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Windham County Democrat. (Brattleboro, Vt.) 1836-1853, October 12, 1853, Image 2

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and alltliat is wanted Is to let ono another know liow
you fool, and ynu will bo surprised to find bo rriany
olhersfC,ady to follow thoso deeply Impressed convic
tions. Do not bo afralu. Let every truo man in the
State know every other tmo man. Yon may bo Old
Hunkers. They aro not the worst creatures In tho
World, becauso thero are a ureal many old Hunkers
who have humanity in their hearts, but tho dilliculty
is that they have so long been in the halut of neglect-
ing thcit humanity that they liavo almost forgotten
that they had any. Now let this manhood come up,
let it liavo vent. You liavo voted all your lives with
party, hut do ynu know how many times you have
voted against conviction t Mako up your minds to
follow your convictions lo tho ballot-boxes, and when
you have mado up your mind, tell your neighbor, and
you will lie surprised to find that ho is ready to do
tlio eaino thing.. You want somo sort of system in
llils State by which ihoso determined lo stand right
ond act together upon this great question, may know
every other truo heart.
Now let mo say a. single word lo a class of my
audienco not generally supposed to liavo much to do
Willi this matter. 1 want to appeal to tho women of
Now York. I sco somo aro disposed to sneer and
nsk, "Why talk to tho women? llicy do not vote."
I know it. I know it ued to bo tho fashion, once,
when you had a meeting, lo belittle it by saying most
of tho audience woro women and children. A'cry
good; If I wanted to regenerate the State, give mo
an audienco of women and children. Give mo them,
and tiio old gentlemen may stay at homo ; or go, if
they please, but take tho back scats. Dut let the
women and children come ; let tho truth sink deep
into their hearts. T.ho women of New York havo
an immenso responsibility. Think of your daughters.
Think what a horrible lot is before them, brought up
In womanhood, blooming in youth and beauty, and
adorned with all tho accomplishments of life ; and
then bo consigned to the embraces of old Hun-
kors. Great laughter. I ask mothers to sco that the
first lessons of maternal love aro mingled with admo
nitions of fidelity to this subject. While in tho Sen-
ate of the United States, I received a letter from the
mother of five children, Sho wrote about tho timo :
oi mo passage oi mis ucauiuui iiuiiproimsu ivci,
Sho wrote in despair, and put the question to me,
41 What can I do? I havo determined that I nan do
one thing, and that T will do faithfully : I will indoc
trinate the riiilmi," And when she has done that,
ho has done much. You can do much, very much to
wards tho moral & political regeneration of this Stato.
One other subject. I want to appeal to Christians,
to those who pofess to bo tho followers of tho Prince
of Peace. I tell you it is my settled and firm con
viction that if tho Churches would just wake up to
llin first nrinoinlea nf their OUtV. it WOUld not 1)0 ICIt
to poor politicians like myself lo arguo this question.
'Though I may drive slavery out of the Democratic
or out of tho Whig party, what can I do if it can go
and hide itself behind the altars of the Church?
What good for poor politicians to talk about slavery,
if you go into tho Churches of tho Lord Jesus Christ
witlt hands dripping witli the blond and pollution of
slavery, and sit down and break the elements of his
crucified body ? I ask you, Christian friends, to wake
up upon the subject, and let tllero be in the high
places of tho Church, and in tho low places, too, fi
delity to tliis great question, and do not let thoso who
are reeking with the guilt and pollution and blood of
this sin find excuse or countenance in the fellowship
with which you receive them into tho Christian
Church. Just as lung as the Church halts, and fal
ters upon this subject, so long will slavery maintain
its position in the field.
Dut it is said that at the north we have nothing to
do with slavery. I think I havo demonstrated that
if we liavo nothing lo do with slavery, slavery has a
crest deal In do with us. Wo can at least form this
resolution, ii iiui , . ....
bo arrested, if the judgment of Heaven must come
down upon tho nalinn fr tins multiplied wrongs of
this syhlem, wo can rcsolvo that in tho day of reckon-
ing the blood of tho victims of oppression shall not
be found upon our garments. Great applause.
Labor and the Money Power.
And who can adequately describe the triumphs of
labor, urged by tho potent spell of money? It has
-extorted the secrets of the universe, aud trained its
powers into myriads of forms of uso and beauty.
From tho bosom of the old ereaiion, it has developed
anew, the creation of industry ami art. It has been
its glory lo overcome obstacles. Mountains have been
levelled and valleys exalted befuro it. It has broken
tho rocky soil into fertile glado ; it has crowned tho
hill-tops witli fruits and verdure, and bound around tho
feet of ocean, ridges of golden coru. Up from the
sunless and hoary deeps, up from the shapeless
quarry, it drags its spotless marble, and rears its
places of pomp. It tears the stubborn metals from tho
bowels of tho globe, and makes ihcm ductile to its will.
It marches steadily on over tho swelling flood, and
through llic mountain clefts. It fans its way through
tli o winds oi ocean, tramples us tioarse surges and
mingles with the flakes of fire. Civilization follows
in its path. It achieves greater victories, it weaves
more durablo trophies, it holds wider sway than the
conquerer. His naino becomes tainted, and his mon
uments crumble ; but labor converts his red battle
fields into gardens and erects monuments significant
of heller things. -It-ridos in a chariot driven by the
wind. It writes witli lightning. It sits crowned as
a queen in a thousand cities, and sends up its roar
of triumph from a million of wheels. It glistens in
the fabric of tho loom, it rings and sparkles from the
steely hammer, it glorio3 in the shape of beauty, it
speaks words of power, it makes the sinewy arm
strong with liberty, tho poor man's heart rich with
content, and crowns the swarthy and sweaty brow with
honor, and dignity, aud peace. This, then, is ono
glorious result from money power. It has projected
these great achievements nf frco labor and industrial
cnterpriso which have beautified tho earth, revealed
and applied new forces, opened new departments of
activity, meliorated tho condition and elevated the
nature of man.
