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Official Paper of flic fount v VOL. LIV. NO. 31 USE ORif AID BLACK SFEIK HERE ROUS INO POLITICAL MEETING MONDAY NIGHT—ALL LAUD WILSON Emphatically praising the con structive legislation, the diplomacy and the peace policy or President Wilson, Governor Ernest Lister, Charles Drury, Democratic nominee for congress in this district, ar.d Judge W. W. Black, Democratic nom toee for United States senator, deliv #ed stirring addresses to a crowd Cat packed the lower floor of the Olympia theater Monday evening, in the most enthusiastic political meet ing that bus been held here for some years, as well as the largest. All the speakers emphasized the fact that there is but one issue in this campaign—belief in President Wilson and his policies—and in de noting that Governor Lister, the first speaker, heartily endorsed the two nominees. "No better citizen walks within the boundaries of this dis trict," he declared with reference to Charles Drury; "even his strongest opponents in this state have to admit that he has been constantly and con sistently an advocate of President Wilson's policies," be said with ref erence to Judge Black, "and a man who has the ability to represent this state in the senate, a man who would be a credit to this state." State Committeeman P. M. Troy presided at the meeting, being intro duced in that capacity by County Chairman R. B. Fuller. Governor Lister, the first speaker, recalled his speech here during the close of his own campaign two years ago and add ed: "Now I am not making an appeal for myself, but for the interests of others, of individuals whom I believe would well represent this state at Washington city, if elected by you." He declared his belief that the great sentiment of the people favored President Wilson, that they realized he was doing "that something neces sary for the interests of this whole country, regardless of partisanship," and predicted that Wilson's adminis tration "would go down In history as having accomplished more in the way of constructive legislation than any other administration or any other president." Praises Alaska Legislation. He referred particularly to the currency and the Alaska legislation, declaring this latter, by opening the doors to that great country, would bring about a "greater Alaska than we had ever dreamed of," and insist ing that for this piece of legislation alone, the president was entitled to the support of the people of the Pa cific Northwest more than of any oth seclion of the country. "In return for that, shall we send back to congress men who will op pose everything for which the Wilson administration is working?" he ask ed. "For year 3 the Republicans have been crying, 'We must send some body to Washington who will be in harmony with the administration,' and the time has come when, if that argument was good when the Repub licans were in power, it is good when there is a Democrat in the White House, and I say to you that if you ever believed in that policy, it is your duty to vote for a Democrat this fall. He predicted that Wilson would be re-elected for another four years at the close of this term and asserted that Judge Black should be elected this fall so that this state would have a Democratic senator to aid the presi dent to carry out the constructive work already undertaken during the past 18 months. Turning then to the congressional situation, he referred to Charles Dru ry as "the man wlioxn I believe ought to receive your votes. T have known him for 25 years and he knows this district, he knows the people in it and all his business interests are here. He is a man of intense ener gy, a man who will spend all of his time looking after the business and the Interests of this district, a n ian who will get up early enough in the morning and stay up late enough at night to know what is being done in the way of appropriations for this district, so that, it will not be neces sary to send from this district lnfoi liiation as to appropriations under consideration there." Deplores High Taxes. He then spoke of state questions, deploring the liigii tax rate, condemn ing bond issues and declaring "we have no right to burden posterity with burdens we cannot, bear our selves", and spoke of the constant increase in taxes and the decrease oi from 20 to 33 per cent in the actual selling value of property. He char acterized the last legislature as the most extravagant in the state's his tory, told of li's own efforts to keep it within hounds, opposed a $20,000,- 000 bond issue for roads, and said that anywhere from $450,000 to n half million dollars would he return ed to the state treasury unexpended by the departments under his control, at the close of the present biennium. Ho spoke of the overdraft of $450,- (Continued on Page 3.) ESTABLISHED NOV. 17, 1860 10)1$ HKDRO-WOOLLEY BANK Six Hold-up Men (Jet $20,000 in Bold The First National Rank of Sedro- Woolley was held up at 8:30 o'clock last Saturday night, by six unmasked and heavily-armed