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THE WASHINGTON STATEBMAN is issued every Friday morning. N. Noxfrnor, R. B. SMITH, R. R. Russ, Editors and Proprietors. ﬂ’ Oﬂice—Msin Street, Walla Walla, W. 'l‘. TERMS INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. ,W 3‘ V runs or SUBSCRIPTION: ﬂew” 00 8 nths2 50 Single c0pie5.............................._:.....25 suits or anvnmrsma: ‘One square Stan lines or less) four insertions. .86 00 For each ad itionnl insertion......... . . . . ......1 00 Onesqusre per year,.........................20 00 Yearly advertisements of 2 sqs. or more, pr sq. .16 00 Hslfyearly, per5quare.......................12 00 FA“ advertisements of half column or more wi 1 be inserted by special contract. [3" Advertisements to ensure insertion, must be handed in as early as Thursday, nnd the number of insertions desire should be noted on the margin, \otherwise they will be mntinned until forbidden. \ WASHINGTON STA’I‘FSMﬂ Boom CARD, AND Jon ram 11-516 ‘lC’E' ——-Main street, Walla Walla. The proprietors beg leave to announce to the people of Walla Walla and vicinity, that they have a. varied and complete assortment of PLAIN and ORNAMENTAL JOB AND CARD TYPES, which make their facilities for executing all kinds of plain and ornamental printing unsurpassed by any oﬂice in the Territory. All on]: rs for any of the follow ing named descriptions of printing will be attended to promptly, and executed in the neatest style : ooxs, BLANK Cnscxs, Psnnruns'rs, N ornson HAND, HANDBILLS, ORDER. Booxs, BALL Trans-rs, Srnsuno‘r BILLS, CIRCULARS, Srsuno’r Cums, Invrnrrons, BILLS or LAnmo, anmnss Cums, CERTIFICATES, BILLKEADS, Snow BILLs, Concern BILLS, CHECK Booxs, Pnoammxss, BL’x RECEIPTS, Annnnss Cums, Drums, Buns on ALL KINDS, &c., &c., &c. H. C. COULSON, TTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW- A Notary Public—Walla Walla. W. T. Pre-em tiou papers prepared for Land Claimants. ”Ctﬁections promptly attended to. 1y ,_____.____.__._—____ DR. 1. H. HARRIS, Assistant Surgeon (f the Military Post at Walla Walla, LATE of Yrcka, Cal., offers his professional ser vices to the citizens of the city of Walla Walla and surrounding country. He will devote especial attention to the diseases of Females and Children, Private consultations held at his ofﬁce, in John Scranton’s building. Q'Dr. Harris may be found at the Garrison from 9 P. M. until 9 A. M., and at his ofﬁce in the city during the day. ‘ ‘ 1y DR. L. DANFORTH, OFFERS his Professional services to the people of Walla Walla and vicinit . He has perma nently located here. and feels that he can give en tire satnfaction to those who may require his servi ces, as he is familiar With the diseases peculiar to “318 coast, hilVlllg practiced in Oregon and Califor nia for thirteen years. The Doctor is well supplied with Surgical Instru ments, and will practice the profession in all its branche<. 1y DR. J. A. MULLAN, FORMERIX Resident Physician at Blackwell’s Island Prison, N. Y., and at the Baltimore Alma-house. Md.—has located in Walla Walla, and res iectfully tenders his services to the community, .in tam practice of Medicine and Surgery. Ofﬁce on Main street. in Court Building. ltf DR. R. BERNHARD, ESPECTFULLY offers his services to the pub R lic generally, in the practice of Surgery and Medicine in and around Walla. Walla. Ofﬁce—Dr. Craig's Drug store. Im6 WALTER W. JOHNSON, CIVIL ENGINEER, United States Deputy Sur' veyor for Donation claims, Walla Walls. 1 77 7 Y L. TERRY, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON—Ofﬁce in Dr. Craig's Drug store, Walla Walla. 1y (:30. IIIWIL—L‘IAMS, A. c. owns. J. J. Hon-‘31:; (Late Chief Justice.) WILLIAMS, GIBBS «SE HOFFMAN, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LAW, Portland. Oregon—Will practice in all the courts of Oregon and Washington Territory. omm on the Levee, over the new Post. oﬂice. ______.__-__l_ E. HAMILTON, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, Portland, Oregon. ﬂ'Oﬁice on Washington street, second door above First street. 