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VOLUME XXXIIL—NUMBER 39.
WASHINGTON STANDARD FACTS AND FIGURES. IC33E: £7227 F2EA7 XVIiJIsa 21 JOHN MILLER MURPHY, Editor and Proprietor. Nabscrlpilon Kate*. I'er year, in advance $2 00 il in»t paid strictly in ad vance o 5C Six months, in advance 1 00 A(lv(*rilaing Ral«*a One square (inch) per vear *l2 00 per quarter 4 IHj One square, one Insertion 1 00 " " subsequent insertions.. 50 Advertising, four squares or upward liy the year, at lilieral rates. Legal notices will lie charged to the at torney or otUcer authorizing their inser tion Advertisement sent from a distance and transient notices must he accompau «d by the cash. Announcements of marriages, births and deaths inserted free. Obituary notices, resolutions of respect and other articles which do not possess a general interest will lie inserted at one half the rates for business advertisements gjusinrss Cards. Capital National Bank, OF OLYMPIA, WASH. Capital, ... SIOO,OOO. President F. M. W ADE Vice President N. H. OWINiiS Cashier v. J. I.OKU DIRECTORS. John S. Itiker, louis Itettmnn. Kobt. Frost N. 11. Owlngs, S.C.Woodruff, F. M. Wade C. J. Lord. Transacts a general banking business. For go and domestic exebauge bought and aold. l'elegiaphlc transfers made on allpriurlpal cit ies. Collections a specialty. Olympia, May 16, ISSO Tl f GUNN'S IMPROVED LIVER V* PILLS u jj? ONLY ONE W FOR A DOSE RESULTS ARE WHAT TELL We guarantee that one of these pille at a dose, will produce better results in the cure of Heedacbe. Cost i veness. Bour Stomach. Bad Breath and Dlssl uess. than three to flva of any other make, and do it without griping and sickening. Their wonderful action rnakee you feel like a new being. 2Ao. a box. Druggiata or malL Bosanko Med. Co.. Phils., Pa. For sale by Acme Drug Store, Marr JL Robs Proprietors, Olympia, Wa6h. PATRONIZE THE 7 ACME DRUG STORE, EMPORIUM OF DRUGS AND CHEMICALS, Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Druggists' Sundries and Stationery THE MOTTO OK THIS HOUSE. .■ un luTanniTV n ATTENTION AN V INI EUR I 11, Aaanrea yon aatlafaotlon. Special preparationa have been made for eom iijundini; preaoriptiona. MARK k. ROSS, Proprietor!. R. KING AID, M. D., Graduate of Queen's University, and late ienlor Surgeon af the Nicholl's Hospital, Outa to, Canada. PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND ACCOUCHEUR ernes. ROOMS ANO - - WILUAMS BLOCK Olvmpia. March 29. 18H). D. 8. B. HENRY, U S. DEPUTY SURVEYOR aaalilancai Math Street. Swaa'i Addi tion to Olympla, Waah. SURVEYING of all kinds promptly at tended to. Tbe reestablishing of old Government lines a specialty. Townsites surveyed and platted. Railroads located, and levels run for drains. Lands exam ined and character reported. Olvmpia. April IP. 1890. J. C. BATHBUN, Attorney at Law and Justice of the Peace I'AO Fourth SL, Be ween Mala and Waahiagaa. CHOICE RESIDENCE LOTS FOR SALE. December 19.1891. tf HARNED & BATES. UNDERTAKERS AND Funeral Directors. Eapeclal attention Given to Embalming for Shipment. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. 116 Weat Fourth St. Telephone No. 7 Olympia, Feb. 6.1891. HONG HAI & CO., DEALERS IN Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods AND BiNIRAL MERCHANDISE. Forty cans of FIRE CRACKERS Just received and tor sale at wholesale. Fifth atreet, between Main and Columbia Clvmpla. Waah. d2O-»f THE OFFICE, FOURTH STREET, BIT. MAIN AND COLUMBIA OLYMPIA, WASH., CALL AND SEE ME. J. H. WILSON, Prop. Olympia.Waah., Nor. 1, 1892. M. Jl. ROOT, ATTORNEY i COUNSELOR AT LAW. Court House Building, Olympia, Wash. . n25-92tl THE BIVOUAC MONTKSANO, WASH J as. A. Kelly, Pre The beat of wines, llqaora and elgara constant ly on band. Mlaslnnqton jbtanbatb. " • v» w HOW MILLIONS HAVE BEEN AC- CUMULATED. A Praelienl Financier's View of the fond 11 lons of (lie Country uud Wlial Has drought 111 cm About -A Suggestive Arrangement. Alexander .Major's hook, "Seventy N ears on the Frontier," has a chapter which throws a glaring light on the present great financial problem. It is more comprehensive in its review of the main causes which have brought about the catastrophic cyclone that is creating business devastation than the message of the President, or most of the resolutions and speeches of the politicians and hankers that absorb so much of the time and attention of the public. Mr. Majors fortities his theor ies by hard facts that will he recog nized as authority by financiers. The chapter starts out with an inquiry ns to the cause of the existence of the large millionaire class in the United States, and the methods of its crea tion. Not only are there hundreds of Americans who have amassed fortunes ranging from $1,000,000 to $100,000,- 000 within the last thirty years, hut hundreds of foreigners have accumu lated immense wealth in this country, and now hold it. There is now in a comparatively few hands an amount of railroad securities representing the enormous sum of $10,000,000,000; national bonds to the amount of $600,- 000,000, and State and local public bonds equal probably to $3,000,000,000. The last census reports about 9,000,- 