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VOLUME XXXIV.-XUMBER 38.
WASHINGTON -STANDARD * v~. ? . w"s: i";r F2~A- 37 JOHN MILLER MURPHY, K'htor and Proprietor. Subscription IIHIC*. Per >*«•,«.r, in ad vatic** $2 00 ii not |»ai<l strictiy iti ad vance 2 5C Six mouths, in advance 1 00 AdverliitinK Kates. One square (Inch) per year sl2 00 |H-r quarter 4 00 One square, one Insertion 1 00 Advertising, four squares or upward by the year, at liberal rates. Legal notice* will be charged to the at torney or officer authorizing their inser tion Advertisement sent from a distance and transient notices must he accompan ied bv the cash. Announcements of marriages, births and deaths inserted free. obituary notices, resolutions of respect and other articles which do not possess a general interest will be inserted at one- < ualf the rates for business advertisements GHTSINTASI CARDS. Capital National Bank, OF OLYMPIA, WASH. Capital, ... £IOO,OOO. Surplus, 945,000. President C. J. I.ORD Vice President N. H. OWINtiB Cashier . W. J. FOSTER DIRECTORS. F. R. Brown, Louis Rtttraan, Robt. Fros*, N. 11 Owinga, O. C. White, Geo. A. Bariiea, C. J. Lord. Transact* a general banking business. For gii and domektic exchange bought and sold. leU-pi aphic transfers made on allpriucipal cit ies. Collections a specialty. Olympia. Jau 1,1*94. PATRONIZE THE ACME DRUC STORE, EMPORIUM OF DRUGS AND CHEMICALS, Patent and Proprietary Medicine.. Druggists' Sundries and Stationery THE MOTTO OF THIS HOUSE. ATTENTION AND INTEGRITY," Aaanrea yon aatlafactlon. Special preparationa bare been made for com parading preaoriptlona. MARK A ROSS, Proprietors. T FRED W. CARL YON, JEWELER AND OPTICIAN SILVERWARE, WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY. All kinds of repairing done and warranted. All articles bought engraved upon. Eyas Tested Free of Chars*. U/IIITCn A repreaentatl*. for our If fill I kill Family Tr.as.rjr, the great est book ever offered to the public. A Christmas Present for both old and young. * Our coupon system, which we use in selling this great work, enables each pur chaser to get the book PRKE, so every one purchases. For his first week's work one agent's profit is $168.00. Another $136. A lady has just cleared $l2O for her first week's work. Write for particulars, and if you can bo gin at once send SI.OO for outfit. We give you exclusive territory, and pay large commissions on the sales of sub-agents. Write at once for the agency for your county. Address all communications to BAND, McNALLY Ac CO I, Chicago. R. KINCAID, M. D.. Graduate of Queeu'i Unlveraity, and late Senior Surgeon of tbe h'ieboU's Hospital, Onta 10, Canada. PHYSICIAN, BURGEON AND ACCOUCHEUR erncx. ROOMS AND - • WILLIAMS BLOCK Olvmpla, March 29. 1894. c * HARNED & BATES. UNDERTAKERS AND Funeral Directors. Especial attention Giren to Embalming for Shipment. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. West Fourth St. Telephone No. 7 Olvmuia. Feb. 5.1T04. HONG HAI & CO., DEALERS IN Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods AND DINIRAL MERCHANDISE. Fifth street, between Main and Colombia Clrmpia, Waib. d2U-tf J. C. BATHBUN, Attorney at Law and Justice of the Peace lAO Kearth St., Btwna Mala sad Waihla|ta. CHOICE" RESIDENCE LOTS FOR SALE. March 1,1894. tf THE BIVOUAC MONTKSANO, WASH. J as. A. Kelly, Pro. The best of wines, liquors and cigars con stantly on band. M. A.. ROOT, ATTORNEY f COUNSELOR ■A.T I.AW. Court House Building, Olympia, Wash. ui'-Wtf THE NEW OLYMPIA THEATER For Heat an Rrasoaobla Tanas. Apple to JOHN MiILEK.MURPHY, Manager Mlaslnngton an i> a ti>. , MUSIC OF THE VIOLIN". PECULIARITIES OF A FAMOUS INSTRUMENT A Connoltwur Who lias .Wade u Discovery—Singular I'aclS Which •Wasters of Kcience and .Art Have Not Solved-Letters from Ole Hull ' mid Ktmeni'l. Thirteen miles from New York, on the line of the Northern Railroad of ) New Jersey, in a little hamlet con ' sitting of not more than 20 houses, j lives a man who has found something I which has been sought after for over •100 years. His treasure is merely a sound, or more properly speaking, an appliance the use of which will pro duce a certain quality of sound, the lecret of which the makers of violins from the days of Gaspard di Salo to the present time have been searching. His name is William Henry Brady. The best authorities unite in stat ing that the violin reached its present form about. 