Newspaper Page Text
Bulletin No. 1
A Mistake in the Policy of the Bethlehem Steel Company To the People: The u S ;" ate of the Unit^d States has passed a biU to spend $11,000,000 of the People's money to build a government armor plant. The measure is now before the House of Representatives. It is snid that manufacturers of armor hare "gouged" the country in the past, and that a government plant is necessary to secure armor more cheaply. The mistake of the Bethlehem Steel Company has been that It has kept quiet. We have allowed irresponsible assertions to be mads for so long without denial, that many people now believe tlieni to be proven facta. We shall make the mistake of silence no longer* Henceforth we shall pursue a policy o I publicity. Misinformation will not be permitted to go uncorrected. It is and has been the policy of our Company to Ideal with the American Government fairly and squarely. ———————— We shall henceforth place the details of our relations with the Government before the American People. The (Jnited States has for twenty years obtained the highest grade of armor and has paid a lower price for it than has any other great naval power. Figures officially compiled for the Senate Committee on Naval Affairs from the Naval Year Book a how that under conditions prevailing Just before the European war, the ehief naval powers of ths world wsss paying these prices for armori England, $503 per ton ( France, $l6O, Germany, s49o| Japan, s49oj UNITED STATES, $425. A government plant cannot make armor any cheaper than we can do it; and— We are prepared to manufacture armor at any price which the Government itself shall name as fair. THAT BEING SO, SHOULD $11,000,000 OF THE PEOPLE'S MONEY BE WASTED TO BUILD A GOVERNMENT PLANT? CHAS. Mi SCHWAB, Chairman l I n. i /-I buqkne o. grace. Prwdent rsetlileneni steel Company I Preparedness ami Peace and the Engineer jl ~ ■ ill rfwOHE Untied States desires peace, based on justice and maintained |9 111 w ' onor ,u msui* this kind ol peace Americana must 5 ■Bvrsl know that nations are now defended not alone by fighting men. la but by fighting industries. The Engine. r» ol this country, trained a» only American En- H ginecra are trained, hold that truth lobe as fundamental as the law of gravity S With the authority of the United State* Government more than 30,000 En = gineert and Chemists, members of five eminent American scisntiftc bodies. E are makmg lot the &rst time in the history of ike Government a minute, p sweeping survey of tha industnal resources of America. They will go to p^jil ike fac|pries and mines of the land and with their sale method, eflieiaacy, Bl • and their sole motive, patriotism. form • vast, flexible organization, such as En he world has never known. p II Their work will be the bans lot creating m this country •MaKm ol g9| Ig defense in time of mi- the ability to produce swiftly, abundantly and with 6|fl IN sustained power all the thousand and one elements of modern warfare pjl |fcg| Without such production there can be no eftciest army and nnvy. ggj| Ha Military Preparedness wins the battle. But Industrial frefmndnm B Is wins the WAR I Industrial Preparedness involves no hunt expanse*. Only 13 H the KNOWLEDGE of what American Industry can do. To KNOW g the extent of each plant, the equipment of each shop, the capacity of each H| He=| machine, the ability of each man. THAT is the essence of industrial Hm- 891 ■3 pnredness. That is the last to which thirty thousand Engineers are pledged. B» The Engineers' work will lay for all lime the (host af the "munitions M [pa trust" by making il possible to have mHaitians made in thousands of plants. H| Hpl This vital work of the Engineer* will supply the military authorities in pj llg Washington with information never before collected, and it it carried for- 9 UE ward without a dollar'* cost to the Government. And this advertisosneat is [jpg not paid for. The Associated Advertising Club* of the World have pie- 9 IP pared the copy and the publishers have patriotically responded and printed Hi| it without pay for the take of National Defense and International Peace. Kajfl | sill Jmtritsmi <fW It ilrllf kmmds mltk tk« Bmgimmrt m tkmt Jmtritm tkmll M g tmrm Ifw m r«<n m p mm imprignmhlt mmll mf dtftmta mg mimtt « dmf •/ trim I 1 COMMITTEE'ON INDUSTRIAL PREPAREDNESS OF TIE S I NAVAL CONSULTING BOARD Of TIE UNITED STATES l§ =§ rin * c —t A — e --i -■ .ir.-nii M s 'tn A — l —"~v-r* T2" A ~r* — '-■"■*■ - 1 Ftiemi n mm = TKr AnnicM Qanctl Snmlj HH| jfe *• nffinccmc SwiHim Bufldna 29 Wai 99A Sirw, New Yrr' Hjl H Tenth AmnmeaH .° .° .° •° FESTIVAL B jnUFJET-®-®-!®!