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Washington standard. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory) 1860-1921, August 05, 1876, Image 1

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VOL. XVI.-NO. 38.
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OFFICE— Corner of Second and Washington
\\V. the delegate* <>f tlie Democratic |wrty of the
Uuilcd States, in national convention assembled, do
ii icbv declare the administration ol the Federal Gov
ernment to lie in oreat need of immediate reform: do
hrrebv enjoin upon the nominees of the convention,
and of the Democratic party in each State and a* St.
],.litis, to make etiorts and to eo-opcrate to this end. and
d ■ hereby appeal to our fellow citizens of every h.rmer
political 'connection to undertake with its this tlr-t and
most pressing and patriotic duty for the benefit of the
whole country.
U e here affirm our faith in the permaneuey of the
Federal Union: our devotion to the constitution of the
United states with its amendments universally accepted
as a linal settlement of the controversies that vugen
dered tlie civil war, and do here record steadfast court,
deuce in the perpetuity of Republican self eoverninent
ia an absolute acquisition in the will of the majority,
the pricipie of republics; in the sttpreiuacy of tlie civil
over military authority; in the total separation of
church and Slate, for tlie sake alike of civil ami
, sis freedom; in the equality of all citizens liefore the just
laws of their own enacimeut; in the liberty ol individ
ual eonduet uuvexed by sumptuary laws; in the faith
ful education of the rising generation, thai they may
pres tve, enjoy and transmit these best conditions of
human happiness and hope.
Wc uphoul the noblest products of otic hundred years
of changeful history, but while upholding the houd of
our union aud thegrcatcliarteroftlieseourrighls. it
h. hooves a free people to practice also that eternal vig
ilaiu-e which is the price of liberty, lti-lorm is lieces
sarv io ri build aud establish in the hearts of tlie whole
people of the Union, eleven years ago happily rescued
from danger of corrupt centralism wliich alter iritlict ing
upon ten States the rapacity of the carpet-bair tyranny,
has lionet-combed the offices of the Federal Govern
ment itself with incapacity worse than fraud; Inflicted
Stales mid municipalities with contagion of misrule
and locked fast the property of an industrious people
in the paralysis of hanl times.
Reform is necessary to establish a sound currency ;
restore the public credit and maintain the liatioiiul hon
or. We denounce the failure for all these ten years to
make good the promise of the legal notes which are
changing the standard value in the hands of the people,
and the non-payment of which is a disregard of the
plighted faith of the nation. We denounce Ihe Improv
idence which in eleven years of poucc has taken from
the people in frauds ten times the whole amount of the
egul tender notes aud squandered four times the sum
in useless expense without accumulating any reserve
for their redemption. We denounce the tliiancial poli
cy aud immorality oi that party which (luting eleven
v'ears of peace, has made no advance towards resump
tion, no preparation for resumption, but instead has
obstructed resumption by wasting our resource* and
exhausting all our surplus income; and while equally
professing to intend a speedy relurn to specie payment,
lias annually added fresh hindinuccs thereto. As such
a hindrance, we denounce the resumption clause of
the act of 1875, aud demand its repeal. We demand a
judicious system of prepaiation by public economics;
ov official retrenchments aud by wise iiiiatice, which
shall enable the nation to assure the whole world of its
perfect ability and perfect readiness to meet any of its
promises at the calf of its creditors entitled to payment.
We believe that such a system well devised aud intrust
ed to competent hands of execution, creates at no lime
an artificial scarcity of enrrenry, and at no time alarm
ing the public mind in withdrawal of that vaster ma
chinery of credit, by which 95 per ceut. of all business
transactions are tierformed—a system opcu, public and
inspiring gcueraf confidence, would from the day of its
adoption bring healing on its wings to all our hurrassed
industries; set in motion the wheels of commerce, man
ufactures and the mechanic arts; restore employment
to labor aud prosperity to the people. Reform is neces
sary in the slim aud mote of Federal taxation lo the
cud, that capital be set free from distrust and labor
lightly burdened.
'We denounce the present tariff levied upon nearly
4,0110 articles as a masterpiece of injustice and false
pretenses. It yields a dwindling, not a yearly rising rev
enue. it has impoverished many industries to subsi
dize a few. It prohibits imports that might purchase
the products or the country. It has reduced American
commerce from the first to an inferior upon the high
seas. It has lowered the sale of American manufac
tures at home and abroad aud depletes the returns of
American agriculture and industries followed by half of
oar people. It costs the p. ople five times more than
it produces to the Treasury. It obstrncts the processes
of production and wast s the fruits of lubor. It pro
motes frauds, fosters smuggling, enriches dishonest
officials and bankrupts honest merchants. We demand
that custom house taxation shall be only for revenue.
Reform is necessary in the scale of public expense, na
tional. State and municipal. Our Federal taxation has
swollen from St*J.OUO.UUU gold, in 18(10 to $450,000,000
currency in 1870. Our aggregate taxation has grown
from $190,000,000 gold, iii leHio to $7.10,000.000 currency,
or in otic decade from less I ban $5 per head to more
than $lB per head. Since the peace the people have
paid to their tax gatherers more than three times ihe
amount or the national debt, and more than twice of
that sum for Fcdcfal outlays. Above all, we demand
frugality in all the departments and every office of the
Reform is necessary to put a stop to the proflgate
waste or public lands and their diversion from actual
settlers by the party in power, which has squandered
two hundred millions of acres upon railroads alone, aud
out of more than twice that aggregate has disposed of
less than a sixth to the tillers of the soil.
