Newspaper Page Text
L. P. FISHER. Newspaper Advertising Agent. Rooms 20 and 21 Mercfuints'Exchaiij*:-. California Street. San Francisco. Messrs* PETTIXGILE & CO.. 37 Park Row- New York. Democratic Nominations. For President, SAMUEL J. TILDEN. For Vice President, THOMAS A. HENDRICKS. OLYXPIA. SATURDAY MORNING, AUG. 5, WG. THE EDUCATION OF TEACHERS. The Teacher's Convention recently held in this city, has developed an un usual interest in educational matters, and placed the object sought before the people in such a form as will enlist a united support of such changes in our school system as the Institute may de termine upon recommending from time to time. Amoug the many excellent suggestions made at the late session, was the recommendation for the estab lishment of a normal school, or the for mation of a normal class, in our Terri torial University, where the teachers may be trained especially for the duties of the school-room. Teaching of late has beeu recognized as a scieuce, or an art, requiring not only adaptation and knowledge, but thorough drill in the mode of imparting instruction, from the rudiments to the end of the aca demic course. The pjincipal agencies introduced for this object have been teachers' as sociations, educational periodicals, nor mal schools and teachers' institutes. The formation of teachers' associations dates back to tliat instituted in Middle town, Connecticut, in 179:1. Twelve years afterward the " Incorporated So ciety of Teacbers" was formed in tlie city of New York, and in IS3O the L.s sex County Teachers' Association was established iu Massachusetts, which has maintained its organization and held semi-annual meetings to the pres ent time. The most prominent of the existing educational associations, how ever, is the American Institute of In struction, which was formed at Boston, in 1830. This and preceding efforts awakened a new inter, st on the sub >ject, and led to the formation of Stale aud county institutes, base upon the general plau adopted by them. Iu 1823 the first teachers' seminary, was opened at Concord, Vermout, but the first normal school, was not es tablished until 1833, at Famiughain, Massachusetts, as an experiment, Ed mond Dwight subscribing SIO,OOO for the purpose on condition that the State should appropriate an equal amount. Its eminent success called into existence the many excellent State institutions for the education of teachers, and led to the formation of the American Normal School Association, in 1855, at the an nual meetings of which many funda mental points in reference to the dis- tinctive character and specific aim of schools is discussed. So it will be seen that normol school instruction has been reduced to a system from which the most satisfactory results must inev itably flow. The earliest teachers' institute in this country, was that formed at Hartford, Connecticut, in 1839, at the instance and expense of the State Superinten dent of Common Schools, to prove the practicability of the plan. The result was entirely successful. Institutes multiplied rapidly, until their utility has obtained general recognition, and re sulted in the formation of county or ganizations as an indespen&able ad junct to common school instruction. It is, of course, impossible for our Territory to maintain a school devoted to this special object without Govern mental aid, but it is altogether practical to establish a department in our Terri torial University which may, as our re sources increase, finally assume posi tion as a distinctive institution. The need of competent teachers here is not less than it is in dense communities. The educated teacher recognizes text books but as an aid towards accom plishing a result; a far greater duty is incumbent in securing proper mental and physical discipline, in selecting the mode of imparting instruction, which varies with the peculiar teinperment of the scholar, and in enlisting an interest in the tasks assigned to each pupil. It is thin method which constitutes true economy and makes what is irksome drudgery a pleasing occupation. It has been said that "he who shortens tbe road to knowledge lengthens life," and this is eminently true when applied to tbe manner of imparting instruction in our common schools. THE Senate military affairs committee have reported very emphatically on tbe petitions asking Congress to grant the Dalles Millitary Reservation, and buildings to tbe State of Oregon, for the purpose of an insane asylum, indorsed by Gen. O. O. Howard, with a state ment that he thinks no better disposition can be made of it. The committee, after referr ing to recommendation of the war depart ment made to Congress in 1864 that tbe prop erty should be sold, and after quoting report from Secretary Cameron that grain can be raised in perfection, and that the buildings are of value, say they see no especial reason why this portion of the public domain should begranted to Oregon, or why that State should receive such donation. Any other State might with equal propriety expect any other portion of the public land within its bounda ries. They therefore report a bill providing that the reservation be sold by the interior department for cash at not less than apprais ed value. A TOMADO swept through the Walla-valla valley a few days ago, doing considerable r damage. "ceife as decisive and final a settlement as did the slavery contest in the late civil war, if the recent telegrams of the slaughter of Crook's foices, are con firmed. The butchery of (Jen. Custer and his gallant band has doubtless in cited the Indians to a pitch of enthu siasm which anything short of annihila tion will fail to subdue, while it has ef fectually disposed of the mistaken pbil anthopy which has ever actuated people unacquainted with Indian character. All intercourse with the warlike tribes which inhabit the Plains has proven that they can only be kept iu check by a wholesome fear of the consequences of their misdeeds, and now that they have set at defiance the power of the Govern ment, the Rubkou is crossed, and they are aware that 110 retreat or evasion of is possible the consequences. Any com promise on the part of the Government is now out of the question. The blood of the slain must be avenged, or we will sink in the estimation of even the .