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VOLUME XXXIIL-XUMBER 48.
WASHINGTON 'STANDARD 1 1 -» * - JOHN MILLER MURPHY, Editor and Proprietor. Sulmrrlptlon Ituti-.. per year, in advance $2 00 " i' not paid strictly in ad vance 2 50 Six months, in advance 1 00 AilvvrilidnK Rates One square (Inch) per year sl2 00 " " per quarter 400 One square, one insertion 1 00 " " subsequent insertions.. 50 K. Advertising, lour squares or upward |,y the year, at liberal rates. Legal notices will lie charged to the at torney or otHoer authorizing their inser tion Advertisement sent from a distance snd transient notices must lie acconipau i nl hy the cask. Announcements of marriages, births and deaths inserted free. Obituary notices, resolutions of respect sod other articles which do not possess a general interest will lie inserted at one half the rales for businessadvertiseinents gusiutss Cards. Capital National Bank, OF OLYMPIA, WASH. Capital, - 8100,000. President C. J. LORD Vice President N. H. OWINGS Cashier W. J. FOSTER DIRECTORS. F. R. Brown. Louis B' ttman, Robt. Frost, N. 11. Owing®, O. C. White, F. M. Wade, C. J. Lord. Transacts a general banking business. For go and domestic exchange bought and sold, l'elegiaphic transfers made on allpriucipal cit ies. Collections a specialty. Olympia, May lb, I*9o vl GUNN'S IMPROVED J$ I# 3 PILLS \y? ONLY ONE FOR A DOSE RESULTS ARE WHAT TELL We ruarantce that one of these pills at a dose, will i rod«icc better results In the cure of Headache. Coat ire r.efcd. Sour Btoxnoch. Bad Breath and Dizzl m-n«. than ifreeto five of any other make, and do It * ■•>». i t priptr.g anil rickcmr?. Their wonderful fl.tion uukct you feel like ar "w h*tngr. 26c. a box. or UiuiL liouai-i.o hied. Co.. FhUa., Pa. For sale by Acme Drug Store, Mars dt Ross Proprietors. Olympia. Wash. PATRONIZE THE -T ACME DRUC STORE, EMPORIUM OF DRUGS AND CHEMICALS, Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Druggists' Sundries and Stationery THE MOTTO OF THIS HOUSE. ATTENTION AND INTEGRITY," Aaanret you satisfaction. Special preparations have been made for com pounding preaoriptiona. MARR 41 ROSS, Proprietors. , R. KINCAID, M. D., Graduate of Queen', Unlveralty, and late ienlor Surgeon »f the Nicboll'a Hospital, Onta 10. Canada. PHYSICIAN, SURGEON AND ACCOUCHEUR OFFICE. ROOM* AND - - WILLIAMS BLOCK Olvmpla, March 23. 1889. D. S. B. HENRY, IT S. DEPUTY SURVEYOR fL.ald.nce i Mith Street, Swan's Addi tion to Olympia, Wash. SURVEYING of all kinds promptly at tended to. The re-establishing of old Government lines a specialty. Townsites surveyed and platted. Railroads located, and levels run for drains, l.ands exam ined and character reported. Olvmoia. April IP. 181)0. J. C. BATHBUN, Attorney at Law and Justice of the Peace 140 Fourth St., B.weon Main and Waahingoa. CHOICE RESIDENCE LOTS FOR SALE. December 18.1891. tf HABNED & BATES. UNDERTAKERS AND Funeral Directors. Enpeciul attention Given to Embalming for Shipment. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. West Fourth St. Telephone No. 7 Olympia. Feb. 5.1891. HONG HAI & Co^~ DEALERS IN Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Forty cans or FIRE CRACKERS Just received and tor sale at wholesale. Fifth afreet, between Main and Columbia Clympla. Waah. d2U-tf ANHEUSER-BUSCH ST. LOUIS BUDWEISER BEER AT 420 MAIN STREET. M. ROOT, ATTORNEY F COUNSELOR AT LAW. Court House Building, Olympia, Wash. ii2s-02tf k "X. 3?. FITCH, ATTORNEV-ATLAW. |)RACTICE3 in all Court* and U. S. L*R.' I office,. ROOMS 2 AND 3 TURNER'S BLOCK. OLYMPIA, : . WASH. <&l a si) uujt on /v U U W THE BASKET WILLOW VALUABLE INFORMATION ABOUT A PROFITABLE INDUSTRY. .tddri'M by Dr. Frank, of I'ujulliip. Kcforc Hie \% unlitngloii Slnlc Horticultural Society, In presenting this paper I desire at the outset to preface the same, by claiming but little originality, rather if you please, an epitome of practical men, who have made this branch of horticulture a close study and invaria bly a success. You are aware that there is scarcely any literature on the subject, barring the series of papers by William Scaling London, 1871, (The Salix or Willow) from whom I have frequently quoted. My friend Mr. Hans Bushbauer, has several running articles in the House and Bauernfreund (77ie Home and Farm Companion) published by the Germunia Publish ing Company, of Milwaukee, Wis., whose practical style of questions and answers I have imitated and many of his ideas in that journal are here re peated being in the main, translations- I am under obligations in this paper, to the two gentlemen before men tioned, also to Mr. Henry Huner niund of Carlsstadt, New Jersey, a practical osier grower, who not only furnished me valuable information, but any amount of settings for trial, also to the practical hints given by Dr. Horst of Vienna, Austria, Heinrich Bitter von Mauner, also of Vienna, His Grace the Duke of Bedford, of Woodburn Abbey, England and lastly my brother, George Frank, of New York. Not laying any claims to being a practical farmer my only apology in indicting this paper upon you is my ardent desire to bring before the world the unlimited resources of our State in diversified agriculture and assist our own citizens to profitably culti vate such lands as now seem almost useless to them. With these few pre liminary remarks I will make bold to proceed, claiming your kind indul gence and charitable criticism: It is surprising how little attention anil study has been bestowed in the United States on this subject, although j this industry has been a source of rev enue to grower.