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\\ \su. mm XDUING, AI'KIL *. 190$. Drifting from the Moorings < >nc of til' most important d> , iS ion-of the I'. S Supreme ( ourt. was announced on the liHd ult.. 'hen that aug-.st Ihklv refused tit grant Attor ney tieiiera! Young, of Minnosota. a writ of 1,.'/''ft i"i" releasing him from the penalty iini>osed by tiie Federal Court for that district, on a charge of contempt by instituting a proceeding in a State Court for en forcement of ihe railroad rate law. after the Federal judge had pro hibited such a course. The highest court likewise affirmed the decision of Federal Judge l'ritchard of the I'. S. Court for the Western dis trict of North Carolina, and dis charged from imprisonment James It. Wood, a ticket agent of the Southern liar way at Ashville, after he had been sentenced by a State Court to serve a term on the rock pile on a charge of selling tickets for more than the maximum rate lixed by statute. On application, Judge l'ritchard promptly issued a writ of /minus inrjuiK ordering his release. It is claimed that the jurisdiction of the Feder.il Court is to 1)0 exer cised only when the State enactment is found to lie a violation of the U. S. Constitution, and in such cases a duty seems paramount with the State Courts to see that its provisions, which are declared in the document itself, to lie the supremo law of the land, anything in State laws to the contrary notwithstanding. This l»e --ing considered, and the claim that the provisions of the State laws have been excessive in affixing penalties, so much so as to threaten the service as common carriers of passengers, freight and U. S. mails, and the rates had become confiscating and there fore unconstitutional. When State laws result in this unfortunate con dition, Federal Courts, it is claimed do not usurp authority by assuming jurisdiction. Judge Harlin, in dissenting, in the Young case, held that the suit was practically a proceeding against the State, and therefore inadinissable under Art. XI., of the Constitution of the United States. He said that tho effect of the decision was to close the courts of a State against itself, and predicted that the result would be disastrous. While the action of the Court of highest resort must, of course, com mand respect and be obeyed, it will not be forgotten that it has been strictly partisan whenever it comes to a part where its prejudices may sway poor mortal judgment. The electoral commission showed this; the income tax bill confirmed it, and now the scheme for centralization of the powers of the government under the tutelage of the " Irrepressible One," finds ready adaptation of ideas, so far as practical, to advance that object. This being such a self-evident fact, it behooves the people to place in power those who have ever maintained the belief that the constitution and gov ernment were made for tho people to safe-guard their rights as a free nation. Let us note the handwriting on the wall while there is yet time to avert disaster. WOULD PROHIBIT FREE LUNCHES.— The restaurants of Tacoina are fight ing the free lunch counters, kept by the saloons, which they allege de prive them of legitimate custom by offering a premium on drinking, and promoting an insidious and per nicious method of inducing a greater use of intoxicants. They petition the Council to prohibit by ordinance the furnishing or giving away any articles of food in the saloons. The saloon men have organized and will protest on the ground of unconstitu tionality of such a law. THE HIGHEST JUDGMENT AND THE LOWEST. —Judge Landis who im posed a fine of $29,240,000 against the Standard Oil Company, for re bating, about a year ago, has im posed a fine of one cent against a workingman, for writing a dun in language more forcible than elegant, on a postal card, against a doctor who refused to pay a debt of two dollars he owed him. The Judge in announcing his decision said: "The penalty in this case is five years' im prisonment, but I'll fine you one cent and you needn't pay the costs." ANOTHER 810 SHIP REACHES PORT. —The twin-screw steel freighter Co lumbian, arrived at Tacoma a few days ago, to load with 7,000 tons of freight for the Hawaiian Islands, where she will take on a 17,000-ton cargo of sugar for a port in Mexico. This big ship can carry oil in tanks for fuel to run her 14,000 miles, about 17,000 barrels. She belongs to the Hawaiian Steamship Company, and was built by the Union Iron Works, of San Francisco. COVENT