foreigners, while peace officers and detectives were watching In anticipation of such an attack. In the midst of a fusillade of shots, the men made off with $20,000, the entire amount of gold and curren cy contained in the vault and cash ier's desk drawer. Three persons are known to have been injured during the mad pistol battle. The robners made a dramatic entrance into the bank. Breaking one of the big windows facing Ferry avenue, four of the robbers leaped fhrough the aportore while the other two stood outside, opening a fusillade of shots, tiring Indiscriminately up and down the street to keep the citi zens away. Ferry street was cleared in short order. Citizens fled into stores and doorways panic-stricken by the hail of bullets which flew in every direction for three minutes. When the bank had been thor oughly looted the robbers in a body fled down the street, the one with the sack going ahead, while his compan ions covered the retreat. GOVERNOR EAVORS NON-PARTISANSHIP ALSO CONDEMNS EXCESSIVE BOND ISSUES, IN ADDRESS TO BAPTISTS. Calling attention to the results of the election two years ago, when the state gave Its vote for president to Roosevelt, for congressmen-at-large to the Progressives, for district con gressmen to the Republicans, for governor to the Democrats and for the balance of the state ticket to the Republicans, as an Indication of the trend toward non-partisanship, Gov ernor Ernest Lister in an address to the Baptists in convention here last Friday urged the adoption of non partlsanshlp in municipal and county affairs at least, If not in state affairs as well. He called particular attention to the practice of cities, counties and other legal districts, of voting exces sive bond issues, and condemned it strongly, citing Seattle as an example where he pointed out that the annual interest on various bond issues total led $1,600,000, making it most diffi cult to raise enough money to retire the issue. He declared the prohibition issue now before the people a social and moral one and not political and urged the careful study of this and the oth er initiative measures. He placed the responsibility for much of the current unrest upon the failure of the home to maintain its hold on the children and urged a strong effort to "drift back" to the place where the home would again be the center for reli gious, social and political life. The Baptist convention closed Fri day with a number of interesting ad dresses and the election of officers. Rev. F. W. Bateson, pastor of the local church, being chosen president for the third time. Ruilroad Rates Must Be Based on Actual Values, Board Hays. Previous public service and rail road commissions of Washington, in valuing railway property, have ap plied arbitrary multiples or percent ages to ascertained cost of reproduc tion of right of way and real estate, resulting in doubling and in some cases trebling the fair value ot tin property, it was brought out at the recent tearing in the Seattle Ronton & Southern case by the testimony ot Harry L. Gray, former chief engineer of the commission. The present commission, in a de cision written this week by the new chairman, C. A. Reynolds, specifically repudiates this policy, xvtlicl V has added millions to the valuation o the railroads. On these increased valuations shippers and passenger, have been compelled to pay excessive Interest in the form of increased freight and passenger rates. The decision of the commission, upheld by the courts, will mean that ..very valuation of railroad or public service property, previously made b> other commissions, will be linupdat ed as Mr. Gray testified it was tli custom of past commissions to add the arbitrary "multiples to value of .ill right of way and other tea. u tate. after settling upon the cost of reproduction. This new lig.iie, ■ ,1,!. arbitrary percentag.-saddedt. "commissions and d.scoun s jntc est during construction, and engi neoring. legal and general M was then called the ; r lue "l the line, and upon it all iatcs based. Robbery REPUDIATES POLICY "Hew to the Line, Let the Chips Fall Where they May." OLYM PIA, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1914 POLITICAL ISSUE IN THIS COUNT! Mere Reasons Why You Should Support the Non-Partisan Ticket- O'Connor and Gibson Bridges Discussed According to What the Commissioners' Minutes Show The Duty of the Prosecuting Attorney —Purchase of Road Machinery and Appointment of Road Supervisors BRIDGES—EMERGENCIES—AND OTHER THINGS. There are always two sides to every story. The official records of the proceedings of a county board are pre sumed to be and should be plain statement of fact, covering all sides of a story. If there 15 any favoritism in them at all, it most naturally would be In favor of the board whose proceedings they relate. Therefore, when these records are quoted with reference to any official act or acts of that board, the person who quotes them cannot be rightlj charged with concealing some of the facts or with misrepresenting them. The quotation speaks for