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VOLUME XXXI V.-XUMBER 36.
WASHINGTON -STANDARD B3:E: I?I*7 tsca? E7ES:K3 BT JOHN MILLER MURPHY, Editor and Proprietor. Nubarrlptlon Kate*. Per y«-.»r, in advance J2 00 " it not paid siriotiv in a<l vanee. 2 5f Six months, in advance 1 0(. Advertising Rater square (Inch) per year sl2 00 per quarter 4 00 One a>|uare, one Insertion 1 00 " " subsequent insertions.. 50 Advertising, four squares or upward by the year, at liberal rates. Legal notices will lie charged to the at torney or ollicer authorizing their inser tion Advertisement sent from a distance • nil transient notices must be accompaii i id by the cash. Announcements of marriages, births and deaths inserted free. obituary notices, resolutions of respect and oilier articles which do not possess a general interest will bo inserted at one half the rates for business advertisements gttsiarsis Cards. Capital National Bank, OF OLYMPIA. WASH. Capital, - £IOO,OOO. Marplot. 945,000. President . C. J. LORD Viee President N. H. OWINGS Cashier W. J. FOSTER Dl HECTORS. F. K. Brown, Louis R< ttman. Robt. Frost, N. II Owings, O. C. White, Geo. A. Barnes, C. J. Lord. Transacts a general banking business. For gii aud domeatic exchange bought aud told. I'elegiaphir transfers made on allpriucipal cit ies. Collections a specialty. Olympia, Jan I,IMM. PATRONIZE THE ACME DRUC STORE, EMPORIUM Of DRUGS AND CHEMICALS, Patent and Proprietary Medicines. Druggists' Sundries and Stationery THE MOTTO OF THIS HOUSE. .ttwiiti aii inn I UT■ r>DITV » at laaiiun anu in i auni i i, Aaanrei you aatiafaetlon. Special preparation* bave been made for com .-pounding preaoriptioni. MAKR & ROSS. Pioprietor*. FRED W. CARLTON, JEWELER AND OPTICIAN SILVERWARE, WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELBY. All kind, of repairing done and warranted. All article, bought engraved upon. Eyes Tested Free of Chargl. UfAIITCn A for our IfSN I EUI Family Trra.mry, the great est book ever offered to the public. . A Chrl.tma. Pr.Mii f u r both old and young. Our coupon system, which we use in selling this great work, eusbies each pur chaser to get the book FBBK, so every one purchases. For his first week's work one agent's profit is $168.00. Another $136. A lady has just cleared $l2O for her first week's worg. Write for particulars, and if you can be gin at once send SI.OO for outfit. We give you exclusive territory, and pay large commissions on the sales of sub-agents. Write at once for the agency for your county. Address all communications to RAND, McNALLY & COt» Clilcftgo. R. KINCAID. M. D.. Graduate of Queen'a University, tnd late Senior Surgeon ef the Nicboll's Hospital, Oute to. Canada. PHYSICIAN, BURGEON AND* ACCOUCHEUR erncx. ROOM* AND - - WILLIAMS BLOCK Olvmpia, March 29. 1894. HARNED ft BATES. UNDERTAKERS AND Funeral Directors. Especial attention Given to Embalming for Shipment. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. West Fourth St. Telephone No. 7 Olvmpia, Feb. 5.1894. HONG HAI & CO., DEALERS IN Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods AND BENINAL MERCHANDISE. Fifth street, between Meln and Colombia Clvmpia. Wash. d2O-tf THE BIVOUAC MONIES ANO, WASH. J as. A. Kelly, Pro. The best of wiuea. liquor, aud cigars con stantly ou band. "mTaTroot, ATTORNEY I COUNSELOR A.T LAW. Court House Building, Olympia, Wash. n25-92tf J. C. BATHBUN, Attorney at Law and Justice of the Peace 190 Fsarik st, Bswssa Mala sad Wtiklagta. CHOICE RESIDENCE LOTS FOR SALE. March 1,1894. tf THE NKW OLYMPIA THEATEB Par Ksat sa Rrassasbl. Ttraaa. Apply to JOHN MiILKK.MCRPHT, Manager J§t a aim t i>. r ~7 STATE PENITENTIARY THE PLACE WHERE THE SINFUL REPENT AT LEISURE. Representatives of all Uradn of Humanity lmportant Reforms Instituted b>- tbe Present man. axemen I—The Jute mill and Its Products—Tbe Brickyard— Amus ing Incidents of Prison I.lfe. One of the greatest institutions in the State is the penitentiary at Walla Walla. Although the grounds cover a hundred and lifty-tive acres and af ford employment to 436 convicts, few people know very much concerning its workings. The prevailing idea that the convicts have a hard time and experience all the horrors of the condemned, with dismal dungeons, shackles, chains, and sometimes blows, is erroneous. A Ledger correspondent, returning front the Hooded districts of the Co lumbia river, spent two days at the penitentiary lately and was vididly impressed with the good behavior of the large majority of tho prisoners. A study of the sea of sad faces, be neath the stripped caps of black and white, demonstrated that the army of convicts is inclined to make the most of their imprisonment and take their fate philosophically. They are re quired to work no harder than ordin ary free mechanics; they are not abused and their food, of which they are given plenty, is wholesome. There are but two things at Walla Walla which make the convict's life an un happy one—the knowledge that he receives no remuneration for his labor and the stigma which he knows, the world over, is attached to the name o' a convict. In the penitentiary