-avage foe, and secure at best a peace broken by frequent hostile incursions. By the terms of the treaty made in 1808 with the hostile bands, they agreed to surrender their claims to the vast region which lies west of the Missouri and north of the Platte rivers, and res trict themselves to a tract of territory bounded on the east by tbe .Missouri river, on the south by Nebraska, west by 104 th meridian and north by the 4(!tli parallel—a territory as large as the State of ?diehigan. While the larger portion of these bai ds have respected the treaty stipulations, there were some who have never recognized its binding force and have constantly committed de predations 011 the scattered settlements of the frontier. These, it appears, Sitting Bull has united, and assumed command over them. They have for years waging war against the weaker tribes and fron tier settlers. Early in 1875 the Depart ment of the Interior, after giving the Indians notice to remove to the reser vation, finally turned them over to the War Department. An expedition was fitted out during the winter, but in con sequence of the severe weather, was incapable of making an effective cam paign The recent disaster is probably more owing to the confidence of the officers in command than any mismanagement on the field of battle. They were sim ply overpowered by a superior force of athletic wariiors, most cf whom were skilled horsemen, supplied with im proved fire-arms ami plenty of ammu nition. Had Custer not detached (ien. Terry's command, the force woukl pro bably have been sufficiently large to have won a different result. This force did not arrive until the day after the battle and massacre. The effect of the disaster will doubt less be to arouse a warlike spirit among those who had accepted the terms of the treaty, unless it is followed by a speedy punishment. This lesson, if yesterday's dispatches are true, they have not yet received, but another de feat of our forces is chronicled, almost as disastrous as the one previously an nounced. Every such result only serves to prolong the contest, but it may ter minate in a more lasting peace, secured by the utter annihilation of the savage warriors whose footprints on the plains have been literally marked with human gore. CAPT. STARR'S DEATH. As there have been various conflicting reports circulated with reference to the circumstances which immediately pre ceded Capt. Starr's denth, on the 14th inst., we deem it proper, injustice to all concerned, to publish an authorita tive statement, derived from facts fur nished by the officers of the steamer Annie Stewart. It appears from tbe statement of Mr. Bigelow, the Purser, that, ou the 13tli, Capt. Starr was in the enjoyment of bis usual health, that he appeared to be in excellent spirits, and on the trip from Port Townseud over ho invited Mr. B. to partake of some nuts which he had purchased at that place. Mr. B. as sented and they both ate heartily, and afterwards went to the bar and took a drink of root beer, and this is undoubt edly the cause of the captain's subsequent sufferings. On arriving at Port Madison, Capt. Starr complained of cramps in the stomach, and retired to his room, saying to Mr. Bigelow " You and Char ley can do as you please about laying up at Seattle till 4 o'clock, or proceeding on the trip. lam going to bed." As the boat approached Seattle, Capt. Starr came from his room, and said the atmo sphere was so hot and oppressive he could not sleep. Mr. Bigelow opened the doors of the office and urged him to occupy his berth, which he did, ex periencing immediate relief from the draft of cool air, he fell almost immedi ately asleep. On arriving at Seattle, the Captain arose, and reiterated his former instructions that the officers of the boat could do as they pleased about remaining at the wharf or proceeding on the trip. He then went to bis room, still suffering from pains in the region of the stomach. Messrs. Clancey and Bigelow, concluded to remain at the wharf and went to bed, and to this cir cumstance may be attributed the impor tant incidents which soon followed. About midnight Dr. Sparling was called to prescribe for Capt. Starr, whose sufferings in tbe meantime had increased so much as to render medi cal aid necessary. The Bar-tender tes tifies that he was sent for the Doctor and the Night Watchman to having aided in administering the hypodermic Capt. Starr's seveie indisposition. Un der the ministrations of the doctor, Capt. Starr soon went asleep, and the Doctor left, after instructing the Watch man that if the patient awoke, to ad minister a teaspoonful of a prescription he had prepared and immediately send for him. As the Captain did not awak en, the Watchman very naturally sup posed the medicine was acting favor ably, and at the usual time went to bed. All the