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THE TRUE IEMOCRAT.
§ttoteMn ftmncratp, Jforrign anil Donitslic |(this, Internal fntprntenttitts, filtrate, 5lgrinilta, (ffmmntrct, (ftncalimt, Stientt, rtc. _ LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2, 1854. NO. 42. I'HE TRUE DEMOCRAT IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY JOHNSON & YERKES. Terms of Subscription. For one copy, one year, in advance,.0 2 00 In six months..... 2 50 At tbe expiration of the year.3 OTESC3 ©T jwEmraam Transient advertisements will be inserted forOlper square, (ten lines or less,) for the first insertion and 50 cents for each snbsequent insertion. Merchants advertising by the year will be charged 030. Professional cards and other advertisements, not exceeding one square, 010 per annam. JOB “WORK. Oar facilities for doing all descriptions of Job Work can not be surpassed by any printing establishment in the country. We have procured, at a cost of over sixteen hundred dol lars, one of Isaac Adams’mammoth printing machines, which enables us to do book and pamphlet work in a superior style and at very low prices. Agents for the True Democrat ARKANSAS. L. M. STROUD, Carroll county; WM. E. SMITH, Washington county; GARLEN SILVEY, Jackson county. A. J. HAYS, Ashley county; D. W. JEFFREY, Mount Olive, Izard county. R L. PHILLIPS, Washington, Hempstead county; J. T. MILEHAM, Franklin county; Wm. M. BOWERS, Fayetteville; GIDEON TUCKER, Batesville, Independence county; JOHN A. LINDSAY, Powhattan; ELIHU RANDOLPH, Desha county; JOHN M. MITCHEL, Gainsville, Green county; WM. R. CAIN, Pocahontas, Randolph county; LEWIS SUTFIN, Boliver, Poinsett county; ROOF II. HOWELL, Dover, Pope county; J. S. JORDAN, Monticello, Drew county; THO’S RIGGS, Postmaster at Richwoods, Izard county; WM. M. VAN VALKENBURGH, Warren, Bradley co; GREEN R. JONES, Esq., Smithville, Lawrence county; L. B. VENABLE, Van Buren county; JOHN HAVIS, Bradley county; C. II. JACKSON, Mount Penson, Jackson county; WM. A. CRAWFORD, Saline county; J. VV. McCONAUGHEY, Searcy, White county; A. J. BROOKS, Bloomer, Sebastian county; JAMES M. MONTGOMERY, Lewisville, Lafayette co; Capt. W. LANDERS, Sulphur Rock, Independence co; VV. B. YOUNG, Dover, Pope county; THO’S F. AUSTIN, Yellville, Marion county; J. W. BERNARD, Norrostown, Pope county; JA’S R. BERRY, P. M., Huntsville, Madison counjy; J A’S N. JOHNSON, P. M., Friendship, Saline county; C. L. SWEET. Sweetville, Crittenden county; THO’S MILLS, Polk county; JOHN W. FULLERTON, Hot Springs; KOB’T ATKINSON, Leek’s Store, Ouachita county; Dr L. L. MARTIN, Long View, Ashley county; N. L. BAKER, Fulton county; JACOB PATE, p. m., Pleasant Plains, Independence co. R. L. CARGILE, Conway county. Mike Walsh on Slavery. In the speech of this gentleman, delivered in the House of Representatives on the 19th May last, on the Nebraska bill, he holds the following language in regard to slavery: In reply, Mr. Chairman, to what dropped from the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Westworth) last night, and to others who have been overflowing with sympathy for the Southern slaves, I have to say, that the only ! difference between the negro slave of the South, j and the white -wages slave of the North, is, that | the one has a master wdthout asking for him, and the other has to beg for the privilege of be coming a slave. (Great laughter.) The one is the slave of an individual; the other is the slave of an inexorable class. After the latter has added wealth, by his labor and his toil, to the community in which he has lived, he is turned adrift without any, among all the diffe rent employers whom he has aided in enrich ing, to give him a mouthful of victuals or a night’s lodging. I w'ould ask the particular ad vocates of abolition upon this floor, to point me to one single solitary degradation heaped on the negro of the South that a white man at the North is not liable to have imposed on him for the time being through poverty? Last night the gentleman from Massachusetts said, as I doted it down at the time: “No man or woman, black or white, could be deprived of their freedom for one hour, in Massachusetts, without the commission of a crime, and then on the judgmeut of a court.” • Sir, this was in perfect keeping with the reck- i lessly unfounded statements in which that class i of persons who are most strenuous in their op- j position to this bill, and, indeed, to all other I really democratic and patriotic measures, inva- j riably indulge. With them, indeed, in all ca- i ses, the end seems to fully justify the means, j Is it possible that the gentleman, lawyer as he ! is, while whinning about Southern slavery and ; about free negroes being prevented from enter- i ing permanently some oftheslave States, could have been ignorant of the fact, that in his own State (Massachusetts) poor w’hite people are not only prevented from entering, but are for- , cibly transported whenever there is any pros-1 pect of their becoming a temporary public charge! Did he not know at the time he was making these sweeping declarations, that thou sands of worthy and industrious poor men and | women are yearly deprived of their liberty, | without any trial, and subjected to the vilest1 degradation and servitude in his own, and in j every other northern State, with entire impuni- j ty? I have seen hundreds of cases myself in the city of Boston alone, and I should much | like to know the difference between making a black skin, or an empty pocket and collapsed , stomach, (laughter,) the cause of one’s servi- ■ tude. If a difference does exist, it is most as- | suredly in favor of the former. Oh! how I j loathe and detest this miserable cant and hy-! pocricy. I have any quantity of testimony ; here in my drawer to substantiate the truth of what I say, but as no one has dared question a word of it, I may as well let it pass. 1 was going to read an affidavit to the com mittee, but I will only state the substance of it. It is one of nearly a thousand cases that I know of myself. It is an affidavit wherein it is shown that a woman, after having lived for eight or nine years in the town of Southbridge, in Massachusetts, where she had children born, and where she had been herself employed by the selectmen of the town to scrub out the public buildings, during which she had caught cold, and had become for the moment unable to support herself and children, was, under the provisions of a law of Massachusetts, which I | have here, taken—not upon the order of a court,! but upcat an order written by a magistrate—and ; transposed to New York, for fear she should become an incumbrance on Massachusetts. It I is all very well for gentlemen to get up here and clamor about the wrongs and outrages of j the Southern slaves; but, sir, even in New York,! during the last year, there have been over hirteen hundred people deprived of their li berty without any show or color of an offence, but because they were poor, and too honest to commit a crime. Now what is the appeal that these men make when they go to the South?