are bankers, blacksmiths, butchers, contractors, architects, farmers, masons, ma chinists, plumbers, painters, actors, musicians, laborers, lawyers, and, in fact, every walk in life has its sad rep resentatives here save the newspaper profession. It is a singular fact that there are no newspaper men in prison. With such a force the warden is enabled to execute all manner of work, from the construction of houses to the building of steam engines, and under the work of re-organization, which the present warden has studi ously instituted, every convict, except three who are now in the hospital, has liis special and separate duties to per form. The work is sufficient to keep him busy all day and he who works faithfully has not time to brood over and consider his condition and the what-might-have-been. Warden J. H. Coblentz has insti tuted numerous reforms, has cleaned out some of the old hangers-on, lessened the running expenses and at the same time increased the produc tiveness of the jute mill, brick yard and farm. Since he took charge, the stockade about the prison has been extended so that it now covers six acres instead of three; the high fence about the jute mill, warehouses and brick yard has been built to enclose eight acres instead of four. A three story brick hospital has been built within the prison stockade and auoth' er force of convicts is also employed at laying the foundation for a brick building to be used by the warden as a residence. Besides these improve ments there has been grading, level ing and planting until now the place looks like a garden of Eden compared to its condition a year ago. But one of the most important re forms, aside from the putting up of new buildings and the work of beauti fying the place, has been the estab lishment of a rigid system of disci pline. Now not only are the guards better protected, but the prisoners feel freer; they know just exactly what is expected of them and are cog nizant of the limits to which they can go with safety. Every convict under stands that he must obey orders with out a word; if he is rebellious the dungeon and, perhaps, death will be his measure and punishment. At the present time the dungeons have no occupants; however, one life was sac rificed before the proper degree of dis cipline was established. The death of Dryden, alias Snow, alias Hawthorne, a desperate criminal from Seattle, will probably be recalled by the newspaper readers on the Sound. He had been in the peniten tiary less than a week before he began to hatch a diabolical scheme to effect a wholesale delivery of the jute mill convicts. He was employed in the mill at a hemming machine directly beneath the mill guard, who, from his position in an iron cage, could observe any suspicious act. Thus it was that Dryden's scheme was necessarily ar ranged in his cell after working hours and secretly passed from mouth to mouth. His plans were almost ma tured, when a trusty gave informa tion concerning the proposed break for liberty. The next morning the convicts found an order posted notify ing them on pain of death not to leave their machines in the mill unless ac companied by a labor overseer. The convicts were infuriated when they found that their plans had been frus trated and an attempt was made with out success to kill the trusty who had foiled them. Dryden did not give up hope, however, and continued to scheme. A few days latter a sham fight was started in the mill between several of the convicts, probably for the purpose of diverting the attention of the guard from a new plan to es cape. Seeing the sham fight Drvden seized an iron bar and started to where the men were scuttling, lie had gone but a few steps when the deafening report of the guard's rifle reverberated throughout the immense work shop. When the smoke cleared away Drydeu lay unconscious on the floor. The bullet had torn a great hole in his thigh and the same night the wounded man died. The dealli of Dryden incidentally brought to light evidences of a strong, manly, tender sympathy existing in a convict regarded as one of the most desperate criminals in the penitentiary and from whom one would not expect a shadow of sentiment. This man had previously been known by the name of Snow. He has five years yet to serve on a seven-year sentence for burglary. He mourned Dryden's death bitterly and asked that he be permitted to see the body before the fu neral. The warden, in some surprise at the emotion displayed by the prisoner, asked: " What's he to you? Why are you so anxious to see him?" The prisoner hesitated a moment. A pink spot was visible for a moment on each cheek and then, with a defiant toss of his head, lie replied: " He is my brother!" And in this brief admission the con vict gave away his liberty, for he dis closed his true identity. He is wanted in Michigan and other States on charges that will keep him a convict in one prison or another as long as his natural life. But all this he ac cepted in return for one last look at the cold face of his dead brother. The 1 fate which started this man on a ca reer of crime will probably never