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VOLUME XXXI V.—XUMBEK 12.
WASHINGTON STANDARD I* t ; IZZZZZ Z7ZZ7 TZZ*7 STOKSS BT JOHN MILLER MURPHY, EJitor an J Proprietor. Hiah.rrlptlon Raira. For year, in advance $2 00 " " 'I not paid strictly in ad vance " 2 5C Six months, in advance 1 00 Ailveril.lng Kate. One si'jUare ilnch) per year 512 00 " " per quarter .. 400 One tn|iiare. one insertion 1 00 v " " soiiseipient insertions.. 50 Adverti-inn, four si,iiares or upward by the year, at lilx-rul rates. Lcnal notices will be charged to the at torney or ollicer authorizing their inser tion Advertisement sent front a distance anil transient notices must be aceompan jtil by the cash. Announcements of marriages, birtln and deatlis inserted free. Obituary notices, resolutions of respect and other articles which do not possess a general interest will be inserted at one half the rates for businessadvertisements giisincss Cards. Capital National Bank, OF OLYMPIA, WASH. Capital, - 0100.000. Surplus |«},«UO. Preaident C. J. LORD Vice ('rexidcnt N. 11. OWINGS Caahier W.J.FOSTER DIRECTORS. F. It. Brown, I .out, B'ttman, Robt. Front. N. 11. Owing*, O. O, White, Geo. A. Barnes, C. J. Lord. Wansact, a general banking bueineaa. For- Kn and doroeatlc exchange bought and aold. relrgiaphic transfera made on all prluelpal cit- Ica. Collection* a specialty. Olympia, Jau I, IStM. PATRONIZE THE ACME DRUG STORE, EMPORIUM OF DRUGS AND CHEMICALS, Patent and Proprietary Medlelnea. Druggists' Sundries and Stationery THE MOTTO OF THIS HOUSE. ATTENTION AND INTEGRITY," Aaanrea yon aatlafidUon. Special preparationa have been made for com pounding preeoriptiona. MARK A ROSS, Proprletora. ( FRED W. CARLTON, JEWELER AND OPTICIAN SILVERWARE, WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY. All kinds of repairing done and warranted. All articlea bought engraved upon. Byes Tested Free of Chard#. y/lUTCn A r, P'""' u " T * for our If UN I Elf I Family Traaaary, the great eat book ever offered to the public. A Chrlatmaa Preaent for both old and young. Our coupon system, which we use in selling this great work, enables each pur chaser to get the book "BKB, so every one purchases. For his first week's work one agent's Drofit is $168.00. Another $136. A lad) has just cleared $l3O for her first week's wors. Write for particulars, and if you cau be gin at once send SI.OO for outfit. We give you exclusive territory, and pay large commissions on the.sales of sub-agents. Write at once for the agency for your county. Address ail communications to RAND, McNALLY * CO I, Cbieair*. R. KINCAID, M. D.. Graduate of Queen'i University, and late Senior Burgeon ef tbe NichoU'a Hospital, Onta to, Canada. PHYSICIAN, BURGEON AND ACCOUCHEUR •rncx. ROOMS AND ■ * WILLIAMS BLOOK> March 29. 1894. HABNED & BATES. UNDERTAKERS AND Funeral Directors. Especial attention Given to Embalming for Shipment. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. Went Fourth Bt. Telephone No. 7 Olrmoia. Feb. 5. IBM. D. 8. B. HENRY. U S. DEPUTY SURVEYOR a.ltd.nr.i With Street, Swan's Addi tion te Olympla, Waih. SURVEYING of all kinds promptly at tended to. The re-establisliinK of old Government lines a specialty. Townaltea surveyed and platted. Railroads located, tnd levels run for drains. Lands exam ined and character reported. Olvinoia. April 18. 1894. J. C. BATHBUN, Attorney at Law and Justice of the Peace IXO Fourth Rt, Baweea Mala and Washlagea. CHOICE RESIDENCE LOTS FOR SALS. March 1,1594. tf WESTSIDE MILL CO., Manufacturer of Bcugh and Dressed Lumber, Sash, Doors, Nails, Cement, Lime. Laths, bhiuKles, Pickets, etc Estimates Furnished on Mill Worn of all Kinds City Office—Fourth street bridge; telephone No. 11. Mill—West Olympla: telephone No. 5. THEBIVOUAC MONTKSANO, WASH. J as. A. Kelly, Pro. The bi it of wiuca, liquors aud |cig.ra con* it.utly ou hand. Mlaslm»*}ton PRESIDENT'S REASONS FOR NOT APPROVING THE SEN ATE TARIFF BILL. While It 1* an Improvement (o Ex luting Condition., II Contain. In con.l.tenrlea and Crudllle. which Ju.llft' the Wit holding ol (11. Signature. The ahsorhing interest felt in the President's action upon the tariff bill, ■nukes his letter to Representative Cateliings a matter of political history. Like all others of the President's acts, it stands by itselh Nobody is respon sible for it but himself, aud it empha sizes that individuality which has al ways characterized the man. The letter in full is as follows: EXECUTIVE MANSION, \ WASHINGTON, Aug. 27,1894. ) lion. T. C. Catehings —Mv DEAU Slit: Since the conversation I had with you and Mr. Clark of Alabama a few days ago in regard to my action upon the Tariff bill, now before me, I have given the subject full and most serious consideration. The result is 1 am more settled than ever in the de termination to allow the bill to become a law without my signature. When the formulation of legislation, which it was hoped would embody Democratic ideas of tariff reform, was lately entered upon by Congress noth ing was further from my anticipation than a result which I could not