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CONVEYANCER AND NOTARY AhNtrnctM «»f Title Carefully I'repareil I*o Yearn' Experleuee O IA MIMA NATIONAL HANK IIEDO PAUL & KEARN'S New Location 317 Main St. targe and Comfortable Quarters New Fixtures Olympia Beer, Wines, Liquors and Cigars COl HTEOI'S TREATMENT TO ALL. PAUL DETITLEFSEN, JEAN KEARNS, Propi letors. TIIB SHELTON BAR \V. I). KORIIES, Prop. All I lie l.enilliiis llrnnda of Wines, l.ltionrx innl elisors; ulxo Olympln lleer. Pacific Club Our Leader 116 West Fourth Street. PHONE ii 7«. Charley's Saloon c. Olympiads Popular Resort All the Ileal llrnnila of Imported nod Domestic Wines, I.li|uura aud Clicara. BRAEGER & GRATZER pnopniETons. 10« W. 4th St. Phone 27 | THE FASHION | x A Keaort where you cnn have ft J aueinhle it nine of <*air«l». y I I j. ♦ | J. D. lI.VRIIST, Prop. | ? 114 Flftk St. Olympln, Wash. V V X * ¥ The Oxford CGORGG TAYLOR, Prop. IIS Fourth St. Olyiiiplo, Wash. Where Good Fellows Get To gether. A Complete Stock of High Grade Liquors and Cigars. OUR SPECIALTY: Atherton Bourbon P. J. O'BRIEN HEAVY FORGING AND > GENERAL BLACKSNITHING GIVE IS A Till AL. Sole Aicenfo for Olympln nud Tlmroton County for the Celebrated STUDEBAKER Wagons, Carriages Corner Third and Columbia Streeto IILYMIiA, WASH. OFFICE OF GORDON NACKAY 317 Waohlnaton St. Phone 230 POLK'S A OREGON and WASHINGTON 1 (■ Business Directory I A Directory of each City, Town and I Village, giving descriptive sketch of ■ each place, location, population, tele- ■ graph, shipping and banking point; I also Classified Directory, compiled by ■ business and profession. I B. L POLK • CO..' BRATTLE M HOME COURSE IN FRUITS ' ADBERRIES 11. GRAFTING APPLE TREES AND LOCATING AN ORCHARD. By G. B. BRACKEII, nomologist. Bureau of Plant Industry. United States Department of Agriculture. Arri.lT grafting. unlike budding. Is usually performed during the dormant period of growth. It Is accomplished by carefully fitting a small dormant twig or scion of tlie variety we wish to propagate into a out in a stock or seedling tree which we wish to change. There are several forms of grafting, but they dif fer more In method than in results. In fact, so far as the top of tlie tree is concerned, trie results are the same in all eases whether we hud or graft. The object sought is to change an undesir able or uncertain tree Into one which we know will produce a variety whose fruit will possess certain desirable char acteristics. Splice Grafting. Splice grafting Is a simple form and Is used when the stock and scion are 1 very nearly the same size. It consists SUCCESSIVE STEPS OP STOCK GRAFTING. [a. splice graft; b. tongue graft, parts sep arate; c, tongue graft, parts united; d. waxed wrapper applied.] ID splicing or lapping the scion on the stock by scartlng each at tiie same an gle. When n close Joiut is secured the parts are held in place by means of some kind of wrapping material. Tongue grufting differs from splice grufting in that both scion and stock are split at corresponding points on the scarf with a thin bluded knife so as to form tongues. The object of this is to uuite more flrmly the two portions and present a larger surface for the effu sion of cell tissue aud to promote the callousing process. This is the method commonly practiced by nurserymen un der the name of root graftiug. In root grufting thrifty one-yenr-oid stocks growu from seed are taken up In the fnll and stored in a cellar or buried in the soil, where they will keep fresh and be accessible at any time in wiuter when wr.nted. The scions hav ing been secured in the fnll. the work of grafting may be performed at any time during the winter. The roots only are used In this method, and they may be cut in two or more sections accord ing to their size and length or the de sire of the propagator. But the larger or stronger roots, as a rule, may be re lied upon for the most satisfactory re sults. Foreign Methods. In the foregoing methods of grafting, but especially In the first, the parts must be held together by some kind of bnndage or tie This may be made of thin cotton cloth or tough mnnlla pa per spread with melted grafting was and when cool cut or torn in narrow strips of convenient width for wrap ping. But the most common method now practiced Is to employ cotton yarn drawn through melted wax and wound upon a spool, from which it la used when wanted. These root grnfts. after having been tied in