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Washington statesman. [volume] (Walla Walla, Wash. Terr.) 1861-1864, December 20, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022799/1861-12-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. I.
Tina meINGTON STATESMAN is issued every
{guy morning. N. Nomnnor, R. B. SMITH,
LB- ufldibors and Proyrietors.
fl' ONO—Main Street, Valla Walla, W. T.
V we INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
: ; RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION :
omuhmz so
' ~ nuns or ADVERTISING:
.OIiO anu'e itch lines or less) four insertions. .$6 00
jargon dbna1in5erti0n...................100
Ont; annrw 00
' “(filaments of 2 sqa. or more, pr Sq. .16 00
In! r1y,per5quare.......................1200
lflAll advertisements of half column or more
17' I inserted by speginl contract.
g Advertisements, to ensure insertion, must be
"hnnded in as early as Thursday, and the number of
‘t'inunions desired M by noted on the margin,
lothel'wise they will be continued until forbidden.
WASHINGTON STATESMAN
00K. CARD, AND JOB PRINTING OFFICE
B—Main street, Walla. Walla.
The proprietors beg leave to. announce to the
people of Walla Walla and Vicinity, that they have
' a varied and com lete assortment of PLAIN and
ORNAMENTAL 3’o}; AND CARD TY_PES, which
make their facilities for executing all kinds of plum
and ornamental printing unsurpassed hy any office
in the Territory: All out rs for anyol the follow
ing named descriptions of printing Wlli be attended
to promptly, and executed in the neatest style :
Booxs, BLANK CHECKS,
Pmurumrs, Nornsor HAND,
Hummus, ORDER Booxs,
BALL Tron-rs, Srmuso‘r BILLS.
CIRCULARS, STEAMBO’T CARDS,
Invuufloxs, BILLS 0F LADING,
Busnmse Cums, CERTIFICATES:
Hummus, Snow BILLS,
Coucmzr Bums, CHECK Boers,
PROGRAMMES, BL’x Recurrrs,
ADDRESS Cums, Dmrrs,
BnAuxs or ALL KINDS, &c., &c., &c.
H. C. COULSON,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW.
Notary Public—Walla Walla, W. T.
Preemption papers prepared for Land Claimants.
H'Collections promptly attended to. 1y
DR. I. H. HARRIS,
Assistant Surgeon (f the Military Post at
Walla Walla.
LATE of Yrcka. 0:11., ufl'ers his professional ser
vices to the citizens of the city of Walla. Walla
and surrounding country. He will devote es eciul
attention to the diseases of Females and Chiidren.
Private consultations held at his oflice, in John
Scmnton’s building.
Q'Dr. Harris may be found at the Garrison
from 9 l'. M. until 9 A. M., and at his office in the
city during the day. 1y
Du. L. DANFORTH, ‘
OFFERS his Professional services to the people
of ii :illu, Walla and vicinity. He has perma
nently .l“ ated here, and feels that he can give en
tire satisi when to those who may require his servi
ces, as he‘is familiar wrth the diseases peculiar to
this coast having practiced in Oregon and Califor
nia. for th rteen yours. .
The D or is well supplied dith Surgical Instru
mnts, an will practice the profession in all its
Manes. 1 . 1y
:2?“ e. f»~.§M2%—MULLAN,. -
.3 RM‘EKLY Resident Physician p} Blackwell’s
2 't IslandiPrison, N. Y., and at tho Baltimore
' 'A house hid—has located In Wall: Walla,and
reepectl‘ullyi tenders his services to the community,
in‘the practioe of Medicine and Surgery.
‘flice on liain street, in Court Building“ ltf
D 3. It. BERNHARD,
" RESPEOTB‘ULLY omlrs his services to the pub
lic generally, in the practice of Surgery and
Miglicine in and around Walla Walla.
nice—Dr. Craig’s Drug store. Im6
__,_ . .__._.#-._ ..._..__.
‘25-’9" WALTER. W. JOHNSON,
fGIi’IL ENGINEER, United States Deputy Sur
' mayor for Donat‘ieuekiims, Walla Walla.
mt. - 1y
L. TERRY, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON—Office in Dr.
Craig’s Drug store, Walla Walla. 1y
ago. a. WILEAMS, A. c. GIBBS. J. J. HOFFMAN.
(Late Chief Justice.)
WILLIAMS, GIBBS 6L HOFFMAN,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LAW,
Portland. Oregon—Will practice in all the
courts of Oregon and Washington Territory. '
Oflice on the Levee, over the new Post oifice.
