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_1 TRUE DEMOCRAT.
~~——————-— — ■ ~— ■ ... —_________________________________ - _ . _ . _ Ptetii to Iwiocracji, Jforeip mil Domestic fetes, internal |mpr»bimeiits, literature, Agntnlinre, Commerce, iteration, Science, eirE _LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 6, 1854. ” NO.lt. Received by late Arrivals, nA BOXES Star Candles, 15 boxes Palm Soap, 25 O'J kegs White Lead, barrels and half barrels Lard Oil. barrels and half barrels Linseed Oil, butter and water Crackers, sugar cured Hams and side Bacon, 1 n pieces of Bagging, 100 coils Roap, 10 coils cotton Rope. 30 bags Rio coffee, 5 bags Moco do. 2.000 lbs cot urn Yarn, 100 sacks tine Salt,00 kegs Nails, 8 tons Iron, assorted, including slab, diamond and shovel plow molds, east. German and American Steel; 3 dozen Wash Boards, 10 doz. Brooms, 20 boxes Tobacco; Rice, Candies. 100 barrels and half barrels Whisky, Cogni Brandy, Malaga Wine, Cherry Brandy', Holland Gin, Sparkling Catawba Wine. 4 barrels Hominy, 10 h< ixes < 'hcese, 10 barrels and half barrels white Beans 5 barrels crushed Sugar, 15 doz. painted Buckets, 2 doz. Grindstones, 2 doz. wash Tubs, 20 eases canister Powder, 1,000 lbs. bar Lead, 20 boxes 10 by 12 win dow Glass, etc., etc. TUCKER <fe ROSS. May 9. PUBLIC NOTICE. ~ General Land Office, April 5, 1S54. WHEREAS, by an act of Congress approved March 27. 1854, entitled ‘‘an act for the re lief of settlers on lands reserved for railroad purpo ses,” every settler on public lands‘‘which have been or may he withdrawn from market in consequence of promised railroads, and who hud nettled thereon prior to n<hh withdrawal, shall be entitled to pre-emption at the onlin ary minimum, to the lands settled on and cultivated by them: Provided, they shall prove up their rights according to such rules and regulations as mav be prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior, and pay for the same before the day that may be fix ed by the President’s proclamation for the restoration of said lands to market;” public notice is hereby given. by direction of the Secretary of the Interior, that all such settlers will be entitled to the right of pre-emption given by the said act, upon furnishing l jmoK satisfactory to the district office,) that the set tlement on which the claim is predicated, is of a cha racter to entitle the settler to a right of pre-emption, ' under the provisions of the act of 4th September, Wl. and was made hv such settler, prior to the " withdrawal” of the land for the purpose stated, no " declaration,” of course, being necessary under the circumstances: Prodded, payment be made for the same. •• before the day that may l>e fixed by the Pre sident’s proclamation tor the restoration of "said lands to market.” JOHN WILSON. Oonminnpiur. i May 13. 1854 5t S. JOHNSON, "JVTEXT door to the Auction Mart. Main street. Lit- ! _1_N tie Rook, would inform his friends and the citi- j zen> generally, that he has opened a CONFECTION- ' FRY and BAKERY, on Main street, next door to the , Auction Mart, where can 1x3 had fresh Bread every ! evening. He has also fitted up a splendid Soda Fount, v ii.-re those wishing a cool dnnk can be accommodate j ed. _ May 0. 1554. F A >111,Y M ROC MR I MS. !?-* I Rlt K LEE. Elm street, near the steamboat :: naing. keeps constantly on hand, and for sale < oftec. brown and j uluerized Sugar. Molasses. * ogmae Brandy, old copper distilled Whiskv, Claret Winr. Soap. Lemon Syrup, Segars. Young America and other kinds of Tobacco, Star Candles, Cadies, as d: Herrings, Rice. Gin. black and green Teas, etc., etc. May 9, 1854. 6m <iROC BRIMS! <; ROC MRlESi! ^A* KS Coifee; 200 sacks coarse Salt: 50 fine do; 150 barrels Sugar; 5 “ ‘* choice brown for family use; * ’■ *“ crushed: 2 " “ Havana; 3 u Loaf; 2 tierces Rice; 2 boxes superfine Tea; ! "■> half barrels Molasses: 75 bids do. And for sale low by A. J. HUTT. M jy 8. Hats! Hats!! 4) DOZ. fashionable Silk Hats; 1 doz. do. feather ^ edge: 1 doz. Moleskin; 1 doz. fashionable white < assimere; z doz. Kossuth Hats: 2 doz. Magyar; 3 doz. * ampcuohy; 3 doz. Sissel; 12 doz. Palm Leaf; 1 doz. Cuban; 1 doz. Citizens, assorted; 6 doz. Wool, mens' and 5 doz. boys’; 1 doz. Creole, assorted. Just received and for sale bv A. J. HUTT. Mav9. Hoots and Shoes. 1 »)A prs Worn's goat, heeled Boots, 1 Cj'j 120 prs kid. R. R. lace od prs Lasting Gaiters, line article, 12 Kid 12 " Boots. 12 " Buskins, 12 *• Victoria Ties. -4 Misses Goat Jenny Lind Boots. 1 z Broze B-uskins. Lot ..f childrens’ fancy Shoe's. 360 prs mens’light kip }«3g Brogans 120 prs Creole do. do.. 480 prs Russett*. »>0 j»r< bov.-' black Brogans. 60 prs Russett. .i nst received and for sale low by May 9. * A. J. HUTT. Hardware! Hardware!! TillTorulersigned has just received a large md well selected stock of Hardware: " 1 doz. Scythes and Brailles complete; "Zeii Grail “-Scythes; 2 doz. Grass do; - •• Brief *• 1 “ Reap Hooks; Pocket Knives, a large assortment; Kni ves and Forks, “ Files, all kinds aiul sizes; Screws, every variety and size: field. Grub and Garden Hoes, steel and differ ent sizes; Saws, crosscut, mill, whip and band; Axes, broad, chop and hand; Locks, a variety of all kinds; Shovels, Ames' long and short handle; " common “ Spades, Ames’ and common; Chains, log. fifth and trace; Burn Mills, assorted sizes; Nails, all sizes: Rope, cotton, grass and hemp, all sizes; Plow Lines, “ *. “ And a variety of other articles usually found in this line- A. J. HUTT. May 9 liar Iron and Cut Nails. 