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VOLUME XXXV.-NU3IBER 35.
-WASHINGTON -STANDARD . * - ISSUED EVERY FRIDAY EVENING BY JOHN MILLER MURPHY, K'iitoi aii'l I'ruprietor. Huti.rription Haifa. Per year, in advance $2 00 " •' if not paid strictly in ad vance 2 5C Six months, in advance 1 00 Advfrll>i*K Kate*. One square (Inch) per year sl2 00 " " per quarter 4 00 One s'|uare,one insertion 1 00 " " subsequent insertions.. 50 Advertising, foursquares or upward by tlie year, at liberal rates. Legal notices will tie charged to the attorney or oflicer authorizing their inser tion. Advertisements sent from a distance, and transient notices must tie accompan ied bv tlie cash. Announcements of marriages, births and deaths inserted tree. Obituary notices, resolutions of respect and other articles which do not possess a general interest wii l lie inserted at one half the rates for business advertisements. Capital National Bank, OF OLYMPIA, WASH. Capital, - SIOO,OOO. Surplus, $30,000. I'rcpidmt . .C« J. I.OUI) Vice President N. 11. «>WIN<JS Catihier W.J. FOSTER DIRECTORS. F. R. Brown, Louis Bettman, J. R. Pattieon. N. H. Owiiige, O. C. White, Geo. A. Barnes C. J. Lord. Transacts a general hanking business. For eigu ami domestic exchange bought ami sold Telegraphic transfers made 011 all principal cities. Collections a specialty. Jan 1,1994 FRED W. CARLYON, JEWELER AND OPTICIAN ▲ll kinds of repairing doue and warranted. All articles bought engraved upon. Eye® Teated Ere® of Charge. Uf AIITCn A RKPKESKNTATIVE n AN I tlli for our P«BllyTr»«iMT. the greatest book ever offered to the pub lic. A CHRISTMAS PRESENT for both old and young. Our coupon system, which we use in selling this great work, enables each pur chaser to get the book FRKK, so every one putcbaßes. For his first week's work one agent's profit is $l6B. Another $136. A lady has just cleared $l2O for her first week's work. Write for particulars, and if you can begin at once send $1 for outfit. We give you exclusive territory, and "pay large commissions on the sales of sub-agents. Write at once for the agency for your county. Address all communications to BAND, NcNALLY & CO I, Chicago. THE —i—' STRINGER HOUSE Union Block, East Fourth Street Large and Well-Ventilated NICELY FURNISHED ROOMS. New and easy of access, because on the street car line. Terms, as low as consistent wltb good service. W. M. STRINGER, ITop. Formerly of tht Jefferson Hotel. IN YOUR OWN INTEREST NOTE CAREFULLY Flower, Garden awl Field SEEDS! Of standard varieties, northern grown, nnd TESTED w Without the trouble or delsy of sending away. MARR & ROSS, Acme Drug Store. Corner Main and Sixth streets can supply all your wauta in*tbat line st eastern prices. vH R. J. PRICKMAN, Artistic Tailor, IS SHOWING A BEAUTIFUL LINE OF 800DS, Both standard and novel. MAIN ST.. BET. FIFTH AND SIXTH HOBART O. HAGIN, ATTORNEY I COUNSELOR Manager of Thmston Co. Abstract Co., WILLIAMS BLOCK, Olympia, Wash., Oct. 6, 1894, tf THE BIVOUAC MONTESANO, WASH. J as. A. Kelly, Pro The best of wines, liquors sad cig«rs con stantly on hand. M. *A. ROOT, ATTORNEY £ COUNSELOR AT LAW. Court House Building, Olympia,Wash. n9J-94tf FITCH &. CAMPBELL, ATTORNEVB"AT-LAW. IyRACTICE in all Conrta and U. 18. Land 1 office.. ROOMS 6 AND 7 CHII.BERG BLOCK. J ■ IBH ' THE NEW OLYMPIA THEATER For Rent on Reasonable Terms, apply to JOHN MUAJBMPRPHT^ Ml a slu'i a t on Sta n <) a t b '8 B*3 AERIAL NAVIGATION. THE EXPERIENCE OF A PRESS REPORTER. A Hide on Slyer*' Flying Blcycle- A Halloon Tlial I* Dirlgriil, to Koine Kxteut—l'sea lo Which It Slay be I'm. A reporter took a ride through the air recently on the flying machine or air bicycle invented by Carl Myers. | Mr. Myers lives at Frankfort, Herki | mer county, N. Y. t in the beautiful Mohawk valley. He has done much good work for the weather bureau of the United States by means of scien titically conducted balloon asceusious, both with passengers and without, and has made it possible to obtain import ant data as to atmospheric densities and dryness, wind curents, and other elements over valleys and plains, says the New York Sun. Mr. Myers met the reporter at the station, drove him up to the house, and speedily intro duced him to the air bicycle. The machine is like the toy bal loons one buys at the dry goods stores for children, which will not rise by themselves, but blow under them and up they go. The entire weight of this machine is about fifteen pounds. The hydrogen is made from water by a patent process of Mr. Myers, and its purpose is simply to counteract the weight of the rider. There is no rud der. To rise it is only necessary to lean backward and work the pedals; to descend one leans slightly forward; to turn to the right or left one leans in the direction desired. In short, it is like riding a bicycle, except that there is no front wheel to turn. Two of the machines were on the lawn, and, after fully explaining them, Mr. Myers jumped on one—or, rather' he stepped acrots the frame as it lay balanced on two trestles—and drew the saddle tight up to bis body by means of the handles. Then he gave a spring in the air, and, as the bicycle