000 of pending mortgages upon the homes and property of the people. It is estimated that the sum of $1,000,- 000,000 is required yearly to pay in terest on this indebtedness. A very large percentage of this indebtedness is in the hands of foreign capitalists. It is a conservative estimate that of $10,000,000,000 of railroad stocks and bonds, one-half is held by foreign, mostly English, capitalists. To prove that these foreign holders of Ameri can railway bonds did not send us gold, silver or merchandise for these securities, the author quotes from the report of the Secretary of the Treas ury in 1891, which states that since the close of the war, in 1865, our ex ports of gold, silver and merchandise exceeded our imports in the sum of $872,000,000; " so that it is very clear we have been sending them an im mense amount of money and mer chandise over and above the amount we have imported from them, and whatever may have been received from the railroad bonds is still to be ac counted for." Mr. Majors then reviews the finan cial history of legislation during and since the war, showing how the $2,- 000,000,000 of paper money issued by the government during the war was put in circulation by paying it out to the soldiers, sailors and creditors of the United States, but the government would not receive it back in payment of duties on imports, but would receive it from any one who wished to pur chase 5-20 government bonds, taking it at its face value. The interest on these bonds was 6 per cent., payable in coin. In February, 1863, a law provided that after July 1, 1863, tbe paper money should not be received inj exchange for bonds bearing inter est payable in coin. The effect of this law was to depreciate the paper currency until it was worth only about 40 cents on the dollar, but tbe soldiers were still compelled to take it at its full face value, and even after the close of the war, in 1865, our gov ernment issued many hundreds of millions of this depreciated paper, and paid it out at 100 cents on the dollar. " During the winter of 1865-66, an agent of the Rothchilds went to Washington and secured the enact ment of a law providing that any per son might take any of the depreciated money issued by the government for the purpose of paying off the soldiers and other expenses of the war, and exchange it at the full face value for bonds of the United States drawing 6 per cent, interest in coin, payable semi-annually, and that the money paid for such bonds should be de stroyed witbin three years after the close of the war. By this means nearly $1,000,000,000 of the currency of the country was withdrawn from circulation and destroyed, and an equal amount of 6 per cent, coin bonds was issued iu place of the cur rency that was so destroyed. "No laws that were ever enacted, and no decrees that were ever pro mulgated by any tyrant that ever sat upon any throne, ever enabled a few to mass wealth as rapidly as they were enabled to do under tbe provisions of these laws." Under these two laws, the currency was first depreciated to less than 50 cents on the dollar, and then this de preciated currency was permitted to be converted at its face value into 6 per cent, coin bonds, enabling the Rothschilds and other European bankers to realize 12 per cent, on their cash investments in our depreciated currency. The coin interest on these bonds, paid every six months in gold, while that metal was at a high pre mium, reached the sum of about $45,. 000,000, which the bondholders could take into Wall street and sell at 50 per cent, permium, adding another immense interest profit to their in vestment. The immense system of railroad land subsidies is riled as another means by which great speculators were enabled to build up vast fortunes at the expense of the public. These speculators i sued and lloated im mense sums in gold-hearing bonds on the security of their bind grants and their unbuilt railroads, selling them mostly in Europe at discounts rang, ing from 10 to 20 per cent. "The prolits made by these English capi talists were immense. Never in the world's history had such profits been made. The wildest schemes of John Law and the South sea schemers were more than realized." "To fully understand this, let us take the actual result of one year's operations. The English capitalists, we will say, in 18G7, invested $500,- 000,000 in the purchase of $1,000,000,- 000 of our depreciated currency. They took it to the United States Treasurer and exchanged it for United States bonds drawing 6 per cent, interest in coin. At the end of six months they drew $30,000,000 in gold coin, and took it to the gold room and sold it for $-15,000,000 in greenbacks. Then they exchanged their greenbacks for railroad bonds at 20 percent.discount They would thus receive about $54,- 000,000 of railroad bonds drawing 7 per cent, interest. At the end of the next six months they would draw another $30,000,000 in coin and sell it for $15,000,000 in greenbacks, and ex change them for another $51,000,000 of railroad bonds, which, for six months, would be $1,810,000. The ac couut for the first year would stand as follows: $500,000,000 in