promptly and enthusiastically in dorse. It is, therefore, with a feeling of the utmost disappointment that I submit to a denial of this privilege. Ido not claim to be better than the masses of my party, nor do I wish to avoid any responsibility which, on account of the passage of this law, I ought to bear as a member of the Democratic organiza tion, neither will I permit myself to be separated from my party to such an extent as might be implied by my veto of tariff legislation which, though dis appointing, is still chargeable to Dem ocratic effort. But there are provis ions in this bill which are in line with honest tariff reform, and it contains inconsistencies and crudities which ought not to appear in tariff laws, or laws of any kind. Besides there were, as you and I well know, incidents ac companying the passage of the bill through Congress which made every sinceie reformer unhappy, while in fluence surrounded it in its later stages and interfered with its final construction which ought not to be recognized or tolerated in Democratic tariff reform councils. And yet, notwithstanding all its vices and all the bad treatment it re ceived at the hands of pretended friends, it presents a vast improve ment to existing conditions. It will certainly lighten many tariff burdens that now rest heavily upon the people. It is not only a barrier against the re turn of mad protection, but it furn ishes a vantage ground from which must be waged further aggressive operations against protected monopoly and Governmental favoritism. I take my place with the rank and file of the Democratic party, who believe in tariff reform and who know what it is; who refuse to accept the results, em bodied in this bill at the close of the war; who are not blinded to the fact that the livery of the Democratic tariff reform has been stolen and worn in the service of Republican protec tion, and who have marked the places where the deadly blight of treason has blasted the councils of the brave in their hour of might. The trustl aud combinations—the communism of pelf—whose machina tions have prevented ue from reaching the succese we deserve, should not be forgotten or forgiven. We shall re cover from our astonishment at their exhibition of power, and if then the question is forced upon us whether they shall submit to the free legislative will of the people's representatives, or shall dictate the laws which the peo ple must obey, we will accept and set tle that issue as one involving the integrity and safety of American in stitutions. I love the true principles of true Democracy, because they are founded on patriotism and upon justice and fairness toward all interests. I am proud of my party organization, be cause it is conservatively sturdy and persistent in the enforcement of its principles. Therefore, I do not des pair of the efforts made by the House of Representatives to supplement the bill already passed by further legisla tion and to have engrafted upon it such modifications as will more nearly meet Democratic hopes and inspira tions. I cannot be mistaken as to the ne cessity of free raw materials as the foundation of logical and sensible tariff reform. The extent to which this is recognized in the legislation al ready secured is one of its encouraging and redeeming features, but it is vexa tious to recall that while free coal and iron ore have been denied, a letter of the Secretary of the Treasury discloses the fact both might have been made free by the annual surrender of only about 1700,000 of unnecessary revenue. I am sure there is a common habit of underestimating the importance of free raw materials in tariff legislation and of regarding them as only related to concessions to be made to our I manufacturers. The truth is their in- fluence is so far-reaching that, if dis regarded, a complete ami beneficent scheme of tariff reform cannot be suc cessfully inaugurated. When we give to our manufacturers free raw materials, we unshackle American enterprise and ingenuity, and these will open the doors of for eign markets to the reception of our wares and give opportunity for the continuous and remunerative employ ment of American labor. With materials cheapened by their freedom from tariff charges the cost of their product must be correspondingly cheapened. Thereupon justice and fairness to the consumer would de mand that the manufacturers be obliged to submit to such a readjust ment and modification of the tariff upon their finished goods as would se cure to the people the benefit of the reduced cost of their manufacture, and shield the consumer against the ex actions of inordinate profits. It will thus be seen that free raw materials and a just and fearless regu lation and reduction of the tariff to meet the changed conditions would carry to every humble home in the land the blessings of increased comfort and cheaper living. The millions of our countrymen who have fought bravely and well for tariff reform should be exhorted to continue the struggle, boldly challenging to open warfare and constantly guarding against