be known, but in his short request he dis played a bravery that perhaps would have made him a Farragut, or a Nel son, or a Wellington, had fortune and circumstances favored him. Dryden was buried in the prison grave yard and his number, and the date of his death, are all that adorn the little tombstone at his head. Since Snow made known his identity he has been put to work in the brica yard and is regarded as a desperate man. He is placed where he can be watched and any suspicious action would mean an unerring bullet from the ritle of a guard stationed in a watch tower near by. The jute mill is the great workshop of tho place aud is operated with the precision of an eight-day clock. When Hon. Joseph C. Painter, of Walla Walls, introdued the bill in the legis lature providing for the building of the mill, it met with violent opposi tion on the ground that the mill could not be made a success and could not be operated with benefit to the tax payers. The bill passed in the session of 1889-90 and how wise a measure it was the farmers of this State, especial ly in Eastern Washington, have al ready realized. The mill, operating seventy looms, besides other necessary machinery, turns out an average of 8,000 grain sacks per day and farmers, instead of paying from 12 to 14 cents for sacks as heretofore, can ordinarily buy all they require at eix and one-half cents. There are now in the ware house adjoining the mill 1,182,200 sacks ready for sale, against 788,535 sacks at this time last year. There is in stock 1,050 bales of jute, enough to make 580,000 sacks. By August this stock will have been consumed and another shipment of 1,000 bales direct from Calcutta will be on hand. Twine is also made in all the different grades and farmers can buy at 10 cents a pound instead of 35 and 40 cents, as heretofore. Speaking of the mills, Warden Coblentz said: " We turn out grain sacks, twine, matting, hop cloth, kiln cloth, wool bags, ore bags, etc. If the State, instead of sending away for carpets and matting, would have what is needed made right here it would it would cost but comparatively little and the taxpayers would receive as good an article as can be purchased anywhere in the land." Mr. Coblentx' home is at South Prairie, Pierce county. He was ap pointed warden by Gov. McGraw about a year ago. When be was first in stalled as warden he bad no definite idea of the capacity of the jute mill, so he hit upon a clever plan to make each man do his best. There was one man in the mill whose loom wove a great deal more cloth each day tbAn any other machine. When Sunday arrived the warden sent the energetic weaver a fine chicken dinner served on China dishes. Of course the other prisoners felt slighted, but they took the cue and worked bard the follow ing week, so that by Sunday there were about a dozen men who were en titled to good dinners, and they got them. The next Sunday nearly every man in the mill was deserving of chicken and so the warden treated them all. But on Monday morning the observing warden fired a bomb into the camp of the convicts, for when they lined up for their day's work he addressed them as follows: " I have noticed that you are capable when working for chicken dinner, of weaving 130 yards of sack cloth each per day. You have set the pace and now you will have to abide by the con sequences. I shall expect you to do this same work hereafter without any "Hew to the Line, Let the Chips Fall Where They May." OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON: PHLDAY EVENING, JULY 27, 1894. chicken dinner. It is immaterial to me whether you do the amount ot work in five hours or in twenty-four.'» The convicts understood and compre hended the trap they had fallen into and since then have worked faithfully. Up to date they have not been re quired to work over time. This ruse of the warden has proved of decided benefit to the State, for instead of turning out from 3,500 to 4,000 sacks per day the mill averages a daily ca pacity of 8,000 sacks. There are seventy looms in the mill, sixteen spinning frames of one hun dred and thirty-two spindles each and numerous other pieces of machinery of great and small dimensions. The Ledger correspondent was shown about the mill and was impressed by the first question asked by the labor over seer who acted as guide in picking out the way among the labyrinth of hum ming machinery and revolving wheels. The overseer asked: " Have you a gun?" Receiving an answer in the negative, the overseer, in response to an inquir ing look, explained that none of the officers and guards, whose duty it is to mingle with the convicts, are per mitted to carry weapons of any kind. It would be an easy matter for them to gain possession of the weapon, and this done they could light the guards in the watch towers with their own weapons and effect escape. The mill is an immense building 288 by 100 feet with a warehouse in close proximity 220 by 40 feet, a dye house 15 by 15 feet, a blacksmith shop 15 by 22 feet, a coal house 34 by 60 feet, and an engine room and boiler house 50 by 100 feet. Many of the most desperate