1y R. T. ALLEN, AUCTIONEER, WALLA WALLA—WiII attend to the Purchase and sale of Horses, 6w. Goods so (1 upon the most reasonable commis sions. # lml $31,088.61 BROOKS, 1‘ QéﬁTRAC’PQP-S AND BUILDERS—Shop on the C orpor, ﬁrst street south of Main street, Walla \Wnllo. . . ' ,H ylng had long expmence In conymctmg and ,Jguil‘ging, we will guarantee that all kinds of car ,penter and joiner work undertaken bf: us will be 'executed promptlly and in a workman Ike manner. ‘ ‘ Designs for bui ding will be executed upon appli ‘oation. _ __ , A 1y W. PHILLIPS, .HAS ON HAND a large and well selected stock of TIN WARE, manufactured under his su pervision by experienced workmen. STOVES of .varions sizes, styles and patterns, Minin Imple .ments,&c_., &c., all of which will be 30% at ex ,tremely low prices. Your patronage ls respectfully solicited. 1y J. W. COOK, ‘ ANUF‘ACTURER and Wholesale and Retail M Dealer in Tents. Awnings. Wagon Covers, Ceilings and SacksJ’orland, ()r‘ég'on. Tents, Awnings, and Wagon Covers, made to vorder. Flour and Grain Sacks constantly on hand and lmade to order. Orders from a distance promptly attended to.— -'All orders made returnable by the ﬁrst conveyalnce. y .________________..___——-——— ' J. R. CARDWELL, DENTIST—WiII visit Walla Walla on profession al business within a few weeks. Deﬁnite no ‘tice of the time will be given. 1y ELFELT BROS, MAIN STREET, DALLES, OREGON—Dealers in Eancy and Staple Dry Goods. Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Gents’ Furnishing goods, land Groceries. Every steamer supplies us with the best of the ‘-above description of goods. All orders,large or small, will be attended to ‘with promptness and care. 1y W GRADON & STUDERUS, WAGON,CARRIAGE AND BUGGY MANU facturers—Front street, Portland, at North ‘end of’the Bridge, nearly opposite Besser’s Saw :mill. (Shop formerly occupied by Hay & Gradon.) Wagons of every description made to order.— ‘Orders from the country promptly attended to. 1y W BUTLER. & BRO., IONEER H;TTERS. Portland, Oregon—Mann P facture to order, 3nd‘h'ave on hand, every des ription of Hat to be fonnn :n San Francxaco. Give usa call, or send your measura, and you 5h,“ h. m.» «Inn with. 1y :3; , 7.5.: ’:;_r' ~ “Irwin, _ ?” ‘g‘ézhiii‘ ‘ , waﬁ , / < o ~.CAIN dz NUGENT, q TTORNEYS AT LAW, Walla Walla, W. T.— Oﬁice, near the residence of A. J. Cain. 2y CHARLES HERZOG, ENTlST—Tenders his services to the citizens of D Walla Walla and vicinity, and promises in the ‘various branches of his profession to render entire ‘ satisfaction to those who lniljy desire to patronize him. ‘ Oﬂice, 4th Door above nion Hotc , Main street, ‘ Walla Walla. 2n" DR. D. G. CAMPBELL, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, formerly of Cor vallis, Oregon—Office at the North and and West side of Main street, Walla Walla. ltf D. s. BAKER, IRE-PROOF BRICK BUILDING, MAIN STREET, Walla Walla, Wholesale and Retail dealer in GENERAL MERCHANDISE, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, N “as, &0.. &a., the ~ Also, comment: yen ban“ ‘a large swﬁly’b‘r‘ ' a-MINERS' AND I’ACIgERS’ GOO Sf“ w. A. anonen. _ a. o. SPARKS. GEORGE dz SPARKS, TTORNEYS AND (‘OUNSELORS AT LAW—- Walla Walla, Washington Territory. Will attend all the Courts in Washington and Ore gon east of the Cascade mountains, an the Supreme Court of this Territory. E 3: Particular attention paid to the collection of de ts, and the securing of pre-emption rights. Ofﬁce on Main street, opposite the Printing oﬂice. Dec. 6, 1861. 2y E. M. SAMMIS, PHOTOGRAPHIST AND AMBROTYPIST— Main street, Walla W'alla. Pictures taken in cloudy;as well as clear weather Likenesses of children accurately taken. ltf FOR NEZ PERCES MINES.) 1 HE OREGON STEAM NAVIGA- T tion Co‘s Steamers will run on the % Columbia river as follows : 'rns STEAHER JULIA. W0LF............_.‘_.................,.C0'mmander, Will leave Portland every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. at 6 A. M- Conneeting with the steamer ‘ IDAHO, IMcNULTY. . . . . . . .. . .. . .Commander 1 At the Cascades, ’ W l FOR DALLES CITY, Arriving same day. New Suzanna TENINO, m W111TE......... .......,.............Commander, Will Leave Des Cllntes for Wallula every Tuesday. Returning, leaves Wallnla every Thursday at 6 A. u. Passage from Portland to the Dalles,. . . . . . . . . .88 00‘ I Portage at Cassades extra. ‘ Animals from Portland to Dalles,. , . . . .. ... .. . .5 00 Passage from Des Chutes to \Vallula. . .. . . . . . . .15 00 l WNo Extra charge for meals. ' J. C. AINSWORTII, 1». Pres’t O. S. N. Go. M. L. FRANK a 00., Wholesale and Retail DEALERS IN T TOBACCO, SEGARS, FANCY CUTLERY, PLAYING CARDS. STATUARY. FRUITS, CONFECTIONARIES. CHILDREN’S TOYS, In iact,everytlling to be found in a Gen eral Variety Store, and many articles not to be found at any other establishment in town, OUR Motto is, “ Small Proﬁts and Quick Sales.” To dealers, we offer superior illducc~ ments, as OUR STOCK ls LARGE AND WELL SELECTED, . and we have no doubt will suit, both as to quality and price. We invite the public gen erally to call and examine our stock before purchasing elsewhere. In addition to our assortment now on hand, we have supplies constantly arriving. ‘3‘ Give us a call and try us.