— They do not make the appeals to them that they make here and at the North. They do Dot appeal to the magnanimity, sense of jus tice or Christianity of the Southern slaveholder, but they appeal to his avarice. They tell him, abolish your negro slavery in the South, and adopt the slavery of wages that we have sub stituted for it in the North, and it will put mo* Dey into your pockets, and add to the oppres sion of those who do your work. Why, sir, a poor man at the North will, for fifty cents a day, drag more in a hand-cart than three ne ^oes, with four mules, will bring into Wash ington, though they have a white man to watch (Laughter.) A manat the South gives $1,200 for a negro; and he must be an exceed good one to fetch so much; he fra* to sup port him; he has to feed and clothe him; he has to provide for him in old age; to take care of him in his sickness, and to bury him when he is dead. In the North we have no such bold, manly, open and above-board oppression. Oh, no, sir. Here is a specimen of the cold, crafty, sneaking oppression of the North—an oppression, which reaches and preys heavily upon the generous and impulsive, as well as upon the unfortunate—upon many of the pur est and brightest spirits in the land. These are the boys, (exhibiting a pawnbroker’s duplicate amidst great laughter.) I will read it: “No. 122. Joseph Simpson & Company, 25 Chatham street, July, 1853—Gold watch’ $6. Mike Walsh. Not answerable in case of damage by fire or robbery; twenty-five percent, per annum.” (Great laughter.) And it is, in thousands of instances, much nearer seventy-five per cent, than twenty-five, as they always charge a full month’s interest where it is an hour over the even time; and as they rarely advance more than a sixth or fourth of the value of an article, in all cases where the individual fails, (like my colleague, Dean,) though from a very different cause, to redeem a pledge at the termination of the prescribed y ear, it becomes the sole property of the pawn broker. I could easily enumerate sundry other little items and devises which go to still fur ther swell the measure of his gains; but even were it limited in all cases, instead of not be ing so in any, to the mere legal twenty-five per cent, he has $300 a year, and his $1,200 eats nothing, wears nothing, consumes nothing, and can be used as the same instrument of oppres sion after he is dead. His children after him can be used as the same instrument of oppres sion among the children and grandchildren of the survivor. One thousand two hundred dol lars invested in northern pawn-broking—and it is almost the same thing in landlordism—brings $300 a year. For that $300 a man can own one of the best living, breathing, white, think ing men of the North; and after he has worn him out, at the age of forty years, he can pass him away and take a younger fellow. The difference between the two systems is simply this: If a dozen of us own a horse in common, we want to ride him as much as possible, and feed him as little as possible. (Laughter.) But if you or I own a horse exclusively, we will take good care to feed him well, and not drive him too much to endanger his health, but just enough to keep him in good traveling order.— But as I find my time is getting short, I must conclude by a brief allusion to another matter. There have been inuendoes and insinuations secretly and sneakinglv made against me, be cause I have supported this bill. As I said be fore, I supported it because it lies at the very bottom of the principles of the democratic par ty. These charges and insinuations have not been made publicly in a manner so that I could reply to them. Those who are said to have made them have carefully avoided everything of the sort upon this floor' and I shall now dis pose of them with the contempt they so justly merit. It takes something more than the en vious croaking of such renegade creatures to seriously shake my nerves, or ruffle my com posure. The eagle, while calmly reposing in his mountain home, may be slightly and mo mentarily annoyed by the buzzing and nibbling of a set of miserable, despicable insects, but when once he spreads his imperial pinions to soar aloft, with the first flutter of his wing he sweeps them down the wind, and with the next dashes on in his upward and heavenward ca reer into sunlit regions, to which it is not given to even the vision of meaner birds to follow. Brownson’s Review—Native Americanism. Every body knows, says the Cincinnati En quirer, that Orestes A. Brownson is one of the staunchest and probably the most ultra Roman Catholic in the United States. Although but a recent convert to the denomination,in the zeal and warmth with which he supports the ten ets of its creed he has no superior. He is a man of unquestioned ability, and his Quarterly Review, published in Boston, may be consider ed one of the great organs of the Catholic Church in this country. He is an America . by birth, and for many years was as strong a Pro testant as he is now a Catholic. The July number uf his Quarterly contains an article up on Native Americanism of the most extraordi nary character. From his religion and position, we supposed he would denounce it in the strongest terms. But, so far from doing so, he expresses a willingness to have the naturalization laws repealed, and no one allowed to vote hut those horn upon the soil. We are confident that the American people, in common with us, will pe ruse this declaration of the great gun of Catho- 1 licism with surprise. The article is so remarkable emenating from him, that we will