1 0 ^ar lron nssd. sizes; 1 Uylvu lnsu jbs. Plough Slabs; 75 kegs Nails ass'd.; 5 kegs Cut Spikes; Received and for salebv May 9. RAPLEY. HANGER, <fe CO. Rt'O’d by the Forest Rose, \ Splendid lot ot Ladies and Misses Boots, Shoes - and Baiters, all ot which 1 will sell low for cash. May 9._WILLIAM GILL. Wanted, THREE first rate Boot Makers will get constant em ployment and the highest wages paid in the South; none need apply unless first rate workmen. May 9. WILLIAM GILL. MARBLE YARD. V rpiIE subscriber lias purchases the Mar ] _L blf* Yard on Markham street, ad ‘ joining the Presbyterian church; and is prepared to make marble tombs, tomb slabs, grave stones, and marble_work of & everv description. J. TUXNAI1. £, April 11 ’54 ly* Eagle Gin Stands. r EH E undersigned, agents for Messrs. Bates, Hyde, X <fc Co., (manufacturersof the celebrated Eagle Gin Stands at Bridgewater. Mass..) have on hand a supply of the above Gin Stands of fifty find sixty saws, with the necessary banding—and are now prepared to fur nish planters with Gin Stands of this make of any number of saws required, upon terms us liberal as they can be purchased elsewhere. RAPLEY, HANGER, & CO. Little Rook, May 9,1854. SADDLERY! SADDLERY!! JUST received by the undersigned, a large find well selected stock of saddlery, comprising Mens’ Middles in great variety; Womens’ “ “ “ Bridles, martingales, saddle bags, surcingles, and everything in this Tine usually found in stores in this place. Purchasers would do well to give him a call hafore purchasing elsewhere, for he is determined to sell cheap and at one price. A. J. HUTT. May 9 ’54 Blacksmith Tools. THE undersigned has now in store a fine — assortment of blacksmith tools, among which will be found the following: 6 best Nashville bellows, assorted sizes; 8 Eastern “ « « 8 best mouse hole Anvils; -3 •• Screw Plates; 3 “ Stock and Die; 7 “ Colton Key Vice; 13 Hand Hummers assorted; •5 Sledge “ i* vVln- h are offered very low. Call and examine before purchasing. A. j, IIUTT. May 9. THE TRUE DEMOCRAT IS PUBLISHED EVERY TUESDAY MORNING BY JOHNSON & YERKES. Terms of Subscription. For one copy, one year, in advance.$ 2 00 In six months ... o 5q At the expiration of the year.3 KBffi iiTaamaa®. Transient advertisements will be inserted forOlper square, (ten lines or less,) for the first insertion and 50 cents for each subsequent insertion. Merchants advertising by the year will be charged $30. Professional cards and other advertisements, not exceeding one square, $10 per annum. job Work. Our facilities for doing all descriptions of Job Work can not be surpassed by any printing establishment in the country. We have procured, at a cost of over sixteen hundred dol lars, one of Isaac Adams’mammoth printing machines, which enables us to do book and pamphlet work in a superior style and at very low prices. Agents for the True Democrat ^ . B. PALMER, the American Newspaper Agent, is the authorized Agent for this paper in die cities of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, and is duly empowered to take advertisements and subscriptions at the rates required by us. iis Offices are— Tribune Build - • •• ■—»«..•». sim J anil Chesnut streets. W H. MCDONALD, New York city. L. COHEN, Philadelphia, Pa. E. W. CARR, _ . ^ w ARKANSAS. OARLEN SILVEY, Jack sun county. A. J. HAYfc1, Ashley county; D. VV . JEFFREY, Mount Olive, Izard county. , PHILLIPS, V\ ashinjton, Hempstead countv; J. T. MILEH AM, Franklin county; ^m- M. BOVVERS, F'ayetteville; G1UEON Tl CKER, Baiesville, Independence county; JOHN A. LINDSAY, Powhattan; F.LIHL RANDOLPH, Desha county; JOHN M. MITCH EL, Gainsville, Green county; VV.M. R. CAIN, Pocahontas, Randolph county:' LEWIS SUTFIN, Boliver, Poinsett county; ROOF II. HOWELL, Dover, Pope county; J. S. JORDAN, Monticello, Drew county; rilO’S RIGGS, Postmaster ai Richwoods, Izard county; WVI. M. VAN VALKENBLRGH, Warren, Bradley co; GREEN R. JONES, Esq., Smithville, Lawrence county; L. B. VENABLE, Van Buren county; JOHN HAVIS, Bradley county; C. 11. JACKSON, Mount Penson, Jackson county; W M. A. CRAWFORD, Saline county; J. W. McCONALGHEY, Searcy, White county; A. J. BROOKS, Bloomer, Sebastian county; J AMES AI. MONTGOMERY', Lewisville, Lafayettecn; Capt. VV. LANDERS, Sulphur Rock, Independence co; J. W . \\ ILDER, traveling agent to solicit sub criptious; VV. B. YOUNG, Dover, Pope county; THOM’S F. AUSTIN, Yellville, Vlarion county; J. W. BERNARD, Norrostoua, Pope county; JA:S R. BERRY, P. AL, Huntsville, Madison eounjy: JA’S N. JOHNSON, P. M., Friendship, Saline county ; C. L. SWEET, Svveetville, Crittenden county; THO’S MILLS, Polk county; JOHN W. FULLERTON, Hot Springs; ROB’T ATKINSON, Leek’s Store, Ouachita county; Dr. L. L. MARTIN, Long View, Ashley county; N. L. BAKER, Fulton county; JACOB PATE, p. m., Pleasant Plains, Independence 10. R. N. CARGILE, Con way county. THE TRUE DEMOCRAT. Reduction of Subscription Price— The Cheapest Paper now in the State. Having enlarged our subscription list to such an extent that we can altbrd to supply our sub scribers with the True Demotrat at cheaper rates, we shall reduce our advance price, for the future, to the sum of two dollars. The rates of subscription will be as follows: In advance.^.2 00 At the end of six months. 2 50 At the end of the year. 3 00 In making this reduction in our terms, we are actuated by a desire to extend far and wide the circulation of our paper. In reducing the advance price to the moderate sum of two dol lars, we place it in the power of every citizen in the State to become a subscriber. Though our subscription list already far ex ceeds that of any other paper in Arkansas, it is still not so great as we desire and intend it shall be. The success we have met with in the last eighteen months, having in that time nearly dou bled the number of our subscribers, lias been en couraging. We hope that our friends, who have heretofore, so generously interested them selves in extending the circulation of the True Democrat, will continue their exertions. With the reduced price, we trust many hundreds of new .subscribers will be obtained for us. All post masters are authorized to receive subscription money fur us and forward it at our risk. The 10,000,000 Land-bill Veto. The veto by President Pierce of the bill lately passed to appropriate 10,000,000 acres of the public lands to the States for the benefit of indigent insane persons, is a document two and a half colums in length, and is a well-written production. The veto message had not, at last advices, been disposed ot in the Senate, from whence the bill emanated, but the Washington Star has expressed the opinion that it will not go through, over the veto. There were