Reform is necessary to correct the omissions of a Re
publican Congress and the errors of our treaties aud di
plomacy, which have stripped onr fellow citizens of
foreign birth and kindred race crossing the Atlantic, of
the shield of American citizens, and exposed ourbreth
crn of the Pacific coast to the incursions of race no
spi-akiug a language from the same great parent stock
aini in lact now by law denied citizenship tbrongh natt
unitization as being neither accustomed to the tradt,
tions of a progressive civilization nor exercised in lili
crty under equal laws. We denounce the policy which
thus discords the libeity loving German aud tolerates
the coolie trade in Mongolian women imported for im
moral purposes and Mongolian men held to perform ser
vile labor contracts, and wc demand sucha modification
of the treaty with the Chinese Empire, or such legisla
tion by Congress within Constitutional limitations as
shall prevent the farther importation, or immigration
or the Mongolian race.
Refiirtu is necessary, and can never be effected hut
bv making it the controlling issue of the elections and
lilting it above the two false issues with which the of
tice-holding class and the party in power seek to smoth
er it. L, The raise issue with which they would en
kindle sectarian strife in respect to the public schools,
of which the establishment and support belong exclu
sively to the States, which the Democratic party Iras
cherished from their foundation, and is resolved to
inaiutalu without partiality or preference for any class,
sect or creed, and without contribution from the Treas
ury. 4. The false issue by which Ibey seek to light
anew the dying embers of sectional hate lietween kin
dred people once nnuaturally estanged, but now united
in urn. indivisible republic and a common destiny.
Reform is necessary in civil service. Experience
proves that the efficient economical conduct of the gov
ernment business is not possible if its civil service be
a prize fought for at the ballot box, be a brief reward of
nartv zealTnstead of posts of honor assigned for proved
competency, and held for fidelity in public employ.
That the dispensing of patronage should neither be
a tax on the time of all onr public men nor the instru
ment of their ambition. Here again profession falsi
fied In the performance attest that the party in power
now can work out no practical satisfactoiy reform. Re
form is necessary even uiorc in higher grades of public
service—President. Vice Fresidents. Judges. Represen
tatives. Cabinet offlcers-these and ad in anthonty are
the people's aervants. Their offices are not private per
quisites, they are a public trust. When the annals of
this Republic show the oisgiace and censure of a V Ice
President; of a late Speaker of the House of Represen
tatives marketing* hie railings as a presiding officer;
or three Senator* profiting secretly by their voting as
lawmakers; of five chairmen of Ihe leading commit
to-'s of the late House Of KepresenWtlves exposed in
robbery; of a late Secretary of the Treasury, forcing
balances In the public acconuts; of a late Attorney Gen
eral mi*apDropri*tio« public fundr-; of a Secretary of
the Navy, enriched, or eurichlnj? friends, by percentage
levied off the profit* of contractors with hi* depart
ment ; of au Embsaeador to Eugland censured for a dis
honorable speculation; of the fre#ideut * private sec
retary barely escaping conviction ui»on trial for guilty
complicity in fraud* upou the revenue; of a Secretary
of War impeached for high crime* and confessed ml*
demeanor*: The demonstration ie compjete that the
fir-t step in reform must be the people's choice for hon
est inen from another party, lest the disease of one po
litical orgaixation infect the body politic, and lest by
making no change of men or party we get no change of
measure* and no reform of ail these abuses, wrong* and
crime*. That the production of sixteen yeur* of as
cendancy of the Republican party create_• neceMly ftw
reform, ia confessed by th« theaMelvea.
but their reformer* *r* voted down iu convention ami
displaced from the CUfctoet. Thepaity* minis of the
lamest voter* I* powurluM to resist to* 804» oOce
bolders,it* leader* aad guide*. Reform caueniybe
bad by a peaeefrtl, dvte revolution. We dautiuda
c han,'e or narttaa tket w* may bar* a ckauge of mm
bf** aud of IMB.
JkvotMl to SRtivs, iJtaHtu'o. the ffisstmiuatitm of fistful information nnd th« promotion of the 3!cot interests of -Washington ?erritorri.
ruAPTKi: xi.
