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THE TRUE DEMOCRAT.
_8*^ to Swrarg, foreign anfo Jantdic Ifctos, fatal fatpnrkatmts, Jiterata, Jgrioiito, feaiortt, tiEkcatioa, Itkt, tfc. OLD SERIES, VoL XI.) t TmmT ti -r^ rv ^.T_ ” ToL 118 _LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 19,1851. NO. 10. FLOUR. •j Af» bbls. St. Louis, extra, received and for sale by 1UO Jnlv 5 _W. B. WAIT. PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR. WHEREAS, the constitution and laws of the State of Arkansas require that a general elec tion shall be held therein on the first Monday in Au gust next: Therefore, I Elias N. Conway, Governor of the State of Arkansas do hereby declare and make known that such general election will be held in the respective counties of this State on the said first Mon day of August, 1854. that is to say, in the counties composing the first congressional district for the elec tion of one Representative to the thirty-fourth Con gress of the United States; in the counties composing the second congressional district for the election of one Representative to the thirty-fourth Congress of the United States: In the counties composing the second judicial cir cuit for the election of a judge of the circuit court; in the counties composing the sixth judicial circuit for the election of a judge of the circuit court; in the counties composing each respective judicial circuit for the election, by the qualified voters thereof, of an at torney f"r the State; and for theelection of one State Senator from each of the following senatorial distiicts, to wit: 1st district, county of Washington. 2nd “ “ Madison and Benton. 6th ‘4 “ Searcy. Marion and Van Buren. 10th 44 “ White, Conway and Jackson. 11 tli “ “ Randolph and Green. 16th 44 “ St. Francis and Poinsett. 14th •• 44 Crittenden and Mississippi; 16th “ 44 Arkansas, Desha and Jefferson. 17th 44 44 Pulaski, Prairie and Perry. 20th 44 " Ouachita and Calhoun. 21st “ 44 Union. 22d 44 44 Clark and Montgomery. 23d 44 “ Hempstead and Pike. And also for the election of one State Senator from the 3rd senatorial district composed of the counties of Carroll and Newton to till the vacancy caused by the resignation of William C. Mitchell. And also for the election of members of the House of Representatives of the next General Assembly of this State from the respective counties thereof to wit: From the county of Arkansas one Representative. •4 " Ashley one 44 “ “ Bradley one “ 44 “ Benton two 44 44 44 44 Calhoun one “ “ u 44 Carroll two “ " “ 44 Chicot one 44 •4 “ Clark two 44 44 Conway two “ 44 44 Crawford two “ 44 ‘4 44 Crittenden one ‘• “ “ Desha one . “ “ Dallas one “ “ “ Drew one “ “ “ Franklin one “ “ “ “ Fulton one “ “ “ Green one “ “ “ Hempstead two “ “ “ Hot Spring one ‘* “ “ Indepenclence three “ “ “ Izard one “ “ u Jackson one •* “ “ Jefferson one “ “ “ Johnson two “ “ Lafayette one •• “ “ Lawrence two “ “ Madison two “ “ “ Marion one 4i Mississippi one “ u “ “ Monroe one 4i Montgomery one ‘‘ “ u Newton * one “ 4' “ 44 Ouachita two 41 4 4 ,4 44 Perrv one “ 44 ** Phillips two 44 •4 ** Pike one 4- 44 Poinsett one 44 '■ 44 Polk one 44 44 44 44 Pope two 44 44 44 44 Prairie one *4 44 44 Pulaski two 44 44 “ Randolph one 44 44 4 4 44 Saline one 44 44 44 Searcy one 44 44 44 Sebastian one 44 44 4 4 44 Scott one 44 44 44 44 St. Francis two u 44 44 44 Sevier one 44 44 44 44 Union four 44 44 44 44 Van Buren one 44 44 44 44 Washington four 44 4 4 44 44 White one 4‘ 44 44 44 Yell one 4* And also in each respective county in the state, for the election of the following county ollieers. to wit: One County and Probate Judge* one Internal Im provement Commissioner, one Clerk of the Circuit Court, one Sheriff, one Corroner. one Treasurer, one Surveyor, and fur each township in the several coun ties one Constable and such number of Justices of the Peace as are authorized by the constitution and laws of this State. The attention of the clerks and sheriff sis called to the provisions of An act to take the sense of the qualified voters of this State, for and against a call of a State convention to modify and reform the present constitution of this State.” approved 10th January. 1853. which act provides that the sheriffs of the seve ral counties of this State, whosedutyit now is to give notice of the elections tube held at the next general elections in this State, to be held on the first Monday in August a. n. 1854. shall at the same time and place, and in the same manner as now prescribed by law for said general election, give notice that the sense of the qualified voters of the several townships of their re spective counties, will be taken at said general elec tion for and against the call of a State convention, to modify and reform the constitution of this State; and also that it shall be the duty of the several clerks of the several counties throughout this State in making out the several poll books, as now reouired by law. previous to the general election to be held in this State, on the first Monday in August. 1854. to add two ad ditional columns to said several poll books, the cap- , tionof one shall he •* for a convention” the caption of the other against a convention.” The sheriffs of the respective counties are hereby required to cause said election to be held according to law. The viva voce system of voting is prescribed by law. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the State (l. p. ) of Arkansas to be affixed at Little Rock this fret day of July a. d. 1854. ELIAfe N. CONWAY. By the Governor: D. B. Greer. Secretary <f State. By John IL tt. Deputy July 5 4t Secretaty of State, i LIME. t I tn UKL.S. Utica, received and for sale by I'lU July 5 __ WM. B. WAIT. BOLTING CLOTHS.-Received this day p^r steamer Drennen. from Messrs. Havt &Sons, agents. New York, 100 yards 6-4 bolting‘cloths, as sorted numbers, say No. 4. 