treachery and half-heartedness in their camp. Tariff reform will not be settled un til it is honestly and fairly settled in the interest and to the benefit of a patient and long-suffering people Yours very truly, UROVER CLEVELAND. TOM REED'S MUSTACHE. OvtrlMkai by * Ticket Agent to the Disgust of the Ex-Speaker. Washington Foat. Everyone who has ever made a close study of Mr. Reed's characteristics of face has noticed that he nourishes a small mustache. Everything about Mr. Reed is large but the hirsute adornment of his upper lip. Yet the man from Maine is proud of it, like a mother of her puniest offspring. Once upon a time the ex-speaker was taking bis family to a neighboring town, and entered the railroad station to par chase tickets. He pulled out a large bill, paid for his tickets and walked away without taking his change. He had been seated in the train but a short time when the conductor ap proached him. " Did you leave your change at the ticket station?" he asked. Mr. Reed suddenly recollected that he had. " The ticket agent who sold you the tickets," said the conductor, "de scribed* you as a very large man with a smooth face—" "Aud a mustache," put in Mr. Reed. " No," said the conductor," he didn't say anything about a mustache. I guess be didn't see it." Mr. Reed thrust bis recovered change into his pocket with a pout. " Confound it," he said to a member who was listening to the story from his lips the other day," a man has got to be as small as Wilson, of Washing ton, to have anybody notice that he's got a mustache. One Bnvll #f tnc •IflkCs General Manager Brougbton, of the Chicago and Eastern Illinoie Railway Company, has ordered the company's divisional shops at Brazil, Ind., torn down, preparatory to moving them to Momence, 111. A committee of thirty business men called upon Mr. Brougb ton aud requested that the shops be allowed to remain. He answered that he was simply carrying out the in structions ot the company, the city and county authorities having refused the company protection. He bitterly censured the sheriff for appearing on the company's property when ap pealed to for protection wearing the strikers' white ribbon, and when depu ties were asked for, swearing in strikers, who put oil cans filled with emery on the locomotives. He said that when non-union men appeared on the streets, they were assaulted and driven out of the city. He censured the mayor for fining a non-union man for carrying a revolver, when the man's life was threatened, and said the boarding bouses and eating houses bad refused to feed the men, and the company thought it beet to remove the shops. Lalnl Census Bulletin. The latest census bulletin, relating to illiteracy, is one of the most interest ing and instructive that has yet been issued. It shows, generally speaking, that in 1890 there were 6,324,702 per sons in the United States over 10 years of age, or more than 13 per cent, of the total population, who could not read or write. It will sur prise many people to learn that the lowest rate of illiteracy is not in New England, where we might expect to find it, but in what is sometimes derisively termed " The wild and wooly West." The States lying west of the Mississippi River all surpass those upon the Atlantic Coast and of the intermediate region. Nebraska stands at the head of the list, with only 3 per cent, of illiterates, and Kansas, lowa, the Dakotas and Missouri range from that to 7 per cent. " Hew to the Line, Let the Chips Fall Where They May." TAKE TO THE SOIL. There I. Always Work (or the La borer ou Ihe ('arm. Council Kill Ha Noliparcil. If the labor agitators who are stalk ing about the country prating over the dismal future which in their judgment awaits the poorer classes in this land would read some of the suggestions looking to the future of their condi tion it occurs to us they would dis cover laboring men are quite as employment for jjse is to do so for them. 7z. - A workingman wrote a letter to the St. I'aul Pioneer-Press the other day, and, among other excellent things, gave this advice: " The laborer can always find employment at fairly re munerative prices on the farm either working for another or for himself on a small plat of ground which, though it may not be large, will still afford him a living." This is a most sensible suggestion because it is a practical oue. The small farm will at least secure the workingman immunity from any dan ger of starvation. He can always take from the soil, no matter how small the tract above five acres, enough for himself and family and a reasonable amount besides to supply his markets in towns of any reasonable size. A laboring man near Council Bluffs, for example, who owns and operates five or ten acres of land, is assured a com petency besides the gratifying knowl edge that lie is independent, a feeling the workingmen in our cities never ex perience. He is his own master. He comes and he goes whenever he pleases. Labor movements do not disturb him. The professional agitators who tramp about the country urging strikes and political