Dut this is by no means the highest good it has
wrought. It has been the chief occasion of the splendid
revelation in the last two centuries, which havo effect
ed the progrcsss of humanity, lilias been almost tho
only power strong enough to cope with and overcome
feudal despotism. I do not call it tho great principle
of these movements, but it was the medium through
which great principles acted it made an issuo for
great piinciples, J?ci. E, H. Chapin.
Pldmdago is Nelson, N. II. A mine of Plumba
go, or Dlack Lead, has been recently .discovered in
Nelson N. II. Tho Nashua Telegraph gives the fol
lowing singular circumstances attending its discovery:
"These mines are upon tho homestoud of Huv. (5nd
Newell, owned by Dr. O. P. Newell. The Doctor's
cow failed to como home as usual, a few nights since,
and in the morning she was found dead, having slip
ped down the steep hill and caught her horns in some
way so as to bieak her neck. One of the Messrs.
Frencli went up to seo whero the "old cow died,"
and looking along where she had slipped, he found she
had uncovered a ledge of the purest lead, and of great
extent. The land lies upon the side hill, so as to
ba drained and operated with the greatest facility.
"The right to work these mines wo believe is se-
cured by Messrs. French, who have all tho machinery
for the manufacture of the article into various mar
ketable shapes. Dut tho land is owned by Dr. Newell
to whom a hanlrSnmo percentage is paid for all lead
taken out, Dy tho lots of his cow, ho has 'struck a
mine' which cannot fail to mike him independent,
Tile stove polish manufactured by Messrs French is
tlig very best article in market."
Remarks of Hon. Joseph T. Buckingham at the
Mass. Frco Soil Convention.
Mv Fnicstii: It is not in my power to say that
t i:j n , CvPCct to lo called upon to mako any remarks
M - ho trulti is, X liavo been silting hero in fear and
tumbling fur smo minutes, lest I should bo called
n port. (Laughter.) Dut, my friends, I did not come
lcrc , ,! a 6i,cech. My timo of service lias pas-
BCj anj g0nu, 1 am not ablo to mako a speech, and
nhvsir.nl infirmity movents mv doinu much Work
You may ask, then, why I came hero, if neither lo
work nor talk That question 1 can very reauuy an-
BWcr cam0 )iero for tho purpose which led Moses
!., (l8 t0p 0f Mount I'isgah, when ho wasabout to
die, and wished to sco tho "promised land. (Ap
plause.) 1 came here, gentlemen, to look upon the
faces of "Young America" (loud cheers) ; not "thro'
a glass darkly," but faco to faco. (Renewed cheers.)
It docs my heart good I fool a sort of rcjuvenescenco
in my wholo-Jrame, (applause,) Iosco so many young
faces bofuro mo, destined, I trust, to establish liberty,
equality, freedom and independence, not only in Mas
sachusetts, but in all America, oven to save tho Un
ion. When I came from homo I resolved not to speak.
I was determined that I would not, even if called up
on ; and this resolution I now rcsolvo and rc-rcsolve,
that I will not violate. Dut, having alluded to tho
old Jewish lawgiver, I will recur to his history unco
more. We aro told, in tho Bible, that in tho prog
rcss of tho Israelites through tho wilderness, tiioy
woro obstructed by the children of Amalck, and wo
aro told that they had a pitched battle, and that whilo
Moses held up his hands, tho Israelites prevailed ;
but when ho let them fall, tho children of Amalek
prevailed. Wo aro told, further, that Aaron and Hur
stood up on each side of Moses, and held up his hands
in order that tho Israelites might prevail, and they
did prevail. Now, I thank God that I can hold up
both my hands without assistance. Thus far I am a
little more favored than Moses; and if the fervent
prayer of so incorrigible a sinner as I am can havo
an effect, these hands I will hold up, and I will pray
f ,10 sllcccs3 nf ti10 Frcc Soil party so lonjr as I
havo broalll t0 prav for anJ.t,jnp. (Loud applause.)
The Koszta Affair. No American can read the
following compliments induced by Captain Ingraham's
conduct in the Koszta affair, without feeling his heart
swell with prido. Tho London Advertiser says.
"Tho mother may leani profitable lessons from her
daughter. Young America sets examples to Old
England, which it were well for tho latter to imitate.
Tho United States though in their infancy as compared
with tho nations of Europo, not only possess greater
t-innr tl.n nnv ntlmr fnitnli-v iinilnr llin nn lull, hnvlnrr
,h0 main's strencth. the Republic knows how to wield
it for her own interests and her own honor. America
is no craven country. She has coutago, and sho
knows when and how to display it. No power will
insult lier with impunity. Sho has not only a quick
perception of what is an affront, but sho loses not a
moment in rcsentiii" it.
Wo say, what all see, that America can, and that
she wii.i. protect her citizens aud guests. SJio has
no standing army she has scarce a navy ; but her flag
. J , .. . ,, ,
ls safo on every sea, and Iho name of "America," and
the passport of America, is a warrant from affront and
outrage. Unarmed, unharmed, sho takes her placo
among nations and is treated with respect and awe.
Wo saw this in the Hungarian war, when Daniel
Webster mado tho Austrian Government abjectly cat
tho lecl;. Wo sec it again now. llio reason is
nlain. America represents the principle of liberty that
makes every people her ally. American statesmen
speak and write in tho interests of a country, not or
class. 1 ho act of this American Captain is the themo
of England, of Germany and Franco. Their journals
.nt iho people feel. Even the Charivari
jests no more; but shouts, "nmr mn .-- .