After reading the letter with which
the last, chapter closed, Miss Cushiug
drew a long sigh of relief, but not o?
satisfaction. She was relieved to know
that he was alive arul somewhere in the
world. Iu tho world, and alas! in the
Earth also. But ho had asked her to
come to him instead of holding out the
least hope of his ever returning to her,
aud he had asked in a very improper
way. It was the object of bis letter, he
said, and yet he had not thought of it
till after the letter was begun. And
why did he want her to come V Glorious
opportunities, indeed! But he ought to
know her better than to think her ready
for these adventures, and seek her for
tune in any such way as that. Did he
wish her to come at all ? Would he not
be surprised to see her ? Did lie wish
to see Iter? All these questions passed
upon her inind, aud already she was
preparing mentally an answer to the
letter. She would begin it, Respected
Sir, and it should be a very cool docu
ment throughout. She would let iiitn
know that she had no desire whatever
to see either himself or tho dark and
nasty world which she had heard that
they hail discovered. She would tell
him that his expetienee in tinding new
and pleasant friends was matched by
her own; that it seemed to her that each
succeeding college class brought a more
pleasant set of young men than any be
fore it. She would solemnly declare it
as her opinion, that our minds were
providentially self-adjusting, so that
present friends always fully made up
for the loss of tlioseabseut. She would
send a great deal of love to Arthur—but
no! that would not do, for then he
would be asking her in quite a different
fashion to take up her residence in the
new world. No doubt he would do so
anyhow. There was his letter unread,
and she had serious thoughts of return
ing it uuopeued. But it might coutain
something about Intnau. That she
must see at any rate. She made no
pretense to herself of fceliug as coolly
upon the subject of his welfare and
whereabouts as she had been planning
to write. She opened the letter glanced
at its closely written pages and said,
" icy oh, what a letter!" and proceeded
to read. And this is what she read;
the parts omitted relate to what has al
ready been told in this narration:
INSIDE WOULD, January 17, 1877. J
My Dear Miss Cusiilng: If tliis letter
reaches you, all Boston will be abla/.e with
excitement concerning our great tiiscovery
before you break the seal; so I need not say
that we have accomplished our object. Hav
ing written your name and begun this letter
I must first of all say, " Having discovered a
world, 1 lay it at your feet!" Figuratively
speaking I lay it at your feet; literally it is at
your feet and lam at your feet. Never love
before placed himself so far below his mis»
tress in order to win her, and never lover
loved as I do. You r.ced not think of Lean
tier or Parseus, or any of those old fellows
that swam seas or slew monsters, to win or
rescue their beloved, I have dared as tuucli as
any of lliem, I have loved more, and have
succeeded in doing more. Yet I would not
boast; I have beeu fortunate, that is all, I
really have done little. For more than it
year" I have done what I could. 1 hope to
live fifty years, aud all my life is at your ser
vice. Shall 1 sail to the moon; shall I bring
you a star ? l>o not laugh at me, lam per
fectly aware of the bombastic style ill wliiclt
1 am writing, aud yet there is meaning, there
is truth, in my very extravagance, for my
love for you cunuol be exaggerated, and my
fortune lias been great, I bring a gift worthy
of even you. Having freed my mind thus
far, in the very beginning, 1 must tell you the
story of ibis new world." No newspaper for
tlie next three months will have so full an
account of our journey and our discoveries
as this lover's letter will give you. We bad
many adventures nnd pretty hard times,
especially in the polar regions, upon our in
ward voyage. How often I thought of you
as wc sailed along tlie coast of Maine. Not
that you were ever out of my thoughts, but I
soon bad so much else to think of. * * *
And so we were safely domiciled at last in
this city of Hotlccsliinda, as we call it. I
hardly know whether we ought to call it a
city or a town, for certainly it has no city
government, such as outside cities have, and
yet it is almost as large as Boston, so far as
people and houses are concerned. And it is
at! so very, very strange. When I have done
my poor best at describing and you have
stretched your imagination to tlie utmost,
you will not have a perfect mental picture of
it. Everything is built of stone, for wood is
scarce and exceedingly precious. No trees
such as wc are used to, or would call trees at
all, grow in tlie inside world. The fuel is
coal which is übnndant and of tlie best
quality. But you have little idea of the num
ber of things whiclt we are used to seeing,
made of wood, that here arc make of some
other material. Tables, chairs, beds, nay
rou see nothing of the kind, you can hardly
imagine that you arc in a house, where peo
ple live at all, everything is so different. Let
me tell you about the house Inmau and 1
live iu, which is a fair specimen of the
dwelliugs ia this city. As you approach the
house you sec no roof, but simply a high
stoue wail witli many irregular projections
and angles and many large windows, both
above and below. The entrance is u large
arched way provided with ponderous iron
gates, which rusty with age, arc seldom or
never closed. From this passage way, which
must be twenty feat wide, arched doors open
to the different rooms of the basemeut of the
building. This is naturallv used for house*
hold stores, fuel etc., and I will not describe
it. One side of this passage is occupied by a
stone stairway to the story above. Here we
have tbc same spacious entry, but the stone
floor is richly carpeted and tlie whole long
room furnished with books, pictures, chande
liers, ornaments of many curious kinds, but
not a table nor a chair! And yet here are
most inviting scats. First r. scat nearly three
feet wide, extending along the wall oil cither
side, built up from the floor of solid masonry,
but so cushioned above as to be both beauti
ful and comfortable. Then under each
chandelier is a solid block of marble that
answers for a table, aud beside each one, cer
tain other curiously fashioned and superbly
cushioned blocks of stone, which though
immovable on account of tbeir great weight
serve instead of chairs. We a enter what
may be called tlie sitting room, though it
would be also drawing-room and parlor, iu
the outside world, and wc are greeted by a
bright fire burning upon what I always want
lo call the altar, directly in the middle of the
large room. Above this is the funnel m*e
of brightly polished brass, arranged so that
it is easily raised or lowered so ss to svoid
»oJ dlOoolty conoern|ng smoke. Around
ilic fire is a s.irt of glass well-curb let us call
it, upon which the lower edge of the funnel,
which is widely Hired, rests when brought
down. The lower edge of this glass curb
rests upon, what I have called the altar,
(through association' with certain pictures in
anoldHible.) This altar is a solid lilock of
stoue with a depression on the top to receive
the coal and retain the ashes. The glass
curb serves to keep in the tire and yet not
hide it, and in its lower edge are certain
notches to produce draft when the funnel is
down. This is the common heating and
ventilating apparatus in Holtecshinda. The
ceiling of the room is an arch of solid stone.
