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OLYMPU. W ASOVN'UTON TEH. FRIDAY, MAY 7, 1880. Ho for Hie Coal Fields. On Friday, last pursuant to pub lished notice, the Directors of the Olympia 'and Tenino Railroad, ac companied by the President, the Secretory and a few members of the Board-of Trade, went out to Teuiuo, and thence, on foot over a broken country, to the coal mine opened some years since by ex-<vov. Salo mon and Col. Bee. The object of Ilk visit was to thoroughly examine the mine and determine, if possible, its availability as a feeder to the tmsiness of the O. & T. Railroad, in tame it could be purchased or leased at paying figures and successfully worked. So far as relates to its completion and practicaloperation, the railroad has now, for more than a year, fully discharged the obliga tions imposed upon it, and by vir tue of which it received the bouded aid of the county. But the road, as yet, lias no ob jective poiut other tlinn the mere junction with that division of the Northern l'ucific which spans our Territory from Kulaiua to New Tu conia. In a densely populated coun try, say as one of the Atlantic States, the mail ten ice receipts ard local traffic alone, would support the road, besides affording a respectable dividend to the stockholders. L>ut it must bo remembered that we are living in a sparsely settled country, ■where local trade goes but a very lit tle way towards compensating such enterprises as necessitate the outlay of large sums of money to get them into being, to say nothing of a con stant expense attending their opera tion. The people of Thurston coun ty are justly entitled to groat praise for their indomitable will and ener gy in pushing to a speedy -and hon orable consummation such a work as the Olytnpia and Teniuo Bail road. But the- road is not a chameleon; it cannot live and thrive upon air alont, and hence it behooves our people to put for!lr all reasonable efforts to open up an objective, busi ness point which shall iu all time insuj-e.e, safe and unfailing source of profitable trade. With the view of securing such a desideratum as this, the railroad officials, generously aided by the Board of Trade, have lately imposed upon themselves the task of either locking up and opening a sow ccal .mine, or utilizing to tLe profit of all concerned some mine already known and situated within a suitable dis tance of the southern terminus of the road e.-e it now exists. That coal is found in paying Quanti ties in and.about the hills surround ing Tenino prairie, there is uot the slighest question. This opinion was freely discussed and acquiesced in by several veteran coal miuers aDd experts, who, .by special iuvitalion, accompanied the expedition of last Friday- It is useless to dilate more on this subject. The needs of .our railroad are kuow.u to the people in town and -country, and as it appears to us, it becomes everybody, so far in him lies, to do scmethiug, towards miDisteriug to these wants. The finder of a rich and convenient cool -vein will be a fortuaate individual, mid will be promptly remunerated ioT all the time and labor he may iiave expended in tringiug to light «ucb a valuable discovery. Now who will be the happy individual ? Who will embalm liie name forever by being the first to announce the dis covery of the precious fossilized car bon so essential to our present re quirements? Instead of all speaking at once, let everybody assume the role of prospector, and our word for it, we shall not be kept long in un pleasant suspense. We are living in a country rich in minerals. We have geological riusou to be assured that both coal and iron exist in abundance under our feet. Once more we a>k. Who will be the fortu nate di-ioveter? Now that so many of our fr.euds in Tuoiwater are exeicisiug them selves ebeut repairing the lower bridge, would it uot be well for our a>wn citizens to encouiage them by trading a Lelpiug hand iu the way a routing field-day 1- A little tinioL of muscle as well as sentiment in this matter would accomplish wronders. flood for Land Owners. If we may credit a small portion, j only, of what Eastern papers say about tbe great tide of emigration now setting in from all parts of Eu rope to America, there is certainly quite nn encouraging outlook for the land owners of the Pacific coast. Tin New York Ilmld is warmly de voted to the emigration movement and assumes the authority to assert thnt 1880 will far outstrip any prev ious year in fhe history of Europeau emigration. Present indications would seem to warrant the conclu sion that the number of immigrants arriving in Boston, New York and Philadelphia during the present year will be, at least, three-fold that of 1870. During the three months ending