make liberal extracts from it. Mr. Bronson says, he is never pleased to find Catholic journals sneering at “ Nativeism,” “ that it is in bad taste ; and though it may please a certain class of their readers,can hardly fail to be understood in a wider sense, and to give oflence even to those of their catholic friends, whose grand-fathers and grand-mothers were American born. Nationality is a thing which foreigners are always required to treat with consideration, and it is never prudent if, peace and good will are desired, to treat it with levity or centempt.” Mr. Brownson adds, that say what you will, the Americans have a nationality. It is true that the population of the United States is composed of English, Irish, German, French, Scotch, Dutch, Welch, Norwegians, Afr cans and Asiatics, to say nothing of the aboriginies; but the population of English ori gin and descent are the predominating class, very nearly as much so as in England itself. They were for the United States as a nation first in the field, the original germ of the great American people, and they constitute at least three-fourths of the white population of the country. They aie the original source of American nationality, the founders of American institutions, and it is through their heart that flow's the grand fertilizing current of American life. It is ide to deuy it, or be angry with it. The speculation of some German writers, that it must ultimately become German, and of some Irish editors, that it must ultimately be come Celtic, are worthy of no attention. No nationality here can stand a moment before the Anglo-American. It is the all absorbing power, and cannot be absorbed or essentially modified by any other. This, quarrel with it as you will, is a “ fixed fact.'* Bronson after admonishing the foreigners that they have not the same right to interfere in political matters as those that are natives to the “manor born,” thus plainly talks to them: If these citizens form in some respect a par ty, as it were a people, by themselves, and are found organizing and drilling military compa nies of their own, with strong foreign sympa thies and antipathies, and represented by a press discussing freely and with little modera tion all questions of internal and external policy, and ciseulating almost exclusively amongst themselves, loudly boasting their ability to throw out or throw in either of the two great parties at will, and to elect and defeat any can didate for the Presidency, as he is or is not ac ceptable to’ them, an outbreak of native Amer icanism all over the country is the most natu ral thing in the world. He assures his catholic friends that the sen timent which underlies Native Americanism, is as strong in the bosom of American Catho lics as it is in the bosoms of American Protes tants: Our foreign-born citizens must permit us to say, that they have been impudent, and have committed some serious mistakes. It is wrong to claim as a natural right what is really only a boon. No nation is bound to admit foreigners to all the rights and immunities of natural-born citizens. But whatever the doctrines they avow, or the real convictions of their minds, it must be conceded that the great body of foreigners, naturalized or simply resident among us, are not republican in their spirit, their interior hab its, and their interior life, and discipline. They have not the inward and abiding sense of the state of law, in the abstract, and of liberty with authority, which is so essential to practical as distinguished from theoretical republicanism. Hence their invariable tendency to confound republicanism with democracy, and democracy with radicalism. They lack practical republi can training. * * * * * * air air While we defend the sentiment of Ameri can nationality, and are so far on the side of Native Americanism, we must utterly repudiate the Native American party, so-called, for its real leaders are foreigners, mostly apostate or renegade catholics of the Padre Gravazzi stamp. These vile European vagabonds have seized upon the honest native American and republican sentiment of the country, and have sought to pervert it to a mere anti-Popery sentiment. ******* Still, as catholics, we are not disposed to of fer any opposition to Native Americanism, if it will only be impartial, and not discriminate against us. If it chooses to repeal the naturali zation laws, and enact that, hereafter, no person not bom in this country, or of American parents temporarily resident abroad, shall have the right to vote in our elections, or be elligible to any office, but conceding the full rights of citizens to all born in this country, without regard to the nation ality of their parents, we shall ourselves offer no opposition. The true policy of every republi can country, we believe, is to confine suffrage and eligibility to natural-bom citizens, al though it should ordinarily render naturaliza tion, so far as civil as distinguished from politi cal citizenship is concerned, as easy as possi bly. If the framers of our government had contemplated such an influx of foreigners as we have witnessed for the last four years, we think they would have confined the political rights of citizenship, suffrage and eligibility, to natural-bom citizens. There would have been no hardship to foreigners in this; there would be no hardship in doing so now to those already naturalized; because no foreigner can claim these rights as a natural right. The immigrant could not then, indeed, hope to be a voter or an office holder himself, but he could acquire and transmit real estate, enjoy the protection of the laws and the peace and prosperity of the country, and be consoled by knowing that his children would be citizens, and placed politi cally on an equal footing with others. The Great Railroad Stock Fraund in New York. The development of fraud has never created so much sensation and alarm in Wall street, as has the disclosure of the enormous frauds perpetrated upon the New Haven rail road company by the issue of $1,900,000 spuri ous certificates of stock. It seems that the at tention of the committee of the company was called to an inadvertency in one of the stock certificates, on Monday afternoon, and the whole of Tuesday (the 4th,) was spent in en deavoring to investigate the extent of the fraud. It appears