Beautifully shaped windows of stained glass,
however, relieve the room from anything of
a tomb-like appearance. A light iron stair
way in one angle of the room leads to the
balcony, above which, indeed, is the entire
roof of the house. From the ceiling hang
two beautiful chandeliers, which, witli their
chains and rings and long symmetrical arms,
seem to be made of solid gold. Around the
room again runs the broad, comfortable
seat, aud in of it are the most in
viting of easy climrs, placed two and two in
the most coquettish of positions. But what
strikes a person fresh from the outside world
most strangely of ail in these houses, is the
absence of right angles and straight lines.
Not many rooms are quadrunqular, nor many
circular, many clliplical and more entirely
irregular. But I have so many other things
to tell you, that 1 must not take more space
now in telling about the hauscs.
Buch a time as we are having with this in
side language! Names of all common tilings
we soon acquired, and a few common verbs,
but to come at the exact signiticancc of ab
stract terms and adjectives derived from
these is a question of time, to say the least.
But Inmun is makiug great progress, lie
learued the meaning of the word love in the
new language ia a few hours, and the young
girl of whom he learned that word, is his de
voted teacher, and already he is interpreter
for all of us. As a written language this has
many advantages over ours, especially in the
matter of brevity. There are at least a
thousand word-signs, which can he made
with a single stroke of the pen, aud these
stand for any ordinary man's vocabulary.
The consequence of this is that every writer
is a verbatim reporter. This contributes
doubtless largely to the truthfulness of these
people, for no one ever feels sure that his
words are not being accurately written as be
speaks. The printing is a species of engrav
ing. Upon some wax like preparation a
man writes rapidly withpn iron point. This
plate of wax is inked some way that 1 do not
fully understand, which leaves the ink only
in the depressions made by the graver. The
press is simply an elastic roller, that is passed
<>ver the paper quickly, and as you see from
the enclosed specimen a very clear impres
sion is made. Can you read it ? In mar.
says it is a love song of his own composition.
Perhaps lie will send jou a translation.
The productions of this world, in the way
of grains, roots, and vegetables, is something
to wonder at for a life time. Everything
seems at lirst something known, but proves
upon examination to be something else. For
instance, 1 approach a tree to get what seems
an apple; when I get it in my hand, I tiud it,
indeed, to be a goosberry. Something like
apples we have, but are more like potatoes
in taste being more mealy iustcad of acid.
But here 1 am iu a ticld that it will take
the scientific men many years to explore.
1 cannot either enter upon a description of
the strange beasts imd birds that we see here,
further than 1 have already done incidentally.
But there is one thing concerning the min
eral productions of this region that I must
tell you. Gold is us abundant here as iron!
Of course you are not foolish cnougli to sup
pose this will in any way enrich the outside
world. On tlie contrary, it will cause great
trouble. But we will get rich out of it, dur
ing the transition. The ship tlmtenrries this
letter to you takes gold enough to coin more
tliau a hundred million of dollars! This
will be sold judiciously, not too rapidly,or cx
cliangc for real estate in and about the great
cities. Then within a few years gold will
fall below standard of value, and an uncer
tain one it will lie And now I must close.
Long as this is, I have told you almost noth
ing of this strange world. The most inter
esting and important part must be left for
my next letter, that is the laws and customs
and beliefs of the inhabitants here. Wc
sec many strange and interesting things every
day hut as we acquire the language and es
pecially the ability to read, wa will learn a
great (leal more. And the next ship outward
shall bear you another long letter. Oh,
how I long to hear from you! Will you
not write to tne ? I can wait years for your
love if you will only yield me your friendship
now. Write to inej or I shall be obliged to
conic and see you the next steamer, and
then I guess you would be sorry.
And, now in all sincerity, I am yours truly,
(To be continued.)
Philadelphia Times says, " One of the
most interesting of the State buildings
is the Mississippi log cabin. Every
foot of timber used in its erection was
shipped from Mississippi, and curpen
ters from that State came here to put it
up. With its walls of native wood fresh
from the forest, its rustic-framed win
dows, Gothic doorway and overhanging
eave9 fringed with moss; its balconies of
naturally and curiously carved roots and
limbs, and its numberless reminiscences
of the untrodden forest, it forms one of
the most interesting, if not the most in
structive, baildings on the grounds.