-, especially in tl-e Eu | ropean countries. It is estimated that in England and Ireland alone, are ap propriated to the cultivation of the willow, between nine and ten thousand acres, still there was imported from Belgium, France and Holland into that country, over 6,600 large tons of the estimated value of 1382,067.50 and manufactured basket ware to the value of $336,300 or a total valuation of $696,367.50 for oue year with con tinually increasing trade. I have been unable to get statistics as to the pro gress in the use of the willow in the United States, but I am creditably in formed that over $5,000,000 are im ported annually. Question: What is your opinion of planting five or ten acres into basket willow? Answer— It is much better to start a small holt. Willow cultivation must be learned like anything else. Question: Lands in Kansas and west do not yield profitably, the low prices of all kinds of grains are great sources of complaint. Why not go into raising basket willow? Answer— Inquiry should first be made for a market, or if a basket factory is con veniently located. It seems a grave question whether willows can be profitably raised with the| present high freight rates, which prevail on all western railroads to all eastern points. Question: If willows can be successfully im porter from France, Italy, Belgium, etc., to Milwaukee, Syracuse and New York, and pay freight, they ought to be able to stand the railroad freight to the same points. Answer- One must take in consideration that from France, Italy and Belgium the willow takes the water routes and freight is much cheaper than by rail roads, then we must remember that only the very best goods are imported and therefore can stand the cost Of freight better than inferior goods. Question: Is not low, wet and boggy grounds best adapted to willow growing? Answer— This is a widely spread, but errone ous opinion. Wild willows are found in wet and marshy soil, hut]the gen uine osier willow cannot be success fully propagated in low and undrained lands, but if properly drained and ditched, many a piece of land com paratively valueless for root or grain crops, can be successfnlly used for an osier plantation. Question: Would not that involve quite a large expenditure of money and labor? Answer — Wet soil must be properly drained in order to fit same for willow planta tion. With ordinary care a crop will pay the grower as well as any crop on the farm, and with this advantage, that land comparatively valueless for root or grain crops can be used for osier planting. The willow does not require much from the land as it can bo cultivated almost on any kind of soil where it can take root without any trouble. Strong clay bottoms are not well adapted to willow culture, poor sand bottoms are 110 more use for this than any other farm produce, nor is soil with strong indication of iron adapted. But a mild, warm muck bottom, mixed with sand, is the ideal willow land. Sandy soils are equally as good, but any soil that will raise corn or potatoes, can be made adapta ble to basket willow if properly worked, if it does overflow it will benefit the crop unless such overflow occurs when the plant is growing and does not re main under water too long. Question: How about the cultivation of the land? Answer— The condition of the soil is of first importance, we must consider that an osiery once planted is for a number of years, therefore it is requisite that labor is not stinted. The soil and subsoil must be thoroughly ploughed and loosened in order to give the plant a good chance to root well and deep, this is of great importance, although not needed hy many, it has the ad vantage of drawing the moisture to the surface, the plant will get the de sired nutrition and success is, as near ly as circumstances will permit, as sured. Question: How much will one acre of well cultivated osier bring? Answer— No definite reply can be made here; from two to eight thousand pounds of peeled willows are realized, hut per haps two tons to the acre will be a fair average, the price at present is from 0 to 9 or even 10 cents for choice, per pound, but one must remember that the yield in the first year or two is rather limited unless under very fa vorable circumstances. Question: When is the best time to plant the cuttings? Answer— There is a