GARDEN, London, (an abre virtio for Convent Garden) takes its name from having been, originally, the garden of Westwinster Abbey, a square celebrated for its great mar ket of fruits, vegetables and flowers. It was in olden times a very fashion uble part of the budding city, and in its proximity were the residences of many prominent people. THE Chinese, displeased with the Tatsu Maru incident, are engaged in a bitter boycott of Japanese trade, and Japan has asked China to take steps to prevent this method of re taliation. This condition of atTairs way lead to further trouble. L-t 8 Try to 21 It Fiain. Whit more effective ol ject-lcMion cm t»> dioelosed for * «apital than a Btraggiiag pub! c enterpi se covered with bariuM lea and Imtie* ii kinj; its life blood as a price of : ;i lllln i ■ y from abuse. Our much-n spe, ted contemporary. the < V"pretends that it does ti"t understan i at ' s paragraph means: that it is dvi - and needs elucidation. 1"; s - oi.r reason for assuming the ta-\ of . \plaining what we surely thought would be recog nized and admitted as a self-evident pro]N>sition. It leaves in doubt, how ever, whether or not the our neigh bor may lielong t lie Tally rand school of diplomats, and extreme caution impels him to hide his head in the sand to escape pursuit. Perish the thought that he* may belong to that other ehass referred to by Indian Su perintendent Kendall in days of "auld latig syne " when an Agent on one of the reservations wore out his patience by requests for explanations of or ders issued from the head office. At last forbearance absolutely ceased to be a virtue, and elicited a volley from Supt. Kendall's always expressive tongue which souded somewhat like this: "See here, dang it: I can give you instructions, but I can't give you brains to understand them!" As in timated, we are inclined to reject the latter presumption, and will assume that the former hypothesis is true, and patiently assume the task of dem onstration of a theorem. The inquiry made by Ofy is who are the " barnacles anil leeches" that have bled "strugglingcorporations." Very well. Yes, let us reason to gether. In alluding to leeches, who, tell us, could we have meant but those auto peripatetic talking machines em ployed by the elder twin who so con tinuously, so persistently, and so of fensively, at times, traversed the whole town, to demand patronage as a douceur, whether it have been for wares, sold and delivered, or for prospective benefits that are so dense as not to bear the slightest outlines of probable results, and solicited with a tang to the words that implied a "roast" should opportunity offer and an order not be given. A lead ing business man (in no way connect ed with the Light and Power compa ny, as officer, employee or stockhold er) stated to us that it was just like pointing a pistol at his head when one of these canvassers placed a dia gram before him with alloted space and price all arranged for immediate acceptance, and the verbal intimation " We think we can make it to your interest to give us an order." To make it more plain and remove all possibility of a charge of "density," we state that this citizen whose busi ness was and is both legal and honor able, regarded the demand just about as Mr. Heermans, President of the Olympia Water Co., did the demand of the ex-boss, now a matter of court record, in which immunity from abuse of one of the twins and favor of the city Council was promised for five hundred dollars blood-money. As the twin that has thus time and again "roasted" the Water compa ny, the Light and Power company, and favored a rival to our very excel lent telephone service, it stands to reason that probably less rmc meth ods have been adopted than where there was a crime to condone, in which a divyof "thirds" and "halves of thirds," told of by Mr. Gilbert un der oath, were successful. If the alleged Levins graft was unsuccessful, it was doubtless owing to the same cause that poor Oliver Twist was re fused a second instalment of treacle and brimstone when he held out his spoon for more. Time was when the Recorder mani fested all the leech-like proclivities, whether it got its proportion of the "half of a third" whack-up or not, and from the evidence displayed that it has not gorged itself, the assump tion is fair that others would not have had better success had they adopted the methods of the footpad. No newspaper merits success that lives upon patronage that is not vol untarily accorded for merit of some form or other. The