1y
E. AMIL'I'ON,
ATTORNEY AN ‘ COUNSELOR AT LAW,
Portland, omg -.
game on W hington street, second door
above First street. 5 1y
11. T; ALLEN,
AUCTIQNEEIL, W I'ILA WALLA—WiII attend
to tin anvliase a ,1 sale of Horses, &c.
Goods sold upon th most reasonable commis
sions. lml
MOSS &l BROOKS,
CONTRACTORS AN D BUILDERS—Shop on the
Corner, first htreqt math of Main street, Walla
Walla. ‘
Having had long I perience in contracting and
building,we will g..x ntee that all kinds of car-
Penter and "~ "‘9? "1‘ uwlertaken bf, us will be
executed prawn? an; in a workman ike manner.
Designs in .-m MWiii be executed upon appli
cation. !___ fl ’7‘ h ~,,, ._ 1y
*‘f‘W'Pl-IEBLIPS,
HA} ,mf": large'und well selected stock
' ' TWd under his sn
erv ' n workmen, STOVI'S of
v-{nons _ csgnd patterns, Mininli' Imple
mentapo." 6.. alljol Iwhich will be so d at ex
tremelplowggrfi-m. ' '
. . Y.:nr’pntro Me is respectfully solicited. 1y
._:.«——.7_ F—Vifls- _,______,
J. w. COOK,
MANUFAM‘URER and Wholesale and Retail
Dealer H. Tags, Agnings, Wagon Covers,
in! “ma,“ kn. orlnn ,Oregon.
Wrongs, Auriga 24d Wogon Covers, made to
'order.
Float IntrGrain Sacks constantly on hand and
made in order.
Orders fromadlsuace promptly attended to.—
fill orders made returnable by the first conveyalnce.
- ..,_———~— _____..._—.—-——————-L
J. R. ”,ARDWELL,
DENTIST Will i sit Walla Walla on profession
-.’ :l business within a few weeks. Definite no
nice of the time will be given. 1y
________—- ._A,, " -4 "._______—.-_J
ELFELT BROS,
MAINSTREET, DALLES, OREGON—Dealers
in Eancv and Staple Dry Goods, Clothing,
Baits, Shoes, Hots, Cap>, Gents’ Furnishing goods,
nag Trot-(firs. npl' ”1 th hes f
v Met leans wi e t o the
mbovglzeseription of goods. »
Allwdemlarge or small, will be attended to
‘with prompt-mess and care. 1’
(zaADOm’ & STUDERUS,
“TAMILCARBIAGE AND BUGGY MANU
hctniors—i‘ram street, Portland, at, North
and of &oßridge, nearly opposite Besser’s Saw
mill. (Shop-formerly oooaplg-d by Hay dz. Grndon.)
Wagons of every description made to' order.—
Orrlm mm the outmtry promptly attended to.
A ' -‘ o . 1y
s‘“, , 3 m 'IER & 15110.,
C _ "RESP. BATTERS, Portland, Oregon—Mann
» 0 factual-o to order, and havi on hand, every des
t‘ilflon 0! Hana be round in San Francisco.
Give usaoall, or send your measure. and you
BM“ 5. «.m- su-n fifly. 1v
VVALLA WALLA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, DECEMBER 20. 1861.
MOSSMAN & Co’s EXPRESS,
70 AND no!
THE NEZ PERCES MINES!
XTENDED to all arts of Ore on
E and California. (ytllces are estib- &
lished at the places hereinafter mentioned, and the
following names are given as
REFERENCES :
Pierce City—Ron’s M. Moore and J. C. Smith;
Oro Fine—Messrs. Thompson & Jesse;
Walla Walla—l). S. Baker & Co.;
Dulles—Messrs. Plummet & Rileg;
Portland—Williams, Gibbs & Ho man, ans.;
Sulem—Hon’s L. I“. Grover and L. Heath;
Albany—Judge S. D. Hale and N. H. Cranor;
Corvallis—w]. H. Slater amlvDr. E. Shell;
Eugene City—S. Ellsworth and A. J. Weleh.
4 I. V. MOSSMAN,
, ‘ ' “ C. H. MILLER.
Portland—S. B. PARRISH, Agent.
Salem—C. N. TERRY, Agent.
Nov. 1. 1861. ltf
‘ CAIN & NUGENT, ‘
a TTORNEYS AT LAW, Walla Walla, W. T.—‘
Office, near the residence of A. J. Cain. 2y
CHARLES HERZOG, 1
ENTlST——Tenders his services to the citizens of
Walla Walla and vicinity, and promises in the
various branches of his profession to render entire
satisfaction to those who my desire to Fatronize him.