March Slst, no less than thirty-five thousand emigrants set foot upon our shotes against about eleven thousand for the same time last year. According to the esti mates set down by the managers of eastern emigration boards, four hun dred thousand settlers will have ar rived at the Atlantic ports during the twelve months ending December 31st, 1880. Now, it is assumed Ly tic same authority that, on a fair average, each emigrant—men, women and children, all told—will briug sixty dollars in hard casli into the country, aggregating the round sum of twenty-five millions of dollars to lie expended for lands and other ' things necessary to the building up of homes. But this is not all. liven' able-bodied man, it is sup posed, will immediately become, not only a consumer, hut a live producer of either cash capital or its equiva lent representative. Not all these people will desire to go into the woods and hew out homes for themselves and families. 1 la-ay will have the ready cash to pay for improved farms. Hence, it wiil he seen, that those of our people who are now paying taxes on mote acres of improved lands than thev cur well utilize themselves, wi'l have a chance to dispose of all or a portion of their real estate not now altogether so profitable as they might wish it were. Making all due allowance for the sanguine and voluminous manner iu which the New York and Boston journals are treating this subject, there is abundant reason for suppos ing that lively times may be expected in the land purchasing and property exchanging business before the year expires. In view of these facts, all proper effort should be made by our home immigration societies aud land proprietors, to secure to our Terri tory « reasonable share of the thou sands of families now crossing the Atlantic. Tar uniou religious services, un- I der the. direction of lie v. Mr. Span.s --| wick, evangelist, have been condnct :ed with daily increasing interest, ! Each evening of the past week, iu ! the Methodist church. Mr. Spans wick preaches direct aud pointed sermons, with an earnestness which is very convincing, and a power which is amply evidenced by the number who have attended his min istry and remained to the enquiry meetings. Bible readings, upon practical topics have been held in the afternoons, at the Presbyteriau church. These also have been well attended aud highly instructive. Al together the actual aud aggressive portion of evangelical religionists, in Olympia, are having a happy time, and believe that they are do ing much good, in their Master's cause. If the religion of Jesus Christ is true, these working Chris tians are certainly occupying the only consistent attitude. The meet ing ou next Sunday night, as also those during the corniug week will be held afternoons and evenings in tbe Presbyterian church. All are invited to attend. REV. J. R. Thompson will conduct public worship in the Presbyterian church next Sunday morning. The Rev. Mr. Spanswick will preach in the evening. Tap many friends of Mrs. Louie M Lowe will be pleased to learn that she lias become a permanent resident of this place. I rn.KLi.LAs and rubber wear have once more come into requisition for a few days. THE steamer Zyhyr is blessed with large passenger and freight lists. A Fall Crop of Evil. The raying that " Misery Loves company" is singularly exemplified in the late experience of the Kal locbs and DeYoungs. After n per sistent running fire of scandal through many months, the lil'e of the elder Kalloch was attempted by the elder DeYoung. Although the victim came out unharmed, and was placed in the gubernatorial chair of a great metropolis, " Weary the head that wears a crown," lias justly been the burden of his song, day nnd night, ever since his election. Hardly had the public relasped into a troubled respite, when the younger Kalloch seeks to avenge his father's wrongs by becoming the murderer of Charles i DeYoung. Scaicely have the mangled remains of his brother be come cold in the receiving vault, when Michael DeYoung is arrested at the instance of Mayor Kalloch for the crime of libel. The prisoner is released on hail, nnd we wonder if the last sickening detail has come. No, we arc not yet relieved, for now comes a resolution from the Super visors of San Francisco, charging their chief magistrate with gross misdemeanor, and urging that legal | proceedings he at once instituted against him. Kalloch, himself the presiding officer, eooly puts the motion that orders his own impeach i merit. And so the disgusting busi ' ness goes on; thus, one shameful presentation after another is parad :ed before our people under the seu- I satioual head-lines of the city dailies, | demoralizing our children and mov | ing to unwilling