judgment of the public is unerring in that matter. It is proper, therefore for us in ac cepting the challenge to cite the infa mous Thacker methods for "addi tion, division and silence," enforced by flourish of a club, as well as the stilletto thrusts to injure a hated ri val by accepting legitimate business at starvation prices. AN Eastern inventor has devised a refrigerating apparatus that will pipe ice-water all over the largest hotels. You turn the faucet instead of pushing the button to get a glass of ice-cold water. The cheerful click of the ice-pitcher will be no longer heard, but the omission of a silent tip to the bell-boy will be some com pensation. »#♦ ——— WHAT is the use of talking about the faults in construction of battle ships when we have not yet learned how to build hotels, theaters and school-houses so as to protect life or property? Let inventive genius and official determination be turned in that direction, if the greatest aid to the largest number is the object of solicitude. TIIE automobile racers got through to Chicago, making the last 12 miles in ten hours. — Ex. They probably did as the school children in the olden-times, in swing ing " let the cat die," from necessity after their long run. As exchange says a Los Angeles, (Cal.) man has accidentally swal lowed a lead-pencil. That's nothing; let him swallow an eraser and pa tiently await results. Nature will probably do the rest. Expensive Partisan Grafts. The railroad commission having fx I*' Tided nearly the appro priated by Ihe last legislature is calling for new funds. It seems there is enough money on hand with which to pay the salaries of the mem bers til! next January. They might take a trip o|T to Europe for the re mainder of their terms, for all the good they are doing the people in this State. The (>r<<i"iii<ni thinks this I tody has accomplished one ob ject. by showing that Portland has a better market for the products of Kastern Washington than l'uget Sound ports. It had been hoped the Commission, with the assistance of the railroads, might show a valua tion of railroad trackage and equip ment which would form an equitable basis for taxation of these corporate interests, and assist the Tax Com mission in that respect. Hut there: seems to be slight hop's in that di- J rection. The members of this latter board may know as individuals that railroads pay only proportionally a fraction of their dues as taxes, as compared with the average home owner, still they may not know it of ficially and let the corporations escape by paying a small percentage of their dues to the public. There is a pre cedent for such action, in the Cali fornia Schmitz case, as the indict ment under which Schmidt was tried did not allege that at the time of the extortion from the restaurant-keep ers, he was mayor of San Francisco, though the fact appeared by the record and was a matter of general history, of which judges are supposed to take judicial cognizance, still the court would not assume knowledge of this fact, and therefore said the ex-mayor was not guilty. Owing to the recent high State tax levies, the people in different sections of the State, will watch with interest this matter of railway property taxation. The tax board should take the fig ures as to valuations of such holdings at once, as the same appeared on the evidence at the hearings before the Railroad Commission, and fix a just basis of valuation. Otherwise the Commissioners will have to furnish to the public an excuse for their exist ence. In view of the recent decisions of the United States Supreme Court in the Minnnesota and North Carolina railway cars, curtailing the power of State legislatures or commissions to fix rates, it would seem akin to folly to make appropriations to carry on the farce. The members of these bodies belong to one party, and are no more nor less than are integral part of the State political partisan machine maintained at the public ex pense. Another Stapid ProfMaor. Another educational headlight, Dr. H. Johnson of the University of In diana, has made himself ridiculously notorious, if not memorably infamous, by the declaration that the Govern ment should afford a pension of 1100,- 000 a year for ex-Presidents, or they be " takeu out and shot." Probably the irrepressible occupant of the Presidential chair at the present time, may vigorously contest the opinion that he will emerge from his official duty entirely incapacitated for other work and d«nouncc him as a nature-fakir and liar, but that does