‘“ S‘roan on Main street, Walla Walla Walla, W. 'l‘. M. L. FRANK & 00. Nov. 29, 1861, 11116 L. C. KINNEY, M. D., PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, ENDERS his professional services to the citizens T of Walla Wu 1a and vicinity. Oﬂlce and resi— dence one mile south of the city, where he can al— ways he found when not professionally engaged. Having had more than twenty years raetice in his rofession, and having served as a Shr eon in the Ilnited States Army in the Mexican “511', and having had an extensive Hospital practice, would say at least that he ought to be qua iﬂed to practice his profession : and would refer by permission to the following named gentlemen : Gen. Wm. 0. Butler, Col. John S. Williams, Col. Wm. P. Preston, 001. Geo. N. Hughes, Kentucky. 001. Emery, and Maj. Kenley, Maryland. Charles G. Phythian, M. D., E. Watson, M. D., Joseph Roberts, M. D., Bcnj, Hensley, Jr., M. D., Frankfort, Ky. E. D. Weatherford, M. D., H. M. Weatherford, M. D.. Dr. Purtle. Dr. Flint, Louisville, Ky. Dr. Tazo, Vancouver’s Island. Dr. J. 0. Hawthorne. Portland, Oregon. Dr. R. 0. Hill, Corvallis, Oregon. ltf IMOSSMAN & Co’s EXPRESS, To AND not THE NEZ PERCES MINES! XTENDED to all pint; of Oregon ‘ E and California. Ofﬁces are estab< % “shed,“ the places hereinafter mentioned, and the followmg Dames are given as REFERENCES: Pierce City—Hon’s M. Moore and J. C. Smith; Oro Fino—Messrs. Thompson & Jesse; Walla Walla—l). S. Baker & Co; Dulles—Messrs. Plummet & Riley; > Portland——Williams, Gibbs & l‘ioﬂman, £3ng Salem—Hon’s L. F. Grover an“ L_ Heath; Albany—Judge S. 1). Hale; and N. H. Cranor; Corva lis—J. H. Slater an Dr. E. Shell ; Eugene City—S. Ellsworth and A. J. Welch. I. V. MOSSMAN, C. H. MILLER. Portland—S. B. PARBISH, Agent. Salem—C. N. TERRY, Agent. Nov. 1, 1861. ltf ____________.__—_ ‘ 1' R t t tosmopo nan es auran . MAIN STREET, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE, WALLA WALLA. S. M. Nolan, - - - Proprietor. HE Proprietor of the Cosmopolitan takes occa- T sionto sayto the public generally that he will spare no pains to make his Restaurant second to none in this city, in the style of conducting it and in the quality of edibles with which the table will be sup 1' d. p llgotwithstanding the other houses have raised in the prices of board, I shall retain the The Old Standard Prices, believing that the business is remunerative at these prices,if roperly conducted : Boarg per week, Eight dollars. Board with Lodging,per week, Ten dollars. Single Meals, Fifty cents. Lod ing per night, Fifty cents. a- Tits house is furnished With GOOD BEDS, anc‘ the sleeping apartments are cleanly and comfortable. 1y 8- M- NOLAN. Pmnrim. WALLA WALLA, ‘WASHINGTOIVTERRITORY, DECEMBER 13, 1861. A Song. " [Seven years ago, we set up the following beautiful and touching. lines from the original menus" lpt. They are iron the pen of Francis Panton, of Portind, who now sleeps in the cemetery “over the river." Some kind friend has planted a weeping willow over his grave—a ﬁtting emblem to grace the tomb oLone whose spirit seemed only attuned to the mouinful cadences of nature] Let those whoare wiser mourn hope‘s broken promise, There are some happy moments in life after all ; ‘ , White feathers that ime, as he vanishes from us, Drops out from his wings 'mid the dark ones that fall, When Love seems the soul of each bud that uncles“, And blooms in the green af his myrtle—wove crow!“ And if a stray thist e peeps up ’midst the roses, Its thorns the next moment are hidden in down. l - Oh, thus in youth we idly sing, When some glittering lure hath won us; , But soon time glides with smadier wing. } . And its shadow alone falls on us. 0. ,3. ‘ . ,_. ..