VOL. LVI. NO. 52.
PRESIDENT TO ARM
REACHES DECISION I'PON AD
VICE HE HAS FULL AU
THORITY TO ACT.
American merchant ships are to
be armed by the United States gov
ernment and sent on their voyages
to the ports of the seven seas re
gardless of submarines, "barred
zones" and other obstacles which the
war has placed in the path of Amer
President Wilson definitely decid
ed on this step Wednesday. Forti
fied with the opinion of the attorney
general that he has the authority to
make such a move, and with the ap
proval of administration supporters
in congress and the legal advisers of
the government, the president is con
vinced that he is acting wltbin bis
rights even though the congressional
approval which he sought before the
death of the Sixty-fourth congress
Consults Six Senators.
The president called W> the
White House Wednesday six Demo
cratic senators who have been active
in behalf of administration measures
—Owen of Oklahoma, Walsh of
Montana. Swanson of Virginia. Smith
of Georgia, Reed of Missouri, and
James of Kentucky—and informed
them of his decision. He also took
up with them and approved the prop
osition of changing the senate rules
toward a modified form of cloture
which will hereafter prevent any
"little group of wilful men" from
holding up legislation vitally affect
ing the nation.
Following the White House con
ference with the senators, Secretary
of State Lansing was summoned to
the executive mansion and remained
closeted with the president for al-
most an hour. The two canvassed
the situation thoroughly. Every
eventuality which the move may
bring forth was gone over.
It was said in administration cir
cles that a public statement will soon
be issued, setting forth the exact po
sition of the government in arming
ita merchant vessels.
Plan Cloture Rule.
Meanwhile, leaders of the senate,
which is in special session to act up
on presidential appointments, are
preparing to redraft the rule which
now permits unlimited debate and
makes filibusters possible, to provide
a modified cloture regulation, under
which two-third* of the senators may
check debate and bring an issue to
a vote. If it is successful, an extra
session of congress will probably be
called by the president very soon and
the armed neutrality measure rein
troduced immediately at his sugges
As another feature of the situa
tion, a bitter fight against re-elec
tion of William J. Stone to the chair
manship of the foreign relations
committee will be made by-inembers
of his own party, despite the hereto
fore inviolable seniority rule that
has always prevailed in such matters.
In the house there is talk ot a bi
partisan organization, especially if
obstructionists show a tendency to
tie up proceedings. As matters
stand now, they hold the whip hand.
By going it alone they can tie house
business. Hence, Republicans and
Democrats alike, are talking of com
bining to choose a speaker—proba
bly Champ Clark—and acting in uni
son on any big business effecting In
ternational affairs. They do not
want the charge to lie against them
that they are making the nation ap
pear disunited in a crisis.
Protests of residents of the East
side, in the district affected, resulted
in the city council at its meeting
Tuesday night postponing acMon on
the proposed construction of new wa
ter mains. They were to be laid. In
the district north and east*bf East
Charles Basey, for several years
connected with the Portland office of
the Northern Express company, is
now In charge of the local office, suc
ceeding John J. Good, who has taken
a position with the company on the
road between Seattle and Spokane.
Mr. and Mrs. Good went to Seattle,
where they will make their home,
ODD FELLOWS TO MEET HERE.
Delegations From Nearby to
Attend District Meeting Saturday.
Delegations of Odd Fellows from
Centralia, Shelton, Tenino, Kamilche
and Bucoda are expected to attend
the first meeting since reorganization
of District No. 4 of the lodge in this
city Saturday as the guests of the
President A. C. Greene, of Centra
lia, will call the meeting to order at
2 p. m., the afternoon being given
over to perfecting the organization
and electing and installing the per
manent officers. A banquet will be
served at 6:15 and the evening ses
sion will begin at 7:30, when the
address of welcome will be delivered
by James Magson, noble grand of
Olympia lodge No. 1. An open meet
ing is to be held after the regular
session, when a program of music
and readings will be given.