difference of opinion among growers, whether the cuttings should be planted in the fall or spring, some claim the fall in order to give the cuttings chance to root, but most prefer the spring, claiming that the plants will thereby bo prevented from suffering from early frosts. Question: Are many varieties of willows culti vated. Answer: Dr. Horat of Vienna, has cultivated over 300 sorts. The Duke of Bedford, at Woodburn Abbey about 250 sorts and the nursery at Basford, England, contains over 300 varieties, but of all the Salix Fragalis, or willow proper, the Salix viminals, or osier willow is perhaps in our climate the best species to plant for the following reasons: rather more prolific, has long, straight, solid shoots and is free from side branches. Question: What age of cuttings are best to plant? Answer— Formerly it was thought the older cuttings the best, but now only one or two-year-old shoots are used, if one year-old shoots are well grown they will stride more easily, and throw out quite.as strong spray of shoots as two year-olds, and are not quite so expen sive. Question: When and how should the shoots be divided into settings? What size ought they be? How and when should they be planted? Answer— Much difference of opinion exists among growers as to the size of cut tings; thedistance between the plants; how far it is necessary to push them in the soil; and how far to leave them out or above the ground. Those who have carefully examined the various methods have tried and experimented upon them, find the following plan to be the best, producing the heaviest crops, best quality, more easily and consequently more cheaply cleaned, the least exhaustive to the soil, and if it is desirable to change to arable land again, it can be done at a very mode rate expense. The shoots intended for cuttings may be selected late in the fall in small bundles, placed in trenches and covered with soil, until required. The cuttings should be 8 but at most 9 inches long, and cut from the rod with a sharp knife in a slanting direction. The bottom or root end of the rod is first sharpened, then first eight or nine inches are taken by a clean and sharp cut, again sharpen the rod and cut off a second and so on for the third if the rod is finely grown. Not more than three cuttings should be taken from one rod, unless it is a two-year-old, in which case it may be cut up to the entire length of the first year's growth. In cutting the sets not more than one cut should be made, however thick the rod may be, as it is necessary to have the ends without any split or shatter. If the rods from which the cuttings are obtained are in good condition the cuttings will sustain no injury by re maining out of the ground for five or six weeks, if not exposed to very dry winds. All varieties of Salix fragalis, or willow proper, will do best, planted 18 inches by 12, the Salix and its va rieties known as Spaniards, Germans, Italians, etc., will do beet and produce the heaviest crops planted 16 inches by 8; this distance will do for all the finer kinds of willows. "Hew to the Line, Let the Chips Fall Where They May." OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON: FRIDAY EVENING, OCT. 20, 1893. The planting id done in the spring by means of a guide line or a frame which marks the point where the cut tings are to he planted, the process is simple enough, hut to prevent the ends of the cuttings injuring the hands by pushing them into the ground, hand-leathers must lie used, the cut tings must be pushed quite into the ground and no part of the plant should be left uncovered. This is of vital importance, as they will he more easily got into the soil, put in sideways roots better, than if pushed in perpen dicularly, will send out straight shoots and when the crop is cut off close to the ground, manure can he applied, the land plowed between the rows and harrowed over and kept as clean as an ordinary arable field. If this method is not followed, it will be next to im possible to keep willow ground from being overrun with weeds and the weed roots could not bo got out by the hoe. Question: How about cutting and preparing the plant? Answer— Whether crop is iutended to be useJ green, or to be peeled it ought to he cut off in the months of November and December, and the land stirred up with the cultivator. If cut at this time the buds remaining on the stools will put forth more vigorous shoots than if cut off near the spring. The rods must not in auy case be cut until the leaf has fallen or a flow of sap will follow the knife and the plant weakened in consequence. For cut ting close to the ground a heavy hooked knife, cranked near the handle, must be usod, it must be very sharp and the cutting stroke must be sharp and decisive; each root or stool must be cleared by one stroke, the rods being held tightly in the left hand. If any plant is found defective or dead, remove and stick into the vacant plaoc a full grown