1546. Since that time it is acknowledged to bold the first rank among musical instruments not only on account of the beauty and equality of its tone, its variety of expression of light and shade, but alas on account of its ability beneath the touch of a master hand to express the deepest and tenderest emotions. Gaspard di Salo, who from 1550 to 1612 worked with unceasing enthusiasm to bring the instrument to its highest state of perfection, may be called the pioneer in the history of violin making. In his work may be traced the gradual development upon which his followers built their reputations. After him came Andrea Amati, the founder of the Cremonese school, his brother Niccolo, and his sons Antonio and Hieronymus. The name of Guar neri is probably familiar to every pos sessor of a violin throughout the world. Contemporary with Guarneri was the great Antonio Stradivarius, whose fame has been sung alike by poet, artist and musician. Of an ex ample of this greater master's skill Longfellow wrote: A marvel of the lutiat's art, Perfect In each miouteat part. And in Its hollow chamber thus Tbe maker from whose hands it came Had written bis unrivaled name— " Antonlus Stradivarius." These are some of the names re vered by violin lovers, and whose pro ductions are prized not only by musi cians for their musical qualities, but by these connoisseurs wlio love violins for their beauty of form only. There is something almost super natural about a violin. At least that is what violin makers have held from the days of its early development to the present time. It is well known that in comparison to the great num ber of violins turned out by the old masters only a few were considered worthy of being known as products of their skill. It was all on account of a lack of that peculiarly elusive quality of tone which was so necessary to dis tinguish the violin from the " fiddle." The old makers found the same diffi culty to contend with which frets the modern violin builder. Two violins may be made from the same materials and by the same hand, and one will possess all the qualifica tions of a first-class instrument, while the other will be so inferior as to be worthy only of a place in the category of "fiddles." To still further illus trate: A slab of perfectly seasoned < Swiss sycamore may be split in half and one-half taken for the back of one violin and the other half used for ; the back of another instrument. The bellies of the two instruments may be fashioned from opposite halves i of a slab of seasoned Swiss pine. This rule may be followed throughout in the construction of all of the 58 sepa rate parta of the violin. The com pleted instruments may have been calipered to within a hairbreadth of each other and be identical as to form and dimensions, and yet upon the ap plication of the bow one will be found to be worth SSOO and the other $5. One has the tone; the other has not. Why this should be is a secret too profound for scientists or philosophers to fathom. T 1 If- TV 3 • * • fill. . I I found Mr. Brady in his little work shop at Palisades Park, Bergen county. N. J., among hie beloved violins. He was surrounded by instruments of all sorts and conditions, from the common shop fiddle to a delicately modeled and highly prized Cremona. The old Cremona was there to be used as a standard of excellence which would be reached by the cheap violins before they passed from under his magic manipulations. " Sometimes," he said, " I can hard ly realize that it has been left for me to invent the simple device which, had it been known 300 years ago, would have spared the old makers many bitter disappointments. Here it is. It isn't much to look at, is it?" and the old gentleman took up a little piece of metal of peculiar form and weighing less than an ounce troy. It appeared to be made of bell metal, and as he balanced it upon the tips of his fingers and struck it light ly with a pencil it gave out a sound rather like a toy cymbal. " The principle is well known," con tinued the inventor. "It is that of the sounding board of a piano. That was not difficult to think out; but ble<s you, there was a great deal be sides the principle to discover before it could be applied to the violin. "It took years of study to teach me that form had a great deal to do with it. I found that the simple insertion of a sounding board between the belly and back of a violin would increase the volume of tone, but at the sacri fice of its sweetness and purity. This would never do. I worked for five years experimenting with different 1 forms of sounding boards before I be gan to get some of the results sought. I found that one form would add greatly to the power, purity and resonance of the £ and A strings, while the G and D strings were ren dered fiat and screechy. I lost many nights' sleep trying to figure out how to get the best of that obstinate piece of catgut. It is needless to go into particulars further. I subdued that refractory G string at last, and now listen to this." Taking up one of several violins, which, from their freedom from spot or blemish, showed plainly that they had but recently been under the touch of the varnish brush, Mr. Brady screwed the keys one way or another until the instrument was in tune. Then, picking up a bow, he drew it with a sweep of his arm across the strings. The result was magical. It was as if the very air in the little shop quivered in response to the volume of a sound which issued from the violin. Mr. Brady is no mean performer, and his years of experience have taught him a series of exercises which best serve to test the capabilities of the instrument. For five minutes he drew from the violin such sounds as could only have proceeded from a very superior instru