that for several months a series of false issues of certificates of stock has been made, amounting to the sum above mentioned. It appears that Mr. A. Vanderenter, the book keeper, has admitted to Mr. Fetchum, one of the directors, that at one time, 10,000 shares, and 9,000 shares at various other times, were transferred by Mr. Robert Schuyler, transfer agent, to the firm of Messrs. R. & G. L. Schuy ler, and by them hypothecated. This firm failed about two weeks since for a very large sum. The New York Post of the 6th, says: Mr. George Schuyler is wholly ignorant of the financial condition of the firm of which he is a member, his brother having the sole manage ment of ist affairs. What explanation Mr. R. Schuyler may be able to give we do not know. We learn that his health was much improved this morning, and it is to be hoped that he may soon be able to submit to the public some ex planation of the transaction. The legal capital of the company is $8, 000,000, in 30,000 shares; the stock now in market amounts to 49,000 shares, representing $5,000,000. The directors of the company will, as we learn, order the books of transfer to be imme diately closed, and the certificates of stock out standing to be called in for registration, so as to ascertain the real extent and condition of the company, as it is possible a still greater amount of shares may have been issued. This discovery is a great check to credit and confidence. The stock fell to sixty this morn ing before the Board met. We learn that most of the spurious stock was pledged to Cornelius Vanderbilt, who has advanced some five or six hundred thousand dallars upon it. The directors of the road met on Wednes day and the result of their deliberations was the publication of a notice, in which they say: It has been apparent on a hasty examination of the stock books, which have been kept by the President, Robert Schuyler, as transfer agent in New York, that by means of false en tries, erasures and other similar practices, an is sue of illegal and fraudulent stock has Decn made within a few months past, to the amount as nearly as can be ascertained, of nearly twen ty-thousand shares, or two millions of dollars. A rigid examination will be immediately made, by order of the directors, of the boott and pa pers, and the result when accurately ascertain ed. will be made public. Robert Schuyler sent in his registration as President of the road, to the meeting, which was accepted. The Post further adds: At the Board of the Brokers this morning the stock was not called, it being resolved to do nothing in it until the official report was made by the Directors of the New Haven road. A question has been raised as to the liability of the company for the spurious stock, on the ground that none of those certificates had been recorded. The question will depend probably upon the construction of the charter in refer ence to transfers. All the false stock was sign ed by the President, who was the transfer agent of the company, and the Secretary who is ab sent in Europe, but who left blanks signed for the President’s use. This is the third over issue of stock that has been exposed within the last thirty days—viz : The Parker Vein, the Vermont Central, and lastly the New Haven. The Parker Vein and Vermont Central were inveterate fancies daily bandied about in the market, and of uncertain value, but the New York and New Haven Bail rad stock was rarely offered for sale, and until the Norwalk disaster, which suspended its div idends, was chiefly held by capitalists as a safe and sure investment. The stock has recently been hypothecated in Wall street to a large ex tent. It is feared that these developments are but the precussors of others, and even of great er magnitude. From the Arkansas Magazine. LINES. Written by an old man, on receiving the daguerreotype of his adopted daughter, at school in the East. Thou truthful picture of a dear young face, Thou faithful image of an absent friend, Thou sunlight likeness, charming in its grace, My heart is full as over thee I bend. The speaking eves flash out a glorious light, And tell the brightness of tne soul within; A soul that feeds upon “ th’ unflinching right,” And scorns to earth a folly or a sin. The lip are firmly set—and yet a smile In their embrace is still so gently wreathed! They would not yield to wrong, and yet the while. By them an angry word could ne'er be breathed. The hair thrown back, a forehead broad displays, The mark of intellect—great Reason’s throne ; The best of Heaven’s gifts, that last decays, And lives and works when all the rest have gone. And thou, fair girl, whose lifelike image here, The sun’s bright rays so truthfully have cast; How often do I wish that thou wert near. To cheer the hours that fleet so sadly past. Mveves are dim, my hair is silvered o’er— My heart, alas, is even now not gay, And in its saddest moments, evermore Will turn to thee—away, so fur away. Yet I’d not have thee back, oh no. not now, Thy head with high born knowledge must be filled, A crown of glory first must deck thy brow, And in thy soul true wisdom be instilled. Be faithful to thy books—and read and love in them is found that mighty knowledge—power, Which tits us for the world, and Heaven above. And brings new pleasures every day and hour. ’Mid thy companions let it be thy aim To be the best and much the brightest star, Among the good of earth to take a name, And shining brightly send its rays afar. Then to the sunny South thy footsteps bend. To seek the home of early childhood’s glee. There to receive glad welcome from each friend, The best beloved by all—my life to me. " " " *• “ w TV The case is clasped—the face is hidden now — Shut out—unseen by any mortal eye— The night is dark—the wind is moaning low. And seems to answer back my heartfelt sigh. Farewell, fond child, the old man sheds a tear— j The fountain, long since dry, wells up again— Farewell - my heart is desolate und drear. Farewell, God bless you—teal's fall now like rain! Jiioley, Miss..June 4,1854. [Selected.] TH E TOCSI N. A Lay of Old Point Comfort. BY W.T. WALTHALL. A lady stands on a rampart's height, Beneath a starry sky ; A youth is with that lady bright, And no other eyes are nigh. Thev look upon a lovely bay. \Vaved bv the breath of even ; And well 1 ween, no fairer scene