itself—it is the official record upon which thai hoard must stand or fall. Take this question of emergency contracts on bridges. The Republi cans discussed the O'Connor and the Bannse bridges last week. The com missioners' minutes are considerably mixed over the names for these bridges, but evidently what the Republicans referred to and attempted to excuse were the O'Connor and the Gibson bridges, for the records con tain no reference to any Bannse bridge. The Republicans attenipt to excuse the emergencies declared on these bridges by saying that "a few days after the commissioners took office unusually high water in the Skookumchuck river carried out the O'Connor bridge and undermined" the other. That sounds good—what do the official records show? The minutes for August 7, 1911, relate that the commissioners (Mcßratney and Rowe being then on the board) attempted to give an "emergency" contract for constructing a 70-foot steel span bridge across the Skookumchuck river, known as the Gibson bridge, to the Coast Bridge company for $2,400, the county to furnish the planking. The then prose cuting attorney declared the conditions did not warrant an emergency and would not permit the commissioners to take such a course. As a result the contract was cancelled, bids advertised for and the minutes for Septem ber 1 following say that the contract was awarded to another company for $1,887 complete, a saving to the county of $513 plus the planking. Six months later the minutes for January 8, 1912, say that the engineer re ported the bridge completed and this report was accepted. Mcßratney and Rowe were on the board when the bridge was ordered and when it was accepted. They were commissioners in January, 1913, too, Gibson being the new member. Consequently they knew the condition of that bridge—it was no new thing to them. What the minutes for January 21, 1913, say, therefore, is mighty interesting in view of the fact that this bridge had been completed just one year: "The county engineer having reported the Gibson bridge across the Skookumchuck river as in an impassable condition and in danger of being washed away at any time, the board proceeded to the site of the said bridge and found as follows: that one pier of the said bridge had been under mined by the current, which had allowed the bridge to settle; that the bridge is a 70-foot span and is too short for the location and should be at least 100 feet long in order to allow placing the piers in a safe location; that the bridge is a new one, erected in 1911 and in order to Bave it from destruction it must be removed as soon as possible; that the removal of the said bridge leaves the said'road without a bridge and creates an emer gency to acquire a new bridge to replace it of the proper length. It was therefore ordered on motion, all parties concurring, that the present bridge be removed to the site of the Prince bridge, which needs renewal, and that a new bridge 100 feet long be purchased and erected in a new location about 100 feet from the present bridge on the county road right of way." The contract was then given to the Coast Bridge company for $4,800 complete except approaches. The point is this: in two separate instances in 1011 and at least once more in 1912, two of the three- commissioners who composed the board in January 1013, directed that a 70-foot bridge be built on that site, and twice contracted for such a bridge, though only a year after it was finished ;hey suddenly discovered a 100-foot bridge was necessary. Would that in dicate they were caught unaware of the conditions? Hardly. The situation with regard to the O'Connor bridge on the main road between Bueoda and Centralia is quite similar. On the day previous to the discovery of the disastrous condition of the Gibson bridge, the minutes for January 20, 1913, simply say this bridge was reported to be in an -mpassable condition and the contract was given the Coast Bridge company, the board going through the unusual procedure, however, of permitting three other companies to submit bids. So it goes with all the bridges. Those of you who read the report of the farmers' committee remember the story of them so well it is not necessary to repeat it here, though it cannot be too strongly emphasized that during the year 1913 four bridges were built ill this county, every single one under the emergency clause and all by the same bridge com pany. Isn't that somewhat remarkable? If the commissioners were as well informed concerning the condition of these bridges as their friends would have you believe, don't you imagine they would have known at least three or l'our weeks beforehand how soon they would have to be replaced? As a matter of fact, ought not they to know at least a year ahead of time? The freedom with which that emergency clause was exercised natur ally brings forth the query: Where was the prosecuting attorney all this lime? He is asking you to re-elect him now—ask him why lie lets them run roughshod over the law an-.l violate its whole intent, object and