-..l ... «IQ 1‘ ',~ ‘L. These fd'w li'ﬁ'ppy years of exxstence 3001.1 leave us; ‘ And though the bright promise still beckons us on, Those friends who could share what that promise might give us, Have left us its pain or enjoyment, alone. ’Tis a cold, mournfui thought, as one gathers the embers That slowly die out on some once happy hearth, To think that he is all that is left, or remembers The home of his youth and companions in mirth : Then the haunts where those he loved once met, And each relic strewn around him, Seem emplty echoes— murmuring yet Some fait less song that bound lim. Talleyrand and Arnold. Talleyrand arrived in Havre, hot from Paris. It was the darkest hour of the French Revolution. Pursued by the bloodhounds of the Reign of Ter— ror, stripped of every vestige of property and pow er, Talleryand secured a passage to America, in a ship about to sail. He was a beggar and a wan derer even, in a strange land, he was forced to earn his daily bread by his daily labor. “Is there an American staying in your house i‘” he asked of , the landlord of the hotel. “I am bound to cross the water, and would like a letter to a person ofl inﬂuence in the new world.” I The landlord hesitated a moment and then re-i plied: “There is a gentleman up stairs either from America or England, but whether an Amer ican or an Englishman I cannot tell.” He point ed the way, and Talleryand, who in his life was a bishop, prince, and prime minister, ascended the stairs. A miserable suppliant at the stranger’s door, he knocked and entered. In the far corner of the dimly lighted room set a mar. of some ﬁfty years, his arms folded and his head bowed on his breast. From a window directly opposite a ﬂood of light poured upon his forehead. His eyes looked from beneath his downcast brows and ge zed upon Talleyrand’s face with a peculiar search ing expression. His face striking in outline; his mouth and chin indicative at an iron wlll. a ﬂki form vigorous, even with the snows of ﬁfty win ters—was clad in dark, but rich and distinguished nnetnmn costume. Talleyrand advanced, stated that he was a fu gitive, and under the impression that the gentle~ man before him was an American, solicited his feeling oﬂices. He poured out his history in elo quent French and broken English. “I an: a wan deter, an exile. lam forced to ﬂy to the New World, without a friend or a home. You are an American; give me, then, I beseech you, a letter of yours; that I may be able to earn my bread. lam willing to toil in any manner. The scenes of Paris have ﬁlled me with such horror that a life of labor would be a paradise to a career of luxury in France. You will give me a letter‘to a friend? A gentleman like you, has, doubtless, very many friends.” The stranger rose, and with a look 'l‘alleyrand never forgot, retreated toward the door of the next chamber, his eyes looking still from beneath lhis darkened brow. He spoke as he retreated backward, his voice was full of meaning. “I am the only man born in the New World who can raise his hand to God and say, I have not a friend, no,not one, in all America !” Talleryand never forgot the overwhelming sad nes of the glances which accompanied these words, “Who are you P” he cried, as the strange man re treated towards the next room. , i ‘ “My name,” he replied, with a smile that had more mockery-joy in its convulsive expression, “my name is Benedict Arnold.” He was gone. Talleyrand sank back into a chair, gasping the words, “Arnold the traitor.” THE wind is a musician at birth. We extend a silken thread in the crevice of a window, and the wind ﬁnds it and sighs over it, and goes up and down the scale upon it, and poor Pagiuini must go somewhere else for his honor, for 10 ! the wind is performing with a single string. It tries almost every thing upon earth to see it there is music in it; it persuades a tone out of the great ball in the tower, when the 391103 if. at home and asleep ; it makes a mournful harp of the giant pines, and it idoes not disdain to try what sort of a whistle can be made of the humblest chimney in the world. How it will play upon a great tree, till every' leaf thrills with it, and winds up the river at its base, for a short murmuring accompaniment. And what a melody it sings, when it gives a concert with afull choir of the waves of the sea, and per' forms an anthem between the two worlds, that goes up, perhaps, to the stars that love music the most and sang it the ﬁrst. Then how fondly it haunts old houses ; moaning under the caves, sighing in the halls, opening old doors, without ﬁngers, and singinga measure of some sad, old song, around the ﬁreless and deserted. hearth.