ment. By striking the E string with the finger a sound was produced which carried like the sound of a bell and died away with the same reverbatory undulations. Mr. Brady laid it down almost re luctantly as lie said: " If you should tell a hundred musi cians that that fiddle was one of a do/.on which cost me less that sl2 for the lot, not one of them but would laugh in your face. But its the truth. Strung up and varnished, that grade of fiddle sells in the shops for about $3.50, and that is too much for some of them. "Experience has taught me just where to fix the sounding board so that the sound waves as they play back and forth between the belly and back of the violin are caught up by it and magnified and strengthened. The acoustic properties of the instrument are augmented, and the bell metal im parts a softness as well as an added strengtli to the tone. " I am well aware of the prejudice which has long existed against the use of metal in the construction of violins. "Those who profess to be posted will hold up their hands in holy horror at the idea of metal touching the in strument. I shared the piejudice for many years until I found that as the violin itself owed its tone value to its peculiar form, so a metal plate, if of the proper form, was the only mater ial which would give the much de sired Binging quality of tone." Mr. Brady theu played his old Cre mona, and it was impossible to dis tinguish between the two instruments in the matter of power and purity of tone. I went the next day with the old gentleman to a dealer in Maiden Lane, where a SSOO Amati waa for aale. We took along the $2 fiddle and smuggled it into the shop. The dealer took the Amati, which was a well pre served specimen of the great maker's skill, from its envelope of soft silken wrappings and laid it tenderly upon the counter. I asked the " professor" to test the instrument. He did so and drew from It its very heart. Then, picking up tlie $2 fiddle, Mr. Brady played the same exercises which he had used to test the capabilities of the Amati. The dealer listened with open mouthed astonishment until the " professor" had finished. Then he asked to see the fiddle which had not only equalled but in some respects surpassed the valuable Amati, not only in power and resonance, but in sweetness and purity of tone as well. He asked to examine the instru ment, and his astonishment was in creased ten-fold when he found that it belongod to the genus fiddle. Not even the purfiing on the back was real, but was merely a streak of dark paint in imitation of the inlaid wood which is vouchsafed to the most ordi nary make of cheap violins. Through the sound holes he caught the silver glint of the sounding board, but before he could examine it further the " professor" gently took it from him and replaced it in its case. We left the dealer with the dazed, wondering look still upon his face. Mr. Brady has in bis possession something which he prizes next to his wonderful discovery. It is an auto graph letter from Ole Bull, written af ter lie had been persuaded to examine one of Mr. Brady's earlier attempts at improving fiddles. Even then his ef forts were bearing fruit, as was proved by the great Norwegian violinist testi fying that the discovery was remark able and imparled to the commonest fiddle a tone only found in the high grade instruments. Another one of Mr. Brady's treasures is an unsolicited letter from Edward Kemenyi, the great Hungarian violinist and the ac " Hew to the Line, Let the Chips Fall AVhere They May." OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON: FKIDAY EVENING, AUG. 10, 1894. i knowledgcd successor of Ole Bull, i Kemenyi marvels at the discovery and | declares that it will " do away with all fiddles." Mr. Brady has no idea of ever turn ing his discovery to any pecuniary ac count. He seems satisfied to know that he has his treasure safe in his keeping and has repulsed the ad vances made by capitalists who have recently learned of his discovery. To use his own words, ' I have forever done away with ' fiddles,' and that is enough for me." In looking for the beneficial results from the late strike trouble, says the Portland Telegram, the most gratify ing incident was the promptness and earnestness with which ttie masses rallied to the suppqrt of the govern ment. There can be no mistaking the sentiment which has been aroused among the intelligent and patriotic masses of the American people by the conflict between the forces of law and of anarchy. We come out of the con flict more thoroughly a nation than at any time in our history. The sen timent is overwhelming and its ex pression all but universal that, cost what it may, order must be observed, the supremacy of the law vindicated, and the authority of the government upheld. Here and there a discordant uote may be heard, the defiant cry of some anarchist or the wretched plea of some demagogue, but it is drowned in the universal acclaim of approval of the firm stand taken by the Presi dent in the discharge of his duty to uphold the constitution and the laws. It is a