fusions while they pocket the earnings of their listeners in collec tions they take updo not interest him. He cares nothing for such discus sions. He is occupied with his little farm and happy in the thought that from it he will realize enough to meet the wants of himself and children. He solves for himself the problem which perplexes the labor unions of what is labor's proper share of the joint prod uct of labor and capital. For he takes it all. With half the pluck, the close economy, the careful and dili gent husbandry and housewifery with which generations of New England families have been reared on five acres of sterile clay, painfully rescued from the rocks, 10 acres of the rich soil of this section would be a fortune to the laboring man in comparison with the straits to which every season of de pression reduces him in the city. The tillage of 10 acres may not bring great wealth in money, but it will yield to the tiller a richer compensation in the sense of that manly independence and in the cultivation of those sturdy vir tues which are worth much more than money to himself, to his family, and to the State of which he is a citizen. More than this, the tillage of 10 acres of ground would not so occupy his time as to deny him the advan tages of intellectual improvement. He could read the newspapers and en joy them, devour the monthly maga zines and digest them, accompany his family to places of popular resort, and assist it to get out of life some of the luxuries God intended men, women and children should enjoy. In short, the most independent man in the world is the owner of a small farm, with just work enough to keep him busy and time enough left to see and enjoy the good things which surround him. If all our work ingmen would strive to own a five or ten-acre tract and cultivate it, not. many years would roll by until we would be a country of independent farmers, and the occupation of the calamity-howlers would be gone. Workingmen, get a small tract of land within a reasonable distance of this city, and you will never fear that you will want for the necessities of life. THINGS WORTH KNOWINS. Policemen in Austria must under stand telegraphy. Patti has a gold watch only three fourths of an inch in diameter. Over 200,000 postal cards are used every day in the United Btates. In France, Belgium and several other European countries all elections are held on Sunday. Canada's divorces for the past twen ty years have just been figured up and they amount to only 116. The water that pours over the falls of Niagara is washing the rock away at the rate of five yards in four years. There are more artesian wells in California than any other State in the Union. One county claims 457 such wells. According to an electrical engineer, there are good reasons for believing that the friction of rain is the real cause of lightning. It has been figured out that a man who shaves regularly until he is 80 has cut off about thirty-five feet of hair from his face. PACIFIC county is in pretty good shape. It has 833,000 outstanding bonds and 813,000 in warrants. But there iq 825,000 in the treasury and uncollected taxes which make the net debt over resources 83,600. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON: FRIDAY EVENING, SEPT. 7, 1894. TAMING THE OCEAN. WONDERFUL POWER OF OIL OVER THE ANGRY WAVE. The Active Agent (a Oleic Acid, a Discovery made by a Herman In vestigator—A Thin Layer ol This Acid Possesses a Potency Which Is Simply marvelous. New York Sun. The effect of oil in cabling the sur face of a stormy sea, the original dis covery of which was accidental, has of late been the subject of scientific in vestigation, and it is hov possible to choose such oils as are best suited for the purpose, and also to point out the source of their peculiar power o»er the waves. The statistics collected at the bydrographic ollice of the bunau of navigation show, by the reports of sea captains themselves, that many a ves sel had been saved not only fron seri ous injury, but from founderiig, by the use of a few gallons of oil slowly trickled into the sea. The inluence of the oil is frequently descriked in such reports as wonderful, nagical and almost incredible. It is not difficult to sec upon what this calming effect of oil depends, al though the complete explanation of it involves a mathematical process of demonstration. The oil acta like a thin skin drawn over the water, re sisting the tendency of the latter to break into spray under the force of the wind. The danger to a ship from storm waves arises from the breaking of the waves. As long as their sur faces are smooth and their crests un broken the vessel rides them easily and safely. But when they break, and secondary waves are formed, it is quite otherwise. Then the ship plunges into the foaming walls up reared around it, with frame-racking shocks; immense masses of water thunder down upon its deck, sweeping every thing clean, and sometimes even the strongest hulls and the beet sea manship are unable to prevail in the contest. This is the danger that