rose six or eight feet, he leaned back slightly, worked the pedals,and steadi ly rose to about forty feet. Then he circled round the lawn and house, finally reluming to where the reporter stood and descended at bis side. "Do you understand the working?" he asked. " Then get astride and try it yourself. Don't jerk when you spring upward; go very slowly, and don't be in a hurry about your feet. There is plenty of time, and if not quick enough you will simply laud on your feet and be ready to try again. I'll follow you as soon as you are up?" It looked easy euough, aud the re porter did as he was told. He gave the required spring and went up, light as a feather. " Take your lime," came from be low. " Quietly now; lean back a little! Here I come," and in another minute Mr. Myers was alongside, about twenty feet away. Rising to a height of about fifty feet the two circled around awhile, until the re porter was as much at home as if on a wheel on the road, the only curious sensation being that of a very power ful wind blowing right past his face without touching it. This was caused by the helix blowing into the inverted boat above. " Now, come along," said Myets, "and I'll show you the country." Up the two went nearly a hundred feet, with a feeling of perfect security. The ground from which they rose is on high ground and is covered with timber, standing in the center of the beautiful Mohawk valley. Down the hill twisted the gray, snake-like road, in and out, round clumps of trees, open fields and berry patches, until it was lost in the thicker timber a mile or so away. Six or seven hundred yards off ran the broad river, its banks washed away by the swift spring freshets, clean cut as a cameo, and further on were the smoky chimneys of the great West Shore railroad shops, the stroke and cUnging of whose ham mers could be heard up above the trees, although on the ground they had been inaudible. The trees were clothed in the dazzling green of the first days of the spring, and the tops spread out like a vast green carpet dotted here and there with the dog wood or other blooms. The pattern constantly changed, like a kaleido scope, as the light wind swayed the branches to and fro. A most curious thing was the foreshortening of the trunks, which were scarcely percepti ble, and formed a light groundwork to the upper green like the lower stratum of a Wilton carpet. The machines were under perfect control, and even the slight head wind had no effect. Mr. Myers said a head wind up to ten or twelve miles an hour was an advantage as far as labor or speed was concerned. Owing to the backward tilt of the spindle the head wind rushed underneath, forcing it upward instead of backward only. This is easily understood when in the saddle, but perhaps is rather mystify ing to any but au aerial expert. Finding that the reporter was con tent with his achievements, and would not go higher, Mr. Myers cried " Good by" and ascended to about 1,000 feet, j it seemed, in a few minutes, circling round and round the valley, eventual- I ly descending and rejoining the repor- I icr at the lower elevation. «\ year ago," he said, " I had a man here to try one of these ma- chines, and an accident happened that allows how very safe they are. When I left him, as I just now did you, he | struck across the river for the house, and while over the water felt a slight snaj) and saw that the bicycle was de scending instead of rising. One of the tiny nuts at the rear stay had ' worked loose, and this set the rear o' the spindle free, and he could not rise, j Calling to me, he did all he could, and i struggled to the bank over there by j the cut, but found that they had just fired the brush, and there was no place for him to land. While he was making up his mind to drop into the river, 1 came along behind, saw what was wrong, caught hold of the loose rod and the horizontal support, anil working my own machine, had him lean right back on his, and so passed high and safe above the flame and smoke. You never saw a man so tickled with anything. It is almost impossible to have nn accident if you don't throw yourself off. " The bicycle is not yet perfected, although, with patent varnishes, new cloths and new styles of goring them, I have produced balloons which will last for years instead of months. My aim is to provide a suitable motor to drive it. Then it will be a machine indeed! You remember that in the Franco-Prussian war balloons were used for spying purposes and the con veying of letters, and that the Prus sians had to make special guns with which to shoot at them? Do you re member that only one or two of the balloons were ever hit, although they were totally at the mercy of the wind currents? " Well, suppose I get a motor for the bicycle, and, coming from ten miles away at an altitude of 2,000 feet, d > you think anything in the shape of a gun would be likely to hit me? Sup pose, too, that I sail over a fleet or an army with half a dozen dynamite cartridges hung on to the horizontal shaft, properly weighted, to drop and strike the ground with the business end; suppose one or two are cut loose by me at that height, what