officers cf the boat were thus unaware of the dangerous phase of the Captain's illness, or that a doctor had been called. In the morning, the non-appearance of the Captain at breakfast created no alarm, or even suspicion that anything was wrong, ns his hours of rest, from the nature of his position, were quite irregular, and his orders were for the officers of the boat to proceed in the discharge of their respective duties un less some change was made by him. After the boat left Steilacoom, Mr. Gleasou passed on the guards by the Captain's room, and observed him through the open window, lying, in the berth on his back, the bed-clothes par tially over him, and breathing heavily. An hour or more afterwards, he passed again and was surprised to find the sick man in precisely the same position as before. He then attempted to arouse him, without success, and iuimediately reported to the superior officers his con dition and surmise that the patient was seriously ill. All haste was then made for this place, and as soon as the boat reached the wharf n messenger was dispatched for medical aid. As some hours elapsed before Capt. Starr's death was made known, during which time every effort was being made by skillful and experienced physicians to recuscitate the patient, an erroneous impression has obtained that tlio boat had been at the wliarf several hours before aid was called, or were the Cup tain's condition known to those on board. While on this subject we quote from the Oregon ltemocrat the following re ference to incidents in the life of Copt. Starr aud graceful tribute to his per sonal character. It indicates that those who know him best were his warmest friends, and they are found far and near, iu every community where he was known: Captain E. A. Starr, for along time master of the steamer North Pacific, between Olyin pia and Victoria, ami more recently Captain of the Annie Stewart, died suddenly last Friday at Olympia. He was horn in Wes tern New York, in the year 1821, and conse quently was about bo years old at the time of his death, lie was for a number of years connected with the American Express Com pany, on the line of the New York and Erie road, during which time he was married to a M iss Went/., of Chenango county, N. Y., an elegant and accomplished lady, sister of Hon. E. Livingston Went/., the chief cngin eer of the Texas Pacific railroad for many years. Early in 1853, Captain Starr resigned his connection with the American Express Company, and settled in Painted Post, Steu ben county, N. Y., where lie was the propri etor of a large tinware manufacturing estab lishment, which business he successfully carried on for several years, when he immi grated to Oregon and settled in Pot Hand. For the past few years he has been closely identified with the carry ing trade iu connec tion with his brother, L. M. Starr, and others on Pugct Sound. As n steamboat manager, Captain Starr bad but few equals, and his death is a blow that will long be felt on the inland waters of the Northwest coast. There was a warm place in Captain Sturr's heart for those who knew him intimately and well; ever ready to assist a friend, his hand was always open. We have known of many who have been assisted by him unostenta tiously, but when his aid was needed, it was given irccly, silently and cheerfully. Those who have known him for muuy years, like the writer, can truly say, a good mail and a true friend lias gone to his rest. Peace to be his ashes. KIND WORDS. —It is so seldom that any of our down-sound exchanges hive anything favorable to say of Olympiu, that wc transfer witii pleasure the following from the Tribune to oui columns. It is true in every particu lar, so far as it refers to our public improve ments. If the people would only now take heart, and instead of cultivating an already chronic habit of grumbling, talk up the town, it would continue to steadily advance. We are pleased to note, however, a decided im provement in this respect; wc trust that it is an indication of the dawn of a new era in our local progress: The work of grading the streets of Olympiu still progresses, every year a little being doue, until, by acknowledgment of ull, they are much the best thoroughfares afforded by any town of less than five thousand people on this upper coast. Their roads into the coun try also take a high rank, while their side walks and shade trees have made the town famous, throughout the country. Though Olympia is a little slow in business matters, it is a lung ways ahead on public improve ments. Possessing not one half the popula tion of Seattle today, in this direction (pub lic improvements) it is ten years in advance, and is worthy of all praise therefor. It is the only place in the Territory that has a town hall, and thcir's is a very creditable structure costing some fourteen thousand dollais. Tney have a town jail, while their country jail is a larger and better structure than that of any other county in the Ter ritory. They have also the finest, best and most costly school houses (excepting the University, erected by the Government,) a public wharf and a good road leading to it, a whole Fire Department, with engine, hose cart, hook and ladder equipment, cisterns, &c. The Masons, Odd Fellows and Good Templars each own their Hall buildings and lots, the two, former their cemeteries, and the latter their library and free reading room. The churches arc better and more numerous than those of any other town, the Episco palians, Congregationalists, ltoman Catho lic, Methodists, Unitarians, Baptists