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Washington standard. [volume] (Olympia, Wash. Territory) 1860-1921, March 23, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022770/1917-03-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Newspaper in
This State
Work will start Monday at the
new bottlehouse of the Northwest
Fruit company, between
Olympia and Tumwaten bottling at
the rate of 90 bottles per minute the
million gallons of apple juice pressed
at the company's big plant last fall.
Present plans are to run three eight
hour shifts, operating the plant day
and night with some 35 employes per
shift, for<at least six months, when
the plant will be turned over again
to pressing the next apple crop.
Quite a number of new features
have been added to the bottling
works since it was moved from its
former location near the Northern
Pacific depot in this city. Chief
among these is the new'labelling ma
chine, capable of labeling 120 bottles
per minute, three times the work of
the old machines. Another feature
Is a bottle sterilizer, designed and
built by the company because it
could buy no machines of the kind
adequate for the purpose.
Perhaps the most unique feature,
however, of the new equipment of the
plant Is the newly patented case and
packing system, designed by Frank
and Frederick W. Schmidt, in which
the filled bottles will be packed for
shipment to the, East. The company
has Installed its own box factory to
build these cases and will feoon be
turning them out at the rate of 4,000
to 5,000 per dby for use here and at
Salem, Ore.
To Operate Plant Continuously.
The company expects to be oper
ating the plant continuously from
now on. It has had under way for
some months an energetic sales cam
paign covering all the territory west
of the Mississippi river, the state %f
Wisconsin and the city of Chicago.
It has 14 salesmen on the road at the
present time and contracts with more
than 300 Jobbers in all parts of this
territory, to handle Applju.
Supplementing this, it will shortly
-start a national advertising campaifn,
-advertising its products "Applju"
and "Loju" and the city of Olympia
throughout the United States. Offi
cials of the company report them
selves as highly pleased by the suc
■cesa of their sales campaign and are
planning to operate the plant the year
Tound and to press a considerably
larger quantity of apples next year,
because results to date indicate that
""Applju" wil sell in volume in all
They are telling an interesting
story about how they happened to
Invent a new style wooden case in
which to ship their product, a style
which they say will revolutionize the
methods used in shipping glass. Their
first plana were to make shipments
In Jute fiber eases, bat they won dis
covered they would not be able to
obtain the number they needed, some
186,000, so they began to Investigate
wood boxes, previously rejected be
cause of their weight and cost.
Lighter, Stronger, Cheaper.
The first thing they learned was
that the lumber manufacturers of the
Northwest were not making boxes
suitable to their needs. They asked
the Lumbermen's Association to de
vise something, but they got no re
sponse from it and they set out to
develop something themselves. The
result is a wooden box lighter, strong
er and cheaper than the Jute fiber
boxes, the four sides of it dovetailing
tightly and compactly into each other
in a locked corner, without the use of
nails or glue.
To finish the Job, they also invent
ed a new packing system for the in
terior of the case and this is the
chiefly revolutionary feature of it,
though the box itself is an entirely
original design. By this packing
method, the bottles are held firmly in
position and prevented from bumping
against each other or the outside of
the box by a layer of a light wood
Continued on Page Three.
Sinking Without Warning of Three Unarmed American Merchantmen Precipitates Greatest Crisis in International Relations—Presi
dent Calls Congress in Extra Session April 2, Two Weeks Earlier Than Date Originally Set, to Consider "Grave Questions of
National Policy"—Government Takes View That Germany Is Now Actually Waging Naval War Against United States—President's
Course, Forced by These Latest Developments, Marks Bind of His Constant Efforts to Keep This Nation at Peace —Sweeping and
Vigorous Action Now Planned to Meet Germany's Affronts—All Departments of Government Prepare for Eventualities.
The United States stands today virttially in a state of war with Germany as the result of the sinking without warning of three
unarmed American merchant vessels last Sunday.
