, ot that city, a table that she has made up based upon her own observation, showing a wom an's chances of marriage between the ages of 14 and 60. Of 1,000 women, taken without selection, it is found that the uumber married at each age is be low; or if (by an arithmetical license) we cull a woman's chances of marriage in the whole course of h?r life 1,000, her chances in each two years will be shown in the table: Age. Chances. Age. Chances. 14 i q.) 28 ( j. 15 I 32 29j *» lb ( |lA| 80( .n 17 S 1(H 311 18 18 I q«n "12 I «> 19 I 213 33 i 14 20 ( 34 » 211 35) 8 22> iW' o ! 23 J ICd 37 | 2 It; 102 lal 2 Sf _ A CHEAP PICKLE FOR HOME. —Take a jar with a close lid or bung, and half till it with the best and strongest viue- 1 gar; then, as spare vegetables of any description come to hand, such as small beaus, cauliflowers, radish pods, young cucumbers, onions, &c., throw them in, taking care, a 9 the jar fills, that there is sufficient vinegar to cover the vegetables. When neatly full, add mustard seeds, bruised ginger, shallots, whole pepper, &c., &c., to taste. Tie down tightly and place the jar in a ves sel of water over the fire, or in a 6low oven, until the articles are sufficiently soft to suit the palate. In this manner good, wholesome pickles can be made at only the expense of the vinegar und spice, and with the least possible atnouut of trouble. Of course, if the various kinds of vegetables are wished to be kept distinct, such may be done. APPLE FLOAT. —Take six large apples, pare, slice, and stew them in as much water as will cover them. When well dono, press them through a sieve, and make very sweet with crushed or loaf sugar. While cooling, beat the whites of four eggs to a stiff froth, and stir in the apples; flavor with lemon or vanilla. Serve with sweet cream. Quite as good as peaches and cream. FRICASSEE OFPAKSNEPS —BoiI io milk till they are soft, then cut them length wise into bits two or three inches long, and simmer in a white sauce made oi two spoonsful of brotb, a bit of mace, half a a cupful of cream, a bit of butter, and some flour, pepper and salt. The Empress of Germany be lieves that the world would be better governed if women had more to do with politics. GRAINS OF WISDOM The dead man is wise, but he is si lent. A hopeless person is one who deserts himself. Have not thy cloak to make when it begins to ruiu. Hope is the dawn of joy, and memory its twilight. Prejudice squints when it looks, and lies when it taiks. The slanderer and the assassin differ but in their weapons. He who is honest for reward is a knave without reward. The speculations of one generation are the history of the next. There is a long and wearisome step between admiration and imitation. Youth is made to wish and dream, and life to deny youth's dreams and wishes. Be deaf to the quarrelsome, blind to the scorner, and dumb to those who are mischievously inquisitive. Violent passions are formed in soli tude. In tbe bustle of the world no object has time to make a deep im pression. God breaks the cistern to bring us to the fountain. He withers our gourds, that he himself may be our shade. Charity, like the suu, brightens every object on which it shines; a cen sorious disposition casts every character into the darkest shade it will bear. Don't look too hard, except for some thing agreeable. We can find all the disagreeable things in the world be tween our own hats and boots. Resist every false doctrine; but call no man heretic. The false doctrine does not necessarily make the man a heretic; but an evil heart can make any doctrine heretical. Nothing can bo more injurious to your peace of mind than to have too many confidents. You live in abject slavery every day, as you arc constant ly feariug that some of your numerous confidants will reveal a secret you would not have anybody know for nil the world. President Grant and his family were treated to the pleasure of a genuine scare last week. A young gentleman and his tutor, who had just returned from Europe, arrived in this city and put up at Willard's hotel. Having left some of their baggage in tbe Custom House in New York, they concluded to draw up such an affidavit as they thought necessary to get it released. They be gan: " Washington, May 28, 1876. I (giving his name,) hereby swear that the box containing—." When they got this far they were unable to remember exactly what was in the box, and so gave up making the application. They left tbe city for Baltimore, and left the unfinished application lying on the table at the hotel. Some wag accidentally got hold of it, and continued the writ ing, adding tbe following to it: "tbe dyamite fixtures arranged for the pur pose of blowing up the present admin istration was carefully deposited under the White House on Sunday night, the 28th. It is so arranged that it will ex plode on the night of the 3Dtli of May, at 11:30 o'clock. Hoping that it will peform its work successfully, I am yours," etc. He then gave the paper to u friend, who hurried around to the White House with it. The scene that followed there was a lively one. In stant search was made inside and out side of the house, and a long time was spent in moving every article under or behind which the infernal machine might have been placed, but of course without avail. Tbe matter was then placed : u the hands of the detectives, who traced tbe two gentlemen to Balti more, where they were going to arrest them. The gentlemen, ignorant of any wrong, were going to have the de tectives arrested, when another lively scene took place. An explanation was finally had, the discrepancy between the two handwritings shown, and tbe detectives left, looking as if they bad been sold. REMEDY IN DIPHTHERIA. —Dr. Hopkins, in the London Physician and Pharma cist, strongly urges the employment of acid tarnate of iron a 9 a local remedy for diphtheria. It may be prepared, he says, by the addition of one ounce of the muriated tincture of iron to one of a strong solution of tannin, and applied by meaus of a brush to the diseased throat, or elsewhere, as the case may be; or, what is perhaps a better way, apply the muriated tincture of iron in full strength to the diseased part with a brush, wait for a few moments, then apply the solution of tannin in the same way, thus forming a union of the two at the point of the disease, hav ing at the same time the advantage of chemical action, if there be any. On examination