would happen? The air bicycle is capable of such work, as well as carrying a life line to a wrecked ship, or a thousand other things." BIG CROPS COMING. GraaarUi Will Be Full and Far mers* Packets Heavy, Crop reports received from all over Eastern Washington are of the most encouraging kind and indications are that if the weather continues as favor able during the present month as it has been the fore part of the season the crop this fall will be the largest ever harvested in the State. Grain men who have traversed the wheat fields throughout the Palouse, the Big Bend and Walla Walla dis tricts say that the stand of wheat was never more even nor presented a more fine or healthy appearance than is to be seen this summer and if all signs do not fail the granaries in the fall will be overflowing with the golden grain. The farmers have all taken on a hopeful feeling and in anticipation of a good price for wheat they look forward to a season of prosperity when they can pay up all old debts and have something left over to live on. Fall wheat has all headed out and is past the danger point where the elements can affect it. Spring grain is now mostly up to the height of the second joint and will commence to head out along the latter part of this month. The only thing the farmers have to fear is that hot, dry winds might pre vail, but this is not likely as ihe weather thus far has never been more favorable and from all indications suf ficient moisture will prevail to insure the safety of the growing crops. D* Y.u Surf.". That you would be really happy if you bad everything you waul? That men really believe one-half of the " smart" things they write about woman? That an education of heart and mind makes a woman any the less a good housekeeper? That any two mothers will ever have the same ideas about the bring ing up of children? That a taste for neatness, tidiness, and general snugness lessen one's taste for things intellectual? That this world was made for your special benefit? That it really is so much harder to say the pleasant thing than the disa greeable one? That the world would be as wicked as it is, if Saten was as indolent in doing evil as many Christians are in doing good? That our professions will help us much if our lives do not come up to them? That we can give money to the Lord acceptably, while our legal debts remain unpaid? That the average man will know what to do when the millennium comes? OHIO is not by any means the largest State, but it has more farms than any other State of the Union. It has 253,246, and Illinois comes next, with 253,958. A FINK elk was seen quietly grazing with a band of cattle near Elma, not long ago. Hia elkahip was killed the next day by Elma hunters. LTeA\ to tlie Line. Let tlie Clirps Fall Where tliey NTtiy." OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON: FRIDAY EVENING, JULY Ift, 1895. A CHRIST-LIKE VIEW. TOLERATION THE GROUNDWORK OF TRUE FAITH. The Present Crntadr i« >oi In Ac cord Willi tlir Principle* of Our Knilonul I'oiislilutloii and In Conflict Willi Cliristluu Preccpl. li:v. Leslie \V. Spraguc, in the Christian Rryuter says: I would give a word of interpreta tion and a word of warning. The anti-Catholic sentiment grows apace throughout the country. Its explana tions, us well as its dangers, are found in natural antipathies. There is a peculiar law of evolution known as the law of differentiation. It is part ly by this law that species are formed. First variation comes in; and the at traction of like varieties forms a class, . differing perhaps but slightly from other classes. Very soon a race feel ing grows up; and, as the Jew and .Samaritan will not wed, so the child ren of the same ancestry, whether fish or fowl or mammal, will not mate This is perhaps the most law in the evoltion of species. Now, the same law is active in hu man society. Let the individuals of society form into two different groups, whether on intellectual or moral or a-sthetic or industrial 'grounds, and very soon there grows up a class feel ing. It is England and her colonies, the war of the Revolution standing as the culmination of class antipathy. If you have ever seen a church divide, and become two churches, you have seeu the same process nearer home, perhaps. This is exactly what has taken place in the division of the Christian world into Protestant and Catholic; in fact, in all the subdivisions of the Protest ant world. It was all one religious blood. There were many varieties, but all were in one family. Then the law of differentiation set in, and each class went its own way. This may be a very potent factor in the evolu tion of species, but it is not very con ducive to brotherly love nor to the best civilization. The question is, whether we want religious and social species or wtiether we want a loving, earnest and just humanity. If species are wanted, this method of race feel ing and class feeling will surely pro duce them. If it is a better general humanity that is wanted, some other law must be brought into prominence. We might carry our parallel further, and say that the Catholics and the Protestants have carried their class