6, 8. and 9, for sale at a small advance on eastern cost, bv June 15. ’54 TUCKER & ROSS. THE MAGNOLIA HOUSE. HAVING purchased the entire fixtures of the house in Ashley's row, on Markham street, late ly occupied by Mr. E. .F B. Lumpkin, which had been refitted within the past spring by that gentleman, in the finest modem style, wc are prepared to accom modate our friends, and every body generally, with the choicest liquors ever brought to the State, mixed in a style, not surpassed by anv artiste west of New York. ICE will be kept during the entire summer season, or as long as money can procure it and every effort made te give satisfaction. Hoping by attention to their business, to merit a large share of the patronage of a generous public, thev would say, “ come one—come all.’, July 5BROOKIN & SULLIVAN. Maps ot the Seat of War in Turkey and Russia. A MAP of the frontier provinces of Turkey. Rus sia. Austria, and the Black sea. with a detailed map of the river Danube, showing the fortified towns, etc., along its course. Also, a man of the North and Baltic seas, with plans of the harbors of St. Peters burg, Revel, etc. Price of both maps. 75c. July 5 JNO. E. REARDON. SUMMER CLOTHING AT COStT I AM now offering the balance of my very large stock of superior SUMMER CLOTHING, at COST, for cash. Call and examine for yourselves. July 12 ’54 _ E. MARCUS. forewarned, forearmed. MONEY I must and WILL have, and therefore I request those who desire to save money to come forward and settle. E. MARCUS. July 12 ’54 NOTICE. A to be absent, on business, I authorise Mr. .Y» to attend to my entire business here. •ml re,ceive anJ receipt for me, and such receipts wul be acknowledged. J. LEVY July 12 1854. s THE TRUE DEMOCRAT IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY JOHNSON & YERKES. Terns of Subscription. For one copy, one year, in advance. a o nn In six months...o 50 At the expiration of the year... g ©if iwaMm. Transient advertisements will be inserted for$l ner sonar, (ten lines or less,) for the first insertion and 50 cenU fo? each subsequent insertion. r eacn 0 , JOB WORK. faeillt'es for doing all descriptions of Job Work can We ha'iP.aSSed b Vn>’ pr,ntin* es,ablishment in the conntrv. l., „n. frC,’re1VUcflst of over sixteen hundred dbli Enables usftodaoaCh^.kaamHmamni?th printine machines, which anS at v^t?ow p^e, Pd PamphUt *« a -perior style Agents for the True Democrat WM.E. SMITH, Washfngton*county; GARLEN SILVEY, Jackson county. A- J- HAYS, Ashley county; R l' Pur^^nJ^,.??on"t Dlive, Izard county. J T MO pham’ Washington, Hempstead county; ,.r f• MILEHAM, Franklin county; Wm M. BOWERS, Fayetteville; JiiHv^a 1|lfvn!P?LBnesville’ IndePende|tce county; HNDSAY’ Powhattan; «J*'YX!i^kPH, Desha county; wSVc^SEL, Gainsville, Green county; Lewis ^ TIp,’vPOpCa,hontS^ Randolph county; Pl^> Boliver, Poinsett county; ROOF H. HOWELL, Dover, Pope county; ,JORDAN, Monticello, Drew county;" rHO’S RIGCS, Postmaster at Rich woods, Izard county; M- VAN VALKENBURGH, Warren, Bradley co; JONES, Esq., Smithville, Lawrence county; i L. B. VENABLE, Van Suren county; ' JOHN IIAVIS, Bradley county; C. H. JACKSON, Mount Penson, Jackson countv; W M. A. CRAWFORD, Saline county; J. W. McCONAUGHEY, Searcy, White county; A. J. BROOKS, Bloomer, Sebastian county; JAMES M. MONTGOMERY, Lewisville, Lafavetteco; I Lapt. \\ . LANDERS, Sulphur Rock, Independence co; ' \\ . B. \ OUNG, Dover, Pope county; THO’S F. AUSTIN, Yellville, Marion county; J. W. BERNARD, Norrostown, Pope county; JA’S R. BERR\ , P. M., Huntsville, Madison couniy; N. JOHNSON, P. M., Friendship, Saline county; C. L. SWEET, Sweetville, Crittenden county; THO’S MILLS, Polk county; JOHN W. FULLERTON, Hot Springs; ROB’T ATKINSON, Leek’s Store, Ouachita county; Dr. L. L. MARTIN, Long View, Ashley county; N. L. BAKER, Fulton county; 3 JACOB PATE, p. m., Pleasant Plains, Independence co. R. L. CARGILE, Conway county. Execution of a Russian Spy in Turkey. A horrible execution of a Russian spy re cently took place at Schumla, which reflects no credit on Omer Pasha. The revolting scene is thus described: He was conducted by a large body of milita ry from one end of Schumla to the other. Ish mael Pasha, with a large staffj led the way.— At a considerable distance came a band of drum- j mers and musicians, playing tunes more suited i to a triumphal event than to the tragical affair that was soon to take place. Behind them came some tiles of soldiers; then the condemn ed man walking in the dress of a Bulgarian pea sant, his two arms tied with ropes, and held by several knavasses who followed him. The cri minal was lead to a spot in view of all present. Ishmael Pasha and his statf alighted. The pre parations for the poor fellow’s execution were very soon finished — nothing, in fact, having been done, excepting the binding of the man’s eyes, and the tying of his hands considerably tighter. The Pasha gave the signal to nine soldiers, who were placed at twenty-five yards from the condemned man, to fire. Three fired first, but only one of their shots took effect. It made him stagger and fall. Another three then fired, but with little more effect, after which the re maining three discharged their muskets at him. Four balls in all seemed to have struck him; but as he was not dead, three other soldiers were 1 ordered to fall out of their ranks and to fire upon him. After they had done so, several men went up to the unkilled man, and stuck i their bayonets into his skull. He groaned so heavily that the crowd heard him. The want of precision with which the men fired, and the tardiness they showed in doing their work, were very reprehensible, and gave much pain to the foreign officers who had seen military exe cutions in other countries; but the finishing part of the business was little else than revolting to their feelings. Several Turkish officers went up to the mutilated man, drew their swords across his throat, and then licked the blood from their sides. During the whole of the pro ceedings, Ishmael Pasha was quietly smoking his pipe, and seemed as undisturbed by emo tion as if he had been witnessing a review of his troops. The spy had been formerly of the Russian army, and was a man of some intelli gence. Selections for a Newspaper.—Most peo ple think the selection of suitable matter for a newspaper the easiest part of the business.