fifteen ab sentees when the bill passed that body, a large majority of whom are understood to be its op ponents. We have heard a whig Senator and more than one whig member of the other House, all of whom voted for the bill, declare their approval of the President’s action, most em phatically; on the ground that his reasons for refusing his signature have satisfied them that he is right and they were wrong upon it. These gentlemen come from North and South. Now, the existence ol such opinions among the ori ginal supporters of the measure will tell, of course, in both Houses whenever it may again be voted on. We consider this vote the death of each and every scheme for the use of the public domain, in any manner not designing to make the most of it for the treasury of the United States. The number of persons, idiots and insane, which the bill in question proposed to benefit, is set down in the census tables at 31,494 in all, scattered through all the States and territories. Ot this number 29,229 are white and 2,265 are colored people. How many of them are indi gent and without the means of support, no facts are disclosed. In Massachusetts, with a popu lation of 994,000, the insane and idiotic num bered 2,471, while in Georgia, with a popula tion ot 906,000, they numbered only 988!— Like contrasts will be observed as between others of the Northern and Southern States.—Cin. Enquirer. A Portrait of Sir Charles Napier.—An English paper uses a rather free pencil in the following sketch: A farmer-looking man, with a fat face, thick lips, and a tremendous nose covered with snuff; large ears, like two flaps of a saddle, and, like “ Uncle Ned” in lyric history, with no wool to speak of on the top of his head, although his phrenological developments display an exten sive surface where the wool ought to grow; the head placed on the body of a stunted aider man, whose clothes appear to have been pitch forked on his back, with one shirt collar up and the other down, his waistcoat buttoned awry, and his shirt front smeared with snuff—and you have the portrait of Sir Charles Napier. The Arrest of Aaron Burr in Alabama. It^ became evident early in the summer of 1806, that Burr had some designs on loot; and the silence and secrecy which attended all of his movements failed not to excite the suspi cions of the government, through their secret agents. President Jefferson, in his special mes sage of January 23,1807, says that he had two distinct objects in view, “ one of these the sever ance of the union of the States by the Alle ghany mountains; the other an attack on Mexi co;” a third object was provided merely ostensi ble, to wit: the settlement of a pretended pur chase of a tract of country on the Washita, claimed by a Barou Bastross. In the latter part of the year 1806, a party of Kentuckians, induced by the proclamation of President Jefferson, arrested Burr, and brought him to trial. Henry Clay, whom Burr had previously and frequently met, appeared as his counsel, and he was acquitted upon the ground of insufficiency of evidence to convict. Thus released, he continued down the Mississippi with a few boats and men; but just above Na tchez he was again arrested by Colonel Clai borne, at the instance of the Governor of Mis sissippi. Again a prisoner of the United States, public sympathy in that section was strongly excited, and he found no difficulty in giving the necessary bond for his appearance at court.— When brought before court, he denied that his offence came within the jurisdiction of Missis sippi. The Attorney-General took sides with him, and insisted that he should be released from ! his bail and sent to a competent tribunal. The ; Judges, however, refusing to grant theapplica ; tion for discharge, it was ascertained at the ! opening of the court the prisoner had departed. ! Officers were at once dispatched in pursuit, and large rewards offered for his apprehension.— And this brings us to the circumstances of his ; arrest m Alabama. About a month after his failure to appear at court, Burr found himself, with one compun i ion, in the vicinity of the village of Wakefield, | Washington county, Ala. Fearful of detection he entered the town, under cover of the night, with the determination of passing through and gaining, if possible, the house of Col. iiinsou, a gentleman whom he had met at Natchez, and who had invited him to his house. Biding up ; to the door of a cabin, Burr inquiren of two i young men, seated within, first for the tavern and then for directions to Col. Hinson’s. Per kins, one of the young men. replied that it was several miles to Hinson’s, that the way was dif ficult to find, and that dangerous creeks inter vened. The travelers thanked them for their information and rode ofii As they passed the door the light shone fully upon the face of the elder gentleman. Perkins was a close observer; | and the richly caparisoned horse, the fine sad dle and holsters, the noble and dignified mien of the stranger, observable despite his coarse dress, and the bright sparklingeve, which Hashed from beneath his slouched hat, seemed to thrust con viction upon him, and he at once exclaimed, “that's Aaron Burr!” Saiisried as to the correctness of his conclu sion, Perkins at once sought Brightwell, the sheriff; and in a very short time the two were following closely upon the tracks of the travel el's. Arriving at Col. Hinson’s, Burr found that his friend was absent; and his request for a night’s entertainment was tacitly refused—pro bably through fear; by Mrs. Hinson, who quietly closed the window in reply. Making their way to the kitchen, they seated themselves by the fire, intending to pass the night there; but the sheriff who was a relation of Mrs. Hinson, ap pearing soon after, she hastily prepared supper for them. During supper, Burr charmed the hostess with his elegant conversation, though evidently disconcerted by the keen glances of the sheriff who remained in the room. As the former left the table before the others, Mrs. Hinson, at the instance of the sheriff turned to the traveler and said, “ have I not the pleasure of entertaining Col. Burr in the gentleman who has just walked out?” Much confused, lie 1 made no answer, but, rising, walked off. Bright - ; well was now satisfied that it was really Burr, hut the fascinating address of the latter hail 1 won his heart, and he did not return to Perkins, whom he had left shivering with cold in the adjoining woods. Perkins, in the meantime, becoming impa tient, and still believing he was right, made his way, in haste, to Fort Stoddard and reported to Capt. E. P. Gaines. A file of soldiers was at once put in motion under the command of ; Capt. Gaines. Directed by Perkins, the party i met Burr and his companion about, 9 o’clock in the morning, when the following conversa tion ensued: Gaines.