rod, and let it stand to grow. If a short cutting is put in, sur rounding plants will in all probability smother it and prevent its growing. The cut willow is not tied in bundles from 10 to 12 inches in thickness, cleared off the ground at once and if for peeling white, they must be placed standing on their butts in the water to the depth of 6 or 8 inches, firmly fixed in their position, so as not to be disturbed by the wind, until they be gin to grow in the spring, aud the bark becomes sufficiently loose to be removed, which may be readily as certained by trying to strip them with the fingers, which occurs usually in March or April. Children are usually employed in this work. A forklike instrument is used through which each shoot is drawn and the bark re moved by band. If the crop is to be peeled buff by using hot water to loosen the bark, or if intended to use green or be dried as brown, they can be reared on the butts in any dry place until the sap has left them, and they are dry enough to put under cover. After the peeling, the shoots should be at once air-dried, cure being taken to avoid discoloration, contact with the ground or moisture, when sufficiently dry, they must be sorted according to size, put up ip bundles of from 20 to 30 pounds, and they are ready for market. Question: What is meant by peeling bnffT Answer— It is now greatly the fashion to make baskets, etc., of,willows peeled by steaming or boiling, instead of peeling by the ordinary course, as it has been found that the baskets of the boiled willow are much firmer and wear considerably longer than when made of white rods; and in the pro cess of boiling, the coloring matter contained in the bark stains the willow a buff color. It is claimed by many manufacturers that the extra durabil ity of baskets made of the baled willow needs only to be more generally known, to make those made of willows peeled white things of the past, where wear and tear is required. Question: What reasons are there for planting as closely as recommended. Auswer— Two essential qualifications are re quired in a good basket willow. They are lengths of shoots, with the least thickness, also freedom from side branches qualities which can best be obtained by close planting all varieties of willows, however, straight their tendency may be if allowed too much room, will spread, thicken and throw outside branches. Let any one ex amine a willow holt, and it will be found that those rods are the best where tho growth is the closest, the outside rows will be found crooked and of less value than the inner rows, furthermore thejfirtt year the cutting of plant does not put out more than four or five side shoots and these as a rule, rather small; they have thus ample room to follow their natural tendency, if planted too wide, light and air being procurable all around tbem they have not to seek it upward. In conclusion I will repeat in brief the following points for establishing a good osier holt. A fresh soil, but by no means a wet one, thoroughly pre pared to at least 16 inch depth by ditching and bringing the top soil to the Lottom, planting 8 to 9 inches long cuttings in early spring, making tie rows 18 by 12 inches. Shallow cultivation to keep down weeds, sev eral times during the year, surface manuring is required. Cutting the rods down during the winter as close as possible to the ground with a smooth cut, even the first season, this is absolutely required in order to get long, thin and branchless rods the next year and keep the land fully cropped hy replacing any falling root as before started. If any intending planter means to allow weeds and willows to strive for the mastery un molested and give no attention to the ground when planted, I should advise him to let willow growing alone as a source of profit. At some future time I shall be pleased to call your atten tion to another purpose to which the willow may lie applied which is worthy the attention of our farmers in such localities of our State where timber for fencing is scarce and ex pensive. I hope to be able to show that it forms a most perfect protection, at the same time producing an annual crop quite as remunerative as that given upon any other portion of the ground. HINTS TO HOUSEKEEPERS All fresh meat should be put to boil in hot water, but for soup in cold. The llesli of good veal is film and dry, and Ihe joints stiff. The llesli of good lamb and mutton is red, with the fat very firm and white. To keep eggs fresh when taken from the nest rub them entirely over with butter and put them in a cool place and they will keep good for months. If you want to send milk off in bot tles, with a basket of dinner or a traveler's lunch, or for the baby's tea, first put into the bottle, if one pint, two teaspoonfuls of linse water, or if a quart four teaspoonfuls. It will keep sweet, even in hot summer weather; and if you will wrap the bottle in a wet cloth and then in a dry one it will