not matter. To admit an exception, would break the rule, which to be tolerated should be without any ex ception. The Professor assumes that all Presidents left the executive chair poor in purse as well as in mental poverty, which is by no means the case. A former article in these columns has shown that all the Presi dent's retired "well fixed" finan cially, for the remainder of their days, except Thomas Jefferson, U. S. Grant and Wm. McKinley. The first of these was well off when he retired from the Presidency, but spent money with a lavish hand at Monticello. Congress bought his library, paying him #28,000, and this was economically used in his de clining years. Grant was a fast liver, but saved money while President, and .lost much of it after his second term ex pired; but this was not surprising for he was never a success in busi ness matters. William McKinley went into office financially embar rassed, but by frugal management and aid of his friends, was accumu lating money when the assassin's bullet ended his days. It is a notable fact that the sug gestion of a pension for ex-Presi dents comes from Grover Cleveland, the only one that might be benefited, and that he is rated as a millionaire, Prof. Johnson is only playing " sec ond fiddle" to the idea. AT least District Attorney Jerome is nhowing a fine example of activity in fighting the proceedings to remove him for inactivity.— Ex. Yes; and that is what lawyers would call a meum et tuum proceed ing, which comes under the sainc ex ceptions noted in the famous case of " Your Bull and My Ox." TIIE Commissioner of Immigration has decided that he cannot legally deport Emma Goldman, the woman anarchist. Has he tried advertising " bargain counter sales" over the sea? IF it be true that Prof. Lowell has discovered water on Mars, would it not be well to encourage colonization of the present superabundance of prohibitionists on that war-like plan et? IT will be observed that every time the President turns on the spigot, Mr. Bryan knocks out the bung. DEMOCRATIC COUNTY COMMITTEE. Holds an Enthusiastic Meeting and Selects Time and Place for County Convention. Pursuant to call, a meeting of the Thurston County Democratic Com mittee was held at the Kneeland Ho tel, last Saturday, at which there was a full attendance, and as well of many old-time Democrats and late accessions, drawn together by the growing importance of political ef fort. Chairman Schomber called the meeting to order at 11 A. V. After a few routine preliminaries, the meet ing adjourned to 1 o'clock I'. M. On reassembling, the fixing of a date for the County Convention to nominate delegates to the State Con vention to be held at Spokane. May lsth was declared to be in order. After considerable discussion, it was on motion carried that Saturday, the Kth of May l>e declared to be the time and this city the place for hold ing said convention, to meet at 11 A. M. Oil motion, John Miller Murpky, David Mitchell and James Dever were authorized to secure a hall for hold ing said meeting, and it was further decided, by motion, thut it be in the form of a Mass Meeting. On motion, a committee was ap pointed to secure speakers for brief addresses at the convention, consist ing of Murphy, Steele, Troy, Doher ty and Dr. Mitchell. On motion, a vote of thanks was tendered, by rising vote. Mr. Sehom ber for courtesies extended as Chair man of the central committee, as well as the careful, conscientious and able manner in which he has discharged his duties as County Treasurer. A motion carried thanking Mr. Kneeland for his kindness in furnish ing a room for the present meeting. Mr. Kneeland in response, said it was a pleasure to entertain the sup porters of our world-known champi on, William Jennings Hryan. On motion, the meeting then ad journed, subject to call. DAVID MITCHELL, Sec'y. IT WILL 808 UP. A Few More Words on the Same Irrepress ible Subject. 