of the convicts are em ployed in the mill where escape is next to impossible. Barney Martin, a robber and would-be murderer, from Seattle, doing a thirty-four year term, and his pal, Davis, is also at work here, serving out a nineteen year sen tence. Murphy, Seattle's ex Chief of the Fire Department who killed Phil Dawe, doing a twenty year sentence, has developed into an excellent spin ner and is a good prisoner. A good many of the Tacoma colony of lesser fame are also at work turning out sacks. In the brick yard sixty men are em ployed ; none of them, however, are generally known or will be remem bered. Notwithstanding the general impression to the contrary ninety per cent, of the convicts would prefer to work in the brick yard. They seem to think that the opportunities of escape are more here than elsewhere about the mill. However true this is only one man has succeeded in effect ing his escape from the yard and that happened two years ago at a time when the place was conducted with different system. The circumstance of the escape may prove interesting, as illustrating the cleverness displayed by some of the crooks, and is here given : A grand larceny thief was em ployed one day at unloading brick from a box-car standing on a siding near where the jute mill now stands. In the car he found a coat, shirt and a pair of trousers, evidently having been left there by a tramp. The convict slipped into the clothes and ten min utes later was observed leaving the prison yard complacently walking be lling a brick wagon. A new watch was stationed in the watch tower at the entrance aud seeing the prisoner he called out: " Where did you come from?" " Came in through the other gate, of course," replied the thief coolly. " I don't believe it," answered the guard reaching for his rifle. The cun ning convict pretending to become highly indignant, exclaimed with a string of oaths: " What's wrong with you I you must be crazy. Do you take me for a con vict? Must be a new man ain't you? Ain't on to your job. Why, you would suspect you own father! The warden ought to send you back to the farm." The harrange allayed the confiding guard's suspicions and the convict escaped never to be recaptured, but the guard was promptly discharged. It is a peculiar fact that no insur ance is carried on the penitentiary property. The matter has worried the warden not a little, for jute, when soft ened and dampened with oil, as is ne cessary in the process of manufacture, becomes almost as explosive as cotton gin and must be handled carefully. The plant is at such elevation that the water received from the Walla Walla city mains do not give sufficient pressure and would be of no use in case of fire. To guard against a con flagration and the necessary great loss of life which would attend a fire in the mill the warden has just completed an immense well twenty-five feet in di ameter by sixty feet deep which holds twenty-two feet of water. The well is fed by springs of such magnitude that a pump capable of throwing 26,560 gallons of water a minute and a pulse ometer throwing 18,000 gallons can not drain it dry. Plug connection will be made with the well to the pumps and thence to points of advan tage. This done it will be almost im possible for a fire to gain much head way, for the pumps would soon flood the mill and surrounding buildings. The ptison is on a knoll about three hundred yards distant from the jute mill and brick yard next to the jute mill; this is the most interesting part I of the panitentiary, for here is the ; convict's home. The prison is located in a stockade of brick and stone three feet thick by sixteen feet high and j covering an area of six acres. Within the enclosure beside the prison is the three-story brick hospital, rapidly nearing completion, the laundry, tailor shops, shoe shops and machine shops. Among the improvements made by the new warden may be mentioned the planting of a young orchard three acres in extent and a garden of eight acres. Also co.l is now used as well as wood and a harse car line, or '• petty larceny railroad," as the warden satirically calls it, runs down to the main line of the Washington <t Co lumbia River railroad where coal buuk ers are located. Coal is used for the steam heating plant with a saving as follows: It took five cords of wood a day in the winter time to operate the steam heating arrangements and this at $0 per cord made S3O per day. Coal costs |5.34 per ton and three and one half tons per day do the work of six cords of wood. During the summer, three cords of wood per night was used; now a ton and a half of coal does the work and runs one more dy namo and heats an additional wing which has been built to the prison. On the farm this year's crop of wheat on forty acres will cut 100 tons of hay, and ten acres in alfalfa will average two tons to the acre. The chicken ranch is also on an extensive scale and is looked after by Ben Blenton, aged 70 years, who is called the " hen shark" by his fellow prisoners. Blenton is a twenty year man from Whitman county, hav ing killed three men whom he suspect ed of