—f presume, sir. I have the honor of addressing Col. Burr? Stranger.—I am a traveler in the country, and do not recognize your right to ask such a | question. Gaines.—I arrest you at the instance of the federal government. Stranger.—By what authority do you arrest a traveler, on the highway, on his private busi ! ness? Gaines.—I am an officer of the army. I hold ! in my hands the proclamations of the President . and Governor, directing your arrest. Stranger.—You are a young man, and many i not he aware of the responsibilities which result from arresting travelers. Gaines.—I am aware of the responsibilities, but 1 know my duty. Burr still persisted in denouncing the arrest ' unjust and unwarranted, and attempted to frighten Gaines from the discharge of his duty, 1 but the latter sternly replied, “ you are my pri soner, sir, and you must accompany me to Fort I Stoddard.” Finding resistance of no avail, Burr yielded, and soon found himself a priso ner in Fort Stoddard. During his stay in the Fort, his kind atten | tions to George S. Gaines, (brother of the Cap tain) whom he found dangerously ill—his gen tlemanly deportment and agreeable address to words all, made him many friends. He spent much of the time in the company of the ac complished Mrs. Gaines, who enjoyed much of his brilliant conversation. That ladv sympa thised deeply with the unhappy position of Burr, and in common with the other ladies of the tort shed tears when she saw him depart i for Washington, guarded by a file of soldiers. The escort was placed under the command ! of Perkins, at whose instance Burr had been arrested. W ith a party of ten men, Perkins set out upon his arduous journey, his route lying up the Alabama river to the present city of i Montgomery, thence^ north-eastward, through Georgia, South and North Carolina in to Virginia. We do not propose following the party through their many adventures—at one time winding their way through an almost impenetra ble forest, at mother swimming swollen streams —riding day by day. wet to the skin by the driving, pelting rain, and lying at night upon piles of knots and chunks to keep above the water which covered the swamps—continually alarmed by the bowlings of wolves and other wild beasts—and their paths invested by bands of savages not less ferocious, etc., etc. Through all these and similar trials, Perkins led his prisoner safely; and strange to say, dur ing the whole route no word of complaint es i caped the lips of the latter. Amid all these adversities, in which the powers of nature as well as of man seemed conspiring to crush him, his spirit sunk not. Truly, his situation was | one to depress an ordinary spirit. There was he, who had been alike distinguished in the | field and the cabinet—w-ho had enjoyed the highest favors of a country whose institutions still bear the impress of his genius—there was he, reposing beneath a rude tent in the wilds of Alabama, a prisoner of the United States, sur rounded by a group of soldiers whose only bu siness was to watch him, and without one friend, one congenial spirit, to console and be friend. Apart from this, his wife had lately died, his only child was afar oft; ignorant, per haps, ot his sad condition; his professional affairs disarranged, and he himself ostracized by that State with whose history his name was indisso lubly connected — and brauded wherever he went as ‘-murderer” and “traitor.” Yet did Aaron Burr rise superior to his fallen fortunes and during the whole journey bestrode his horse with a dignity of mien not unbecoming the position he had lately filled, while his keen eye flashed with the light of conscious superiori ty upon the rude guard which adverse circum stances had placed over him. While there was much of the suaviter in mo do in Burr’s address, there was a dignity of man ner about him, which never failed to rebuke the otticiousand idly curious. Just after passing the Oconee river, the party passed the night for the first time under the roof of a house. Be vin, the landlord, was quite officious, and his loquacity soon brought upon him a merited re i buke. Unacquainted with the persons or the ; objects of the party, he yet discovered that they were from the West, aud began asking many questions touching “Burr’s conspiracy:” asked if he had not been arrested, and made many sneering remarks upon his present fallen condi tion. Perkins and his companions, much em barrassed, tried to change the subject, and elude his inquiries by seeming inattention; but he still persisted when Burr, rising up to his full height | and fixing upon the landlord his flashing eye, said, “I am Aaron Burr! what is it you want with me?” Bovin, as if thunderstruck, fairly crouched beneath the withering glance; and dur ing the remainder of their stay could hardly ! summon courage to ask their commands though i most obsequious in his attention. As the party drew near to the confines of | South Carolina, Perkins caused his prisoner to be more carefully guarded. Col. Alston, who had married Burr’s only child, resided in this State, and Perkins feared lest some attempt at I a rescue should be made. Burr also evidently had some hopes of such an event, and was pre pared at any time to take advantage of it—as was proved by an incident which we take from i Mr. Pickett. In passing through the county town of Chester district, the party passed near a tavern, before