— B. E. Taylor, He is worthy of esteem that knows what isjust and honest, and dares to do it ; that is master 01 his own passions, and scorns to he a slave to an-. other’s. Such an one merits more respect than those gay things who owe all their greatness and reputation to their rentals and revenues. Happiness can be made quite as well of cheap materials as dear ones. Wise Hints. ‘ Nature never did betray the soul that loved her, and nature tells man and woman to marry. Just as the young man is entering upon life—as he comes to independence and man's estate—just at the crisis of his being, is to be seen whether he decides with the good and great and the true, or whether he sinks to be lost forevepﬁimatrimony gives him ballast and a Warping. War with nature and she takes a sure revenge. Tell a young man not to have an attachment that is vir tuous, and‘he will have one that is vicious. Vir tuous love, the honest love of man for the women be in about to marry, gives him an anchor for his been ; ”something pure and beautiful for which to new: Sire! ...Amiuthe aroma», ; what ,I m light it sheds upon her path ; it makes life for her no day dream, no idle hour, no painful shadow, no passing show, but something real, earnest, worthy of heart and head. But most of us are cowards, and dare not think so; we lack grace; are of little faith; our inward eye is dim and dark. The modern young lady must marry in style; the modern young gentleman marries a for tune. But in the meantime the girl grows an old maid, and the youth takes chambera—ogles the nursery maids, and becomes a man about town, a man whom it is dangerous to invite into your house for his business is intrigue. The world might have had a happy couple; instead, it gets a woman fretful, a plague to all around her. He becomes a skeptic in all virtue; a corrupter of the youth of both sexes; and a curse in whatever do. mestic circle he may penetrate. Even worse may iresult. She may be deceived, and die of a broken ’heart. He may rush from one rolly to another, iassociate only with the vicious and depraved; 'bring disgrace and sorrow upon himself and all around him, and sink into an early grave. . Our cities show what become of men and wo- Imen who do not marry. \Vorldly fathers and ‘mothers advise not to marry till they can afford ‘to support a wife; and the boys wickedly expend double the amount in bad company. Hence it is all wise men, like Franklin, advocate early mar riages; and that all our great men, with rare ex ceptions, have been men who married young. Wordsworth had only one hundred pounds a year when he ﬁrst married. Lord Eldon was so poor that he had to go to Claremarke, London, to buy sprats for supper. Coleridge and Southey we can’t ﬁnd had any income at all when they mar ried. We question whether, at any time, Luther hgd mun than 5&5: roamed-'- . Tom -We 'xinut humanity in its very dawn. Fathers, you say you teach your sons prudence—you do nothing of the kind; your world-wise and clever son is already ruined for life. You will ﬁnd him at faro tables and free love circles. Your wretched worldly wisdom taught him to avoid the snare of marry ing young—and soon, if he is not involved in em barrassments which will last him a life, he is a base fellow—heartless, false, without a single gen erous sentiment or manly aim—he has “ no God, no Heaven, in the wide world.” Justice—Not Law. John Dudley, of Raymond, a trader and farm er, was judge of the superior court of New Hamp— shire from 1785 to 1797. He was a man of keen sagacity and strong common sense. His mind was discriminating, his memory retentive, and he was a most extramdinary person. He had butl little learning, and no legal acquirements. He was intent on doing substantial justice in every case. Theophilus Parson said : “ You may laugh at his law and ridicule his language, but Dudley is, after all, the best judge I ever knew in New Hampshire.” The following specimens of the nclusion of one of the