Fuoitive Slave Law. Tho Department of the
Interior at Washington, received on Monday a letter
from Col. Wynkoop, Marshal of the Eastern District
of Pennsylvania, stating that three of his deputies
were on the point of being arrested on a Slate war-
rant, charging thcin with riotous or illegal conduct in
tho execution of a warrant issued by Justice Grier of
tho U. S. Supremo Court, for the arrest of a negro
claimed as a slave, Islirm Keith of A'irginia. Tho
Marshal asks authority to employ counsel and incur
l. . p..- 1... i; . f,.i
uiu iiui;i;r.s;iry uajumisl-s iur ucieuuiiig 1110 sun. A lie
Secretary replied, by telegraph, directing him to lose
no timo in consulting tho Dictrict Attorney, and to
take any measures for the defense which he might
decm necessary, assuring him that the Department
and the whole Government are determined, at all haz
ards and at any cost, to carry out the provisions of
the Fugitivc'Slavo Law.
Si'jniT ok tjic South. Tho Michigan Free Dcm-oci-tf
says : " A gentleman from New Orleans, a na-
live of tho South, who was in our sanctum a few inin-
! u(es
sinco, remarked that they who had always lived
in tho midst of slavery know its evils better than any
XT ., n . n i , , ' v
Northern man could tell them. They hated slavery
while tho force of circumstances held them to it.
Dut thero was ono thing they despised moro than
slavcry, and that was a silly, lying apology for it by
a Northern man, who had no excuso for his mendac
ity. Wlipn Northern men, bred in tho lovo of Froo-
dom, and the perpetual assertion of it, attempt to su
gar over slavery, they know thoy lie ; and Southern
men know they aro deliberately and wilfully lying
" Solitahv and Alone." Tho Philadelphia In
quirer says Col. Denton is now scventy-ono years old,
and adds : " Wo saw hinvtho other day on tho pave
ment near his house in Washington. Ho is tho
youngest looking man of seventy wo have ever seen ;
rather fuller in habit and broader than ho used to
appear. Ho wears his hat with a knowinjr expres
sion a little on tho left side, walks with a deliberate
and measured tread, having something like prido in
its seeming something that bespeaks a consciousness
that ho is Thomas Hart Denton. He feels his pow
ers, and so does his country, and so will it ever,
His mark will bo left upon tho era of his life. Few
men of equal intellectual power and knowledge havo
appeared on this stage of action.
In C,n5n.al' a fuw davs aRi a ghl named Eliza
beth Clay shot a man named John E. Murray through
tho head, killing him instantly. Murray had succee
ded in accomplishing her xuin under a promise of
marriage, and then deserted her and married another
woman. Whether tho jury, in deciding this case,
may render a verdict of 'murder' or 'justifiable homi
cide,' thero can hardly be a doubt that tho perpetra
tor who inflicted upon his victim a cruelty worse than
death, baa got no moro than his deserts.-.- .
Tho Cleveland Herald thusaddresses old bachel
ors : "If our Maker thought it wrong for Adam to
livo single when thero was not a woman on tho earth,
how criminally guilty are old hachelois, with tho
world full of pretty girls?"
A firo occurred at Duflalo, in that quarter of the
city known as tho Fivo Points, last Wednesday morn
ing, which destroyed over ono hundred buildings, in
cluding several valuablo blocks lately erected on the
burnt district. Tho wind blow furiously, and beforo
'he engines reached tho spot nearly a dozen buildings
ivuiu iii names, iho nro cxicnaca ovor or s acres.
George P. Gordon of New York has invented a
card press which prints 10,000 copies an hour. Tho
card3 are printed from a long strip of card paper,
which runs through the machine, and at every im
pression a single card is cut from the strip ; the ma
chine of courso feeding itself.
: .1 . mi j- . i i
edited nr Mns. o t. ir. Ninitots.
Brntlleltnro, Vt., Oct. 12, 1853.
( lidilo rial Correfpondencc.)
Milwaukee, (Wis.) Bcpt. BO, l0J.
Dear Democrat : I have just returned from a trip
of fifty miles into the country, from Milwaukee to
Delevan. 1 found a plank road all tho way i toll
gates collecting at tiio rato of two cents a mile oil out
two-horse carriage. . . .1 am exceedingly surprised at
the aspect of things thus far in this "far awayState."
There is nothing to remind ono of a new country, ex
cepting hero and there a snug log tenement still oc
cupied, and many an old one, just back oftUc- new
framed or brick houso, reserved for the of. tho
cow or sheep. Dy tho way, I sco few largo barns in
the country ; the hay and straw is mostly stacked out,
and very abundant in proportion to the locks & herds
to bo seen ; which leads me to infer iiat much of it
will ho transported to the cities and litcboard. Tho
whole way was marked by the most satisfactory evi
dences of comfort and advanced civilr.ation.
I regret that I had not counted thoiiumbcr of teams
conveying grain to Milwaukee whilh wo passed in
our journey. On some of these loadj of grain, moun
tain high, women tidily dressed wrt-0 seated beside
men, evidently their husbands or fibers, and appa
rently unconscious of the great war ot 'sphores' which
is being waged elsewhere with so jiuch spirit. In
mv notices of this country I intenc to present more
particularly thoe things in which itjfiFcM, and thoso
advantages which it possesses in cotimon witlt us at
the East. In short, I would if I coitd, givo our rea
ders a correct idea of Wisconsin as i'Miomc to come
to ;" for I feel now as I did not before I had looked
upon her broad prairies, gallant lakes and noble hu
manity, that Wisconsin is destined to Utract n large
proportion of the sons and daughters Wjo turn their
faces westward from the green hills of my mtivc Stato.
'Stone is not plenty. Tho lands aro fiysdwith
oak rails, and what they call mud fenccf'Ricso
latter aro used mostly on tho prairie or marsljy lands.
The soil is thrown up in a Tidgc some two feet in
height, and oak slats split from equal lengths nf saw
ed timber and about four inches in width, are driven
! down illto tllis ridS at C1U distances, say four or
fivo inches apart
Frequently nothing is added lo i
this fencing, hut often a singlo slat 13 nailed along on
tho ()f thcs0 , ,ri hts and tlU3 hoMi icm ,0.