striking proof of the unanim ity of public opinion in this respect, that the press, without distinction of party or polities, spoke with one voice in support of the President. The Dem ocratic Governor of Virginia and the Republican Governor of Ohio uttered the same sentiments of loyalty. The Republican Senator from Minnesota, Mr. Davis, and the Democratic Sena tor from Georgia, General Gordon, stood on the floor of the Senate the same day and nude ringing speeches in support of the President's firm pol icy. There was no section or politics in the general rally to the support of the government when it becamo a question between the government and no government. The veteran who wore the gray in the late civil war of fered hia services to fight alongside of the Grand Army veterau in defense of the government. The gravity of the crisis through which the country was passing was universally realized. The Pullman strike and the Debs boy cott were lost sight of. The lbbor is sue was merged in the greater issue that had arisen. It was no longer a question between capital and labor, but between the government and re bellion. It was not a question of work and wages, but of the safety of human life and property,and the maintenance of that peace and good order which are the foundation sfones of all civi lized society. And when it reached this issue the whole body of patriotic American citizens, regardless of wheth er they lived in the North or in the South, rose up as one man and said that the government should be up held. This creation of a national sen timent, and this rallying together of all classes to the flag which floats as the symbol of law and order, is itself compensation for the losses that the country has suffered. Well (• Kitw. To clean your lace curtains, place thenl in a large tub with lukewarm water, into which half a pound of fine ly shaved soap and a little household ammonia have been added, and allow them to soak over night. In the morning wash carefully with your hands and rinse them in a tub of clean, warm water, and then in water containing bluing. After pressing out all the water possible spread your cur tains over sheets on a an un occupied room. When they are al most dry dip them in hot starch and fasten them again to the sheets, pin ning them with pins in such a way that the pattern of the border will be brought out. Open the windows of the room and leave your curtains pinned to the sheets on the floor un til they are perfectly dry, when they will be ready for use. If you want them an ecru shade rinse them in weak coffee instead of bluing. Hot Water (or Uwi. Hot water for cows is the maxim of the French dairy farmer in the depart ment of Finisterre. They claimed to have proved by experiments that when cows drink hot water they produce one-third more milk than when they are refreshed with cold water only. Caution must, of course, be observed in adopting the new system. Avari cious dairymen must beware of scald ing the throats of their cows in their haste to avail themselves of this dis covery, which is vouched for by our consul at Brest. "She proportions, we are told, are half a pail of boiling wa ter and half a pail of cold. LIKE a ship without a rudder is a man or a woman without health and the necessary strength to perform the ordinary duties of life. When the appetite fails, when debility, and a disordered condition of stomach, liver, kidney, and bowels assail you, take Ayer's Sarsaparilla. One ot the Benefits. THE STRIKE OF 1877. MUCH MORE VIOLENT THAN ANY OTHER. Its Victims Numerous-The Loss Xlauy millions of Dollar* lts Consequences Widespread His tory Hepeuts Itself In Nome Par ticulars. People's memories are short. It is common to see the statement that the great railway strike was unprecedent ed, and that the violence and disorder which attended it wore never before equalled. This is all nonsense. All great strikes are accompanied by more or less violence. This is one of their most unfortunate features. This one lias been no exception to the rule, but when the number engaged in it is considered, it makes an exceedingly favorable comparison with other strikes. Indeed it has been quite peaceable in comparison to the big coal strike. Compared to the great railway strike of 1877 it has been a rough frolic. The Springfield Re publican recalls the events of the strike of 1877 as follows: A brief review of the leading events of July, 1877, will duly bear out this claim. The strike of that year began on July 14 on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, and within three days the militia of West Virginia was in the fieldj while within lour days the United States regulars had gone to their assistance. On the 30th the Maryland militia was called out and in a riot in the streets of Baltimore the soldiers killed nine and wounded 20 or 30 more. On the same day the strike burst upon Pittsburg, where the most terrible scenes were to be enacted, in comparison with which nothing in our history can be mentioned. The mob there defied all authority, and on the 21st the sixth division