The congress of the United States, called into extra session by President Wilson Wednesday, to start April 2, two weeks earlier
than the date originally set, is expected to declare that a state of war has actually existed for some time because of the unlawful aggres
sions of German submarines.
Likewise congress is expected to vote a large sum for national defense, probably half a billion dollars, and clothe the president with
authority to use the armed forces of the United States, as it empowered President McKinley in 1898. Action of this character would
not be a declaration of war, except in the technical sense, and whether the United States and Germany actually go to war in the fullest
acceptation of that term will depend upon what the imperial government does before congress assembles or after it acts.
The situation became more ominous when dispatches from Berlin Thursday stated that the German government expected a state
of war within the next 48 hours, indicating a declaration of hostilities by that nation. The next few days until congress convenes will
be days of tense anxiety, of eager waiting and watching, fraught with possibilities of tremendous consequences to the United States.
' No Intention That United States Shall Declare War.
President Wilson and his advisers in the cabinet and congress h:tve no intention that war shall he declared by the United States.
By the hostile acts of German submarines they believe the imperial government is actually making war upon the United States and
that it should be recognized as such a state. To meet such a condition the armed forces of the country and all the national resources
are to be put in a state of readiness. Then, whether the nation shall enter the war in its full sense will depend upon how much further
Germany carries her acts of aggression.
In every sense war. if it actually comes, will be a defensive war, free from ambitions of spoils or territory, in which the United
states, the president has publicly declared, shall want nothing for itself and shall seek only to preserve the rights of civilization and
The president's proclamation declares the purpose of the extra session to be "to receive a communication concerning grave ques
tions of national policy, which should be taken immediately under consideration." The call for the extra session at an earlier date
is taken to indicate that the president has decided to meet Germany's affronts on the high seas with sweeping action. The president's
decision was based on a tremendous appeal from the country for revenge for Germany's killing of American citizens and destruction of
American property in contravention of all international law.
The president's course marks the end of his constant efforts —efforts which have been alike strongly commended and bitterly con
demned —to keep this country at peace, even with Germany, in or tier that it might "perform the greater service" of restoring reason
to war-mad Europe.
In reaching his conclusion to lav before the congress the grave problem of determining upon this government's policy toward
Germany, the president brought to an end a struggle for peace—not only with his advisers, but with himself —perhaps the most dra
matic in history. Holding out against arguments for positive warlike-action until the last, the president was loath to take a course
which he believed might be construed as "forcing the issue."
Special guards went on duty in the
statehouse this week at the direction
of Governor Lister, as the result of
the four sensations of the past six
weeks, culminating in the attempted
attack upon the governor Tuesday
of last week. It is now certain that
the next dangerous appearing
stranger will enter the statehouse at
his own peril if his actions give any
ground for suspicion of violent in
The scope and necessity of this
plan of statehouse preparedness was
officially announced by Governor Lis
ter Saturday night in the following
statement, in which the local police
force is roundly scored:
"The trailing of an Insane person
for almost two blocks by the police
authorities of the city of Olympia, a
few days ago, when it was known to
at least one of them that the insane
person had a gun in his possession,
the line of movement being directly
to the capitol building, and the insane
person being allowed to enter one of
the state offices without sufficient in
terference to control his movements,
I consider sufficient reason for believ
ing that state officials can expect but
little, it any protection from the
police authorities of Olympia. The
situation is known to the city author
ities of Olympia and no attempt has
been made to Improve the condition.
"I have, therefore, today directed
the board of control to provide proper
and adequate protection in the cor
ridors of the capitol building, and
may also add that the different de
partments of state have already or
are now preparing to furnish them
selves with the protection necessary
to control such situations as have re
cently arisen.
"Protection is being placed in and
around the executive offices that will
insure the proper control of cases
such as that which occurred on last
Charles Wagner, the man who.
Trailed Man Two Blocks.
Continued on Page Eight.
Country Demands Revenge for Ruthlessness.