, rrll , , , ,. ,, ,
Rc,,,cr- 11,0 muJ tlms lhrown "P a,lJ hatdcns'
i aild when grassed or sodded over, as in many cases,
makes a pretty durablo fence. I passed through and
j,y sovcral prairies.
i t, , . r ... , . . , ,
I)elcau is a fine village containing several tbou-
, sanJ inhabitants, located on a prairie of the samo
name, with Delevan lake on its borders. Tho hou-
ses, as in other villages here, aro built of wood and
brick ; tiio latter, hard burned, cost four or five dol
lars a thousand. They have a pressed brick, used
for the fronts of houses, the most beautiful I havo
ever seen, which is sold at ten to twelve dollars a
ti10UsanJi Tho Milwaukee brick is a rich bufT color
,, , . . . . ,. ,
fill aspect to the villages and farms. I see buildings
between tho buff and red brick a yellowish red, and
very pretty as a variety. To build with wood costs
about two-thirds as mucll as to build with brick.
Master masons' wages here aro two dollars a day ;
other l)ricMilyCr3 about $1 50
T , , .. . , . , ,
II cosl3 muc1' lcss 10 1,vo licrc ,ha" 1,1 "rattlcboro.
' Meat is two to three cents a pound cheaper ; rents,
in tho heart of the city, just about the same.
iclwcon Milwaukee and Delevan wo passed sovo-
l 1
ral fine, populous villages Elkhorn, Spring Prairie,
Rochester, Waterford and Greenfield. . . .While at
Delevan I visited the grounds of Mr Frank D. Phoe
nix a devoted friend of Freedom and Temperance
and found fifteen acres of tho finest laud laid out in a
fruit orchard and nursery. It was a promising sight,
and nothing finer is to be found in New England.
I Moro anon. C. I. II. Nichols.
P. S. One word about politics in this Stato. Frco
Soil is in tho ascendant. Tho several narties havo
: , i .i j-1 . r t-. . i
i nominated their candidates for Stato officers as usual ;
, . - , . , r, . ,
1)ut ,,oforo thw rcachcs 'ou a Pcor'c's ticket will bo
! scnt oui sustained by the Preo Soilers and Tempe-
ranee men of all parties, with Ex-Govcrnor Farwcll
at thn hpad. lift iq a whnln bnnrlp.l frnn nnitpr nnil
. . r - . C
has heretofore spoken in favor of the Maine Law.
Mr Helton, the Free Democratic nominee for Gover-
nor, is also true on Temperance ; but
his election is
so very doubtful that 'his best friends arc faia to ao-
cept his refusal and nominate Farwell
U. S. Deputy Marshals Judge Grier. At Phila
delphia, 4th inst., U. S. Deputy Marshals Crossman
& Jenking, wero arrested on warrants charging them
with riot and assault and battery upon Dill Thomas,
a fugitive slave recently arrested at Wikesbirre.
They were brought beforo Judgo Grier of the U. S.
Circuit Court, on a writ of habeas corpus, on Wednes
day, when U. S. District Attorney Ashmead asked
for their disehargo on the ground that no more forco
was used than was necessary, tho fugitives being nr
med. Judgo Grier said, that if writs were to bo ta
ken out in the manner of those on which these deputy
marshals wero arrested, he would have the case scnt
to the Grand Jury for an indictment against tho per
son who applies for or assists in getting the writ ; a
gainst tho lawyer who issues and tho sheriff who serves
it, to seo whether the U. S. officers are to bo arrest
ed and harassed whenever they attempted to servo a
process. David P. Drown, tho counsel for the Anti
Slavery Society, asked for a week's delay in order to
prpcuro witnesses, which was granted.
ReLeasb QgyKpszTA. Tho National Intellijscncer
ann'ounecslhat an arrangement for tiio release ofTTos
zta has been effected with the Austrian Ambassador,
It states that he was arrested by tho Austrian Gov
ernment, in the hopo that that Government might,
through him, obtain some information concerning tho
hidden Hungarian jewels, and that tho subsequent
finding of thoso has induced his release. A very
fortunate pretext by which to back out of a had scrape.
A yojing lady at Decatur, Illinois, recently marri
ed a professed minister of the gospel, on vorv short
acquaintance. Seven days afterwards sho found her-
Ben acseneujaua made tho unwelcome discovery that
the horso and carriage sported by her pious spouse
wero stolen. It is not always Bafo to take a black
coat and whito neck-tio as conclusive evidence of cha
racter. (Vide instances at tho, lato N. Y. World's
Temperance Convention.) ife
A conspiracy to destroy tho life of Cassius M. Clay
has been discovered and thwarted in Kentucky.
To the Women in different Towns of the County and
Slate, tt-Ao are interested and to whom this may come.
Sistcrsl Reasons, which I need not hero specify, moved
mo to absent myself from my home field of labor for hu
manity, during a few weeks, In which I had designed to
mako a special effort to procuro signers to petitions, nsk-
ing of our Legislature to rcstoro to married women their
alienated property rights, and the equal custody and guar-
dlanshlp of their children ( also'to renew th?pciitlon pre-
rp.i1 last roar, nrtlntr fnr worn mi f.nitnUvnto.In tho
district school meetings. SPw
There aro many of you, my sisters, who have expressed ,
a wish to do something In this cause, If only you had the
"abTlity." I now appeal to you to do wlutt, could I bo a
dozen women 1 would gladly do; or, were I among you,
tho individual I am, I would attempt alone. AVill you
cut out tho petitions which fullow, pasto them on scparato
sheets of paftcr, nnd nsk tho signatures of men and wo-J
men, few or many, as you havo timo nnd success ! I ask
of you earnestly not to let any consideration of trifling
moment prevent you from acting in this matter individu
ally. And if several hi a place will do tho same, let them
add together the names procured and send them to Mont
pelicr by the town representative, if ho bo favorablo or
willing to present them; or to Mr Shafter, Mr Stone, or
Mr Hunt, or any other gentleman in the County whoso
gallantry will serve us if not his judgment. Theso peti
tions should bo circulated immediately and sent on by the
representatives, that they may bo under the consideration
of the Committees at an early day and secure a deliberate
attention. Additional names may be sent on at nny time
during the session and add their weight tothc demands
of the petitioners.
