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;' ? 34 r 1 L r , All Home Print. GEN. WASHINGTON EXTENDED HISTORY OF HIS LIFE. Of tli Pint and I'mnoim President of the United Slates for an Karly AVrltcr--lncilont and Adteattire- or in Lire. CHAPTER I. Of Georgo Washington's birtb, family and edeuation Of his mission to tho French commandant on tho Ohio- in 1753 His military op erations as an officer of Virginia from 1704 to 1758 Subsequent employments to tho eminence ment of tho American Revolu tion. Chapter 1 1753 to 1758. Continued from lost week. Tho distresses of tho inhabitants ex oocded all disoription. if they went into stockade forts, they suffered from tho want of provisions were ofton surrounded, and sometimes out off. By flceiug, tlioy abandoned the oonvonienocs of homo, and tho means of support. If they continued on their farms, they lay down every night un der apprehensions of being murdered before morning. But this was not tho worst. Captivity and torturo woro frequently their portion. To all theso evils, women, aged persons and child dron, woro equally liable with men in arms; for savages make no distinction. 'Extermination is their object. To Washington tho inhabitants looked for that protection he had not tho means of giving. In a letter to tho governor, he obsorved, tho supplicat ing tears of tho women, and moving petitions of tho men, melt mo with deadly sorrow that I solomuly declare, if I know my own mind, I could offer jnyBolf a willing saenfiao to ino butoh oring enemy, provided that would con tribute to tho people's case. Virginia presented a frontier of 3G0 miles, ex posed to thcBO incursions. Hard was the lot of Washington, to whom was intrusted tho defence, of these exten sive settlements without means ade quate to tho purpose. Tho regiment toted by the assembly was never filled. Its aotual number was moro ofton be low than above 700 men. Tho militia afforded a very fceblo aid, on which little relianoo could bo placed. They slow in collecting, and whon collected, soon began to hanker after home; and whilo in camp, could not submit to that discipline, without which an army is a mob. Tho militia laws were very defcotivo. Cowardice in time of aotioD, and elcopine; while on duty, though orimes of most destruotivo nature, wcro very inadequately pun ished by tho oivil code under which they took tho field. Doacrtioa and mutiny, for some considerable time, subjooted the offenders to nothing more than slight ponalties. Washing ton was incessant in his representa tions to tho governor and to tho as sembly, that no reliance could bo placed on tho malitia, under existing regulations, and that the inoonsidcr ablo number, enlisted for regular ser vice, together with tho plans proposed for tho securities of tho frontiers, wero altogether inadequate. He not only pointed out tho dofoct of the sys tems which had been adopted, but submitted to tho consideration if those in power, such measures as ho thought best, and particularly recom mended, la caso offensivo operations wero not adopted, that twenty-two extending in a line of 3G0 miles, should bo immediately creotcd and garrisoned by 2,000 mon, in constant pay and service; but on all occasions gave a deoided preference to tho re duction Df Fort Duquesne, as tho only M sit MA I VAIHAri tnfl III A A til is taliiskli .a ft HU IV Hi 1VIUVWJ V uw VTH0 V ffUIVU jk-3WTiSLwkCt,y?T"fcrt PH & uPKKKBBkl9Bw9V'vrK "''3iS3ttaISjHKi??' CBlSiALT &aBSBeSM'?r?w7BBBW4Ba1w9FrJS-AW. Ba SjS BflBn. fcfTI-- Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty," and One Dollar a year is Red the frontier settlements wcro exposed. Propositions to this effect wcro made and urged by him in 175G and 1757, both to tho government of Virginia, and tho commanders in ohicf of the British forces in America; but a short sighted policy in tho first, and prefer anco given by tho last to a vigorous prosecution of the war in the northern colonics, prevontcd their acceptance. To his inexpressible joy, tho project obtained, in tho year of 1758, tho completo approbation of Gen. Forbes, who was charged with the defenco oi tho middlo and