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MiCXIE SAYS Telephone 977 HARRY L. PARS Attorney at Lew 101 Kth St. Olympla, Wash. Opp. Olympla Natonal Bank Phone 335 F. C. JTEW ESSEX & MOTOR OARS •tang* and Supplies <OO B. Fourth Olympic phrays a Bargain jtciioii's iwijpipnro anexpert upholsterer ftMM coaaeeted and rebuilt [ Quick terries HBjSfffi' «iWW> ll | r yy ' ;W>" wIBBWWUbii BSV » N(it is the time to plac* *»» order for that mono- QbQ «ndletttß talk it over. «,T«PTAIiOHUMIHT __ „WORKS op* nm«fc ooMtarj >». Beny Plants •t wboleeae prices. Q*U DoHar, Clark ■MHat, «4 Paxton strawber* «T plants, $s per 1(11 Also Loganberries, Black Daps, aid Barberries. ft you wish to plant nest spring, place your order early. fcijg'i Fnrit Rock Olympla, Wash. P:, 'r ■'#' •• ©nshingtw Stand arb OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON j. M. TADMU Iv Editor and Publisher Founded by John Miller Murphy lssii(»d Twice a Week TbojkJujs and Fridays -•—»|| ill • !■ ■— T~ ■ I ■l————— I SLUKCIUPTIOX PRICK, 92.00 A YEAR TAXATION Tho grcatset power the state has is the power of taxation. All the police power, all the welfare power, and every function of gov ernment depends upon the power to raise the necessary revenue to pay the cost of the same. No bonds could be issued, no improvements undertaken by the state without the power to pay for the same by taxation. Taxes can be so levied that one class of citizens benefit and another class suffer by reason of inequitable) taxation. Taxes may even be devised that will take from one class of citizens and give it directly to another class, without the government receiving any benefit; witness the "protective" tariff which professes to protect American manufacturers by compelling American consumers to pay them a higher price for their products. Taxes can be levied so as to penalize industry and thrift, namely, taxes on improvements or per sonal property. Poll taxes are assessed upon all alike, without re gard to their ability to pay, or to the amount of benefit they and their property receive from organized government. There are two principles upon which equitable taxation depends: namely, the extent of protection received at the hands of the govern ment, and the ability to pay. Judged from both these basic prin ciples the rich man should pay heavier taxes than the poor man, for he receives police protection for his larger property interests in addi tion to personal protection for himself and family, which the poor man also receives. Then the wealthy man is abler to pay than the poor man, as a rule. Both property tax and income tax are based upon the ability to pay, as well as upon the protection received. Tariff is based upon not what a man is worth, but what he eats and wears, or in other words what he consumes. Poll taxes are assessed wholly upon the personal (and not property) benefits received, and are paid by rich and poor alike. Stamp taxes are assessed upon legal and business transactions, and to a degree hamper the free operation of business. Single tax proposes to raise all the needed revenues by a tax upon un improved real estate values (full rental value thereof), exempting from taxation all forms of business, all improvements, all personal property, and all taxes upon polls. Its theory is that it taxes only the natural resources, every man paying according to the amount of nature's bounty used. It is claimed for the tariff that people pay it most readily be cause they pay it when purchasing the necessities or luxuries of life, and therefore do not realize they are paying a tax. Income taxea are urged because they are held to correspond most nearly to what men are able to pay. Excess profits taxes are praised because they .tax those who have profited by some unusual condition, such as war. The whole subject of taxation should be studied thorohly by every taxpayer, and especially by the members of the legislature, who are charged with the necessity of devising ways and means of raising revenues sufficient to carry on the government, educate the children, make the necessary improvements, etc. MAKE A BUDGET Many are the ways to start the New Year right. None is better than thinking straight about money matters. Master money matters or they will master you, the slogan of the Y. M. C. A.'s National Thrift Week, is a slogan well worth adopting in the year 1920. Never was there a tnlie when persons should be more careful about finances. In the post-war era, every little leak should be stopped not only for the sake of the individual, but for the welfare of the country. Everyone handling money, no matter how small the amount, should make a budget. Persons should know just where the money goes. This is only possible when a record of expenditures is kept, By making a budget a personknows in andvance what expenses will be. By this plan one is able to work well within the income and save. Persons who follow the budget plan are building character, mak ing friends and progress. The budget plan gives one a measuring rod with which to. scale his. position in a community. 1 m THE CANNING INDUSTRY The most important industry for western states the stand point of a purely home industry is the fruit and vegetable canning business. The employment given to people in cities, towns and country at healthfal occupations and profitable work reaches classes not other wise employed. Extended to orchard products and the utilization of waste apples, pears, 'peaches and fruit that is below fresh market standards this industry conserves millions of dollars worth of food products. From the cannery by-product are made articles like vinegar, jellies, james and preserves, and the whole industry is clean and wholesome. Larger acreage of fruits and more canneries are making this in dustry the equal of farming itself, to say nothing of the demand created for box factories and can factories. THE CHAMBER SHOULD ACT The turning dawn of the Yelm road by Messrs. Neylon and Rowe was an out-and-out repudiation of an honorable agreement mad# by Olympia people voiced by the Chamber of Commerce, and also promised by the board of county commissioners. Actions of this nature cannot be done with impunity; they will surely reiyt upon the men who thus break faith with the people. Yelm must have this road. There's no excuse for the delay. The people of the city Bhould call a meeting at once and get an expression on the commis sioners' action, and locate the cause for this about-fade on the road i proposition. THE WASHINGTON STAND/RD. OLYMPIA. WASHINGTON FRIDAY. JANUARY 21. 