To the Legislature of the State of Vermont.
Whereas existing laws ignore the equal, naturalnrid
peculiar responsibility of woman ns a parent, giving to
the fithcr the custody and guardianship of the children,
as against the mother, during his life, and by will aUhis '
..a ..b...ua. ..... , b , - 3
(icatn: incrciore we, me unucrsigncu, uo ii-fiK.-uiiiinj
. M .... , 1 .1.. 1ft. II..
nnd earnestly pray your honorable body to repeal all
those laws which distinguish between the paternal nnd
maternal relation, giving preference of right to children's
custody to the former, during coverture nnd in case of di
vorce; and power to determine their guardianship by will
after his death. AVo nsk that tho laws bo so amended as
to leave tho gnardiansbip of the children to the surviving
parent; incapacity alone to deprive cither parent of the
sacrcdViglit involving tho disehargo of duties imposciTby
God upon tho parent.
We ask that neither laws, nor courts, nor deceased f.u
thers bo allowed to appoint guardians over children to
whom God has preserved mothers capable of discharging
the ordinary duties of guardianship. To this end your
petitioners will ever pray, and protest against all laws
divorcing the capable mother from her child.
To the Legislature of the Stale of Vermont:
Whereas by a law of tho State, lmrried women aro
competent to acquire and hold property independent of
their husbands, thus recovering tho means for lack of
which they were originally deprived of the right to bo
.guardians of their minor children: Thcrcforo we, tho
undersigned, ask of your honorable body a repeal of the
law which declares that the guardianship vested in the
mother expires nt marriage; also that a law bo enacted
restoring to tho wifo who holds property in her own right,
the right to act as guardian of her minor children.
CJT Tho Vermont Chronicle of recent date, stated that
"the Rev Antoinette Brown is pastor of a Unitarian
church somewhere in New York.' Wo have spent a good
deal of time with Miss Urown before and sinco her. settle
ment, and can assure the Chroniclo that she is settled
over an Orthodox Congregational church in South llut
lcr, Wayne County, N. Y., and is one of the most ortho
dox of tho orthodox a thorough old fashioned Calvnnist.
fihfl..is Biisypctcil of .bu'.finSUySivrr-,belic,vinSLlldj)Viirw.
-...t3 "v.x.. a ig .I...VJI ill 1IJU UllUrCU.
Literary Notices.
LlTTKM s Liviao Aoe. Contents of Ao. 489 Pedi
gree nnd Heraldry; Relation of Client and Lawyer; Rail
way Incident; Lioutctlant Maury; Tho Greek and tho
lurk; Lady Leo's Widowhood, Part IX; Tho Embroider
ed Gloves; Characteristics of tho Duko of Wellington;
Tho Arts beforo tho Flood; Lord Clarendon's Explanation
respesting tho East; The Debate In the Houso of Com
mons; Tho Futuro of the Cuba Question: Necessity of
tne rortc's Acceptance of tho Joint Note; Discovery of
an Ancient 1'yramul; l'oetry, Short Articles, &c.
"Household Words," American edition, is issued at
New York by McElrnth & Darker, at two dollars a year
to mail subscribers. It is edited by Charles Dickens, and
is ono of tho most entertaining periodicals published.
The October Nos. of the Phrenological and Water-Curo
Journals, and The Student, published by Fowlers and
Wells, New York ; Woodwork's Youth's Cabinet, and
the Boys' and Girls' Magazine all in good season and
full of interest are received. Carpenter has them.
Jcwett & Co. of Boston will immediately put to press
Harriet Bcecher Stowe's "Records of Travels Abroad,"
illustrated by herself. Theso "Records" Mill fill two vol
umes of tho size of Uncle Tom's Cabin, and, it is pre
sumed, meet a ready nnd extensiro sale.
The N. Y. Tribuno states that Rov.Edwnrd Bcecher, DD.
will soon issue a trcatiso on Theology that is expected to
, ..... , -M'"-""
"command xerv wn,.rl tnn u 1 ....:.i"i
Conflict of Aires, or the C.Z i m Z 2
.! f r .i i nr ., r. .
tion of God and Man. It maintains the prc-cx.,tence
of man ere he became a denizen lus clomly planet.
Massachusetts Lands Tho bill for tho purehaso of
the lands in Maino belonging to Massachusetts has passed
both branches of the Maine Legislature in the Houso
to 30; in tho Senate 22 to 10. These lands are located
pn tho Kennebec and Aroostook rivers nnd tho upper wa
ters of tho river St John, comprising 1,100,000 acres
Massachusetts offers to sell tho wholo for 302,500.
Rev Georgo Tyler, sou of the late Hon. Royall Ty
ler, has, wo are infoi-mcd, accepted a call of the Congre
gational church and society in this village to bocouio their
pastor, in placo of Rev A. H. Clapp, resigned.
