Paper of the
VOL. LIV. NO. 3
m Y ptppp f|j|YS OF TIF P j ~ : '
HOW FARMERS EL
ABOUT THE REPORT
ARTICLES IX YELM TIM MS IX l>l
( AT)! TREND OS OPINION
OX t\\ EsTIGATIOX.
Just as an indication of the way the
residents of the county feel about the
report of the farmers' committee,
published in the Washington Stan
dard two weeks ago, the following
two articles in the last issue of the
Yelm Times, edited by liige Eddy,
are reprinted. The lirst says:
"The committee of 15 farmers ap
pointed at a recent taxpayers meet
ing made a partial report at a meet
ing of farmers held in Olympia. This
report was based on an examination
of the commissioners' minutes and
scored the county management in no
Gives Synopsis of Report.
"Among the charges laid at the
door of the county board were favor
itism, nepotism and juggling with
road district boundaries for political
purposes. Attention is called to the
fact that practically all of the bridges
are built under emergency orders;
which does away with the necessity
of calling for bids, and that the Coast
Bridge company of Portland, has
done most of Ibe work.
"The committee was given further
time with power to act and it is-not
altogether improbable that action
may take the form of recall proceed
Urges Voters to Organize.
The other article urges the forma
tion in the Yelm precinct of the kind
of an organization the farmers' com
mittee proposes for the whole coun
ty: a taxpayers' league. It says, un
der the heading "Up to Yelm:"
"The report of tin* committee of
15, a synopsis of which is given else
where, throws some light on the sub
ject of high taxeH, with no corres
ponding benefit. At least it gives
concrete form to conditions strongly
suspected. The line of work pursued
by the committee and their backers
verities our position that it is not the
size of the tax bill but the lack of
corresponding benefit that has ar
"The committee being continued
with power to act it. is up to Yelni
taxpayers to take effective action in
Definite Plan of Action.
"One suggestion is an organization
with a definite plan of action which
shall require a resignation in case of
failure or refusal to follow the plan
as a qualification of its support. Oth
ers may have plans of their own. This
precinct is strong enough to radically
influence county politics if unity of
action can be agreed upon.
"We will gladly give space for agi
tation, discussion and publicity in
these important matters even though
we perhaps, differ materially from the
general view. We wish to emphasize
tke importance of our precinct stand
ing as a unit on as many essential
principles as it can and being in a
position to guarantee a practically
unanimous vote to candidates who
exemplify these principles."
Time Now to Act.
Here is the most significant para
graph of all:
"The situation is serious. When
the minutes of our county adminis
trative body, no doubt carefully writ
ten to make the best possible show
ing, are declared by a large number
of representative citizens to show in
competence and extravagance if not
worse; when taxation approaches
confiscation and the enormous reve
nue brings the minimum of effective
results it is time thoughtful citizens
should give a little more attention to
politics than is necessary to cast a
ballot every two years."
To all of which every farmer will
A heavy moving van carrying the
household goods of a Mr. Noble, who
was moving to his home south of
Tumwater, broke through a bridge
across a creek on the way to Black
Lake Sunday, but none of the furni
ture was damaged.
'"Mew to the Line, Let the Chips Lull Where i hey Alny"
ESTABLISHED NOV. 17, 1860
Only Tliit<l of Appropriation Spent in
t ir t Year by Pnlillc Service Hoard.
Tlio report of the public service
commission just made to Governor
Lister shows that for the year end in yt
March "1 the total expenditures were
$111,089, or about one-third of the
two years' appropriations made by the
1913 legislature. The board is com
posed of Democrats.
An appropriation of $2,000 for lab
oratory equipment lias not beta
touched, such equipment not. so far
being found necessary. Of the $25,-
000 appropriated for carrying out the
new law for elimination of dangerous
highways, but $75 has so far been
spent, the first year being given up to
preliminary investigations by corres
pondence. Of the $40,200 appro
priated for ofHee salaries and expen
ses l)iit $7,615 lias been spent in the
12 months. From the $42,000 for
traveling and expenses of experts at
hearings only $14,54!) has been dis
DOHERTY IS WED
ORGANIZATION* C.WIHDATK WINS
C'OXGUAT FL AT ION'S.
James Iloherty, chairman of the
Democratic county central committee
(luring the last campaign and a well
known local business man, this week
was appointed postmaster of the local
office by President Wilson, ending a
rather quiet factional fight among
local Democrats with a victory for
the "organization." Frank G. lilakes
lee, proprietor of a local hardware
store, was the other candidate.
The commission of W. T. Cava
naugh, the present postmaster, ex
pires April 20, but it is not expected
that Mr. Doherty will be able to get
the necessary preliminary details of
qualification ready in time to per
mit him to take office before May 1.
