Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XXXV.-NUMBER 3.
STANDARD ISSUED EVERY FRIDAY EVEN.NS BY JOHN MILLER MURPHY, IMitot ami I*r«>i>rictor. Subvert|>tlnn iVr yv.ir, in advance $2 00 M il not |otid strictly in ad vance 2 fit Si* months, in advance 1 uo Advt*ritftinif Hull's One fctjtiare (Inch) per year 512 00 * 4 ** |K?r quarter. 400 One ft4<jiiare,niie insertion 1 00 • 4 " huliMiMjiient insertions.. 5o Advertising, tour squares or upward by tin M ar, at (literal rates. L'Ual notices will IN* charged to the attorney orollicer authorizing their inser tion. Advertisement** sent from a distance, and transient notices must be accoinpan ied hv the cash. Announcements of marriages, births ami deaths inserted tree. Obituary notices, resolutions of respect and other articles which do not possess a general interest will be inserted at one halt the rates for business advertisements. Capital National Bank, OF OLYMPIA, WASH. Capital, - SIOO,OOO. Surplus, $43,000. President C- J. LOKD Vice President N. 11. OWINGS Cashier W. J. FOSTEK DIRECTORS. F. K. Brown, Louis Rcttmau, ltoht, Frost, N. 11. Owiugs, O. C. White, Ceo. A. Barnes C. J. Lord. Transact* a general hanking husjne-8. Fori eigu and domestic exchange bought ami sold Telegraphic transfers made on all priucipa cities. Collections a specialty. Jan 1, IWI PATRONIZE THE AGME DRUGSTORE EMPORIUM FOR DRUGS am, CHEMICALS, Patent and Proprietary Medicine*. Druggists' Sundries and Stationery. THE MOTTO OF THIB HOUSE. "ATTENTION AND INTEGRITY." Assures you Satisfaction. Special preparations have been made for compounding preset iptions. MARR A ROSS, Proprietors. FRED W. CARLYON, JEWELER AND OPTICIAN All kind* of repairing done and warranted. All article* bought engraved upon. Eyes Tested Free of Charge. wiiiTcn A repkeßkntative IT ftII I ELUa for our Family Treosnry. the greatest book ever ottered to the pub lic. A CHRISTMAS PRESENT for both old and young. Our coupon system, which we use in selling this great work, enables each pur chaser to get the book FKKK, SO every one purchases. For his tirst week's work one agent's profit is SI6S. Another $136. A lady has just cleared $l2O for her first week's work. Write for particulars, and if you can begin at once send $1 for outfit. We give you exclusive territory, and pay large commissions on the sales of sub-agents. Write at ouce for the agency for your county. Address all communications to RAND, HcNALLY dc CO I, Chicago. R. KINCAID, M. D.. Graduate of Queen's University, and late Senior Surgeon of the Nicboll'* Hospital, Ont ario, Canada. PHYSICIAN, AND ACCOUCHEUR i • erncr. ROOMS AND " ■ WILLIAMS BLOCK Olvmpla, March 29 1894. O. 8. B. HENRY, U S. DEPUTY SURVEYOR Healdonroi Sixth Street, Swan's Addi tion to Olympic, Wash. SURVEYING of all kinds promptly at tended to. The re-establishing of old Government lines a specialty. Townsites surveyed and platted. Railroads located, and levels run for drains. Lands exam ined and character reported. Olvuioia. April IF. 1894. J. C. BATHBDN, Attorney at Law and Justice of the Peace ISO FOURTH SL, BOWOOA MAIS AAD WASHLAGOA. CHOICE RESIDENCE LOTS FOR SALE. March 1.1804. 11 THEBIVOTJAC MOKTESAKO, WASH. Jas. AT Kelly, Pro The best of wiiie§, liquor* mud ■t»utly ou bund. ______ HOBART G. HAGIN, ATTORNEY I COUNSELOR A.T L-A.W. Manager of Thuiston County Abstract 7 ~ WILLIAMS BLOCK, Wash., Oct. 6,1893. WESTSIOE KILL CO., Manufacturer of Ecugh and Dressed Lumber, Cuth, ltuura, Nuils, Cement, I.iuie, I.athi, Shingles, Picket*, etc. Eitiuialct Furulsned on "(Mill Wora of all Kinds City Office—Fourth street bridge: telephons No. 11. Mill—West Olvwpia; telephone no S WHEN WOMEN RULE. j THE ISLAND OF MINICOY, THE HAVEN OF CONTENT. I llutltuiid* Tuke tin* Wives' Aumes- I lie Kulunee of I'owrr in the Wo men's Hands, Who Hold II Willi a firm liraip. Far ofl' in Oriental seas there is a j little island where women have soinc j thing like their rights. If you have fairly sharp eyes you may find it on the map, a tiny speck lying midway between the Maldivc and I.aceadive groups off the southwest Coast of India. It is called Minicoy. It happened that while sojourning for a short time at Calicut I came across an odicial report of the island which instantly aroused my curiosity. " Every woman of the island," it read, "is dressed in silk. The upperclasses wear red silk and ear-rings of a peculiar fashion, while the Melacheri (lower classes) are restricted to the use of dark striped silk of a coarser quality. Every husband must allow his wife at least one candy (500 pounds) of rice, two silk gowns and two undergarments a year. * * * The women appear in public freely with their heads uncovered and take the lead in almost everything except navigation." Minicoy presents the appearance of a small low island, the tallest palm of which rises scarcely more than a hun dred feet above the sea level. It is about five miles long by four across its widest part, and stands solitary in midocean, without a speck of land to be seen on the north, south, east or west. As we are rowed ashore we pass three large 700-ton schooners. This is the fleet of the island. It is August and the southwest monsoon having lost its terrors, the sailors on board are