Shocking Tragedy at Oberlin, Ohio. On the lGthof
September a most revolting murder was committed about
threo miles cast of Oberlin. A man named Fullam had
slandered a Miss Barber aud another young lady. Tho
brother of Miss Barber, and a Mr Lovell, the lover of the
other lady, went to Fullam to talk tho matter over. Ho
repulsed them with threats and becamo enraged. They
left him and returned to their work. After supper ono
of them proposed that they should take their rifles aud go
over to Fullam nnd frighten him. Accordingly they took
their guns (a rifle and a shot gun) and started. On ar
riving they found Fullam and his wifo raking hay. Lov-
ell advanced to him and said, "Well, 1'vo corao to havo
it out." Fullam seized a pitchfork and mado a despcrato
plunge at him; Fullam's wifo clinging to him, shrieking,
nnd endeavoring to prevent his striking Lovell. He sue-
7; ""'-"B ; " rv .. ... ...v -.-,
Lovell, enraged at this, fired his piece. mlArng Fullam
and lodging tho contents m 1,U wife s head, winding her
aangerousiy ir no, mor any. , nanuea ,n empty
gun to Barber to re-load, took tho loaded gun and started
,or jiomo, ru, 10uU.uK mm imc.uut...
tcr going some distance Lovell tumdltamnd and fired,
and Fullam being but two feet frowlVl rn, recci v cd the
whole charge in his side, .tearing hinvin ahorriblo man
ner & killing him Instantly. Ho leaves a fjjmiij'of three
children, Tho murderers wero immediately arrested,
Albany .irgui, ,
)tQjfc " ' t
f3T Bears have- turned up near North Adams, and kill
ed several 8hccpbf Joseph Canada of Stamford. One
was caught in a trap yrhich, wiih a log, he carried forty
rods, aud then left a part of hU foot and ma lo off,
For the Democrat.
School days ! What pleasing associations and fond
refmcmberances cluster around those sunny days of
my early youth ! They we're, indeed, happy days,
around which, even now, memory delights to linger
calling up images of tho past and mirroring again tho
scenes of those bygono years. I love to look back
upon tho time when tho rays of science first bIiooo
"1)0" tho mind when the first draughts were drank
from ,no fount of knowledge when ideas began to
prminato, and thought was first trained to think. I
,ovo t0, lIacc ,,ho wing ' d as it grow and
P tho Rcmal influence of instruction-
to mark iU enlarged capacity in youth, and its increas
ing vigor in maturer years.
Tho companions, too, of thoso gone-by days!
Methinks I sco them now as thruused to sit connine-
over their various tasks soifto with all tho ardor of!
young aspirants striving to win the honors of the
school others, carinir less for honors than for fun.
taxing to tho utmost the vigilance of tho teacher to
keep them within proper bounds, while a few, with- ,
out sufficient enemy to care for either. Tcnuired the
stimulus of compulsion to jog them on. And then that "'0 municipal law of Austria concerning cilizen
"tho nooning!" Who docs not remember tho gen- ship cannot bo considered as international law; that
oral outbursts that followed its announcement, when ho was in Smyrna under the protection of tiio Amcr
from tho restraints of school wo sprang at once into n consulate, which according to tho laws and usa
tho glorious liberty of " noon-timo!" I Eca of ,ho East recognized by international law,
Dut as I look back upon that gay and happy group, j would havo entitled him to American protection witli
as wo used to iuir.,rlo in tho sports of childhood and i nllt a,,y olhcr c,aim 5 t,l!lt Austrian agents gross
tho hilarities of youth, a shade of mournful reflection ' violated tho law of nations, and became "wrong
coines over mo, and I can hardly persuade myself of doers" in seizing Koszta ; and, in a vord, that tho
tho chango a few short years havo wrought among us. i "'"'cd Stales would not comply with tho demands or
Some arc sustaining the relation of husbands and i Austria, but requires that Koszta bo restored to the
fathers, of wives and mothers, whose eh ldrcn now
occupy the same seats in the samo school-room where ' '" Smyrna,
thev themselves once sat. Others have gono from Wilh 11,0 coolcst a,ul most brazc" impertinence,
the" haunts of their early years, and amid the stirring , llic Austrian communication charges the United States
.... ... bJ..,:ii. i...;.. . l ,i. ,,.,..,i ;i r 'r...t-n.r .....1
scenes et lite aro acting their pait in the drama ot
. - r.... i i 1 .. v
i;..lSt(.'ML'U, WllllU .1 JC1V 11U1U IVUUUITUU HIT, lUT ITUIU
tho homo of their childhood, toilin-r to win for them-
selves a naino and a place among the great ones
Dut many, very many, of thoso young and joyous
ones havo passed away and gono to an early grave.
All, save one, wero victims of that fell-destroyer, con
sumption. They all sleep in tho same church-yard,
and as the last beams of the selling sun gild the close
of day I Ipvo to visit .their, quit resting-place, and
thero wander among tho images of the past, whilo
tho memories of tho departed steal over mo like gen
tle whispers from the spmt land
Tin! iliro la an ennt wlinrr T fmnll liiirrn n-rtiirwl
which clusters the sweetest associations nf mv nnrlv
days. Yes, she who hero sleeps was the boon com-1
panion of my childhood, the friend and confidant of,
after years. We loved as sisters, and with hearts in
unison no jarring string worried the harmony of our
friendship. Our childish joys and griefs, our youth-1
ful hopes and aspirations, wo shared together, and '
even the secrets of the heart we held in common with j three days' later European news. Tho aspect of tho
each other. Timo but strengthened the ties of our , Turkish difficulty was more threatening, and the gen
friendship, and in the simplicity of our affections wo 1 oral impression at Constantinople is that tho Sultan
never dreamed even that the light of our morning was
soon to bo obscured by the clouds of adversity.
Dut, oh the destroyer came ! Well do I remem
ber when the fact forced itself upon me, that sho
whom I loved so well, was indeed passing away.