It is expected that his appointment
will be confirmed the latter part of
this week by the senate, following
which it will be necessary for him to
give a bond and it is expected that
the time occupied in forwarding this
blank here from Washington and
then back and then the transmittal of
the commission will be about three
Though there were two candidates
for the local appointment, there was
practically no bitterness in the cam-
paign Mr. Doherty had the en
dorsement of the county central com
mittee, the local state committeeman,
P. M. Troy, State Chairman Hugh C.
Todd and National Committeeman
Pattison. He was the first candidate
in the field, beginning his campaign
for the office shortly after the elec
tion in November, 1912, and securing
the endorsement of many local busi
ness men that winter. Mr. Blakeslee
was the candidate of the local Wil
son-Marshall club, Fred Schomber
having withdrawn in his favor, and
had the active backing of Jameß E.
Mr. Doherty's appointment prompt
ed wholesale congratulations from his
many friends, in which the Standard
heartily joins. Mr. Cavanaugh, the
retiring postmaster, has acted in that
capacity since September 1, 1897, and
an interesting bit of history connect
ed with the office is that the receipts
for the first year of Mr. Cavanaugh's
term amounted to $9,500, while for
the year just closed they were $43,-
207.90, nearly five times as much.
Eilert Heye, 12-year-old son of Mr.
and Mrs. E. B. Heye of this city, who
had attended the Lincoln school un
til last Friday, died Tuesday at St.
Peter's hospital following an opera
ton for appendicitis. He is survived
by his parents, five sisters and six
brothers. The funeral took place at
St. Michael's church Thursday after
noon. burial being made in Calvary
MU M ECONOMY SHOWN
OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, APRIL 10, 1914
C<>YI.'UXOR AT DENVER.
Will Propose Federal and Siato Co
operation on Irrigation.
Governor Ernest Lister is in Pen- i
ver, Colo., this week, meeting Secre
tary of tlie Interior Franklin K. Lane
and the governors of other western
states on irrigation matters.
Governor Lister will propose a plan
of federal and state co-operation in
irrigation enterprises, already ap
proved by the Washington Irrigation
Institute, which it is felt may help to
solve tlie problem now confronting
tlio reclamation service.
On his return the governor will at
tend the open river meeting at Port
land, April 13.
HOW 10 GOO!! MS 13 THURSTON Ml
A Series of Articles Giving the Facts About the Pear
Business—Written so You Can Understand Them and
Prepared Particularly to Fit Conditions Here.
A Scries of Interviews With T. O. Morrison, Chief of (he Division of Hortleulture
of the Stale Deportment of Agriculture.
By Eagle Freshwater—For the Man on the Farm.
HOW AND WHEN TO PI-ANT THE OP.CHAFD.
Starting diV with a discussion of whether or not it would he profil
i able to grow pears in this county, we • settled that point very
' : atisf'aetorily and affirmatively, and have tahen up cadi in turn the
I various tilings of a general nature that enter into the pear lmsin ss.
i 'i hen we have settl-d on the varieties Hint are lu st adapted 1o the
| conditions here—the Anjou, the Bartlett. the Rose or the Winter
| Wilis, you remember—and we have bought our trees and "heeled
| them in' . and then stopped to consider whether we ought to plant
: idlers or not and, last week, to gather a little advice on pruning and
So we've had our trees "heeled-ill" for quite a while until it's
I about time we started to plant tin in, and that's just what we ar
going to do this week. When we tall-md over that question of
"fillers ' in the orchard, we discussed, too, the different plans of
j planting, hut just to refresh the subject in your minds Mr. Morrison
starts off Ins interview this week in this wise:
"There are several plans for sitting out an orchard, though the
usual method is tire square whereby the trees are planted the stun
distance apart each way. Another plan is the hexagonal which giv •
j the greatest number of trees per acre and divides the air and soil
space more evenly. In summing up the advantages of the different
methods without going into the different details of each —and there
are several points in favor of each plan—it may he said that tin
square or rectangular system is apparently best for all eases for
the permanent trees in the orchard. I will not go into the details
of laying out the base line and especially the points where each
j tree is to he located although if is an important item to consider in
order to have the tree-row straight and a good alignment of trees
throughout the orchard.
"It is a common practice in staking out the orchards to use a
No. 10 gunge galvanized iron wire with iron washers soldered to the
wire at the same distance apart that the trees are that stand in the
row. Some growers prefer to place stakes at each point on the wire
end, having marked out the field afterwards, use the planting hoard
when setting trees. The planting hoard with a hole at each end and
notched in the middle is, I presume, familiar to you all in planting
fruit trees and I will therefore not bother you with the details of
how to use it.