intimacy with his young wife. A horse thief acts as hostler and keeps the stable in good repair, while an other horse thief is a very efficient butcher. Heretofore the State paid six and one-half cents per pound for beef and 500 pounds per day were used. Now steers are bought on foot for two and one-half cents per pound, fattened on the farm and slaughtered. The meat uow costs only four cents per pound, not counting the hide, tallow and ofTal, the latter beiug fed to the hogs. As the penitentiary is now run it is a source of revenue to the State. The prisoners live well, have three meals a day and meat at each meal. The steward hands a report every evening to the warden, and these re ports show that the average cost per day for each convict's board is eleven cents. The day that the correspond ent was at Walla Walla the steward's report was as follows: Four hundred and sixty pounds of flour, 100 pounds cornmeal, 50 pounds hominy, 20 pounds rice, 150 pounds pink beans, 10 pounds white beans, 432 pounds beef, 2 hams, 12 pounds sugar, 8 pounds coffee, 1$ pounds tea, 14 pounds black pepper, 20 pounds salt, 1 gallon vinegar, 4 pounds bacon, 12 pounds corn beef, 14 pounds cream tartar, 4 dozen eggs, 3 pounds pork, 1 pound raisins, and one-third cord of wood to cook it all. Thus the day's board for 436 convicts cost but $47.42, or on an average of 11 cents per mau. The meals per man for the forty officers and guards run from 50 cents per man per day down. Other economics calculated to bene fit the convicts themselves are prac ticed with good result. The incoming convicts supply the ontgoingones with clothing. When a convict enters the prison his clothing is taken from him and turned over to the five women who represent the criminals of their •ex in jail. The clothing is repaired, patchej| and cleaned until it is almost as good as new. When a convict is discharged he is given clean clothing, $5 in cash and a railroad ticket to the place he came from when arrested, or if be prefers, is furnished transporta tion for an equal distance to any part of the country. In the headquarters building are employed Sam Duesenberre, Bert Wid lake, Dave Latin, and Compon, and Albertson, all well known in Tacoma. They serve in various capacities as clerks and so useful have they made themselves that the Warden does not require them to wear the regulation striped suits. It is not from any de sire to play favorites, however, that this exception is made. The men are employed on the books and records of the office and were they compelled to wear stripes every visitor to the place would stare at them and there would be but one effect —the men would get rattled and make mistakes. So they are permitted to dress as best suits them. A man of any sentiment at all can not visit an institution like the Walla Walla penitentiary without being con vinced that there are numerous grave mistakes committed in the name of justice. At Walla Walla many splen did looking men—men of fine phy sique, intelligence and undisputed ability—are serving long terms for crimes that short sentences would am ply suffice. Then there are others who, it seems, should never have been Bent to prison at all. The army of men confined in the penitentiary is held in check by a force of eleven armed guards, Btationed in as many watch towers scattered about the premises. The guards are armed with revolvers and Winchester rifles of large bore, and all of them are crack shots. The turnkey and industrial overseers, as well as all persons em ployed about the premises, do not carry weapons for reasons now obvious. THE PEOPLE APPROVE. ACTION OF THE ADMINISTRATION ENDORSED. The Knights of Labor'* Absurd Idea of Impeachment of Attorney Cieneral Olney—Oplnloua of Lead ing Democratic Lawyers and Statesmen. Krora Our Regular Correspondent. WASHINGTON, D. 0., July 13,1894. President Cleveland and his Cabinet are almost swamped with telegrams from every section of the country con gratulating them on the courage and promptness with which they have brought order out of chaos and pre vented what at one time looked like it might be a revolution, and volunteer ing aid to any imaginable extent, in both men and money. The President and his advisers believe that the worst is over, but they none the less feel proud of the confidence reposed in them, Congress and the people, and will continue their efforts to deserve that confidence. It is Speaker Richardson now, if you please, Representative Richardson, of Tennessee, having been elected Speaker pro lem of the House during the absence of Speaker Crisp, who has been called to Georgia by the serious illness of his brother. Had the situation not been entirely too grave and important to be laughed at, the silly talk of Messrs. llayes, Mc- Guire and French, members of the Executive Committee of the Knights of Labor, who are in Washington this week, about beginning impeachment proceedings against Attorney General Olney because of the arrest of Debs, would have been regarded as a good joke. As it is, it merely gave the intelligent public an opportunity to gauge the caliber of the men