To mortal eye is given. From her ocean bed the moon is springing. Where wave and welkin meet, And a flood of silvery light is flinging Athwart the rippling sheet; And the dancing waves, that kiss the shore, With gentle sound are beating, As soft and low as words that flow, From lips of lovers meeting. The spell of the fairy scene hath bound The youth and the lady fair ; But hark! a clear and startling sound Rings on the silent air. Away! away! the hour is come, The ’larum voice hath spoken ; They have left the shore—the dream is o’er. And the airy charm is broken. Would'st know the pow’r. in that soft hour, That broke so sweet a spell 1 Ah! truth is cold, but must be told— It was the supper bell! The “ Angel Gabriel.” The biography of the “ Angel Gabriel” has been published in New York, from which we make the following extract of this eccentric character: The name of this eccentric and peripatetic orator is McSwish. His father was a native of Scotland, and was a domestic in the establish ment of the Marquis of Huntley. He married a female domestic in the same household, and with her emigrated to the Isle of Skye, where this precious “ Angel Gabriel”—the fulminator of unpalatable truths, first opened his eyes up on a sinful world. His fortunes and wander ings have not been untinctured with romance and tinged with some most disreputable remi niscences. He was born on the 3d of Septem ber, 1809, and is consequently forty-five years of age. His mother’s maiden name was Saunders, and he was chirstened Sandy McSwish. He was a very dull lad, and instead of remaining atschool, was apprenticed to a weaver in his thirteenth year. His mother, having in the meantime be come a widow, she married an itinerant Baptist preacher named Orr, whence the “ An^el” not only derived his present name, but imbibed his singular notions of handing his name down to posterity. The family, in course of time, left the Isle of Skye, and Orr went on a preaching tour to the Highlands, but finding the “busi ness” bad, he changed his name as well as his occupation, and as one Wiggins, he joined an equestrian troupe. Sandy of course followed in the footsteps of his illustrious step-father, and soon distinguished himself in his new cal ling. He shortly quarreled with the manager, however, joined a company of acrobats, with whom he traveled over England, and finally came to Liverpool. Here he fell in love with a wine merchant’s daughter, with whom he eloped to Wales, where he married. In Wales, he first setup as a preacher of the Methodist persuasion; but his hearers soon growing weary of his discourses, he conceived the happy idea of setting his ser mons to music, and introduced for that purpose a tin horn into the pulpit. Hence the origin of all our woes! Having by some means fallen into disgrace, he left his Welsh charge under cover of night, leaving a few debts behind, and taking in exchange the pewter tankard, which had’beeu employed in the church sacraments, [ and with his trumpet he commenced his wan derings. Embarking as a cook on board a Bristol ves sel, he first landed at Jamaica, in the West In dies, where he resumed his functions of “ stated preaching.” But as the Baptist denomination was here more populous and numerous than his former sect, he left the Methodist, and cvme out a deeply immersed Baptist. He left Ja maica, and next started a dancing school in a small village, during which he first heard of the flourishing Mormon settlement at Nauvoo, in Illinois, and inmediately determined to push his fortunes in that direction. He arrived in Philadelphia just at the period of the Native American excitement there, and concealing his origin and antecedents, and being a dashing, spirited fellow, he soon was an acknowledged leader, finally becoming the editor of a Nati vist newspaper. He gave up all idea of fol lowing Joe Smith, as the harvest here was al ready ripe for the reaper. He came to New York, had just money enough to purchase a brass horn, which he has continued to blow until his name has filled the earth. The particulars of this strange biography are related by one who was bom in the same town with the “Angle Gabriel,” and he is us much as tonished at his success and notoriety as any one. He always wears his trumpet, frequently rides on the tops of omnibuses, and blows for the amusement of drivers. “ People are too much, given to slander!” said Mrs. Partington, solemnly, as she took her hands out of some gingerbread she was mak ing, and held them over the pan as if she was invoking a blessing on the savory mass. She turned half round as she spoke, and Mrs. Sled, who was busy with her sewing, looked up.— “ Why will people indulge in calomel,” con tinued she, “ and give opproprious names, when they could go along in peace and harmony with consciences voiding offence. Whole neigbor hoods are sot into a blaze by scandaliars and tale bearers, and envy is to the bottom of it, six times out of five. Some folks can’t bear to see some folks prosper. Now, if I know my own heart, I don’t b’lieve I’ve got a single enviable quality, and I thank heaven for it.” —Boston Post . From the New York Herald of the 10th July. The Great Political Juggle of the Age. The position of Austria as ostensible arbiter and stakeholder between the western powers and Russia may well excite surprise and distrust amongst the European liberals. That a power, whose existence was lately quivering in the ba lance, should now herself hold the scales, is a fact rather humiliating to the pride of great nations like England and Frauce, and we can well understand the disquietude and alarm i which the equivocal conduct of the Aberdeen ; ministry and the approaching occupation of the ' Principalities by the Austrians, with the con j sent of Russia, have given rise to amongst all | classes and shades of politicians in both coun ; tries. The speech of Lord Lyndhurst, in the i House of Lords, and the motion announced by | Mr. Layard, in the House of Commons, reflect ; faithfully the general impression created by these doubtful circumstances, and we are in clined to think that the discussion will rather confirm than do away with the idea that Austria and Russia are playing into each other’s hands, and that the English ministry are playing into the hands of both. If the latter hypothesis be not