ERECTING ill FOR
WORK STARTS THURSDAY ON
FIRST BITILDING FOR BIG
Work was started at the Sloan
shipyard Thursday on the construc
tion of the first building, to house
the local offices and the company's
mill, and of one of the three big
Gantry cranes and of a large derrick
which will be used in shipbuilding.
In this building will be housed the
s«WB used in shaping the big timbers
for the ships, the compressor, the big
Stetson ft Ross planer of new design,
said by Secretary J. O. Pierce to be
the last word in shipbuilding machin
ery and capable of doing the work of
2ft men, and other m%chlnery. Next
week the company expects to receive
the big locomotive crane, recently
purchased by President Phillip D.
Sloan in Portland, while a carload of
other machinery is en route from
J. A. Sloan of Seattle; brother of
the president of the concern and
architect of the corporation, spent
Wedneylay In Olympia on business,
going over the lumber specifications
and bids and..attending to other de
tails. President Phillip D. Sloan Is
now in the East, having left last
Friday on a business trip.
Another crew of skilled workers
arrived in Olympia Tuesday from
shipbuilding plants in Saginaw and
Bay City, Mich., and were put to
work constructing the mill. Secre
tary Pierce expects another crew of
15 or 25 the fore part of next week.
Considerable progress" was made
this week in the piling and docking
for the company's site, and it is now
nearly half completed. The lumber
for the new construction was pur
chased from local mills, which have
also submitted prices on the mate
rial for the ships.
ORE6ON SENATOR VERY
MUCH "IN DUTCH," TOO
Some "Want to Recall Lane, Ot hers
PORTLAND, Ore., March 9.—ln
dignation against Senator Harry
Lane'B stand on the armed ship bill
filibuster has taken the form of sug
gestions that he resign or be recalled.
City officials of many Oregon towns
have Issued statements criticizing
Lane. Chambers of commerce and
civic organizations all over the state
adopted resolutions of condemnation.
Governor James Withycomb celled
the filibuster a "national disgrace"
and roundly scored Lane for his part
in i,t. The Portland chamber of com
merce sent Lane a copy of Its resolu
tions characterizing the filibuster as
"cowardly, pusillanimous and traitor
ous." George F. Alexander, chair
man of the county central Democratic
committee, suggested the recall. For
mer Senator C. W. Fulton called
Lane's action "humiliating," but said
he believed a recall could not be used
against a federal official.
The state supreme court Tuesday
gave a unanimous decision sustain
ing the enabling legislation and
Pierce county's $2,000,000 bond
issue for the army post at American
ESTABLISHED NOV. 17, 1860.
Demand His Resignation.
"HEW TO THE LINE; LET THE CHIPS FALL WHERE THEY MAT.
OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON FRIDAY, MARCH 9, 1917.
PRESIDENT ENDNCIATES NEW DOCTRINE
OF INTERNATIONALISM AND WORLD PEACE
IN SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS WILSON DECLARES UNITED
STATES IS NO LONGER PROVINCIAL NATION AND MUST PLAY
ITS PART IN WORM) AFFAIRS—APPEALS FOR A UNITED
AMERICA—WARNS THAT COUNTRY MAY BE DRAGGED INTO
EUROPEAN WAR "BY CIRCUMSTANCES, NOT BY OUR OWN PUR
POSE AND DESIRES."
PRINCIPLES FOR WORLD PEACE DEFINED BY PRESIDENT
IN SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS.
Limitation of world armaments.
Equal interest and responsibility of all nations for maintaining
Equality of nations in all matters of right or privilege.
Destruction of the "armed balance of power."
That all the world should support no other power than the view
that "governments derive all their just powers from the consent of
Freedom of the seas equal to all.
Crushing of any attempts within a nation to organize or assist
a revolution against another nation.
A new doctrine of international
and world peace was sounded by
President Wilson in his second inau
gural address Monday, but in the
same breath he warned that the
United States may require "a more
immediate association" with the war
than mere armed neutrality.