gold bought $1,000,000,000 of depreciated currency, and was exchauged for $1,000,000,000 of U.S. bonds; one year's interest on $1,000,000,000 amounted to $60,000,- 000. This was sold ill the gold room for $00,000,000 in greenbacks. Then the greenbacks were exchanged for railroad bonds at 20 per cent, discount on the bouds. In this way at the end of the first year, for their investment of $500,000,000, they found themselves in possession of $1,000,000,000 of Uni ted States bonds, and $108,000,000 of railroad bonds, and $1,810,000 in cash for the first six mouths' interest on the first $51,000,000 of railroad bonds- Nor was this all the profit of the Eng lish capitalists, for in 1869 they se cured the passage of a law by Con gress pledging the government to pay not only the interest but the principal of the United States bonds in coin. This rapidly increased the value of the bonds, and in a few years they were eagerly sought for by English capi talists, and they rose to a premium of 25 per cent, in gold coin on their full face value." " From 1875 to 1890 the English and European capitalists continued to invest the interest they drew upon their government and railroad bonds in the new issues of railroad bonds, so that, in 1890, they had secured the enoimous sum of $4,828,000,000 of railroad bonds, and it took $219,877,- 000 to pay the interest annually. " The railroad people not only made vast fortunes out of the $4,828,000,000 of watered stock (for it was in reality nothing but water, for the actual cost of building the roads was no more than was received from the sale of their bonds to the English capitalists), but they made hundreds of millions of dollars from the sale of the lands that had been given to tliem by the gov ernment, and had not cost them one cent, not even for taxes." Mr. Majors reaches from these facts the following conclusions: " When we look at these facts, that are matters of history and cannot be gainsaid, is it not plain to every man of common sense, that the policy of the government for the last quarter of a century has been in the interest of capitalists and speculators, and against tbe interest of the producing classes, who, either directly or indirectly, must pay the interest annually ou this vast accumulation of wealth that is in the hands of the favored fewT " And to pay this vast amount of interest in gold, as these capitalists in sist upon, and are trying to compel the people to do by using every means in their power to prevent the free and unlimited coinago of silver, will, in the near future, reduce the producing classes to the condition of serfs." - ♦ • Trouble CasaaS by a Semicolon. Hartford Courant. The substitution of a semicolon for a comma in an act which became a law in 1888 has caused a lot of trouble for the surface railroads and appar ently makes necessary tbe passing of a repealing act by tbe present Legisla ture. The act, which relates to rail road crossings, is as follows: " No electric, cable or horse railroad shall hereafter be constructed across the tracks of a steam railroad at grade; nor shall any steam railroad cross any such electric, cable or horse railroad at grade, except upon application and ap proval by the railroad commissioners." The preceding was approved, semi colon and all, June 11,1889, and be ceme a law. The result is that while steam roads can cross surface lines at will with the permission of the Rail road Commissioners street and electric roads are barred from crossing steam roads with or without permission. THERE is no such tonic as happiness. "Hew to the Line, Let the Chips Fall "Where Thev May." OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON: FBIDAY EVENING, AUG. 18, 1893. Jokiuh Kuiup Wonder* Winn I'oor Folk, Are Uolng to Do. " Nancy," said Josiah Bump, as he slowly pushed the tobacco down into the bowl of bis pipe preparatory to taking his evening smoke. " I don't see fur the lile of me what poor folks are a goin' to do. Banks a bustiii'f mills shettin' down, and rich folks col lectin' uu keepin' all the money." Nancy silently placed the supper dishes one by one on the server and and carried them to the sink. Sud denly a now thought aecinad to strike her and she said: " Josier, have you done anything with the S4OO you had in the bank?" " Yes. I drew it out yesterday," re plied Josiah. " Where did you put it?" queried Nancy. '• Down sillier under the purtater bin," answered Josiah. "Um!" mused Nancy in a medita tive way as she carefully gathered up the corners of the table cloth and made ready to scatter the crumbs in the back yard. "No conferdunce in the money in thirty-seven and lifty seven. No conferdunce in the times now. How many people are there in the United States, Josier?" "'Bout sixty-seven millions," an swered Josiah. " Well," said Nancy, turning around and leaning hack against the table, " sposen a million of um have hid away S3OO apiece, two million SIOO, un two million SSO apiece. That's $600,- 000,000 of pioney, or about $9 per cap urtee, ain't it, Josier?" " Yes," replied Josiah. " Dropped out of surkelation as com plete as if it had been burnt up. I'n you read in the paper yesterday