a few hours after, the line of demarcation will be seen distinctly drawn by the discoloration of the dis eased tissue, showing exactly the extent of the disease, the very thing desired; with a tendency to reparation, which will go on rapidly, if the system be pro perly treated with a nourishing diet and tonic and stimulating remedies. Dr. Hopkins regards this remedy as " above and before all others." JSC A plan to make Mount Vesuvius practically useful has been broached in London. It is nothing else than to con vert the crater ibto a receptacle for dead bodies. A company will under take to run mortuary trains from dif ferent parts of Europe to Vesuvius and up its sides to the summit, on reaching which they will tilt their contents into the abyss, leaving nature in its grandest form to do the work of canceling the re mains of humanity, and then take the surviving mourners a short excursion to Naples and its environs in order to can i eel the last remains of grief. WHOLE NO". 826. RAIDING THE FAMILY. On a Pennsylvania Central Railroad train entering the city the other day were a newly-married couple, accom panied by the bride's father, mother, two sisters and a brother. The young husband was very attentive to the whole family, and his action seemed so sin gular under the circumstances that a New Yorker seized tho opportunity to inquire:— "Just been married?*' " There's the female I made happy for life at seven o'clock this morning,' was the reply, as the groom pointed to his bride. "And the whole family are with you ?" "Every blamed one, and the dog Towser is ahead in the baggage car." " All traveling at your expense?" " All at my expense; and its just go ing to make the ducats sick before we get homer' " You are the most liberal husband I ever saw," remarked the New Yorker, as he settled back in bis seat. " Hist! you don't see the pint!" whis pered tbe groom. " Look at that 'ere family once! Why, the whole caboodle of 'em don't know enough to last a mule over uight! They never saw anything, never traveled, got no education. They have grubbed around all their days on n side-liill farm, and can't be expected to know anything. I loved that gal and I've married her, I've got to go down to her standard, or raise 'em up to mine, and I'm on the raise!'' " What success?" was tbe query. " First rate, so far. The two old una have got so they can peel off a banana bide and shuck peanuts beautifully! The old man is a little backward about spitting out of the window, but I'll fetch him to it afore we get home." The boy came along with figs just then and the grooui went forward to explain to the family that "figs look something like taters, but have a more elevated taste." How TO KEEP HOTEL IN NEW YORK.— A New York correspondent of the Boston Journal say?.- Out of a hundred men who have been engaged in the hotel business, scarcely a doz.n attain prosperity. The sudden closing of the New York Hotel was a surprise to our people. Men compe tent to judge pronounced it one of the heat paying hotels in the city. Yet Cranston sank his fortune in the house, and Wrisley has fared uo better. Men get into these hotels put on a great show, live extrava gantly, and then depart without paying their bills. This wis tbe bane of Wrisley. He supported a great mauy families that belonged to other people. One of his boarders, notorious down town for paying nothing, yet dressing in tip-top style, owed a board bill at the New York Hotel whin it closed of $4,000. Ciark, of tbe Bre voort, coined money every year he wae in the house Yet all his predecessors were ruioal by that establishment. If men did not pay their board weekly, no matter whou. they were, they had their walking papers. In this way Clarke weeded out his house, and got a first-class paying custom. No body imposes upon Darling of the Fifth Av enue Hotel, nor on Hawka of the St. Nicholas. The Astor House is, as a restau rant, coming up. The Post Office has drawn the lawyers, brokers and real estate men into its immediate vicinity. For business purposes, the hotel was never in better trim. The intermediate hotels do not amount to much. The first clasa houses between Tweoty-fifth and Forty second streets are successful because they are occupied by families. Boarding or liv ing on flats with meals at a restaurant to the style just now. There is very little economy in it. You can get a good house for SI,OOO. It costs from $2,000 to $3,- 000 a year for a suit of fashionable rooms without furniture or table. MAXIMS FOR WHlST.— There are a lew maxims for whist-playing which I com mend to those who are fond of the game. The moment yon receive your cards declare they are abominably bad; thus, if you will, yon can claim credit for your play, no matter what yonr op* ponents say. Hold your cards that they may not be seen by yonr adversary, and take every opportunity of looking over the bands of your enemies. Never lead from your strongest suit, you only weaken you hand. First play out the miserable little cards, which are simply eyesores to you and ought never to haTS been dealt to you, and then if yon hap pen to have any court cards or tramps your adversaries will be completely puzzled to know what has become of them. Always keep yonr aeee and kings and good tramps till the end, and when your partner, as astonished as your adversaries at seeing them all come out with a rush, says, " What on earth could have induced you not to play those cards before?" give a Lord Buileigh nod and say, " Allow me to play my own game; I know what I'm about." That will probably sniteto him, upon which you should remark blandly that you never lose jour temper at whist. Always claim honors—the other side may forget —and pocket anv stray cash lying on the tame. With that, these hints must end tor the piss ent.— London Court Circular. BP*"George Sand" (Mum. Dude vaut)isdead. Her novels, powerfully written, were pernicious, and almost her whole life has been harmful to fee* inanity. Of late yearn her books did not sell, and her income coaaMfct chiefly of 10,000 francs a year, received as salary from the Revue dm Dnuf Mondes, and payment toe casual con tributions to the newspapers. r ' . V £S*A few weeks since a Chicago drueo mer saw a young lady plotting A in Macoupin, Illinois. Be stopped to ask: " When do you begin oa&CF " Not until the beads are heties fl than yours," was the MnMnliilM Wtjifi? The young man passed musiug and