()flice, 4th Door above nion Hotc , Main street,
Walla Walla. 21f
DR. D. G. CAMPBELL,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, formal; of Cor
vnllis, Cream—Office at. the Walla. alla Ho
tel, Main street, alla Walla. ltf
D. s. BAKER,
FIRE-PROOF BRICK BUILDING, MAIN Smarty,
Walla Walla, Wholesale and Retail dealer m
GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
GROCERIES, HARDWARE,
NAILS. &c.. &c., &c,
Also, constantly on hand, a large supply of
I? MINERS’ AND I’ACKERS’ GOODS,‘R
w. A. GEORGE. J. a. annxs
GEORGE & SPARKS,
TTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LAW——
Walla. Walla, Washington Territory.
\Vill attend all the Courts in Washington and Ore
gon east ot'the Cascade mountains. an the Supreme
Court of this Territory.
Q“ Particular attention paid to the collection of
debts, and the securing of pre-emption rights.
Oflice on Main street, opposite the Printing ofliee.
Dec. 6,1861. 2y
E. M. SAMMIS,
PHOTOGRAPIIIST AND AMBROTYPIST—
Muin street, Walla Walla.
Pictures taken in cloudy as well no clear weather
Likenesses of children n ccumtcly taken. In
FARMERS’ HOUSE, .
FRONT STREET. Portland, Oregon, first door :
above the Court House—Tllos. Mcßurney, Pm— ‘
Erictor.
and per week........................... 54 50
Board and Lodging per week. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .5 00
Board and Lgdgingper'day... ...............l 00‘
Si «'ledn‘ieals.-..> 0 38
- urn la Hun use a fortable
minim can p on: rooms neutlAytgn . e
110 is nominee on temperance principles. A
stalne and wage: yard adjoining the premises.
_____..___.—————————————-
GRANVILLE B. GILMAN,
(Successor to Trevitt 8: Co.)
‘‘ 7 HOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Wines and Liquors—Three doors below the
Express ofiice, Main street, Dalles, Oregon. ‘
Would respectfully call the attention of the trade ‘
of Walla Walla, and the mining region. to his 1
Elwice and well selected stock of Wines, Liquors, ‘
'c. 1y T
A l
P. G. STEWART,
VVATCUMAKER, Front Street. at Wm. Birn~
baum’s ()ld Stand. has constantly on hand a.
variety of CLOCKS and WATCHES, which are
warranted good time-keepers.
A good assortment. of Spectacles, Bayley’s Gold
Pens. &c., &c.
Clocks and Watches carefully repaired and war
ronted. Give me a call.
Portland, Nov. 20, 1861. 1y
M
CHARLES BARRETT,
BOOKSELLER,Stationer, and dealer in Blank
Books, School Books, Newspapers, and all
kinds of Cheap Publications,Flshing Tackle. Fruit,
Fruit Trees. Flowers, etc.—opposite the Pioneer
Hotel, Portland, Oregon.
Agent for the San Francisco Bulletin, Herald,
Mirror. Alto, and Sacramento Union.
All orders promptly attended to. 1y
' I. VILOTT,
DEALER IN GROCERIES, Provisions, Wines,
Liquors,etc.-4Dalles, Oregon.
Goods received on storage, and a general Com
mlSSlOll Business transacted.
Orders filled at short notice, and a full assort
ment of goods constantly on hand. 1y
I. N. SMITH,
TTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
A formerly of Corvallis, Oregon—Omce on Main
street, Walla Walla. ltf
L. C. KINNEY, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN 6: SURGEON,
r ENDERS his Frofessional services tothe citizens
F of Walla Wu 1:; and vicinity. Office and resi
dence one mile south of the city, where he can al
ways he found when not proicssxonally engaged.
Having had more than twenty years gractice in
this rofession, and having served as a tween in
the Elnitcd States Army in the Mexican ur, and
having had an extenswo Hospital practice, would
say at least that he ought to be qua ifled to practice
his profession : and would refer by permissionto the,
following named gentlemen: 1
Gen. Wm. 0. Butler, Col. John S. Williams, 001.1
Wm. P. Preston, 001. Geo. N. Hughes, Kentucky.
001. Emery, and Maj. Kcnley, Maryland.
Charles G. l’hythiun, M. D.. E. Watson, M. D.,
Joserah Roberts, M. D., Benj. Hensley, Jr., M. D.,
Fran fort, Ky.
E. D. Weatherford, M. D., H. M. Weathcrford,
M. D.. Dr. Purtle. Dr. Flint, Louisvxlle, Ky.
Dr. Tazo, Vancouver’s Island.
Dr. J. 0. Hawthorne, Portland, Oregon.