busily engaged in getting the vessels ready for their regular eight months' voyage. This annual setting out and the annual return in April constitute the two great events of their island life. Turning our eyes shoreward we see congregated about the landing groups of women and girls. Surely enough they are all clad in silken gowns, striped silk most of them, denoting that their wearers are the common people. These gowns reach nearly to the ankles and are made with a hole through which to pass the head. The sleeves are short and in many cases very beautifully embroidered. A couple of inches of white undergar ment show beneath the bottom of these gowns, and the whole attire fits snugly and displays the wearer's charms to perfection. The women are barefooted and bareheaded, and although Mohammedans, they go un veiled, which fact lends color to the belief that these people were at one time Christiana. It appears that women are organ ized separately from the men and each organization is termed a varangi. There are ten of these, each of which is presided over by a head-woman. The male organizations are called at tiris and are in number only nine. In other words, the township is divided into nineteen parts, the women hold ing the controlling balance and run ning things generally. Each varangi and attiris has its own meeting-house, and thus in the town, which extends along the margin of the lagoon for about a mile, there are no less than nineteen public buildings, most of them jauntily decorated in bright colors and finished ofT with something of an elaborate gable end. Here the members meet to transact the business of their division and to perforin the work which brings it its revenue. Each head woman is elected by the voice of her division and has authority over all the females in her varangi and also over the boys up to the age of seven, when they are qualified to enter a community of men. She can call together those under her whenever public services require it. The attiris are conducted in much the same manner, except that their work consists of boat building, carpen try, fishing and other male occupa tions. For eight months of the year, however, their ranks are very thin and feeble, for two-thirds of the male pop ulation are absent during that time, and those who remain are mostly per sons too old, too young, or in some other way unfitted for the perilous and rugged labor of the sea. But even when all are at home the females are largely preponderant, outnumber ing the males by fully a third. One duty of the attiris is to turn out at the alarm of fire. This alarm is sounded from a conch shell with a bit broken off at the apex. Three shrill blasts are the fire signal, and judging from the single one given us as a sample the man must be exceed ingly deaf or very far from town whose ears failed to catch the sound. The relations of the sexes in Mini coy are peculiar, to say the least. In the first place they are monogamous, which for a people of I heir religion is .strange to begin with. Then the wo man is at the head of the house and not the man; indeed, that individual caunts for very little. The house be longs to the woman and all that is in it. Practically the man belongs to the womau,and so satisfactory proves j the result of the arrangement and he |is quite content in his secondary position. The product of his lahor , goes into the family stock and in creases the family substance. lint our most startling discovery was that when a man marries, instead of giving his name to his wife as with us, he takes her name anil drops his ] owir entirely. Thus if Benjamin Smith marries Angelina 15rown he be comes Benjamin Brown, or, if we may unsex him for a moment for illustra* lion, Mrs. Angelina Brown, and all his property passes into the Brown family. So that a family's hopes for the perpetuation of their name, and fortunes are centered in the daughters, not the sons, and the dowry business is also ipiite reversed. Here is a hint for women's rightcrs which, if they can carry out, will emancipate them at a single blow. The great marrying month of the Minicovites is May, shortly after the return of the fleet with their candies of rice, their silks and their silver ornaments, which they bring from Bengal and other trading ports as presents for wives already made or wedding gifts for brides to be. In 1892 there were tifly-three marriages on the island, thirty-seven of which took place in the golden month of May. No marriage is performed with out the girl's consent. To make sure that it is voluntarily given the kazi (priest) sends two mukris (sextons) to obtain the true sentiments of the girl, so that she shall not be forced into a hateful alliance. The Minicovite women, having a firm hand on the domestic strings, use every cffor'Pto keep the family to gether. This they believe to be the foundation stoue of true economy. You may see grandmothers, mothers and daughters with their three genera tions of male counterparts all living peacefully together under the same roof and eating front the common dish. Should the members of the Brown household grow rather too numerous for their quarters the males of the Brown family are aet to work to put up a new house near