keep cool into the bargain. To make an impermeable glue, soak ordinary glue in water until it softens aud remove it before it has lost its primitive form. After this dissolve it in linseed oil over a slow fire until it is brought to the consistency of a jelly. This glue may be used for joining any kinds of material. In addition to strength and hardness, it has the ad vantage of resisting the action of water. Fish should frequently be brought into the dietary. It is easy of diges tion and rich in phosphorus, which is required by the brain. Delicious fresh country eggs are almost equal to any meat, and can be cooked in a variety of ways. Vegetables, fresh and well-cooked, and a wise selection of cereals and bread and plenty of milk, will give materials for any num ber of changes and combinations. In buying wash silks, if the house selling them is not known to be abso lutely reliable, it is safer to Becure samples and wash them before select ing material for a gown or a shirt waist. These silks may be worn so long without becoming noticeably soiled that it is seldom necessary to have them washed when made up in gowns, but shirt waists and blouses, especially if worn in traveling, often are the better for cleansing. A delicious way of serving ice-cream is to fill watermelons with that de licious daiuty. The fruit must be cut in halves and the seeds taken out be fore the iced cream is put in, and a piece of the pulp should accompany each helping of cream. Another novel idea is to cut a ripe pineapple into neat little round slices, on each of which is placed a spoonful of iced cream. This cannot be conveniently eaten without a desert knife, but it is a delightful combination in very hot weather. The First HceracUauui. A shoemaker, Kavol Kowates, who n 1823, lived at Pesth, the capital of Hungary, made the first meerschaum pipe. Besides being a shoemaker, however, he was one of nature's handicraftsmen, being gifted with an inventive genius for carving in wood and other material. This brought him in contact with Count Andrassy, with whom he became a great favo rite. The Count on his return from a mission to Turkey, brought with him a piece of whitish clay, which had been presented to him as a curiosity, on account of its extraordinary spe cific gravity. It struck the shoemaker that, being porous, it must be well adapted for pipes, as it would absorb the nicotine. The experiment was tried, and Kavol cut a pipe for the Count and one for himself. The first meerschaum pipe, made and smoked by Kavol Kowates, has been preserved in the museum at Pesth.— Tit-Bits. THE next long-distance telephone line to be built by tho Sunset Tele phone Company, says Division Super intendent Sands, will run from Cen tralia through Oakville, Elma, Satsop, Montesano, Chebalis, Boom, Cosmop olis, Aberdeen, South Aberdeen, Ho vuiam, Ocosta, Westport, North Cove and Tokes Point to South Bend, with possibly a spur to Willapa. From Westport to North Cove the line will be built the moment business begins to improve. WHATCOM county had about 500 acres of hops this year, which yielded an immense crop of fine quality. STATE NEWS. Puyallup is to have a dress-reform club. Mount Vernon's assessed valuation is $360,000. The Chelan Fagle has folded its wings in death. Seattle's taxable wealth is a little over $38,000,000, Seattle will need $260,000 for her schools this year. The presbytery of Spokane meets at Spokane Tuesday. A lodge of the old Foresters is being formed at Spokane. Yakima teachers have organized a county association. New Whatcom's Septemlicr foreign exports were $26,000. The Peshastin quartz mill's pay roll is $6,000 monthly. A Blaine mill has made 35,000 boxes for salmon cans this season. The Everett smelter is completed and is waiting for ore to start up. Three hundred placer claims have been taken up along Ruby creek. Of Walla Walla's $38,743.45 city taxes only $5,952.25 is delinquent. Silver-backed salmon are running up the streams about Port Angeles. The hops of 1893 in this State ac cording to current prices will be worth $1,200,000. Over 300 Tacomians visited the World's Fair during the month of September. Glaus Spreckles will establish a steamship line between Puget Sound and Australia. A new flouring mill will be con structed at Pullman, with 100 barrels daily capacity. The telephones in the Spokane schools will be taken out unless the rates are lowered. P. C. Hayes, of Orilla, this season picked 52,000 pounds of plums from 430 four-year-old trees. The suspended Bank of Everett has promulgated a reopening scheme which is meeting favor with depositors. Flouring mills all through the agri cultural districts of Washington are exporting hundreds of tons of flour. The Willapa Harbor Extract Works at South Bend has received a first prize at Chicago for white hemlock tannin extract. The estimated hop crop of Yakima county is 14,000 bales, valued from 1350,000 to 1500,000. Last year's crop was 3,500 