shumcfacedness the batter part of every community. Would that lie could answer the ominous question, " What shall the end be ?" At the risk of being charged with egotism we must make passing allu sion to a very complimentary recep tion party held in Champion Hall i Wednesday evening us a token of re spect to the editor of this paper, who had just returned from a brief visit to Sau Francisco, as delegate to the Supreme Council C. 11. C. The entertainment was given by the members of Washington Encamp ment Champions of the Red Cross, l of which organization he likewise holds the houorod position of Com mander. The hall was beautifully decorated with evergreens, and fes tooned with ivy, ferns an:l natural flowers, the motto "Welcome | Home" being conspicuously dis | played at the head of the hall in the ; arrangement of these most beautiful lof nature's products. The exquisite taste displayed iu these decorations was the subject of universal com ment. At 9 o'clock, Past Command er Munson took the chair and an nounced the programme of the even ing, which included the rendition of " Home Again" by the choir, an ad dress of welcome by the presiding officer, a brief response, and ad dresses >by Gen. Milroy, Mayor Barnes, Mr. Silsby and others, in terspersed with appropriate music. At its close, the numerous guests sat down to one of the most elegant repasts which ever tempted the ap petite of an epicure, the free-will ofieiing of tho ladies belonging to the encampment. The table, which occupied the center of the hall, run ning its whole length, was likewise tastefully deoorated and the numer ous and dainty viands displayed in endless piofusion, left nothing want ing to constitute it a royal banquet and give the finishing touches to the fairy-like scene. The remainder of the evening was devoted to the social pastimes so popular on such occasions, in which everybody joined with a zest, and it was long " ayont the tw<>l" before an admonition was given that the hour of parting bad come. Like all " scenes that are brighest," it was but a momentary glimpse of the happiness which we hope lies beyond, but it leaves in the desert of tbe heart a bright oasis where Memory may delight to linger. CENTRAL RESTAURANT. —Mr. G. Richardi, a caterer of considerable experience, has leased the stand formerly occupied by Mr. Chilberg as the Delmonico, and is prepared to furnish board ana lodging at rea sonable rates. Meals may be had at all hours and oysters id every style. THL best tonic we know of for all those who are pining for a " better eoantry," would be a ride through our prairie borders, now teeming with gresn fielJs of grain. Teachers' Examination. According to the requirements of the School Law and pursuant to due notice previously given through the press, the County Board of Examin ers met on Wednesday last, in the school building of Olympia District No. 1. The Board consisted of Rev. J. R. Thompson, M. A., County Superintendent, Mrs. P. C. Hale and Prof. J. S. Henderson. Of the candidates who presented them selves, the following named persons received teacher's certificates in the order of merit according to which they stand: FIRST URAIIE. Miss I.aura J. Gardner, Miss Theresa F. Meriting, Miss llresca N. Meriting, Mr. 11. P. Hart, M r. K. A. Jack man, Miss Flora A. Parsons, Miss Etta Mprngue. SECOND OIIADE. M iss Naomi S. Ilieklin, Mr. Harry Minkler, Miss Jane Harnett. Miss l.aura M. Brock way. Master John 1,. Hay den. TI!IU1> OIIADE. Mr. M. T. Iloliait, Miss Sophia A. Meriting. Miss itosi A. Urowden, Miss Sarah K. Smith. TUMWATER has been in a blaze of excitement during the past week, over the bridge repairing question. So far as we can gather from reports, a fair majority of the property own ers and business men are in favor of having the lower bridge put in thorough repair, while the minority, comprising generally those who live in the upper part of town, just as decidedly oppose the measure. A delegation from both parties were in Olympia, on Wednesday, urging their respective claims before our County Commissioners. Repair the bridge by all means, and our own citizens will generously aid in the matter. IT is clearly observable that hut few unemployed men nre to be seeu, at present, in or about our city. The Skagit gold mines, the railroad work in the upper country, and our neighboring logging camps have giv en to nearly nil our floating popula tion of last Winter something to do. Farmers nre already predicting n dearth of farm hands for the haying and harvesting season, a fact which would pretty safety warrant good prices for farm help of all kinds. One thing is certain, no able-bodied man need be idle, for want of work during the approaching Summer. THERE is now a hopeful