Appeals were made to him by his cabinet and through hundreds
of telegrams from people of the country that aggressive action was
demanded immediately, "not only for the sake of America's con
science, but for the sake of the peace of the world." His advisers'
told him that to assume now a positive stand against Germany would
be to encourage the new Russian government, hearten the allied
troops in the field, perhaps create an irrepressible demand in Ger
many for the overthrow of the autocracy there and bring lasting
peace to the world vastly nearer.
It also known this week that in the past few weeks many
telegrams and much of the advice that have gone to the White House
have counselled upon war, and have been frank in declarations that
a high note of patriotism must be sntauMled at once. They have de
clared this to be no time for "waiting to hear from the country.''
They have declared the country has need now of a leader who must
tell the country and the people what they must do; they have de
clared it is finally up to the president of the United States to decide
on active steps against Germany and German military and naval ruth
lessness and to lead the country without timidity over the question,
"Will the country want me to do this?"
This, in effect, is what the president, has been told by his closest
and most trusted advisers and counsellors; in effect, it was what was
told him at the cabinet meeting Tuesday. It was in the face of such
overwhelming sentiment that he advanced the date for the extra ses
sion from April 16 to April 2. This act is interpreted by some of his
cabinet members as meaning that he at last has lost the last vestige
of patience and hope that the war chasm might ultimately be
bridged. Many of them, at first knowledge of the news, believed a
specific declaration of hostilities inevitable.
Decision of Policy Rests With OongTess.
The extra session starts two weeks earlier than originally called.
The time would have been further advanced but for physical rea
sons. Some congressmen are in the Danish West Indies,..others are
at Panama. All will be needed and as much time as pgfsible was
given t>y the president for them to reach Washington.
The president's action in thus summoning the congress two
weeks earlier is taken as an expression of his opinion that there is
no longer anything additional that the executive power can do to pro
tect American lives and interests from German aggression. He and
his advisers believe that Germany is making war on the United
States. Congress is the only body in the United States which can
authorize war. President Wilson will lay the situation before it
when it convenes, will point ou that American men and women have
been ruthlessly murdered on the high seas and will ask that con
gress decide what policy this government shall adopt as a reply.
Reports from the national capital say that there is no doubt
Ihere as to what that answer is to be. An immediate official declar
ation by congress that a state of war has existed, probably since the
drowning of Mrs. Mary Hoy and Miss Elizabeth Hoy, of Chicago,
Allowing the torpedoing and sinking, without warning, of the Cunard
liner Laconia last month, is expected, judging from the opinions
expressed bv senators and representatives now at Washington.
" -l. 1. 1.. J ,4 n.kllA rt II
Week of Preparations.
Throughout the w£ek the navy
and army departments have been
buzzing with preparations. The navy
is bearing the brunt of the work, but
under the surface the army has
shaped its plans whereby it can call
out the national guard anew and
also provide sufficient officers for the
training of a half million men.
The New York navy yard began
work Tuesday on 40 submarine
chasers, hastily ordered, while on
Wednesday bids were opened for 200
or more 110-foot sped boats, avail
able for coast patrols and submarine
Nothing is being permitted to
stand in the way of hastening navy
preparedness. The eight-hour law
has been cast aside and If com
mandeering is needed it will be un-
Coatiaued on Page Five.
———. 1
With the railroad strike definitely
averted, both railway managers and
brotherhood chiefs have been turning
their efforts this week toward a more
minute study of the situation they
have brought about.
The settlement was reached Mon
day morning, after three days of
almost constant conferences, when
the railroad managers accepted the
ful demands of the Adamson law and
signed an agreement to have Presi
dent Wilson's mediation board settle
the details with the chiefs of the
brotherhoods. Under this agreement,
the regulations of the Adamson
eight-hour law were to be complied
with by the railroads, even If It were
decided unconstitutional. A few
hours later the United States supreme
court, by a 6 to 3 vote decided that
the law was valid.