Dr. R. C. Hill, Corvallis, Oregon. ltf
FOR NEZ PERCES MINES.
HE OREGON STEAM NAVIGA-
T tion Co’s Steamers will run on the %
Columbia river as follows :
nus 51mm: JULIA.
W0LF.................,..............C0mmander,
Will leave Portland every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday. at 6 A. M
Connecting with the steamer
IDAHO,
McNULTY. . . . . .. . Commander
At the Cascades, ’ fl
FOR DALLES CITY, Arriving same day.
an Susana
TENINO, @
WH1TE......... .....1...............C0mmnnder,
Will Leave Des Chutes for Walluls every Tuesday.
Returning, leaves Wallula every Thursday at s A. x,
Pangafrom Portla'nd to the Dallas . ..
Forays at Cassades extra. ’ ‘8 00
Animals tom Portland to mung. . ..... .. .. .. .5 00
Passage from Des Chutes to Wallula. . .. . . . . . . .15 00
@- No Extrn charge for meals. 1
J. c. Amswomab ‘
1y Pres‘t 0. B. N. o 1
Grandmother's Grave.
We laid her ’neath the churchyard sod,
In the wildest of the winter weather,
We laid her ’neath the crusted snow,
Her and the snow together.
And the white, bleak hills that stood afar,
How sad they looked that day ;
And the very sun seemed loth to shine;
Seemed loth to send one ray.
0h! ye hills that stand afar
I bid ye guard that mound,
‘ And keep your crests forever turned
Towar the churchyard ground.
And thou, oh! leafless branch above,
Stretch o’er thy slender arm,
And warn the stranger coming near
To do the grave no harm.
[COMMUNICATEDJ . '
The Economy and Preservation of Teeth.
‘ The writer of this article is not a dental sur
-1 geon and claims not an acquaintance with those
minutia of pathology and manual appliances per
taining to dentistry as a practical science ; yet
with those more general laws and principles rela-1
;ting to its hygiene, structure and economy, he‘
ldoes profess a familiarity.
It is an established law of the human mind,
that it is more disposed to notice and remedy
such physical derangements as may be termed
subjective, i. 9., expressed through the nervous
system by pain or annoyance of some kind; while
those which, in contradistinction, may be called
objective, i. e., obvious, but slow and progressive
in their outward manifestations, are scarcely ap
preciated, if not entirely ignored. ' '
Very much in this way, then, daily experience
proves that the moving masses of humanity re
gard those important organs of the animal econo
my—the teeth—whether considered as instru
ments of practical utility or an element of person
al beauty.
Indeed, it is notorious and lamentable what
slight attention is paid to their healthy condition
and preservation by persons generally. They are
not like so many nails, implanted in the jaw-bones
purely for masticatory purposes! A system of
false education has too long reigned in this res
pect ; the enlightenment of the future, let us trust,
will dissipate the delusion of the past. V
True, like scrofula, consumption, etc., affections
of the teeth “ run in families,” as the popular ex
pression has it; that is, are hereditary in a great
er or less degree. We not infrequently find chil‘
dren whose teeth disclose the same structural figs
ure and mould as their parents possess.
Although not so intimately concerned in tboj
salutary, harmonigg and, successful ,fi‘fihg _
thé’ilimal‘machlne as are other parts and func
tions, still they play no unimportant part in the
general welfare of the body ; though not so highly
vitalized, and endowed with a nervous arrange
ment as complex as the principal organs, never
theless they have a vitality, a nervous influence,
and a range of sympathies peculiar to themselves;
and while, for example, a gangrenous limb, or a
uecrosed joint, in its destructive march, superadds
new disorders to the original, just so surely but
more insidiously does a carious or decayed tooth
injuriously impress contiguous parts and functions,
by reason of that wide scope of sympathies it en
joys. This is well exemplified in the common
cases of gum-boils, scurvy gums, swollen glands,
toothache, neuralgia of face, offensive breath, de
ranged stomach, and manifold sensations about
the month generally ; add to these, alterations of
a mechanical nature, viz: impediment to speech
indistinct articulation of voice, change in the ex
pression of countenance, and finally, depression of
spirits. ‘
Kind parents and guardians will not take it
amiss, it is hoped, when their special attention is
directed to an important matter, as far as con
eerns the health and comfort of their children and
wards; a sense of duty should compel them to
concern themselves in this regard just as zealously
and religiously as they would supply them with
proper food or raiment, or send them to school.
The period of “ shedding,” as mothers say, merits
particular watchfulness; then it is that those ir~
regularities arise, which, if not corrected in time,
tend to give a certain impress to the conformation
of the jaws, and consequently more or less modify
the features—a condition irremediable afterwards.