1921 What Happened in Olympia . and State 60 Years Ago -Mr. Hubbs pressnted a petition from citizens of Island county pray ing for the erection of a county to be called Snohomish, read and re ferred to committee 011 counties. Mr. Clarke introduced a general incorporation law, which was ordered printed. The following bills from the House were Introduced: "An act relocating the County seat of Island county ani a bill establishing the County of Sto shone" read and referred to com mittee on Counties. The House bill relative to the navigation of Oak Point Slough, referred to committee on commerce. The council took up the bill divorc ing John A. Cantivell. On motion of Mr. Caples the sergeant at arms was directed to procure the attendance of Henry Miles. Mr. Stone of Cowlitz and Dr. Warbass to give testimony. The president of the council very justly objected to the counc.l being converted into a jury to try divorce cases. It is really ventilating to see a disposition even thus late, to stay these hasty ill advised divorce pro ceeings. After Mr. Miles had made his statement the bill was referred to committee on Judiciary. Mr. Denny introduced a bill for the selection of the two townships of land donated for University pur poses, providing commissioners, and the location of a permanent site. Mr. Biles moved to refer to committee on education. Mr. Denny moved to suspend rules, and read a third time now, which being carried, the bill was fead and passed. Mr. Cunningham introduced a memorial for the continuance of the semi-monthly mail., by steamer from San Francisco to Olympla by way of Puget Sound. The Joint Resolution providing for a joint convention for the election of Territorial officers was referred to a special committee consisting of Messrs Warbass, Van Vleet, and Stone of Kitsap, with Instruction to report tomorrow morning. Mr. Stone of Kitsap; an act to in corporate the Kane Lodge No. 8 of Free and Accepted Masons. Under a suspension of the rules the bill passed. We notice that maple trees are being placed in •front of the M. E. church on Fourth street. In the summer they will cast a delightful shade rnd greatly beautify that por tion of town. We had a fall of snow on Thurs day. * On the 20th of November, 1860, bt the "Hermitage" Amelia Co. Va., by the Rev. P. F. Berkely. B. J. Harvle 9th, Infantry U. S. A. to Miss Mary B. Meade. On the 25th of November, 1860 at We Carry a Complete Line automobile oils, grease, ti WE INVITE TOUR INSPECTION DISTRIBUTORS DIAMOND TIRES ALL GOODS GUARANTEED Olympia Auto Supply Co* H. N. STIC KLIN FOURTH AND FRANKLIN STB. PHONE 206 Our Neu) Resolution To continue our policy of always giving you more for your clothes money than you can get anywhere else. Always to have for you the clothes you can depend on to be the latest in style and the highest in quality. To continue to improve every de tail of oru service until it becomes as nearly perfect as we can make it. And finally, to refund your money freely and cheerfully any time ysu fail to get complete satisfac tion. BETTMAN'S Everything to Wear for Men and Boya Los Angeles, California, Louis Bett man of Olympia, U. T. to Miss Amelia Copplenzer of the former city. WEIGHTS, MEASURES BUREAU INSPECTS 888 INSTRUMENTS Six Field Inspectors Visit ISS Cities and 220 Business Places During October. The report of the bureau of weights and measures for the month of Dec ember, 1920, shows that a total of' 338 scales, weights and measures were inspected by the state during that period. With six Inspectors in the field 125 cities were visited during the month, 229 business places visited, entire time to motor vehicle work. Of the scales weights and measures inspected, 295 were approved, 22 ad- Justed, 21 condemned with none con fiscated this month making a total of 141 Inspected. With the previous figures added to those of the last month it now brings the grand total to cities visited by the department, 480; business places visited, 10,«81; miles traveled. 7,402; Total scales weights and meas ures inspected, 3,237. with a total of 2,269 miles traveled. Two of the Inspectors devoted their DOORS OF SENATE CLOSED EXCEPT TO THE ELECT, OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYES Lobbyists at this session of the leg islature are finding their prirleges i circumscribed more than ever before in Olympla. The senate has placed a ban upon all lobbyists. The alleged cause for placing the ban hlngee primarily around the ac tivities of a group of lobbyists who have infested the senate chamber* since the session opened, it is said, and consequently Interfered to a great extent with the work of the senators. As the senate chamber Is the only office the senators have while in Olympla they must do their work during recess at their desks. The lieutenant governor has revoked all individual admission tickets to the poor of the senate when the body la not in session, and has instructed all doorkeepers to strictly enforce the rules of admission in the future. This means that only senators, state offi cials, employes, members of the house and newspaper correspondents who have been extended the courtesy of the senate, will be admitted to the senate at any time.