who con trol a once powerful and influential organization and to wonder how they ever managed to get their authority and how long the organization can stand the use they are making of it. Senator Daniel, of Virginia, in addi tion to being a State's rights Democrat of the staunchest sort is known among lawyers as an authority upon consti tutional law. His resolution (offered as a substitute to the semi-anarchist resolution offered by Henator Peffer, of Kansas, and supported by the Populist Senator in one of the most outrageous speeches ever made in the Senate in which the abolition of Con gress and the transfer of authority to a committee composed of one mem ber from each State was advocated), endorsing President Cleveland and his administration for the prompt and vigorous measures taken to " repulse and repress by military force the interference of lawless men with the due process of the laws of the U. 8., and with commerce among the States" and declaring that " the action of the President and his administration has the full sympathy and support of the law abiding masses of the people of the U. S., and will be supported by all departments of the government and by the power and resources of the entire nation," would have been im mediately adopted by a nearly unani mous vote of the Senate as it was the next day—only Peffer voting against it—had not Senator Gallinger, of N. H., for some unexplained reason, caused it to go over a day under the rules by objecting to a vote there on and refusing to withdraw the ob jection although he was begged to do so by his Republican colleagues. Speaking of the situation, Senator Daniel said: " I am a States rights Democrat, and would be the last man to stand idly by and see the authority of the State encroached upon, but I fail to see anything here that en croaches upon the authority of the State of Illinois in any way. The President is acting entirely within the lines of the Constitution, and his ac tion is to be commended by all law abiding citizens, regardless of their political predilection or partisan feel ing." This is the way the situation looks to Senator Davis, of Minn., the Re publican whose raking down of Peffer will not soon be forgotten: " I have looked into this matter as a lawyer, and my judgment is that the Presi dent has gone about this business as a lawyer. He has considered his ground, become acquainted with bis authority and powers, and then gone in to exer cise them in a righteous cause and for the good of the general public. He has not exceeded his authority one whit; on the contrary, he has not as yet exhausted it. If the Federal troops are not sufficient for this emergency the State militia is at his command. The President can swear the militia of the various States into the service of the U. S., and then send them to Chicago or any other point where their mobilization may become neces sary. The Constitution is broad enough in this case, and the President is entrenched upon it." DEM. AYER'S Hair Vigor has no equal, in merit and efficiency, as a hair dressing and for the prevention of baldness. It eradicates dandruff*, keeps the scalp moist, clean and healthy, and gives vitality and color to the weak, faded and gray hair. The most popular of toilet articles. SIENNA deposits in apparently inex haustible supply have been discovered near Hoquiam. A FEW FOLKS The eleventh census showed that io a population of 62,622,3.70, there were 7,476,000 persons of African descent. Almost all the Hungarians, Poles, Bohemians and Italians in this coun try have come during the past ten years. The 124 larger cities in this country show a steady and tolerably uniform decrease in the average size of the family. The increase of white population in this country between 1860 and 1880 was 50.67 percent.; that of the colored population 45.44 per cent. In Missouri the proportion of the colored element has steadily dimin ished from 13.20 per cent, in 1850 to 5.61 per cent in 1890. The most densely settled State is Rhode Island, the second is Massachu setts. The former has 318.44 inhabit ants to the square mile, the latter 278.48. Of the immigration 1 movement of the whole world, two-thirds were de voted to the United States, the remain der to South America and Australia. Prior to 1820 the foreign immigra tion to this country was small. It set in directly during and after the Irish famine of 1847, and since then the im migration has been on a scale never before seen in history. Of our population, 32,067,880 are males and 30,554,370 are females. The excess of males is believed to be due to immigration. Under natural condi tions the females are slightly more numerous than the males. Of the total foreign immigration to this country from 1821 to 1890, En gland and Wales furnished 2,430,380; Scotland, 322,823; Ireland, 3,481,074; Germany, 4,508,128; Sweden and Nor way, 925,031; Austria, 434,488; Italy, 388,558; France, 366,436; Russia, 324,492; Switzerland, 171,269; Den mark, 122,617; the Netherlands, 100,- 874. IDwnntlc Life in Enflsaf. Boston Herald: As late as forty years ago an English married woman