Commissioners 9 Policy of Redemption
Annual payments on principal and interest to be provided without increasing
present levies for road purposes
The full text of the resolution is:
Whereas, federal and state co-operation and the sum of $35,000
has been tendered the County Commissioners of Thurston County to
aid in the completion of the paving of the Pacific highway between
Olympia and Camp Lewis; and,
Whereas, the War Department has approved the plans for a via
duct over the Des Chutes waterway as part of the Olympic highway;
Whereas, the maintenance of graveled surface on the primary
highways in this county under the intense traffic to which they are
now subjected is not only unsatisfactory but very expensive; and,
Whereas, the so-called hard surface construction of highways
seems to be the best and the most economical under present condi
Whereas, it is apparent, that the construction of paved highways
to any considerable extent on the "pay-as-you-go" policy would
materially increase the already heavy tax burden upon the taxpayers
of Thurston County; and,
Whereas, the Commissioners believe a plan can be adopted with
state and federal co-operation to pave the public highways and pay
for the spme in annual payments oVer a number of years without
increasing the present rate of taxation for highway purposes; and,
Whereas, the County Commissioners have called a special election
to be held on the 26th day of March, 1918, to submit to the voters
of the county a proposition to bond the county for certain perma
nent highway construction purposes; and,
Whereas, it is desirable that the voters and taxpayers be fully
informed as to the plans and intentions of the Commissioners to
provide funds to pay bond interest and principal without increasing
the levies for road purposes over the levy made in 1917;
Now Therefore, Be It Resolved, First: That it is the declared
intention t»f the Commissioners in the event that such election results
Is the Proposed County Road Bond
Issu? Going to Increase
There has been expended by Thurston County from the Perma
nent Highway Fund, Road and Bridge Fund and Road District
Funds in the past six years $737,343.19. From this vast expenditure
we have paved but 2% miles of road. It is now proposed to adopt
a paving program, whieh in the next six years will improve by
paving 40.7 miles of highway, together with the construction of a
concrete bridge over the Des Chutes waterway, on the Olympic high
way, and provide a 20-year paying program. A sufficient reduction
will be made in the road and bridge district levies to create a bond
interest and redemption fund, which will be done without increas
ing the road levies of 1917.
Why Paved Roads Are Necessary
The experience of communities all over the United States proves that graveled roads are of very short life under modern conditions of travel. A graveled sur
face on well traveled roads now has to be rebuilt every two or three years. A large proportion of the fund annually spent on roads in the county goes for upkeep.
Most of this money is wasted, literally washed away, with a few months of rain. Paved roads furnish the only surfacing that will endure. They are the most eco
nomical in the long run.
Other counties and other states are stirring themselves to build paved roads, and this community should not'be left behind.
Let us pull Thurston County out of the mud!
THURSTON COUNTY GOOD ROADS ASSOCIATION
TUESDA Y, MARCH 26, 1918
WAR CYCLOPEDIA ISSUED BY
Pertinent Farts of the War Concisely
and Authoritatively Stated.
A "War Cyclopedia" is the latest
special war publication of the gov
ernment issued through the commit
tee on public information. It is a
handbook for ready reference on the
great war, and contains in some 300
Catarrh and Bronchitis
Those who object to liquid medl
tines can secure Peruna tablets.
Resolution of Commissioners
pages a great mass of informrtlon
simply arranged and clearly stated.
It is issued in response to an in
sistent demand from many students,
writers, clergymen, lawyers, business
men and the public at large for au
thentic statements of the outstand
ing facts concerning the war in alpha
The "War Cyclopedia" was edited
by Frederic L. Paxton, University of
Wisconsin; Edwin S. Corwin, Prince-
Mrs. Rosa A. Klfjs, 318 Clinton
Place, Kansas City, Missouri, writes:
'1 was very sick with Catarrh
and Bronchitis. I also bad a cold
In the head. I used Per una and am
well pleased with the results. It
has done me a great deal of good.
1 do not need any other .medicine. I
can cheerfully recommend it to any
one who is troubled with catching
cold frequently or any one who has
a chronic cough or chronic catarrh.
Those wishing further particulars
concerning my case may write me.
Be sure to enclose a stamp and I
THE WASHINGTON STANDARD, OLYMPIA, WASH., FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 1918
ton University, and Samuel B. Hard
ing, Indiana University, the editors
drawing freely upon the time and the
patriotic good will of a large number
of special wrtters from all parts of
Because of its special value and
the high cost of printing a small price
of 25 cents a copy has been fixed by
the government to cover the cost of
production and distribution. It may
be obtained from the committee on
public information, 10 Jackson place.
Washington, D. C.
Miss Dorothy Walthew has been
compelled to resign her place as
teacher in the Lacey school, on ac
count of ill health. Miss Anna Jacob
son, a graduate of the Bellingham
Normal and formerly employed in
the industrial insurance department,
has been appointed to succeed her.