charges of Judge Dudley waill illustrate his ideas of the law. He addresses the jury in somewhat after this style : “ You have heard, gentlemen of the jury, what has been said in this case by the lawyers, the ras cals ! But no, I will not abuse them. It is their business to make a good confor their clients; they are paid for it, and they ave done in this case well enough. But you and I, gentlemen, have something else to consider. They talk of law. Why, gentlemen, it is not law we want, but justice. They would govern us by the common law of England. Trust me, gentlemen, common sense is a more safe guide for us; the common sense of Raymond, Epping, Exeter, and the oth— er towns Which have sent us here to try this case between two of our neighbors. A clear head and ian honest heart are worth more than all the law lof all the lawyers. There was one good thing said at the bar. It was from Shakspeare, an English player, I believe. No matter; it is good enough almost to be in the Bible. It is this— ‘Be just, and fear not.’ It is our business to do justice between the par-, ties, not by any quirks of the law out of Coke or Blackstone, and other books that I never read and never will, but by common sense and com mon honesty as between man and man. This is our business, and the curse of God ﬂ upon us if we neglect, or evade, or turn aside from it. Now, Mr. Sheriff, take out the jury, and you, Mr. Fore man, do not keep us waiting with idle talk, of which there has been too much already, about matters which have nothing to do with the merits of the case. Give us an honest verdict, of which as plain common-sense men, you need not be ‘ ashamed.” A ray of light to the understanding is better than a volume committed to memory. There are three things that never become rusty vthe money of the benevolent; the shoes of the butcher‘s horse, and slanderer’s tongue, . Short Credits. A little while ago—only a few months at most —it was easy for any well-dressed man, with a smooth face, candid speech, and respectable hat, l to enter the wholesale stores of our eastern cities, and obtain, on fair representations, almost any amount of goods, and credit to almost sny extent. It was not the habit of dealers to scrutinize too closely, or hesitate long, when a new customer appeared. They took risks, as the insuranhe of ﬁces do, upon the principle that a few dead losses are to be. made up by the general gains. Thus, calculating the chances that, out of ﬁve customers,‘ for instance, one would probably prOVe bad, prices‘ were so arranged that the other four would make the dealers 3304,; Eran themamwha same "lib. cash in hantl to purchase, it he was not shrewd, paid unjust proﬁts, which went to sustain this risky credit system. And so matters continued, until certain descriptions of trade became mere gambling operations, and the manner in which goods were bought and sold, without money and without price, was astonishing to shavers ! The result was inevitable. The bad customer sold his goods again at prices with which the others could not compete. The end, as we have seen, was general convulsions. The revival of business will be upon a new footing. The attenu— ated cord of credit stretched until it broke; and it cannot easily be tied. We must commence ianew. Men must get down—if they have not alraedy been shaken down—from the stilts and stagings of the false systems, and stand upon the solid ground of capital and capacity. Conﬁdence, in trade, is as necessary as atmos pheric air in physics. Without it, business stiﬂes. But long credits are not only unnecessary, but ul timately ruinous. All the minor branches of busi— ness, especially, require to be safe and successful,’ cash payments, or reasonably short credits. It may be objected to this, that an obstacle is placed in the way of the young man of enterprise, desir ous ofentering upon a branch of trade which de mands an outlay exceeding his immediate means. Very well; it is an obstacle. \Ve believe in ob-‘ stacles. And if the young man lacks perseverance ‘ and energy to overcome so natural a one, he has “no business ”to go into business. The majority of our'ablest merchants are men who have come up from humble beginning. What honor they have, they have duly served up to. It is, in real-i ity, no desirable fortune for a young man to be set