® W NATIONAL DEDICATION 4 Colombia Miwr Highway IN CONNECTION WITH THE ROSE FESTIVAL —JUNE 7th |N LOW ROUND TRIP FARES Wv and the very best travel service to and from m PORTLAND JjjjjL will he afforded by the O-W. R. R. & N. Co. M Ura©im Pacific §>yst@mni ||| TICKETS ON SALE JUNE 4TII TO BTH Final Return Limit June 17th O FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, TRAIJ |EpM |j| SCHEDULES, TICKETS, ETC. | j I|l New Station, 4th & A(la"i8 || UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, June 2.—The Pacific Northwest might easily become an important factor in the pearl button trade, if it would give attention to the propaga tion of the pearl mussel In its fresh water*, according to Professor Tre- vor Kincaid. He has suggested to various Eastern button manufac turers the transplanting of the Mis sissippi mussel, and they have con sidered It feasible. The present fields are being rapidly exhausted, due to extensive dredging. THE WASHINGTON STANDARD, FRIDAY NECESSITY OK TUBERCULIN TEST OF COWS. (Continued from Page One.) which means several million dollars, there is to be added the condemna tions made by state authorities and the indirect loss sustained in the ways just outlined. These facts will, I trust, give you the principal reason why the state of Washington, through its depart ment of agriculture, is attempting to control, suppress and eradicate the disease from among the herds of our state before it has an opportunity to reach the stage of development in a general percentage that it has at tained in a number of the Eastern states and in Europe. In addition to the important eco nomic relationship this disease bears to the agricultural development of a state, it also is of important sani tary significance, consequently it is a great menace to our nation when considered from this view point. Transmissible to Humans. As regards the relationship of bo vine to human tuberculosis and the intercommunicability of the two types, I do not propose to make any extended remarks but only desire to explain to you dairymen the nature and character of the disease and the methods by which it can be eradi cated or controlled. I will say, how ever, for the benefit of a few whom I know are interested, that it is now generally accepted by all scientists, who have thoroughly studied the subject, that bovine tuberculosis is transmissible from animals to man and while not dangerous to adults is particularly important to the I health and lives of infants. Dr. Park j in charge of the Foundlings hospital. ; New York City, found out of 1,038 | cases of tuberculosis in children un der 5 years of age, 101 cases of bo vine tuberculosis, or about 10 per cent. Thq milk consuming public are now demanding and will continue to demand a milk supply free from the contaminating influences of this dis ease; therefore the dairymen both in Thurston and other counties of this state should organize in a co-opera tive movement with the state depart ment of agriculture in controlling and eventually eradicating tubercu losis from our midst. The department has approached this very important problem from the cow standpoint and has urged the testing of all herds on account of its value to the owner alone and in so fnr as the public health is con cerned, we have always stood by the doctrine that a pure milk cannot be sold, at the price for which a dirty or unclean milk can be produced, or in ! other words, we feel that the public shoulti be willing to pay a little I more for milk of high standard and I that the commonwealth should come 'to the assistance of farmers whose stock are affected nnd relieve them of a fair percentage of loss. We j cannot hope to get the desired result i until there is the fullest co-operation i between the farmers and the sani tary officials in suppressing this dis j ease. Disease Develops Slowly. Tuberculosis Is contagious or "catching." It spreads from cow to cow In a herd until most of them are affected. This may not be noticed at J INK 2. KMC first as the disease develops slowly and a cow may have it for several mouths and sometimes years before any signs of i.ll health are to be seen. This slow development is the chief reason for the great loss it causes to the farmer. He does not suspect us presence in his herd until perhaps a large number are diseased. If the disease developed rapidly and caused death in a few days, the own- er would soon take steps to check Its progress and protect the rest of his herd, but on account of its slow and hidden course it is not noticed until great damage is done. The disease is not a new one but dates back hundreds of years, al though it was not until 1882 that Dr. Robert Koch, a distinguished German physician, discovered the germ or "seed" which causes tuber culosis. This organism is not ap parent under ordinary circumstances to the naked eye, but it is a living organism and has to eat, so to speak, to live. Now, to have tuberculosis you must have the seed of