southern colonics. This being resolved upon, tho move ments of the army wcro directed to that point. Part of tho forco destined for this expedition was at Philadel phia; part at Say's Town; and part dispersed on tho frontiers of Virginia. To bring all together was a work of tinio and difficulty. Washington urged the necessity of an early cam paign; but such delays took place that ho did not rcooivo orders to assemble his regiment at Winchester, till tho 24th of Maj; nor to proceed from thence to Fort Cumberland, till the 24th of June; nor to proceed to Ray's Town, till tho 2d of October, and it was as lato as tho 25th of November when they reached Fort DuqucBno. These dolays wero extremely mortify ing to Washington, and thicatcned to render tho campaign abortive Ho urged tho noccssity of expedition, and most pointedly remonstrated against ono of the priccipal causes of delay. This was a resolution adopted by his superiors, for opening a now road for tho army, in prefcrance to that whioh was generally known by the name of Gen. Braddook's. Being overruled ho quietly submitted. Instead of em barrassing measures ho thought in judicious, the whole energies of him self and his regiment wero exerted to mako tho most of thoso which his commanding officer preferred. Tho progress of tho army was so slow that it did not rcaoh Loyil Hannah till the 5th of November. Hero it was determined in a council of war, to bo unadviBablo to prooecd any further that campaign. If this resolution had been adhered to tho only alternative would havo been to winter an army of .8,000 men in a oold hospitable wilderness, rcmoto from all friendly settlements, or to tread back their stops and wait for a more favorablo season. In oither caso thoy would havo suffered immen sely. The propriety of tho remons trances mado by Washington against the many delays whioh had taken placo, now becamo obviously striking. Tho hopes of restoring peace to the frontier settlements by reducing Fort Duquesne, began to vanish, But contrary to all human appearances, success was now offered to their grasp at tho very moment they had given up every hope of obtaining it. Some prisoners wcro taken, who gavo such information of tho state of tho garrison, as induced a rovcrsal of tho lato determination, and encour aged tho general to proceed, Wash ington was in front superintending the opening of the road for the ac comodation of tho troops. They ad vanced with slow and oautious Bteps until thoy reached Fort Duquesne. To their great surpriso they found tho fort evacuated, and thai tho garrison bad retreated down the Ohio river, The reasons for tho abandonment of so advantageous a position, must bo looked for elsewhere. British hnd urged tho war with so much vigor and rucccss ogainst tho French Mo tho northward of tho Ohio, that no rein forcements could be spared to Fort Duquesne. Tho British fleet had captured a Cloud, Webster County, oonaidorablo part of tho reinforce ments designed by Franco for her col onics. Tho tide of forluno had begun to turn ogainst tho French in favor of tho English. This weakened tho influence of tho former over tho In dians, and caused thtin to withdraw from tho support of tho garrisou, Under different circumstances, the sucocss of the compaign would have been doubtful, perhaps impracticable. Tho benefits which resulted from the acquisition of Fort Duquesne, proved tho soundness of Washington's judg ment in so waunly urging, for thrco years, an expedition for its reduction. These were not oonfined to Virginia, but extended to Pcnn'ylvama and Maryland. While the French woro in possession of that post, tho Indians near tho Ohio wcro entirely at thtir beck. This was their placo of ren dezvous, and from it thoy mado fre quent and runious incursions into theso three colonics. Thoy neither spared ago nor sex, but killed or cap tivated indiscriminately all who camo in their way. Fin and devastation tho scalping knifo and tomahawk, marked their route. A oamplcto rev olution in tho disposition of tho In dians, resulted from the expulsion of the French. Always prono to take part with tho strongest, tho