that on the Ist of August there was $24.02 pur capurtee all told," continued Nancy. " Yes," replied Josiah again. " Now, I'm only 'sposen about the money that's been hid away," con tinued Nancy. " I can mighty easy believe though that five million out of the sixty-seveu million folks in the United Stales are skeered as bad as you be, and that altogether they've hid away more'n $000,000,000 of money. But I can't understand how that you, Josier Hump, should go 'rouud Ulamiu' Bourse money, busted banks, uu abet down mills all on the rich folks, arter hidin' away S4OO <5? that very money yourself. But it is no more inconsistent than you l'oper list un silver men are about most everything." Then Nancy took up the table cloth and went out and shook it as no doubt she felt like shaking Josiah. NOTES OF THE FARM. We believe in shade, cool water and plenty of it where stock of all kinds can get at it handy these days. A fowl that is shut up and fed corn aud water alone for a few days before being killed is very much better fla vored than one that is killed off the range. The breeding season being over, dis pose of the cocks, for hens lay as well, if not better, without him, and the eggs will keep in good condition longer. Manure which is not under shelter is constantly losing fertalizing ele ments and the sooner it is hauled out to the field the more will be preserved for future crops. If you have dogs or cats about the place, have water where they can get at it handily these days. Many a dog is driven mad because of lack of water to drink. Buy farm machinery as cheap as possible but do not buy cheap machin ery. The poorly constructed machine bought at a low price is often the costly one in the long run. Does your well near the barn often run dry? If so, a very simple way to remedy the trouble is to arrange to have the water from the eave troughs turned info the well. It is inexpen sive and rarely fails. Don't make poor butler. It is not wanted. Oleomargarine is preferred, and is often cheaper. Good butter at a fair price will drive oleomargarine out of market quicker than Congress " regulations." Do not fail to grease the plow, shov els, runners of corn planters, etc., and put them away. It will take much less time than it will to scour them when they are needed again and neat ness is a good habit on the farm. Mr. Powderly's scheme to unite farmers, mechanics and laborers in a universal brotherhood is a very beauti ful vision from the standpoint of an enthusiast, but it never will be any thing more so long as human nature is what it is. The Secretary of Agriculture mades the highly important announcement that he will not purchase worthless seeds for the Agricultural Department. This is public proclamation that he is honest. A public official who makes such proclamation will bear watching. MICHAEL Murray, of Spokane, had a bottle of whisky and a bottle of bed bug poison sitting on the same shelf. He got up in the night to get a drink of whisky and took a big swallow of corrosive sublimate. Prompt admin istration of antidotes saved his life, and hereafter he will take his whisky to bed with him or wait till morning. HER HEAD WAS LEVEL THE TWO EXTREMES. A CONSERVATIVE VIEW OF CAUSE AND EFFECT. A ————— We Have Lived too Fust-The I.eld en ffleau Will Be Adopted Soon as the Panic I* Over The True Policy Ucflncd. The American people are prone to run to extremes. It is a well under stood fact that everybody has been running too fast financially for a number of years past, and now that a sudden stop hag Come, it hurts. It is a good lesson, however, and will teach our people to keep within their means or certain prospects, and avoid over-speculation and anticipation of problematic securelies, which course applies equally to individuals, firms and private or public corporation. But, as the Salt Lake Herald wisely reniarkg, there is danger of a great many jieople and corporations going to another extreme. Judicious re trenchment is wise and in many instances absolutely necessary. But caution in that is commendable; il may lie carried too far for the good of the economist as well as the people directly affected by it. To live within one's means is eco nomic. To spend what one can afford is equally so. Hoarding is not prudence, using money lavishly is not necessarily extravagance. Buying luxuries is right if the purchaser can reasonably afford it. What would the world be if nobody spent money ex cept for articles of absolute necessity? Science, art, all that adorns and beauti fies and advances the world would perish from the earth, and for millions there would be no employment. That which some people thoughtlessly call extravagance is often the best kind of economy. People who have an abundance of money should put it to use, Tied up in a napkin or locked up in a safe it is comparatively worthless. Invested in some enterprise that gives employ ment, or spent to pay for something that human labor or skill has pro duced, it answers the purpoes of its creation and benefits mankind. " There is that that scAttereth and still increaseth; there is that that witholdeth moss Man fs mete and it tendelh