prospect that the steamer Capital will soon be running again, under entirety new auspices. At the machine shop of Mr. Geo. S. Allen, work is being vigorously prosecuted on the two new engines which aro to drive the steamer. Her wheels will be much larger than the old ones, and in many respects she will be a now craft. Ma Y-DAY was spent very happily, everybody going off on an excur sion as his fancy dictated. Tenino, Bush Prairie, McAllister's Lake, Chambers' Prairie, and several down Sound ports, were among the many places of attraction. The day was unexceptionable and excursionists came home recruited in mind and body. MAY-DAY having been gathered to its companions of former years, the question now is, " What are you gcing to do on the Fourth ?" If our people want to get up a demonstra tion, it is high time they were plan ning the details. THE late hour of our return from abroad precludes the intent to give some account of the incidents of the trip. Ir. the next issue we will refer to such objects which came under observation as may be of general in terest. THE Blue Ribbon League meets in Champion Hall next Sunday after noon, at 3 o'clock and on Monday evening at half-past seven. Every body is invited to be present. To prevent boots and shoes from squeaking during the dry weather of Summer, put them into the closet and let them stay there till the rainy season sets in. Os account of the rain, the field- i day at the Fair Grounds has been postponed till Wednesday next, the 12th instant. FARMEKR not unfrequentlr come in, DOW, with four-horse teams; two , mares and two young colts. JAKES Mackintosh is requested to 1 call at this office without delav. SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY. A Dundee diver has attached a telephone to his helmet and tested it during submarine operations with very satisfactory results. The extensive studies of Dr. De caisne have proven to him conclus ively that immoderate smoking of tobacco produces iu certain subjects —especially in women and children —an irregular action of the heart, which quickly disappears when the cause is removed. The St. Gothard tunnel furnishes another striking example of accurate surveying. Although the entire length of the tunnel is nine and a quarter miles, the two galleries were bored with such precision that they met with a diilcrence of only four inches in level and a lateral devia tion of less than eight inches. Some remarkable facts are being elicited by the investigations of nat uralists in Borneo. In the stems of certain plants found there galleries are tunneled by n species of ant, and it is asserted 011 the authority of Btc curi that tli" ; r'-.euoe of tire ants is actually css< m;al to the existence of the plants, for unless attacked by the insects when young the plants soou die. In cases of suspended animation, or asphyxia, life should not bo too soon given up. Discussing prema ture burials, in a communication to the French Academy. Prof. Fort states that he was enabled to restore to life a child three years old by practicing artificial respiration ou it four hours, commencing three hours and a half after apparent death. In another case which come under his observation, a physician restored a nearly droiyied person after four hours of artificial respiration. This person had been in the water ten minutes, and the physician arrived one hour cfter asphyxia. The sun's radiation is not without influence ou the comfort of the occu pants of a house, and the influence may be very differently felt, accord ing to tho exposure of houses. In a building unaffected by any shade Heir Vogt recoutly made a series of experiments to determiue tho rela tive amount of the sun's heat daily entering tho different sides. He obtained the surprising result that more heat enters a building through tho east and west walls than through the wall fusing directly south, al though the south sido is exposed to tho direct action of the sun's rays nearly twice as long as either of the others. A considerably greater quantity of heat is receivoi by tho east than by tho west side. Fish Commissioner Green notes a curious instance of insect strategy. One day he observed a mud wasp alight near a spider's nest. Creep ing cautiously around toward the entrance to the nest, the wasp stopped a little short of it, and for a a moment romainiug perfectly quiet. Then reaching out one of his an tennae, he wriggled it before the opening and withdrew it. This overture produced the desired effect, for a large spider quickly ran out to investigate the cause of the disturb ance. As the spider reached the most favorable point for attack, the wasp quickly sprang forward and dispatched his foe with a single thrust of his sting. The wasp