He spoke of a unity of American
thought, spirit and action and voiced
the view that this must be an Amer
icanism steeped in world spirit—in
stead of the Isolated provincial view
of the past.
Electric with the spirit of patriot
ism. of Americanism, of a new world
unity, the speech solemnly suggested
that despite the war fires raging aad<
despite the possibility that this na
tion must take a broader hand, ■till
that peace is coming soon.
Sees Peace Soon.
"The shadows that now lie dark
upon our path will soon be.
pel led," the president declared, "and
we shall walk with the light all about
us If we be but true to ourselves—
to ourselves as we have wished to
be known in the councils of the
world and in the thought of all those
who love liberty and Justice and the
right exalted." ,
President Wilson took his second
oath of office shortly after the ad
journment of the Sixty-fourth con
gress Sunday noon. Before, a desk
piled with executive business laid be
fore him in the closing hours of con
gress, and surrounded by members of
high official fame, the president re
affirmed with uplifted hand and
grave features bis promise to uphold
the constitution in whatever crisis
may confront the nation in the mo
mentous four years before it.
Sunday's ceremony was private,
the formal ceremonies not being held
until Monday. Then it was that he
delivered his inaugural address, as
Text of Inaugural Address.
My Fellow Citizens: The four
years which have elapsed since last
I stood in this place have been crowd
ed with counsel and action of the
most vital interest and consequence.
Perhaps no equal period in our
history has been so fruitful of im
portant reforms in our economic and
industrial life, or so full of signifi
cant changes ,in the spirit and pur
pqse of our political action. We
have sought very thoughtfully to get
our house in order; correct the gross
er errors and abuses of our industrial
life, liberate and quicken the process
es of our national genius and energy
and lift our politics to a broader view
of the people's essential welfare.
It is a record of singular variety
and singular distinction. But I shall
not attempt to review it. It speaks
for itself, and will be of increasing
influence as the years go by. This is
not the time for retrospect. It is
time, rather, to speak our thoughts
and purposes concerning the present
and the immediate future.
Although we have centered coun
sel and action with such unusual con
centration and success upon the great
problems of domestic legislation to
which we addressed ourselves four
years ago, other matters have more
and more forced themselves upon our
own life as a nation and over which
we had no control, but which, despite
our wish to keep free of them, have
drawn us more and more irresistibly
Into their own current and influence.
It has been impossible to avoid
them. They have affected the life of
the whole world. They have shaken
men everywhere with a passion afcd
an apprehension they never knew be
fore. It has been hard to preserve
calm counsel while the thought of
our own people swayed this way and
that under their influence.
We are a composite and cosmopoli
tan people. We are of the blood of
all the nations that are at war. The
currents of our thoughts, as well as
the currents of our trade, run quick
at all seasons back and forth between
us and them. The war inevitably set
its mark from the first alike upon our
minds, our industries, our commerce,
our politics and our social action. To
be indifferent of it or Independent
of it was out of the question.
And yet all the while we have been
conscious that we were not part of it.
In that consciousness, despite many
r divisions, we have drawn closer to
We have been deeply wronged
upon the seas, but we have not
wished to wrong or injure in re
turn; have retained throughout
the consciousness of standing in
some sort apart, intent puon an
interest that transcended the im
mediate Issues.of the war Itself.
As some of the injuries done us
have become intolerable we have
still be«s> clear that we we wished
nothing for ourselves that wo
were not ready to demand for
all mankind—fair dealing. Jus
tice, the freedom to live and to
be at ease against organised
United States Stands Firm.