bundles with each variety sep arately labeled, may be packed away In moist earth or loam and left In a cellar free from frost until spring, when they should he planted in nurs ery rows In the open ground nnd cultl vated for one. two or three years, when they are ready to be transplant ed to the orchard site. Thorough cultivation In the nursery rows should he given nnd some atten tloti should he paid to training or shnp Ing the young trees, so as to Insure the best results when transplanted In the orchard. Cleft Grafting. Cleft grafting Is generally done when the stork Is considerably larger than the srlon and where the operation Is to be performed above ground. The stork Is split downward, after It has been cut off at the point where the srlon Is to be Inserted, by using a line tooth saw The bark should be cut through first to avoid being torn nnd so that the sides of the cleft will be smooth A wedge is put in to keep the cleft open for the Insertion of the scion, which Is rut wedge shape, with a long slope, one edge being a little TTIK WASH IXOTON' STAN DA KM). JI'XK 20. thicker than the other. The object of this is to have the pressure of the cleft greatest upon the outer side where the union is to be effected. If tt.e stock is large enough a graft may he inserted on each side of the cleft, but if both grow one should eventually be cut off. After the scion has been properly inserted the wedge should be carefully withdrawn, leav ing the scion In place, so that the in ner bark of the scion and ttie stock shall coincide. If the pressure of the cleft be not sufficient to hold the scion in place it must be wrapped with cloth or strings before waxing. Air Tight Joints. The stock and scion are now ready for the grafting wax. which may tie applied either in liquid form, with a brush or in plastic condition after hav ing been worked with the hands, or they may be wrapped with strips of muslin or manlln paper previously spread with wax. as heretofore men tioned. Great care should lie taken to make every joint air tight or the opera tion will be a failure. Regrafting Bearing Trees. Regrafting is sometimes very desira ble when it is found after trees have come into bearing that their fruit is worthless. When the trees are not too old and are in a healthy condition the change can be made with good results. Hut when the trees have attained a considerable age and have lost their vitality to a considerable extent it woultl tie a waste of time and expense to attempt to change them. Hotter plant new trees. If. however, in the case of healthy, vigorous trees It is considered udvlsable to regru/t tops it is not best to do this all at one time. Only about one-third of the tree should be grafted the first year, selecting branches in the center and top of the tree. The next year another third may be grafted and the remainder the fol lowing year. Grafting Wax, Here are form ill.'is for grafting wax: Formula No. 1 (for outdoor work).— Resin. four or five parts; beeswax, one and one-half to two parts; linseed oil, one to one and one half parts. This is melted in a mass, and when cool enough it may be drawn out into thin strips and applied by wrapping it firmly around the stock where the scion is in serted. or a more convenient mode of using this wax is to spread it while melted upon thin muslin or strong inanila paper and when cool cut or tear in strips of convenient width for wrap ping around the grafted stock. Formula No. 2 (for indoor and out door work).—Resin, six pounds; bees wax, a pound: linseed oil. a pint. Me't together and when at the temperature of ISO degrees F. apply directly to the Joints with a small bristle brush. In order to keep it at the proper consist ency the vessel containing the wax may be placed in another vessel con taining boiling water. Locating an Orchard. The selection of an orchard site is not governed by any arbitrary rule. It Is unfortunate that some farms do not afford the best soils and exposures for orchards. But the owners of such should not allow this fact to deter them from planting trees and caring for them afterward Some kinds of soils and surface pres entations are preferable to ethers, as they are better adapted to this fruit and require less expense in prepara tion and in the after care and treat ment of the orcbnrd. The most Intelli gent and experienced orchardists differ as to the best location and exposure of an orcbnrd. some preferring a northern