1 Jos TON, March 2t>, 1908. EDITOR STANDARD: The excessive taxation which lias confiscated so much property, im jioverished so many good citizens, paralyzed the growth and prosper ity and threatens the future of Olym pia, is a matter of vital importance to every man, woman and child in your city, that personal abuse of one who protests against such confisca tion iias no possible bearing upon the question, and can only actuated by private malice, or a design to ob scure the real issue. In either case, such attacks are unworthy of notice and are best treated with silent con tempt. It is a mistake to suppose that the men of property, those who own real estate especially, are the only suf ferers or even the chief sufferers. They can sell, or have confiscated their real property, and those rich in personal property can either hide it, or move elsewhere, and that is precise ly what many have done, llut the urea test sufferers, and the most help less, are the people of small or moder ate means, people who have their modest homes and are trying to make a living and get ahead in the world. The direct burden of taxes upon them may not be heavy as they own little, but the indirect injury by driving away capital and enterprising men, and stopping the growth of the town and the prosperty of the community, is very real and very great. You can naino scores of first class and able men who in our time have left Olym pia, frozen out and discouraged, for their own good and the city's injury, and with scarcely an excep tion they did better in their new lo cations. Is this exodus to continue unchecked, or have your citizens enough sense and grit to put a stop to it? I firmly believe they can and will do so, notwithstanding they have been too patient and long-suffering in the past. Permit me to make a few practical suggestions as one deeply interested in the welfare of Olympia, both as a property-owner and from early associations, hoping they will be taken for what they are worth without prejudice as coining from a despised " Bostonian and non-resident." Have committee investigate the court expenses, the expenses, of the county commissioners, of the school directors, and of the city, and ascer tain where they can be reduced fairly. Then call upon these officials to trim their sails accordingly and at once. At the next election require a pledge from every candidate that ho will keep within these bounds, and pledge them to tax levies not to exceed specified limits. An organization of earnest men, who resolve no longer to submit to legalized robbery, can correct this abuse. HAZARD STEVENS. ONE WAY TO REDUCE COMMUNITY PROPERTY COMPLICATIONS.— The ref erences in last week's STANDARD to "Community Property Complica tions," has caused some comment on the part of professional and busi ness men. The position has been ta ken that these complications, in a great measure, may be avoided in the matter of probate procedure, by the spouses entering into a written agreement, under the law of this State, regarding the division of com munity property on the death of either husband or wife. In such case, the matter might get before the court, for ascertaining whether any State inheritance tax is due, or the statut of the property with re gard to outstanding claims might re quire in adjustment. Moreover, un less the property shall have been de scribed in the contract or by sche dule, the services of an administra tor or executor may be required to make an inventory for the purpose of identification. DURING the last vear the number of depositors in New York savings banks increased 45,000, and they put in $lB - 000,000. — San Francitto Index. This year, however, in the pivotal State, they are " depositing" in safety vaults and old Btockings, and the number of depositors and de posits has materially decreased. " A burnt child dreads the fire." TUK whole of Chile is traversed by an almost uninterrupted chain of volcanoes. Ri sfiA proposes tn spetpl in ten years a billion dollars for battleships.— Ex. That's all right, if she adopts mod ern methods, and does not weight them down with an armor that ren ders them unmanageable, as she did her Cossack soldiers. THERE are 100,<MH) ostriches in the Oudtshoorn district. Cape Colony, the average annual value of the feathers yielded by each bird lieing m. IN the Superior Court of the Slate of Wa*h luglou, for Thurston county. In the mailer of the estate of Mary Deceased. Prohate No IIOJ. Notice i« hereby niveii that David Mitchell. ax executor or the fcliove named extate. ha. tiled in the a hove entitled court hi. return and ret.ort of the nale of real eMate described ax follow* The XE ■» of SW ■«, and N «of SE ' 4 of the SW '4 of Sec. nineteen (19), T|. Seventeen (17). N Rone (I) w est, i'hllr-tun Couutv. Waehini: ion. Said property liavine belonged to Marv Gld dints decased. said report having been tiled in thl» caime on March *J\ IJtis. That an order ha* heen nia<lc fixing Monday. April « IMN at ten o'clock A m and Die court room of the atiove entitled court at Oljni: ia. B* the lime anil place at which any and ali parties Interested may chow cauae. If any th.