to poverty." That person is extravagant who shuts up money and keeps it from circulation. He is an economist who buys that which he needs or reason ably desires, with his own means, keeping within a prudent margin of its limit. Business makes business. In dealing with others the merchant, the trader, the banker, all classes should remember that the prosperity of each means the prosperity of all, and should not become so contracted as to injure self in penurious transac tions with others. Extravagance has been rampant because people and communities and nations have been running into debt. There is not enough metalic money in the world to pay its debts, scarcely euough gold to pay the interest on them. When paper is afloat and coin is not called for, everything goes on swimmingly. But when there is a sudden demand for large sums of ac tual cash and collections cannot be made, there is a crash and a collapse and one wreck makes another, until the strand is strewn with the debris and the whole world is shaken by the storm. Fear has taken hold of the hearts of men and the effects are almost uni versally felt. That is at the root of present business troubles. It will pass away, as other panics have subsided. While it remains let everybody try to be reasonable. Shutting off employ ment means not only pinching to the employed, but a shrinking in general business. Withdrawing reasonable ventures, curtailing sale transactions, cutting down anything that is neces sary, crippling any kind of enterprise which affects general affairs, is poor policy and tends to aggravate the situ ation. Keep money moving, promote confi dence by pushing trade and reviving industry, work together with a mutual desire for reciprocal benefits and we shall soon see lively limes again and plenty of money in circulation. The Price *1 Wheal. The New York Sun, in a recent is sue, discusses the price of wheat, now lower than it has been since 1745, and finds that the low rate is due to the phenomenal harvests of 1891 and 1892, which have left a large surplus. In 1851) the United States produced 4.3 bushels of wheat for each unit of the population. In iB6O the quantity grown was equal to 5.5 bushels per capita. In 1870 it was equal to 6.1 bushels, and in 1880 it had increased to 9.9 bushels; yet in 1889 it had de clined to 7.7 bushels, and in 1893 is likely to fall below 5.6 bushels per capita. If such is the result of this year's harvest it will no more than meet domestic requirements, and the exports we make must be derived from the large stocks now in store. The Sun says: "As the ten preceding crops of the United States —harvested from areas somewhat greater—averaged but 440,- 000,000 bushels, the crops of 1891 and 1892 enabled us to throw upon the markets an extraordinary contribution of 373,000,600 bushels, and supplies from other sources being for the two years quite up to the average, the con suming element was unable to absorb such an excess; the result being that the world enters upon the 1893-1 har vest year with an apparent reserve of 110,000,000 bushels. Being concen trated to an unusual extent in the hands of dealers, who find it diflicult to borrow upon it, this reserve has ex erted and continues to exert a very de pressing elTect upon prices already de moralized by the plethora of the last tWu )tkra. The consequence is that prices have descended to a level that no living man has known. " Such acreage yields from American fields being hitherto unknown, it may be assumed that they will but rarely be repeated; and the world's wheat area, with average yields, being now deficient by more tlian 12,000,000 acres, an average harvest will produce but 2,280,000,000 bushels, while the ac quirements are now 2,440,000,000, and augmenting at the rate of more than 29,400,000 bushels per annum—the equivalent of 2,300,000 new acres. Therefore, we may expect prices to ad vance to a remunerative level just as soon as existing reserves shall have been consumed. " Prices having once reached such a level, a continuance of their remuner ative character is practically assured by the probability that such additions as are made to the wheat-bearing area in the Balkau States and South Amer ica will be more than neutralized by acreage losses in Western Europe and America." Urlgbl for Western Farmer*. Kansas City Times. The news that France is in the midst of a fodder famine means that American farmers are going to exper ience a sharp demand for their feed products this summer and fall at an advanced figure. Germany has a shortage in sight, and other European nations will be getting their fodder from us before winter comes. In every Western State millions of dollars' worth of this valuable crop will be harvested. The wheat crop this year will not be as heavy as usual, but corn will be plenty. In Europe the wheat crop will be poor. This combination will result in better prices for this staple of the American farm. It may, as well, help the good work of spreading the doctrine of corn among the peasantry of Europe that is now satisfied witli its fortnightly baked black bread. With wise financial legislation the future of the