slope, others an eastern, and yet others recommend a southern or even a western slope as best It is believed that the advantages prepon derate in fnvor of a gentle eastern or northenstern slope, as orchards located on such sites suffer less in both ,soil and tree from the effects of heat and drought An orchard with such an ex posure will maintain its vigor and lon gevity better than if inclined to the west or southwest This is especially true in states south of the New Eng land group, where the summers are long, hot and dry and where It Is prob able that the greatest injury to trees results from these causes. But as before stnted. all farms do not afford these most favorable sites, especially nenr the home, which Is the most de sirable location for the family orchard. Thus the plnnter will often be forced to forego such a location and take bis chances where the natural conditions are not so favorable. If possible the site should he elevated above its im mediate surroundings, thus giving a free circulation of air, while such an elevation will also be of great aid in guarding against late spring frosts, so fatal to young fruit at the blooming season. Soils. Apple trees will thrive and do well on almost any soil which Is well pre pared. but the different kinds of soil may require different treatment and after care. A loamy soil is naturally rich in plant food: hence It will need little. If any. manuring In Its preparation A clay soil Is the most difficult to prepare and often requires manuring, as well as thorough plowing, replow Ing and subsolling Sandy soils are generally lacking in the necessary plant food The wood growth on loamy soils will lie strong and vigor ous. but may not be sufficiently ma ture to withstand the freezing of the more rigorous winters. Clay lands are rot apt to produce such vigorous growth, and orchard trees on such lands will be hardier as to winter kill ing than on most other soils Tlmlier lands or lands on which forests have formerly grown. If having the proper exposure and drainage, nre preferable for orchard sites Fruit grown on such lands will rank first class in size, quan tlty and appearance. .;. I Press Comment * Slll|» till* Slllljll 1 1 4*111% ft. (Washington State Journal-Times.) The farmer today is wise who watches all tlie corners for losses and the small leaks. This man is always looking to see that every foot of ground on the farmstead is producing some thing. He is always glad if someone can offer a new suggestion. The far mer who watches the little things usu ally has money in the bank, and has nothing to complain of except the low rate of interest paid. The man who does not watch tlie small leaks is not willing or ready to learn. He is still worrying over the mortgage and the high rate of interest which he has to pay. * * ♦ * IIIKI Stale* Development, ( Heanlan Gazette.) In addressing a crowd at Colvilie last week Governor Lister used the fol lowing statement: "What this state needs is more internal development and less money squandered outside for advertising of uncertain quality." The governor is more than half right, for some other states that have not adver tised in the East nearly so much as Washington, have been making many home improvements that have attract ed from the outside as well. • • • • Aiuirovi-K llryiiii'M I't-ticp Finn. (Hen ton 1 ndcpetiden t- Record.) One of the greatest triumphs of the present administration scents destined to be brought about by Wm. J. Bryan, who is probably the world's greatest champion of peace loday. Already a number of nations have signified their willingness to join this country in u universal peace plan as advocated by the secretary of state. Should Mr. Bryan be successful in enlisting the great powers of the earth in a practi cal scheme to prevent wars in the fu ture, he will, indeed, have accom> plished something that will bless the human race and mark the administra tion of President Wilson as beginning a shining epoch in the history of the United States. • • • • S»j« I.IKOT IN I'TIUINCIII1 Y Correct. (Chehalis County Calf.) Governor Lister made an address at Colville last week in which he said: "What this state needs is more inter nal development and less money squandered for advertising purposes of uncertain quality." The governor further said that we need more farms and fewer town lots, and that roads should be built to open traffic to trade centers and between trade centers and