feeling even to the warfare of species, where each will live on the life of the other or on the food needed to support the other's life. So we see the wrang ling over political spoils, over school funds and the like. And, if the signs of the times are at all to be trusted, this battle is rapidly entering the in dustrial world. It is said one pledge in the membership oath of the A. P. A. is that the candidate will not em ploy a Catholic if he can engage a Protestant to do the same work. It is lime in a country that boasts its democracy, that founds its theories of government and of industry on the equality of man, in a country that has welcomed to its shores, and still welcomes, all peoples, regardless of their religion or previous condition— it is time that such a feeling as this should be outgrown. Such a feeling is unjust. It is a remnant of the old caste feeling. It used to be said that, because a man's name happened be So-and-so, he could not enjoy the highest society or privileges. Now it is said that a man's ancestral religion unfits him for the world's confidence. It is unjust to class all Catholics as scoundrels. It is no more just as Dr. Gladden says, to claim that present Catholics are to blame for the conduct of the church in the past than it is to accuse Jews of to-day with crucifying Christ. Whatever may be the attitude of the Catholic Church toward our institu tions, it does not follow that alt who are by birth or training Catholics as sume the same attitude. Much less does it follow that all Protestants are trustworthy. This antagonism is not in conformity with justice, because each man lives or dies on his own merits in a republic like ours. It is not only unjust, it is un-American, and violates the spirit as well as the letter of our National Constitution. This is not a theocracy nor an anti theocracy, but a civil and secular government. Citizenship and office holding are specifically conditioned on no religion or race. Whoever, therefore, pledges himself to keep Catholics out of office is pledging him self against his vows of citizenship. The Federal Constitution also grants the right of every man to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness so that whosoever shall condition industrial position on religious faith is trespassing upon the spirit of the Constitution. Because this is unjust and un- American, it is dangerous. Take it for granted that Catholics are all the most rabid anti-Catholic claims they are, that they plot and plan to secure our government, that they are "clan nish" and help their own at the ex pense of Protestants; grant that the danger is all that the A. P. A. claim it is, which I would not grant except for argument, but granting it, —is this boybott and persecution deßtined to bring about peace and abetter state of afljirs? Have we not beard some- thing in our Christian teaching about the way of treating evil? Will it help the matter very much lo necessitate tlie wrath of the Catholic, and to im bitter him still more against our citi zenship? Will unfairness make him more fair? and un-Americanism—a return to feudalism—make him more American, more republican? This growing animosity is the most dangerous sign of our times. The secular State is threatened not more by the papacy than by the well meant but most inconsiderate anti papacy. God grant that the issues of our American civilization may be fought out on other grounds than the religious. We have had a confusion of Church and State too long. The is sues of too many nations have been theological. There is great danger that the coming issues of America shall be ecclesiastical rather than economic or moral. What difference is there whether the controversy is between Christian and Turk or between Catholic and anti-Catholic ? Is it not a religious controversy ? Are not the great parties ecclesiastical enemies ? To the careful eye the situation is dangerous. There is a balancing of industrial parties. Each is seeking in every way to enhance its power. Here comes to the scene a new issue. One party will bid the Catholic vote, another for the A. P. A. All industrial issues are submerged in this balance of power; and soon, unless the tide is slayeyd, we shall drift into two great political parties whose animus and purpose will be to foster their own ends. That would be Church and State with a vengeance. No! Let American citizenship awake to its senses, and stop this class feeling be fore it is too late. Let our partisan issues be moral and economic, not theological or ecclesiastical. The Catholic hierachy is undoubtedly treacherous. The ignorance of the great Catholic population is dangerous. But that is not the way to meet it. While this kind of battie is being fought, a great world is being lost. A wiser policy would be for Americans and Protestants to strengthen and purify the republican government, to see that rascals and robbers are kept out of power, whether they be Catho lic or Protestant. A wiser method would be to appoint good men for of fice, men competent to fill the places, and men of worth, and thus dignify the office. A wiser method would be to curtail the party