bales. Dr. A. N. Gill, under four years, sentence atChehalis for manslaughter, is in jail again, having been sur rendered by his bondsmen. The growing crop of wheat on 800,- 000 acres of Eastern Washington, will yield over 20,000,000 bushels, the average being nearly 30 bushels to the acre. At Port Townsend Judge Ballinger has ordered the grand jury convened on the 23d inst. to inquire into the alleged irregularities in the.Auditor's office. Adams county has a stockmen's protective association, for resisting the operations of rustlers, which will per fect organization at Ritzville Octo ber 28. The postoffice, Farnsworlh's drug store and O. M. Rudd's jewelry store at Rock ford were robbed, the burglars taking in all SSOO woith of plunder from the three places. The best bid the Cowlitz county commissioners had for their proposed bond issue was, according to the Kalama Bulletin, " a 7 per cent bond and a premium of $100." The death warrant of John White is the first ever issued in Bnohomish county. He is to be hanged Friday, December 22, which will be the first auuiversary of his crime. A run of 24 tons of ore was recently made in the Black Bear mill, Okan ogan county, which netted about S3OO in bullion and 1,000 pounds of concretes worth about $193 per ton. At Colfax, Judge Sullivan has dis missed the case of John J. Maraseck, who was charged with knowingly receiving stolen cattle, for want of sufficient evidence to sustain the charge. The Settler's League of Gray's Har bor is corresponding with the interior department about the delayed survey of that section, and has received grounds for hoping tliat something will be done. A young man by the name of Doughdill who killed a man in Ala bama a year ago, surrendered himself to Sheriff Woolery at Seattle last Mon day. He said he wanted to go back and see his wife and family. A coachman at New Whatcom had a miraculous escape from a frightful death. He was carrying two valises across the railroad track when he was struck by the engine of a moving train and hurled into the air, alighting however, unharmed. H. S. Gile, of Ilwaco, has brought a suit of ejectment against a number of fishermen who, he claims, are occupy ing his land on Chinook beach. The fishermen claim that the land their traps are on is not his, but made ground which lies without his estate. John Galligher, janitor of t.he Pacific National bank bujlding at Tacoma, talked through the grates with a prisoner in the county jail, and was himself obliged to look through iron bars for 20 minutes as a result. He has sued for $2,500 damages for the indignity, Merchandise exports by water from Tacoma during September, reached the snug figure of $400,000, the larg est amount since March. Our im ports, including teas, for Hie month, fall little short of $3,000,000. If com merce is king, Tacoma's pre-eminence as a commercial point is established. There is trouble at Mount Vernon about fire matters. The department, which is volunteer, has disbanded. There is, therefore, an engine but no company, and the ownership of the bell is in dispute. The " boys" pro pose to take it down and sell it lo tlie Edison school district for a school bell. The Tacoma Commercial Club has adopted a resolution recommending that cities of the first-class, instead of patching up their present characters, unite in going before the next legisla ture and asking that a general muni cipal-incorporation bill to provide uni form charters throughout the State be passed. The Auditor of Spokane county estimates that the sunt required for the various funds, including the State tax, will be $470,488.15, of which $110,688.05 is for State purposes. This sum is based on an equalized valua tion in the city of Spokane of $27,- 370,883, and in the county outside the city of $11,132,591. Martha Jane Wood, who committed suicide at Colfax recently, has been a very handsome girl, and even dis sipation had not yet despoiled her of beauty. She was 24 years old last May. Her maiden name was Jordan, and she was married to George Wood at Eugene, Or., October 23,1880, when 17 years of age. Her mother still lives in Salem Or. A female tramp, 25 years old and good looking, is beating her way along the Union Pacific toward Portland, having in view California, where she claims to have friends. She says she started from Peoria, 111,, with enough money to pay her way to Los Angeles at 3 cents a mile, but that her money gave out at Bozeman, and now she hides herself wherever she can about freight trains. At Spokane, Judge Moore has ap pointed H. E. Houghton and J. W. Binkley executors of the estate of the late Mrs. Jennie F. Cannon. No bond was required aud the executors, under the will, also act as trustees. Judge Houghton filed a statement of the value of the estate. Community real estate is put at $700,000, and com munity personal property is given at SOOO,OOO. Mrs. Cannon's separate estate is given at $60,000, of which $40,000 is real