not to develop moun tain scenery. He cited state road No. 2 near Colville as an example of for mer extravagance. Governor Lister is eminently cor rect in his conclusions. False boom ing, like the violation of any other nat ural law, must ultimately pay the pen alty. Take Wenatchee, for example. We are informed by commercial men that never in Wenatchee's history have times been so tight as at present, all on account of an inflated boom and inflated values. • • • • The People, the Papers and the Halt road*. (Snohomish County Tribune.) Time was, when the people needed the aid of every newspaper in protect ing them from the impositions of the railroads of the country. Time is, when the railroads need the newspa pers in order to keep their financial heads above water, because of much adverse legislation. It is as unjust for the people to treat the railroads un fairly as it was for the railroads to treat the people unfairly, and as much the duty of the newspaper to tell the truth about it despite a lingering prej udice in some quarters against the big common carriers. • • • • Here'* an Kxcellenl Thing (o Remember (Clurke County Sun.) The Northern Pacific and North Bank railroads pay one-fifth of all the taxes in this county. They also em ploy about 600 men. It pays to boost for the railroads. The railroads and officials are some boosters, too. * • • • And the Shot I* 'Way Too I.ong. (Fairfield Standard.) As the next United States senator to be chosen from this state will be the choice of the people In a direct elec tion, Wesley Jones may have several competitors and one of them may be Governor Lister. The fellows who like to take long shots are already talking about it in retired nooks, in the hotel lobbies. * » • • Take* 11 Full Rut of l.lMtcr. (Douglas County l'ress.) The Colfax Gazette says: "Another political debt was paid by the governor last week when he appointed Frank C Morse to the state board of control. '1 he law requires that the board shall be bi partisan and Morse is a Republican, but it is a notorious fact that he worked openly for the election of Lis ter last fall." The Gazette takts a fall out with the governor every few weeks. And now it jumps onto him for appointing a Re publican on the state board of control. The Gazette admits that Morse is a Republican, but had sense enough to vote for Lister last fall which shows, at least, some redeeming features, even in a Republican. • * • • l>mi't li. l Mini A limit It. Met* 1110. (Colvilie Statesman - Inch' \.) No person in the state of Washing ton is more deserving of contempt than the person who having been a Republican is now, for the sake of a political job, humbly bowing at the feet of Democracy, hoping to be al lowed to retain a position awarded by a Republican administration. A weath ervane that, points in any direction the wind may blow may he a shiftless tiling, hut it is much inore worthy of admiration than the human creature who is anything for a job in politics or religion. • • • • Another HII» the Floor. (Chehalis Bee-Nugget.) The Democratic administration and its reform (?) policies do some queer tilings. It lias been decided by tlie powers that be to turn down the se lection of Judge Cliadwick as federal judge for the western district of Wash ington, on the grounds that lie is too conservative. What on eartli the state of mind has to do with filling the position acceptably as judge is beyond t lie comprehension of the average mind, but it suits in this case. Judge Cliadwick has been favorably consid ered for the position by all kinds of people in this state, irrespective of their political belief. He is a Demo crat, but the Republican press has felt that he is an excellent man for the place, and lias not hesitated to say so. • • • • KnilorNeM < i RNIIUI-'N Position. (Chehalis County Call.) The State Grange has declared in favor of the abolition of the state sen ate and of limiting the number ot members of the house, or in other words adopt a commission form of government for the state. The Grange is on the right track and if the matter is placed before the people as an ini alive measure, the Call intends to sup port it with all its might. The legisla ture, not only of this but of all the states is a huge joke. They can accom plish nothing and spend four-fifths of their time in introducing bills and then at the close rush through a lot of measures on a barter and trade prop osition. The pork barrel is