It is in this spirit and with this
thought that we have grown more
and more aware, more and more cer
tain that the part we wished to play
was the part of those who mean to
vindicate and fortify peace. We have
been obliged to arm ourselves to
make good our claim to a certain
minimum of right and of freedom
of action. We stand firm in armed
neutrality since it seems that id no
other way can we demonstrate what
it is we insist upon and cannot fore
go. We may even be drawn on, by
circumstances, not by our own pur
pose or desire,- to a more active as
sertion of our rights as we see them,
and a more immediate association
with the great struggle itsolf. But
nothing will alter our thought or our
purpose. They are too clear to be
obscured. They are too deeply root
ed in the principles of our national
life to be altered. We desire neither
conquest nor advantage. We wish
nothing that can be had only at the
cost of another people. We have
always professed unselfish purpose
and we covet the opportunity to
prove that our professions are sin
There are many things still to do
at home, to clarify our own politics
and give new vitality to the indus
trial processes of our own life, and
we shall do them as time and oppor
tunity serve; but we realize that the
greatest things that remain to be
done must be done with the whole
world for a stage and in co-operation
with the wide and universal forces of
mankind, and we are making our
spirits ready for those things. They
will follow in the Immediate wake of
the war Itself, and will set civiliza
tion up again.
We are provincials no longer.
The tragical events of the 30
months of vital turmoil through
Continued on Page Eight.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
STATE BANK FOR OLYMPIA.
Seattle Interests Reported to be
Backing New Local Institution.
Seattle and Eastern interests are
reported to be backing the State
Bank of Olympia, a new financial in
stitution for this city capitalized at
$50,000, for which incorporation pa
pers were filed with the county audi
tor Thursday by Corwin S. Shank, a
prominent Seattle attorney.
Named as incorporators of the new
bank are F. R. Burr, A. M. Major
and I. M. Annesley. The institution
is to engage in a general banking
business and is said to have been at
tracted to this city by the greater
business activity here due to the es
tablishment of the two big shipyards
no DBMS ML
10 EltCI DffitHS
BELMORE AND MAYTOWN RE.
FORT 90 ELECTION—OFFI
Only two districts of the county,
an unusually small number, failed to
choose school directors in the annual
election last Saturday, according to
reports received by County Superin
tendent O. C. GOBS. These were the
Belmore and Maytown districts and
under the law the county superin
tendent will appoint the new direct
The directors chosen in the various
districts, those re-elected being indi
cated by stars, are:
Delphi, M. J. Neylon*; Bush, Travis
Ayer*, Mrs. Nellie Reichel; Cham
bers Prairie, A. A. Battenon, J. A.
Southwick; Gate, M. Spinner; Lacey.
Jol|n R. Miller; South Bay, H. A.
Adair*; Collins,*W. Whidden*;
Plum Station, A. E. Sheldon*, Que
Nelson; South Union, Conrad Han
sen; Rocky Prairie, Mrs. Anne
Bush*; Little Rock, T. A. Rutledge*;
Grand Mound, Mrs. Etta Remley*;
Independence, T. G. Pitcher; River
side, Ed Carlson*; Gibson, Gus
Bannse, John Bannse*; Stony Point,
S. J. McConnell.
Schneider's Prairie, A. P. Braun;
Summit Lake, Frank Ray*; Nisqual
ly, P. H. Konig*; Rochester, F. H.
Hlgglns*, C. W. Rau; Tenino, L. A.
McLain; North Star, Mrs. H. K.
Brown, H. C. Wellman*; Fairview,
J. D. Brasch; John Longmire, G. E.
Goodard*, L. G. Kerns; East Union,
W. S. Vail*; Bordeaux, A. W. Sapp*;
Case, Helen Goddard, G. A. Erickson;
Plainview, Mrs. S. Ellis, Galligan*;
Tono, Robert Clark, P. H. Zimmer
man*; Yelm, J. B. Martin*; Black
Lake, Mrs. Eva L. Doolittle.
USTER REPEATS HE WILL
CLOSE MANSION APRIL I
Tells Legislature .He Will Veto Ap
propriation—Family May Go
Final announcement that he in
tended to close the executive man
sion April 1 was made by Governor
Lister in a message to the legisla
ture Wednesday night, concerning
various items in the general appro
priation bill, in which he advised the
legislature he would veto the $9,000
appropriation for the mansion in
that budget and urged that that
amount be used for his recommend
ed investigation of the state auditor's
The governor, in this statement,
advised the legislature to direct the
state insurance commissioner, H. O.