N o satisfactory reason can be offered why the
resources of art should not be appealed to by all
who need them ; scores of dollars are daily
dropped by the wayside without the receipt of an,
equivalent; sound health must not be subjected,
to the gratification of the passions; an “old snag"!
‘or a bony angle, which had tortured the poor suf
iferer for months, unbeeded and neglected, is as
powerless before the forceps and key of the expert,
well-instructed and experienced dentist, as was
the Nemeean lion in the stout arms of Hercules.
In connection with this, it may be remarked,
that the many popular dentriflces so invitingly
displayed in the shops, more frequently gratify a
silly whim or notion than subserve any real good
and useful purpose. A soft brush, and water of
medium temperature, form the daily essentials for
cleansing the teeth. ’
The injurious and vulgar practice of teasing the
month by pins, needs only to be mentioned to be
condemned. -
If the above hints and suggestions will he re
ceived in the spirit which prompted them, and
any suffering mortal can be benefited thereby, the
serious anxiety the writer has felt whilst contem
plating the myriad “ills which flesh is heir to,”
will be amply requited. M.
Walla Walla, Dec. 11, 1861.
NOT A BAD IDEA.-—A boy in a sunday school
was once asked by his teacher what economy
meant; He promptly answered, “ Paring potau
toes thing” The answer was received with a smilei
but the definition was right, as far as it went.
:The lad had got a just idea of the matter , his rule
only wanted carrying out, and applying to things
generally, to be perfect.
l The Weather. '
‘ 5 WALLA WALLA, Dec. 10, 1861. i
It as. EDITORS :—Having been frequently
ask _"why it is that we, in this high latitude and
altitude, have such mild winters, I have concluded
to 89 you my reasoning upon the subject
basw lhpon several years’ acquaintance in this
val r.together with a careful and diligent study
of t: atauses of this peculiar climate.
_ dryness of the climate will be the first
pox-‘f‘ - notice: [And I -will admit that the
pres . ” " spell of weather” is rather an unfavor
ablqm. eto consider this subject] Lieut. Mau
ryi 71' works on Navi ation, Climate, &c., says
it is, fixed prfiicipie tlglat all ranges of moun
taiga- re I wet and 3d7 side, governed by the
. and source 0 the prevailing winds
whin hlow Over the rlmge.
Erery one familiar with the country and the
direction of the wind on the western side of the
Cascade mountains is aware that the wind in the
winter season blows from off the ocean. The re
sult is that an immense amount of dampness is
collected about the western side of said range,
while the elevation of the range guards us from
experiencing its unpleasant, dreary presence.
Now, we can readily perceive why we have so lit
tle'“ fallin weather;” and I will here assert,
from actualmeasurement, that we have but a lit
tle over a one-hundreth part as much rain east
of the Cascades as falls upon the western side;
consequently our country must be more or less
free from cloudy weather. You will then natu
rally expect long, cold, dry winters; and why
dfln't we have them? To understand this propw
e .y, we must be made acquainted with the loos—i
tidn and quality of the land on this side: The
Blue Mountains, branching off from the Cascades
~4or re ther taking rise near the Cascades, nearly
3posite the Klamath lake country—run north
st, or nearly so, to Snake river. near the
mouth of Clearwater. Nearly all the country
north and west of this range, between it and the
Slascades and north to the Simcoe mountains, is
low and sandy, covered in the most part, with
grass. But what, say you, has this do with the
warmth of this climate? It has a vast deal to
do with it ; for you must remember that it is over
this lain that we have our prevailing winds;
and l will here remark that we always have warm
weather when the wind blows. This vast. plain
of sandy soil and sand deserts is kept warm by
lthe almost continual presence of the sun, and
‘the short duration ofcloudy weather is not suffi
,cient to allow the earth to become entirely
lchilled, and consequently when we have a breeze
from over these plains it is warm and melts ev
erything before it. Such a wind would melt,
by warmth, (not by force) two feet of snow on
the tops of the Blue mountains in 24 hours.—
Now is it not evident to any one that if the coun—
try west and north of the Blue mountains was
covered with timber, or subject to much cloudy
weather—the sun not having a chance to warm
the earth, that this whole region would be no
better off than the frozen parts of Michigan and
the Cauadas?
The Weather.
1 ~ ,4 mementos“ sscmmmm r A |
I‘ve Walla Walla‘ valley is bounded on the
east and south by the Blue mountains and on the
south-west by a high table land, connecting the
most eastern extremit of the Simcoe with the
Blue mountains, which, table land is surrounded
by the Columbia river at the old Fort. This
ridge is nearly two thousand feet high and very
steep on its face, fronting this valley and protect
ing it from any very severe winds.