correct, then Lord Aberdeen and his col leagues must be the veriest dupes that ever pre tended to diplomatic foreshight. By allowing Austria to hold possession of the Principalities, • in trust, they do not as they imagine erect a ; barrier against the encroachments of the latter upon the Ottoman territories, but they afford a seasonable relief to the over-strained resources of Russia in that and other quarters, and enable her to concentrate her forces upon those points which are exposed to the most pressing danger. As long as the Austrians hold the Principalities she has nothing to l-ar from the operations of the allies against her south-western frontiers, and she will be consequently in a position to direct all her efforts to the defense of the Cri mea, which it is now the great object of the coalition to wrest from her. If this arrange ment be not the result of a concerted plan be tween the cabinets of Vienna and St. Peters burg, we must say that Russia is stragelv favor ed by the blindness and fatuity of her ene mies. No conjuncture of circumstances could have more opportunely adapted itself to the i present exigencies of her position, and at the same time removed the difficulties that opposed themselves to the prosecution of her ulterior designs. If the English and French governments are really serious in their professed determination to extort from Russia material guarantees against any future attempts to aggrandize herself at the expense of her weaker neighbors, they should not have committed the fatal mistake of mak ing the two great German powers parties to their league. They might easily have foreseen that they were thereby creating embarrassments and difficulties for themselves, arising either from the timidity or proverbial faithlessness of those powers, which must ultimately defeat the ob ject that they professed to have in view. In dependent action, uncontrolled by the fears or partialities of reluctant allies, would have given a union and strength to their coalition that the introduction of such doubtful elements could not fail to neutralize. We never did believe, however, that the Aberdeen ministry were act ing in good faith and sincerity in the course which they have pursued throughout this tor tuous affair. Their declarations and their acts have always been strangely at variance with each other. T hey accommodated the former to the excited state of public feeling in England, which was continually urging them on to ener getic measures, and the latter to the secret views of the cabinets of Vienna and Berlin, which consulted rather the feelings and interests of the Czar, than their own honor and the safety and peace of Europe. The French Emperor has, contrary to his usual habit, suffered himself to be led entirely in this matter by the guidance of English counsels, but it must not be suppos ed that it is from the absence of a due appre ciation of the hollow pretences put forth to jus tify the singular want of judgment and deci sion displayed by Lord Aberdeen and his col leagues. The truth is that he cares but little for the professed objects of the war. It was essential to the consolidation of his power, that he should cultivate a friendly understanding, if not a close alliace with the English people and the opportunity furnished by the Eastern question was eagerly caught at, and has been since carefully strengthened by his ready com pliance with the suggestions and advice of his new allies. Unlike his uncle he believes that stratagem is better than force, and by his saga city and prudence he has already accomplished one of the long cherished objects of French policy—a firm footing in the East. It will be recollected that one of the irreconcilable points of difference between the first Napoleon and Alexander, at the conference at Erfurth, was the possession of Constantinople. The former could not bring himself to yield this long co veted prize to his northern rival, and the dis cord to which the point gave rise went far to neutralize the objects of their interview. His astute and wily successor has contrived to se cure it without opposition or alarm, and like helpless Rome it will be difficult to arrest it from his tenacious grasp. There never was, perhaps, a greater political juggle than this Eastern question, from begin ning to end. The different governments have been all along endeavoring to dupe each other, and in concert to dupe the great masses of man kind. The hand of Providence, will, however, in this as in other instances in which ambition and deception seek to override the claims of natural justice and to stifle the voice of truth, ultimately baffle and defeat the sinister designs, that lie concealed in this labyrinth of tortuous intrigues. An Attack. The other night, as Mr. Smith—not our worthy mayor, but the other Mr. Smith—was going*quietly along, having attended a meeting of the order of good fellows, and made a sacri fice or two to the spirit of good fellowsihp, he was stopped at the corner of one of our princi pal thoroughfares by seven strong black men with masks on, who clutched him by the col lar, and with sepulchral voices asked—“T’oth er or which?—for or aginst?” He was stagger ed by the abruptness of the questions and their vagueness, and did not answer, when each of the party drew a revolver of twelve barrels, and as large, each of them, as a large sized spruce beer bottle, and each again demanded “For or aginst? t’other or which?” Every muzzle was directed towards Mr. Smiths, and he trembled with anger not unmixed with fear. “ What do you mean?” cried he, and the rever berating buildings in the deserted street cried “What do you mean?” Again the questions came to him of “T’other or which? for or aginst?” and Smith leaned against a building to support himself. His mind became confused, the forms before him grew to be giants, each aiming a twenty-four pounder at his head with one hand, and in the other holding enormous harpoons with which to impale him should he not answer the questions that seemed to thun der on the night air. Madness seized upon him, and he cried “ T’other and for, and take it hot,” while a friend around the corner echoed “ Take it hot!” “Then receive your doom,” cried his besiegers, and a sharp pain in the region of his fifth rib told him plainly where the harpoon had entered. He fell lifeless to the earth. Mr. Smith was somewhat surprised next morning to find himself alive in bed. The sun was up, and he thought he would try and get up himself and partake of a little breakfast.