— How great an error! It is by all means the mostdifficult. To look over and over hundreds of exchange papers every week, from which to select enough for one, espicially when the ques tion is not what shall, but what shall not be se lected, is no easy task. If every person who j reads a paper could have edited it, we should j hear less complaints. Not unfrequently is it the case that an editor looks over all his ex change papers for something intersting, and can absolutely find nothing. Every paper is dryer than a contribution box; and yet something must be had, his paper must come out with something in it, and he does the best he can. To an editor who has the least care about what he selects, the writing that he has to do is the easiest part of the labor. Every subscriber thinks the paper printed for his own benefit, and if there is nothing in it that suits him, it must be stopped, it is good for nothing. Just as many subcribers as an editor may have, so many tastes he has to consult. One wants something smart, another something sound. One likes anecdotes, fun and frolic, and the next door neighbor won-! ders that a man of sense will put such stuff in a paper. Something spicy comes out, and the editor is a blackguard. Next something argu mentative, and the editor is a dull fool. And so, between them all, you see the poor fellow gets rouggly handled. They never reflects that what does not please them may plase tbe next man; but the^ insist if the paper does not suit them it is good for nothing.— Vermont Times. Slaves Returning from California. The steamship Pampero, on her last trip from San Juan, brought up twelve or fifteen slaves, who, together with their master were on their return from California to Georgia. These slaves were taken out to California by their master, in the spring of 1850, and as soon as practicable after their arrival in San Francisco, started for the gold mines, where they have ever since la bored faithfully, the proceeds of their labor rendering the owner wealthy. When they re turned to San Francisco, the owner addressed them, and informed them that they were free, and offered to rig them out in fine style, and give each of them a sufficient sum of money to enable him to start fair in the world for him self. Without a single exception they refused. They had all been looking forward with great glee to return to the “ old plantation” and the “old folks at home,” and so back they all came, and by this time, perhaps, they are astonishing the young darkeys, who have never left home, with the wondrous instances which befell them in the land of gold, and gratifying them with a sight of the monkeys, paroquets, etc., which they picked up on the Isthmus of Nicaragua. The above facts are gathered from gentlemen who came through with the slaves and their master, and who are perfectly cognizant of the matters stated.—N. 0. Picayune. Excitement in Webster, Trimble Coun ty—Escape of Delia Webster.—Miss Web ster, as most of our readers know, was indicted some years ago in Fayette county, for stealing or abducting a number of slaves. She was convicted and sentenced to the penitentiary of this State for a term of years, and was pardon ed out by Governor Crittenden after she had served the State but a small portion of the time she was sentenced for. Recently, as we learn from the Madison Courier, some of these old indictments have beeen revived, and a war rant was issued for the apprehension of Miss Webster, which was served, but the lady be ing very sick, could not be removed. Under these circumstances a guard of three men was appointed to remain and watch her. The guards slept at their post, or were careless, or were se- i duced; anyhow, Miss Webster escaped on the I underground railroad—vanished, vamoosed, left I her disconsolate guard to watch the empty ! house. During the session of court at Bedford, on Tuesday, it was rumored that Craig, at Mil- ; ton, had written to Judge Prior stating that a party of men had crossed over from Madison ■ and released her vi et armis—whereupon the I chivalry of that vicinity were much excited. —Louisville Cuurier, 23d ult. Clerical Ingenuity—Why the Tar Wouldn’t Stick! The treatment of a Methodist minister, at Lebanon 111., by a portion of the citizens, to which we alluded the other day possessed se veral decidedly laughable features. The fel- 1 low, it will be recollected, had married a widow in Lebanon, soon after which he prostituted her daughter, a young girl of only fifteen years.— ; The St. Louis Republican, of the 17th/goes on to tell of the Judge Lynch doings: They at once proceeded to his house, but the fellow had firmly barricaded himself, and just as they were about to force the blockade, he offered to capitulate on certain conditions. The tenns proposed by him were, that he would let them in, and submit to being tarred and fea- i thered, provided they would dispense with the other punishmeut proposed. This was finally agreed to, and the impatient mob let in, when, to their astonishment, they found their victim ready for the sacrifice, with nothing on him but a pair of socks, while his naked state seemed particularly adapted to the eccentric costume | which they proposed to fit him out with. The tar and feathers were at hand, and men willing ly pitched in to give him his new suit. The brushes and mops were dipped into the tar buck et, and speedily applied to his naked form, while the victim stood it like a martyr. What was their surprise, however, to find that the substance wouldn’t stick and slid off his person as fast as it was applied. It was in vain thov worked, for the tar wouldn’t take hold. Upon questioning him sharply and examing him close ly, they lound that the Reverend gentleman had actually greased himself all over, in an ticipation of the course that would he pursued toward him. Hisingenuitv, however, wouldn’t save him, and vengance finally triumphed.