of Pennsyl vania militia arrived to maintain order. Marching through the streets the soldiers were stoned by the mob, aud their answering volleys killed sixteen and wounded many more. The mob then broke into the gun shops and some 5,000 returned fully armed to do battle with the raw and ill-trained militia. The troops retreated to a railroad round-house and tnere the mob, now grown 20,000 strong, at tacked them. Three or four cannons had been obtained, and these the mob trained on the round house. Unable to dislodge the soldiers, whose answer ing shots were occasionally fatal, the mob ran blazing oil cars up against the round-house in the endeavor to set it on fire. These tactics were tried in various ways, the accompaniment be ing a saturnalia of fire and destruction of railroad property wherever it could be found. Finally, the militia were forced to retreat from their furnace like fortress, and, escaping across the Allegheny river, under fire of the rioters, they disbanded in wretched humiliation. The mob was now su preme in Pittsburg. Depots were burned together with 2,000 freight cars and 125 locomotives, and thous ands of the inhabitants gave way to the mad spirit of plunder. Between 18,000,000 and $10,000,000 worth of railroad property was destroyed. The entire militia of Pennsylvania and 400 regulars under General Hancock were at last on the scene, but too late to be of much service. The outbreak at Pittsburg was so extreme that the troubles of that en tire month have come to be known in a general way as the Pitts burg riots; yet, as a matter of fact, the field of disturbance spread over the entire country from New York to San. Francisco. It is impossible to trace the strikes in chronological order or in detail, but mention of some im portant events will suffice to indicate the range of the convulsion. In collision between the militia and mobs at Buffalo and Reading, 12 riot ers were killed and 43 were seriously wounded. In Chicago, on July 26, there was an encounter between the police and the mob more sanguinary than any like encounter during the past few days, in which 19 were killed and many wounded. In St. Louis a great mob surrounded the quarters of the militia and police aud dared them to fire. In San Francisco a huge mob took possession of the city, and on the same day of the Chicago riot a bloody battle took place be tween the rioters and the reorganized vigilante under ex-Governor Coleman, to whose courage was due the preser vation of Nob Hill from fire and plunder. In New York a great meet ing was held to express sympathy with the strikers everywhere, but there was no violent outbreak in that city. At Columbus, ()., a mob forcibly closed all mills and industries, and in many other places through the field of dis turbance all industry came to a stand still. Fully 190,000 men were on strike, and at St. Louis, Chicago, Indianapolis, as well as at Eastern cities, there was a complete embargo on the railroads. Some 6,000 to 7,000 miles of road were at one time or another in the hands of strikers, and to name the companies " tied up" would require much space in this paper. When it was all over—and it passed with the suddenness of a tornado—the militia of nearly a dozen States had been in the field in co-operation with the United Stales army; between 50 and 75 rioters had been killed and I fully 100 wounded in conflict with the soldiery, while the destruction of property all over the country has never been calculated. Following the railroad strike came a miners' strike in which 40,000 laid down their picks, but this was devoid of much violence or bloodshed, although several were killed in a riot at Scran, ton. In comparison with the great in dustrial rebellion of 1877 that of the present year, as thus far developed, seems almost like boys' play. CLEVELAND AS A POLITICIAN. How he first Wei Senator Vorman -A Story by Daniel Manning. When Senator Gorman of Maryland arose in the United States Senate and told of his experience with President Cleveland on the compromise tariff bill there were Democrats who re called the first meeting of the two men, and led the New York Sun to relate this interesting story: It was 10 years ago, almost to a day. Governor Cleveland had just been nominated by the Democratic conven tion at Chicago. Senator Gorman had been made Chairman of the National Democratic Committee. He had never seen Mr. Cleveland. The Mary land statesman had met all of the great Democratic leaders in the na tion. He was the personal friend of Daniel Manning, who probably more than any single man in New York Stale brought about the nomination of Mr. Cleveland at Chicago. Gover nor Cleveland had been formally no tified of his nomination, and the headquarters of the National Demo cratic Committee had been opened in New York City. The story that is now told of the first meeting between Governor Cleveland and Chairman Gorman was told to a Sun reporter by Mr. Manning in the Western National Bank almost immediately after Mr. Manning retired from Mr. Cleveland's cabinet as Secretary of the