Fishback, to conduct the investiga
tion, if the legislature objected to
letting the governor do it, but Fish
back sent a formal letter to the leg
islature declining to do so, and the
legislature failed to adopt the gover
nor's recommendation as to the ap
Regarding the closing of the ex
ecutive mansion, it was announced
that if the governor was unable to
find e suitable house in Olympia af
ter April 1, Mrs. Lister and their two
children would return to their home
in Tacoma, while the governor
would take apartments in a local ho
tel, spending the week-ends in Ta
WF £ NUMBER 2050
WORK IN HARMONY
SOME OK BHjMJEHT QUESTIONS
SETTLED AMICABLY ON
The fifteenth legislature ended Its
labors late Thursday night in con
formity with the constitutional limi
itatlon, by adopting a supplemental
budget, conference* reports on va
rious unsettled measures and gener
ally cleaning up the odds and ends
of its work. In between times such
business was transacted, a "third
house" entertainment was carried
forth while crowded galleries looked
During the day both houses had
settled some of the biggest questions
of the session, particularly the mill*
age tax for higher educational insti
tutions, without a wrangle on the
floor, the conference committee re
ports being adopted in every in
stance. A generally good spirit pre
vailed in spite of the many "pet"
measures that had been lost in the
shuffle, and the legislators generally
felt proud of their accomplishments.
The agreement on the mlllage tax
for the higher educational institu
tions was reached Thursday morning
and the conference committee report
was adopted by both houses shortly
before noon. It settled on a basis
of 1.58 mills, 53-100 more than for
the past biennium, the worst Jaw
bone of the session, on which the va
riations had run from 1.06 to LOO
The total tax was divided anions
the different institutions as follows:
University, .74 mill; State College.
.45; Belllngham normal, .162;
Cheney normal, .18. and Ellensburg
normal, .1011. The senate had pre
viously fixed the total at 1.80 mills,
aa recommended by the edacattonal
survey commission, bat the house
had put It through at 1.56. Tha
agreement at l.lf waa reached aftar
several days' wraagllng.
Capitol am U—cathed.
Of chief local interest during tha
week waa the passage through tha
senate Monday of the eapttol build
ings bill, levying a half-mill tax aad
appropriating 91,060,900 for expend
iture during the n«st two years. It
had a mora or lesa exciting Journey
through the upper house, including
an attack on Majority Leader Mark
Reed of the houae, on the ground
'that it would enable him to sell tha>
[state some, land he owned, while
Senator Nichols tried vainly to cut
the tax and appropriation fn two.
Tuesday one of the opposing aena
tors attempted to bring the Mil up
again on reconsideration, but as on
the previoua day Senator P. H. Car
lyon, of the local delegation, guard
ian of it on the floor, steered it safe
ly through without any amendments.
: It was passed by the house the latter
' part of last week by a vote of 78 to
18, the majority being larger than
expected. The vote on it in the aen-
I ate waa 30 to 10.
Governor "Peeves" Solons.
One of the spectacular events of
the week waa the veto by Governor
Lister of the legialature's SIO,OOO
deficiency bill for expenses for the
session, the "peeve" that it cauaed
among the members resulting in at
tacks on State Printer Frank M.
Lamborn, a change of specifications
lon a considerable portlol of state
printing to lessen its cost, and In a
resolution directing an investigation
of that office during the next two
years, and, of course, the passage of
the deficiency appropriation over the
Lots of measures were put through
the legislative hopper this week—
and a lot more were lost by the way
side. Therefrom arose considerable
wailing and gnashing .of teeth, a few
sore spots and some rows among
those who saw their "pets" thus
treated. Consideration of measures
was ended by both houses Wednes
day, the final day being occupied in
perfecting the supplemental budget
and effecting agreements in confer
ence committees and the adoption of
them in each house.
A resume of the acts of the legis
lature will appear in the next issue.
A baby girl was born Sunday
morning to Dr. and Mrs. J. J. Mus
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