— Some genius in the crowd suggested a method which was immediately adopted. It was no thing more or less than to sprinkle him with ashes, and a little dirt and sand. The plan succeeded—the priming stuck, and the tar and feathers were applied and adhered; after which they trotted him around on a rail. 03" The Boston Herald has been looking into “ scripture” to prove the existence of the Know-Nothings, from a very long time ago, and judges that Absalom was the leader of the first party, from what it finds recorded in 2d Sa muel, xv., 2. which says: “And with Absalom went out two hundred men that were called— and they went in their simplicity and they knew not anything. ’ ’ President Fierce at Home. It will be gratifying to the friends of the ad ministration, to know, that notwithstanding the i disaffection of Burke and his traitorous confed erates, the administration is still unscathed in New Hampshire, on the high ground it has ta- i ken on all questions appertaining to the domes tic and foreign policy of the country. The fol- j lowing resolution, among others, was adopted at a recent convention of the New Hampshire democracy: Resolved, That the administration of Frank lin Pierce has been directed by high, pure and national considerations, and has exhibited proofs of a wise, liberal and patriotic policy—that it has shown itself true to the great principles of Jefferson and the early leaders of the demo cracy of the country; and, therefore, we con tinue to repose in it the most unlimited confi dence, and to entertain for it, and especially for its distinguished head, the warmest feelings of attachment and regard. A resolution was unanimously passed endors ing the Nebraska bill. OCT The farm of General Cass, which, thir ty years ago, was in the suburbs of the little village of Detroit, is now the very heart of that large and prosperous city. By retaining pos session of the land which originally cost but a few hundred dollars, he now finds himself worth about three millions from that operation alone. (£7’* According to an official account of the recent destruction byearthquake of San Sal vador, the captial of the Central American State bearing that name, t^ie population when the disaster occurred, numbered about thirty thou sand. Not more than a hundred lives were lost—though not a building was left entire in the city. Baloon on a Plantation. Mr. Elliottt, who recently made a baloon as cension at Washington, descended on a Virginia plantation. The sight of a white man descend ing from the skies, says the Star, caused as much consternation among the negroes work ing on the farm as the appearance of Gulliver in Lilliput, and their first impulse was to run away. One negro in particular was very badly frightened. Having determined upon a de scent, as the shades of night were approaching, the aeronaut allowed the baloon gradually to fall down, and when within a short distance from the earth, directed the baloon so as to skim along that he might select a good place for a landing. In his course, he perceived a lane in which was a negro driving a team of oxen and steered after him. The colored man seeing his approach, stoutly applied the whip to the backs of the poor animals, who for some time went at full speed. The baloon, however, overtook them. Elliot halloed, “catch this line.” The affrighted fellow looked upwards, when, finding it really a human voice, he leap ed the fence and fairly flew to the woods ad joining. Previously to his departure, early in the morning, all the negroes of the plantation were permitted to assemble around and take a good look at the baloon and basket, when a most amusing scene was enacted. Masonic. Rockport, J uiy 1st, 1854. Mr. Jno. P. Emerson—Brother:—The Rock port Lodge No. 58, of Free and Accepted Ma sons have appointed us as a committee, to re quest of you a copy of your address, deliver ed on the 24th day of June, 1854, at the cele bration of the anniversary of St. John the Bap tist; therefore we respectfully solicit from you a copy for publication. By your compliance with this request we believe the correct principles of our order will be advanced, and the unanimity of the fraterity strengthened. Fraternally yours, JOHN G. HALLIBURTON, i JACKSON CORNELUS, > Cam. JOSEPH JESTER. ) Rockport, J uly 1st, 1854. Brethren.—Yours of the 1st inst., is at: hand and contents noticed. In answer, I say, that the address is at the disposal of the Lodge. Having been a Mason not quite two years, in connection with my limited knowledge of the true principles of Free Masonry, causes me to doubt the result of its publication, you antici pate. In behalf of the Lodge you represent, accept gentlemen, and to yourselves, the assurancce of my high opinion and of my devotedness to the welfare and prosperity of Free Masonry. Yours fraternally, JNO. P. EMERSON. To John G. Haliburton, and others. AN ADDRESS, Delivered, before Rockport Lodge, Eo. 58, of Free and Accepted Masons, on 24ih day of June, 1854, by Jno. P. Emerson. My Brethren, Friends and Ladies— Through the forbearance and mercies of our Supreme Grand Master, we are brought together, to celebrate the birth day of St. John the Baptist; which is observed as a festival by the fraternity in commemoration of this distin guished personage. What a mercy it is that we are yet alive, while so many of our venerable craft, and multitudes of our fellow men, have fallen by the ruthless hand of death, who rides the blast, horsed upon the the sightless air, has scattered his deathly darts thick around us.— Brethren and friends, let us unite our hearts in humble thanks to God, praise his name, adore his goodness, and trust his love. The keep ing of feasts in memory of distinguished per sons is of very remote antiquity, as well as di vine authority, and to these may be added that greatest feast, setting forth in so lively a manner, the broken body and shed-blood of the Re deemer of man. These have many good ends, in stirring us up to watchfulness; they inform the understanding; and by bringing us together, they strengthen union and concord. Lodges in ancient times were dedecated to King Solomon. But since the death of St. John the Evangelist, Christian Lodges are dede cated to St. John the Baptist in connection with St. John the Evangelist—they both be ing regarded as eminent Christian patterns of Free-Masonry. Some inquiring minds may ask how we know these Christian patterns to have been Free Masons? We answer, bv universal ma sonic tradition. Some may say that tradi tion is not a safe foundation of belief, we an swer: according to history many wise and learn ed men say that tradition in matters of fact is good and stable authority, and there is full evi dence that these divines were Masons, clearly set forth by the Gospel, to all those who have light to see it. I1 ree Masonry has attained for itself the exalted rank of a scientific institution; and many of the most philosophic minds of England, Germany, France, and the United States, have been and still are devoted to the illustration of its principles; to the examination of its antiqui ty, and the arrangement and study of its litera ry system. Scholars of the most profound genius and learning have entered its portals, that they may find its hidden mysteries and its learned assistance. One of the profoundest wri ters of the present day, (the Rev. Dr. Oliver of England) has said that the scientific philosphy of Free Masonry forms a rational employment j of time in acquiring the wisdom and experience resulting from human knowledge. This philo sophy has now been diligently studed by Wash ington, Franklin, Crawford, Warren, Jackson, Polk, Clay, Cas.