which a crowd of men were assembled. Seeing the collection of men so near him, Burr threw himself from the horse and ex claimed, in a loud voice, “I am Aaron Burr, under military arrest, and claim the protection | of the civil authorities!” Perkins and several ot his companions at once dismounted, and the i former ordered the prisoner to remount. Burr, in a most definant manner, said, “ I will not!” ; Being unwilling to shoot him, Perkins threw down his pistols—both of which he held in his hands—and seizing Burr around the waist,threw j him into his saddle. Thomas Malone caught the reins of the horse, slipped them over his I head, and led the animal rapidly on. The as 1 tonished citizens saw a party enter their village i with a prisoner, heard him appeal to them for I protection in the most audible and imploring manner, saw armed men immediately surround ing him and thrust him into the saddle, and then the whole party vanish from their presence before they could recover from their confusion. Soon after this incident, Perkins obtained a gig, and in this Burr passed, without further adventure, the remainder of his journey to Fredericksburg, where dispatches from the* Pre sident caused Perkins to take the prisoner to Richmond. Here he was arraigned and tried, first for high treason, then for misdemeanor, on both of which charges he was acquitted. The gravest charge proved against Burr was that he had written” a letter in cypher, avowing his design of seizing Baton Rouge as a preliminary measure, and then extending his conquests to the Spanish pro vinces. But this, be it remembered, was proved upon the evidence of Gen. Wilkinson, whose own skirts were not entirely free in this case. We do not wish to be regarded as an advocate or an admirer of Aaron Burr. While we re spect his genius, we find in his much private char acter to contemn. But we must believe that the severe censure which public opinion heaped upon him, was, to say the least, over hasty; and has thrown too much odium upon his once fair name. Tftere is some truth in the savings of a great man that “Republics, at best,"are un grateful.” “ The evil that men do” is too apt “ to live after them,” while “ the good is (too) j often interred with their bones.” In contem plating the “traitor,” and the destroyer of Ha milton, we have forgotten the man of distin ' guished talents and abilities—the legislator, who has left upon the raws of our Empire State, the | impress of mind, the useful U. S. Senator and the Vice President of our Union. We have I carried his virtues with his vices and consigned him to eternal obloquy. This historian’s motto I should rather be, “ Fiat justiiia, ccelum ruat.” ihe conclusions of Mr. Pickett, as the causes of Burr’s great unpopularity, seem to us quite just and impartial, we thefore close this article with an extract from his interesting work: “One of the great secrets of his political mis fortunes lay in the malevolence of politicians and fanatics. Solnebody heard General Wash ington say “Burrwas adangerous man;” there fore the world set him down as “ a dangerous man.” He killed Hamilton in a duel because Hamilton abused him; thereupon the world said he was “a murderer.” He was a formidable rival of Jefferson’s for the Presidency; there upon the majority of the republican party said he was “ a political scoundrel.” He had op posed the federal party; for that reason the fe ! deral party hated him with exceeding bitterness. A blundering, extravagant man, named Her man Blannerhsett, sought Burr while he was in the West, eagerly enlisted in his schemes, and invited him to his house; thereupon Wm. Wirt said, in his prosecuting speech, that Burr was the serpent who entered the garden of Eden.— Georgia University Magazine. Damages Paid by Railroad Com panies. All our readers recollect the shocking acci dent which occurred on the New York and New Haven railroad, at Norwalk, about a year ago, on account of the draw bridge at that place be ing left open, by which a train of passenger cars was precipitated into the river, killing and drawning some sixty persons. The accident has already cost the company, as we learn from a statement of the officers, two hundred and fiftg thousand dollars, paid to the relatives of those killed and injured, and fifty thousand more remains to be paid. We should think be ing mulcted in such damages as this would teach railroad companies that more caution in the management of their trains is necessary.—Cm. Enquirer. Louis Napoleon and the Sultan De scended from American Ances tors. The past history of the families of Louis Napoleon and the Sultan of Turkey is full of interesting add marvelous incidents; some of which are, probably, not generally known to our readers. These two monarchs, now so cordially united in the struggle to maintain the integrity of the Ottoman empire, are both grandsons of Ameri can ladies. These ladies were born and raised in the same neighborhood, on the island of Mar tinque, one of the West Indies. They were of I rench origin, and companions and intimate friends in childhood and vouth. They were Josephine de Tascher and*a Miss S_-_. 1 he history of Josephine is generally known. She went to h ranee, and was married to M. de Beauharnais, by whom she had one son, Eu gene, and a daughter, Hortense. Some time alter the death of Beauharnais, Josephine was married to Napoleon Bonaparte, and became Empress of h ranee. Her daughter, Hortense. was married to Joseph Bonaparte, then King of Holland, and the present Emperor of France is her son by that marriage. Miss S. quitted the island of Martinquesome time before her friend. But the vessel that was carrying her to France was attacked and taken by the Algerine Corsairs, and the crew and pas sengers made prisoners. But this Corsair ship was in turn attacked and pillaged by Tunis pi rates, and Miss S. was carried hy them to Con stantinople, and offered for sale as a slave. Her extraordinary beauty and accomplishments found her a purchaser in the Sultan himself; and she soon became the chief lady of the Se raglio and Sultaness of Turkey. Mahomed II, was her son, and the present Sultan, Abdul Medjid, is the son of Mahomond. 