True, I had long marked the advances of that insidi
ous disease llic hollow, cough, and hectic flush, too
plainly told tho fearful truth. She, too, felt her dan
gcr; Dut neither ot us lound words to speak it, for ( has arisen between the English and French Ministers,
hopo yet told his flattering talc. Dut, alas! the pain-, the latter insisting that tho' English floet should bo re
fill truth could not long be disguised ; and when I j moved to Constantinople, and tho former objecting,
knew that sho must die, my poor heart rebelled against j The English and French Governments havo sent dis-
tho dealings ot Providence, and in its rcpimngs was
wcll nigh ready to mtirmur against the Omnipotent
Sho struggled hard and long, for lifo was sweet,
",i.HioJip., iiint hoi""1 '- i .o-iiaiu-iu sever.
uiu grace iriumpne.i, anu calmly as the gentle infant
sinks to reposo upon its mother's bosom, so calmly
she sank to her long sleep. My own spirit was sub-
dued, and though I wept tears, bitter tears, yet the
hallowed feeling of resignation and trust was mingled
with my sorrow. And now, as I stand by her last
juaimt; juacu, uur geutie spirit seems to hover near,
whispering words of heavenly peace and hopo lo cheer
mo on ; and never do I turn from that loved spot
without feeling strcngtlicnd to tread the paths of life
endure its ill, and readily perform as best I may its
duties here in hopes of that blessed day when wo shall
again unite to part no more forever.
From Oregon.
A general Indian war appears to have lately broken out
in Oregon, and promises to be a war of extermination.
The Governor had sout to Van Couvcr's Island for arms,
which wero promptly forwarded to Rogue River. Judge
Skinner, Indian Agent for Roguo Ricr district, had been
butchered in a horrible manner by the Indians. In Elk
Valley a party of 22 men under Lieut Ella had a fight
with 1G0 warriors; tho battle lasted thrco hours. Tho!
whites had five men killed nnd five wounded. Of the In- j
dians only six wero killed. . . .In Scott Valley several set- i
tiers had been murdered by tho Indians, nnd several men
killed in skirmishes with the savages. j
The Mountain Herald of August' 2fi, says: "Families
havo been driven fruni their horflcs and compelled to for-
tify themselves in number fnr nrnlrvltrtn ihn r..v..M
I . . 7 '
I .,a' .? . .f f T ?l
v 1 B 1 Bui osMiranco oi nn nuuiuunt
harvest, now present a scene of devastation, and must oc-
casion tho utter ruin of numerous families. Wo have ev-
cly confillcncol!l our citizens who have gono in pursuit of
I "So toe. lliey will avengo these outrages, and not
- , J .vu0 .UWVVUUHjjrajUH
quit tho field While tho color of an Indian is seen."
Murder in Springfield, .Ms. A shocking murder was
committed in that section of Springfield known as 'Hayti'
on Friday night. Horaco and George Sands, colored bro
thers, wero on. a drunken spree. Their mother was with
them, when n quarrel and a struggle commenced between
her and George, Bhe endeavoring to wrest a gun from
him. In tho melee the kuii was discharced, the wad lodz -
ing iu her scalp. Horace then discharged a gun at George, ing detained in confinement, Mr, Clay, U. S. Min
hitting him in tho stomach, but not wounding hint fatally. . ister to Lima, forthwith chartcicd tho Dritish steamer
He then shot again, hitting him in the head and the shot j Dolivia, jmd went to tho Chinchas lo investigate, and
proving fatal in a few minutes. Horace has been arrest- , has sent despatches to Washington on tho subject.
cd and lodged in jail. Springfield Hepub.
MrauuiD Caught. The Halifax (Nova Scotia) Chron- I
iclo puts forth the following bit of news:
"A most extraordinary fish was caught in tho salmon
net of Mr Hazlct Hamilton of Bundoran, in the Donegal
Bay. last week. It is a beautiful creature: the haul. I
shoulders and waist resemble a woman; tho lower part,
.f . .. .1 11M f. ,
wui ui u. Dauuuu. iiul-u ivu saw n u was uuvo in a ves- iwcnty-iivo pounds per day is said to ue tho averao
sol of salt water, and Mr Hamilton hoped to preserve it pr(Kiuct 0f ono man.s abor.
nnvntlmr.wn.V- '1 Iifi nvM nrn hojinlifiil. Ta nvma t.-lmn 4
touched, became stiff, and tho v hol.1 Lodv annoaretl Mnsl.
tivo to the touch. Many persons considered it a young
I mermaid."
A sale of thorough-brod short-horned Cattle look placo
in Madison "county, Ohio, on the 27th ult. Fifteen bulls
urougur n aYcrasu ol vno ol IUBU1 Bom 10r 9 uu
each. Fivo cows sold at 8000 to 81300 each. Twenty-
, fiT0 Leicester sheep averaged $G0 each. A Suffolk hog
w BoU for
, Tho Melbourno (Auetralia) Morning Herald of tho 18th
June states that John Mitciicu, one or tho transported
Irish patriots, has effected his cscapo from the island, ma
king tho fourth of theso prisoners who havo obtained their
liberty In a similar manner.
Tho Canada Railroad will bo ready for uso from Niaga
ra to Detroit on tho 1st of January next. It is 280 miles
in length, aud nearly on an air line.
Tho New York and New Haven Railroad Company has
already paid nearly two hundred thousand dollars to thoso
who were injured, and to those who lost their relatives by
tho acoHcnt nt Norwalk.
Mr. Maroy's Reply to Austria.
This reply is strong, clear, and unequivocal. It
denies Iho claim of, Austria, and makes that claim ap
pear so unwotthy and contemptible that the Czar him
self Would bo nshamcd of it, if his policy allowed
him to bo ashamed of anything. The document
shows great ability, and will establish Mr. Marcy'a
reputation as a diplomatist.
Tho Austrian communication, to which it is a re
sponse, urged the following points, viz: that Koszta
had never ceased to bo an Austrian subject ; that tho
Austrian Consul had a right to seize him in Smyrna ;
that Capt. Ingraham was guilty of declaring war n
gainst Austria ; that ho violated tho tights of a neu
tral port ; add finally, that the government of tho U
nitcd Slates must disavow tho conduct of its agents in
tho Koszta affair, "call them to a severe account, and
tender to Austria a satisfaction proportionate to tho
magnitude of the outrage."