STEAM PRESSURE CANNING.
Do your canning by the easy, efficient,
economical method. We sell Pressure
Canners of all sizes. Send for catalog
"A." SEATTLE CAN COMPANY,
in an approval of the bonding proposition, to ascertain each year,
as the work progresses, the amount required to pay the annual bond
interest and one-twentieth of the principal, and thereupon, to levy
a tax of a sufficient number of mills to raise the necessary amount,
and such taxes will be placed in a fund to be known as the "Bond
Interest Redemption Fund," and that the amount of mills so levied
shall be deducted from the amount of mills levied for road and
bridge fund as levied for 1917, but not to a greater extent than three
mills; provided, that if at any time, in order to raise sufficient funds
to meet interest and one-twentieth of the principal more than three
mills are necessary, then, to that, extent, a reduction will be made in
the Road District Fund as levied in 1917.
The following resolution was passed by the Commissioners
Whereas, there is to be submitted to the voters of Thurston
County, at an election to be held on the 26th day of March, A.'D.
1918, the question of bonding said county in a sum not exceeding
$600,000, for hardsurfacing of certain state highways in said county,
Whereas, said plan has been heretofore submitted to the Federal
Bank Issue Committee for its approval, and,
Whereas, action has not yet been taken by said Committee, and
may not before said election. Now, therefore,
Be it Resolved, by the Board of County Commissioners of said
Thurston County, that in the event said Committee shall fail to
approve the issuance of said bonds, or any part thereof, after said
project has received the approval of a majority of the votes cast at
said election, to the extent that said bonds are by said
Committee, the same will not be issued or attempted to be issued by
N. B.—The Federal authorities have since endorsed the Commis
Commissioners 9 Proposed Plan of
Based on 914,000,000 Valuation. Interest on Bonds Per Cent.
Redemption Interest Total Retire,
Year. Issue. Each Year. 4% Pet. to Pay. Mills. Outstanding
191 SIOO,OOO 2.464 SIOO,OOO
1919 ___ 100,000 $ 30,000 $ 4,500 $ 34,500 2.690 170,000
1920 100,000 30,000 7,650 37,650 2.914 240,000
1921 ... 100,000 30,000 10,800 40,000 3.139 310,000
1922 —_ 100,000 30,000 13,950 43,950 3,364 380,000
1923 ___ 100,000 30,000 17,100 47,100 3,590 450,000
1924 30,000 20,250 50,250 3.500 420,000
1925 30,000 18,900 48,900 3.400 390,000
1926 30,000 17,550 47,550 3,300 360,000
1927 30,000 16,200 46,200 3.203 330,000
1928 30,000 14,850 44,850 3,107 300,000
1929 30,000 13,500 43,500 3.010 270,000
1930 30,000 12,160 42,150 2.914 240,000
193 30,000 10,800 40,800 2.814 210,000
1932 30,000 9,450 39,450 2.721 180,000
1933 30,000 8,100 38,100 2.625 150,000
1934 30,000 6,760 36,750 2.529 120,000
1935 30,000 6,400 35,400 2.432 90,000
1936- 30,000 4,050 34,050 2.336 60,000
1937 30,000 2,700 32,700 2.240 -30,000
1938 30,000 1,360 31,360
$600,000 $600,000 $216,000 $816,000
New Teacher at Lacey.
Commissioners 9 Patriotic Policy
The Story of establish
ment of olympia
ONE (IK A SERIES OF ARTICLES WHICH APPEARED IN THE
WASHINGTON STANDARD FIFTY YEAHB AGO, TELLING OF THE
FOUNDING OF THIS CITY BY EDMUND SYLVESTER IN OCTOBER,
To return to the Simmons party.
They reached the shores of Puget
Sound in August and obtained canoes,
went down the Sound examining the
various points, passed around the
north end of Whidby's island, re
turning through Deception pass on
the east side of said island.
The party having returned to the
Columbia river, Colonel Simmons and
his family was then joined by James
McAllister (killed In the Indian war
of 1855) and family, David Kindred
and family, Gabriel Jones and family,
George Bush and family, and Messrs.
Jesse Ferguson and Samuel B. Crock
ett. Peter Bercier again acted as
guide, conducting through the first
American colony for Puget Sound
IB Days Cutting Road.
They were 15 days cutting through
the road from Cowlitz Landing to
Tumwatcr, a distance of 58 miles,
where they arrived late in October,
1845. Colonel Simmons took the
claim at Tumwater, calling It New
Market. All made settlements in the
vicinity, mostly on what is now
known as "Bush Prairie."
Notwithstanding the fact that the
good Dr. McLaughlin used the most
strenuous efforts to discourage the
American settlement north of the
Columbia, yet in September, 1845,
when the little colony of Simmons
started for the Sound, he and Gover
nor Douglas gave an order on Messrs.