Treasury. " I do not think 1 shall ever forget the first meeting of Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Gorman," said Mr. Manning. " We all had faith in Cleveland's running abilities, but it was necessary to bring Mr. Gorman and Mr. Cleveland to gether, and I undertook the task. I was then in Albany, but in constant communication with Mr. Gorman. Gorman, as you know, is a cool, suave individual, and Cleveland is like a great big pepper-pod. Cleveland was unaccustomed to the ways of national statesmen, and it was with diffidence one night, just after national head quarters had been opened in New York, that I wrote to Gorman and in vited him to come to Albany as my guest. I told him that I wanted to introduce hint to Governor Cleveland, the candidate of the party, and I well recollect that in my letter I said to Gorman that he would meet a rather ' heady' individual. Well, Gorman came up to Albany two or three nights afterward, and I took him around to see Cleveland. Cleveland was bluff and hearty, and Gorman was as cordial as his cool nature would allow. They began to talk as to the plan of cam paigu. Gorman said very politely: " ' Governor, I have come to see you to ascertain your wishes about the conduct of the campaign.' Oh, bosh,' said the Governor. ' I know nothing of those matters. Run it to suit yourself. You know about affairs of this kind. Do as you think proper.' '"Do you really mean that, Gover nor?' replied Mr. Gorman. 'AmI to use my own judgment, and follow my own discretion?' " Why, certainly,'said the Governor. 'Why not? I don't know anything about such things.' "' Do you really mean what you say, governor?' again inquired Gor man. " Why, certainly,' said the gover nor. "'All right,'said Gorman, and the next morning he went back to New York. "Two or three weeks after this meeting it came to my knowledge that Governor Cleveland had written a document bearing on the campaign, I cannot tell you, for certain reasons, what that document was, but I be lieved it would have an important in fluence, and not a very good one at that. So I wired to Gorman, asking him to come immediately to Albany- He came on a fast train and met me, and I told him of the contents of the campaign document that Governor Cleveland had written. He was as tounded, and he hurried up to see the Governor. At that conversation Gor man asked the governor the nature of the document, reminding him pleas antly at the time of his former words, that he, Gorman, was to run the cam paign. Gorman added that if the document was of any importance, it would do no harm to submit it to the Chairman of the National Committee. " ' All right,' says Cleveland, and he banded out the document, saying, ' What do you think of that, Gor man?" "Gorman read the document over very carefully, and then, without a word, he Hung it into the grate, saying. ' That's what I think of that docu ment.' "It was a little chilly in Albany that night, and there was a fire in the grate, and the document began to burn. Cleveland jumped out of his chair and hopped up and down in his anger, shouting:'No man alive can burn any document of mine. What do you mean, sir?' " ' Why, governor,' said Gorman, as coolly as you please, ' you said I was to run this campaign according to my own discretion. The document that I have just thrown into the lire is about as unwise a manuscript as ever came under my notice.' "Cleveland meantime was tramping about in his rage, but Gorman was as cool as an iceberg. Finally Cleveland began to laugh at himself. He re membered his remark to Gorman on the first interview, and the two men parted friends, but not until Cleve land had told Gorman that he was the coolest sun of a gun he had ever met." If Senator GortJlan could have got hold of the letter Mr. Cleveland sent to Professor Wilson, lie might have found a fire somewhere in Washing ton, even in July. An Fx print re Blonder. Debs was an expensive contingent both to the laboring man and the government. His strike cost the railroads, in logs of business and destruction of prop erty, about $5,312,000. It cost railroad employes, those who struck and thousands who were laid off on account of a strike with which they had no sympathy, about $5,000,- 000. It cost wage-earners forced out of work in industries dependent upon the railroads and other wage-earners who struck in sympathy with the American Railway Union, about sl,- 150,000. It cost the United States govern ment $1,000,000. It cost for the maintenance of State military forces about $750,000. And the Pullman employes, who had lost about $200,000 through their own strike before Debs' organization took up the fight for them, have lost $200,000 more. It was Pullman employes vs. Pull man; then Debs vs. Pullman, Debs vs. railroads, Debs vs. the United States. The total cost of this sympathetic, four part affair is in the neighborhood ef $13,612,000 up to date, aside from the $3,000,000 or $4,000,000 of perish able goods—meat, fruits and the like lost by delay in transit or in conse quence of the refusal of the railroads to