American farmer con tinues to be the brightest of any class in the world. Such crops as are raised in the great West, if produced in Europe or New England, would speedily make the farmers rich. In the older countries and in the older States the old saw, that a penny saved is a penny earned," is religiously observed. There is no waste in those developed parts of the world. Out-buildings are care fully constructed, in order that crops may be properly cared for. Houses are provided for reapers, binders, mow ers, threshing machines, plows and other farm implements in order that they may not be left out in the weath er. Western farmers are only learning this form of economy. They are find ing out that it pays better to provide a house for a mower than to allow the machine to lie in a fence corner, where its wood warps and its steel rusts. The farmer who does that finds it ne cessary to buy a new machine or to get along in a half-way fashion with out one of his own after a single sea son's use and one winter's abuse. The farmers of Europe open their eyes at Western crops. Commission ers from European agricultural sta tions marvel at our farming resources and are astonished at an extravagance that has grown into a sorry habit. Crops are oftimes poorly garnered fields are left idle, sacrifices are made in marketing and a haphazard study of methods is too often observed in the prosperous Western agriculturalist, whose property would mean great riches with the care that is given to the business of farming in the East. A merchant who is careless with his wagons, his signs and other equipment is regarded as a short-sighted man. His trade falls off as a result and the renewal of the lost paraphernalia takes money from the working capital that should stay in the business. The farmer is a business man. He should care for his utensils with the same sys tem that any other pursuit demands. Great corn and hay crops will be produced this summer and good prices will be paid for them and for wheat, too, if the signs do not fail. Russia, England, India and France will not have good crops this year. America's reserve supply and this year's surplus will be in demand. Let the Western farmer care for his re sources and make 1893 a year memor able in his important business. THE estimates for the municipal tax at Seattle this year give a total of 14 mills. There will l»" wanted for salaries $356,636; for supplies, $294,- 010, and for interest, $129,800. Water revenue is estimated at $150,000, and licenses and fines are expected to yield $76,800. In the police department salaries are estimated at $61,820; the salaries in the fire department are put at $79,080, and the total cost of lire service at SIIO,OOO. WONDERS OF THE SEA. A nine of Information I'ondtnwd Into Instructive Sentence*. The sea occupies three-fifths of the surface of the earth. At the depth of about 3,500 feet waves are not felt. The temperature is the same, varying only a trifle from the ice of the pole to the burning sun of the etpiator. A mile down the water has a pressure of over a ton to the square inch. If a box C feet deep were tilled with sea water allowed to evaporate under the sun, there would be 2 inches of salt left on the bottom. Taking the aver age depth of the ocean to be three miles, there would be a layer of pure salt 230 feet thick on the bed of the Atlantic. The water is colder at the bottom than at the surface. In the maDy bays on the coast of Norway the water often freezes at the bottom be fore it does above. Waves are very deceptive. To look at them in a storm one would think the water traveled. The water stays in the same place, but the motion goes on. Sometimes in storms these waves are 40 feet high, and travel fifty miles an hour—more thau twice as fast as the swiftest steamship. The distance from valley to valley is generally tilteen times the height, hence a wave 5 feet high will exteud over 75 leet of water. The force of the sea dashing on Bell Rock is said to be seventeen tons for each square yard. Evaporation is a won derful power in drawing the water from the sea. Every year a layer of the entire sea, 14 feet thick, is taken up into the clouds. The winds bear their burden into the land, and the water comes down in rain upon the fields, to How back at last through rivers. The depth of [the sea likewise presents an interesting problem. If the Atlantic were lowered from 6,564 feet, the distance from shore to shore would be half as great, or 1,500 miles. If lowered a little more than three miles, say 19,680 feet, there would be a road of dry land from Newfoundland to Ireland. This is the plain on which the great Atlantic cables were laid. The Mediterranean is comparatively shallow. A drying up of 660 feet would leave three different seas, and Africa would be joined with Italy. The British channel is more like a pond, which accounts for its choppy waves. It has been found difficult to get the correct soundings of the Atlantic. A midshipman of the navy overcame the difficulty, and shot weighing 30 pounds carries down the line. A hole is bored through the sinker, through, which a roil of iron is passed, moving