Newspaper Page Text
Washington Standard OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON ■ABLE FRBBHWATER Editor Member of the WASHINGTON STATE PRESS ASSOCIATION. SqtarrlptlM Price. 11.110 a Tear. The purposes of the United States in this war are known to the whole world, to every people to whom the truth has been permitted ! to come. We seek no material advantage of any kind. We believe that the intolerable wrongs done in this war by the furious and brutal power of the Imperial German Govern ment ought to be repaired, but not at the ex pense of the sovereignty of any people—rather a vindication of the sovereignty both of those that are weak and those that are strong. • • • Peace must be based upon justice and fairness and the common rights of man kind.—From President Wilson's Reply to the Pope. WHY WE ARE AT WAR Germany has forced America, as it has forced practically the entire world, to defend itself by arms. We are fighting this war because Germany made war upon lis. We are essentially a peaceful nation; we have no lust for conquest, no desire for annexation of territory; we are defending ourselves against Germany because the Imperial German government entered upon a program which meant the destruction of all American in stitutions. When we finally recognized that Germany was waging war upon us we had seen more than 225 Americans, among them many women and chil dren, killed by German submarines, hospital ■hips sunk and unfortified towns bombed and bombarded. Medals had been struck in honor of the of the Lusitania. German officials had treated the United States, a neutral nation, as an enemy. Strikes were organized in this country, plants were blown up, pro-German pub lications were founded and subsidized, and hatred of America was systematically sought to be in culeated among our foreign-born inhabitants. Every effort was made to involve us in trouble Japan and Mexico. Our repeated protests Were met with promises and explanations which were little better than insults. The Imperial German government finally pro claimed the unrestricted destruction of neutral aldps upon the high seas. It was the notification to the United States that our people were no longer. sovereign, and that if they would sail the aeas in safety we must conform to conditions laid down by a government that defied international law, humanity, and elemental morality. A policy of terrorism has been systematically applied by the Imperial German government since the outbreak of the European war. Treat ies that stood in the way of German militaristic plans have been disregarded, women and children have been treated with indescribable brutality, Hie noblest works of art have been destroyed, prisoners have been abused and maltreated and civilian populations massacred and deported. This is why America has gone into this war in defense of American honor and American rights. To have done anything else would have been to surrender our sovereignly, and we would have been forced in the end to fight a conscienceless and rapacious military autocracy—an autocracy which is in this war avowedly for indemnities, ag grandisement, and the control of the world, an autocraey which former Ambassador Gerard de clares boastfully asserted, "We will make Amer ica pay for this war." Our success means that our children and our children's children will be able to enjoy peace. Buy a Liberty Bond, get behind the govern ment, and shorten this war. This is our fight. . Our men are giving their lives; we are only asked to lend our money. There should be at least one Liberty Bond in every home. There is no better test of our Americanism. RUMRARO WILD WITH FIGURES Congress passed an eight-billion-dollar urgent deficiency bill for the army and navy the other day. That is a staggering amount of money, an unrealizable amount to most of us. As much the largest amount ever carried by a legislative ap propriation bill in this or any other country, it is calculated to do a lot of staggering here and abroad, and, in due time, especially in Germany. But the immediate effects centered particularly upon the majority senate leader, Mr. Martin of Virginia, who expressed concern lest war appro- OUR PURPOSES THE WASHINGTON STANDARD. OLYMPIA, WASH., FRIDAY. OCTOBER IHI7 priations should run from a prospective twenty billion dollars this year to fifty billions next year. Hut do the figures for this year equal twenty billion dollars, including loans to allies? What reason ean 'h>- senator have for even suggesting more than double that sum as next year's possi bility'.' Is he or is congress so staggered bv the eight billion dollars that they cannot guess within two or three times that sum where the govern ment stands as to costs of war a few months ahead? This is an admission of extraordinary and in excusable confusion. Figures are running wild in congress, and congress tries to excuse itself by saying that it is the department estimates that are running wild. It is no excuse. Those esti mates always have run wild, but where they used to run wild in millions it is now in billions President Taft made an effort to have congress institute a budget system of eo-ordinated and unified department estimates. He failed. Presi dent Wilson tried and congress again balked. Instead of a public admission of confusion and guesswork in billions, is it not about time for members like Mr. Martin to demand instant ac tion on a budget system which shall co-ordinate the estimates as they come to congress and unify their treatment in congress? CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS Though he has passed Thurston county by and none of his clan has appeared here, the conscien tious objector, right or wrong as the designa tion may be, has stirred up some little disturb ance in other sections of the country. To be serious about it, those who ask exemption from military service on the ground of "conscientious objections" to warfare are raising a difficult prob lem for Uncle Sam. The government wants to be fair to them, but they make it almost impossible to work out any fair solution. They object to fighting, because they disap prove of force as a means of settling controver sies. The government thereupon suggests that They enter the national service not as