-y have, why .uch sale should uol he confirmed by the court. Witney, the Ilouomblo O. V. Li oil. Juuire ol the above en tilled court mid I*KALI the Heal of eaid court atlached here to. . w - M. NUNN, Clerk of the Superior Court of Thuicton County. Washington. Firat publication, March 27, 1908. Choice Clover Seed Timothy, Orchard and Rye Grasses Field Peas and Vetches MANN the SEED MAN Opposite Court Houie. LYRIC THEATER 310 Main Street. THREE SHOWS NIGHTLY 7:15, 8 and 8:45 aVMtSSIQ.Y to CM.rrs Matinee: Saturday. 3 p. m. Children, 5 Cents; Adult*, 10 Cent* #New Stock of 19081 | BICYCLES NOW IN. * W w f Prices all Are I * JUST RECEIVED FROM FACTORY !j? g? I want about 25 Second Hand Bicyles, for which I will allow W a fair price in exchange on New Bicycles or other goods, Am overstocked on Phonographs and Talking Machines,'®? W and will sell any (not contract goods) at cost *■? ill Very easy terms on all machines. W t E. E. T4YLOR, * ||t Opposite Court Hout<e. I Talcott Bros, f ft ft TII oum JIWILII IOEM 11 vuiiu vismeToa. imiusaiß tin <► .ft, —DSAXEBB IN "y WATCHES, DIAMONDS, JEWELRY, & CLOCKS. SILVERWARE, CUT GLASS, « Tf LEATHER GOODS, CUTLERY, NOVELTIES A <> SEWING MACHINES, SUNDRIES V MANUFACTURERS OF I NOTARY AND LODGE SEALS | X RUBBER STAMPS $ UMBRELLAS & M Repairing in All Departments. JvL ]* til and 420 Main St., ... Olynipia, Wash. c& OLYMPIA MARBLE WORKS m ESTABLISHED 1688. fi J. R. DEVER, Proprietor IWi » . || MARBLE AND GRANITE * * * I ■ SlfSk Monuments, Markers SjEpIL Headstones, Etc. Fourth and Jefferson Sti. OLYMPIA WASHINGTON 1 FARSQSRS* MARKET* 1 (• R. G. CAMERON, PROP. •) I Fresh % Cured Meats | Poultry and Game of All Descriptions vs V when in season. PS WestFourth St., next to K. of P. Hall. Phouu Main SS E. M. YOUNG Tine Watch and Jewelry Be pairing. 213 E. 4th St. Olympia, Wub. @ll jifaiiaiiCTopifoirr I <HERCULES TOO EARLYTO GO /V » ' .......... BAREFOOTED. U n «■ - m You Need Stockings SCHOOL HOSE Why Not Buy Them FOR BOYS AND GIRLS Right? -1= n We sell tlie Best Stockings for the Least fj Price that are sold in this country. No. 750 for Boys and Girls, all sizes at 10c has no equal " 755 " •« " " " " "12 l-2c as leader « 760 " " " " double knee, 15c, all sizes " 184 is a fine-ribbed exclusive girls, 17c, all sizes " 40 " heavy Boy's, all sizes, 17c, double. " 21 " the best iron-clad, all sizes, 25c linen knee jJJ « 99 " " very best 4-thread Lisle hose. This [□] hose comes in white, tan and black, sizes 4 1-2 to fe 0 10, retails up to 7 at 25c; 7 1-2 to 10, 33c. fl f~»Z (S n Ladies' Flat Ilose We have a good one at 10 and U ML '■kf• 12 I-2c a pair. o n Our No. 1,000, which we retail A at 17c, are as good as most stores' 25c numbers. 1 America's best 25c Stocking is IU fliSpl the Wayne knit. j£ D We have white split-feet hosiery, R nl 11 - ' at 17c, 25c, 33c. U We have outsizes, 17c, 25c and We have the gause Lisle, at 25c, 33c, 37c, 50c, and 75c. Ipf^^yTTTirTT We have the flare top, at 33c, 37c, 50c and 75c. |yy * f I We have the fancy hose, in blacks and colors, 17, 25c, 33 37c. soc, 75c, 89c, $1 and $1.25. j|Q^|l We have the silk at $1.50 and $2. Also everything- in I men's hosiery. LJ [§l|c=3oi=sl |ez=zioi=3lfQl[ol[c ioi >|[aor=3lfc| 1 The Mottman Mercantile Co 1 BYRON MILLETT Lawyer N °OflLe P Chll ß ben t Block. Oljßpil \M. C. J. LORD, President. .VI E. REED, Vice Pres. i W. J. FOSTER, Cashier. W. H. Brackett, Asst. Cashier. X The Capital National Bank | Capital SIOO,OOO. Surplus—slso,ooo. f DII.iX.ORS. 2 C. J. LORD, M. E. REED, i O. W. INGHAM, L. F. SCHMIDT, 71 THOS. BORDEAUX, MITCHEL HARRIS. **> W. J. FOSTER. ;; MHtMMtt ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ I WE ARE HEADQUARTERS FOR SCHOOL BOOKS | AND SCHOOL SUPPLIES ? OF ALL KINDS .... ? | Wall Paper f V STATIONERY, ETC., ETC. V | M. O'CONNOR'S | Harris Building, adjoining RlcKenny Block. NEW ARRIVALS OXFORDS A. We wish to announce m . we now have a mi ' complete line , of Ladies' Oxfords !n Tan, Patent Colt and JH Vfc arc all new and up- UK 10-datc and we can show you larfe^va- SEE OUR WINDOWS A. C. STEVENS & CO. t Grand Spring Opening. : t OF ♦ j 4MILLINERY I I | LADIES HAT STORE, J t MRS. C. J. MF.SSEGEE. EAST FOURTH STREET. ♦ t ...IMtt.ttttttttttt Hi-* hAnnrnrru molse mov,n ° and drav,n ° L 11111 LI L U V pianos hanoled wi ™ care r IIVIV in rill I fu * nace AN ° d ° mestic coal • 1 I 1/VvllLJll 1 1 PLOWING AND HARORWING OFFICK WITH DAUI.INO'S SHOE STOUE, - WlM' I'OI'UTII STREET . Plienes—Office, lied 11-2 llesiilenee, Mack 1252.