There are in the building sixty-eight
different kinds of wood in the super
structure, not iucluding the door pan
els, which are made of forty-eight dif
ferent varieties. The outside walls ure
chiefly of hickory split logs with the
bark on, while the door and window
frames are made of maD}' varieties of
pine. The entire structure is rich with
ornaments found carved by nature in
Mississippi forests, while the inner walls
are of finely-polished spocimons of
every variety of pine. Some of these
resemble bird's-eye .maple in their
delicate vein tracings, while others,
from the heart of the tree, are al
most as dark and brilliant as mahog
any, The porticos on both sides are
ornamented with mosses, while from
the arched verandas are pendant beau
tiful hnnging baskets.
This anecdote is told of Dr.
Samuel Jolmson and wife previous to
their marriage: He said that ho very
much wished to marry her, but there
were three obstacles. First he was of
very humble origin; second, he had no
money, third, he had an uucle who was
hung. In reply, Bhe said she honored
no man more or less because of his par
entage; second, she had no money her
self; and third, although she had had
no relatives bung, she had twenty who
deserved it, and she wished they were.
far Theodore Tilton's four children
—two young ladies and two boys—art
all living with their father at the old
homestead in Brooklyn. The wife and
mother will the next to oome, though it
mnst be as the children have come—
without asking.
Many things have been used at dif
ferent times for money— cowre shells in
Afiica; watnpum or beads made of
clam shells, by American Indians; soap
jby Mexico. The Carthagenians used
lea'her for money, probably bearing
some mark or stamp. Frederick 11., at
the siege of Milan, reviving this cus
tom, issued stamped leather as money.
In 1330, John the Good, King of
France, who was taken prisoner by the
celebrated Black Prince, and sent to
England until ransomed, also used
leather tnonej-, having a small silver nail
in the middle. Salt is the money in
Abyssinia; codfish in Iceland and
Newfoundland. "Livingmoney,"slaves
and oxen, passed current in ancient
Greece and among the Anglo-Saxons,
in payment of debts. Adam Smith
says that in his day there was a village
in Scotland where it was not uncommon
for the women to carry nails iustead of
money to the barber's shop and ale
house. Marco Polo found in China
money made of the bark of the mulberry
tree, bearing the stamp of the sovereign,
which is death to counterfeit, it being
the earliest specimen of paper money.
Tobacco was generally used as money
iu Virginia, up to 1000, fifty-seven
years after the foundation of the colony,
and men bought wives for such a
weight of tobacco; while in Canada
the beaver-skin being the great staple,
was, in like manner, made a unit, and
all transactions estimated in beaver.
The legislature of Massachusetts once
enacted that wheat should bo received
in payment of all debts, and the con
vention .in France, during the revolu
tion. on the proposition of Jean Bon
Saint Andrea, long discussed the pro- j
prietv of adopting wheat as money, as ;
tho measure of the value of all things. |
Platina was coined in Russia from 1828 j
to 1845. But tbe metals best adapted ;
and most generally used as coin are ;
copper, nickel, silver and gold, the first |
two being now used for coins of small
value, to make change; the two latter,
commonly designated as the precious
metals, measures of value and legal ten-:
ders. On the coutinent of Europe a
composition of silver and copper, called
bullion, has long been used for small
cuius, which are made current at a
much higher value than that of the
metal they contain.
In China Syeee silver is the principal
currency, nnd is merely ingot silver of a
uniform fineness paid and received by
weieht. Spanish dollars also circulate
there, but only after they have been
stamped as proof that they are of the
standard fineness. As Asia Minor pro
duced gold, itsearliest coinage was that
of metal. Italy and Sicily possessing
copper, bronze was first coined there.
Heroditus says the Lydians were the
first people known to have coined gold
and silver. They had gold coins at the
close of the ninth century B. C. Greece j
proper only at the close of the eight
century B. C. Servius Tullius, King
of Route, made the pound weight of
copper currency money. Tho Romans
first coined silver 281 B. C., and gold
207 B. C. Some nations, although
they worked the metals with skill, seem
never to have coined money, and such
was the case with the Irish, of whom no
coins are know prior to the English in
vasion in the twelfth century.
Mr. Charles Pope's management of a
Southern theatre, ono night when some
high-toned star was holding forth, a
great sensation was produced by a nau
tical-looking old gentleman, who, with
all dignity, produced a spyglass, and
when the lorgnettes were directed at
the stage, with a report like a young
pistol pulled the critter out to its full
proportions and levelled it at the per
The novelty in the way of an opera
glass created so much diversion that
word was sent to the offending old sailor
that he must put it up, which he would
not, as he said it was his style of glass,
and he was going to use it.
Further remonstrance resulted in the
spyglass shutting up and the old gentle
man indignantly waking out as the cur
rain fell on the tirst act.
Before it rose again in walked the
seafaring man in company with eight
others of the brand as himself.
Solemnly they were escorted to seats,
all near together. The play proceeded;
of a sudden crack, fizz, squeak went
nine spy-glasses, some of them a yard
long. Simultaneously the whole liiue
were pulled out to their extremest
length, and the weather-beaten old
countenances brought to bear on the
end of them.
The audience howled, the players
struggled on, but the instant an exciting
passage was reached,, whang went the
nine spy-glasses, and the crowd yelled
with delight.