>, and various others; who have formed the brightest galaxy of genius in this great republic, and given to the science and study of Free Masonry so elevated a position, that it is no longer possible for any candid thinking mind to doubt for a moment, the benevolent, moral, and salutary influence it has over the mind of mankind, when its true principles are correctly taught and properly regarded. It is a well known fact that our order is principally composed of scientific and ingenius men, who assemble to improve and cultivate a pure and sublime sys tem of morality; and Masonry may now be defined as a moral institution, intended to pro mote individual and social happiness. Our in stitution asserts in language not to be misunder stood the natural equality of mankind. It de clares that all worthy brethren are upon a level, and admits of no rank except the priority of merit, and the only aristocracy is the nobility of virtue; it throws open its doors to all worthy men of all nations. How often has it showered down its golden gifts into the dungeon of misery, which appear ed inaccessible! How often has it dispersed the rays of gloom and affliction, and converted their horrors of despair into the meridian splendor of unexpected joy! How often has it with its kind and gentle voice recalled the unhappy wanderer back to the path of rectitude, and with its powerful arm protected the oppressed and un protected. • Let the widow, the orphan, and the unfortunate who have been witnesses of its many benevolent deeds and gratitude declare its charity and virtues. We as Masons are bound to reasonably promote the interest of each other, to avoid every thing offensive, to abstain from reproach; to mildly advise each other of our errors, to advance the welfare and reputition of our families, and protect them against unjust attacks; such are the obligations that we owe to each other as brothers. Ma sonry espouses the cause of universal benevo lence and virture, and although there are some vicious men in the fraternity, yet they are better men than if they were not Masons; as Chris tian Masons acknowledge the divinity of God. A Mason is always a peaceable subject to the civil powers, wherever he resides, and is never concerned in plots and conspiracies against the peace and welfare of the nation. So ancient kings and princes have been encouragers of the craft because of their peaceableness and loyalty, and if a brother is a rebel against government he is not countenanced by the brotherhood.— Masonry is an important institution, its temper ance is high as the Sons of Temperance, its re verence to Deity elevates it to a religious insti tution, its antiquity and universality make it a subject for the historian, while in its prominent features, it is a great moral code. Masonry has stood many revolving ages. Amidst the suc cessive revolutions of states and empires, it has remained without any change in its principles and without any material alteration in its origi nal form. Placed on the immovable basis of the best natural principles of the human heart, its pillows have remained unshaken amidst the rage of every storm. i he prejudices which exist against our socie ty are generally in proportion to the degree of moral civilization. They vanish as itadvances; weak and wicked men enveloped in darkness in respect to our society and often actuated by malice, regard this institution with a supersti tious eye, an institution to which they are total strangers. They ascribe to it motives entirely foreign to its principles; it is represented by them to be destructive of that holy religion which the craft so highly reveres. Against the imputations of charges so unfound, the fraterni ty appeals to the candid and enlightened part of the world, cites the testimony of history, and decends to such an explanation of its ob jects as is consistent with its preservation. The claim of Masonry to antiquity rises to the be ginning of time. When the Architect of the Universe completed the stupendous stricture of the world, he gave symmetry to its parts, and harmony to the whole of it. While the proudest fabrics of man; the mo numents of glory; and the governments of the earth have yielded to the power of all distanc ing time or perished by the hand of convul sions, Masonry deposited in the heart, and its tenets faithfully recorded in the memory of its possessors, has survived, and been preserved by a tradition more durable and permanent than brass or marble. And in those ages which were consigned to darkness and superstition, our or der retained the only remnant of knowledge.— An institution so remote, commencing from the creation itself, which leads us to a knowledge of the other sciences, and which has been joined by the good and great of all ages, must rest on some other foundation than vice. But where do persecutors of Masonry draw their proofs, that it is destructive of morality and good order?— Though they have labored to establish such proofs, yet they have wholly failed. And his tory may be ransacked in vain for a period in which it has been accomplished. \V ould ministers of the Gospel have regis- ! tered their names to an institution derogatory to morality? would patriots and princes influ- I ence and cherish a society of men inimical to order and harmony? No. A Solomon, a Washing- j ton, a Franklin, and various of others never would have registered their names and permitted them to have remained to an institution delete- j rious to the welfare of mankind. The intrinsic merit and leading features of Masonry, fully demonstrate the fallacy of the j charges of her enemies. Morality is the foun dation of the superstructure and religion the 1 chief corner-stone. Masonry inculcates the prac-: tice of virtue, charity, friendship and fidelity, ; and he who can view the sufferings of his fellow man without feeling the sensations of charity, i is not permitted