and Presbyterians each having their house of worship, and most of them their parsonage. The waterworks and water supply of Olyin pia arc also unquestionably unequalled. All these things, and much else (including the money and work spent upon the Olympic and Tenino Railroad,) have been done dur tbe course of a long term of years, a little at a time, and a little all tbe time, until they Lave reached their present excellent condi tion. In this direction, there is no let-up with them, and, it may truthfully be said that not less than one-half of tbe substantial public improvements in the place have been done in the last five years, or during the dullest, most despondent period of the town's existence. It has been customary with citizens of Seattle for many years to rail at Olympia for its slowness and poverty, but it lias been done chiefly by those who do not know, or else who do not care how ridicu lous or untrue their assertions may be. It may almost be said "the boot is on the other leg' in the instance of this comparison. It certainty is as concerns public improvements. Seattle is now only beginning, and the begin ning seems to hurt terribly. There is more growling over the street work being done than is creditable, though all acknowledge the necessity for it. HALF ANB HALF. BY A. PILTON. Poor Siwash snuffs the morning air. Chaco si yah copa chuck. Just as the beast leaps from his lair Pa clatawa Iseum muckamuck. He views the landscape far and near, Elosh tumtum copa illahe. Where oft he's chased the fleet wild dger— Yaka halotikke elite. He sees the mountain's summit high- Wake clatawa sockalie copa cold— And for past dangers heaves a sigh, Elup yaka chaco old. Upon Its hooks his rifle rests; Wake tikke alta mamook pool HU leather belt and buckskin vest. • Mamook chaco warm, hiyou. Are hanging by his faithful gun- Wake yaka Ipsoot raowitchskio. Each day he counts their service done. Copasitkum sun pe let tintln. Farew ell old gun. we're growing old. Musket klosh. clahayum six. Ourtalesof pleasures have been told. Wake holoiama, copet let. We'll leave these haunts to younger spurts, Clatawa siyah capa stick. And hunta quiet, cool resort. Elup nika chaco sick. SochalleTj-hee, nanitch nika; Alke nika niinialoose Lolo tumtum copa nika, Pc potiatch klimmin seahpoose. WE find the following particulars of a shocking accident in the Oregonian of the 2?lh inst.: "Monday Mr. Louis Powell, who lives near Lewis river, W. T., left home to be abscut most of the day, leaving at home a little son about six years of age. That day Powell's brother-in-law, a man named Mil ler, was engaged in mowing the meadow which was situated near the house. The child went out into the meadow and spent several hours in playing about, following the mower, and amusing himself in catching lit tle ground mice. Several times the child ventured too close to the machine, and Mil ler cautioned him repeatedly. Late in the afternoon Miller stopped the team to unhitch. Just as he got out of the seal a mouse ran out of a hole and scampered off in the grass in frout of the sickle. With childlike heed lessness, the little fellow sprang after tiie mouse intent on securing its capture. The noise and efforts of the boy frightened the horses, causing them to suddenly start for ward. In an instant the boy was caught in the sickle and ltad one leg severed just above the ankle joint. A doctor was summoned, who on his arrival found it necessary to amputate the limb above where it had been cut off. At latest accounts the little sutlerer was doing well. Tun shade trees of Olyuipia are famed all over the northern country for their luxuriant beauty. There are maples, weeping willows, cherries, elms, pupiais and mountain ash. The latter, in our judgment, are more lit for the purpose to which they are all devoted, by reason of t heir slower growth, and they are certainly io«>st nttr active to the eye. In about two weeks their dirk green, symmetrical leavi s and bright scarlet 1 terries will present a brilliant contrast hardly surpassed in beauty bv a boipict of pinks, roses and geraniums. Till-, boom of thoCurran Brothers,contain ing a million feet of sawlogs, that had been brought in Irom Lake Washington and nils cliored at the head of Seattle hay, broke or was broken open early Sunday, and the logs all permitted to escape. The owners organ* izcd a temporary camp on (lie beach and are engaged picking up those that did not get out of the buy. They will save the greater part probably. MARTIN VICE has just commenced LLIC con struction at San Francisco of a small steam yacht for the U. S. Coast Survey service. She is to lie 28 feet long, (! feet beam, and 20 inches deep, and is intended for service on I'uget Sound, under Mr. E. Ellicott, of Seuts lie. Her machinery arrived on the last trip of the Dakota, and the hull will probably be up a fortnight or a month hence. UNUEII the heading of "Benefit of Ad vers tising" the Seattle Tribune has the following: "An owner for the curls advertised us found in last evening's Tribune turned up very promptly today." We do not imagine the lady will lie over well pleased with Tom's frankness in making the matter public. THE new tug of Hanson, Ackcrson, & Co., was to have been launched at San Fran cisco on the evening of the 20th. The name given her is the Tacomu, and she is spoken of by the press of that city us one of the finest and most powerful tugs in the United States. MOKE than sixty thousand residents of San Francisco have been punctured with bovine virus since last May. A "bear" of Califor nia street remarks that if it all takes, the bo vine element of the stock market ought to be pretty active. The great race of the series over the Seat tle course was run yesterday and won by Billy Bigham in two heats out of three. It was 2 J miles and repeat for a purse of SSOO. The entries were Tom Mctry, Cragieburn and Bigham. A NEW ship was sold at East Boston last week for £54,700. or at the rate of $37 <SO per registered ton. No wonder Eastern papers suy that ship property is selling at ruinously low figures ARRANGEMENTS arc making to organize a party of ladies and gentlemen to go out and camp a few miles from town, a week or two and spend '.lie time in fishing and hunting. 