Recede Through Patriotism.
Patriotism swayed to its height by
the sinking of three American vessels,
first reported early Sunday morning
while the conferees were still dead
locked, brought from the railway
managers' committee early Monday
the announcement that they would
accept the brotherhood chief's de
mands rather than give the Impres
sion at home or abroad that the effi
cient operation of the country's rail
ways would be hamperyl or impaired
In the face of Its latest peril. Pre
viously, three hours before the strike
order was to become effective last
Saturday evening, the mediation
board, composed of Franklin K. Lane,
secretary of the Interior; W. B. Wil
son, secretary of labor; Daniel Wil
lard and Samuel Gompers, president
of the American Federation of La
bor, had obtained from the brother
hoods a postponement of the strike
until Monday evening. The signing
of the agreement and the supreme
court decision then removed all pos
sibility of a strike.
Increased passenger and freight
rates seem sure to be demanded by
Continued on Page Five.
- *6 Years
lL>y _
1 -
A meeting of the entire member
ship of the state capitol commission
is to be held next Tuesday morning,
when all phases of the situation will
be discussed and plans made to carry
out the work authorized by the last
legislature. Arrangements for the
meeting were made by Governor Lis
ter Wednesday in consultation with
State Land Commissioner Clark V.
Savidge, secretary of the commission,
who in notifying the members of the
meeting, is, at the governor's request,
urging them all to attend.
Plans previously considered by the
commission, to buy the high school
property and remodel it into a tem
porary office building, to purchase
the block of land on Main street in
front of this building, and to com
plete the Temple of Justice, will be
considered at next Tuesday's meet
ing, the first session of the commis
sion since the adjournment of the
legislature. A complete announce
ment of just what the commission
expects to be able to do with the
million-dollar appropriation by the
'legislature will probably be made
after this meeting.
One Million Dollars Available.
The capitol building measure
passed by the last legislature wan
turned over to the secretary of state
by Governor Lister Monday, allowing
it to become a law without his. signa
ture. This Is the same procedure that
he followed two years ago. The
measure appropriates approximately
9500,000 a year for the next two
years, this amount to be raised by a
half mill levy, making 91,000,000
available for capitol purposes during
the biennlum beginning April 1.
' Of this amount 9450,000, It is es
timated, will be necessary to com
plete the Temple of Justice, bultt
during the Hay adminstmtlon. The
total amount appropriated In this
manner by the paat legislature and
by those in the future, if the policy to
adhered to, is considered a loan from
the s{ate general fund, to be repaid
by the sale of the timber and lands
of the capitol land grant, appraised
, at a valuation of some 96.000,000.
Plan Larger High School.
If the commission proceeds with
its plan to purchase the high school
building, as is expected, the local
school board will call a special elec
tion for the issuance of bonds, the
proceeds of which, together with the
money received from the sale of Its
present property, will be used in the
construction of a larger high school
building. The school board, how
ever, will not determine Its course of
action until after further negotiations
have been instituted by the capitot
Under the terms of the measure
passed by the last legislature, the
commission may change the original
plans adopted for' the capital group
and may also purchase the block on
Main between Eleventh and Twelfth
streets upon which the home of the
first territorial governor. General
Isaac I. Stevens, still stands.
After the completion of the Temple
of Justice, the next construction
work contemplated by the commission
is the erection of an admlnstration
building, to cost approximately sl,-
750,000. This, however, cannot be
undertaken until the next biennlum,
assuming that the 1919 legislature
will continue the present half-mill
Transfer Petition Denied.
Petition presented by residents of
school districts 68 and 44, asking
that portions of these districts be
transferred to district 29, was denied
by County Superintendent O. C. GOBS
Monday after a public hearing. In
which it developed that there are no
children of school age living in the
territory asked to be transferred.
Several residents of the districts and
the Tsnlno school board protested to
the change.

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