the spreading of oil over the waves re moves. At first sight, it seems almost im possible that a thin oily film resting on the tremendous sea waves could exercise a controlling influence over them. The display of resistless energy made by the breaking waves is so im posing and terrific that one might well believe no power less gigantic than their own could withstand them. The effect of the oil resembles that of the apparently iusignificant force of chem ical combination holding in restraint the explosive energy of gunpowder. It is to German investigators that we owe the discovery of the active agent which enables oil to exercise its calming effect upon the sea. This agent is oleic acid, an ingredient found in lard, olive oil and many other oils. Those oils that possess the largest pro portion of oleic acid are the most ef fective in controlling the waves. It is through its gradual separation from the rest of the oil and its diffusion in the water that oleic acid acts. When a drop of oil rests upon water, the oil flattens out through the effects of its own weight. At the edge of the flat tened disk of oil the oleic acid tends most rapidly to dissolve in the water, and the very act of dissolving evolves energy which causes the oil to spread still farther, thus keeping its edges constantly in contact with water that has not yet become charged with oleic acid. This spreading continues with great rapidity until all of the oleic has been dissolved. Sometimes the layer thus formed does not exceed a twelve-millionth of an inch in thick ness 1 It would not be easy to explain, without entering into technicalities, how the forces involved in the dissolv ing action just described result in a resistance to the rising of wavea. Mathematical considerations prove that such an effect exists, aud it has been shown experimentally that oleic acid spreading over water is capable of arresliug the progress of floating chips driven by the wind, and even of forc ing such ships to move against the direction of the wind. The power of a wave is made up of the combined energy of all of the par ticles of water composing it, but every particle at the surface of the wave is opposed by the force brought into play by the oleic acid, and thus the tendency of the surface of the wave to break is resisted. Of course the for mation of the wave as a whole cannot be prevented by this mere surface re sistance, but the character of the ac tion going on at the surface is con trolled by it, and that is the important thing so far as the safely of ships is concerned. The discovery of the essential part played by oleic acid explains why pe troleum has never been found so effi cient as other oils—olive oil, for in stance, in smoothing waves—for petro leum conlalns a comparatively small proportion of that ingredient. The German investigators would recom mend the use of pure oleic acid except for the fact that it freezes at about 18 degrees above zero and consequently is useless in very cold weather. They have found, however, that a mixture of oleic acid and alcohol remains liquid at only 5 degrees above zero, and they accordingly recommend such a mix ture as being the best wave-calming means yet discovered. Almost any animal or vegetable oil is better than petroleum. Soap water has been found effective, if a soap containing plenty of oleic acid, which all soaps do not contain, is used. WORE BLOOMERS LONG AGO. The Woman Alter Whom Ihe Dre«« Was Named Living In lowa. Not many people know how the name of bloomer came to be applied to the style of woman's dress some times called the divided skirt. Mrs. Amelia Bloomer, after whom the gar ment was christened, resides with her mother in Council Bluffs, their resi dence to-day being the oue in which they took up their abode forty years ago, when Council Bluffs, now a city of 25,000 people, was a somewhat strag gling village of 500 souls. Mrs. Bloomer, says the Chicago Post, now seventy-six years old, carries her years easily, her fifty-four years of married life having been un marred by other than the fleeciest of temporary clouds. It was in 1851 that she began to wear the costume which is now known throughout the English-speaking world as the bloomer. She was then living at Seneca Falls. N. Y„ where she was publishing a temperance paper called The Lily. In addition to being a prohibition advo cate the paper also devoted considerble space to the eubject of woman suffrage. A Mrs. Millor, who in 1851 paid a visit to Seneca Falls, appeared in the bifur cated dress, and Mrs. Bloomer pub lished a description of it. She and Elizabeth Cady Stanton adopted the style and advocated its general adop tion. Mrs. Bloomer wore the costume on several lecture trips, and in this way it became associated with and finally known by her name. By and by Horace Greeley took the subject up and was followed by other editors, the result being that the bifurcated dress became known all over the country as the bloomer. Leeks vs. Leeks. An old hnnter said the other day that when he first went up into Mich igan and Wisconsin