1 hus the two sovereigns who now occupy so large a space in the world’s eye are grandsons ot two American creole girls, who where as re markable for their beauty and excellent dispo- j sition, as lor their varied and singular fortunes. ! Both these women, in the height of their power, remembered all the friends of their youth and provided munificently for their welfare._ Many of the relatives of this Sultaness, left the island of Martinque, and settled at Con stantinople, where their descendants still reside, and enjoy the favor of the Sultan. i he Sultaness died in 1811, the Empress Jo sephine in 1814, and their grandsons now rule ' over two wide and powerful empires; and are ! entering, as friends and allies, upon one of the most momentous and sanguinary struggles in j which Europe was ever involved. in italy! BY BAYARD TAYLOR. “ Hear Lilian, all I wished is won! 1 sit beneath Italia’s sun, \\ here olive orchards gleam and quiver Along the banks ot Arno’s river. 1 hrough laurel leaves the dim green light 1 alls on my lorehead as 1 write; -Hid .he s\\ eet chimes ot vespers ringing, Blend with the contadina's sinirino Rich is the soil with fancy’s gold: The stirring memories of old Rise thronging in mv haunted vision, And wake my spirit’s young ambition. But as the radiant sunsets close Above Val d’Arno’s bowers of rose, My soul forgets the olden glory, And deems our love a dearer storv. Thy words in memory’s ear outchime The music of the Tuscan rhyme; I hou stand’st here—the gentle-hearted— Amid the shades of bards departed! Their garlands of immortal bay 1 see before thee fade away, And turn irorn Petrarch’s passing-glances I o my own dearer heart romances. Sail is the opal glow that fires The midnight of the cypress spires; And the cold scented wind that closes The hearts of bright Etruscan roses. The fair Italian dream 1 chased, A single thought of thee effaced; For the true climes of song and sun Lies in the heart which mine hath won!” A Sad Story. Referring to the executions for desertion at the camp of the Lower California filibusters, the San Francisco Sun says: Arthur Morrison, one of the victims of whom we speak, had a young and fondly-attached wife and a child five years old in Illinois, the place of his birth. He had written to her to come out, and sent her the necessary means to do so; and about two months since this devoted wo man left her home and friends with a heart buoyant with hope to meet the object of her love and fealty. About one month ago she arrived with her child on our shores, and then for the first time learned that her husband had been enticed to join the filibusters. Shejmmediately wrote to him informing him of her arrival, and begging him to come to her and abandon his unjustifia ble enterprise. Morrison received this letter, and instantly set about fulfilling his duties as a man and a citizen, by abandoning the camp of the filibusters and starting for San Fran cisco. But he “counted without his host,” for Mr. AValker immediately dispatched a party in pur suit, which overtook Morrison near San Diego and compelled him to return with them. A second letter from his wife soon after reached him, and the unhappy man determined to leave Lower California and at all 'hazards return to his family, which needed his presence. In order to effect this, Morrison entered into a combination with ten others to desert at the first opportunity. This determination was car ried into execution with as little delay as pos sible; but again the emissaries of Mr. Walker tracked the ill-fated refugee, and, making him a prisoner, returned with him to the camp.— Then a court-martial was held; the self-consti tuted officers sat in judgment over their victim; the forms and ceremonies of a trial were gone through with, according to the most received rules for such cases made and provided; a ver dict of guilty is brought in, sentence of death is unhesitatingly brought in by his superiors, and Morrison is shot like a dog in cold blood for obeying the first laws of God and man, and refusing any longer to do evil. Tongue cannot tell pf language depict the sufferings of that devoted wife and mother, who now stands on our soil homeless, friendless, cheerless, far from the scenes of her birth and the friends of her existence, unknown to all around her, and her helpless orphan dependant on her for support. Mbs. Howatt.—Mrs. Howatt, after retiring from the stage, which will be in the latter part of June, at Boston, will be united in matrimony with Mr. Ritchie. She will then reside in Rich mond, where surrounded by friends and ri(t) ch(i)es, she will pass the remainder of her days in the sweet retirement of private life. From the National Intelligencer. The Whale Killer. Washington, April 27th.—Messrs. Editors:— In Lieut. Maury’s description of the whale, he made some remarks on a fish of the above spe cies called the killer. This fish is described in “Porter’s Journal of a Cruise in the Pacific.” This fish is so well known tosthe old salts of the whaling trade and the Pacific cruisers, that I have always thought it equally well known to the scientific. Having on more than one occasion been an eye-witness of the attacks of this fish on the whale, I will attempt a description of it. The killer is the wolf of the ocean, and hunts in packs, and their tall dorsal fin can be con stantly seen above the water. This fish has always as a companion, but swimming deeper, the sword-fish, and now and then can be seen the shirk. On sighting their prey, which the killer sees at a great distance, the pack gives chase; the unconscious whale is slowly moving near the surface, and occasionally spouting, as it were in sport, jets of water above him. But he suddenly sees the “ sea-wolf ” near him.