easily back and forth. In the end of the bar a cup is dug out, and the in side coated with lard. The bAr is made fast to the line, and A sling holds the shot on. When the bar, which extends below the ball, touches the earth, the sling unhooks, and the shot slides off. The lard in- the end of the bar holds some of the sand, or whatever may be on the bottom, and a drop shuts over the cup to keep the water from washing the e&nd put. When the ground is reached a shock is felt, as • if an electric current had passed through the line. Altai Eajayi Ilia Trip- Vice President Stevenson in passing East en route from the Pacific coast, said to a St. Paulceporter: "Our trip was most enjoyable, through a new country on a new road, the tireat Northern, which I consider one of the most remarkable lines in America, new in construction, but perfect in ac commodations, equipment and man agement. We were delighted with the service furnished, the buffet car with its bath room, barber shop, library easy chairs, writing and card tables, smoking rooms, observation windows, etc., was a club house on wheels. The scenery the finest I ever saw on any transcontinental trip. The marvelous switchback track in the Cascades, and the grandeurs of Tumwater canyon cannot be equaled in America. We crossed the two great mountain ranges, the Itockies and the Cascades, in day light, on a track that seemed as solid as the earth, and the entire party commented on the absence of dust. We enjoyed every moment of the trip, and could tell enough to fill columns of the wonders of the mighty North west, with its mines, farms, ranges, forests, mountains, rivers and lakes. It is a region destined to have large influence in national growth and pros perity, and the Great Northern is a potent factor in promoting its devel opment. A WILY attempt to evade the Uoscoe cigarette law now in effect has been unearthed. An agent of an Eastern manufacturer in Seattle was in the city trying to place cigarettes on sale which, instead of being of the usual paper-covered kinds, are the same old brands covered with a small natural leaf of tobacco. The filling is the genuine cigarette tobacco. The ob ject intended is to get around the law and evade its penalty by the use of the pure tobacco covering. The cov ering, instead of being rolled on as is done with cigarette making, is put on and pasted down. The size and shape of the cigarettes is not changed. | THE semi-annual statement of the Grand Army of the Republic of Wash ington and Alaska, shows 77 posts and 2,511 members in good standing, »s against 59 posts and 1,512 members, I December 31,1890. BETTER TIMES COMING. The Adage to Re Fulfilled: "Ftvery Cloud Has u "Silver Lining." L. F. Examiner. We have evidently turned the cor ner of the hard limes, both in Cali fornia and in the country at large. In San Francisco the hoards of coin are trickling hack into circulation- There are hundreds of vacant safe deposit boxes now, where a few weeks ago the supply was not equal to the demand. The banks are lending money to the canners, and the bulk of the fruit crop will be saved. Wheat is rushing to market, and every cargo shipped gives us fifty or a hundred thousand dollars in English gold as soon as it is cleared. Mining is reviv ing, and gold is coming down from the mountains at the rate of $1,500,- 000 a month. In the East there is similar im provement. The movement of gold has been reversed, and Europe is now sending the coveted metal to us as fast as we sent it to her last spring. The $100,000,000 reserve in the Treas ury has been restored and a good working balance piled up above it. Stocks are improving in New York. Investors are beginning to realize that they have the opportunity of a life time to lay the foundations of future fortunes by judicious purchases. Even silver lias gone up to the highest point reached since the suspension of free coinage in India. The sudden rise in the price of silver upon the publication of the President's message should convince the people of the mining States that Mr. Cleveland is not as hostile to their interests as they have accustomed themselves to think. Possibly they may decide that he has been sincere in saying that the Sherman Act has been an injury to silver, and that its repeal will be a benefit. At all events it seems evi dent that whatever depressing effects might be expected to result from re peal have been more than discounted, and that the market is fully prepared for any action that Congress may take. It is asserted that the prospect of the early termination ot the Sherman Act and of a consequent increase in the volume of gold exports to America has caused so much dismay among financiers in England that the British Government may offer to restore free coinage in India provided we continue our purchases of silver. This confirms the views of those who hold that as soon as we cease to attempt to hold up silver alone we shall have plenty offers of assistance. It also disposes of the theory that England is trying to force us to a gold standard. The truth is that when one nation has a gold standard it is to its interests to have others continue