where wild leeks abound, he was surprised to find lying at the side of his plate at the table a piece of leek about three or four inches long. He did not understand why it was placed there until he tried the butter, wbieh he found to be al most intolerable from the taste of leeks. He then followed the example of the others and ale the leek, when he found the butter instantly trans ferred into just as delicious butter as he ever tasted. The leeks grow up through the snow, and are the first green thing to be found in the fields and along the streams, and the cows eat them with a relish; with the re sult that the butter mads from their milk is strongly scented, and the dis agreeable taste can only be removed by fighting it with its own weapon, and so leeks are provided for each plate. The custom of overcoming like by like is old as the hills, and was prac ticed by our great grandfathers—or rather great grandmothers—who when their beans came courting after the family repaßt had consisted in part of raw onions, always supplied the swain with a slice of that succulent, but odoriferous, vegetable, to eat, before the maiden would allow him to ap proach within arm's length of herself. If Necessity is the mother of inven tion, surely inclination is the parent of discoveries and devices which will rank with the best efforts of inventive gen ius. * Mew Weapaa. The Skoda gun is a new weapon which is soon to be put in competition with the other machine guns under going trial by a board of naval officers. The invention is singular in many particulars. Its total weight is only 25 pounds, and one man can easily carry it, with a quality of ammuni tion, from place to place. It has but one barrel, which can be regulated for quick or slow firing. The firing is done automatically, the recoil of the breech being employed to load the chamber. The gun can be worked on almost any mount, and for that reason it is equally serviceable on the deck of a ship or boat and in the field. In ac tion it can readily be lifted and car ried from one point to another, owing to its lightness. Six hundred shots can be fired every minute, if desired, or deliberate aim, as is possible with small arms, may be taken. In recent experiments the gun has continued firing for nine minutes, discharging during that time 5,400 cartridges, without becoming too greatly heated. Using smokeless powder, velocities of 1,800 feet per second and a range of 2,500 yards have been developed. The breech mechanism appears to be simple and strong. The parts are few, comparatively, and capable of being easily removed and replaced. A MM Example. Madame Carnot's polite but une quivocal refusal to accept a pension from the French government does her infinite credit. The late President left her in good circumstances and she shows good judgment and a fine sense of honor in preferring to live at her own expense rather than at that of the people. Her course in that re spect reminds us of that of Mrs. Sheri dan, widow of the lamented " Little Phil," who was offered a pension, and who declined to accept it, although she had greater need of it than had some of the widows of American sol diers and statesmen whose names are on the pension rolls by special acts of Congress. HOUSEHOLE RECIPES PLUM MARMALADE. —Rub the plums, after draining, through a sieve or col ander to take out the stones and skins. Add half a pound of sugar for each pint of pulp, boil slowly, stirring well to prevent hn* ,,: -ei «» « omu.ii, thick paste. PICKLED PLUMS.—'TO seven pounds fruit, three pounds sugar, one quart vinegar, one ounce cloves, one ounce cinnamon. Scald vinegar and sugar three mornings in succession, and pour on the fruit. The third morning scald altogether. TOMATO KETCHUP. Eight quarts strained tomatos, six tablespoonfuls black pepper, six tablespoonfuls salt, four tablespoonfuls mustard, one tablespoonful ground cloves, one tablespoon ful yellow ginger, one quart vinegar, one-half cup brown sugar, one tumbler brandy. Boil very slowly, until the quantity is reduced nearly one-half. Put into bottles. CANNED PLUMS. —Prick with a need le to prevent bursting; prepare a syrup, allowing a gill of pure water and a quarter of a pound of sugar to every three quarts of fruit. When the sugar is dissolved and the water blood warm, put in the plums. Heat slowly to a boil. Let them boil five minutes —not fast, or they will break badly, fill up the jars with plums, pour in the scalding syrup until it runs down the sides, and seal. Greengages are very fine put up in this way; also damsons for pies. TOMATO PICKLE. —One gallon sliced tomatoes, the greener the better; salt them in layers, and let them stand over night; in the morning drain them well; slice four large onions; put a layer of tomatoes in the vessel, then a few slices of onion; proceed in this mauner until they are all put in; cut six green peppers very fine and spread over the top; take one tablespoonful black pepper, one table spoonful allspice, two tablespoonfuls cloves, three tablespoonfuls mustard; put in a bag and boil in