— “ Will you help me, my dear,” said he to Mrs. Smith, “ to a slice of the toast?” “T’other or which?” asked she, smiling. Smith was con fused. “ For or aginst—a piece of the steak?” continued she. Smith was confounded. He believed he must have dreampt the scene at the street corner, and that the “ t’other and which” was the result of a heated abolition temper, and a generous moistening of rum punch. The sharp elbow of Mrs. Smith corresponded favo rably with the harpoon.—Boston Post. The Blue Bridge Tunnel. Col. Crozet, in a communication which ap pears in the Valley Democrat, speaks of the difficulties encountered in the tunnel work.— After enumerating previous impediments in the way of a speedy prosecution of the work, Col. C. commences with those met with since No vember last. Ilesays: “ Until November last we had no cause to complain of our progress, though it was somewhat retarded during 1853 by strikes for higher wages, and the scarcity of hands. In November, new and serious difficul ties began; we suddenly came on the west side, upon a body of loose large rocks, a species of sandstone, in which we have been entangled ever since. Before this, the excavation had proceeded safely without any protection over head, but then a fall of the roof, which injured two men, though not fatally, warned us of us ing more caution. The hands for some time refused to work, but after strong frames of timber had been raised for their protection, they returned to their task. These loose masses of rock were for some time wrapped in red mud, showing a fissure clear to the top, hero 500 feet high. More recently the mud disappeared, but the water came from above in a heavy shower, which kept the men constantly wet, at a time when pneumonia raged in the neighborhood and carried off several of them. Then again most of them declined working in so appaling a situtatiou; but upon my procuring oilcloth coverings, they returned. Since that period, the large rocks were succeeded by a singular conglomerate of small pebbles, no larger than peas, and finally, we have just passed through a narrow drift of sandy soil, which poured down as fast as removed to the imminent dan ger of the men. Can any reasonable man ex pect, that in the midst of such dangers and ex posure, having to raise props and shield, before venturing forward, and frequently to raise them a second time when knocked off'by blasts, men can rush through with the speed of expectant impatience! It would seem that the mountain had been rent here, and the chasm filled by some sandy deposit; we have struggled here already through about 200 feet, and, thank God, without any accident. There is every ap pearance of our getting again into the hard blue slate, which constitutes the main body of the mountain. If we are not again disappointed, our future progress will be from 70 to 80 feet per month, and the time necessary to complete the 1,500 feet can readily be approximated.— The progress in June is already better; it will not be short of 60 feet. One foot a day at each drift, is generally considered a fair ave rage, though we made more before we encoun tered the loose rock. Ludicrous Waggery.—The Pioneer, a ma gazine published monthly at San Francisco, California, contains an “editor’s table” similar to that in the Kinckerbocker, from which we extract the following racy paragraph: “And this again reminds us of a factious performance of the late J. P. Squibob, who ‘ once on a time,’ while walking down Penn sylvania avenue, wus sorley mystified by a mo dest little sign, standing in the window of a neat little shop on the left hand side as you go down. The sign bore, in gaily painted letters, the legend, W ashington Ladies’ Depository.— Flattening his nose against the window, Squi bob described two ladies whom he describes as of exceeding beatuy, neatly dressed and busily engaged in sewing, behind a little counter.— The fore-ground was filled with lace caps, ba by’s stockings, compresses for the waist, capes, collars and other articles of still life. Hat in hand, Squibob^pverently entered, and with in- j tense politeness, address one of the ladies as fol- ] lows: Madam, I perceive by your sign that this j is the depository for Washington ladies: I am go- I ing tot he North for a few days, and should be ple aesd to leave my wife in your charge—but I don’t know, if by your rules you could receive her, she is as a Baltimw'e woman! One of the ladies,’ says Squibob, ‘ a pretty little girl in a blue dress, turned very red, and holding down her head, made the remark, 'te he!’ But the elder of the twain after making as if she would laugh, but by a strong-minded effort holding iu, repiled, ‘ Sir, you have made a mistake; this is the place where the socity of Washington ladies deposit their work, to be sold for the benefit of the dis tressed natives of the Island of Fernando de Noronha,’ or words to that effect. Gravely did the wicked Squibob bow all solemnly beg ging her pardon, and putting on his hat, walked off, followed by a sound from that depository as of an autumnal brook p,”j;!ing and babbling over its pebbly bed in a New England forest.” er The first railroad in Brazil was thrown open to the public on the SOth of last April, the inaugurat ing ceremonies taking place in presence of the Empe ror and Empress and an immense concourse of the leading personages of the empire. The director re ceived on the occasion the title of Barao de Maria, and the ohief engineer the Imperial order of the Rose. On dit—that Queen Victoria will shortly pay a visit to the Emperor Napoloou and the fair Eugenie. The First “ Know Nothing.” It has been generally supposed that that no torious rascal, “ Ned Buntline,” was the first one who started the Know Nothing order, but it is a mistake, the credit must be given to a very different personage. The principles of the order, too, are very old—being promulgated in the United States nearly a century ago._ The Know Nothings of the present day, who profess to be such great Americans in feeling, have borrowed their creed, unless the declara tion of Independence is a life, from