— Instinct at once teaches him that on the sur face he cannot be safe, and, taking a long breath, he flukes; that is, dives. But there has been another enemy watching him from the depths below, the “sword-fish,” which now darts at him with the velocity of lightning, and perforates the whale beneath with his long and spear-like nose. This sends him at once to the sruface; here he again meets with his enemy, the “killer;” but as yet they are afraid to approach him. The whale now begins to see the extent of his danger, and for a time merely lashes the water with his pon derous fluke. He soon tires of this, and re mains ior a snort time at rest; the pack now approach him, and he seeks safety in flight.— But what can he do? The poor whale has a hump on his back and steers unsteadily, while the killer’s tall and stiff'fin steadies him on his course. Nearer and nearer approaches the pack to their victim; again he takes a long breath and dives. The sword-fish has steadily kept him in view; he too has a tall fin and long, slender, propelling tail; and while it is an effort to the whale to increase his speed, it is but play to the sword-fish’ which again darts and perforates his prey, and sends the wounded whale again to the surface. The race again commences, but this time with diminished speed, the killers having separated to watch the rise of the whale, who, finding his enemies in every direction, courses in a circle, and again makes a third, and sometimes a fourth attempt to escape by diving, but is always met by the terrible pike of the sword-fish. He at last, weak, exhausted, and dispirited, returns to the surface, where he again attempts escape by flight. Streams of blood mark his course; his ene mies still follow steadily after him, while he stops and begins to lash and make the ocean foam around him; but now large streams of his life blood are pouring out, and he is only in creasing his weakness by the exertion, arid mere ly lashing amidst his own groe. Tired, ex hausted, and faint, lie rolls over. The deepred streaks ot blood flowing from large orifices in his w liite belly can now be distinctly seen.— The Hungary pack now near the throath and tear away the skin and fat; he opens his mouth and bellows with pain. rl his is generally the signal for a combined attack. His tounge is seized and torn from his mouth: so are his eyes. The swod-fish now rises to the surface, and his tall spar-like protubance is seen projecting over the body of the whale: the sharks also close in and feed on the fat rejected by the killers. In ibis state the whale makes a few dying struggles. 1 he least now commences and continues until the fat and sufficient flesh is stripped off' to cause the carcase to become too heavy to float on the surface and sinks. The shark is left to en joy his few steaks of fat, while the killer pack, accompanied by the sword-fish rove again on the broad ocean to seek another leviathan of the great deep. W. D. PORTER, r. S. Nary. Dangers of All Night Sessions.—On the night ot the 12th, several gentlemen, (says the Washington Star,) visited the House of Repre sentatives to witness the acts of our legislators on the Nebraska question; and while there one fell asleep, and in that condition, a fellow went up to him and began to remove his watch from his pocket. His friend sitting near by, struck the pickpocket a blow with his fist, and asked him what he was doing. He answered that he wns “ trying to see what time it was,” and was off' before he could be arrested. John Howard.—Punch thinks that the strongest instance on record, of the celebrated John Howard’s benevolence, was the fact of his having, at the age of 25, married a lady of 52. He is universally acknowledged to have been in advance of his age, but few are aware that Mrs. Howard’s age was so much in advance of his. Utterly Amazing. There is now confined in the Ohio peniten tiary an individual of lender age, who never was sentenced by a court, never was before a legal body, never was guilty of a crime, is known to be innocent of all the offences which are pun ishable by human laws, and yet is restrained of liberty? To keep down indignation, probably, j no name is given in the Warden’s report, of the | person thus kept in confinement, but that will ! not avail—humanity, at least, is about to inter | fere, if Wardens, deputies and guards do not; 1 the poor creature, bv legal testimony, can suc | cess fully plead the “baby act”—Cincinnati En j quirer. Cttr* The City of Glasgow has now been out from I Liverpool eightv-one days. The last arrival from Liverpool brings no intelligence of her, nor does an arrival from Fayal, which brings dates fifty-three days later than that of the sailing of the Glasgow, give any tidings of her. There is little ground to hope for her safety, and it is to be presumed that she, with her entire human freights, has, ’mid the roaring storm, been well swalknved up in the awful deep. Jamaica.—We have papers from Kingston to the 27th of April. The cholera is spreading in some of the districts of the island—in the parishes of West Cafe and St. George, at Anotto Bay and elsewhere. There was no other in telligence of importance. The editor of the Jackson (Miss.) True Witness says he “ has not seen a drunken man in Jackson since the Legislature adjourned. The Groans of the Wounded.—The fa natics and anti-Nebraska ultras groan terribly over the recent action of the House of Repre sentatives, favorable to the measure. Hear what the New York Times says on the subject: The passage of the bill is a foregone conclu sion. As usual, the rights, interest and public sentiment of the free States have been treach erously betrayed by some of their own repre sentatives. Executive bribery and party ♦dis cipline have accomplished their object. The debate will probably drag heavily along until Saturday, when the vote will be taken and the | bill passed. A British Aristocrat. Henry William Paget, Marquis of An glesey, whose death was announced in the last news trom England, beside being a great sol dier in his day, was the hero of aboufthe rich est piece of scandal that was ever rolled like a sweet morsel under the tongue of London fa shion. One of our cotemporaries gives some of the facts in brief : The Marquis was divorced from his first wife, who was a daughter of the Earl of Jersey, and he subsequently married the daughter of the Earl of