the vinegar | till the strength is extracted, then put the bag on the top of the pickles, pour on boiling vinegar enough to cover them. Cover the vessel tightly and let it stand three weeks without open ing. ASrsace la Silver. Silver bullion rose 3c per ounce in New York last month. There has been a corresponding advance in Lon don. The cause for the appreciation is generally ascribed to the probable increased wants of China, incident to the war between that country and Japan. China is already in the mar ket for a small loan, and if the war should continue for any length of time, she will need further and larger loans. As silver is the currency of China, the borrowings will naturally be in that metal. This cannot fail to have a favorable effect on the price. This has already been anticipated to some extent. The tendency is still upward. But with this country en tirely out of the market as a buyer since November 1, 1893, the supply has been equal to the demand, not withstanding the closing of a number of silver mines. Confirmation of that view is found in the course of the mar* ket. Last November, after this coun try had stopped buying silver, the price in New York was 68c to 70c. That was about the range for Decem ber. In the first six months this year the range has been 49c to 58} c, being the lowest in March. The range since August Ist has been 62| to 65jc. THE Cowlitz County Republicans have nominated this ticket: For Rep resentative, W. H. Hamm, of Jack sen; County Attorney, E. W. Ross, of Castle Rock; Clerk of the Superior Court, Joseph Smith, of Kalama; Sheriff, A. L. Watson, of Kalama; County Auditor, Walter Lysons, of Kelso; Treasurer, A. L. Stephens, of Cougar Flat; Superintendent of Schools, T. H. Adams, of Carralton; County Assessor, C. D. Mowery, of Woodland; County Surveyor, F. M. Lane, of Kalama; Coroner, Dr. J. C. Darnell, of Kalama; County Commis sioners, H. H. Harvey, I. H. Beighle. D. A. MCBETH was the postmaster at Snohomish until about two years ago, and on Saturday he was brought to Seattle and placed under $750 bonds by United States Commissioner Emery to answer the charge of embezzlemdnt. His arrest was caused on a warrant sworn out by Postoffice Inspector Flint, who alleges that there is a shortage of $lB3 in his accounts. Mr. Mcßeth had no difficulty in furnish ing the required bonde. THE Penniman fruit evaperator, or dered by the Yakima Evaporator Com pany, has arrived, and is now being placed in position. It is thought that the machine will be in readiness for operations this week. It will cost complete, about $1,509, and will have a capacity of five or six tons of prunes per day or ten to twelve tons of apples. This will be the second of these ma chines north of California, the other being at Ashland, Or. A THRILLING TALE. I SHIPWRECKED SAILORS RESORT TO CANNIBALISM. Dying from Cold and Hunger, Mine .Hen are Reecned Juit In Time lo Save (heir Urea. The loss of the whaling ship James Allen, last May, was reported in these columns, but the subsequent sufferings of a portion of the crew, have only came to light through their rescue by the U. 8. Revenue Cutter Bear, on Unman in-. , n. r . n f t | le wrecked bark had proceeded, with a boat's crew, to made the passage under great risk and hardship to Oonalaska for aid. After the captain had left, the ' condition of the crew is thus narrated by one of the survivors: " There wasn't a living thing on the island but gulls," said William An* drews one of the most intelligent of the seamen, " and they were so wild we could not get within shooting dis tance. With the hooks gone we could get no fish, and had to fall back on mussels. We scraped them from the rocks for miles along the beach, boiled them in the pot and drank the soup out of our hats. Meantime we watched and waited for help. The captain said he would be back in nine days and we did our best to keep up. " But the men grew steadily weaker. ( Our feet were frozen, torn and bleed- 1 ing, as the sharp rocks had cut our boots and shoes away. We were con stantly wet from the rain which poured down all the time, during the twenty five days spent on the island there but ( two fine days. We took advantage of the lull in the weather to gather a quantity of grass for beds. Prior to that time we had been sleeping on the damp floor of the cave and were al ways in misery night and day. At last all hands grew so weak that we were unable to hunt for mussels. Our condition deprived us of even that poor food, and we started to eat grass and roots. " Fnrtnnatplv thorn vrta a rloar "fortunately there wan a clear stream near the cave, from which we got a plentiful supply of fresh water. But another danger threatend us. Being too weak to bunt for shellfish we were also too weak to carry fire wood, and were in danger of freezing to death. There were snow capped mountains on the island, and the blasts which blew down from their summits chilled the men through and through. God alone knows what we suffered, for no tongue can ever tell it. Once I crawled down to the beach and picked