fighters, but as handlers of army supplies back of the lines. But they object to that. The government then suggests that they engage in the work of mercy, as hospital assistants, and they will have none of that. The war department, in a final effort to meet them on common ground, asks them to go to the war zone to perform the last and most sacred rites of civilized humanity, the burial of the dead. If there is any branch of war service that should be acceptable to a sincere Christian pacifist, it should be that. But the conscientious objectors refuse sexton's work. The conclusion is inevitable that most of these super-conscientious gentlemen are not conscien tious at all—that they 're too cowardly to fight, or too lazy to work, or too callous to heed the call of suffering and dying humanity, or too selfish to play their due part in a great, necessary na tional enterprise of which they are joint benefi ciaries ( with everybody else. If they were really conscientious, they would be filled with shame at the thought of making their neighbors and fel lows fight, toil, suffer and die for their benefit. As President Suzzallo of the University of Washington said the other day, "The conscien tious objector is often a coward who is translat ing his cowardice into intellectual language." It is to be noticed that while the German Chan cellor, assuming to speak for the Kaiser, suggests the possibility of peace on high moral grounds, the National Liberal party of Germany, which represents big business as well as big aggression, formally announces that there can be no peace without indemnities. As it was Prussian lust for territory and indemnities that brought on the war, we may be sure it will not end until that ap petite has been removed from the German system. Every farmer in Thurston county should be boosting for the army post trade concession, and every farmer, to back up his boosting, should be a member of the Thurston County Dairy & Farm Products association. That will give us the op portunity to do here what we have always wanted to do, sell our products collectively on a large scale and a close margin. If you don't belong already, join it right away—it will be money in your pocket. Employes of the local shipyards have rejected the importunities of their Seattle brethren and have decided to stand pat on the agreement they made last summer. That is the way to do busi ness—make a bargain and stick to it. And in cidentally it's a mighty good thing for Olympia that these union men followed that course, as un doubtedly it will be a mighty good thing for them. Great Britain's total war expenditure for the three past years is authoritatively placed at $23,- 080,000,000. When leading members of congress are guessing up to $50,000,000,000 as our war costs next year alone, or think that such a sum can be economically or effectively expended, the need of a budget system becomes impressive. IF BETTMAX IS ON THE LABEL, YOU'RE SAFE. "Just a Bit Different" Suits and Overcoats For Men and Boys Featuring the latest French Belted Coats, in Single and Double-Breasted Models. Also a big assortment of Conservative Nodels. BBTTMAN'S Everything to Wear for Men and Boys. WHAT HAPPENED 111 OLIIFM UNO' STATE IWENTY-FIVE TEARS MO From The Washington Standard for Friday Evening, October 7, 1802. Vol. XXXII. No. 40. A gigantic enterprise to Irrigate the entire Big Bend country, to shorten tbe Columbia river 100 miles, and to cut off 18 rapids, bas been started, tbe capital subscribed and the franchise applied for. D. A. Scott, an Eastern capitalist, Dr. Ellmer and T. W. Goodln are tbe promoters of tbe project. The scheme is to divert the water from the Columbia river in tbe Orand Coulee, entering the Columbia river just below Priest rapids. This will make a ship canal of 60 miles, but tbe cost will be only (260,000. The first case connected with the state's powers to establish harbor lines will come up in the United States supreme court October 17 and the decision will be looked for with much interest. The commissioners of this county h&ve obviated In some degree tbe bad effects of tbe Republican drag net tax law by directing tbo public prosecutor to cancel all apparent In debtedness on tbe rolls up to 1878. Nancy Hanks bas again broken ber record and her time now is 2:04. Lord Alfred Tennyson, poet lau reate of England, died near London yesterday. Theodore D. Young has been ap pointed by the county commissioners to make a survey of Black river near Little Rock for the purpose of deepening the channel to prevent overflow. And now comes the old thread bare report once more that the Union Pacific railroad from Portland to Seattle Is to be pushed to com pletion. Gov. Ferry will be represented by Secretary of State Weir at the open ing ceremonies of tbe World's Fair at Chicago. He will be attended by Gen. O'Brien, Auditor Reed and Colonels Landes, Kellogg, Clarke, Garretson and Stout of the gover nor's staff. They will leave next Monday. The Northern Pacific Railroad Company and the subsidiary sub scribers, it is thought, have arrived at an amicable settlement of their difficulties. The company will re ceive (30,000 in full on subsidy and right-of-way bond, provided the proposition is accepted at once; oth erwise the company will try to col lect the amount claimed in full. Geiger & Zabriski, of Tacoma, were the lowest bidders on our har bor Improvement, and offer to re move enough earth at 13 cents per yard to dredge a channel 100 feet wide, 4 feet deep at low tide and 6,310 feet long. Wrist Watches for Officers and Men Water proof, Khaki Strap, Luminous Dials Talcott Bros. 1872 JEWELERS AND OPTICIANS 424-426 Main Street Phone 3 Reverence (or those who have passed beyond is proof of the highest ideals of mankind. Prices on monuments on application. SEATTLE Paget Sound Marble & Granite Ce Established 1874. • WE ABE PLEASED TO ANNOUNCE THAT THIS FALL WE ABE SHOW. INO THE LABGEST, FINEST LINE OF Men's, Young Men's and Boys' Clothing IN THE HISTOBY OF THIS ESTABLISHMENT We Invito Your Inspection GOTTFELD'S ail EAST FOURTH STREET. •» Baked clean and sold clean Fresh every day JBiwe Ribbon is the best you can buy Try it once—you will always use it Rol&tev Sf Harnett Phones 48 and 49 FOURTH AND COLUMBIA STS. OLYMPIA, WASH.