then repented his feint until apparently satisfied that his assault would be met with no further opposition, when he entered the nest and slaughtered the young spiders, which he after wards carried away. With the telephone, writing tele ' graph and many other remarkable applications of electricity fresh in mind, no one seems greatly surprised by the announcement that not only may speech aud varieties of motion be transmitted telegraphically but that form and color also may be pro duced at a distance through the in strumentality of the same po'ent agent. This result seems to have been attained by the diaphote of Dr. Licks. The apparatus consists of four essential parts—the receiving mirror, the transmitting wires, nu ordinary galvanic buttery, and the reproducing speculum, lu a model lately exhibited the mirror was six inches by four in size and had sev enty-two fine wires, the latter being gathered together af a little distance behind the frame and covered with an insulating material. On reaching j the receiving speculum each little wire was connected to a division cor responding to its place on the mirror. Wires were also run from the bat' tery to each diaphotic plate, forming a circuit which could be closed at pleasure. The theoretical action of the instrument appears to be as fol lows: The waves of light from an object are conducted through an or dinary camera, so that they fall on certain division*; of the mirror when the electric cunuut is closed. The light and accompanying heat pro duce momentary chemical changes in the amalgam of the mirror— which consists of a peculiar com pound of selenium and chromium. These chnnges modify the electric current and cause similar changes in the corresponding portions of the remote speculum, thus reproducing the image, which, by a second cam era, may be seen bv tbo eye or thrown upon at screen. WILLIAM P. Dangerfield, a well known and distinguished member of tbe San Francisco bar, died sudden ly on Wednesday last. Ho occupied the position of Justice of the Supe rior Court and was hearing a case at at the time of his death. Ho was observed to suddenly throw up his hands, and after gasping once or twice, expired. Judge Danger was held in universal esteem and his untimely death Las called forth a general expression of regret in legal circles. OLYMPIA medical experts are seri ously puzzled over the diagnosis of a new and rather startling disease which has lately made its appear ance in our city. It seems to resem ble a cutaneous eruption, and has thus far been confined exclusively to tho fucos of young ladies of sweet sixteen and upwards. In default of a better term, and, until such time as its nature will be more fully known, the phenomenon has been styled the rathe dtt mitrtachcs. HEPOKTS of disasters nmong fisher men at tho mouth of the Columbia continue to come from Astoria. An unusual number of men Luvo been drowned in the breakers during tho present senson. A correspon dent states the evor present whisky bottle may bo put down as tbo cause of these accidents. IT is generally conceded, by fruit-raisers, that the present cold wave now passing over this part of our Territory is extremely favorable to orchard blossoms of all kinds. THE fact that the railroad track was not blockaded by fallen timber, during the late severe wind storm, proves the care and watchfulness of the section men now on duty. —— ♦ ♦ - THE late great tornado in Kansas and Missouri has had tho effect to to revive the discussion of tho peri helion question among several of tho Eastern journals. WAR in Europe and war in South , America has had the tendency to make lively times nmoug Pacific coast farmers and lumbermen. A GRAND excursion from New York, Chicago and intermediate citios to Portland, Oregon, is advertised to come off about the first of July. ■■ MR. P. P. Carroll has opened a law office in the room adjoining E. N. Ouimette's store, formorly occu pied by Mr. Jos. Cbilberg. JOAQUIN Miller's next effort iB an nounced as a " dialectic poem." He . is to be congratulated, if he is real!/* coming to his senses. " Bio news from the Skagit," is one of the attractive heads used by Seattle papers, in default of oth er stirring items. THE Board of Trade is quite elat ed over the idea of a coal mine being opened by the railroad company. QUARTERLY meeting at the M. E. Church 011 Sunday morning. Ser mon by Rev. A. Atwood, P. E. No end to locals, about these days; they come to us like the petals from orchsrd blossoms. HOUSE-CLEANING time come and tnadame is coumnder-in-chief of the household. THE public square is now carpeted by a fabric of nature's own weaving. WE hear that the new Catholic Church is soon to be dedicated. SUMMER clothing is in good de- mand.