estate and $20,000 per sonal property. At Harriston, says the Ritzville Times, a rancher named Young had started a box-car on a sidetrack with the " pinch bar," and then mounting it, sat coolly down on the brakewheel to watch the freight go by, forgetting that his car was moving. The result was that the rancher and car were thrown off the track, and the caboose and several cars damaged, the train coming to Ritzville without a caboose. The last the trainmen saw of the farm er he was disappearing over the hills toward Crab creek. The Tacoma smelter turned out 3,885 bars of bullion, weighing 348,337 pounds and valued at $76,445.50, dur ing September. There were 1,787,715 ounces of gold worth $36,940.38, 121.71 ounces of silver worth $26,657.82 and 345,729 pounds of lead worth $12,847.29. To employes $6,547.66 were disbursed. The mines of Wash ington, British Columbia, Alaska, Mexico and South America furnished ores more than sufficient for operating the plant at its present capacity, and the second ore stack has been put in operation in consequence. James D. Murray, of Ilwaco, who was first officer of the ill-fated ship Strathblane, which was wrecked on the weather beach near Ilwaco three years ago, has erected a monument over the grave of brave Captain Cuthell and the men who perished with him. Mr. Murray made a trip to England last fall and carried the captain's last message to his young wife over the sea, a duty made doubly sad through the fact that the bereaved lady had refused to believe that her husband would never come back, but still anxiously awaited his return. Sheriff Pugh, of Spokane, has received a telegram from Arlene, Mont., stating that Louie Stemsto, the murderer of Mah-So-Lah at Spokane, August 16, was under arrest there. It was signed by Joseph T. Carter, Louie Stemsto, or Louie, as he is known, is a Spokane Indian. On the night of August 16, near the old Twickenham power-house, Louie, Con- Con-Spokano and another Indian, while under the intluence of liquor, killed Mah-So-Lah, a young Indian from the Flathead reservation, who was in Spokane on a visit. Louie is said to have knocked him down, when Con-Con took the piece of iron pipe and crushed in his skull. The In dians all escaped and these facts were developed at the inquest. Louie will l»e brought to Spokane at once. i HOW TO MEASURE HAY. Simple Rules to Follow When Weighing; Is Convenient. In answer to a number of inquiries, the Orange Judd Farmer publishes a few simple rules for determining the amount of hay in stack or mow, when it is not convenient to weigh it. Sell ing by measurement is not always the most satisfactory method, but it some times is most convenient. Sellers are disposed to insist that a cube of seven feel is a ton. This is entirely too small, and it will not weight out. How many cubic feet will make a ton depends on so many conditions that no certain rule can be given. It depends on the kind of hay, whether timothy, alfalfa or prairie; on the character of the hay, whether line or coarse; on the condition in which it was put in the stack, and particularly on the size, especially the depth, of the stack or mow. In a very large mow, well settled, 400 cubic feet of alfalfa or timothy may "average a ton, but on the top of the mow, or in a small stack, it requires 500 or 512 cubic feet, sometimes even more. It is not safe for the buyer to figure on less than 500 cubic feet; but in a well filled mow, in selling we would rather weigh than sell at that measurement. To find the number of tons in a barn mow or hay shed, multiply the length, breadth and depth together and divide by the number of cubic feet you think, considering the quality of the bay and the condition in which it was put up, will make a ton. To measure a cane-shaped stack, find the area of the base by multiply ing the square of the circumference in feet by tte decimal .07958, aud multi plying the product thus obtained by one-third of the height in feet, and then divide as before, cutting off five right-hand figures. The correctness of this will depend somewhat on the approximation of the stack to a regu lar cone, and if the stack bulges out it makes the product too smalL The better way is to estimate the area of the stack up to a point of tapering in and apply above rule to cone-shaped top. The best way is to weigh. The ex perience of weighing a few sacks will enable any one to judge quite ac curately. Another approximate rule for measuring a round stack is this: Select a place which is at near as pos sible to which the average size would be if the stack were of uniform diam eter from the ground to the top point Measure around this to get the cir cumference. Add four ciphers (0000) to the circumference at the right and divide the whole by 31,559, to get the diameter by half the circumference, and you have the feet of the circular area. Multiply by the number of feet the stack is high, and you will have tho solid or cubic feet in the whole. Then divide by 500 to 512, according to its size and compactness, which will give the number of tons in the stack. WANTED FULL MEASURE. A Dispatch tu which Then Was No Sense, hat Some Satlsfaetloa. A man top-heavy, rushed into a telegraph office, seized a telegraph blank and a pen, and by propping himself against the counter, man aged to write the following message: " Kate: I won't be home till morn ing.