11. 8. CROCKEK & Co., of San Francisco, have scut us a very fine Calender, for the year ending June 30, 1877, printed in four colors and gotten up in excellent style. THE wife of Hon. C. M. Bradshaw, is quite ill of fever. She has been making her home with her mother, Mrs. IlolmeV, during the absence of her husband iu the East. COL. BENJ. ALVORD formerly of the ser vice in Oregon and Washington, has been appointed by the President to be Paymaster General of the U. S. Army. A THEATER, after the mclodeon order, was opened in Seattle, this week, and the house is said to have taken in SIOOO, the first even ing. DANIEL BAGLKY, of Seattle, was this week elected assignee in bankruptcy, at a meeting of the creditors of Mr. Gard. Kellogg, of that city. FROM THB DAILY OF SUNDAY. THE steamship Dakota on her next trip down will have a large freight, including forty tons at Seattle, 108 cords of stave bolts at New Tacoms, half a million lathes at old Tacoma, a heavy hoop pole and wool ship ment from Steilacoom, and the usual large list from this place of water-pipe, meats, farm products, and 1,000 bushels of charcoal. Eleven passengers are booked from this place for San Francisco, aggregating $330 revenue, which will be increased by down freight list to about S9OO. We are assured by Mr. Free man, the agent, that the down freights from Olympic pay a better revenue for the Com pany than any on the Sound. This is a mat ter of congratulation, as it insures ihe con tinuance ft the line to this place beyond peradventore. I Ul3 KIMII. avow ucuia «iu uc pieucu uuuir the main strnctnre, to increase it* strength, although there is no perceptible weakening of any of the timbers, which are but a few years old. The roof of the warehouse will be extended to the north end of the wharf, so as to shelter the gangway and cattle corral. Now if the town authorities will but replace the dilapidated crossing on Main Street, which being on the line of approach to the wharf is more used than any other, it will be an im provement wick will doubtless receive the hearty approval of the public. In fact it would not be an unwise expenditure of mo ney to appropriate a sum sufficient to fill and gravel whole of Second Street leading to the w..arf. " TIIK INSIDK WORLD."—WC give another chapter of this interesting serial in this issue. Those who have studied the ideal creations of cminineut writers of fiction, will find in this story much to admire. The only legiti mate censure we have heard thus far has been that the author has not kept up close connection between the cliapteis; that from two to four weeks have elapsed between the presentation of different scenes in the drama, which her facile pencil lias thus far por* trayed. This objection is well taken, and we hope there will be more continuity in suc ceeding chapters, unless indeed she belongs to that clats of literati who only write when the spirit mtives. A CINCINNATI dispatch of the 2(ith i ust. says that in response to a call, several hun dred unempi oyed laborers held a meeting »nd after listening to speeches deploring the destitute coud'liou of working men, marched in procession to tljQptficc of the May or and demanded "Bread or blood." The Mayor placed a guard of police around the building, and after hours of waiting and dis cussion the crowd dispersed. Talk of hard times when such scenes are of such frciptent occurrence on the Atlantic seaboatd as well as in the more densely populated destricts of the Old World. TEACHERS' INSTITCIE —I he only remain ing business of importance transacted by the Teachers' Convention Friday was the election nf oilicers under the permnuant organization, Mr. Judson was elected President, Revs. G. F. Whitwortli, and G. W. skinner and J. E. Gaudy Vice Presidents, J. E. Clark Secre tary, and O. P. Jones, Miss Frances Meeker and Mrs. Bell Assistant Secretaries. The next meeting will be held at Seattle in De cember, the precise date to lie fixed liy the Executive Committee. AT the annual .meeting of the American Traet Society, in New York, the reports showed that more than 72,000,000 pages of tracts have been distributed during the year; receipts for the year, including $101,718 in donations and legacies, $-102,232; to which add $12,323 l alanci s, making total resources for the year $304,577. The expenditures have been $301,803, leaving a balance in the treasury of $2,773. William Strong, of Philadelphia, was chosen President for the ensuing year. Mn. L. L. Taicott, of this place, has, we are informed, been appointed Superintendent at the Penitentiary, on McNeil Island. Mr. Pitts, who formerly occupied that position, is still retained as an assistant. lie has prov en himself to lie a competent and faithful of ficer. and the change, we presume is made only to increase the efficiency of the insti tution. THE Transcript of yesterday, in