aﬂoat in a large business, which struggle and discipline Law. nu swam Mm In tnnnuor: 'l‘th facility with which this has been done of late year-e, has proved the ruin of thousands, who, placed in circumstances where success would only have attended the just development of their facul ties; through practice and experience might have become strong and prosperous business men. A Candid Minister. A writer in the Boston Post tells the following “ good one ” concerning one Deacon M., whose most grievous fault, if not his only one, was the habit of occasionally getting “ mellow.” Almost every Sunday at noon he would indulge in his favorite cider brandy to such an extent that it was with some little difficulty he reached his pew, which was in the broad aisle, near the pulpit, and between the ministers and the village squire’s- One Sunday morning the person told his ﬂock that he should preach a sermon to them in the afternoon touching many glaring sins that he grieved to see so conspicuous among them, and that he hoped they would listen attentively, and not ﬂinch if he should happen to be severe. The afternoon came, and the house was full, everybody turned out to hear their neighbors dressed down by the minister, who, after well opening his ser mon, commenced upon the transgressors in a loud voice, with the question: “ Where is the drunk ard P” A solemn pause succeeded this inquiry; when up rose Deacon M., with his face radiant with copious draughts of his favorite drink at his noontide meal, and steadying himself as well as he could by the pew-rail, looked up to the par son and replied, in a piping tremulous voice: “ Here I am.” Of course, a consternation among the congregation was the result of * honest Deacon’s rerponse ; however, the paredi'i went on with his remarks as he had written them, commenting severely upon the drankard, and warning him to forsake at once such evil habits if he would seek salvation and ﬂee the coming wrath. The Deacon made a bow and then seat~ ed himself. " And now,” outspoke the preacher in his loudest tones, “ where is the hypocrite P” A pause—but no one responded. Eyes were turned upon this and that man—but the most glances seemed directed to the Squire’s pew, and indeed the person seemed to squint hard in that direction. The deacon saw where the shaft was leveled, or where it should be aimed, and rising once more, leaned over his pew-rail to the squire, whom he tapped on the shoulder and thus ad dressed : “ Come Squire, why don‘t you get upi I did when he called on me." [l4l)an AND ITS BLESTING.—PeopIe may tell‘ you of your being unﬁt for some particular occupa tions in life, but heed them not. Whatever em-i ployment you follow wtth perseverance and assid uity will he found it for you; it will be your sup port in youth and comfort in age. In learning the useful part of any professsion, very moderate abil ities will sufﬁce ; great abilities are generally in jurious to the poesessors. Life has been compared to a race‘ but the allusion still improves by obser ving that the most swift are ever the most apt to stray from the course. There in beauty enough on earth to make a home for angels. Important To Candidates. The following queries,ptopounded by a. Mir souri paper to the numerous candidates for ofﬁce 3in that State, are so general and national that jthey will apply to any section of our glorious~ Union : “Ques'rross THAT MUST BE Answenen.—lat.. If three men work ten days on a fertile farm, what is the Logarithm F 2d. Of what use is a compass without 0.- needle. and which way does it point? 3d. What is the required length of 9. limited steel wire which runs the other way? 4th. If three watches don't keep time with either of them, which will gain P sth. Given—The complexion, age and height of‘ 3 middle sized man. Required—The nature of ‘hi‘s'hhsineesfhis e‘nnual gainﬂs, and'prospects inJi-‘e? 6th. In a large household neither father nor mother know anything. How was it with the family—were they Know Nothings or not? 7th. Is a man ever justiﬁable in either case, and’ if so, which ? Bth. If a man stands upon the sea-shore, with his eye elevated 4 feet 2 I—2 inches, which way will he look, and what will he see ? “’hat is his name? How long will he stand there? Which way did he come from P Where will he go when he gets through looking? How ‘long will he be on the road, and what will he do when he gets there ? . 