by, in which the eldest daughter, save the married Angelina, is duly installed and the new branch becomes distinguished from the old by being called the Brown-Smiths. TWIN DEVILS That Help make the President's Life a Harden. These are anothing but pleasant days (or the President of the United States. He is having his troubles and annoyances, his (rials and tribulations, like the remainder of humanity. Not the least of these is rheumatism. The President has had rheumatism in a chrohio form for several years and this sweet atlliction is sometimes spiced with a few tinges of gout. It was a renewed attack of these old ene mies that kept the President away from the last cabinet meeting. He did have a sprained or strained ankle, but that was several days ago, and the injured member has been made all the more rebellious and troublesome by the antics of the rheumatics. Mr. Cleveland's general health is good, bet ter than it has been for two years, and he is in tine shape for the winter's campaign, excepting only the presence of the twin devils in his blood and joints. There are times when the President's temper is none too Sweet, times when he ripes and tears and calls things by their street names. Every Democratic Senator who has seen the President in one of these moods knows that the chief magis trate does, when so inclined, charac terize things and persons by adjec tives which question not only their goodness and worth, but the character of their maternal ancestry. It is generally understood that on these occasions it is not Mr. Cleveland who speaks, but the rheumatism. Only six Tons of It. There are only six tons of platinum commercially in existence; it is indis pensable for glow electric lamps, for no other metal as good an electrical conductor can be fused into glass. Therefore, its price has increased with in recent years many hundred times and threatens to go yet higher. E.ther a substitute conductor will have to be discovered or a new variety of glass made with a coefficient of ex pansion nearer that of ordinary metal. There is a big bonanza here for some inventor. - ♦ -♦ ■ IS THE EARTH IIOLLOWY According to a queer belief in ex istence among the Icelanders, all water which flows towards the north is drawn thitherward by a suction created by the oceans tumbling downward through the hollow which they firmly believe penetrates our globe from pole to pole. Their authority for this curious belief is the " Utama Sage," a semi-sacred work, written early in the fourteenth century. SUBSTITUTE FOR HAT PINS.—A sharp advertiser who offered for a small sum to supply women with a cheap sub stitute for hat pins has been arrested in Boston for misusing the mails. He sent two rubber bauds to each inquirer with the advice: " Sew one end to the hat and fasten the other behind oue of your ears." Hew to the Line, Let tlie Chips Fall "WJiere they JVlay." OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON: FRIDAY EVENING, DEC. 7, 1894. THE RETIRED BURGLAR. A Professional's Vlortlfytiig Kxprr. Inter lii a House In a Country Town, New York Sun. " Once in a country town," said the retired burglar. " I broke into a small but very comfortable-appearing house that I didn't expect very rich returns from, but which 1 thought would pay for the labor. I skirmished around a ' little in the cellar, finding the usual assortment of jams and preserves and thiugs, and on the parlor floor I found about the ordinary run of knick-knacks. The tilings in general were of rattier less value than I had expected to find there, and there was not much of anything worth taking. So I went up stairs and into the front chamber. " I'd scarcely begun on the bureau, and hadn't got the top drawer open, when I beard from the bed a sound very much like a laugh. I thought 1 might be mistaken, for I really didn't see anything to laugh at, anil I should have thought that if there'd been any liody awake iu the bed they'd have been more likely to be alarmed than to think it was funny to see me there. But the next minute I did hear a noise trom the bed ; no laughing now, just a mail's voice, deejj and solid, and no quivering, saying: '"Well!" " It was a good, big voice, but there wasn't any shootin' in it, not just yet, anyway, and I turned my light on him. He was sitting-up in bed, a pretty good-sized, square-shouldered sort of man, and the minute I saw him I knew that I had heard some body trying to keep from laughing and that this was the man. " ' Wait a minute' he said, and there was something in his way of saying it that made me feel that it was all right to wait. He got out of bed aud walked over to the bureau where I was aud took a match out of an iron match-box that was nailed against the window, frame near by and lighted a lamp that stood on the bureau. Then he went across the room to a closet near the door I had come in by, which I sup pose I should have lokooed into myself in the course of time if I hadn't been disturbed. He opened the closet door and reached in and brought out a jimmy, which he stood up against the wall. I wanted to stop him right there, but didn't exactly like to inter rupt, and he reached in again, and this time ho brought out a dark lan tern. He stood that by the