Give Trees Plenty of Room.
"The distance apart to plant pear trees must lie determined wholly
by the final variety you select and the trees you want for permanent
trees. The question of habit of growth of the variety or varieties
which you want to grow, when they reach maturity, is the important
thing that should influence you in the distance apart you plant the
trees. As you know, the common habit has been to plant the trees
too close and I would again call your attention to the fact that if
you plant Anjous for your permanent trees, you give thern plenty of
room because 20 years from now they will be immense in size."
You will remember that when we talked about "fillers," Mr.
Morrison was quite emphatic on this point of planting your trees
far enough apart and if you draw on your memory a little you will
recall that the main objection to "fillers" as he stated it was the,
reluctance on the part of the grower to tear out the "fillers" when I
they began to take up the space intended for the permanent trees.]
And so he emphasized the necessity of planting the permanent trees
far enough apart to give them plenty of room in which to grow and
so important is this point that he has repeated it here.
The Time of Planting.
Last week Mr. Morrison mentioned the fact that there are many
points in regard to horticulture on which there is a wide difference
of opinion, that in many respects there has not yet been established
a hard and fast rule that can be laid down. You will recall that he
said one tree or variety of trees may need a certain amount of prun
ing and spraying while another tree or variety may require much j
more or much less, and so it is with this question of when to plant j
your trees. There are some who are "strong" for the curly spring
and others who say the late fall, hut both are dependent wholly on
the climate and conditions in the particular locality in which the,
planting is to be done. As Mr. Morrison says:
"In the colder parts of our state where/the winter is severe and
the grtflind freezes early in the fall it is usually advisable to plant
in the spring. However, in Thurston county the climate will permit
a fall planting and there are reasons why fall planting here would
he preferable to spring planting, unless it was an early spring plant
ing. If a tree were planted in the spring time after the soil had lost
some of its moisture, there is a chance that the tree roots might not
callus over and force new roots as they should, especially it the
season became excessively dry. Also, trees planted in the fall have
(Continued on Page 3.)
OIVMPIA CUTS PRIZE.
Wins Varmint ( leaner for Riot) in'
j Recent Sale of Red Cross Seal -. J
By selling 1.37 Red ('roes sea' 1 ;>. r !
capita, Olvnipia won tlie vacate:
cleaner v bicli was given as one o r lie
prizes by the Washington .V sorir-I'o.i j
for the Prevention and Relief o' Tu
berculosis as one of the prizes i:i . !i • j
seal campaign sale last Christn as.
The receipts from the state-wide
sale thli year were slightly larger
than last year, amou" , 6,n:>3.-j
70 -nd marking the : : .. cessful 1
sale ever conducted in tlio state.)
Mount Vernon won the fi si prize, a •
three-number lecture course, l>v a|
per capita sale of 2,58 s mis
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
WEYURRAI'E I R is BEAD.
Miilti-mill'onnire Minnesota Unmix r
inaii Dies at I'esadeii.i from Cold.
PARA BEN" A, Cat., April 10.—Fred
erii k Wcyerliaueser, the multimil
lionaire Minnesota lumberman, died
here last Saturday at his winter home
at Oak Knoll. He was 79 years old
Mr. VVeyerbaueser was stricken ten
days before with a severe cold.
Threatening symptoms devclope-l.
and several times he sack to the
verge of death, but rallied, and Fri
day appeared to be all but recovered.
Mr. Weyerbaueser's body was tak
en to Rock Island, 111., his 01-l borne,
l'or interment. His wonderful climb
to wealth was discovered by the peo
ple of the nation when it became
a question as to whether lie was rich
er than John I). Rockefeller. The ex
act amount of his riches is not. known
and it was frequently said that he
himself did not kup.v how much he
FARMERS UNITE 10
HILL FRUIT PESIS
j.vnot r m IEU CKXT OP cot NTY
TIIJiKS M'ii W i.r. ;• • '■ S < HI UK
I.Y-ii'Kv"i'UK i.l 11 ,if Ist>\.
The recent report of the ugricul-
Itural committee of the Chamber of
,! Commerce, urging the destruction of
'all fruit pests and diseases infecting
j j the trees in the county and, in effect,
' | offering to support the state depart
! ment of agriculture in carrying out
1 1 such a campaign, was referred to T.
, 10. Aiorrison, chief of the division of
' horticulture of the department by
Secretary H. L. Whiting and elicited
1 a response, of which the following is
"1 want to commend you and the
members of the agricultural commit-'
' tee for the interest and enthusiasm
shown in your realization of the hor
ticultural possibilities of Thurston
county. In my opinion, Thurston
county possesses the essential re
quirements that are needed to make
' a commercial success of pears,
1 prunes, cherries, and berries espe
-1 cially, and of certain varieties of ap
' pits. It seems that heretofore Hie
farmers have expected nature alone,
1 to produce a commercial article with
little or no effort on their part to con
trol insect and fungus diseases,
farmers Disposed to Help.