was, financially speaking, the mere chattel of her husband. She had not the right to control her own income, if she had one, or even to enjoy her own earniugs, if she earned anything. She might have a worthless, drunken, brutal husband, who after ill-treating her for years, might turn up again some evil morning from Norway or. Nicaragua or Newgate and break up the home she had formed for herself and her children during his absence, seize and squander what money she had scraped together, sell her furni ture and then abscond again for an indefinite period. If she bad riches her wealth could not be secured to her without cum brous and costly legal settlements, while a dissipated or heartless husband might wrench from her every penny of interest accruing from her capital. There was no cheap or expeditious laws of divorce which could free her from the matrimonial tie when her life had become intolerable through the cruelty or infidelity of her hus band. She had first to go to the ecclesiastical courts to get a divorce from bed and board, and next a pri vate act of parliament had to be pro cured before the conjugal sbackels could be dissolved. To get a divorce was like walking over broken bottles —you bled at every step. The cheapest divorces cost £I,OOO. A Cosy Week. New York Times. Apropos of upright pianos a scheme for utilizing their backs in the forma tion of a cozy corner was recently seen. The piano was placed be tween the mantle and the win dow, the back toward the fireplace and quite out in the room. The straight back was covered with old gold silk, laid on in straight, length wise folds. A bench or settee, with end arms, but no. back, was drawn across it and provided with a llat seat cushion of old gold corduroy and two pillows covered with the same mater ial. Between piano and fireplace, in a position to throw its rays on the music rack, stood a piano lamp with a shade of old gold chiffon, and at the other end a palm was growing in a jar of dull Japanese effect. When this cozy nook, which was still furthur protected at the opposite side by a " crane pole" por ,: ere swing ing out at an oblique pne e with a door space, was lately intruded upon, there lounged in it a husband with a pipe, and at the piano his wife struck scattering chords and gossiped with him between whiles. Tbe Ureal Injustice of tnlenlim. The evil of labor organization is that it tends, even in separate trades, to subdue the capable, industrious and intelligent minority to the dull, help less, indolent and ignorant majority. The whole object of the latter is to equalize opi>ortunities for employment and to level wages, to deny superior capacity its just regard and compel the industrious and energetic to di vide employment and wages with the idle, the weak, the incompetent. This is bad and unjust enough in single and separate trades. The success of Debs' plan would have extended it over all the labor of the country.— Oregoniaa. A PALACE AFLOAT. Some Facts About the *«•»» Fall Kltcr Ntramrr. The Fall River lino stoamer Crisi-iIU the largest and finest vessel of her cla9s in the world, which recently made a most successful trial trip, cost about $1,500,000, and she can make the run of 181 miles, from New York to Fall River, in eight hours, though the service allows 10 hours' time. Her length is 410 feet, l>eam 01 feet, and tonnage 5,308. It is no wonder that other figures of her equipment are on a grand scale. Her engines, (toilers and attachments, together with water in boilers, weigh 1,702 tons, electric engines and dynamos 112 tons; she carries 85 pounds of steam, and will burn about 50 tons of coal jier trip. She is licensed to carry 1,500 passen gers, and can furnish comfortable sleeping accommodations for that number at all limes, besides a capacity for 35 carloads of freight. Her crew comprises 206 men. Her dining-room seats 210, which number may be in creased to 320. In her equipment are 6,000 sheets, 3,000 pillow cases, 1,- 500 blankets, 2,600 napkins and 2,600 towels. Forty-five miles of wire were necessary toconnect her 1,900 electric lights, besides 16 miles of wire for call bells and signals. It required 6,000 yards of carpet to furnish her saloons and state-rooms. In painting her 109,000 pounds of oil, white lead, turpentine and putty were consumed, while 190,000 sheets of gold leaf were used in gilding her saloons, decks and dining-rooms. HOME HINTS Camphor should not be placed next to furs as it will make the color lighter. Feed caged birds with lettuce, sorrel, plantain and celery top as well as seed. Thick cakes, such as fruit cakes, baking two or three hours, require a very slow oven. The lustre of morocco may be re stored by applying the white of an sgg with a sponge. An apple kept in the cake box will keep moderately rich cake moist if the apple is renewed when withered. Sew a strip of chair webbing two inches wide tightly on the under side of a rug to prevent it from curling up. A table a yard or so in size on stout casters is a help when frying food like griddle cakes, doughnuts or fish. All the things needed, placed on this table, can be trundled near the stove, so saving eteps. The Seal of the Brala. At a certain 5 o'clock tea the other day one dashing creature demanded : " I)o tell me, Mabel, what organ we think with? I know we love with the heart and hear with the ears, but I've entirely forgotten how it is about thoughts." Mabel's pretty face was suspended over the samovar, " Papa says I think with my tongue." "Impossible!" breaks in a college sophomore; "it is done with the mind." "Oh, I know better than th«t!