jimmy and was reaching in again when I stopped him. "' Don't' I said, and he respected my feelings and stopped and looked at me. I guess we both smiled a little bit then and then I just went away." The Failing of the Horie. A race of world-wide interest will take place in Frauce in June next. It will be open to all builders of carriages propelled by mechanical power, and is calculated to demonstrate the feasi bility of the use of horseless vehicles on country and city roads. The route of the race will be from Paris to Bordeaux and back. Nearly 56,000 francs have already been subscribed for prize-money. Since the rapid development of electricity as a motive force the sub ject of horseless vehicles has been prominent in the minds of scientists. The electric motor has released the horse from the drudgery of street rail way service, and the French promot ers of the race under comment evi dently hope that either steam or electricity will remove the horse from the traces altogether, except for racing purposes. A light built carriage on pneumatic wheels gliding along as noiselessly as the electric launches traversed the lagoons of the World's Fair would bean ideal vehicle. The introduction of motor wagons and carriages would still further re duce the value of the horse, and the price of horses might drop to such an extent that it would not pay to raise them except for racing purposes. The introduction of electricity in the operation of street railways was proba bly the leading cause of the present depressed condition of the horse mar ket. Horses were never cheaper than they are at present, as owners who have no use for them sell them for what they will bring at immediate sale rather than continue the expense of their keeping. FURTHER investigations of the Rosa lia bank robbery show that it had been skillfully planned, and that con siderable work must have been done before the night of the explosion. A good many valuable papers are found to be missing. There is still no clew to the robbers. FUEDINAND Ward, the swindler who wrecked the firm of Ward &. Grant, has received from Gov. Flower letters restoring him to full citizenship. He now holds a responsible position in the office of the Surrogate Court at Geneseo, N. Y. IK old Li Hung Chang is disgraced and disrobed a few more times, he will have to come over as a " mer chant" and start a laundry in Amer ica.— Portland Welcome. SPOKANE'S electric lights are out, pending the settlement of a stubborn contest between the city and the Edison company. HYPNOTIC INFLUENCE THE THREE STAGES OF THE TRANCE DEFINED, Strength of Will and Pudencc Hie Fewer wlilcli Cwuirol—Care Must He Taken—Criminal Hide of the Subject. Despite a very prevalent belief to the contrary, there is nothing of the occult in hynotism. The operator re quires no special power or qualities. A school boy, had he patience, could produce the same phenomena as the most learned scientist. To hypnotize a person it is only necessary to give him something bright to look at, with the suggestion that after a while the eyes will grow very tired, will close, and he will go quietly to sleep. This is the method used by Bernheim, the head of the Uerman School of Hypnotists. He says " the will of the operator has nothing to do with mak ing a subject sleep." On the other hand, Charot, of the French school, claims that the inlluence of the mind is largely responsible lor the subject's ejeep, and that only nervous or hys terical persons may be hvnotized. As Bernheim lus succeeded in hvnotiz ing every one on whom he has had op portunity to experiment, his theory is the one generally accepted. Simply looking at something bright is not all that is necessary to make a person Bleep. No one can be hypno tized against his will. The subject must, therefore, consent to be experi mented upon, and should feel perfect confidence in the person conducting the trial. To obtain the best results, place the subject in au easy chair with instruc tions to arsume the most comfortable position possible. Give him some thing bright—almost anything will do; a cork wrapped in tinfoil answer ing very nicely—and let him look fixedly at this. His gaze should not be removed under any pretext what ever. In the course of a few minutes his eyes will grow very heavy, will close slowly, and a perceptible Mutter ing of the underlid will be noticeable. When this stage is readied the opera tor should give the suggestion to sleep. For this the voice should be low, but perfectly distinct and firm, so as to command obedience. If the suggestion has been properly given the subjects eyes now close and he will sleep more or less profoundly- Suggest, then, that he sleeji soundly until told to awake. He is now in the first stage of the hypnotic trance. Bernheim divides this trance iuto five states, so closely allied that it is almost impossible to distinguish between them. Three stages are all that the ordinary iuves* tigator need notice. First, Lethargy; second, catalepsy; third, Somnambul ism. The cataleptic state is often en tirely absent, unless the patient is told that his muscles are rigid, either in the whole or in part of his body. After sleeping from two to twenty minutes, the subject enters the