Iu this way the performance dragged
along, till, as actors and audience could
stand it no longer, the play was brought
to an untimely end; the eight old sea
dogs who had been summoned off the
levee to assist the original offender un
sntilingly filed out behind him, fully
avenged for all interference, with the
triumphant spy-glasses under their
arms. — Stephen Fiske, in the Illustrated

33C George Eliot: There are mo
ments when by strauge impulse we con
tradict our past selves—fatal moments,
when a fit of passion, like a lava stream,
lays low the work of half our lives.
ty Mary dear,'' said a mother to her
little girl, " if I was a little girl I should
pick up all those chips." " Well, mam
ma," auswered Mary, '• ain't you glad you
are not a little girl ?"
Nothing will make a woman so
mad as to have her husband pull a straw
out of a brand new broom to clean bis
pipe with.
Pa:er Uorperdeclines to withdraw
It would be too bad if he were to rush in
between Hayes and Tildeu and grasp the
The Washington National Intelligencer
lately contained the following article in
relation to Charles Carroll of Carrolltou,
the only survivor in 1826 of the men
who signed the Declaration of American
" In the year 1826, after all save one
of tbe band of patriots whose signatures
are home on the Declaration of Inde
pendence had descended to the tomb,
and the venerable Carroll alone re
mained among the living, the govern
ment of the city of New York deputed a
committee to wait on the illustrious sur
vivor and obtain from him, for deposit
in the public hall of the city, a copy of
the Declaration of 1776, graced and au
thenticated anew with his sign manual.
The aged patriot yielded to the request
and affixed, with his own hand, to a
copy of that instrument, the grateful,
solemn and pious supplemented declar
ation which follows:
" Grateful to Almighty God for the
blessings which, through Jesus Christ
our Lord, he has conferred on my be
loved country in her emancipation, and
on myself in permitting uic, under cir
cumstances ot mercy, to live to the age
of eighty nine years, and to survive the
fiftieth year of American Independence,
and certify by my present signature my
approbation of the Declaration of Inde
pendence adopted by Congress on the
Fourth of July, 1770, which I originally
subscribed on the second day of August
of the same year, and of which lam now
the last surviving signer—l do hereby
recommend to the prcseut and future
generations the principles of that im
portant document as the best earthly
inheritance their ancestors could be
queath to them, and pray that the civil
and religious liberties they have secured
to my country may be perpetuated to
remotest posterity and extended to the
whole family ot men.
CHARLES CARROLL of Carrollton.
Any. 2, 182(1.
COLLEGE. —John Eliot of Clinton has
presented to the Memorial Hall of Ham
ilton College an historical clock, which
Charley Lamb might have characterized
as " ratherish old." It has timed at least
245 years, and is still a good timekeeper.
It was brought from England by Rev.
John Eliot, " the apostle to the Indians,
who landed in Boston from the ship
Mary Lyon, Nov. 3, 1631." It was
handed down as a family inheritance
from him to his son, Joseph Eliot, who
was graduated from Harvard College in
1658; from Joseph to his son Jared Eliot;
from Jared to his son John Eliot; from
John to his son Edward Eliot; from
Edward to his son John E. Eliot of
Clinton, the sixth in descent from "the
apostle to the Indians." This old clock
faithfully marked off the hours, months
and yenrs which the missionary Eliot
devoted to the translation of the Bible
into the Indian language. Before this
translation could be made, or even be
gun, it was necessary to reduce the rude
oral dialect ot the natives to the form of
a written language. The work was
completed in 1663, and published at
Cambridge, Mass. Only sixty copies
of this work are now in existence. The
last one that was sold brought $1,156.
The only living man that can read it is
J. Hammond Trumbull of Hartford,
Conn.— Ulica Herald.
—— - i tm ♦
A GIRL'S CHANCES. —A Cincinnati girl
sends to the Enquirer, ot that city, a
table that she has made up based upon
her own observation, showing a wom
an's chances of marriage between the
ages of 14 and 60. Of 1,000 women,
taken without selection, it is found that
the uumber married at each age is be
low; or if (by an arithmetical license)
we cull a woman's chances of marriage
in the whole course of h?r life 1,000,
her chances in each two years will be
shown in the table:
Age. Chances. Age. Chances.
14 i q.) 28 ( j.
15 I 32 29j *»
lb ( |lA| 80( .n
17 S 1(H 311 18
18 I q«n "12 I «>
19 I 213 33 i 14
20 ( 34 »
211 35) 8
22> iW' o !
23 J ICd 37 | 2
It; 102 lal 2
Sf _
jar with a close lid or bung, and half
till it with the best and strongest viue- 1
gar; then, as spare vegetables of any
description come to hand, such as
small beaus, cauliflowers, radish pods,
young cucumbers, onions, &c., throw
them in, taking care, a 9 the jar fills,
that there is sufficient vinegar to cover
the vegetables. When neatly full, add
mustard seeds, bruised ginger, shallots,
whole pepper, &c., &c., to taste. Tie
down tightly and place the jar in a ves
sel of water over the fire, or in a 6low
oven, until the articles are sufficiently
soft to suit the palate. In this manner
good, wholesome pickles can be made
at only the expense of the vinegar und
spice, and with the least possible
atnouut of trouble. Of course, if the
various kinds of vegetables are wished
to be kept distinct, such may be done.