purpose, when he needs only to turn to the minutes of August, 1911, to learn that his predecessor would not let them act that way. It was on this same 'iibson bridge that this precedent was established. On August 7, 1911, the ommissioners gave the Coast Bridge company the contract' under an alleged "emergency", hut the minutes for two days later say: "The board met in special session at the call of the chair (A. M. Howe) to reconsider the matter of the contract awarded to the Coast Bridge ompany of Portland, Ore., on August 7th, for a steel bridge across tlie vkookumehuck river near Bucoda, having obtained Information from the •ounty attorney that the letting of the said contract without first adver tising for bids was illegal and (onlnii'i i<> law and that under the circum stances an emergency did not exist suiV. a-nt to warrant the letting of tin. ontract." Therefore they cancelled it and advertised for bids. Commisisoners Kowe mid Hellratiuw at i -.e-t have known all along bout that p.-ocedent, and yet tliey have paid no attention whatever to it, tnd Gibson must have known about it, too, if he knew anything at all ibout the affairs of his district. For any of the comm - oners or for the ■ resent prosecuting attorney to attempt to slide around that precedent and to profess ignorance of it, is ridiculous, to say the least. Incidentally, (Continued on Page S) PRICE FX DEMOCRATS ENTHUSIAST!! Bourbons of Eastshlc Optimistic Over Campaign Prospects SPOKANE, October 2C.—The Dem ocratic committeemen of the Eiibi.- side counties gathered in this city re cently at the call of the state chair- man, J. B. Fogarty, in connection cith the campaign of Judge Black or United States senator and of the Democratic congressional candidates from the Eastside. The gathering was an exceedingly optimistic one and the reports made ,o Judge Black, who was present, .'ere that Black would carry ever; ounty on the Eastside. with the nos .ible exception of Yakima county, which is the home of Wesley L. Jones, ■eadquarters were opened here and m aggressive fight is planned from iow until election day. The Bourbons have been very ac ive and have already completed an extensive organization in every coun y on this side of the Cascades am' iow that these county organization nave been joined together by the est ablishment of Eastside headquarter., in this city, they expect to wage a winning senatorial and congressional tight. BUSINESS BETTER REDFIELO REPORTS European Nations Now Turning to United States For Supplies. WASHINGTON, D. C., October 23 —The commercial situation through out the entire country was referred to as "promising" by Secretary of Commerce Redfield in a letter to Senator Simmons of North Carolina, chairman of the senate finance com mittee, the other day. While admit ting that business had suffered from shock during the first few weeks of the European war, he declared both neutral and belligerent natlonß were now looking to America for supplies, principally textile products, shoes and iron. "It la clear," wrote Secretary Red field, "that our Imports reached a low point the last of August. Since then, however, they have gone up again. The tendency now is for a heavy increase, and this, for obvious reasons, should be so. It may be ex pected that imports will not fall off anything like the full amount hith erto received from Germany and Austria. The balance of trade shift ed sharply in favor of America in September, according to the figures, exports during the month exceeding imports by $16,984,523, as compared with a surplus of imports of $19,400,- 356 during August, when the war situation in Europe was regarded as acute here." Secretary Redfleld declared the in creased purchase abroad of American products was largely due to the re opening of foreign traffic lines, the new registration law and the war risk bureau. September imports were $139,204,267, as against $171,- 084,843 for September last year. POULTRY SHOW PRIZES Plans For Exhibit in January Are Announced. Eight magnificent loving cups, in cluding one by the Chamber of Com merce for the best 10 birds to be ex hibited by any amatuer poultry raiser in Thurston county, and the Govern or's cup, which is to be contested for until twice won by the same contes tant, are to be the prizes offered by the Olympia Poultry association in its ninth annual exhibition which op ens January 20, in addition to num erous cash prizes. Details of the prizes and the rules governing the poultry show are given in a premium list issued this week, copies of which can he obtained b> writing to R. A. Lee, secretary. The association's foreword says it "ex pects and has every reason to be lieve, from encouraging reports from prospective exhibitors, that this show will sureass any previous one of its kind ever held in this county." It then adds: "The association solicits, and ex pects, the hearty support of all in terested in poultry, and enthusiastic co-operation of all the people m the county who desire to assist the ad vancement of this industry. "During the nine years that tlu olympia Poultry association has been in existence it lias proven its efficacy in advancing the interests o. poultry growers, as welt as being s factor in the efforts for improvement of . ii classes of poultry. "That Thurston county i» peculiarly adapted, by climatic couditio,, well us other advantages, to Success ful poultry raising, there ' > no doubt; that the same can be made a profit able industry lias been proven by those who hum gone into it ear tic-nl; and intelligently. ry "E 1 r T'r! . V Jj L>iLir<. A -,J PRESIDES! MS DBUKr ill REVIEWS LEGISLATIVE RECORD AND PREDICTS VICTORY"IN COMING ELECTIONS. WASHINGTON, October 23.