tuberculosis, just the same as you must have the seed of the peach tree to develop peaches. You cannot have tubercu losis unless you have the specific cause of tuberculosis. Now, remem ber that tuberculosis does not arise from filth or dirt, or bad ventilation, or unsanitary conditions of a barn; it cannot; it is impossible; you must first have the seed of the disease. Dirt, poor ventilation and unsanitary conditions aid in its spread after it has once been introduced into a herd, but these alone do not cause it. Unfortunately the physical signs or symptoms of tuberculosis in cattle are not sufficiently certain to be re- lied upon. It is true that animals do have symptoms, but these are often found in other diseases. Tubercu losis may attack any organ of the body, so we may have a varying range in symptoms. Some of the principal signs of the disease are unthriftiness, loss of flesh, cough, enlarged glands, loss of appetite, hard lumps In the udder, etc. On post mortem, when the carcass of a cow affected with the disease is opened you will find tuberculosis or lumps in either one or several organs of the body, such as the lungs or liver. These lumps may be so small as to be scarcely noticeable, or they may be as large as a man's head. In cutting one of these lumps open you will find it to contain a yellowish, gritty substance or a cheesy, or a soft, creamy substance. These nodules or lumps are at first very small, but as the disease be comes further advanced these become larger and larger and often extend to all parts of the body except the muscles, or skin, which are seldom affected. Describes Tubercular Germs. The germ or "seed" causing tu berculosis is a tiny, slender rod shaped body which, as I have stated, cannot be seen with the naked eye. Several thousand of them placed end to end would be needed to measure an inch. Once one of these germs has gained lodgment inside the body of an animal it begins to grow and multiply. It becomes longer and when grown divides crosswise, mak ing two out of one. Each of these goes through the same process, the two become four, the four eight, etc. This multiplication takes place quite rapidly when conditions are favorable. Nature, however, does not permit this process to continue with out offering some resistance. The forces of the body are roused to ac tion and a battle begins between the tissues of the body and the army of the invaders. The white cells of the blood are the bodies' first defenders. These rush to the seat of the trouble and endeavor to destroy the invaders by eating them up. If they are success ful the disease is checked; if not, the disease still develops. The second line of defense is formed by the cells of tissues invaded by the germs. These cells arrange themselves In a circle around the germs and try to form a living wall between them and the rest of the body. This barrier gradually becomes thicker and thicker and forms a little hard lump or tubercle, from which the disease gets its name. If this wall is complete and successfully im prisons the germ, this gradually dies and the disease in that particular | spot is arrested. Both of these nat-, ural barriers are. however, frequent-, ly broken down and the disease germs are carried to other parts of body. New points of attack are selected and the process begins again but with less chance on the side of the animal. As the tuberonles increase in number the power of the body to grapple with them becomes less, and grad- 1 ually the animal falls prey to the, disease. How Disease Is Spread. Sooner or later the tuberculosis j cow begins to give off the germs of j the disease. The germs escape by the mouth and nose, the bowels and in the milk. Germs from the mouth and nose are coughed up from the lungs atid are sprayed over the food in front of the cow or are carried in the air for a time until they fall to the ground. Cows in adjoining stalls may take in these germs and so contract the dis ease. Germs discharged from the bowels are mixed with the manure, and may infect cattle and hogs that are running together. Manure con taining germs may easily infect the milk, or a tubercular udder may also give off germs into the milk. The tubercular germ may enter the body through a number of channels and thus cause the disease. In cattle it is mostly drawn into the air tubes in the form of dust floating in the air of the stable. In many cases, however, it. enters with the food that has been soiled with the saliva or other secretions of dis eased animals. Tuberculosis may be introduced in to a healthy herd a number of ways. (1) By the purchase of a bull or other animal that has the disease. This animal may be apparently healthy at the time of purchase, but if it con tains germs the disease may develop and spread to other cattle. (2) By feeding