third stage, that of somnambulism. He will now obey any suggestion made to him; will open his eyes (having Leen first cautioned that, though he does so, he will be still sleep), will walk about and even carry on un animated conversation. He will do whatever he is told to by the hypnotizer. Care must be taken, however in making suggestions to a person hyp notized for the first time. The jwlient is in a state of unusual mental sus ceptibility. He hears and sees, with out realizing, everything that goes on about him. He knows that he is the center of attraction and a feeling of shyness comes over him. He even resists in a measure doing what he is told. It is because of this peculiar sensitiveness of an inexperienced sub ject that a request of any unexpected character will startle him, frequently to such an exent as to cause him to awake. Only trained subjects obey unhesi tatingly every command. By a trained subject is meant one who by frequent bypnolization has become accustomed to the hypnotic state, and submits entirely to the operator's control, his own will having apparently no power whatever of opposition. The more frequently a person is hypnotized, the uore easily lie com plies with the demands made upon him, until, in the course of time, vary ing in length according to the person's susceptibility to outside influences, he becomes what is known in technical language as a " good subject." The most important thing for a person experimenting in hypnotism to learn is the art of awakening a sleeping subject. Here comes in the unexplained phenomena of post hypnotic suggestion, or the carrying out after awaking of a suggestion made while asleep. To awaken a subject by simply bidding him do so is to take chances. Owing to the unusual condition in which the hypnotized person lias been, it is not improbable that he would awaken with a start, possibly having a severe headache and feeling so drowsy that he would insist upon again going to sleep. To avoid this the operator should use some such formula as " I am now about to awake you. You will have no headache or pain of any kind. You will be rested and refreshed from your s!e;p, and will remember noth- ing that happened while you slept. When I count three your eyes will I open and you will be wide awake." If the experimenting is done in the i evening, it is well to add the caution that the patient will sleep well that night. These suggestions given, pro ceed to count three slowly and dis tinctly. At the last word the subject's eyes will open, and 111 the course of a minute or two be will have shaken oil' the feeling of drowsiness still present when the eyes were first unclosed. The field of post-hypnotic sugges tion seems unlimited. A good subject, en rapport with the hypnotizer, will carry out after awaking almost any suggestion which has been made. To a subject recently hypnotized by the writer, the suggestion was given that he knew nothing of the vowels E and I. After awaking he was re quested to write the word " weight." Without hesitation, he wrote " wght." Told that his spelling was wrong, he insisted that it was not, but that the spelling waa a new one, which had been recently adopted. The word "eight" he refused to write, saying that he had forgotten how. Asked to repeat the alphabet, he ran through it very rapidly, omitting the letters specified. He did this much more rapidly than any one else in the com pany, who, in a normal state, at tempted the same feat. In the course of a few minutes the letter "I" came back to his memory, and later still the letter " E." While they were last to him he explained their disappear ance by saying that they had formerly existed, but a man had thrown them away. The subject was a young boy, and there is no doubt, whatever, of his honesty. An equally curious experiment fre quently tried is to tell a subject that upon awakening a certain object will be invisible. If the object chosen is a person.it is well to suggest that they will be neither seen, heard or felt. If this wero not done, the voice or touch of the invisible person might give the subject a severe fright, or even drive him into hysteria. These abnormal conditions of the mind soon fade and disappear of their own accord, as a rule. It is always safest, however, to rehypnotize the subject and restore him to a natural condition by suggestion. The mention of hysteria brings up a point which is well for the novice to remember. Nervous persons often become hysterical when in the hypno tic state. This is caused generally by dreams, pleasant or otherwise; by the sound of laughter, or loud talking. To avoid this give the suggestion to sleep soundly, but not dream. Also to sleep quietly. At the first sign of approaching hysteria suggestion will often severe to quiet the subject. If, however, he refuses to be quieted, and becomes really hysterical, the only course left is to awaken him as quick ly as possible. The hypnotist must at all times re member that he can do anything at a)l with a good subject, if the proper suggestions are given. He should watch the subject closely while hypno tized, and at the least sign of pain or discomfort correct it without delay. The subject will believe implicitly anything he