to enter the walls of a Lodge : as a member. Has the chilling hand of mis fortune brought woe and affliction upon a broth-; er? The soul of a Mason expands, his heart palpitates, and his ready hand holds out the means of relief. Nor does he stop here. Has a brother been summoned from the labor of this life by the Grand Master of the Universe and left a widow and an orphan? The generous hearted Mason watches over their happiness with tenderness, wipes away the falling tear and gives them hope and comfort, here it is that our order shines with peculiar luster; while it blunts the shafts of adversity. And when the true principles of Masonry are correctly taught and practiced there is no virtues to which it does not add new charmes and no misery which it does not to some extent mitigate. So soon as the ceremony of initiation is preformed, the Ma son becomes allied to thousands of brethren in all nations speaking all tongues, who will succor in time of need, and fly to his relief. Has the j business of life led him to the remote corner of j the earth, and has adversity overtaken him there? A stranger with a different visage and speaking in an unknown tongue approaches him; the symbol of Masonry is given and un derstood, his wants are immediately supplied, and he is enabled to return to the bosom of his family; thus it serves as a universal language, and as a letter of introduction which the Ma son always carries with him, and which none can deprive him of but the strong iron grasp of death, and if he has been faithfnl to the Su preme Grand Master he receives a passport to the Grand Lodge above. in the battle held, when confusion and blood-! shed reigns; when the clash of arms, the roar of J cannon and the groans of the dying, alone are heard, and the clouds of smoke are ascending to heaven, a Mason by a flash of light, sees his hand raised and raised and directed against a brother. The masonic sigu is given, his arm falls, the still drops, and instead of the cold em brace of death, he is folded in the arms of friendship. Without fidelity, friendship could never subsist. A Mason is required to be faith ful in all his promises and undertakings, and no threats can exort, nor arts of persuation win from him the secrets which the order has de posited in his breast, and whatever vortex of vice he may have fallen into he is still true to his obligations; and the secrets of the order re main undiscovered, such are the virtues taught and practiced by our order. It will be said no doubt that the conduct of all Masons does not correspond with the sketch I have given; while brethren, it becomes our so lemn duty by our conduct to prove to the world, that a large majority of our order does not con form to these principles, for candor obliges us to admit that some of our brethren occasionally leave the path of virtue and are guilty of un masonic conduct. This, however should not diminish from the respectability of our institu tion. Masons do not claim to be exempt from that imperfection which is the lot of all mankind. The Grand Architect of the universe, has re served perfection to himself. That portion of intellect given to man by his Creator is insuffi cient to guard him against imposition. All of us are subject to this fate; with all the caution that the fraternity can possible use, still some times improper subjects are initiated into our order. But this ought not to excite surprise when the most rigid religious societies are often deceived and imposed upon by false repen tence, and sometimes admit into their bosom the most corrupt and abandoned. The mistake of Masons should no longer astonish, when men are often disappointed by friends with whom they have had years of acquaintance. If a Mason’s conduct is inconsistent with his duty, he is mildly reproved, with an explanation of his obligations, and the dangorous tendency of his conduct, and if a reformation is not produc ed, the penalty of suspension or expulsion re luctantly takes place. Some many ask, if the institution is fraught with advantages to man kind in general why not unfold its mysteries to all? Let me ask why are not all mengoodand virtuous men? Masonry desires that her prin ciples should be universal, that men should be benevolent, friendly and faithful; but when she looks around and sees vice and immorality everywhere; she wisely invites the good and virtuous to partake of her mysteries, and closes her doors against the intemperate immoral and vicious. If all men were made Masons, the institution would come to an end, the responsi bility of each member to promote the cause of morality and virtue would dwindle to nothing. The loftly eminence on which we stand would sink into dust. That manly pride which fills the heart of every true Mason would be turned into disgust; and an institution which has sub sisted for ages; which boasts of a Solomon, a i St. John, a Washington and various others; when every intemperate and vicious knave could claim its privileges would fall into con tempt. But based as it is upon the immutable principles of truth and justice, it calls upon all men to shape their thoughts, words and acts by | these divine attributes. It has constant refer- I ence to the improvement of those faculties that must expand forever. Masonry opens her portals only to those whose characters are free from vice and ; immorality, she simply requires the candi date to assent to the one great fundamental re ligious truth, the existence of a God, while he is taught to practice brotherly love, chairty, vir tue, friendship, fidelity, andjuticeand is point ed to the wise plans and works which the Grand Architect has drawn upon the trestle board of the universe, which inspires him with reverence and love, and a desire to prepare for initiation into the Grand Lodge above. High and honorable are the aims of Free Masonry, \ her living land marks, mark well the distinc- ' tion between virtue and vice; her march is onward, and she exerts a high moral influence, supported by wisdom, strength and beauty; and ■ the tongue of slander in vain assails her bul warks. Often have I met the social band, often : have I enjoyed the delights of the social circle in our sacred retreats of friendship and virtue, I look back to my days of darkness, when Ma sons took me by the hand as a brother, led me in paths I had