Indians desortcd their anoiout friends, and paid court to thoso who, by recent conquest, wcro now in possession of tho country. A treaty nf peace wob soon after conoluded with all tho In dian tribes between tho lakes and tho Ohio. Fort Duquosno henceforward assumed tho namo of Fort Pitt, re ceived considerable repairs, and was garrisoned by 200 men from Washing ton's regiment. It became as useful in tho future to tho English settle ments, as it had been injurious while in the occupation of tho French. Tho campaign of 1758 ended tho military career of Col. Washington, as a provincial officer. Tho great ob ject on which his heart was set, tho rcduotion of Fort Duquesne, boing accomplished, ho resigned his com mand. During tho thrco preceding years in which ho was charged with tho de fenco ot Virginia, nono of thoso great events ooourrcd which enliven and adorn tho pago of history; yet the duties ho performed wero extremely arduous. Ho cstabliscd exact disci pline In his regiment, and infused in to them Buch a spirit as made thorn, whon in action, fight like mon, and dio liko seldicrs. To bo continued. All that money, oxporienco, skill an perservoranco can do has been dons in the preparation and manufacture of Dr. Saw yer's Pastilles for ludica. Deyo fc Grlos - . ,i a .. in, Mrs. Rowland linn sold hor niillinory etoro at Greuloy to Mrs. Connoll. . s Ono trial paokago of Dr. Snwyor's Pas tilles will prove to any lady that the remedy is what she want and will ure her, Try a sample. Deyo it Qrioe, There is u building boom at Sholton, especially in the icsidonco lino, Ono trial will do moro to convinoe you of the niorlta of Dr. Sawytr'a Pastille than all we can say. Ladies, try n cample package Sold by Deyo & Grice. Fred Knllt is tmvlng a tlno store build ing constructed at Stnnton. Mrs, Drown Your neighbor may be cured by Dr. Sawyer's Pastilles, but you will never know how much good they will do you until you try them, Deyo itGrloe Miss Sorven has oponod n now mlllln ory etoro at Ansloy, Hi. Ploasant, safe, harmless, invigorating, restoring, bottling and curative, la what ladles will find Dr. Sawyer's Pastilles are. Try a samplo package. Doyo & Orlos. '. Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder A Pure drat Creaat el Tartar Powder. Neb., Friday, May 11, WEATHER JiULLKTlN PROGNOSTICATIONS OF WEATHER. Prepared nnd PimtUlictl for Hpeelal Publication In tho Hod Cloud Oliler by W, 1. Pouter. lCpp)rlfilitcd In 1301 by w. T. Foster. St. Joseph, Mo, May 11th. My last bulletin gave forecasts of tho storm waves to oross the continent from May 15th to 19th, and tho next will roaoh tho Paciiin ooast about the 20th, cross tho wostorn mountains by closo 21st, the great contrul valleys from 22J to 21th, and tho eastern states about tho 25th. Tho warm wave will crops the west ern mountains about the 20th, tho great contral valleys about tho 22d and tho eastern states about 2Itb. The cool wave will cross the western mountains about the 23d, tho great central valleys about the 25th, and tho eastern states about tho 27th, Good rains will fall from this dis turbance in large portions of thoso countries that arc less than 1000 feet abovo sea level. MATTJR AND ELECTMOITY. Guthrie, a standard authority en electricity, and especially on experi ments with magnetism and electricity, says: "Thcro seems to bo a greater at tachment between matter and plus olcctrioity, than between matter and minus electricity, and although we may suppose an equal motion of the oleetrioiticH in tho discharge, yot the plus electricity is accompanied by matter, both that of tho surrounding air and the solid of which the plusly charged body is composed. Tho abovo argues that bodies of matter are organized or formed by atoms of matter falling into bodies of elcetrioity, whioh later would bo plus electricity by tho two-fluid theorists whilo the ono fluid theorists would call it tho plus, or largor, .r that whioh contains more olectrioity to tho oubio inob than docs other cubic in ohos surrounding it. If wo carry out this idea to its legitimate results wo find how worlds aro mado, how all bodies of