says, and he should al ways insist upon every suggestion made being carried out to the letter. This is too broad a subject to at tempt laying down all the rules which could be catalogued. Experience and observation will readily teach the best method of handling any particular subject. It is well to keep in miud the good which may be done through past hypnotic suggestion. Headache, or, in fact, almost any mild pain or dis comfort will readily yield to its influ ence. By repeated suggestion, day after day, habits may be formed or broken. There is almost no limit to its application. Unfortunately there is a criminal side to hypnotism. In speaking of this Dr. John Alexander who was for years associated with Bernheim, says: " It is impossible to fix a limit to the power of suggestion. In the hypnotic state a person may be made to do any thing, even to committing a crime. I have seen very severe tests of this made, and know that it is so. The ef fect of criminal post-hypnotic sugges tion would depend largely upon the sensitiveness of the subject. I have in miud one whom I hypnotized fre quently and who never failed in any suggestion 1 made to him. His moral standard was very high, yet I am cer tain that had I hypnotized him daily and each time suggested that he steal from the store in which he was em ployed, and bring to me the stolen goods, in the course of time he would have done so. Whether he could have been made to commit a capital ofTense or not, I cannot say." On the subject of mental suggestion he says: " I nni not prepared to say that mental suggestion is impossible. Men whose veracity is above question say they have succeeded in making suggestions by simply thinking intent ly upon the thing to be done. I will say this, however, in all my experience I have never yet obtained what I con sider satisfactory proof of such sugges tion. As for clairvoyance, among many subjects who I have examined, some of them claiming to be clairvoy ant, I have never found one." A HUMAN DYNAMO A Voting ulrl Who In Charged With Electricity. Cincinnatti Enquirer, A case which will excite the medical world came to light in this city yester day, the facts only being obtainable under promise of secrecy as to the physician's name under whose treat ment she has been placed. The patieut is now 18 years of age, ami has lived in the village of Flag Pond, in Union county, Tennesssee. She is the daughter of Peter Samuel son, a blacksmith. From her early childhood sparks Of fire have been seen to emanate from her liair whenever she was in the dark. As she grew to young womauhood the phenomena increased, and in damp weather her companions were heavily charged with electricity and could not let go her hand when she attempted to shake hands with them. It gave her no additionnl strength as in the case of Lulu Hurst, the elec trical wonder of Georgia. In fact, it has been a source of nothing but dis comfort, causing intense headaches, aspecially during rains. When she seizes any article that is a conductor of electricity her entire body is racked with pains like the sticking of many pins. As yet the physician has not been able to deter mine the cause of this extra charge of electricity or any remedy to overcome the trouble. The young lady is very sensitive about being a human dyna mo, and has |>ositively refused to be placed on exhibition at any salary. Life and (est of a Locomotive. The cash value of a locomotive av erages SIO,OOO, and there are now in use on the railroads of the United States about 3.1,000 locomotives, rep resenting a total investment of $350,- 000,000. The Pennsylvania railroad stands at the head of the list with 1,- 625 locomotives. The New York Cen tral is not very far behind with 1,200 locomotives, "he Erie railroad has 664; the Louisville & Nashville, 532; the Union Pacific, 1,066; the Dela ware, Lackawanna & Western, 564; the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, 798; the Chicago & Northwestern, 858; the Northern Pacific. 649; the Baltimore Jk Ohio, 860, and the Atchi son, Topeka & Santa Fe, 1,062. The life of an ordinary locomotive, shining brass,glittering steel, iron and hard wood, is shorter than the life of an individual, and is in three divisions. First, when, bright and new from the machine shop, it is run along the tracks to the round house, Hags flying from the cab and a broom or a horse shoe on the cowcatcher for good luck. The second stage is when, after hav ing been in active use, the outer gloss is dimmed by dripping oil and its beauty grimed by smoke. However carefully tended, however often re paired, and however thoroughly over hauled, a locomotive engine after some period of service becomes, as it were, a second-rate article. It cannot make the long runs which were possible for merly ; it cannot make the high stand ard rate of speed; it cannot be used continally. A fine locomotive, such as " 1199" on the New York Central, becomes so shaken at last that the in tricate machinery seems to get out of gear. A freight locomotive, construct ed for heavier burdens but less speed, is more durable, but ceases finally to be powerful enough for the trains, which get longer and heavier as the equipment of American railroads is improved