APPLE FLOAT. —Take six large apples,
pare, slice, and stew them in as much
water as will cover them. When well
dono, press them through a sieve, and
make very sweet with crushed or loaf
sugar. While cooling, beat the whites
of four eggs to a stiff froth, and stir in
the apples; flavor with lemon or vanilla.
Serve with sweet cream. Quite as good
as peaches and cream.
till they are soft, then cut them length
wise into bits two or three inches long,
and simmer in a white sauce made oi two
spoonsful of brotb, a bit of mace, half a
a cupful of cream, a bit of butter, and
some flour, pepper and salt.
The Empress of Germany be
lieves that the world would be better
governed if women had more to do with
The dead man is wise, but he is si
A hopeless person is one who deserts
Have not thy cloak to make when it
begins to ruiu.
Hope is the dawn of joy, and memory
its twilight.
Prejudice squints when it looks, and
lies when it taiks.
The slanderer and the assassin differ
but in their weapons.
He who is honest for reward is a
knave without reward.
The speculations of one generation
are the history of the next.
There is a long and wearisome step
between admiration and imitation.
Youth is made to wish and dream,
and life to deny youth's dreams and
Be deaf to the quarrelsome, blind to
the scorner, and dumb to those who
are mischievously inquisitive.
Violent passions are formed in soli
tude. In tbe bustle of the world no
object has time to make a deep im
God breaks the cistern to bring us to
the fountain. He withers our gourds,
that he himself may be our shade.
Charity, like the suu, brightens
every object on which it shines; a cen
sorious disposition casts every character
into the darkest shade it will bear.
Don't look too hard, except for some
thing agreeable. We can find all the
disagreeable things in the world be
tween our own hats and boots.
Resist every false doctrine; but call
no man heretic. The false doctrine
does not necessarily make the man a
heretic; but an evil heart can make any
doctrine heretical.
Nothing can bo more injurious to
your peace of mind than to have too
many confidents. You live in abject
slavery every day, as you arc constant
ly feariug that some of your numerous
confidants will reveal a secret you
would not have anybody know for nil
the world.
President Grant and his family
were treated to the pleasure of a genuine
scare last week. A young gentleman
and his tutor, who had just returned
from Europe, arrived in this city and
put up at Willard's hotel. Having left
some of their baggage in tbe Custom
House in New York, they concluded to
draw up such an affidavit as they thought
necessary to get it released. They be
gan: " Washington, May 28, 1876. I
(giving his name,) hereby swear that
the box containing—." When they got
this far they were unable to remember
exactly what was in the box, and so
gave up making the application. They
left tbe city for Baltimore, and left the
unfinished application lying on the table
at the hotel. Some wag accidentally
got hold of it, and continued the writ
ing, adding tbe following to it: "tbe
dyamite fixtures arranged for the pur
pose of blowing up the present admin
istration was carefully deposited under
the White House on Sunday night, the
28th. It is so arranged that it will ex
plode on the night of the 3Dtli of May,
at 11:30 o'clock. Hoping that it will
peform its work successfully, I am
yours," etc. He then gave the paper
to u friend, who hurried around to the
White House with it. The scene that
followed there was a lively one. In
stant search was made inside and out
side of the house, and a long time was
spent in moving every article under or
behind which the infernal machine
might have been placed, but of course
without avail. Tbe matter was then
placed : u the hands of the detectives,
who traced tbe two gentlemen to Balti
more, where they were going to arrest
them. The gentlemen, ignorant of
any wrong, were going to have the de
tectives arrested, when another lively
scene took place. An explanation was
finally had, the discrepancy between
the two handwritings shown, and tbe
detectives left, looking as if they bad
been sold.
in the London Physician and Pharma
cist, strongly urges the employment of
acid tarnate of iron a 9 a local remedy
for diphtheria. It may be prepared, he
says, by the addition of one ounce of
the muriated tincture of iron to one of
a strong solution of tannin, and applied
by meaus of a brush to the diseased
throat, or elsewhere, as the case may
be; or, what is perhaps a better way,
apply the muriated tincture of iron
in full strength to the diseased part
with a brush, wait for a few moments,
then apply the solution of tannin in
the same way, thus forming a union of
the two at the point of the disease, hav
ing at the same time the advantage of
chemical action, if there be any. On
examination a few hours after, the line
of demarcation will be seen distinctly
drawn by the discoloration of the dis
eased tissue, showing exactly the extent
of the disease, the very thing desired;
with a tendency to reparation, which
will go on rapidly, if the system be pro
perly treated with a nourishing diet
and tonic and stimulating remedies.
Dr. Hopkins regards this remedy as
" above and before all others."
JSC A plan to make Mount Vesuvius
practically useful has been broached in
London. It is nothing else than to con
vert the crater ibto a receptacle for
dead bodies. A company will under
take to run mortuary trains from dif
ferent parts of Europe to Vesuvius and
up its sides to the summit, on reaching
which they will tilt their contents into
the abyss, leaving nature in its grandest
form to do the work of canceling the re
mains of humanity, and then take the
surviving mourners a short excursion to
Naples and its environs in order to can
i eel the last remains of grief.