calves with milk, buttermilk or whey that has come from tubercu lous cows. A farmer may have a healthy herd, but if he brings home skimmed milk from a creamery and feeds it to his calves he may give them the disease. Other ways for bringing the dis ease Into a healthy herd are by show ing cattle at fairs and exhibitions, by shipping animals in cars that have not been disinfected, by allowing cat tle to graze with diseased ones, etc. (To Be Continued.) SATURDAY TO BE CIRCUS DAY HERE JOHN ROBINSON'S SHOWS TO GIVE TWO PERFORMANCES IN OIjYMPIA. The time honored and yet magical phrase, "Are you going to the cir cus?" is now being heard on every hand, both in Olympia and for "miles out into the surrounding country, for John Robinson's Ten Big Shows are due here for two performances Sat urday, June 3. It goes without saying that the huge tents will be filled at both per formances. The small boy and his sister are happy in anticipating the advent of this vast tented amusement enterprise, with its many alluring wonders. And it wouldn't be surpris ing if the older folks, too, had- the day marked on the calendar. This season the management has enlarged John Robinson's Ten Big Shows in every department. Over capping the rings is said to be a veri table maze of trapezes, Spanish rings, ropes, etc., while on the ground and in the air five hundred or more men, women and children and dumb animals are employed in presenting the performance. "From the opening of the mighty melange of novel and extraordinary aerial acts, equestrian feats, acrobatic stunts, bicycle performances, animal acts, and other all-star features which go to make up a big circus," says the advance agent, "act follows act with a precision and skill which are astounding, to say the least." An important department, which is free to all patrons of the big show, is the durable menagerie, filled with rare and costly specimens of animal life from all quarters of the globe. An inspection of this display will prove, It is said, as valuable as a tour of any large zoological garden. A TWICE-TOLD TALE. One of Interest to Our Readers. Good news bears repeating, and when it is confirmed after a long lapse of time, even if we hesitated to believe it at first hearing, we feel secure in accepting its truth now. The following experience of an Olym pia man is confirmed after three years. T,. S. Gorham, policeman, 1005 E. Fourth St., Olympia, says: "I was flat on my back, suffering from kid ney and bladder trouble. I used Doan's Kidney Pills with excellent re sults. I have remained free from kid ney trouble for many years now, in spite of exposure to all kinds of weather." (Statement given Jan. 17, 1910.) OVER THREE YEARS LATER Mr. Gorham said: "I am glad to again praise Doan's Kidney Pills. I have used them several times with as good success as when I first took them." Price 50c, at all dealers. Don't simply ask for a kidney remedy—get Doan's Kidney Pills —• the same that Mr. Gorham had. Foster-Milburn Co., Props., Buffalo, N. Y. Alfred Hat tie Chairman of Democrat* Alfred Battle of Seattle will he the chairman of the Democratic na tional delegation at the St. Louis con vention, June 14. Mr. Battle Is post master of Seattle. I WOE SEVEN When a tooth is decayed to such an extent that filling will no longe preserve it, a well fitting gold cro* n will prolong the use of the tooth for many years. We guarantee to ple&Mt you in our crown work. Our crowns are made of 22k gold., the same kind used by all other den tists, and our price Is $5.00. PRICES Plates that fit $lO to $1& Gold Crowns $5 and $6 Gold Fillings $2 and up Silver Fillings SI.OO Painless Extracting 50 Cento All Work Guaranteed. White Cross Dental Offices DR. T. F. NELSON, Mgr. Olympia National Bank Building Dr. Mark Rosier DENTJST Office Hours: U a. m. to 5:30 p. m. Phone 251 White House Oijnij>ia, Wash. Jesse T. Mills Professional Funeral Director T Enibalmer. Lady Assistant. Office: 414-16 Franklin Street. Phone 212. The McDowell Insurance & Realty Company REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, LOANS AND IN VESTMENTS. Fifth and Washington Sts.. Olympia FARMERS ARB BUYING PLAYFORD CEMENT STAVE SILOS when they want a SATISFACTORY SIM) Cheapest Because Best— First Cost, Total Cost— Fire-proof, Permanent— Write for booklet. WASHINGTON CEMENT STAVE SILO CO. 308 E. Fourth St. Phon* 487 OLYMPIA ——— WE PAY HIGHEST MARKET PRICES AT ALL TIMES for First-class Live Poultry, Dressed Veal and Pork. Call, or Phone 93, 94. Palace Market Olympla, Wash. E. N. HcCiintic UNDERTAKER Lady Assistant Reed Block. Phone 13S LOGGED OFF LAND For sale on easy terms to actual settlers only. Small cash payment down, balance In ten annual pay ments, with Interest at ( per cent. PRICE 95 AN ACRE AND VP. WEYERHAEUSER TIMBER CO. TAOOMA, WASHINGTON.