with heavier rails, iron bridges and trestles, and improved brakes and car couplers. When a lo comotive, passenger or freight, ceases, through use, to belong in the first grade, it conies to be used as an auxil iary. The passenger locomotive for merly in express trains goes to the way train service; the freight loco motive in the freight service on grades where two are required. In some railroads, Jfreiglit locomo tives come at last to be used for sta tion or round-house service—the low est grade of all. Such locomotives " make-up" trains, shift cars to sidings, draw away empty cars, and are em ployed on repair or construction trains. When that point is reached the useful days of a railroad locomo tive are nearly over. What follows is the breaking up of the engine (dis mantling it, it is called) for the old steel and iron it contains. Most rail roads, hoivover, have for terminal or station purposes smaller and cheaper locomotives, specially constructed for that use, and these may easily be dis tinguished by a traveler on account of the little care given them by the en gineer. They are useful and not or namental. FOR every variety and phase of the many diseases which attack the air passages of the head, throat, and lungs, Ayer's Cherry Pectoral will be found a specific. This preparation allays in flammation, controls the disposition to cough, and prevents consumption. PIX;ET SOUND pine lumber advanced in price 50 cents per thousand feet last week. This is the beginning of the total ruin to the lumber industry of this Coa9t that the high-tariff statesmen prophesied. If afflicted willi scalp diseases, hair falling out, and premature baldness, do not use grease or alcoholic prepara tions, but apply Hall's Hair ltcnewer. KNIGHTS OF LABOR. THE ORGANIZATION PASSES ITS FIRST QUARTER. The Anniversary of the giith fit— How It Was Conned—lnteresting Address delivered by liraud .Ylus. ter Workman Sovereign. It was on the 25th of November, 1809, which happened to be the dis appointed by President Grant for the national thanksgiving, that seven gar ment cutters met at the humble borne of Uriah S. Stephens, a member of that craft, in Philadelphia, and by for mal resolution brought into existence what was at one time the greatest labor organization that the new world lias ever seen. All of the seven have gone to their last reward, but their memories are still revered bv tlioi-e who now compose the organization. Some time since the general exicu tive board-called upon all the local and district assemblies to appropriate ly observe the day. But when it was discovered that the anniversary this year fell upon the Sabbath, the origi nal order was recalled and the order was requested to hold its celebrations either Saturday or Monday, as might be most convenient. In an address from Grand Master Sovereign and the executive board, which was read at every meeting throughout the length and breadth of the land, the chiefs of the organiza tion say: '• When the civil war was over and men of the new world (America) be gan to settle back into the peaceful occupations of wealth-producing, they found that a new class of people had been brought into existence in the United States, a class of wealth owners, composed largely of men who had stayed at home during the four years of internal strife and grown rich on government contracts and government necessity. Abraham Lincoln recog nized the danger to the Republic from this class equally as quick as Salmon P. Cbase or Thaddeus Stevens. It was a class of wealthy secreters and wealth accumulators. " Soon also the workers of the country began to realize the existence of this class and also the danger to their liberties and prosperity that lurked in its birth and growth. Out of this realization grew the spirit that made the 25t1» of November, IBG9. an epoch-making day in history of civilization. On that day, nearly twenty-five years ago now, was born a new hope to the republic—a new hope to the working people of the world. For on that day Uriah Stephens and his conferres organized the greatest edu cational instrument ever given to the common people—the Knights of La bor. " What need to rehearse the tre mendous work of that great organiza tion. From its humble origin with the small number of seven men, it grew to millions of members, and untold in fluence for the good to the workers of the world. It blazed a pathway in the woods of ignorance aud taught the lesson of organization and educa tion to the laborers as well as to the millionaires. It has aroused pub lic thought, quickened the public conscience, and defended the public interest when the apathetic interfer ence benumbed tbe world and was leading us on to the barren rocks of class rule and artistocracy. " For twenty-live years the Knights of Labor as an erganization has fought the battles of the lowly and taught them to think and assert their inde pendence. "It in to-day twenty-five years since the first organized local assembly saw the light of day. Though they may have been mistaken, !