Cadogan. His divorce and re-marriage, and the circum stances attending them, illustrate the manners and morals of the court during the profligate reign of the Regent. Henry Wellesley (afterwards Lord Cowley, and brother to Wellington), had brought an ac tion against him to recover damages for the se duction of his wife. The trial came on, Lord Paget admitted the charge, by declining to offer any defence, and instructed his counsel to take no steps to mitigate the damages, if it could be supposed that any sum a jury might give, would compensate Mr. Wellesslev for the deep wrong he sustained. Damages to the amount of £20, 000 were awarded. Nor was the pecuniary loss all. His own wife sued for and obtained a di vorce from him. Lady Charlotte Wellesley (daughter of the Earl of Cadogan) was divorc ed from her husband and thrown upon Lord Paget, who married her whom he had degrad ed and disgraced. He had to fight a duel with Captain Cadogan, the lady’s brother. Not the least punished was the notoriety. All the “fa shionable” newspapers of London reaped a har vest out of the scan. mag. which transpired, and not only paragraph makers, but Moore and Byron (neither of whom had any excess of mo rality at the time) assumed the part of censors, and put him into the “amber chrystallization” satirical verse. Lord Paget’s marriage with Lady Charlotte took place in 1810, and his own divorced wife was married some time aftea wards, to the Duke of Argyle. Many years later when society had forgotten or forgiven these transactions, the ladies and gentlemen in volved in this intricacy of seduction, divorce and marriage, used actually to meet on terms of friendly acquaintanceship, in the fashionable drawing rooms of London life! Cherry Pectoral.—See in our advertising columns a notice of this medicine. We are not in the habit of saying much in relation to : such medicines as are generally seen going the i rounds of newspapers; but in relation to Ayer’s ; Cherry Pectoral, we feel that we can say some ; thing in its favor with propriety, from the fact that we have tried it. A young man in our i office has also used it, and in both his and our ; own ease it proved most beneficial.—Am. Pres \ bytenrn, Greenville, Ten. I _ M| _ Terrible Calamity—Dreadful Coal Mine Explosion—Nineteen Lives Lost.— lialthuure, Tuesday, May 16,1854.—A tumble explosion occurred at English coal pit, fourteen miles from liichmond, Virginia, yesterday.— Twenty men were in the pit at the time, all of whom were killed but one, who was taken up dreadfully injured. The pit was over 600 feet deep, and several explosions had occurred here tofore. The accident was caused by leaks from old damps. The bodies of the unfortunate men were terribly mutilated. Catholicism in South America. — The Congress of New Grenada has passed a law for bidding any contribution, either by the Central government, provincial or municipal authorities, in support of the church or clergy, thus sepa rating entirely the Church and State, and wirh drawing all official intercourse with the Pope. Consequently, the Pupa’s Nuncio at Bogota has placed the loving subjects of his Holiness under the French Charge d’Aflairs. It is believed all the South American republics will follow the example of New Grenada, and the Bible will supersede the bulls of the Pope. 0^7” Mrs. Partington, on reading an account of a schooner having her jib-boom carried away in Long Island Sound, wondered “why people would leave such things out o' doors, fnights, to be stolen.” 0A man with enormous feet wasmeasur 1 ed for .a pair of boots, and enquired of the man i when he would have them finished? “By Wednesday, if it does not rain,” was the reply. ; “If it does not rain? What has rain to do with the boots?” “ Why do you suppose 1 could build a pair of boots for your feet in the house?” 0Cr“Why did you not pocket some of those pears?” said one boy to another, “ no bo dy was there to see.” “ Yes, there was; I was there to see myself, and I don’t ever mean to see myself do a mean thing.” High Priced Farm.—The “ Barrel Farm,” adjacent to the Insane Asylum in Somerville, near Boston, belonging to the estate of the late Benjamin Joy, and comprising 96 acres, was sold at auction on Tuesday last, for the sum of $71,000. M. E. Conference, South. — This body, which is in session at Columbus, Geo., has, after a protracted debate, unanimeuslv decided to es tablished a southern book concern. Strong Minded Woman.—On the books at Willard’s Hotel, Washington, is the following recent entry: “ Mrs. Lewis—and husband, Buffalo.” A Very Devil. The circumstances attending the murder of a man named East, near Accomac court house, Va., a few days since, by his own step-son yet a minor, show how much of the devil may be mixed up in a human body:— “ Overtaking East, he stabbed him repeatedly behind, till he fell, when the assassin got upon him and literally cut him to pieces, ripping out | the bowels from the breast down, cutting him ' in the breast, laying open his heart an inch 1 or two, and, stabbing and gashing him in a num ber of places. And to cap the climax, after i the blood-thirstv monster had left him, fearing as he says, that he was not dead, he returned, propped up the body against a fence, and cut the throat from ear to ear, the wound extending entirely through the windpipe, and disjointing the neck. He then returned to town and de livered himself up, saving he had been intend ing to do it for a long time.” : A Fighting Editor.—The editor of a diminu tive, country sheet, printed with enormous type, i among the hills of North Western Pennsyl vania, after publishing his full name atthe head of the editorial colum in captials, thus lets oft' the cork of his bottled valor: “We place our name in the editorial head of the Patriot, with the hope that those pugnacious individuals who so greatly desire to inflict personal chastisement on the editor* may not be at a loss to find the object of their indignation. We would inform these puff-balls that they can find us at our office, at all reasonable hours, ready and wil ling to receive calls in their line.”