to use silver. ALL IN A NUTSHELL. Wisdom on the Part of Congress Will Hestere Confidence. The condition of affairs and its cause, what is needed for relief, and how to obtain it, are all explained in the following interview with Ex- Controller of the Currency Edward S. Lacey, now President of the Bankers National Bank of Chicago. He said: The prompt and unconditional re peal of the silver purchase clause of the Sherman act will benefit the country, because it will convince peo ple, at home and abroad, that we are to continue the present joint use of gold and silver, with the yellow metal as a standard. Thia fact being estab lished, the return of our securetiea from Europe will cease, and the free transfer of funds from abroad for in vestment here will set in, thus accele rating importations of gold. It will convince the timid that it is useless to hoard gold coin in the expectation that it may some time bring a pre mium, and large sums now useless will be returned to circulation. In other words, we are to expect relief from the present depression by the Restoration of confidence. Return to ciiculation of hoarded money. Importation of gold from abroad. Sale of the agricultural products now being harvested. The three first conditions will he established by the repeal of the silver purchase clause and the marketing of crops will be greatly facilitated there by. The condition of the country at large is sound and its recuperative powers marvelous. The exercise of a moderate degree of wisdom on the part of Congress and a reasonable amount of courage and patience on the part of the people will restore us to our normal condition of prosperity with a speed and certainty that will surprise the most sanguine. \Ve cannot ignore the fact that the trade relations between the nations of the earth are yearly becoming more intimate and interdependent. We cannot safely take a position on mon etary or financial questions at vari. ante witli that entertained by the other commercial countries. Exces sive importations have invariably pre ceded panics. Trade balances must be settled in gold, the money of the world. In fact, if we would prosper, we must have a sound currency such as the world approves, and buy abroad less than we sell. A COUNTY roail is to be built out of Kairhavcn at a cost of $25,000. WHOLE NUMBER 1,755 Pre i<i.lent. Cashier, A. A. I'lllLLtl'S, L. u \ NIH:r \ H't* I'rt'NMlcllt, Affe't Mllfi, JOHN F. OOUKY. HBSKY P. LE2. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF OLYMPIA, WASHINGTuN. A fieneral Banking Business Traisi<M Speclul attention paid to rollectiotm* Tele graphic transfers of inoucy. Capital, . SIOO,OOO Surplus, ..... 33,U00 DIRECTORS. A. FT. Steele, T. M. Reed, John *\ Gowey, A. H. Chambers, A. A. Phillips, W. M. Ladd, Geo. D. Shannon. Olympln. March 13, 1892. ygy. DR. eums ONION SYRUP HO GRANDMOTHER'S ADVICE. *2 r 2 l>l, y[ • f#mil T O'nc children, my only rem edy for Coughs, Colds and Croup was onion syrup. It is Just as effective to-day aa ft was forty years ago. Now my grandchildren take Dr. Ounn'a Onion Syrup which ia already prepared and more pleasant to tho taste. Sold at 50 cents a bottla. For sale by Acme Drnir Store, Marr & Roes Proprietors, Olyinpia, Wash. T. N. FORD, • • GENERAL . . Fire Insurance. 119 Will fronrth Street. OLYMPIA, - WASH. - - AGENTS FOB . . tki 8 m fire Office of Loidoi, eucti - . $9,031,000 Tie (iurdiu Anirute fo. of Loidoi, well . 31,911.00* Tko A serial lit. fo. of Pkilidelpkii, useti ■ - 2.6A1000 Tie Pleiii Imruee fo. of Brooklji, iiuti - 5,000,000 ANDREW BOESL, PROPRIETOR OF THE Opera Exchange SIB Frarth St., Oly rapla. DEALER IN FINE WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. FRESH BEEB ALWAYS OH TAP JEFFERSON HOTEL WM. STRINGER, Proprietor - - Oljrmpia. A new 80-room hsrd-fintahed house situated on the Cor. Jefferson and Eighth Sts, Four block* from Northern Pacific Depot and four blocka from Olympia Theater. SAMPLE ROOM IN CONNECTION. Ratea-Sl to F2 per day. Special rates by the week or mocth. Vashon College, LOCATED AT QUARTERMASTER, VASHON ISLAND Will open ita second year to students of loth sexer Aug. 15,1883. THE CCRRICVLI'M. Classical, Scientific, Normal, Commerelal, Stenography and Type Writing, Vocal and In strumental Music, etc.. etc. College grounds within forty minutes trsTel. by ferry, of Tacoma. For terms and other par ticulars, tee printed eataloguea. R. J. PRICKMAN, Artistic* Tailor, -IS SHOWING A— BEAUTIFUL HIE OF 800DS, Both standard and novel. MAIN ST.. BET. FIFTH AND SIXTH smrwoTcoT DEALERS IN FINE TEAS. SUGAR. RICE I OIL Chinese rroriaious of all Kinds. CONTRACTORS FOR LABOR 117 Fifth Street, Olympia, Wash. Jan. 29.1892. I THEO. D. YOUNC, SURVEYOR. Subdividing a Specialty. PLATS AND BLUE PRINTS FURNISHED. Will examine and report on lands for ~<m-rcsi denta. Residence cor. Twenty-first ami Frank lin streets. ja'.'i »::tf -A.. P. FITCII, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. I PRACTICES in nil Court# and V >». I.and Offices. ROOMS 2 AND .1 TI'KNEK'S BF.tM'K. OLYMPIA. : WASH THE NEW OLYMPIA THEATER For Kent on Itra#oii«t>lt: Terms* Apply to JOHN Mil LEit M UK I'll Y. Majiaaer.