*' frowns the dashing creature. " The mind is what you make up when you want to do things." " The head, then," insists the sopho more, " if you like that any better—the seat of the brain." "Oh, dearie, me!" sighs she at the samovar, " that explains something. I didn't know brains bad a seat. It must be, then, that mine never get up."— New York Recorder. Blsnarch's Best liatkr. Bismarck says: "The value of a good cigar is best understood when it is the last you possess and there is no chance of getting another. At Konig gratz I had only one cigar left in my pocket, which I carefully guarded during the whole of tho battle as a miser guards his treasure. I did not feel justified in using it. I painted in glowing colors the happy hour when I should enjoy it after the victory. But I had miscalculated my chances. A poor dragoon lay helpless, with both arms crushed, murmuring for some thing to refresh him. I felt in my pockets and found that I had only gold, which would be of no use to him. But stay, I had still my cherished cigar. I lighted it for him aud placed it between his teeth. You should have seen the poor fellow's grateful smile. I never enjoyed a cigar so much as that one which I did not smoke." Chewing Uuui and illal dr .Tier. An English woman has made a dis covery which she communicates to u magazine as follows: " I wonder how it is we know nothing of the wonderful American chcwiug gum lis a remedy agaiust seasickness The other day, when crossing the tei rible silver streak, an American lady kindly ottered mo a pieco which she had obtained in New York. It was of a wafery looking con sistency, flavored with pepsin, and it carried me safely over from Dover to Calias with perfect comfort." THE value of a good name was well exemplified the other day, when a man asked oue of our druggists for a bottle of Sarsaparilla. " Whose?" inquired tlie clerk. " Whose? why, Ayer's, of course. Ye don't suppose I'm going to run any risks with Hannah, do ye?" WHOLE NUMBER Pr»«ii|vnl Cashier. A. A ritll.Lit**. i • "MtMiKH Vll •' Trim. !#• it I, t • N>> • JOHN r. oo«KV. » M bOttkV FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF OITMM, tMSHiMTO* A lleneral Bankinir Business Transacted attention |>alil lu l 'itllt'ctliiha. Tela graphic transfi rn uf un lit >. Capital, a loo,eon •arplaa. ..... ,jj,uwi UIHBCTOMS. A. H. M«rl«. I'.JI. Knil, John f. Uu««(. A. It. Ch.mt.sr*, A. A. Phillips, W. M. Lsilu. Geo. !> Shsunon otrmpla, Marrh 18. IsVA TO FARMERS Tim following desirable Farm Machinery Is fur sale AT COST' t Ma. I light Oabarw .Kawrra I ll.Taailt Oabaris llarraw, I l aairt' l.ock-l.r%rr Rakr, STOCK OF HARDWARE Including all kinds of Stoves. ArPOLJ.OXIA HOFFMAN, North side of Fourth street, corner Quince. T. N. FORD, • • GENERAL . . Fire Insurance. lis WM ••■rill Mrm. OLYMPIA, - WASH. - - AGENTS FOR - . Tkr 8n fin oE<i if LmLi. uwti • ■ p.ttl.OOV TW (iirtui Antrum fi. if LmLi. larti - *l.lfl.M Tki iatnm In. fi. if niUMpku. iu.ii • - i.UtMt Tk» FWiii Irani*. ft. if trull?!, writ i.M.N* THE California Wine Co. ■ta MAIN STREET. Would respm-1 fully la form the iltliriia ol <>l> u> pi, inn ihey err iiuur prepared 10 in |>- t>ly the faulty trade «uh PURE WINES A LIQUORS. PARTIAL PRI..E LIST. ~ _ Par Gallon. A 1 Tal>le laret 60c and 75e Riesling (White Wine) 61 00 Port Wine 1 50 Tokay 1 60 Cherry 91 50 Angelina 1 50 California Urape Brandy S 50 Whlaky 3 50, 3 60 and 4 60 All other California wlara at the very Unreal prim. Sample room au<l beer hall attaehed. (loodi delivered lo aay part of the elty free of tharae. J. Et'LLES. July 1. ISM. Manasar. ANDREW BOESL PROPRIETOR OP THE t Opera Exchange 379 Penrth M., Olywyla. DEALER IN FINE WINES, LIQUORS AND CIOARH FRESH BEER ALWAYS ON TAP R. J. PRICKMAN Aitistic+Tailor, —IS HIIOWI.NU A BEAUTIFUL UK OF lOODS, Both itaadard and novel. MAIN ST.. BET. FIFTH AND SIXTH VV'ante(i~SaleHiiicii Local and TravellNf | r PO Tpprowrnt our well known house. Yon 1 need no capital t<l rcprrwiit a rtrm that war rnnta aur»err at«H*k tirat claaa aiul true (o nauie. Work all tkc year. SIUO |*r month to the right man. Apply uutck. atatlng ag«* fe. L, MAY AT CO.. Niritryiti. PUrutt UI M»ata. ST PAUL. MINN This hoiiar Sa rfapntiaiMe April 14. tH HOBART G. HAGIN, AHORNEY fi COUNSELOR A.T LA.AV. Manafrer or lliuiston County Abstract. u t WILLIAMS BLOCK, Olyinpia, Waah., Oct. t'», l&tf. tf WESTSIDE WILL CO., Manufacturer of Rcugh and Dressed Lumber, Sash, Doora. Nrtila. Cement. Mine, Laths, Mi in* lea. Pickets, etc Estimate! Furnished on Mill Wore of all Kindt City Office —Fourth afreet bridge: telephona !fo. 11. Mill— Weil Ul) mpla, telephone No. o.