its niar ridge announcements, bus two men married to one woman, in deli once of the statute in sueli cases made and provided. Now if this was in Utah, or some other region where common law does not apply, we should not worry about it; but as the case stands, we think our contemporary should " rise and explain." THE most unwelcome piece of news for the surveyors, aside from the meagre appropria tion made by the present Congress, is the reduction of the rates to one-half the for iner prices. The rates arc now $7 per mile for sectioral lines, in limber land, and $6 on the prairies. At this rate, there will doubt less be but little work done. MK. NOLTNER, of the Portland Standard, has purchased the Daily Evening Journrl and consolidated it with his paper. The daily will hereafter bear the name of Even ing Standard. Mr. N. is a thorough news paper man, and will doubtless make the dni lv, as he has his weekly, worthy of the name it bears. YESTERDAY the OLYMPIAN WHS live months old, with but a single mouth rcmainiug to complete its probationary term as an exper iment. It is now safe to say that its publica tion will be continued indefinitely. Its sup port has been equal to the expectations of its publishers, and is steadily increasing. MK. Emanuel Rosenthal, who has been in the employ of his brother, G. Rosenthal, Esq., several years past, will depart next week, for Corvallis, Gregon, where he has accepted a position in a mercantile establishment, lie carries with him the best wishes of a host of friends. PERSONAL. —Messrs. Purdy. Watkinson and Mcßeavy of Mason county and A. C. Swift of Kitsap county, have visited the Capital c-ily within the past few days. STOCKHOLDERS of the Western Washington Industrial Association are requested to hand in their certificates that new ones may be is sued in place of them. I THE freiglM charges on groceries by the Pacific Mail line, to Victoria, have been riased *1 and the ordinary rate is $4 instead of sl. THE next term of the District Court at Stcilacoom commences on Monday the Tlh prox. The docket is quite large. A death from small-pox occurred at Oswe go last week. A SLIOIIT fall of rain occurred yesterday morning. FROM THE DAILY OF TUISDAY. TIIE Walla Walla Watchman, of July 2Gth says: "Mr. Coplen is again in town, with a new lot of gigantic bones. His specimens are highly interesting and curious. Five new horns of various sizes, and evidently belong ing to different animals form a part of the present collection. A large number of im mense size, are shown, among which we uo tice the atlas, and the axes with its massive odontoid process. There arc other vertebra; on which the spinous process measures fully eighteen inches. Rib bones over four feet in length and with but slight curve, give some conjecture of the capacity of the animal's chest, the girth of which must have been tremendous. The teeth of the upper jaw have been discovered, four in number, two of which are without grinding surface and seem to have been used for dividing or cut ting the herbage on which the animal lived. Many other interesting specimens have been found, and it appears from further investiga tions made by the Coplin brothers, that the deposit is very extensive. Evidences of the presence of man have been discovered at a depth of between four and five feet" uiiMien: POST OFFICE DEPT., WASHINGTON, > D. C., July 13,1876. f Slß:— The following baa been enacted by Congress and approved by tbe President: "SECTION 2. That Section 3,894 of tbe Re vised Satutes lie, and is hereby, amended by striking out the word 'illegal' in the first line of said section." The section as amended will be read as fol lows: SEC. 3,894. "That it shall not be lawful to convey by mail, nor to deposit in a Post* office to be sent by mail, any letters or circu* lars concerning lotteries, so called gift con* certs, or other similar enterprises offering prizes, or concerning schemes devised and intended to deceive and defraud the public for the purpose of obtaining money under false pretenses, and a penalty of not more than SSOO nor less than SIOO, with cost of prosecution, is hereby imposed upon convic* tion, in any Federal Court, of the violation of this section." It will be observed that by this amend* ment letters and circulars relating to all lot teries, without regaril to the character of such lotteries, are declared unmailable, and the depositing of such letters or circulars in a Postoffiee to be sent by mail is an offense to be punished, upon conviction, by a fine of not less than SIOO nor more than SSOO, and the cost of prosecution. JAMES N. TYNER, Postmaster Genl. TUE Alaska Commercial Company is mak ing an enormous profit out of its contract with the Government by which it is allowed to kill 90 000 seals yearly in Alaska waters. It is believed that such a depletion docs not endanger the existence of the species in that neighborhood. Two*thirds of all the males are never permitted by other and stronger portions to land upon tbe same ground with the females, which always herd together, and the killing is done wholly among the bachelor seals, as they arc called. At certain seasons the bachelors .go out of the water and doze on the shore, and a dozen men running between them and the sea may turn thousands of them inlaud. The drove is driven toward the slaughter ground slowly, so that they may not become overheated, which would injure the fur. The killing is done by blows on tbe bead with clubs, their skulls being easily crushed. The fur as taken off the seals is covered with a coating of