power by cutting down the " spoils system," so that, if Patrick should happen to be elected alderman, every street-cleaner and contractor and jobber would not for that term of office be named " Pat." Wiser far would it be to labor to base all appointments on worth as a work er, not as a beer-drinker or church attendant. While the anti-Catholic may be having his nightmare dream about Catholic gunpowder and papal invasion, and while this country is waiting with fear lest the whole Prot ant population is to be massacred, while this awful dream grows among men, the real enemy advances apace. Our street-cleaners are no greater rob bers than our railway magnates; and, if the one is Celtic, the other is most likely Anglo-Saxon. The Vatican be stirs itself no more vigorously than the brewery at our election places; and it is not Rome that receives, it is her subjects that largely pay, the tribute of the dram. For one, I can not see a great moral difference, either in result or danger, between the col lege of bishops planning to seize part of the school tax to teach their cate chism with and a company of respect able American citizens elected to a school board because of their political affiliations, and then using their posi tions, not for the welfare of the schools or for the children who are to be taught, but for their own private ends by the method of patronage. There is a wide difference between patronage and patriotism, and to work out that issue is much more worthy and much more imperative than to work up a feud between Catholic and Protestant. Instead of pouring energies into anti-Catholic organizations, let the earnest, conscientious, consecrated cit izens form themselves into civic leagues which shall be non-partisan, non-religious, but whose work shall be to see to it that corruption be checked, and that government is in the hands of wise representatives, and exercised for the welfare of all the people. A Good Report. Boston Budget. It was a Tennessee Methodist class leader who had before him a six months' probationer whom he was questioning for admission to all the privileges of the church. "Well, Sambo," said the class leader, " I hope you are prepared to lead a Christian life in accordance with your profession. Have you stolen any chickens during the last six months?" " No, salt! I done stole no chick ens." " Have you stolen any turkeys or pigs?" Samto looked grieved, " No, sah!" "I am very glad to hear this good report," contiuued the class-leader, " and I trust you will continue to live an honest Christian life." A'ter church Sambo hurried home with his wife, who had overheard the catechising. When they were fairly out of everybody's hearing he drew a long breath of relief and turned a self approving glance to his better half. " Golly," he said, in a half-cautious whisper, "ef he'd er said ducks I'd be'n a lost niggah, suah." .• ♦ • Vaslion Island. Post Intellinuer. Lying between Seattle and Tacoma and washed by the waters of Puget Sound, Vashon island, with its 22,000 acres of fertile soil and a climate which is tempered by the sea surrounding it will certainly in course of time become one of the most valuable regions in the Northwest. From the Sound the island appears to be much broken by ravines, but an examination of the inleiior shows that it contains large areas that are level. It is said that of the whole area of the island not 2,000 acres are unfit for cultivation. It is well watered and some of the valleys are exceptionally fertile. When the island has been cleared the view from all parts of it will be unsurpassed, for the Cascade and Olympic ranges will be in full sight from all but those por tion which lie close to the water. The adaptability of the island for fruit culture is well known, the season be ing somewhat earlier than on the mainland. It is needless to say that grasses and clover thrive and that the island may become in time quite noted as.a dairying section. Owing to the favorable conditions it is liberal to es timate upon farms averaging not more than twenty acres, which means that fully a thousand farms can be located on this island. With higher cultiva tion than is now practiced this average area could be reduced. It is probably not unreasonable to estimate that 1500 fruit and dairy farms can be located here. This reference to Vashon island is made for the purpose of draw ing attention to the great resources of the Sound country. The island of Jersey, which lies in the British channel and has given its name to a special breed of cattle, has an area of 28,717 acres. Its resident population is 56,000 and it has a visit ing population every summer of 60,- 000. It is the home of much wealth, culture and refinement. We may not expect the conditions existing in the island of Jersey to be reproduced on any of the islands of the Pacific North west for many years to come. Time is needed for the development of such conditions as exist in Jersey. There are tracts of gravelly land on Vashon island and other places in Western Washington which in time will be picked over to get rid of the larger stones and will be enriched by plough ing in clover, so