Now it is an universal thing here when the
snow goes off by wind, which is usually the case,
that on the Blue mountains, from the height of
about 1500 or 2000 feet upwards, the snow, al
though much deeper, always disa pears first, and
leaves the hill looking brown and) grassy, while
the valley is yet white with snow ; and it is fre
quently two or three days before the wind reaches
the va ley with its warming influences. This phe
nomena is very common and contrary to the rule
anywhere I ever heard from before, and can on~
ly be explained on the grounds above given. ‘
A. B. R. ;
Walla Walla as a Farming and Stock
growing Country.
WALLA WALLA, Dec. 11, 1861.
Ens. Srsrrsuss :—-This country is a vast field
for the agriculturist and stock-grower ; and with
the right kind of tillage, a great portion of it can.
be made to yield almost fabulous crops—and
what land is not tillable is one of the best of pas
tures and will support immense herds of stock.
The winters being mild and dry, stock can be}
“ wintered out.” In fact, nature seems to have}
provided for this ; for the summer being dry and
the watering- laces not very plenty, the cattle
cannot run alFover the hills for want of water;
but when the rains set in, in the fall, they can
range back on the pasture that has not been
touched during the summer. This is a great
cattle and sheep-growing country. but it is not
adapted to wool-growing. The wool cannot be
wor ed up into c oth, being brittle, so to speak,
from the effects of the alkali, which exists in
more or less quantities from the Dalles to Snake
river. But for mutton, this country cannot be
excelled.
All kinds of grain grow finely here ; and the
gardens, by proper cultivation. do well. The
smutTiifects the wheat, as it did in Oregon a few
iyears since; but the farmers must vitriol their
seed wheat, and thus remedy this evil.
Many have resorted to the system of irrigating
their gardens, which I think does more injury
than goon. The land here needs warming in
stead of cooling, which is done by turning on so
much cold water. Again, the water only damp
ens the earth a few inches from the ditch; for its
hole he sunk in these highly irrigated gardens dry
dirt will be found within a foot of the to of the
ground, after having as much rain as we have had
this fall. If the farmers and gardeners would
underdrain and plow their land deep they would
get better crops. 1
In my Opinion, the farmers are pursuing a
wrong course in re ard to their wheat crops, by‘
holding it at so high a price that by the time thel
millers flour it up it costs so much that flour can ‘
be shipped from middle Oregon and more than
compete with the flour merchant of this valley.—
The farmers in this vallley are holding their
wheat back this winter, waiting for a large price,
while the Oregonians are drawing theirs through
the mud to market, and when the spring trade
opens, Oregon flour will be shi ped here by tons,
and the farmers here will find their market
blocked. They have got the flour in Oregon,
and they will find a market for it somewhere.
But if the farmers here would put their wheat
down to a reasonable price, so that Oregon flour
could not be shipped here, they would have the
thing in their own hands. AMICUS-
Henry Ward Beecher, for a clergyman, uses
some beautiful language. He recently said :
‘Slavery will go to hell where it came from. \Ve
shall conquer the rebels, not in our own strength,
but the Almighty Lord will lay them over our
knees, and we will spank them in the natural order
of Providence.”
Growing Old.
Did you ever consult the mirror to ascertain
whether you are growing old—to detect, if you
could, a pair of feet, and a crow’s at that, at the
corners of your eyes—to see if that gray hair
somebody charged you with having yesterday,
was nothing but the peculiar reflection of the light,
and not much whiter than the ace of spades after
all? But the mirror is nothing to go to for infor
imation; it reflects to very little purpose. If you
would know what age is doing for you, look upon
1 the face of a friend you have not seen in ten yearsl
land the story is as plain as spike-stagé There is:
lsomething or other about him you' cannot qua;
’understand ; his features are a little sharper, the
expression of his eyes a little colder, of his brow
a little harder, of his mouth a little firmer. To
be sure his laugh hasn’t gone, but then a tooth or
,two has. He is the same, yet not the same, but
lsomewhat harder and rougher, and not so much
lof him as of old.