not known, gave me Masonic light, and enrolled my name among the craft. Brethren let us guard well the sacred trust com mitted to us; become living stones in the build ing; strive to improve ourselves in the mystery of the art, support with dignity the honor of Free and Accepted Masons, never let the honors of the world cause us to forget the respect due to our brother; never let our voices be heard answering the opposers of Masonry, being con scious of the validity of our claims to the ho nor we enjoy, let us abide the test of time and truth, be quiet and calm, being admonished by j the plum to walk uprightly in our several sta- 1 tions before God and man; squaring our actions by the square of virtue, and remembering that j wa are traveling upon the level of time to ‘-that undiscovered country from whose bourne notra- 4 veler ever returns.” Brethren let us strive to improve in the mystery of our order, for it has I moved with giant form among the nations of the earth. The princes and powers of the ; earth have sought her mysteries. She has crossed the father of waters and ascended the mountains beyond. She has gone down the western slope of the continent, and is now look ing out upon the great monarch of waters whose proud waves roll away to the setting of the sun. Ladies, although you are absent on many Mosonic occasions, in consequence of the an cient land marks laid down by our forefathers; yet we are truly gratified to see so many of you present at this time, the welfare and happiness , of woman are strictly guarded by our order; and our Masonic obligations make you legiti mate objects of our protection at all times. The honorary degrees which Master Mason’s wives and daughters are entitled to, are truly inte resting as well as beautifully instructive, they first teach the beauties of fidelity which is the great lever power of friendship while it inspires you with full confidence in the craft, and places you in possession of such knowledge that you can call to your aid all the craft present should vou be in distress, and teaches you to strew the i flowers of virtue and benevolence with that caution which so highly adorns the female sex. Masonry in connection with her twin sister re ligiou have placed woman in the elevated posi- j tion which she now occupies in society, and which she so justly merits, and so long as the | true principles of these societies are properly ' regarded, she will continue to hold that station in society, which the Supreme Grand Master 1 of the Universe intended for her. Masonry is : in the very nature of gentle woman. There- i fore the associations of Masonry were formed by 1 our forefathers, inspired by Deity, to modify the vices of man’s heart and to cultivate vir tue, affection and love and make them suita ble companions for woman, whose smiles are I the lingering beams of Eden; which remind us of that fairer world, where kindred angels dwell. It will no doubt excite surprise with some of this respected audience to hear these last re marks from a man occupying the situation in life that I do. Judge English remarked in his address at Batesville on an occasion like this, “ that all Masters were expected to be men of families and if they were not they ought to be; j and if they had any bachelors in the craft he moved that they be suspended on a charge of | bad taste, unless they give evidence that they 1 had wooed and sighed at the shrine of beauty un til the last lingering ray of hope had taken the wings of the morning and flown to the remote corner of the earth.” It may be possible that this craft is on the eve of bringing a charge of bad taste against me. If so I cannot give the evidence which brother English has required, which is good evidence, but will confess that for frivolous occurrences which no other man 1 probably but myself would have noticed, in connection with my peculiar circumstances, I! have remained out on the cold bleaky deserts of bachelorism, until the present time. I cannot set down until I acknowledge the repeated honor brethren you have conferred on | me. As a Mason and as a man, I most cordi ally thank you for the respect you have shown me, and greet you my brethren, ladies, and friends, with the heartiest salutations of the season. [All papers in the State are requested to copy.] 7 ' Bold and Ingenious Frauds Upon! The Pension Office Some parties in Cincinnati have been detect- j ed in transactions similar to those which distin- 1 guished a “ very respectable judge” and other | dishonest rascals in Lancester countv, Ohio: i In January last the commissioner of pen- j sions received, through the mail, certain papers, j purporting to be the declaration of Catharine I Swan, widow of Jesse Swan, late of Clermont county, Ohio, deceased, who wras in his lifetime | a revolutionary pensioner, and claiming a pen- j sion in her own right as his widow. This de claration purported to have been made in open court, before the court of common pleas of Clermont county, on the 17th of January last, and to be duly testified by John S. Griffith, the clerk of said court, with a distinct impres sion of the seal of said court. Accompanying said declaration were papers, purporting to be the depositions of Thomas Manning, Alexan der Blair, John Hulick and Thomas Anderson, setting forth the necessary and appropriate facts to establish said claim, all of which purported to be duly authenticated by the seal and certi ficate of the clerk of Clermont common pleas. Also, a certificate of the clerk of the county court of Borbon county, Ky., proving the mar riage of the pretended claimant to said Jesse Swan, in 1789. When the papers came to be examined at the pension office, certain discrepancies between their statements and the statements made by Jesse Swan in his declaration, in 1820, led to the suspicion that the claim was fraudulent.