matter aro organized. Tho tendenoy of all bodies of mat ter is to assume a round, globular or spherical ahape. Evidences aro in the direction that electricity, is in clined to assume tho same form. If there was no electricity, especially if thcro were no clcotrospheres, there could be no accumulations of con densed matter. In ene sense an elcctrosphere is a body similar to a body of wator as found in tho ocean. Tho latter is net a running stream, but thcro are groat rivers running through it, tho gulf stream for iustaico. So with the comparatively quiet atmosphere sur rounding tlio earth in which thcro are constant ourronts, down-pours from &paco through tho highs and up-pours through tho lows. Elcotrosphcrcs havo similar currents passing through them, and thcie currents carry the atoms of matter and depeait them at tho center of the clcotrosphoro, lay ing the foundations of an earth, a moon, a eomot or a sun, It is well known that electricity keeps on tho outsido of matter, or at least a very large portion is found on tho outsido of bodicB of matter; there fore, in tho formrtion of worlds, whon tho first atom has found its way to tho eenter of an elcotrosphero, the lat ter auBt havo expanded or moved out in ordor to give bpaco for tho atom. iwo tnings uannot occupy tlio samo spaco at tho same time, and this law must apply to electricity as well as to matter, Theso laws may bo applied to tho weather in this way; Tho low barome ter is caused by u body of what it the Price of The Chief. 1894. hero called plus eleotriclty, and into that body, from all points of tho com pas?, matter falls, rushing toward the center of it, forming a storm centor, with clouds, more or less dense, com posed of water and gasscs. Tho elcctrosphere that forms that storm center is to the moisturo and gasscs what water is to cork, and the former immediately riso on entering it, causing tho upward and circular movements of tho storm eenter. Aa the clouds of transparent miostuto en ter the bottom of the low or storm center electrical currents, stripped of their gross maltor, go out at. tlio top, leaving tho gross mattor in tho form of clouds, in the low, where thoy ovcnlually fall to tho earth in the form of rain or snow. Tho elcotrio curronts out in spaco bring togcthor not only moisture and gasscs but mero solid atoms of matter, and thus all the suns, planets, worlds, comets, moonB, aro buildcd. Thcro can be no question as lo the powor of cleotrioity to movo the at mosphere, gasses or other atoms. Tako a pointed metal instrument which is eonncuted with an electrified body, plaoe tho point of the instru ment noar a lighted candle and the flames will bo blown away from the instrument. This shows that the electrical force whioh cemes through the wire moves tho atmosphere, oauBes wind, and It is one of the evidences that the eleotrlcity oauses all winds, and is the destructive force of the tornado. Guaranteed Cure. Wo authorize our advertised draggtst to soil Dr. King's New Discovery for Con sumption, Coughs and Colds, upon this condition. If you are aillioted with a Cough, Cold or any Lung, Throat or Chest troublo, and will ubo this remedy as direct od, giving It a fair trial, and experience no boneilt, you may return the bottle and have your money refunded. We oould not make this offer did we not know that Dr. King's New Discovery oonld be rolled on. It never disappoints. Trial bottles free at C. L. Cotting'a Drugstore. Large size 60o. and $1.0. Don't Breed too many Marcs. There are at the present time too many horses on the farms of Kansas for them to be a souroe of profit to thoir breoJers. However, if you have one or two good marcs of fair lice, say from 1000 to 1200, of good eolor, toppy and fairly well-gaited, of good disposition and sound, begin at onee to look around for a stallion of equal morlt. Consider Grst his general mako-up, culur, size, shapo and size of bone, disposition, tempermont, the mildness of his eyo, etc, and if you aro suited in all of thoso things, look next to his breeding and that of his ancestors, Sco that he is in line with tho fashionable familios, thoso whoso