the king of the bunch. • • • • Llntcr Maken Hit With Grange. (Colville Examiner.) The addresses made by Governor Lister in this county show that this state has an executive who believes in the common people and in protecting their rights, cutting taxation, and get ting full value for moneys expended. A personal guaranty of the integrity and ability of Governor Lister was made to the State Grange by Master C. B. Kegley, and the applause evoked by this announcement showed that the farmers realized the truth of the statement. The applause with which the statements of the governor were greeted, showed that the Grangers ap preciate the course taken by the gov ernor, and are with him in his work. People nowadays are looking for men who can serve the people instead of their own selves. The Grangers and the governor are united in the belief that non-partisau commission city and county govern ments must come, and perhaps in time a state government modeled on the commission plan. * • • • llrlxlann ■ Wine Choice. (Spokane Democrat.) When Governor Ernest Lister chose Mr. J. W. Brislawn of Davenport as a member of the state tax commission he made one of the best appointments of his administration. Mr. Brislawn is one of the younger set in Washington's Democracy, who has been prominent in the councils of his party for some years and has had much experience in county office and in the legislature. And in every position he has evpr held he has made good. His judgment is conservative and sound, he is honest, he is fearless, is free from entangle ments which might interfere with his usefulness, he possesses rare ability and first, last and always he is a Dem ocrat. He is to be congratulated upon his appointment, and even to a greater extent is Governor Lister to be con gratulated upon the wisdom of his choice and Mr. Ilrlslawn's acceptance. OAKLAND, Cal., June 20. —The only stretch of elevated railroad west of Chicago Is being built In California, at the Oakland terminal on the Southern Pacific company. It is to accommo date the numerous suburban electric trains thai pass at that point with pas sengers between the east bay cities and San Francisco.. The rails will be carried on a double track, ballasted deck structure, ex lending for a distance of about 12 city blocks. These changes are made to prevent congestion, for the traffic out of the Oakland terminal is very heavy. Hotel (farlton Columbia St., near Fourth UlEllim Oil Ellin* PLAN AS til FSTS MAY ÜBSIRB. OIIK.IWI, VVOM R OF COMnnnCIAt TH \VHM;HS. Five inliiciteft* walk from Mteamev IOIIIIIIIKM and dr|IOTN. AN you ntep fro at the ntr or Mtenmer, Jumt follow the croud. Free telephone Mo. 2, for th# convenience of KiieMt*. HARRY HARDIN, Prop. Don't Forget the Carlton Paint Now! A one-gallon can of Patton's Sun Proof Paint covers 300 spare feet of new surface, and will not fade or peel off! JJUY IT FROM HUGH ROSS THE DRUGGIST We Lead But Never Follow Tony Faust RESTAURANT and CAFE Mr. Business Man, If yon are taking your lunch down town give UN a (rial. We Nerve drat claan meala with aeaaonable del leaclea at reanonahle pricea. A. G. WHITGMAIt, Mgr. ROBT. W. ELWELL, F. W. STOCKING, President. Secretary. THURSTON COUNTY ABSTRACT COMPANY (INCORPORATED.) Corner Washington and Sixth Street* Abstracts, Draftlag and Blue-Printing, City and Township Pints. Phone SOIR. Sticklin Ondertaking Parlors H. N. STICKLIN, Mgr. Profeaalonal Funeral Director and Embalmer. Lady Aaalatant. Offlce and Resldeneet 414-16 Franklin Street. Phone 212. D. S. B. Henry SURVEYOR and ENGINEER. Forty years' experience In Govern ment Land Surveying, County and City work. Re-establishing of lost corners a specialty. Res. 120# Oth St. Telephone MSI. Dr. Mark Rosier DENTIST Office Hours: B a. m. to 3:30 p. m. Rhone 231 WHITE HOUSE OLYMPIA, WASH. FRED. BCHOMBER 317 Washington St., Olympia, Wash Real Estate, Insurance, Collec tions, Notary Public. agoege^oegeegeegeegeegeoteegeeleegoe'oegeeJeegeegeogeogoegee'oegeegeegM}*#!* | the ;; | Kneeland Cafe :: | .|i i. »!» Yon Are Cordially Invited to « • eje « I J. Come Here for a «» Ij: Vvvf>\ !' i, SIR. AND MRS. 11. C. RANFT ! \ T Proprletora | | > * 1 ajoejoejo ojeejeeje »J» »J«J« e*eo*-ee>*« egoege ejeeje^eojp - - - I Vacation Days Are never complete mil ohm you have n Kodak with yon. We havr them at all prli'eN. So wimple n ehlld eaa oprr> ate. A lull line of Kodak SiipplleM, M. O'CONNOR let) Main St. Olympia, Waah. PAGE THREE.