that areas now re garded as of comparatively little value will be made as productive as the rich est soil now available. But long before this stage has been reached we will see all along the Sound country long stretches of highly cultivated farms and homesteads, showing that they are centers of thrift and refinement. Unly those who have gone out into the country to see it for themselves can form any conception of the agricultural and horticultural possibilities of the islands and mainland of Puget Sound. A W»«d«u-Lc(fti Caw. Harper's Young People. A Pennsylvania cow rejoices in the distinction of a wooden leg. Having lost oue of her supporters through a railroad train, which cut it off below the knee, a veterinary surgeon took the wounded animal in hand, and through his skill and care her life was saved. A cabinet-maker completed the good work by manufacturing a wooden leg that seemed to answer every purpose; and, when tie stump of the leg healed, the artificial substi tute was successfully strapped on. At first the cow persisted in hopping along on three legs and holding the injured one up from the ground; but before long she grew tired of this, and cautiously tried the wooden one. At last accouuts she was doing very well with it, although going about with a decided limp; and she has the proud distinction of being the only cow in the world with a wooden leg. THE State of Washington contains 51 national banks, which on the date of the last call made by the controller held total resources of 110,904,276.12, segregated as follows: Cash on hand and due from reserve agents, banks and bankers, $3,114,434.74; loans and discounts, $9,752,996; United States bonds and other stocks and securities, $4,091,478.23. Liabilities show capital stock, surplus and undivided profits of $7,082,469.39; national bank notes outstanding, $1,100,200; due to State banks and bankers, $365,771.12; indi vidual aod United States deposits, $7,818,190.02; and bills payable and rediscounts, $626,412.93. The average reserve held by the national banks of the State of Washington on the day this report was rendered was 25.48 per cent. IT is said that not for years has there been such a scant supply of water as exists today in the Walla Walla valley. Creeks and streams that have heretofore at this time of the year been flowing are practically dry. THE silver dollar of 1799 was coined in the ratio of 15 to 1— not 16 to 1. The latter was not adopted until 1843. " In God we trust" first appeared in 1873. FACTS ABOUT FLEAS. SKIN-PIERCING APPARATUS OF THE FLEA. Six Hundred Sharp Teeth—All In sect That Should Be Observed and Suppressed—Advice for the Housekeeper* Who Are Troubled With the l.lltle Persecutors. Warm weather never fails to develop increased energy in that constant and iudefatigable companion of man and woman, the Hea, says a writer in the New York World. The flea is deserving of some close study, both on account of its remark able physiological construction and also with a view to its suppression. Fleas are more generally diffused in society than the other insects which attach themselves to the human per son. The latter are found almost en tirely among the unclean, but owing to the lemarkable locomotive powers of the Ilea no one can expect entire immunity from them. It appears that man and many other animals, especially if they are furry, maintain each a separate variety of fleas. The dog's Ilea will not trouble a man, nor the cat's flea a dog. Moreover, the flea, as Dean Swift lias observed, " has smaller fleas that on him prey; and these have smaller still to bite 'em, and so proceed ad in finitum." The common human ilea, or pt'lex irritatus, has a high, sharp back and is flat-sided, go that it is higher than it is broad. In this respect it is the op posite of a more offensive bedfellow. The flea's body is covered with a hard brown skin, arranged in a series of overlapping wings. It has a pair of legs remarkable for their strength and for other things. The divisions of the flea's leg are known as the coxa, the trochanter, the femur, the tibia and the tarsus. The coxa, which is the next joint to the body, is very large, and it's freer than in any other insect. The tarsus in its turn is divided into five joints and terminates in a pair of sharp claws, enabling the insect to hold on to clothing. Body and legs are cov ered with bristly hair. These point away from the head and account for the difficulty often experienced in holding the insect between the thumb and finger. The flea's mouth is of the type known as suctorial, and is admirably adapted for absorbing liquid food, which it obtains by a process of perfor ation. The month organs consist of a labrum, mandibles, maxilhe, maxillary palpi and labral palpi. Thus it has three pairs of organs and one single organ for the work of obtaining nour ishment, and we all know that it uses them with great effect. The labrum, or upper lip, is a slen der satv-edged bristle, perforated throughout its length with a minute canal. The mandibles are on each side of it, and are formed like two straight, flat blades, pointing down ward and notched on each side like