>oth by leaders and rank and file since then, yet the ' Fatherhood of the (Sod and the Brotherhood of Man' have been the inspiring of all it acts for a quarter of a century, and the battle cry of' The Interest of One the Concern of All,' has penetrated every nook and corner of the civilized world, teaching that broad Christianity which will eventu ally dominate civilzation and develop in man, the most perfect being possi ble in natural life. " All hail the twenty-fifth anniver sary of the Knights of Labor, the greatest organization 011 earth." Patriotism In Japan. Among the reasons for tho almost uninterrupted success of Japan in prosecuting the present war with China is the spirit of sacrifice and generosity exhibited by her people. Voluntary contributions amounting to almost $15,000,000 have been received by the government. Tho Hank of the .Nobility, which has given $1,000,- 000 outright, has also placed $15,000- 000, interest free, at the di.-posal of the authorities. Ihe noblemen and wealthy merchants have been most patriotic, and a numbt r of them have contributed more than $1,000,000 each. Public spirit in China with reference to the unfortunate conllict presents a melancholy contrast. -•♦. . 1 . Fou pity's sake don't growl and grumble because you are troubled with indigestion. No good was ever effect ed by snarling and fretting. He a man (unless you happen to be a woman), and take Aycr's Sarsaparilla, which will relieve you, whether man or wo man. WHOLE M'.MKKR 1.1121. I'rcaidenf, i awln. t. A. A. I'll 11. II |s. |. u • »v|K l.M'l.u > lee !'resident, Aa-'t « mhicr, John r. ihjwky. r. m. uowi y. FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF OLYMPIt, NtsmatTHl. A (i.'iierdl Buiikinu Bu>iness Trjiisar'eJ •Special attention |>hi,| tul'oUfftioii*. T«*l fKrapluc translera mon.-v. Capital, ... •KHI.iMMI Surplu,. ... UA.INKI DIRECTOHS. A. 11. >t* > fl* > . T. M. Kiml. .lolin K Howry A. 11. ClmmlMTh. A A. IMnlllp.. W M IjoM. Uro. |i Slumiiuii Olynipi*. March n, |yii DAILY TIME CARD. ULVMPIt, TACOMA AMI StITTLK till TH 8. WII.IKV NAVIGATION 1.11.S STEAMER MULTNOMAH. LKAVE A Nul V ■ /• :w A ol> m|«i« (l mi p m 10 .50 a .m . I acotnii Ml a m l :oo r m ... St.nl, i: «<i M .I:.*) p m TariiDiM ,t in »• m with >oata for Midtou .n-1 Kami I che. CITY OF ABERDEEN. _ L,AV|C AMK|\ r »:KI A M Seattle 7 'Hi p M 10:00 am ... l.tt-tiniH y .mi a m l'i:oU m Olyni|»ia I «a» r m .i:.k> P .m ........ Turoma % «.i i» m ronnet tiDK' with koata lor Mm Hon and haunl che. I.AMhlJi(i». Cltjr hock. Seattle, Commercial Dock, lacoiua. I'erclval'a hock. Dlympia Fare between Seattle and Tacoma V» centa: TUB California Wine Co. MSIUH STREET, Would respectfully Inform llir rltlarna of ulym I»ia that they art* now prrparrd to aui> ply tlir family traJr with PURE WINES m LIQUORS. i'ARTIAL PRICK LIST. a• T 111 e.l a mutl.m Al Table Claret jo and TV Relating (White Wine) H ~> Portwfiw.... * 5 I okay . _ Bh,,rr r im Angelica .... . | <t California Grape Brandy :! wtiiaky i us. ;| a,. ,„j 4 vi All other California winea al the rery lowrat prieea. sample room and l>err hall altarhed (.nod- delivered u» any part of the rlly tree of '""f-, . J. I'lT.l.kn, Julv I Isw Manager THE SICK HEALED. Hll wean made Strong! If yon are either aiek or del.llllaleil, <lo not be uifH:uurait«d. COMPOUND OXYGEN has wrought m«uy wnutlrrfiii turf* am. km* fivru •trvugtb to many. W« know fhla lu tru« Ihtiu our ow u rxperh-uce of ... y«Hua. ami *»• arv r. ail* to furnUb abuudani i>rooi li I. w«wllt your w hlle to lhr *b»rh y»»u ran do t»v wrUincto ua. Wa will arud yt»u. ftva of rUarifr our book of JUO pairaa with uumvn*a« trail mom ala • ur P rl * , »« t'Nrra nf A-thma Hmi. m . Vs* Un ? 1 : 1 «»"»umpth»B. Nruraltfta. Nrrw.ma » roatratlon. Kkfuuiallam aud oibcr lorma of Uia caaa aud debility Home treatment la arnt oat by nitre**. to (»«• uaed at home, Our great atieveee ha. gitru >l-. vnT'.'.vV.iit ,k *** '* bul wnoliie 1 ? OXYUEN, ato.d dluppolnituent aud loaa of moorv by aei.ttirttf to niELSfV* * f th VS - ,VW e'eeet. Philadelphia. Pa . nan Prau. I-co, 1 al., Toronto. Canada. aulyl To be Sold. j36 Lots, 14.") by 00 Foot Within twenty atlaatra' walkof Ibr corner of ► uurlh and Main atrvela. Olympln. al &50 PERLOT, Alao 10 acrea of land »|aally near the bualar.a renter of the i apital Cltjr, nl PER ACRE. Inquire nl the Watiimaroa Haann.nl> office. R. J. PRICKMAN. Artistic Tailor, IS HIIOWIMi. A BEAUTIFUL UK OF MUDS, Bulk standard and MK|. MAIN ST.. HKT. FIFTH ANI» SIXTH Wanted— Salesmen. I. weal MS Tra» rllag I'O tri-Mwat our well known hon.<- V,.u lined 1.11 tapllal to ri-i>rrsetit a Itils lliat wai rnuia iinr-ery Mih It rtr-t rlas- mot im,- to natit- Wwrk all ikr Itar. ft... ~n month to thr lotht matt. A|>|>l> <iulrk. aiatlun a*. I. I. MtVolio. Sartrrjats. Flarntt ud V*S>a*i. m I'aul Minn Tina house la rrational Me Atoll 14. ttact ta A. P. FITCH, ATTOMNIV-AT Law. |>KA('IICKS In all Courts and V a 1.an.1 I ofll. ra. liooM S 2 AMI ;T Tt KNKU'H BUM K. OLVMPIA. : \V*«H. M. A. ROOT, ATTORNEY K COUNSELOR AT laAW. Court llodho HtiiMiiiK, OlvinniM. 11**11. Nx tjtr KWON6 HONS TICK, LAUNDRY. Washing culled for and d«lm*t*«l. Corner Fifth anil ColutnKu atrvrt*, t»lynii>i t Wan It. k , Tin; M:\V OLYMPIA TIIEATEIt For Kent on Term* A|>f»ljr to JOHN Mil IKK MINIII) Manager Wanted. \\ h I |V«i aata*aiiii'ii t•» i »rfT tun ». Ir 1 libera nthislMiiiß II Olll'iißlt i 111 III' AI I'o « l«ft laud, O