accept freight for shipment. To that should be added, if it could only be calculated, the loss to the general business interests of the country, all affected to a greater or less degree by the paralysis of the railroads. Then it cost a number of lives, the wounding of many persons, the im prisonment of many. Work lor Rainy Days. By far too many farmers and their laborers consider the rainy days as se cred to rest and inactivity. The thrif ty, successful farmer however, usually has plenty of indoor work planned for this inclement weather. The harness is to be cleaned and properly oiled, the stable floors are to be mended, tools and wagons repaired, gates made, the compost heap in the basement han dled over, and a hundred other little jobs attended to. The team may need shoeing; if so, let a man take them to the shop. He will do more favors in the future than if kept working on the farm all the time, and these little things show that you have confidence in him. He will fully appreciate the situation, and not find fault if, in the rush of work, late hours sometimes find him in the field, and will look af ter your interest in the proper care of live stock and the attention to details that will make many dollars difference in your favor at the end of the year. The tasks planned for a rainy day should be such as can be done under, or near shelter. In the latter case, the intervals between showers may be utilized. It rarely pays any farmer to work out-doors when it is raining. Wbs Is Benefited most V The Interstate Commerce Commis sion, organized by the Federal govern ment for the purpose of studying rail road statistics, recently completed a re port on their operations in the Uni ted States. It appears that there were 1,890 railroad corporations in the United States during the year ending June 30,1893. They received in that period nearly half a billion and a quarter of dollars. They carried 593,- 5(50,612 passengers over 14,229,101,084 miles and transported 745,119,482 tons of freight a distance of 93,588,111,833 miles. These operations were con ducted on 176,461 miles of railroad. In round numbers 800,000 employes of all grades are supported by these roads, making one person in every ninety of the population of the United States. Accepting the stated capital izations which the companies have reported, it appears that on an invest ment of $10,500,000,000 less than one per cent, of dividends were paid. It is calculated that out of every dollar that was received by the railroad com panies, 75 cents went to their em ployes. IN Germany 89,600 families paid in come taxes on incomes from 150 to 210 pounds sterling a year; 82,400 paid on 210 to 480 pounds, and 26,800 paid on incomes above 480 pounds. PROSPEROUS FARMERS THEY ARE HAPPY OVER PROS PECT OF BIG CROPS. j Better Times Seem to Be at Hand A Better Outlook in tbe Ureal Pa louse Country—Tbe Stock Like wise In Uood Condition. A business man of Portland, wlio lias been traveling through the East ern part of this State, gives a glowing account of the prospects for bounteous crops this season. His trip extended through the wonderful Palouse coun try and as far as Spokane. " The people of Washington are go ing to have a good year of it," said this gentleman to a Telegram reporter a few days ago. " I doubt if many other places in the country will pull through 1894 as well. No communi ties are reviving from business depres sion better than they. In Eastern Washington business of all kinds has been distressed and is considerably so : yet. But it is in the great grain sec tions, from which big crops will be reaped, that times are reviving and the people are Incoming greatly en couraged. " "One thing in the people's favor is that the great body of tliem are not in debt. The merchants tell me that they have refused to trust their custo mers in the hard times, even at the cost of losing a little trade. The farm ers and others have gone through the year without running up a bill with their dealers, aud the result is good for all concerned. With the heavy harvest coming on, the farmers, if they can get any price at all for their products this fall, will be in good shape, for they will not have to be paying last year's bills all this wiDter. The merchants confidently look for ward to a lively fall trade, for the pro ducts of the agricultural districts will do the work. " Naturally, as the price of wheat is low, the farmers want help as cheaply as it can be had, and on the other hand, the laborers want as much for their work as they can get, looking only at the heavy crops and not the price that they will bring. Even if the land owners can get enough out of their crops to cover the expense of cultivating them they will be satisfied, for the times for the past ten months have not been such aa to warrant busi ness men in any line to entertain high hopes about great profits and commer cial prosperity. " During the strike the Palouse country was as effectually cut off from the outside world as if it had been walled in. They lived through it se renely, and were undisturbed by