Forreat and Tolmie (the former la
charge at the Cowlitz and the latter
at Fort Nisqually) to furnish the
party, on credit, with 200 bushels of
wheat at 80 cents, 100 bushels ot
peas at sl, 300 bushels of potatoes at
50 cents, and 10 or 12 head of beef
cattle at |l2 per head.
Kindred Built First House.
| The claim taken as Kindred's, on
| the edge of Bush Prairie as the tim-
I ber skirting the Sound is entered, was
j the first built upon in the fall of 1845
■ —Colonel Simmons building at Tum
j water the next summer. During that
! winter Messrs. Wainbow, Wall, Smith
( and Pickett came over from Oregon.
| made a trip down the Sound as far
as Nisqually. None of these, how
ever, remained in the country.
On the 15th of March, 1846, Mrs.
James McAllister gave birth to a son
(James Benton) the first-born of the
Puget Sound settlement. In the
summer of 1846, Sidney S. Ford, Sr.,
and family and Joseph Borst settled
at the confluence of the Skookum
Chuck and Chehalis rivers, half way
between Cowlitz Landing and New
Market. In the fell of the same
year Messrs. William Packwood and
Charles Eaton, the former accompa
nied by his family, located r.t Puget
Sound. Mr. Eaton was the pioneer
settler on Chambers' Prairie. This
year also marked the erection of a
grist mill at Tumwater by Colonel
Simmons, In which he ground wheat
but did not attempt to bolt it.
The return made by John R. Jack
son, Esq., the first assessor of Lewla
county for the year 1846, exhibits
the following as the produce of said
county: Wheat 12,450 bushels; oats,
9,520; peas, 4,475; potatoes, 5,760.
Of course the largest proportion of
this was raised by the Puget Sound
Agricultural company on their
claims at Cowlitz and Nisqually, but
it shows the settlers had already
begun in earnest to cultivate the
country and raise the means to lire.
First Girl—First Wedding.
On the 10th of June, 1847, Mrs.
Sidney S. Ford, Br., gave birth to a
daughter (Angellne, now Mr*. John
Shelton), the first American girl
born north of the Columbia. Here,
too, is another Indication of progress
—the first "giving in marriage" in
the little colony:
"Married, at New Market, Puget
Sound, at the house of Mr. Davis on
the 6th day pf July, by Judge Sinv
mons, Mr. Daniel D. Kisney to Miss
Ruth Brock, of the former place."
During this year Colonel Simmons
erected a sawmill and the little set
tlement was strengthened by the ar
rival of Messrs. Chambers, Brail,
George Shaiar and W. P. Dougherty.
The country north of the Colum
bia had by this time grown to assume
some Importance In Oregon poli
tics; Indeed the vote of Lewis county
determined the election of the gover
nor of Oregon at the last election
held under the provisional govern
ment. The race between Governor.
George Abfernethy, a candidate for
re-election, and General A. S. Lore-
Joy had been extremely close, all the
other counties wero In and the vote
stood: for Abernethy 475, for Love-
Lewis county, last to be heard
from, changed the result, giving SI
for Abernethy and 2 for Lovejoy and
re-electing Governor Abernethy by a
plurality of 16 over his principal
competitor. At this same election
Simon Plemondon was elected repre
sentative In the Oregon bouse of Rep
resentatives and A. M. Poe, late ed
itor of the Overland Press, was elect
(To Be Continued.)
WHIT OUR FATHERS REM) ABOUT
IN THIS PAPER FIFTY YEARS 160
From The Washington Standard (or
Saturday Morning, March 91, 1800.
Vol. VIII. No. 20.
The indications of spring are be*
coming more apparent each day.
Bright green verdure is fast rap
planting the sombre tints of winter.
A panther weighing 180 pounds
and measuring 7 feet 5 inches in
length was killed near Port Town
Governor Moore his appointed
Captains Fowler and Swift and Mr.
J. O. Swan * board of pilot commis
sioners under the new law.
The Odd Fellows' hall in this place
will soon be finished and when com
pleted will probably be the finest so
ciety hall in the territory. The main
building is 28 by %% feet. The lodge
room is about 28 feet in width by 10
in length, with a lefty ceiling. A
large sitting and ant»-room are par
titioned off at the w'eet end of th«*
building, making it complete in all
its appointments. The lower story,
we learn, is to be Jet for a school
room and county offices.
Mr. William Billings left this place
last Monday to assume th« vacant
position of farmer on the Cheh&lls
It is rumored that Harriet Btecber
Stowe is thinking of editing a week 1
devoted to woman suffrage, in Bos
Mails are delivered in New York
in 17 days from San Francisco.
Ole Bull is now making a tour
The court of impeachment at thi
national capital has adjourned tr»
meet March 23, when President An
drew Johnson is ordered to file bis
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