But the strangest of all is his hand. That has
grown old faster than his face. How soft and
smooth it used to be, you remember, and plump
as a partridge. There was a tracery of blue veins
upon the back of it, and you and he used to read
each other's fortunes, and lifejourneys, in the
meandering currants that flowed on so quietly
just under the surface. But it is more like aclaw‘
now, as if he used it in digging; then it is brown;
as October; the full rounded muscle has sh ruuk‘
away from the veins, and they stand out like
ridges in a fallow. Veins indeed !—they look
like a handfull of whipcord. There is a knotty
look and a knotty feel about the joints, as if you
were grasping a handful of walnuts. Then,
again, his hair has grown wiry, or bristly, or gray
or thin, or something that it was not, for the truth
is, it is growing upon an old head. You think as
you look at him, “Is it possible! ” and he keeps
you company with his wonder “How it can be,”
and in that look, you have seen yourself—as he
sees you—as they all see you—as you are.—B.
Taylor.
Why Not Speak Plain English?
A person having upon one occasion got Sir
Philip Francis into a corner, and innocently mis—
taking his agitations and gestures for the extreme
interest in the narrative which he was administer
ing to his patient, was somewhat confounded,
when the latter, seizing him bv‘the collar, ex
élaimeo, with an oath, that “’nuntan nature'cou’li!
endure no more.” In all this, there was a consis
tency and uniformity that was extremely racy and
amusing. He is not now present to cry out :
“ What does that mean, sir? What would you
be at? No gibberish !” and therefore it may be
observed that there was something exoeedingi§F
piquant in his character. Sir Philip was wont to
say that he had nearly survived the good, manly
words of assent and denial, the yes and no of our
ancestors, and could now hear nothing but “ un
questionably,” or “ by no means," and “ I rather
think not,”—forms of speech to which he gave the
most odious and contemptuous names, as efi‘emin
ate and emasculated, and would turn into ridicule
by caricaturing the pronunciation of the words.
Thus he would drawl out “ unquestionably," in a
faint, childish tone, and then say—“ Gracious
God! does he mean yes? Then why not say so
at once, like a man ?” As for the slip-slop of
some fluent talkers, in society, who exclsim that
they are “so delighted," or “so shocked,” and
speak of things being pleasing and hateful “ to a
degree,” he would hear down upon them without
mercy, and roar out: “To what degree? Your
words mean anything, and everything, and noth
ing."
‘ Nor Too Mccn FAMILIARITY.—There are hu
man beings whom, if you are wise, you would not
‘wish to know too well. We mean the human be
‘ing (if such there should be) who thinks very high
: ly of you ; who imagines you very clever and ami
lable. Keep out of the way of such! Let them
see as little of you as possible. For when they
come to know you well, they are quite sure to be
disenchanted. The enthusiastic ideal which young
people form of any one they admire, is smashed
by the rude presence of facts. We have got
somewhat beyond the stage of feeling enthusiastic
admiration, yet there are two or three living men
whom we should be sorry to see. We know we
should never admire them so much any more.
We never saw Mr. Dickens; we don't want to see
him. Let us leave Yarrow unvisited;our sweet
ideal is fairer than the fairest fact. No hero is a
hero to his valet : audit may be questioned wheth
er any clergyman is a saint to his beadle. Yet the
hero- may be a true hero, and the clergyman a
i very excellent man ; but no human being can bear
‘too close inspection. We remember hearing a
‘clever and enthusiastic young lady complain of
‘what she suffered on meeting a certain great
Bishop at dinner. No doubt he was dignified,
pleasant, clever ;but the mysterious halo was no
longer round his head. He is a sad circumstance
in the lot of a very great man; we mean such a
man as Mr. Tennyson or professor Longfellow.‘
As an elephant walks through a field, crushing;
the crop at every step, so do these rren advancel
through life, smashing every time they dine out,
the enthusiastic fancies of several romantic young
people.
BREVET is a commission which gives an officer
title and rank in the army above his pay, but ii
he exercises a command awarding to his hr;
he receives the pay attached to his brevet rankeoeii
It is not the multitude of applauses, but M
good sense of the aplauders, which gives value
the reputation. .
Hope paves the way to golden bliss, and cheer-'
fulness is the lamp that lights the beautiful walk. i
A Woman of Good Taste.
The following very happy and equally true
sketch is from the London Quarterly Review:
You see tln's lady turning a cold eye to the as.
surances of shopmen and the recommendation of
milliners. She cares not how original a pattern
may be, if it be awkward. Whatever laws of
fashion dictates, she follows a law of her own,
and is never behind it. She wears very beautiful
things which people generally suppose to be fetch
ed from _Paris, or, at least made by a French mil
liner, but which, as often be bought atthe nearest,
town and made“ by he: Own inlaid.» Net t?“ i
her'costume is either Fidlflldw'j _t_>xiltjg;'gg'i~
trary, she wears many a cheap dress, but it is al
ways pretty, and may an old one, but it is always
good. She deals in no gaudy confusion of colors,
nor does she affect a studied sobriety; but she
either refreshes you with a spirited contrast, or
composes you with a judicious harmony.