representatives are selling for remun erative prioos. Select one whoso family has always been, and is still a producer of morit. If you find ono near at hand that moots tho abovo re quirements, ono that comes directly from tho greatost breeding-oo aires in tho world, improve your opportunity and don't fritter away timo and money getting a lot of stuff on your hands from plugs and half breeds, or farm a horso whose family baa chanced to pro duoo a single performer of morit. hop ing for another aooident of tho kind and thus over-stock your from with half-fed, half-starved animals, having nothing of merit to put on themarket, and all the whilo ory that tho horso market has gone to pordition. It is a well-known fact that the beBt sollors on tho market at tho prcBont timo aro good, toppy drivers of 1000 ftl i fv to isuu weigut. Heavier norses are --ww w0.... ........ -v..,. -"MmuBTfDMM not sought for. There are several JL. Getting. Vol.21. No. 42 m. rnwnen m Jfbsofutely Fure A cream of tartar baking powder. Highest of all in leavening strength Latest Unitod States Government Food Roport. Royal Baking Powder Cm, ! Wall St., N. Y. reaions for this, one of the strongest of whioh is that the southern states, whieb aro our boat markets, have gen erally a light soil to cultivate and de not care for large, clumsy hones. Tho lighter horso is also moat in de mand in the cities, probably twenty te one. lbs oastern people, too. always prefer the all-purpose horse, the peo ple of the northwest and central states alone choesing the larger horses, those adapted to agricultural purposes only. It is safe to say, taking the nation as a whole, that for every single instance where a heavy hen is demanded, where a light one will not answer, there are forty where the light horses are wanted and used. Hence, our conclusion that while the farmer oannot afford to fool with trot ing hers'es as trotting horses only, he can and should, as he is breeding for profit, raiso the kind that sells the best, and tho beat sellers of to-day aro the moat fashionable of the trotting horses of Amerioa. Not only are they the best sellers of tho present, bat they will be in demand for all time to come. Now as to the word fashionable That means what is in favor at the present time, not something of the past, and tbo most fashionable is that which always has been, and still is, ia fashion. Conspieuous among the fashionable families are the great Hambeltonian strains; first thretgh the Wilkes tribe; next the Almonte; after these tho Belmonts, Natwoods, McGregors, Electioneers, Kentucky Princes, etc, etc Now if you oan find a good type of tho first named family, within easy reaob, and have something his equal in make-up, breed to him, Feed the dam from that day forward until her oolt comes and is weaned, foed and shelter the foal un til you have sold it, and yon need havo no fear that tho price will not be satisfactory. But bo sure to get rid of your plugs at any price for they will novor be worth anything; the daj for plug horses is past. Western Rcsourocs. How's Tills! We offer one hundred dollar reward foe oay case of Catarrh that cannot be enre by Hull's Catarrh Cure. E. J. CflBNUY k CO., Toledo. O. We, the undersigned have known V. J, Cheney for the last 15 years, and believer him ptrfeotly honorable in all basinets transactions and financially able to carry oat any obligations made by their firm. West it. Trnax, Wholesale Druggists, Tele do, O. Walding & Marvin, Wholesale Drog.lsts, Toledo, O. Hall's Catarrh Care is taken internally, aotlng directly upon the blood aadaneomt surfaces ef the system. Testimonials sent free. Fries 76o. per bottle. Sold by all Drogglsu, , v mi. n, mimiu moo Duwnw ni,uraar.x'y llrm of Wilson &. Tormoy, at OakdeWl' h mg$k? Fare blood means good health! , v inforo it with DeWitt'a SartaperlUa. ItV,? purifiea the blood, earsa Empties, ma, Scrofula and all diseases arising ti impure blood, it reosanie4a MseM. It i K Ji h fe i A 4 VI I r-j ii il I l M n i J' ' '3'! . Y .-. . -ftlr.7.'- . v .".-jT t MmjwrWKi. ''mn$immmm acttiviMtmtii $3fp&ti. aE&&L& : ..:-VJJgOJB'a3T--y.w.jfw.. ,y,..