a double saw. The mandibular teeth number about seventy-five in each row on each side. There are three hun dred of these sharp, glittering teeth. The maxilite are two sharp triangu lar pieces, furnished with a pair of long four-jointed palpi, or feeders. The labrum, or lower lip, carries a pair of palpi each of which has a knife-like edge. All these instruments co-operate harmoniously in the work of piercing the skin with marvelous rapidity. When we remember that it requires considerable pressure to make a pin draw blood through the human skin, we shall better appreciate the powers of a tiny flea. The flea has a large stomach, but that does not measure its capacity for devouring blood. It is able to eject the contents of its stomach whenever an opportunity presents of obtaining a newer and fresher supply. It never misses an opportunity. The Ilea shows preference for wo men, children and persons with thin skins. A large flea is able to leap to the height of a foot, or about a hundred times its own length. If a man could take a leap similarly proportioned to his height, he would apparently be able to jump over the Pulitzer build ing. But scientific examination shows this calculation to be erroneous. A medical authority gives the fol lowing advice to those greatly troubled by fleas in their houses. The best and indeed only effectual means of getting rid of these pests is by thorough and systematic cleaning. Pulex irritans goes through its various stages from the egg to the perfect insect iu a per iod of about a month, and the first thing to do, therefore, is thoroughly to cleanse all articles likely to form a nidus for the eggs at periods within a month or before they burst. Purs, woolen garments, mattresses, pillows and all such things, and the various folds and plaits in our clothes, are fre quently chosen as suitable places for the deposit of eggs. While linen ma terials generally receive frequent and thorough cleansing, the articles we have mentioned are often hut imper fectly cleansed, and herein, in many cases, lies the unsuspected cause of plague. As long as the plague lasts blankets should be washed at least once a fort night and subjected to a temperature —either by steam or by some other means—sufficiently high to kill the ova. Old pillow cases Bhould be de stroyed or subjected to heat in tlie same way, and carpets, rugs, curtains and clothes—in fact, anything likely to form a harbor for the pests—should receive similar attention. Floors should be washed at least once a fort night with salt and water, about a handful to a pint; a strong decoction of laurel leaves, it is said, will answer the same purpose. Before retiring for the night the body should be sponged with weak vinegar and water; pulex irritans will often cease from troubling. To allay the irritation caused by the bite, sal volative or salt and water is generally efficacious. Wave* Are BeluK Increased. What is this we see? An increase of workingmen's wages. Announce ments come from all parts of the coun try that employers are voluntarily giv ing their employes more pay. Among these encouraging items of news is one to the effect that Thomas Dolan <t .Sons, the great woolen man ufacturers of Philadelphia, Pa., have granted their weavers a 15 per cent, increase in wages. The Messrs. Do lan were among those who believed, or at least represented, that Demo cratic tarift' reduction would ruin their business. Other announcements are of similar tenor. For example, on the 4th inst., the Globe iron works, of Cleveland, Ohio, restored the old rate of wages, amounting to a raise of 10 per cent., and on the same day the operatives of the Washington mills at Mass., were notified that they would receive an increase on the 9th inst. In the Connellßville coke region H. C. Frick, who has 7,526 coke ovens in blast, and W. J. Rainey, another heavy operator of that region, have advanced wages voluntarily 16 per cent., and there has been an increase in the pay of Carnegie's working people. On the Ist inst., the employes of the woolen mills at Andover, North Andover, Haverhill and Franklin Falls, New Hampshire, received the welcome no tice that their wages would be in creased 15 per cent., beginning on that day. There have been numerous notices to the same effect in other parts of the country, including vari ous branches of industry, and even that of the prince of autocrats, Pullman, but those given above are sufficient to show the tendency towards in creased wages under the Democratic tariff. Coutrast this state of affairs with that which existed under the McKin ley tariff, when a reduction of wages was the rule and labor disturbances in every branch of industry were the consequence, of which the Homestead trouble was a conspicuous example. There cannot be shown a single case of increase of working people's pay under McKinley's " protection." Another Account. A terrible riot occurred at Siberia, Ferry qouuty, Indiana, on tbe4tb, be tween the German Catholics and per sons opposed to their religion. More than a thousand persons were engaged in the fight. Three men are dead, four fatally hurt, fifty seriously injured. On