George the Third, King of England, at the time of our Revolution. Among the charges which our ancestors in 1776 preferred against the British King was the following: The Declaration of Independence states that “the history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the es tablishment of an absolute tyranny over these States.” Of the facts submitted to a candid world to prove this, the following is the sixth: “ He has endeavored to prevent the popula tion of these States; for that purpose obstructing the laws for the naturalization offoreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.” bo it sseems that the Know Nothings are simply carrying out the views of the old British tyrant, and that their pretended American principles was the British Tory creed in 1776, to put down which our ancestors resorted to arms. If Washington, Jefferson, Hancock, Adams, Franklin, and the rest of the revo lutionary sages and patriots were upon the stage of existence, they would bring the same indict ment against the Know Nothings that they did against George the Third 78 years ago. Had that society been formed then, it would have sustained George the Third in his efforts to obstruct the laws for the naturalization of for eigners and taken issue with the Declara tion of Independence upon that point. How hollow are its claims to a partiotic American character, when its principles were repudiated in direct terms by the illustrious patriots of the Revolution, and when the only one wdio gave them countenance was the British tyrant— George the Third!—Cincinnati Enquirer. Terrible Calamity and Loss of Life. We learn from a letter dated Mount Wiscon sin, Wisconsin, that a terrible accident occurred near that village on the 11th inst. A number of years ago, when this part of the country was a howling wilderness, a very rich gentleman had wandered here for the purpose of hunting foxes, etc. One day in one of his rambles he came to the foot of a high perpendicular rock (about 80 rods from where now stands the vil lage of Mount Vernon;) while he was explor ing the crevices, etc., in search of fox holes, he found a large cavern, which led straight into the bluff; he procured a torch and proceeded to explore it; he had not proceeded far before an explosion of the gases took place, which ended his life. It has been visited since that time, but with no fatal consequences, (being careful to carry no fire, except in a glass lantern,) till last Sunday, when a number of persous being assembled at the house of Joel Britts, on a visit, they con cluded to take a ride to the village, and to visit the “ Mammoth Cave,” which they did. They had taken the necessary precaution, with the exception of a pipe that remained in the mouth of the wife of “Joel Britts.” So they all went in, twelve persons, compris ing the following named, viz: Joel Britts and wife; Caroline Britts and her son Cyrus, two years of age; Joseph Britts, Edward Britts, Da vid Smith and wife, Harriet Lycan, Louisa Lee, Jas. McXaband Rhoda Carlin, the two latter of this village. I was standing about forty rods from the place, when I heard an immense explosion; after which I hastened to the spot, and what a heart rending scene met my eye—it may be immagined but not describ ed. All of the before named persons, except the three latter were burned or bruised to death. James McNab, Louisa Lee and Miss Carlin lay with their clothes burning and bodies mangled frightfully. They were placed under the care of the village physician, who thinks they will recover. “Cut Loose Agaix, Mister!”—A friend of ours, who is a most accomplished salesman, and who is kept very busy in one of the up town dry goods houses, was complimented not longsince, in the mannerand form as follows, to wit: He had a countryman in the store, and was showing him a very handsome piece of ladies’ dress goods, not with any hope of selling it; still, there was some slight chance, and besides, it is necessanr—so our friend avers—to keep constantly in practice. So he dashed ahead in fine style, praised the richness of the pattern, extrolled the texture of the fabric, held it up to a favorable light, vouched for its ultra fash ionableness, and, in short, let loose a torrent of eloquence, in which it was difficult to distin guish which was most flattered, the taste of the admiring rustic or the quality of the magni ficent mousseline. Bumpkin’s eye flashed with gratified pride at the complimentary allusion to himself, and unconcealed astonishment at the development of beauty in the goods, and fluen cy in the salesman. Catching our friend by the arm, he exclaimed, “ Stop right here one mi nute!” and dashed out of the store with two or three rapid bounds. Grosdenap stood still, a little bothered, holding the bolt of goods across both hands, just as though he had frozen in the attitude in which he had so thoroughly impres sed the rural gentleman. Meanwhile, this last mentioned individual whisked two bouncing girls out of a carryall which stood in front of the store, and half pushing, half pulling them, brought them up in front of him of the fluent tongue: “ Gals! stand there—right there, Sally!—and now, mister, cut loose again! I just leant the gals to hear you!" It is almost needless to say, in view of the peculiarity of the circumstances, that our friend was utterly | overwhelmed with his emotions, and for once in his life failed in his utterance —to the great disappointment of both father and daughters. 0^"Dr. Egan, a physician of Chicago, and also an enthusiastic land speculator, prescribed some pills for a patient, with directions to take “ a quarter down, and the balance in one, two, and three years.” An Heiress if She Marries.—It is stated : in the Sti^r that Miss Mary Ann Beachler, i daughter of Mr. John Beachler, of Washing ; ton city, has fallen heir to one hundred thou ' sand dollars by the death of a relative in Ger many, on condition that she marries on arriv ing at the age of eighteen. Ohio Liquor Law Unconstitutional.— We learn from a passenger on last evening's train that Chief Ju dee Crown has decided that the Liquor Law passed by the last Legislature is unconstitutional; under which decision, se veral persons confined in Champaign county jail, for violating provisions of said law, were released from confinement.—’Ohio Statesman.