9th.!Required—A series of factors expressing the relation of father and son. 10th. Required—ln terms of X—the relative situation of any two country villages, with a papu lation of the former. 11th. If a hard kont be tied in a cat’s tail which way, how long, and with what success will she run after it ? Also, who tied the knot? Note Ist. The cat was dark colored, and howl ed o’nights. Note 2d. The conditions of this problem are extremely vague. 12th. Required—The erratic course of l' ﬂea, affected with strabismus. SARAH CALICOZIES.—I am a calico woman and I admire calico women. 1 mean that the humble fabric is my choice, and that the wearer—when it is clean and nice—receives from me what I like to receive. approbation. Wives, mothers, sisters and young girls, calico is the most virtuous of dress goods; you can’t envelop your dear persons in a better or more attractive raiment, and if I could only live to know that every one of my fellow-cit izenesses had adopted that pretty and economical cotton, I should deem the number of my days coma plete, and could rejoice in my going 0‘ "r“ “‘ wssennrg‘ or extravagances rn‘ my native land would beneﬁt the generations yet unannounced.— Did you ever reﬂect, my great number of beauti ful, loving and lovable sisters, that your silken skirts, ﬁne laces and other rich stuff, are the choke nots which strangle the energy, prospect and hap piness of our toiling brothers? No, you don’t think anything about it; your delight is to array yourselves in ﬂash ﬁnery and to rustle, and sweep, and swing “sensation” along the street. Some of you carry goods and jewelry sufﬁcient, in your daily walks, to supply a whole neighborhood with all the fanciful decorations needed to please those who have intellectual reﬁned taste. There is many a one individual whose personal ﬁxtures for a year cost enough to dress her decently, comfort ably and elegantly for ﬁve years, leaving a surplus which would defray the expenses of building and furnishing a home! And from whom do you get these enormous accumulations of dry goods E’— You don't earn the money which is paid for them; ,you don’t work any, don't save anything. “Oh," you exclaim, “the men do it; it is their fault; they spoil us if we are spoiled.” It is no such thing, land if it were, you ought to be above the follies } with which you are tempted, and that you are often the cause of bankruptcy, discouragement and “hard times.” The men love you—of course they do, but there is not so much esteem in their ad miration when they look at you as they would at a great picturﬁed show bill. They prefer sense, accomplishment of mind, modest deportment, honesty, affection, cheerfuiness, frugality—calico dresses! ONE of our cotemporaries disposes of the Vl‘l‘ tues of early rising as follows: i “We have watched those fellows who are the yearly risers, and as a general thing they are the ﬁrst chaps to go to groceries of a morning. It is all moonshine about the smartest and greatest men being the earliest risers. It might have hem so in old times, but now-a-days, when you see a chap moving about very early, you may be certain that he is after a drink.” There, that’s a fair sample of the any public opinion treats a fellow who “ rises with the lurk," (a. poetical phrase which signiﬁes getting up be fore eight o'clock.) The last time we remember, says the Mariposa Gazette, of carrying out a vir tuous resolution of that sort, a fellow pointed his mouth at. us from a corner grooery, and shot it off ‘ thus : “ Hello, old fell—been .5; runnin’ all night, eh P” Since that memorable'lmorning, we have lullowed the lark to rise ﬁrst. THE following correspondence recently occurred between a tailor and debtor: Sir—Your bill has been a long time standing. I beg it. may be settled forthwith. ' To which the tailor received the following po lite reply : ' ' ' SIR—I am very sorry my bill should have been kept standing so yery long. Pray, redﬁest it to sit down. ___— “ BOYS, " saidjunole Amos, as he surveyed the animal, “ there is only one reason why this mare should not trot a mile in three minutes.” The boys crowded around to hear the reason, and one asked him what. it was. 1 “ Why, said he, “ the distance is too great for lso short a time.” NO. 3.