the Fourth the German Catholics turned out to enjoy a great picnic in the woods surrounding the village. The entire population turned out and all went smoothly enough until sev eral gangs of disturbers appeared on the scene and begaD to make trouble. There were a number ol booths on the grounds where intoxicants were served. These were liberally patronized by the intruders, who soon began to insult the Germans and their wives. The priest who was present coun seled bis people to avoid trouble and pay no attention to the jeers of the half drunken marauders. Mistaking this tolerance for cowardice, the in truders became bolder and soon pre cipitated a fight, which in a few moments assumed the proportions of a desperate riot, in which everybody took part. Clubs, chairs and beer bottles were brought into play and the peaceful picnic was immediately transferred into a mass of struggling, cursing men and screaming women. Sam Wilson, a leader of the out siders, was armed with a huge knife with which lie stabbed and cut many persons. He was finally opposed by a sturdy German who was more than a match for him, until Wilson plunged the knife into his neck. As the man fell back his wife sprang through the crowd and dealt Wilson a terrible blow with a beer bottle, crushing his skull. During the melee one of the intruders kicked a woman about to become a mother, killing her child, and fatally injoring her. IT may interest property owners to know that the law pas»< I by the Leg islature is now in force which provides that a fine of ss.">o may L«* irrqiosed upon the owner of any building in which a saloon or gambling room is kept oi)on 011 Sunday. Also that the same fine and imprisonment may he imposed upon any such owner if l>oys or girls under eighteen years of age are allowed to enter, even as messon- ' gers: and also provides that on the out- 1 aide of all such places shall be posted in a conspicuous place a sign, in plain letters of the English language, *' Mi nors not allowed within." I WHOLE M.MBKR 1,853. , I'roiiidetit, r»»hi . r A. A. I'HILI.IPS. , „ j Vice President. A...?'.. 1 , .... . 11 n* ii r, I JMH.V r. <H>W E Y. r „ IH|t . t ' la FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF OITMfU, »» Ml „ Tn , A G.'ieial Banking Business Transsirt,^ ' ' - ttOJMM) DIRECTORS. W ViffVi* I' *• "**"■ • I'- KEN, a a |• 1.11 ■ i JOHN F. .IOWETA " ,L, ,PB - March H, ii<« DAILY TIME CABD. OLVMPI.4, TACOMA AVD SEATTLE EOI7E —o 8. WILLKY NAVIGATION CO.'S STEAMER MULTNOMAH. LKAVK . ARIUVB iS ;S A S :. «'» l:uurn . »:.«> A M s:SS?2. r «*« « 1 •coma . , 3 -yak >. u with b0... f or Bh ,|,„ a , nd K , a|| . CITY OF ABERDEEN. LEAVK 7 :NI A U A«I»IV1 10-no AM uiom. T:*»pm 12:U0 „ ... OlymSl »»' A M s:ao '* .T» -i3|;s with ho.U R„ F ,hel,on and KAMLL- Dock" I'.rom.' fUft lS?"oi y i° p 7»' r ''« Pare between Seattle and Taroma. 30 c -nt»: TIIE California Wine Co. 225 MAIN STREET. W ° Ul .l r 7hT, C . l K" ly 1,,r0r, » <«'""• of Olyro ">at they are now prepared to aup ply the family trade with PURE WINES 9 LIQUORS. PARTIAL PRICK I.IBT. A 1 Table Claret ""oTAe 1 ?." Rei.llng (White Wlae). J.'X Port Wine »' Tokay I SO Sherry ••• J M Angelica !!.* J JJ WhlSky, * 3 ■*'» g pr^. ol t r .^i"^ Good, dellrered to any pan of ,h. ,tty frM of J "' T *"M Manager. THE SICK HEALED! He Weak M Siroag! di«on^ e " b "" ck or do not be COMPOUND OXYGEN Sin^SSSrSSS t£hmry" IU *"" a " d 01>,W lorm.ofdU andloee of money by»«dlng t£ isnaaa. • —— _ _ _ soS-vl PT.TOWNSEND SOUTHERN RAILROAD. OLYMPIA DIVISION". Tlase cart It*. 13. Taking eß«t 7:00 a. n. ftb. 35,11*5. ? Ibarra Oljapla tt:10 p. a. S"- L .Learaa OljrapU 2:40 p. m N°- * Arrlra Oljapla 2:20 p m lio - * Arrlra Oljrapla 4:60 p. m" Trains ran every dsr, making atose eonaee. " Tenlno with H. P. trains north and to'portiand**' * Bd q "' ckMt re " ,etro " Olympla o 1 uuitb A - A " BOOTH - Snpt c-J-. SMITH, B. P. BUSH; Uen'l Man gr. Gen. Supt. To be Sold. 36 Lots, 143 by 60 Feet Within twenty minutes' walk of the corner of Fourth and Main streets, Olympla, at «50 PER EOT Also 10 acres of land equally near the business center of the Capital City, at SSOO PER ACRE. inquire at the WASHINGTON- SA AS PARI) office. Thoroughbred Eggs -b'OR SALEI Silver Spangled Hamburg 73 Cents per Setting of 13 Bggs. Address GEORGE X. LITTI.EJOIIN, Hl'J Tumwetei, Wssb. O. 8. B. HENRY, tJ S. DFPOTY_SURVEYOR Reeldewrei Slith Street, Swaa't Addi tion to Olympic, Wub. SURVEYING of all kinds promptly At tended to. The re-establishing of old Government lines a specialty. Townsitea surveyed and platted. Railroads located, and levels run for drains. Lands exam ined and character reported. Olvinuia. April 18. I.TJL. Wantect-Salesmen, l.ocal and Traveling ! '|""0 represent our well known bonne. You I I need no capital to rcpreaent a turn that war rant* nurnery atork Ilr«t-clat»* and true to name, i Work all flat* Year. SIOO per mouth to the man. Apply «iuick, age. L. L. MAYS & CO.. .larwrjifi, Florists and SeedißM, ***• Minn. This house is responsible | April 14. lftM. LS Collections Made ROTARY ILBI.IC AND COXXEYANCING REAL ESTATE, IXSI'RAXE rod LOM C. H. CARPENTER A CO.. »«oct2fitf 417 Main Miretf.