—•• About a month ago J. J. Coombs, esq., an at torney-at-law of W ashington, having occasion to visit this State, was requested by the com missioner of pensions to go into Clermont coun ty and investigate the matter. Up to this time all correspondence with the pension office in re lation to this claim had been carried on in the name of Catharine Swan, through the post-of fice at Goshen. When Mr. Coombs visited Clermont county, he ascertained that said pa pers, purporting to have been made out before the court of common pleas of Clermont coun ty, were all forgeries, county seal and all; that there was no court in session on the 17th of Ja nuary last; that Jesse Swan left no widow sur viving him, and said witnesses, Thomas Man ning, Alex. Blair and John Hulick, were all dead—two of them having been dead many years. After his return to Washington, on an examination of the files in the pension office, it was discovered that several large claims had been admitted within the last eighteen months, and the money paid thereon, at the Louisville agency, amounting tooversix thousand dollars, in which the papers were drawn up in the same hand writing as in the Swan case. On further investigation, the department became satisfied that these cases w’ere all fraudulent, and made out by forged papers, similiar to these above described. The papers in some of these hist mentioned cases had been filed by a resident agent at Washington, who received the certifi cates from the pension office when issued. On inquiry being made of this gentleman, it ap peared that the papers had been forwarded to him from Cincinnati and Newport, Ky., by a person signing his name C. J. McNulty, jr.— Previous, however, to the receipt of any of these papers, a man had called upon said agent, in Washington, about two years ago, introduc ing himself by the name of C. J. McNulty, and had engaged said agent to assist him in the pro secution of certain claims to be forwarded on his return to the West. About a year ago, it was ascertained at the pension office, that one of the claims, thus pre sented, had been allowed upon false testimony, as to the date of the widow's marriage, and the fact was communicated to the agent aforesaid, who had received the certificate, with a demand for the refunding of the money which had been improperly paid. On his communicating the facts to his correspondent, C. J. McNulty, jr., he received an answer full of virtuous indigna tion, that he (McNulty) should have been made the victim of such an imposture, and promis ing to see that the money (about $800) should be refunded. This letter was filed in the pen sion o ffice, and (the money being shortly after refunded) no intentional fraud on the part of McNulty was suspected. Before the money was refunded, the Washington agent received a letter, signed W. W. McNulty, announcing the sudden death of his brother,'the said C. J. McNulty, jr., on the 21st of June last, accom panied by three city papers, containing an obi tuary notice, and announcing that the funeral services would take place at the residence of his brother, on Front street, between Elm and Plum. He soon afterwards received other let ters to the some effect, signed D. W. McNulty, (calling himself also the brother of said C. J. McNulty, jr.,) and enclosing receipts from the pension agent, at Louisville, for the money which he had refunded, on behalf of his said deceas ed brother, in the case above referred to. Having possession of these facts, and others which we have no time to mention, Mr. Coombs arrived in the city on Monday evening last, with authority from the government to investi gate the matter, and to institute any proceed ings which he might deem necessary. Through the assistance of Mr. Ruffin, the city Marshal, he ascertained that there had been no death or funeral of a man, named C. J. McNulty, at the time and place mentioned in the obituary no tice, and came to the conclusion that the letters signed C. J. McNulty, jr., W. W. McNulty, and D. W. McNulty, were all written by the same hand, and by the said D. W. McNulty. He also became satisfied, by inspection of some records in the clerk’s office of this country, written by said D. W. McNulty, while tempo ralilv employed there not long ago, that said forged and counterfeit papers in all the above mentioned cases, were written by the same hand. He got out a warrant, upon which said D. W. McNulty was arrested on Wednesday evening, and on Thursday evening he was admitted to bail on $5000 bond, for his appearance on Sa turday morning, at 9 o’clock. On Friday Mr. Coombs visited Batavia and Goshen in Clermont county, where he found witnesses by whom he could identify the de fendant with the fraudulent papers in the Swan case, in the most conclusive manner. Among other things, he was prepared to prove by the postmaster at Goshen, and a young man who stays in the post office there, that the defen dant had called for and received the letters ad dressed to Catharine Swan, from the pension office. He passed at Goshen by the name of Newkirk. Also, by a gentleman of Batavia, that some year or more since the defendant was at his tavern house in Batavia, making particu lar inquiries in relation to the family of said Jesse Swan, deceased. He there went by the name of McNulty. Saturday morning, at nine o’clock, Mr. Coombs arrived from Clermont, with four witnesses, fully prepared to enter up on an examination of the case, but soou learn ed that his labors were cut short by the escape of the defendant. New Wat of Making change.—We do not vouch for the truth of this story. We give it as we find it in a very respectable Virginia paper: The latest and most wonderful cure effected by a patent medicine is the following: A boy had swallowed a silver dollar. None of the faculty could devise any alleviation, whereupon the inventor of patent medicines was sent for. “It is evident,” said he, “that so considerable a coin can never be forced by any emetic known to science. However, let him take this pill, and flattering consequences will be likely to ensue.” An hour afterwards, the boy threw up the dollar in small change, principally five cent pieces. Stand from Under!—The Poughkeepsie (N. Y.) Daily Press says: As a dusty looking “ colored child,” about forty years of age and from the country, was passing under the scaffolding of the building being erected on the corner of Main and Ca therine streets, the other day, a brick came down, struck upon his head, and broke in two. He was stunned for a moment, but soon recovered sufficiently to get off the following, and leave those who had gathered around him in a roar of laughter: “ I say you white man up dar, if you don’t want yer bricks broke jes keep ’em off my head!” The weather has been intensely hot in St. Louis, Cincinnati, Philadelphia, etc.