Mr. Marcy says, in reply: that our government
entirely approves of tho conduct of its agents in this
affair ; that Austria's claim to a right to arrest refit-
Bees in Turkey was decided against her in tho case"
of Kossuth and his companions ; that Koszta had
si'ico taken measures to become an American citizen ;
conuiuon no enjoyeu ueiuru no was bcizcu in uiosireeis
, "t. " . ......
' Ronks lo lirinn- nur irnrcrnmnnt to rnnnntanco therefor.
" ""i"
! Tfl ,llis 5Ir- Maroy replies, that the Sultan makes no
of,sch complaint against us, and our Government does
not recognize tho right of Austria to make it. In
discussing tho question of allegiance and tho right of
a man to transfer his relations of citizenship from ono
nation to another, Mr. Marcy puts forth this doctrine
for the consideration of tho despots : '
"When tho Sovereign power, wheresoever it may
be placed, docs not answer tho ends for which it is be
stowed wlicn it is not exerted for tho general wel
fare of the people, or has become oppressive to indi
viduals this right to withdraw rests on as firm a ba
sis, and is similar in principle, to tho right which lo
. gitimatizes resistanco to tyranny."
Wo 1,01' tho Czar wiU study that doctrine until ho
fecls edified. Commonwealth.
Three Days Later from Europe,
The steamship Arabia, from Liverpool the 21th tilt,
arrived at New York on Thursday morning, brinjjinir
will mako no concession, cither to Russia or to tho
combined peace-making powers. Austria has fairly
backed out of the coalition of powers, and is disposed
to side witli Russia. The Turks aro in tho highest
pitch of fanaticism, and even call upon tho Sultan to
declare war, or abdicate his throne.
A bitter feeling is exercised by tho Mussclmcn a-
gainst England, and it is said that another difficulty
patches to tho Sultan, urging him to accept tho Vicn-
na note, pure and simple.
Thero is no news of impottanco from England.
At Newcastle tho deaths from cholera averaged 111)
, per day. Other places report from one to thirty deaths
, daily. Steps have been taken at Sheffield to raise a
sum of money for Kossuth. The French Emperor,
it is said, has recently declarcd.'in connexion witli the
Turkish question, that he shall not go to war. Ho
and the Empress set out on thcS-Jd tilt, on their North-
, enl tour.
At Liverpool, breadstuff's were active and advan
cing. Within tho week, flour had advanced 18d.,
wheat 5d., and corn Id. Cotton hail declined l-8d.
Provisions were generally unchanged.
Tho Governor of Tcmi (Italy) has been put to
death by the people for insulting their petition for
cheaper bread on tho first ult. Tho reading commit
tco of tho Holy Inquisition at Rome, have again con
demned "Unclo Tom's Cabin" as damnable and per
nicious. Cholera is committing great ravages in tho upper
part of India. A sevcio famine prevails in Durmah.
Intelligence from the Pacific.
The steamer Crescent City, which arrived at N.Y.
on Tuesday evening, brought tho Pacific mails, 500
passengers from California, and about $1,000,000 in
gold, including $10,000 from Australia, which is tho
first shipment from that, country to the United States.
Australian dates aro to the 20th of July, at which
timo tho miners wero agitating for tho reduction of
ihn ItVnnftn tnv. T.nrn-n mnnlinira I. ml l.oo l.nl.l
i ...i . , . .. . 1 ..
I wmc" "10su 1,1 aticnuanco wore armc.t to me tcetli,
I and Krcat dtcraont prevailed. Fresh discoveries of
goli arc reported, and the mining intelligence is ra
vorablo. A box containing X10.000 in specie had
' been lost in the Yarra by the swamping of L boat.
Further particulars of tho state of affairs at Chin-
cha, in winch tho captain of the American ship Dcfi-
ance was wounded, aro given. Tho Defiance, it ap
pears, on going to sea saluted tho other American ves
sels, and was fined ; a second salute was then fired,,
which so enraged the Peruvian commander that ho
went on board the Defiance with three armed boats'
crews, and after a severe encounter, seized the Cap
tain, bound him, and threw him into ono of their
boats, severely injuring him. A Peruvian officer and
' r.i-n.r ii,n tl.- ti. rioi; ir. rsii ),. ,..,..,; t,.
The Dolivian port of Cobija is under blockade, and'
tho Dolivian President was bo constantly engaged a
gainst revolutionary movements that ho could not at
tack Pom.
Most exciting stories havo reached Santiago do Dor
giaof gold discoveries on the Amazon and its hranch-
cs ; tho washings aro said to extend forty leagues, andl
, . . '
Mex'ican Matters. Letters from Mexico repre
sent Santa Anna as distressingly 'hard up,' and as
failing in all his attempts to raise tho wind. His
project for a national bank to put tho Government in
fnmla ttnci lipon nlifinilnnn.t nrwl iTim r2twf.-n.nnnt ?
wil10ut lll(J moan8 tQ hs (jai, cxpc)seSi T,,er0,
is notli Icft of tho milUoJ of doar8 receivcJ
from tho cillrch onil tho application to the samo source
for an aiWitiona, ,oan of Sl7 000,000, has been met
wit)l a rica, 0f absolute inability to furnish it. Itob-
; bcrics, as well in tho cities as on tho highways, havo
becqme so frequent that tho military law has taken tho
placo of tho pivil code, and summary punishment,
without tho aid of cither judgo or jury, follows im
mediately upon tlig heels of detection. Detween,
fifty and sixty persons were garolcd in one day for
, John W. II. Underwood of Georgia has been ap
pointed Assistant U. S. Judge for tho territory of U
tali ; Charles Dloomer, Marshal of New Mcxie'

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