Not a scrap of tinsel or trumpery appears upon
her. She puts no faith in velvet bands or gilt
buttods or twisted cording. She is quite aware,
however, that all the gamish is as important as
the dress; all her inner borders and headings are
delicate and fresh ; and should anything peep out
which is not intended :o be seen, it is quite as
much so as that which is. After all there is no
great art in her fashion or her materials. The
secret simply consist in her knowing the three
grand unities of her dress—her own station, her
own age and her own points. And no woman
can dress well who does not. After this we need
not say that whoever is attracted by the costume
will not be disappoimed in the wearer. She may
not be handsome nor accomplished,l)ut we will
answer for her being; even tempered, well-inform
ed, thorougly sensible and a complete lady.
WASHINGTON no me Commune—Some of
our volunteer oflicers show their unfitness to com
mand by keeping aloof from their men, instead
of setting them the example of manliness in toil
and endurance. The following incident is in
point: ‘
During the American Revolution, it is said, the
commander of a little squad was giving orders to
‘those under him. relative to a log of timber which
they were andeaioring to raise up to the top of
some military w rks they were repairing. The
timber went up 2m: difficulty, and on this account
the voice of the little man was often heard, in reg
ular vociferationh of “Heave away, there she goes
heave ho." An officer, not in military costume.
was pasémgfind asked the commander why he did
not take hold and render a little assistance. The
latter, astonished, turning round with all the M 7
and splendor of an Emperor, said : "Sir, 1.9 L»
a coporel !” “You “591 WWW 'mo
officer; “I wont not aware of that ;" and taking
03" his hat and bowing, the officer said, “I oak
your pardon. Mr. Corporal,” and then dismounted
and lifted till the sweet stood in drops on his fore
head.
When the work was finished, turning to the
commander he said, “Mr. Corporal, when you
have another such job, and have not men enough,
send for your Commander-in-Cbief, and I will
come and help you a second time.”
The Corporal was thunderstruck. It was Gene
ral Washington who thus addressed him.
A FROZEN SIRE—A whaling vessel which sail‘
ed from London in 1840, found on the Polar Sea,
a ship embeded in the ice, with sails furled and
no signs of life on board. The Captain and some
of the crew decended into the cabin and found
coiled upon the floor a Newfoundland dog, appar
ently asleep, but when they touched it, they found
the animal was dead and frozen as hard as a
stone. In the cabin was a young lady seated at
l a table, her eyes open as if gazing at the intruders
in that desolate place. She was a corpse! and
had been frozen in an apparently resigned and
religious attitude. Beside her was a young man,
who, it appeared was commander of the brig, and
brother to the lady. He was sitting at the table,
dead, and before him was a sheet of paper on
which was written; “Our cook has endeavored
since yesterday morning to strike a light, but in
vain—all is now over.” In another part of the
cabin stood the cook with the flint and tinder in
hand, frozen, in the vain endeavor to strike the
fire that could alone save them. The terrors of
the seamen led the Captain from the spot, who
took with him the logabook,as the solemn me
mento of the ill-fated ship. It appears that she
also was from London, and had been in this place
over fourteen years.
l A CHALLENGE AND A’ REPLY.—-Geotge’ D.
lPrentice, Esq., the editor of the Louisville Jour—
‘nal, having been challenged by Roger W. H. 140"
son, for an editorial published in his paper, ser"‘"‘
Hanson the following reply; ,dARD,
' LOUISVILLE, Sept ~ ‘"
Roger W. Hanson—Sir: You
is received. You sought “reirfl ”am &SH
articles you complain of .
ous pamplet and if you “" , .
dress,” you they get if" D W A RE;
in other way you can , ,
and place” for menleS and Provlslons,
two steps to mr V
you, I think .- MINING Tools, &0.
d'" . _
282"” “My uticle sold is wafnhtod to be of the very
if but quolity, m- the mom will be refunded.
" 9 Our winter stock from Sen grouciaoo bus arrived
end I rare ohs‘noe of Choice Goods is now offered to
V Ladle- oepociolly end buyers in genenl. 1y
——_—___.__...__________
ie NOTICE.
LL Persona indebfzd to the undoni ed u n
w A Book {Account or ads-twin, will plea: “kerb
iioe that unveu you ply or secure the payment thon
g, within _ten do I from date hereof, the some will
placed 11: the Ludo of our attorney for oollocthn.
EVANS & CONLOI, ~
‘ or REVANO.
1 “Us". “'llln, Du. 4, 13%). ""
n.
NO. 4.

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