-, ''resident Wilson made public early Ms week a letter to Majority Leader Underwood of the house in which he ■ eyiev ed the achievements of his ad imir'rat'on, outlined the program or nc::< session of congress and '"clayed "the Democratic party is :ov. in fact the only instrument ready o the country'* hand by which any hing can be accomplished." The president wrote the letter aB an endorsement of all Democratic members of congress in lieu of speeches he said he would like to make in every congressional district. He predicted victory for his party in the elections because "every thoughtful man sees that a change of parties just now would set the clock back, not forward," and because "a practical nation is not likely to re ject such a team, full of the spirit of public service, and substitute, in the midst of great tasks, either a party upon which a deep demoralization has fallen or a party which has not grown to a stature that would warrant its assuming the responsible burdens of state." Outlines Work Accomplished. Outlining the work already accom plished, Mr. Wilson mentioned the re form of the tariff, the passage of the new currency bill, the passage of the anti-trust bills and the handling of foreign problems. Praising the tariff, the president asserted that "private control had shown Its sinister face on every hand In America, had shown it for a long time, and sometimes very brazenly. In the trusts, and in the virtual domina tion of credit by small groups of men." He Bald tnat high prices did not pring directly from the tariff, but out of the suppression of competition, which flourished more easily under i the protection of a high tariff. | He declared that the panic, which opponents of the new bill predicted, had not come, and that despite the European war there had been suffi cient time to prove the success of the act. The trade commission bill and the, Clayton antitrust bill were spoken of as designed to "make men in a small way of business as free to succeed as men in a big way, and to kill monop oly in the seed." He added that "monopolies are built up by unfair methods of competition," which would be eliminated by the new leg islatlon. Justice For lsbor?r. Justice been done the laborer, declares the president, and his labor is no longer to be treated as if it "were merely an inanimate object of commerce disconnected from the for tunes and happiness of a living hu man being, to be dealt with as an ob ject of sale and barter." Of the currency bill Mr. Wilson said: "We have created a Democracy of credit such as has never existed in this country before." He declared that "credit is now at the disposal of every man who can show energy and assets," and because control of the system rests with the government said: "It is self government as well as Democracy." It was impossible to complete rural credit legislation, the letter added, but the federal reserve act itself" "facilitates and enlarges agricultural credit to an extraordinary degree." Speaking of the program of the next session of congress, the presi dent mentioned legislation for build ing up the American merchant ma rine and "the completion of a great program for the conservation of our natural resources and the develop ment of the waterpower of the coun try." "Without a congress in close sym athy with the administration," wrote the president, "a whole scheme of peace and honor and disintereted service to the world cannot be brought to its full realization." 1" nd or wood Makes Reply. An era of peace with foreign na tions and prosperity at home was pre dicted for the American people by ! Representative Underwood, majority leader in the house, in a reply thank ing President Wilson for his letter praising the achievements of the De j moerats in congress. Mr. Underwood said he and his collegues felt that |wh t they had accomplished was due |largely to the president's magnificent j leadership. | By employing day labor under j force account on road work during 11 he nast year, the state highway de -5 pcr'ment has been able to do the |wo k at less oost to the state than i would have been pos dblo under con j iractot bids, au .as at the same i time been ahi to pay 'iter wages j:, i; dafford '• .•ontfori.kJle quarters I for t" • workmen than contractors, It | is shown by a summary of costs on [this work. Published Continuously Kor .VI Years WHOLE NUMBER 2,821.