—Harry." " What'll that cost?" said the man, handing the message through the port hole to the manipulator of elec tricity. " Let me see; eight words, sixpence." " Sixpence, eh? How much for ten words?" "The same price; anything not exceeding twelve words will cost you sixpence," answers the operator, mak ing a spring to muzzle an instrument that was sputtering as if it had the delirum tremens. " I'm bound to have the worth of my money, then," bracing himself against the counter as be traced on a blank this clear message: " Incom prehensibility, manufacturers, tran scendentalism, Constantinople, con cavoconvex, Massachusetts, assassina tion, Pennsylvania, rhinocerous, hip popotamus, imperturability, philopro genitiveness." "There, string that on your wire and send her," said the man, with a dark look of vengeance in liis eye. The operator counted the words, but volunteered the information that there was no sense in the message and that the dictionary must have been ' ransacked for the longest words. " I know there's no sense in it, but Kate will understand it all the same. She'll know I am on a spree anyhow, when I send a message at this hour, whether it's sense or not. I'm for a good time. Never mind the expense. Here's your sixpence." And the man ran out and hailed a passing cab. Worn) lias reached Spokane that Charles Wright and Ed Smith, two prospectors, quarreled near Bonner's Ferry orer the possession of their camp utensils. They had worked to gether all summer. Wright shot Smith in the hack. Smith ran through the woods and got in a row boat and Wright fired several ineffectual shots. Smith drifted into town and was rescued. SheritTs are hunting for Wright. Smith will probably die. i WHOLE NUMBER 1,764. President, Cashier, ~, A * A -rHILLIPB, L. w. OHTKANbKB V iee President, Ass't Cashier, JOHN r. GOWIY. p. 11. UOWEY. FIRST NATIONAL RANK OF 01YMPIA. WA3HINBTON. A General Banking Business Transacted. Special attention paid to Cohcctiouii. Tele graphic transfers of niouey. Capital, - - - - - «100,000 Sarplas, - - - - - 33,000 DIRECTORS. 5* T - M - J°l>n *■ Gowey. A. H. Chambers, A.A.Phillips, W. M. Ladd, Geo. D. Shannon* Olympla, March 13. 1892. vgy dr. earn s ONION SYRUP covens. MM CROUP. GRANDMOTHER'S ADVICE. • f V® n / ?I n,n ® <*'ldren. my only rem £?* ? r Colds and Croup was onion syrup. J' *• affective to-day at it was forty years 7fL°' o ow my rmndchildren take Dr. Gimn'a 2r^ t^ p ,h w . h ;'V' • s 2si» ""I« " piaaaant to tho taste. Bold at &0 cents a bonis. For aaie by Acme Urns Store, Marr A Cjsa Proprietors, Olympia, Wash. THE California Wine Co. 225 MAIN STREET. Would respectfully inform the citizen* oi Olym pt» that they are now prepared to sup- Ply the family trade with PURE WINES « LIQUORS. PARTIAL PRICE LIST. A 1 Table Claret and 75c w'rt'tS? (Wwte Win®) $1 oo iR??a. 06 W 1 50 A n»?taa' Is} ft't'orni. Grape Brandy 8 50 Whtak y a 50, 8 60 and 4 60 _.A''°"?f r California wines at the very lowest room •"<! heer hall atUehed. delivered to any part of free of Aug, I®, 1892. Manager. T. N. FORD, • • OINERAL . . Fire Insurance. IIS Wast > earth Straat. OLYMPIA, - WASH. - - AGENTS FOB - - TV Sis TIM OCce sf UtVs, ustii . . $1,(31,000 TV Gurdiu imnm C«. *1 UsVi, u»ti . 31,i11,(M TW isericu In Cs. »f FUiMpkia, usrti • - 2.N3.ND TV PWtu iinrut. Cs. if Jrtdlji, usttt - ODD,BOB ANDREW BOESL, PROPRIETOR OF THE Opera Exchange •T9 Fsarth 11., Olyhyia. DEALER IN FINE WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. FMSB BEER ALWAYS OR TAP JEFFERSON HOTEL WM. STRINGER, Proprietor • • Olympia. A new 80-room hard-finished bouse situated on the Cor. Jefferson aud Eighth Sts, Four blocks from Northern Pacific Depot and (our blocka from Olympia Theater. SAMPLE ROOM IN CONNECTION. Ritea fl to (2 per day. Special rate* by the week or mocth. R, J. PRICKMAN, Artistic-i- Tailor, —IS SHOWING A— BEAUTIFUL UK OF BOODS, Both standard and novel. MAIN ST., BET. FIFTH AND SIXTH Wan ted—Salesmen Local and Traveling TO represent our well-known house. Yott need no capital to represent a firm that war rants nursery stock first-clas* aud true to name. •••ft* 11 year. SIOO per month to the right man. Apply quick, statiug age. L. L. MAY «& CO., .Ivicrjaei, Florists aid Strisnti. St. Paul, mink. This house ia responsible April 14.18U3. tS SUN WO & CO., DEALERS IN FINE TEASL SUGAR. RICE I OIL Chinese Provisions of til Kinds. CONTRACTORS FOR LABOR 117 Fifth Street. Olympia. Wash. Jan. 29.1892. t THE NEW OLYMPIA THEATER For Kant Rrato.abla Tsrwaa. Apply to JOHN MILLER MURPHY, Man agar