WHOLE NO". 826.
On a Pennsylvania Central Railroad
train entering the city the other day
were a newly-married couple, accom
panied by the bride's father, mother,
two sisters and a brother. The young
husband was very attentive to the whole
family, and his action seemed so sin
gular under the circumstances that a
New Yorker seized tho opportunity to
"Just been married?*'
" There's the female I made happy
for life at seven o'clock this morning,'
was the reply, as the groom pointed to
his bride.
"And the whole family are with
you ?"
"Every blamed one, and the dog
Towser is ahead in the baggage car."
" All traveling at your expense?"
" All at my expense; and its just go
ing to make the ducats sick before we
get homer'
" You are the most liberal husband I
ever saw," remarked the New Yorker,
as he settled back in bis seat.
" Hist! you don't see the pint!" whis
pered tbe groom. " Look at that 'ere
family once! Why, the whole caboodle
of 'em don't know enough to last a mule
over uight! They never saw anything,
never traveled, got no education. They
have grubbed around all their days on
n side-liill farm, and can't be expected
to know anything. I loved that gal
and I've married her, I've got to go
down to her standard, or raise 'em up
to mine, and I'm on the raise!''
" What success?" was tbe query.
" First rate, so far. The two old una
have got so they can peel off a banana
bide and shuck peanuts beautifully!
The old man is a little backward about
spitting out of the window, but I'll
fetch him to it afore we get home."
The boy came along with figs just
then and the grooui went forward to
explain to the family that "figs look
something like taters, but have a more
elevated taste."
A New York correspondent of the Boston
Journal say?.- Out of a hundred men who
have been engaged in the hotel business,
scarcely a doz.n attain prosperity. The
sudden closing of the New York Hotel
was a surprise to our people. Men compe
tent to judge pronounced it one of the heat
paying hotels in the city. Yet Cranston
sank his fortune in the house, and Wrisley
has fared uo better. Men get into these
hotels put on a great show, live extrava
gantly, and then depart without paying
their bills. This wis tbe bane of Wrisley.
He supported a great mauy families that
belonged to other people. One of his
boarders, notorious down town for paying
nothing, yet dressing in tip-top style, owed
a board bill at the New York Hotel whin
it closed of $4,000. Ciark, of tbe Bre
voort, coined money every year he wae in
the house Yet all his predecessors were
ruioal by that establishment. If men did
not pay their board weekly, no matter whou.
they were, they had their walking papers.
In this way Clarke weeded out his house,
and got a first-class paying custom. No
body imposes upon Darling of the Fifth Av
enue Hotel, nor on Hawka of the St.
Nicholas. The Astor House is, as a restau
rant, coming up. The Post Office has
drawn the lawyers, brokers and real estate
men into its immediate vicinity. For
business purposes, the hotel was never in
better trim. The intermediate hotels do
not amount to much. The first clasa
houses between Tweoty-fifth and Forty
second streets are successful because they
are occupied by families. Boarding or liv
ing on flats with meals at a restaurant to
the style just now. There is very little
economy in it. You can get a good house
for SI,OOO. It costs from $2,000 to $3,-
000 a year for a suit of fashionable rooms
without furniture or table.
MAXIMS FOR WHlST.— There are a lew
maxims for whist-playing which I com
mend to those who are fond of the
game. The moment yon receive your
cards declare they are abominably bad;
thus, if you will, yon can claim credit
for your play, no matter what yonr op*
ponents say. Hold your cards that
they may not be seen by yonr adversary,
and take every opportunity of looking
over the bands of your enemies. Never
lead from your strongest suit, you only
weaken you hand. First play out the
miserable little cards, which are simply
eyesores to you and ought never to haTS
been dealt to you, and then if yon hap
pen to have any court cards or tramps
your adversaries will be completely
puzzled to know what has become of
them. Always keep yonr aeee and
kings and good tramps till the end, and
when your partner, as astonished as
your adversaries at seeing them all
come out with a rush, says, " What on
earth could have induced you not to
play those cards before?" give a Lord
Buileigh nod and say, " Allow me to
play my own game; I know what I'm
about." That will probably sniteto
him, upon which you should remark
blandly that you never lose jour temper
at whist. Always claim honors—the
other side may forget —and pocket anv
stray cash lying on the tame. With
that, these hints must end tor the piss
ent.— London Court Circular.
BP*"George Sand" (Mum. Dude
vaut)isdead. Her novels, powerfully
written, were pernicious, and almost her
whole life has been harmful to fee*
inanity. Of late yearn her books did
not sell, and her income coaaMfct
chiefly of 10,000 francs a year, received
as salary from the Revue dm Dnuf
Mondes, and payment toe casual con
tributions to the newspapers.
r ' . V
£S*A few weeks since a Chicago drueo
mer saw a young lady plotting A
in Macoupin, Illinois. Be stopped to
ask: " When do you begin oa&CF
" Not until the beads are heties fl
than yours," was the MnMnliilM Wtjifi?
The young man passed musiug

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