ronrse, grizzly hair, which is plucked out. ISY A simple process of reasoning we infer that the report to be made by Gcnl. Stark, regarding the Puyallup coal mines, will be favorable, as the land office records show that Frank (.'lark, Esq., entered a coal claim last Saturday adjoining the railroad company's coal lands. It is well known that the gentle man named is one of the confidential attor neys of that company, and therefore may be presumed to have a good idea in regard to whether a "coul claim" in that region is like ly to prove a "bonanza" in the future. I r is feared that the hay crop this year, though ample in quantity, may not be cured well enough, in consequence of the repeated heavy rains we have had, to keep it from heating or molding. Some farmers have al ready had trouble of that kind. Mli. MOBSMAN'S bid for constructing the new road from Swantown to the top of Ayers' hill was accepted; also for building the new bridge on Eleventh street, near Judge Green's residence. The contract for filling on Plum street was not let. THE Cherokee Nation pay men teachers $325 a month and women $-bO, thereby show ing more consideration for the "weaker sex" than school authorities elsewhere, which make a difference of at least one third THE Anderson gets her firewood in an economical way. It is cut near the shore of the bay and loaded on scows frcm which it is transferred direct to the deck of the steani- WE shall have to depend on California or Oregon for our potatoes the coming year, if the reports be true about the rot affecting this vegetable so extensively. A SCIENTIFIC paper says: "keep your rnir rors away from the sun." "And from the daughters, also, if you can," adds a family paper. SOME of the Londoners expect next year to have "Minister Morrisscy's Treatise on Faro." A VERY fine sailing breeze gave those who enjoy that sport an .opportunity forboatriding yesterday. THE game law goes out of force to-Jay, for all game except qqails. WILD blackberries are abundant this sea son. FROM DAILY OF WEDNESDAY. THE Argus says that the work of construct ing the new jail at Port Towusend has fairly commenced. It will constitute when com pleted a building forty feet square by two stories in height. The whole of the material to be used is to be of the first quality. The foundation sills, which are to be not less than 12x16 inches, are to l>c laid in mortar two feet below the surface of the ground, on which will be placed the wall sills, 12x12, also laid in mortar, and on these will be laid live cross sills not less than 11x12 inches each. The floor for the tirst story will be composed of 3x12 best quality Puget Sound fir, laid on edge and diagonally fastcued with eight inch cut spikes not more than 12 inches apart. On this floor will he placed the cells, with an intervening space between them and the outside walls as, also, a passage in the center between the two tiers. The floor of the second story will be luid with 3x9 fir lumber, doub'cd over the top of the cells, and well spiked. On this floor will be placed the offices of the county treasurer, auditor and sheriff. Ihe walls of the build ing will be constructed of 3xo laid on flat, fastened with 6 and 8 inch spikes—the whole weather-boarded with best quality spruce, dressed on one side. The outside front door is to be not less than four inches thick and hung with 1-2x3 inch strap hinges. The cells wilt lie reached through a trap door from the second story. The building is to be finished by the Ist of September. THE S. F. Chronicle, the chief of sensarton newspapers, says that the Northern Pacific Railroad Company have determined to abandon the present line and select a new one some hundred miles or si further smth. and that it will leave the Columbia river at Mintieello and run the n> 11 north to Seat tle. The best indication that this report is without the slightest foundation is the frank assertion of Vice President t'taik when inter viewed with reference to the Puvullup coal project, that the "company had no money to build a road anywhere, and were mines abundant, it could lie used more advantage* onsly in constructing other portions of the line." So it is not at all probable that the company will abandon the present line when the road i| completed, If indeed, it ever is finished. THE Woman Suffragists have mndc A posi tive advance in Conueclicut, in (be passage by the popular, branch of tbe Legislature of a bill which gives the sex, who are taxpayers on property assessed at SSOO or upwards, the right of voting at all meetings for municipal purposes. If this bill should become a law, it wilt be only a short lime before the insti tution of complete woman suffrage la the lie funds, will not reqaire violent w reaching to include the right of suffrage at State and national elections- When women are per* mitted tbe ballot for the protection of their property, bow long can It be withheld when claimed as a monument of the humanity of the "weakersex?" JACOBS the renowned bilk who "exposed" spiritualism in this place a few months ago, came to grief a few days ago at Stockton, where he was arrested for various misdeeds committed in San Francisco. Immediately after his arrest an effort was made by a mob to lynch him, but the Sheriff finally succeeded in getting bis charge to San Francisco, elud ing the mob by smuggling his prisoner through on a freight train. He is awaiting trial on charges which will probably send him to the Penitentiary. IN the second day's races over the Seattle course "Minnie Howard," from Victoria, won in two straight heats, beating Sank Owens, an Oregon horse. Time 1.43} and 1.40. Purse S3OO. The Third day's race re sulted in favor of " Bigharn," "Tom Merry" having sustained an injury which very materially iiindcrcJ his speed. He, how ever, won the second heat by half a neck. "Bigliam's" time 5.0(1. Dobbs says the first tiine a girl kissed him he felt us if he was sliding down a rainliow with butter and honey in each hand.