up a stick of wood about three feet long and no bigger than my arm. Even that light burden was too much of a load for me, and I had to crawl back to the cave for a man to help me bring in the piece. The wood was damp and made more smoke than beat and affected our eyes. I got so blind that I couldn't see Citings a ship's length away. At night I dreamed of splendid dinners I was eating. Great, heaping dishes of good things stood before me and I feasted like a lord. Oh, it was grand and glorious to have a full stomach even in dreams, but it was awful to wake up and find myself gnawing at the grass which formed my bed. "On Monday, June 11, six days af ter the captain left us, but one thing stood between us and death by slow starvation, and that was the body of Austin Gideon, my friend. He had fore, though I tried my beet to sustain given up hope and died the night be him. But he had to go. * " His poor, wasted body lay in the cave among his starving mates, and the temptation was greater than we could stand. We stripped portions of the flesh from the bones, boiled it in the pot and ate it. Famished men can not stop to reason at such times, and the death of Gideon doubtless pre-j vented murder. " Some one would surely have been slain to supply the rest with food. For three days we lived off the corpse of the dead sailor, nine of us equally dividing the horrible food, and there was but little for each, at that. Again starvation threatened us, but as no more of the men had died in the meantime we dug up the body of one of the men who perished on May 20, the day the boat landed on the island. This was on Wednesday, June 13, along about noon. We had secured the body of Joseph Fena, a Portugese boat-steerer, and were preparing a meal when the rescue party arrived. Five minutes before 1 had crept out of the caves to scan the horizon, but could see no sign of a vessel. Sick and almost ready to give up, I crawled back again. Then in a short time I heard the captain's voice outside, and maybe I wasn't happy! My mates heard the welcome sound of the res cuers' voices but were too far gone to meet them. We postponed the din ner in the pot and were at once taken aboard the Bear. " She must have been in eight when I went out to look for her, but. my eyes were so poor that I could see nothing at long range. In short order the boat from the cutter had taken us on board, and everything possible was done to make us comfortable. It was a fearful adventure from beginning to end and I want no more of that kind." IN Siam, until a few years ago, a heavy tax was levied on umbrellas. Every umbrella carrier bad to pay. WHOLE NUMBER 1,8011. President. Caahh r, *• *• PMILMPR. 1.. « O*tram>Kll Vice Prudent, A'k t«'aaliier, JOHN r. ootl'S Y. r M (ink k V FIRST NATIONAL BANK or oinariA. waihimiun. A General Banking Business Transacted u Special; attention i,al<t to t'ollertloua. Tile graphic transfer* of money. Capital, a Ioo,(too Sarplaa, • • - • . p1.V.000 DIRECTOItS. i' o' r.\! p ''"'! T. M- Beed, John r. Uowry. A. H. numbers, A. A. I'hllllpa, W JK. la.ld. Owo •' NAtauuiUi. Olvmnla Uaveh 1 MRS TO FARMERS Th«» nliim ,no Farm Machinery Is for sale AT COST' > Ma. 4 l.lgkl Otkarn Maw era I H>Taaik OaKara Harraw, I Caalea" Lach-I.avar Rake, AND A STOCK OF HARDWARE Including all kinds of Stoves. AUPOLI.OMA HOFFMAN, Nortli side of Fourth street, corner Quince. FISHING TACKLE CmTiwm€i ——o—— HOOKS OF ALL SIZES • • MAD • • • PAINTS OF ALL COLORS at c. B. join's Drq store, coa rorroi AID WASIIXUTON. Umr &!tb KM TIIB California Wine Co. US MAIN rritirr. Would reaped tally lufonu theeltueaeot Otym piu that they in now prepared IU MlD ely UM family trad* with PURE WINES « LIQUORS. PARTIAL PRI.i LIST. PurUallou. At Table Claret MramlTSe Mealing (While Wine) UN Port WTne 1 10 Tekyr. I so [• •» »• Ansellee I 10 California Grape Brandy I so Whisky. 110,1 SO and « SO All other California wlaee at the very In weal price.. Ham pie room and beer hell attached, uooda delivered to aay part of the eltr free of rh f r F* L PULLfat. JuQr I. ISM. Mauser. ANDREW BOEBL rßorßirroH or THK Opera Exchange •T* »eerlh at., aiympia. DKAI.KK IN FIRE WIRES, LIQUORS % AMD CIO-ARB. FRESH BEER ALVATS OH TAP To be Sold 36 Lots, 145 by 60 Feet , WOhln twenty mlnul.-, aelh of the owner of fourth end Mela atoeie, olympla, at ; SSO PER LOT. o ) Also 10 ncr*.«of las.il equally ufrtliw l>.*a.nrw« 1 center of the capital city, at ; oaoo PER ACRE. luqnlre at the WeenipuTo. MTIRUAU. oStr.- Wanted-Sales men Ltcal mm* Travtllai *TO represent our well known bona**. Yon I need no capital to represent a firm thn. war ranta nuraery «t«M-k Oral-elaa* ami true to name. Uark all flar yrar. s!«*> i»rr in.Miiii :o tht right man. Apply «jnffk, stating «gr L lee MAY A CO . IrncrjM, flarnti u4 Mui. ST WAUL, MINM Thla houae la rcapoaa'hl# April 14. I»IM. t* ~ HOBABT o. hag in, ATTORNEYI COUNSELOR AT LAW. Manager of Tlnnston County Abstract. WILLIAM* BLOCK, Olyipala. Was h ., Oct. «. 'MCI. if TUB NKW OLYMPIA THEATER Per Meat ea Rraeeaabla Ttraaa. Apply to JOHN MIILIK|MI'Rf"HY, Meaaaer.