wars or the ceaseless conflict being carried on in the outside world. Harvesting will not begin in that part of the country for nearly a month. I assure you it was comforting to travel through that great agricultural empire, see the numberless fields of grain and hear soil-tillers and the town merchants talking of big crops and coming pros perity. " All the stock ranges are in fine condition, and there is abundant green grass for the herds, of which all appear to be in first-class condition. Gener ally the wool crop, I was informed, was heavy and the outlook was very fair." Comparison of Taxation. In answer to the query, " How does the debt of the United States and the amount of taxation compare, per capita of population, with those of other countries?" the American Econ omist published the following: According to calculations at the census bureau, the debt of the United States amounts to $45 per family of nine persons, or $9 per capita. On a similar basis of calculation, the debt of Germany is S4OO per family of five persons, or SBO per capita; the debt of France is 1381 per family, or $76 per capita; of Great Britain it is $337 per family, or $67.40 per capita. The aver age proportion of customs and inter nal revenue paid by each person in the countries mentioned below during the years 1882 to 1890 was as follows: Australia ... $15.00 Portneal. ... »M« Argentine 13.50 Uernmny ti #9 France 13.90 Austria M.3J Ureal Britain . .. 9.70 Denmark ti-JK Holland 90S Canada ti.uu ll»ly .. . H. 96 Belgium . 5.71 Spain 8.55 United State* kit It will thus be seen that, on the census bureau's basis of calculation,, both the per capita of debt and of rev enue contribution is less in the United States than in any of the other coun tries enumerated. Kates to the >'alr. The rate for admission to tl.e Inter state Fair, which opens at Tacoma, in afew days, have been fixed as follows: Season tickets admitting a lady ami gentleman, $lO. Season ticket, one gentleman, $6. Season ticket, one lady, sl. Children under 7 years of age, and accompanied by pan uts or guardians, free. Children between 7 and 14 years, single admission, 25 cents; season ticket for season, $3. Regular admission, 50 cents. Exhibitors' tickets for their em ployes for the season will be sold at $2. Exhibitors and concessionaires will be admitted free on tickets to lie pro vided, which will contain their photo graphs. Regular admission tickets will !»• I sold to railroad and transportation I companies at 20 per cent, discount. WHOLE NUMBER 1,i!04. ! PreMilcnt, CaMifrr, A. A. PHILLIPS, L. TL ..•! VM,KR. % HP Prrsidcnt, A-.'t •'.►liipr, JOHN F. GOWKY. F.M.I.oHEY FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF 01YMPIA. WASHINGTON. A General Banking Business Transacted Special; attention tml.l to Collection*. Tela graphic transfers of money. Capital, • 1100,01)0 Surplus, ..... 33,000 DIRECTORS. A. IT..Steele, T. M. Reed, John P'. Go*ey, A. H. Clumber*. A. A. Phillips, w. M. Ijidd, Geo. D. Shannon Olympla. Mareli 13.1594. TO FARMERS The following desirable Farm Machinery Is for sale AT COST' 8 No. 4 Light Oaborn mowers 1 H.Tootli Oaborn Harrow, 1 Coatea' Lock-Lever Rake, AND A STOCK OF HARDWARE Including all kinds of Stoves. AFPOLLONIA HOFFMAN, Nortli side of Fourth street, corner Quince. T. N. FORD, • • GENERAL . . Fire Insurance. 113 Wnt Fourth Street. OLYMPIA, - WASH. - - AGENTS FOR - . Tit Sn Firt Offer of loidoi, itMti - . $0,031,000 Hf Surdiu Anwueo fo. of Loidoi, iiwU -21,911,000 Tlo Aatritu In. ft. of PUtklpfa. uorti - . 2,(12.000 TW flnii bivuee ft. of Brooklri, autti - 5.000.000 THE California Wine Do. 225 MAIN STREET. WOLU N < ?"*P*rt' AU T l»'orm thecitlrenaof Ol.vm pla that they are now prepared to iup oly the family trade with PURE WINES « LIQUORS. PARTIAL PRUE LIST. £ Table Claret ?W teWiMl «» Tokay J ::::::::::: \ $ whu > k V a 50.3 60 and 460 c, '" ora| a winca at the very lowest Uooda r°° m * ud •*?' r 1,1,11 attaehed. rharjre. l ° " y " ,rt 'ft of Jal ?'- '**■ '' l M, E n S a' g er. ANDREW BOESL PROPRIETOR OF THE Opera Exchange 679 Fourth St., Olymyla. DEALER IN FINE WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. FRESH BEER ALWAYS OR TAP R. d. PRICKMAN Aitistic+Tailor, —IS SHOWING A— BEAUTIFUL UK OF 6000$, Both atasdard and aoval. MAIN ST.. BET. FIFTH AND SIXTH Wantect-Snlesmeii l.«c«l ■nl Tr«wrllng 'TO represent our well known house. Yon 1 need no capital to represent a rlrm that war rants nur»erv aftH'k flrat clhf« am! true to name. Work all Ike year, flon i Hr month to tlit right man. Apply ouick. statin* ago* I. L. MAY Ato . ! X«r»rrjlfi. Flsriiti lid .Vd*«ri. sr PAUL, MINN This house is responsible April 14.10tnt. m HOBART G. HAGIN, ATTORNEYe COUNSELOR AT LtASW. ; Manager of Tliuiston Cuuntv Abstract. * WILLIAMS BLOC K. | Olympia, Wash., Oct. #, ISM. tf WESTSIOE MILL CO., Mautifacturer of Rcugh and Dressed Lumber, Sash, Ilioors. Nails. Cement l.ime. Laths, Shingles. I'nkets. etc _ Kstimates Furnished on Mill Wora of ill Kinds I City OfTl. e-Fourth street bridge. teVidion# ' No. 11. Mill—West Olympia. telephone No. 5