—.Ex. That's it exactly, but then, like other good things; it don't last. WHAT a rank infidel Gail Hamilton is! Hear her: "Ifyou will undertake to undo the wrong that has been done by pious dull ness, I will very readily engage to dispose of the evil wrought by brilliant wickedness. " FIGARO" is the name of a small advertis ing daily issued at Seattle by Austin A. Bell. Its principle object is to serve as a house pro gramme for the Theatre Comique, the new temple of Thespis opened by Mr. Ilodgers. THE Smith Brothers' Foundry, in Port* land, was destroyed by fire last Saturday night. The loss is about $20,000, insured for SIO,OOO. A number of tools were saved but tbe patterns were all destroyed. YESTERDAY we received through Uncle Sam's mail a copy of the Seattle Dispatch dated March 30th. It has been just four months making the passage from Seattle to this place. Mr. 11. W.Scott, formerly editor of the Ote goniau, aud for several years Collector of Cus toms at Portland, wns recently united in marriage to Maggie X. Machesucy, atLatrobe, Pennsylvania. MARRIED. —At Dungeness Light House, July 2-lth, by Kc v. John Kea, Capt. Franklin Tucker, of Jefferson county, to Mrs. Eliza beth West, formerly of Steilaccom, Pierce county. " TRADE Dollars" are now taken at only ninety ceuts by the line of mail steamers on the Sound. This action will doubtless be come common among our business men. THE steamer Zephyr arrived yesterday un der command of Capt. Wright, her old mas* ter, Capt. Hill being detained at Seattle by severe il.ness. " PRESBYTERIAN Milliards," sometimes de nominated by the vulgar croquet, is becom ing a fashionable device for killing time in this vicinitv. PENNSYLVANIA has 225 beer breweries; Wisconsin, 232; Ohio, 210; New York, 203; California, 202; Illinois, IGS; and Michigan, 149. Mk. J. W. Tucker, the pioneer jeweler of San Francisco, well known to all "4')ers," died recently in that city. OREGON and Washington wool standi highest in the San Francisco market quota tions. Wst. Garlielde delivered the oration at a celebration of the 4th near New Dunginess. JAMES LIBBY, an old resident of King county, died in Seattle, on the 30th ult. TIIUKE girls took the white veil at St. Mary's Convent, ia Portland, last Friday. DIPHTHERIA is still prevalent in some por tions of Oregon. FUIII.NO excursions are now of daily oc currence. rROli THE DAILY OF THURSDAY. THE following dispatch from San Fran cisco, dated July 29, shows a frightful condi tion of affairs in the Bay City: The rapid increase of smallpox is causing considerable uneasiness in the city, and there seems but one opinion, that serious developments of the pestilence may be expected. During the: past week 94 new cases were reported, and' 19 deaths, and it is believed that many cases exist that have never reported. No part of the city is free from the disease, the best as well as the worst localities having furnished cases. Yesterday 20 cases were reported at the health office - , and it is likely from the coinmeucment made this morning that as many more will come in during the day. Two physicians are in attendance at the health office from morning till night and hundreds vaccinated*daily. Largely increased orders for vaccine matter are being sent East and just at present the supply is scarcely equal to the demand, owing to orders forwarded from the interior of the State. THE Nanaimo Fret Prex* gives the follow ing account of the reported drowning of six meu near Departure Bay:—"Several Indians arrived at Newcastle on Saturday last, and reported that the previous day they saw a dark bottom boat, containing six or seven men, capsize in the Gulf about six miles north of Departure Bay; it precipitated the meu into the water and all were drowned. From the description, the boat belongs to Mr. Sage and was loaued to a party of six men from Wellington, to go to Horpe's Lake via the Qualicutn river. They left this place a week ago last Friday and stated that they would he absent either one week or one month. The names of the parties who left in Sage's boat are John Jenkins, Josiah liowc, Frank Ilortf, Wm. Thomas, —Francis anil one whose naihe we could not learn. It Is set down as this boat ana parly from the fact that they weie returning i,» . aeh Nanaimo in the week, also that Lie number of men agree and the color <.f Hie boat." A FEW days ago the telegraph announced the appointment of a governor foi Idaho WHO. n no one seemed to know. We have sii-.ce learned that his name is Mason Bray maa, late of Wisconsin. He was a promi nent citizen of Illinois for many years and filled numerous important public positions there. lie was a brigadier-general in the late waf, and after its close moved to Wis consin. CCSTEU was the youngest Major-general ever commissioned in any army of ancient or modern times, and was more rapidly promo ted than any man in military history. In two years after he graduated from tbe mili tary academy he was in command of a divi sion of an army, and received hiacommiasiou aaa Major-general before be waa twenty three years old. lie captured more cannon and flaga than nay man daring tha war.