"It is a pleasure to report that ap
proximately 80 iter cent of the fruit
trees of Thurston county have been
sprayed. There has been a notice
able disposition manifested by the
Thurston county people to improve
their methods of caring for the com
mercial fruit tree and put the un
profitable tree on the block, and ,
along this line the practice used by |
the successful dairyman who discards
; the cow which does not show the re
, quired test, is recommended to the
orchard man and is applicable to
fruit trees as well as cows.
"The head office of the state de
partment of agriculture is located in ■
Thurston county and we therefore,
hope to see Thurston county farmers
adopt progressive metlfods and set
an example for the other Westside
counties to follow.
Inspector on Jolt Here.
"In the redisricting of the inspec
tors in the state, the Eastside lost
two and the Westside lost three.
With the present organization we are
able to take better care of the com
mercial fruit valleys and the districts
where there is a disposition to im
| prove horticultural methods in prac
tice. A permanent horticultural in
spector will bt- maintained at Olym
. pia, and work the greater part of his
i time in Thurston and Lewis counties.
] "W'e are interested in Thurston
j county and will lend every assistance
to brit>g this county up to the stan
• dard is should attain \t this time
we are conducting several experimen
tal spray tests, which are intended
to promote a community interest
along that particular line. This edu
cational work having been done, we
will be in a position to allow only
good fruit in the market places."
WHOLE NUMBER 2,703,
if IS IE FOR
GiRLS TO 00 M
cast spicnr cbombs
\i:\T V'KDNF !>\V—S HT'lt
l> \V IS BAST DAY.
();! y eight days more!
N.-ven weeks ago it. seemed a long
way ok —that last day, April If*—
l>ut now it is jusi week fiom Sntur
dev. Think of the excitement during
these next eight days! Then is when
your friends will rally about you*—
then i- when those who earlier in the
est promised to. help you Kill So
i' —t!'(n h when the ? ontest will he
won or lost. They' ■ going to he bifsy
days, exciting days, aad glad days,
too. for the girls who are really work
Paring those eight days will eonie
the last special offer of the contest,
absolutely the last— no "if*, ands or
hols about it" —it will be your last
chance to get extra votes for your
work. And then the last day! Can
yon realize it is hardly more than a
week oft' —Just a week for some of
you who lead this?
Contest Clo-es at 8 P. M.
Tit ' contest will close at 8 r> 'cloak
Saturday night, April 18. Everyvsub
s Tiption must bo in this office before
the clork s'rikes that hour. And
then the ballots will be counted by
the judges in the presence of the con
testants. the winners will be announc
ed and the prizes distributed. Then
the dandy flve-passenger Maxwell
"25" the classiest car on the mar
ket- —will gain a new owner. By the
way, you want to go 'round and look
at it if you haven't already seen it*—
Elmer C. Tew, the local agent, has it
in charge and will be glad to show it
And so—the big contest is going
into its last week. Saturday, April
18 the last vote will be given, and
the candidate who has the highest
number of votes will got the Maxvsll
"25" and the one that has the high
est number in the district that does
not win (lie car will get the piano.
The diamond rings, scholarships in
Wilson's Business College and the
jewelry prizes from Taleott Bros,
store in Olympia will be awarded.
HE UK VHE THE JITXJES,
These three gentlemen, whose
integrity and honesty are above
reproach, will act as judges In
E. \V. Olson, state labor com-
("has. L. Dufault.
George P. Valitis, attorney
Chance For Four More.
I Every candidate in this contest will
get a prize—you've heard that before
hut it is repeated because to date
there are only 18 active candidates In
tlie contest, and by active candidates
we mean contestants who have sent
subscriptions to the Standard, while
there are 22 prizes that will be given
away, so there are four more prizes
than there are active candidates. So
far there are several towns that
haven't an active candidate and there
is a fine prize waiting for some lady
or girl in these towns who will get
in and do a little work.
The offer for the coming period is
positively the biggest offer—and the
last- that will be made in the contest
At no time will subscriptions count
you as much in votes as they will
(Continued on Page 6.)
The first shipment of 10,000
"baby" trout received by the Thurs
ton County Game commission this
week were "planted" in Spurgeon
* * * *
J. It. l.ong this week filed suit
against the Northern Pacific railway
for $7,500 damages alleged to have
been received in personal injuries he
says he sustained when he was
thrown from a car belonging to this
company, while working at Cnion
For 5-1 Years
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